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"Real Captain of Industry,"
It is not improbable that the youth of Mr. Oliver appeals to the president as favorably as any other of his quali ties. Mr. Roosevelt, as the world knows, likes to put young men for ward. Young Mr. Oliver is called "a real captain of industry." A list of his enterprises goes far toward proving his claim to this title. In fact, he has so many strings to his industrial fiddle, or, rather, so many brigades of work men under his direction, that he might be called a major genera! of industry. On the Southern railway, the Cincin nati Southern railway and the Tide water railway this young commander has contracts for the construction of nearly 500 miles of road the aggre gate, nis work on the Southern rail way includes a tunnel through the fa mous Lookout mountain at Chattanoo ga, Inch is one of the marvels of en gineering, in the heart of the moun tain a great cavern was encountered, flowing trom which is a stream of wa ter sixty-fhe feet deep. It is neces sary to build a steel bridge across the cavern er, so the Lookout mountain tunnel will be a scenic railway la it self. Mr. Oliver has just completed the practical rebuilding of the Louis ville and Nashville between Knoxville and Atlanta and is said to be negotiat ing for more work on that railroad. But there is still another line of con struction work in which he leads. He is said to be the most successful con crete contractor in America. He has built and is building bridges, business blocks, viaducts and various other structures re-enforced concrete, a comparatively new construction mate rial. The re-enforced concrete method was imported a few years ago from France. Mr. Oliver is perhaps the principal concrete contractor now op erating in the United States. That is his specialty. He is considered an ex pert in concrete work. At Knoxville, Tenn., where he lives, Mr. Oliver is owner of a large plant that manufactures all manner of con struction machinery, even to the loco motives employed. He owns nearly a million dollars' worth of such machin ery, which is constantly employed on his various contracts under subcon tractors and foremen. Worked For Himself at Twenty-three. William J. Oliver was born in a suburb of South Bend, Ind. At the age of sixteen he got a job as clerk for a man engaged in railroad con struction. He was bookkeeper for a time and then became a foreman of William J. Oliver, Who Wants to Dig the Canal Only Thirty-nine Years Old, but a Contractor Who Has Done Big Things. "A Real Captain of Industry"An Expert In Concrete Work, Who Is Said to Be the Biggest Railroad Builder In the SouthHis Backer, Frederick C. Stevens, a Successful Financier, Has Charge of a Vast Canal Fund. R.OBER.TU LOVE. JUSTBnoofinterestemS the American public is highly in the person ality Willia J. Oliver, the contractor who may build the Panama canal, and in that of Freder ick C. Stevens, his financial backer. I The public is interested in anybody who looks big enough actually to un dertake and perform this very impor tant but nevertheless pesky job. So I many men have marched up the hill ,and then marched down again, doing I little or nothing toward the consum mation devoutly to be wished, that the patient public is beginning to yawn. Now it appears that Mr. Oliver will be the contractor. He is a young man, only thirty-nine, but he seems to have done things. One enthusiast calls him Theodore Roosevelt No. 2. This char acterization, of course, refers to his strenuity. He is said to be the biggest railroad contractor in the south. Great railroad works are progressing in the south, and to be the chief figure in constructing these means something. It is estimated that Mr. Oliver is now engaged in construction work which will aggregate in cost about $32,000,- 000. The fund now available for all the great land reclamation projects undertaken by the United States gov ernment in the semiarid west is but little more than that sum. Mr. Oliver's undertakings therefore put him in the class of those who do big things. construction. When he was twenty three he determined henceforward to work for himself. With an outfit of fifteen teams, he secured a small rail road grading contract, completed it at a profit, then tackled a bigger proposi tion. He then lived at Langley, S. O. Five years ago he removed to Knox ville, Tenn., to be more nearly at the center of his operations, which had grown to amazing magnitude. This Indiana boy is now said to have assets of about $3,000,000, earned in sixteen years of hustling for himself. Railroad officials are quoted as say ing that they like to have Oliver do work for them, as he turns over the completed job without any legal en cumbrances, which means that he pays as he goes along. How Lewis Figured In It. Mr. Oliver was the first man to sug gest that the Panama canal be dug by contract. He thought over the matter for months, then sent his chief engi neer to Panama to make a close in spection and report, with a view to presenting a bid for the job. The en gineer's report was placed in the hands of Alfred Henry Lewis of New York, an all round author, who whipped it into literary shape in his well known style. This literary document, it is understood, was laid before President Roosevelt and Secretary Taft and no doubt