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S. B. SfflTffS LETTER Comparison of Washington and Min- nesota as Agricultural and Fruit Raising States. A Tree Which Bears Peaches Meas- uring From 12 to 16 Inches in Circumference. In my last communication I gave some statistics showing what Wash ington was a few years ago and what it is today, and I have been asked, Is it a good place for general farm ing purposes?" I will give my opin ion but I will first mention a peach that Mrs. Smith has just brought in from one of the neighbors which meas m*ed 123^ inches in circumference, and the lady that gave it to her picked one from the same tree that measured 16 inches. That tree bears not only large peaches, but they are delicious in flavor. I have heard it stated several times by different men that have lived a few months in Washington and then re turned to their former home that Washington as a state for general farming was not to be compared with Minnesota. There is some truth in that statement, but it is too broad an assertion to make, therefore I cannot agree with those that make such state ments. The human mind is of such a nature, and there is such a diversity of opinion, that no one person can make statements or form opinions that will be agreeable to or accepted by the whole human race: therefore, my opinion of Washington as compared with Minnesota as an agricultural state, although given honestly and candidly, will have but little weight in the minds of some people. That which some people like others dislike, and it is very pleasant to think of this diversity of opinion. It also shows the wisdom of the creator in bringing forth man, for if we all liked the same kind of food or fruit the supply would not be equal to the demand, and if we all liked the same place it would not contain us, or if we all liked the same woman there would be a large number of bachelors in the world. Then again, some minds are bilious as well as bodies. When the body is in a sickly con dition it is not fitted for work and when the mind is in the same con dition it is not capable of forming correct opinions. My physical and mental faculties are in a very healthy condition, therefore I claim that my opinion is reasonable arid reliable. When I came to Washington there was great immigration to the state and it was a mystery to me, when I saw how rough and rugged the coun try was, what inducement there was to cause so many people to come here to live, but after a five months resi dence in the state it is no longer a mystery. Its healthy, salubrious climate and its fruit are the two great est inducements. During the last financial depression Minnesota farm ers were urged to go into diversified farming, and that method has been kept before the farmers for the last decade as the sure road to success. If that method is the bestand it surely isfor one state it will be for all states in the union, and the state ments in my last communication were sufficient to convince any reasonable man that Washington is a good state for diversified farming. The average yield of wheat per acre is several bushels more than Minnesota pro duces and dairying and stock raising is more profitable than in Minnesota. It takes much less to feed stock here than there and in the fruit line, to use a slang phrase, Minnesota is not in it. Minnesota is making progress in fruit raising, but will never be able to compete with Washington for size, quality or variety. Minnesota has not as much waste land as Washing ton, but Washington never has any snow storms or^30 and 40 below zero winters. Between 20 and 30 above zero is the coldest we have here, [t is said that the land is bad to clear from stumps after the timber is cut. Yes, the fir and cedar stumps are hard to remove, but so are the bass wood, elm and pine of Minnesota hard to remove. This does not, however, hinder ambitious and energetic men from settling on the timber lands of Minnesota and making good farms. The same is true of that class of men in Washington. Let us read a little history and see what hardships the early settlers had' to endure in order to make themselves a home. Has the race deteriorated? Have men become pigmies? Nay, verily, the country is filled with men that'are strong, hardy and ambitious, and are willing to take the axe, the brush scythe and the mat tock and make themselves homes in b^Si wW^6 the wild west. But Mr. A. came to Washington, spent several months and visited several places, and he has re turned to Minnesota. He says he would not live in Washington if they would give him the whole state. This is the opinion of one man, and it furn ished talk for half of the state for several months, but how about those ninety and nine that did not nor would not return? This one man's opinion as against the ninety and nine is nothing new. Many years ago some men were sent by a nation to view a land which was considered a good place to emi grate to. The majority of those men returned and gave an unfavorable re port, but two gave a good report and said the country flowed with milk and honey. So, notwithstanding the un favorable report of one man, there is plenty of milk and honey in Washing ton. My opinion will be continued in another article. S. B. Smith. NEB'S SPIKIT RETURNS. Milt. Smith's Naf Performs Feats Worthy of an Acrobat. Milt. Smith's horse, Nebuchadnez zar, is a beast of noble lineage and usually of a most docile disposition. His docility has been thrust upon himthat is, Neb has been reduced to this condition by careful dieting and regular exercise. There are times, however, when Neb rebels, and then his old-time spirit returns and impels his heels to raisethe dash board. Upon one of these occasions (Tuesday night) Neb was standing peaceably near the depot chewing a bunch of excelsior when a box of peaches fell from the express wagon and struck him on the rump. This was more than Neb could stand. He looked about him, sized up the sit uation, ate a stray peach or two which had dropped from the basket and stood on his head. In thus do ing his heels came in contact with the dashboard, which kited through the air to the lumber yard across the track. When Milt arrived a few minutes later he espied Neb near the Princeton hotel, tangled in the har ness and going through the gyrations of a whirling dervish. Milt tried to capture the beast, but Neb wouldn't have it that way. He pranced off toward the Caley lumber yard, circled around, pawed the air, stood on his head again, returned to the express wagon and, backing into the shafts, waited to be hitched up. Milt had by this time recovered his dashboard, which he nailed in position. He then repaired his harness with ropes, gave Neb a handful of excelsior and a peach as an inducement to be good and started on the uneven tenor of his way to deliver his express packages. Mr. Smith knows Neb, otherwise he would likely have sworn. Grain for Dry Soil. J. C. Dawes, formerly a leading farmer in the Gallatin valley, but for the past two years engaged in dry farming on the bench lands north of Norris, along Norwegian creek, Mon tana, has during the past two years been experimenting with a species of Russian barley produced extensively on the steppes of Russia. This grain differs somewhat from the native grain. The head resembles that of wheat, while the kernels also bear a resemblance to the same grain. Fifty bushels of well-developed grain, Mr. Dawes has found, can be harvested from one acre on dry bench lands, without water. The crop ma tures in about ninety days, thus mak ing it possible! by early seeding, to avoid the hot, withering sun of late July and August. This year Mr. Dawes seeded his ground April 15 and on July 15 the reapers were running. Russian barley can be threshed and used precisely as other grain, but Mr. Dawes has experimented with the un threshed straw as a forage for live stock. Cattle, sheep and hogs, he says, fatten on it readily, and he has found that one ton of the barley and sttraw contains as much nutrition as three tons of the best alfalfa. The straw is tender and sweet and the livestock eat it readily. Five Minute Automobiles. Mr. Herbert N. Casson in Pear son's magazine says that the fac tories of America turn out one auto mobile every five minutes. This country is making more automobiles than England, Germany, Italy or even France, and we have $21,310,000 invested in the industry. Twenty-four thousand machines are registered in New York state, while in France, where the machine originated, there are not more than 17.000. This shows the marvelous growth of an industry which has merit. The merit of golden grain belt beer, embodied in its purity and healthful qualities, rec ommends it to every provider for the home. Order of your nearest dealer or be supplied by Henry Veidt, Princeton. ^jmr |ir#^lWjJ^^5| THE PRINCETON UNIO UNITED INWEDLOCK Miss Gertrude Brands of Princeton Led to Altar by W. H. Thielen of Minneapolis. Ceremony Solemnized in St. Edwards Catholic Church on Tuesday Morning, Sept. 25. Miss Gertrude Brands, one of Princeton's favorite daughters, was married on Tuesday morning at 8:30 o'clock to W. H. Thielen of Minne apolis. The ceremony was performed at St. Edwards Catholic church by Rev. Father Levings in the presence of a large assemblage of friends and acquaintances. Decorations of cut flowers and ferns were profuse in the sacred edifice and an arch of smilax had been erected immediately in front of the altar. To the strains of Mendelssohn's wedding march executed with an artistic touch by Miss Mary O'Reilly the contract ing parties approached the altar, and there, in accordance with the impres sive rites of the Catholic church, took the vows which made them man and wife. They were accompanied to the altar by Martin C. Brands, jr., bro ther of the bride, and