had some weight in influencing them favorably toward the prospective bidder for the building of the canal. Great is the literary physician and surgeon,! Mr. Oliver has a magnificent home on the Tennessee river at Knoxville called Cherokee Place. He loves social life, is a clubman and an active Elk, but does not permit the club or the lodge to interfere ith his spending much time at home with his wife and four chil dren. Not long ago at an amateur theat rical entertainment in Knoxville a lo cal life insurance agent sang a song in which Mr. Oliver was the hero. It had to do with his building a railroad to the moon. So pleased was the con tractor that he called the agent into his office the next day and took $25,000 worth of Me insurance on the pot. Frederick C. Stevens, the financial backer of Hr. Oliver in the Panama canal project, is another interesting character. He is much better (known at the national capital and in New York financial circles than Is Mr. Oli ver. Mr. Stevens has been in politics. He served two terms in the New York state senate and tried to get into (con gress, but was prevented by Congress man Wadsworth, who wanted to stay there himself. Last fall Mr. Stevens, according to fairly good authority, financed the campaign of Peter A. Porter, whose eiriblem was a cow,anfi Mr. Porter defeated Mr. Wadsworth, who had been the chief upholder of the beef trust in congress. ine naiiMAmitnuiai have cost Mr. Stevens $50,000 to bring Jines, says the Canadian Forestry Jour- about the retirement of his ancient aal. A contract has been let for a enemy, but he could stand it, having email acreage of breaking near Wolse- Inherited $3,000,000 from his father and 1*J on which it is the intention'to ex- multiplied it by at least three through pertinent with tamarack for ties. A hisI owsn operations in banking and oth- piece of groundt is also tokbe planted Senator Stevens was chairman of the tamarack for the same purpose. Over famous gas commission which investi- 100 miles of trees are to be planted gated the New York gas trust. He se- between Winnipeg and Calgary for lected as counsel to this commission snow breaks, and at several stations Charles E. Hughes, a lawyer not in trees are to be planted around the politics. Senator Stevens also insisted station grounds, and prizes are to be upon having the life insurance compa- offered the section foremen who make nies investigated, though Governor the best showing. Higgins of New York held that there was no reason for such an inquiry. Mr. Hughes was counsel in this Investiga tion also. When Mr. Hughes became governor of New York last January he Reynolds' Newspaper says that when appointed Frederick C. Stevens super- he removed his astrakhan hat and the intendent of public works, greatly to the chagrin of James W. Wadsworth, who two years ago had caused Stevens to be retired from the state senate by a gerrymander. Mr. Stevens was not only tmsquelch ed, but he was just starting out on his career apparently. As Paul Jones re- marked, "I have just begun to fight." His enemies saw him appointed to a post in which he would have the ex penditure of $101,000,000 for the en largement of the Erie canal, next to the Panama canal the greatest engi neering project in the world. And Gov ernor Hughes appointed him without consulting any politicians. It was like a bombshell bursting in the camp of the machine statesmen. Governor Hughes, elected on his record, regarded Mr. Stevens as a fit man to have charge of the vast canal fundErie ca nal, rememberand made him superin tendent of public works. Now Mr. Stevens comes forward as financial backer to Contractor Oliver, Hvhose bid on the Panama canal job was the lowest submitted. Mr. Oliver proposes to take the responsibility of seeing that the canal is dug and con creted, its entrances dredged, its locks built and everything put in proper ship shape for the passage of ships from ocean to ocean, his compensation to be 6.75 per cent of the cost of construc tion. This means that if the canal shall cost $200,000,000 the contractor will get $13,500,000 for his services. Some figurer estimates that it will cost only about $140,000,000. It may fee finished In six years and maybe not for twelve years. The contract will set a definite term, the contractor to get a bonus for each month under that term or pay a forfeit for each month over the limit. Mr. Stevens says that his work will be merely the financing of the contract or in the event of the Oliver bid be ing finally accepted and the contract irrevocably clinched. Only $5,000,000 capitalization is required. "I already have the promise of eleven times that amount if needed," says Mr. Stevens. It is of present interest to note that the father of Mr. Stevens was a rail road contractor. He built the Missouri, Kansas and Texas railway, just to mention one monumental work. The son went to Washington about fifteen years ago and engaged in the broker age business. Later he got into the banking line and was prominent in Washington financial circles, but he always retained his residence in the town of Attica, N. Y.f where he was born fifty years ago. Would Use Negro Labor. Mr. Oliver states that if he builds the canal he will do it chiefly with ne gro labor. He has suggested hereto fore that the government should use negroes from the United