Miss Lizzie Nachbar, who respectively filled the role of groomsman and bridesmaid. Two solos, "O Promise Me" and "Ave Maria" were very impressively rendered by Miss Lena Nachbar. The bride was gowned in white or gandie and was veiled in white chiffon. She carried a nosegay of bridal roses and the bridesmaid a bouquet of pink and white carnations. At the conclusion of the ceremony the bride and groom were driven to the home of Mr. and Mrs. Martin Brands,the bride's parents,where a wedding breakfast consisting of the delicacies of the season was par taken of. The house was decorated throughout with the season's choicest flowersevery room was resplendent with nature's blossoms and foliage. Many ornamental and useful pres ents were bestowed upon the bride and groom and the blessings of all assem bled. Mr. and Mrs. Thielen left Princeton in the afternoon of the same day and proceeded to Elk River by team, from whence they went to Minneapolis and continued on their journey east, where they will spend their honeymoon and return to the mill city within a month. Mrs. Thielen is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Martin Brands of Princeton and is a young lady highly esteemed in the community, while Mr. Thielen is a progressive business man of Min neapolis. Those from abroad who attended the wedding were Mrs. Brown and son and Miss Laura Thielen of Minne apolis. The Union tenders its congrat ulations. Great Northern's New Tariff. The Great Northern Railway com pany has filed its new tariff covering the voluntary cut in coal rates an nounced by it and the Northern Pa cific a week ago. The Northern Pa cific tariff is already on file, and as soon as agreed to by the railway and warehouse commission will go into effect. The reduction in coal rates made by the Northern Pacific company repre sented an average of from 5 to 10 per cent, but in the case of the Great Northern the reduction ranges from 5 cents to 47 cents on a ton, the latter applying solely to the soft product. Like the Northern Pacific tariff, the rates on the line from Duluth to the twin cities remains untouched. The reduction is mainly confined to the Willmar and Sioux Falls line, here the 47 cent reduction, which is the highest, being in effect. It is this line which is thrown the heaviest into com petition with the other lines of the state, and the reduction in rates as made on it cannot but be widespread in its effects. The other lines will be compelled to meet the reduction. At Hanley Falls, a competitive point where the old rate was $2.25 for both hard and soft coal, the new rate is $2.05 and $1.80 respectively. At Granite Falls it is the same. At Mar shall, where the rate was $2.25 for both hard and soft coal, the rate has been cut to $2.10 and $1.85, and at Pipestone, where the rate was $2.50 and $2.40, the new rate is $2.25 and $2. In the case of the Northern Pacific the reduction on hard coal was very slight, but with the Great Northern it is quite heavy at certain points. Out side of the twin city lines the cut is general and extends into the Dakotas. KewaTd of Diligence. The man who attends to his own business will have leisure later on to enjoy meddling with other people's. Ohio Magazine. PRINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1906. THE DISTRICT COURT Term Commences Monday, Oct. i, and Judge Dibbell of Duluth Will Probably Preside. Grand Jury Will Pass Upon Charges Against J. Riley, Nick Abras and G. H. Langmo. The October term of the district court will commence here on Monday next, and it is expected that Judge Dibbell of Duluth will preside. Among the cases of importance which will come up for hearing at that time are: Jennie Ekblad vs. Gustaf Hjort, suit for damages. John A. Hubers vs. Wm. B. Mit chell et al., contest of title to land. Anje Damhof vs. Wm. B. Mitchell, contest of land title. Gamble-Robinson Commission Co. vs. Northern Pacific Railroad Co., claim for damages in shipment of goods. Swan S. Petterson vs. Northern Pacific Railroad Co., claim for re covery of damages in shipment. A. W. Steeves vs. Jas. Chisholm, contest on log lien. Carl J. Satterbakken vs. Mille Lacs Land and Loan Co., suit on land con tact. Marion B. and Flossie Cater vs. Robt. H. Steeves, disputed land title. W. J. Eynon vs. T. F. Norton, libel. Wm. A. Wallace vs. T. F. Norton, libel. The grand jury will take up for con sideration, among other charges, that of the State vs. John Riley and Nick Abras for grand larceny in the first degree and State vs. Gunder H. Lang mo for forgery. Vicious Novels and Papers. A company in St. Louis that deals wholesale in books and supplies much of the literature sold in stations and on trains will bar all stories of heroic criminals hereafter. Attempts have been made to glorify such per sons as Jesse James, the Daltons and the Younger brothers in novels, as there have been to create sympathy fe$: noted thieves and assassins in melodrama, and although the stage can be more mischievous, since its appeal is more direct and its present ments more vivid, the resolution to cease all trade in books which are harmful in their effect on young and impressionable readersthe only sort that read this trashis in the public interest and operates toward the lessening of the criminal class. But the mischief done by a Jesse James novel is not a tithe of the harm that is worked by the yellow paper in its exploitation of the vicious and criminal of our cities. The sensa tional manner in which murders, holdups and burglaries are reported, the attribution of "clever" and "skillful" work to safe-blowers, and printing of portraits of depraved and ruffianly persons, the magnifying of sodden, illiterate prize fighters, who have far more space and importance in these sheets than is given to presi dents and kingsthese, and the corre sponding absence of what is gentle, lifting and inspiring to good conduct and clean life, make the yellow paper the most vicious of the influences that act on our majorities todaymore vicious than the damagogue and the saloon.Brooklyn Eagle. A "Starter." Quartermaster Gen. Humphrey in asking congress for money for some new buildings at Fort Keogh wrote to Senator Carter and in his letter said a certain number of buildings would be a "good and proper starter" for what he wanted, says the Kansas City Journal. After the letter was read and an amendment proposed Senator Aldrich said: I would like to ask the senator from Montana what is meant by a 'starter'?" "A 'starter,' Senator Carter replied, "is a technical phrase well under stood in the army." "And else where," interjected Senator Kean. "Usually," Kean continued in a rem iniscent undertone to Senator Aldrich, "it is made of one-third French ver muth and two-thirds dry gin, with a bit of orange peel in it and no bit- ters." "Pshaw," said Aldrich hasti ly, "it would be half-and-half with a globule of absinthe." Its Source of Power. Max Nordau holds the power of the press is due to its being the organ of public opinion, which, before the day of the newspaper, was intangible, without definite shape and formed no one knew how. "As a mere chronicler of news of the day," he says, "the newspaper would have no higher position than that of the barber around the corner, who is its rival, at least as far as local hap penings are concerned. A newspaper which contained nothing but news ex pressed in a dry, objective way would never indeed disturb any government, nor would it sway the public.'' Mr. Nordau regards the newspaper as "the visible embodiment of public opinion," whose rights it assumes "with its judicial power, which it wields in the most fearful form public contempt and moral annihila- tion." "Keep it out of the papers" is the first concern of every wrongdoer who has not become hardened to crime. There is no computing the good news papers do in the case of those who have little regard for the Decalogue but fear publicity. Of course a paper which is not respected itself, if you can imagine a living journal of such a character, could not hold others up to scorn. MIRACULOUS ESCAPE. Miss Helen Lindquist Has Thrilling Ex perience With Runaway Team. Miss Helen Lindquist, daughter of John Lindquist of Milo, had a mi raculous escape from death last Thursday. She was driving down a hill near the Lutheran church at Freer when a tug loosened and this scared the horses, causing them to run away. The pole then broke in two and Miss Lindquist was by some means jerked over the dashboard and landed be tween the front wheels of the vehicle. She, however, held on to the lines and managed in some way while being dragged along the highway to turn the horse's heads towards a fence, where they stopped. Remarkable as it might seem, Miss Lindquist, with the exception of a few scratches, was uninjured. In the vehicle, besides the heroine, were two lady visitors of the Lindquist family from the east and a five-year-old sister of Miss Lind quist, neither of whom were injured. Points in the New Rate Law. The chairman of the executive offi cers committee appointed by all rail roads in America west of Chicago to study the doubtful points in the new i ate law and to secure the advice of counsel on these points, has reported to the Transcontinental Passenger association. The report, in part, is as follows: Land and Immigration Agents Free tra isportation cannot be given land and immigration agents unless they are employes in such sense that the carriers legally could give them transportation as a pass or gratuity. Landseekers and SettlersThere is no authority in law for making lower rates to landseekers and settlers than for other travelers. This seems to knock out the "homeseekers" ex cursions which the western lines all have been running for years. Issue of Transportation in Payment for AdvertisingThe law committee advised that this cannot be done. It is generally accepted, however, that carriers may carry an open account with publishers, and that publishers may carry an open account with carriers for advertising, and that these accounts can be balanced peri odically. The balance must be paid in cash. The committee holds that railway companies operating their own sleep ing cars must publish and file their sleeping-car rates. It holds that the exception of railway mail service em ployees, postoffice inspectors, cus toms inspectors, immigration inspect ors, newsboys on trains, baggage agents and managers of soldiers' homes from the free-pass prohibition permits them to be hauled on per sonal and inidvidual account as well as while on duty. Special reduced rates may be made for federal and state troops, and officers and em ployes of the United States geologi cal survey and reclamation service in the future as in the past. Nuns, sisters of charity, mission aries, evangelists, national or state officers of religious organizations, teachers and pupils in Indian schools, officers of the Salvation Army and Volunteers of America, etc., it is held, may be given free transpor tation. Special rates for army and navy officers and their families, which al ways have been made in the past, are held unlawful. Disastrous Wreck at New Prague. Five are dead and 15 or more in jured as a result of a rear end col lision of a passenger train and a switch enigne in the Minneapolis & St. Louis yards at New Prague, 40 miles south of Minneapolis, at noon Monday. The dead are D. D. De Marais, Minneapolis, traveling sales man for Wyman, Partridge & Co. F. E. Brown, St. Paul, salesman for Foote, Schultze & Co. George E. Klinkerfuss, St. Paul, salesman Got zian & Co. Frank Wrabek, New Prague Arthur Kilmayer, fireman of freight train, Albert Lea, Minn. TOLUME XXX. NO. 42 PREMIDMSAWARDED To Exhibitors at Mille Lacs County Fair Held in Princeton Sept. 13, 14 and 15. Agricultural Display Particularly Good and Fine Blooded Cattle and Horses Shown. Many of the awards upon exhibits have this year been doubled in amount. The management found that the condition of the treasury permitted this increase, although it was not possible to add to the premiums on all exhibits. The winners: HORSES AND MULES. General purpose teamN. G. Orton first. Farmers' driving horseN. G. Or ton first, Frank Henschel second. Three-year-old coltJacob Rudisell first, John Thoma second. Brood mare and coltA. W. Steeves first, John Thoma second. One-year-old coltA. W. Steeves first, John Thoma second. Two-year-old Hambletonian colt Geo. M. Orton first, M. Kaliher sec ond. Three-year-old HambletonianD. McCuaig first. Two-year-old coltJohn Thoma first. English shire stallionRobt. Ayers first. CATTLE. Guernsey cowF. A. Lowell first. Shorthorn calfJ. Rudisell first. Jersey cowElijah Giltner first, E. C. Stark second. Guerney cowF. A. Lowell first. Shorthorn bullGeo. Orton second. Jersey bullE. C. Stark first. Jersey heiferE. C. Stark first. Shorthorn cowE. C. Stark first. Best herdE. C. Stark, special. SHEEP. ^.Best pen, any gradeT. W. Thomp son, special. Best pen ShropshiresT. W. Thompson first. Oxford downT. W. Thompson first. Oxford down lambT. W. Thomp son first. Best pen sheepT. W. Thompson, first, T. W. Thompson second. Shropshire down ewesElmer Or ton first. Marino ewe lambElmer Orton, first. Marino eweElmer Orton second. Shropshire registered ramElmer Orton first. Oxford down eweT. W. Thomp son first. Oxford down ewe lambT. W. Thompson first. POULTRY. White Plymouth Rock chicksL. Orton first. White Leghorn BantamsL. Orton first. Buff Plymouth RocksF. C. Foltz first. Buff Leghorn chicksL. Henschel first. Buff Wyandotte chicksL. Hencshel first. Buff WayndottesL. Henschel first. PigeonsL. Henschel first, August Hiller second. Brown Leghorn chicksAug. Hiller first. W. Steadman, second. Toulouse geeseMrs. Ayers first, G. Hoeft second. Black Pepkin ducksMrs. N. G. Orton first, G. Hoeft second. White Pekin ducksMrs. N. G. Or ton first, G. H. Tomlinson second/ White Holland turkeysMrs. N. G. Orton first. Brown Bantam chicksC. Grow first. Silver Spangled HamburgsChas. Hiller first, L. Rocheford second. Sherwood sR. P. Morton first. Barred Plymouth RocksMrs. F. C. Foltz first. Brown LeghornsAug. Hiller first, Chas. Hiller second. Black MinorcasChas. Hiller first. Silver spangled Hamburg chicks Aug. Hiller first. White Leghorn chicksAug. Hiller first. White LeghornsAug. Hiller first. Brown BantamsE. C. Stark first. BUTTER AND CHEESE. Jar dairy butterMrs. A. Bryson first, Mrs. Chas. Hiller second. CheeseMrs. Aug. Hiller first. Jar print butterMrs. F. A. Lowell, special. Jar creamery butterGlendorado creamery first. FRUITS. Crab applesRobt. Ayers first, Mrs. Aug. Hiller second. Duchess applesMrs. Robt. Ayers first, Mrs. Chas. Hiller second. Wealthy applesMrs. Rose Patter' son first. PlumsMrs. F. A. Lowell first. i 4p l&d&i 1 -sV'i