States rather than those from the West Indies or the Chinese coolies. Mr. Oliver says that the very best hands (for railroad con struction work are the southern ne groes. He has worked them extensive ly. According to reports, he has ad vanced a rather novel notion. This is to hav the southern states or cities pass vagrancy laws, compelling idle men to move on. The object would be to make it uncomfortable for idle ne groes to remain in the southern states. Mr. Oliver thus hopes to "corral" them and hire them on the construction work in Panama, where he thinks they could stand the climate as well as the work, perhaps better. Recently a yoanger brother of Mr. Oliver, associated with him in railroad contract work, was indicted by the federal grand jury at Knoxville, with several others, on charges of peonage. It was alleged that these men had held about a hundred negroes against their will in Ji railroad camp in the Chilho wee mountains, compelling them to work and not permitting them to ha\e personal liberty. The trial resulting from the indictments lasted five days, during which W. J. Oliver sat in court and assisted the defendants. He strongly asserted their innocence of the charge of peonage. One defendant was convicted, but the jury divided as to the others, so the case will be retried. In ease Mr. Oliver should try his proposed experiment of employing the surplus negroes of he south on the ca nal work at would be interesting socio logically at any xate, though the aver age mind may be unable to grasp the problem of inducing a negro or any other man to work on the canal strip When he will not woik at home. The original intention of Uncle Sam was to dig the big ditch himself. The proposition of putting the whole proj ect into the hands of a contractor, just as a railroad company lets out a con struction job, developed later after the work had begun. Just ,how this plan Will work out is up to the man who gets the contract. He will be building for posterity. His name -will pass Into history. The searchlights of all the world will be turned upox him during the years consumed in the work. Therefore it behooves the eana digger to look to his laurels. Tree Planting by Canadian Railway. The Canadian Pacific Railway com pany has begun tree planting on quite It is said to -an extensive scale along its western at Medicine Ha with jac pine and An Uncomfortable Crown. Describing the coronation of the new shah of Persia, a correspondent of vlzier placed upon his head the tiara the vizier mistook the back of the crown for the front and had to read just it. The weight of the diadem was so great that the shah had to sup port it with both hands, and, judging from the expression of the royal coun tenance, he did not find It comfortable. THE PMNOETOSr TTKIOH8, THTJBSDAY, FEBBtTABTF' WffSO'. NEWSOFSCANDINAVIA Recent Occurrences of Interest in Sweden, Norway and Denmark. 8EW THEATER AT STOCKHOLM Exclusive Literary Set of the City Will _" Be the Patrons of a Unique Playhouse. SWEDEN. Stockholm. A theater, which in many respects will be a departure from the conven tional opera house or Swedish "teater," "will be erected in Stockholm in the near future by Theater Director Falck and will be known as "The Literary theater." It will be completed in Sep tember next and the economic end of It has already been vouchsafed by sub stantial business men of Stockholm, Malmo and Helsingborg. The theater will be characteristically simple in all its appointments and will be modeled after the Kleines theater in Berlin, and will have a seating capacity of 500. The walls of the theater will have no decorations, but Swedish ar tists will be given the privilege of here exhibiting their paintings free of charge. The exclusive literary set of Stockholm will constitute the patrons of this unique playhouse and only those plays of strictly literary and dramatic value will here be rendered. The first series of plays will be from the pen of August Strindberg, the Initiatory play to be given being his charming Dromspelet (Dream Play). No restaurant or buffet will be erected in connection with the new theater. The literary and critically inclined people of Stockholm are much inter ested, for now they can have a theater which they can really call their own. The directors of the Separator com pany at their annual meeting decided to issue applications for more stock, about 600 shares, at 1,000 crowns each, thus making the maximum capital stock of the company 60.000,000 crowns. The De Laval cream sapara tor is known the world over and is in general use all over the United States. Perhaps no other Swedish invention has Tieen so useful to the world as the De Laval cream separator and the separator company is now one of the largest business institutions in Sweden. The new Gustav Vasa church, which has but recently been completed at an expenditure of 1,009,107 crowns, has proven to be an expensive under taking by the communicant members, who now have to raise a sum of 40,- 000 crowns, which represents the ex tra sum of money it took to complete this massive edifice. A series of con certs and entertainments have been arranged for the season and every thing is being done to pay up this large debt. The edifice is now one of the most beautiful to its style in all Sweden. A large "fest hair with a seating capacity of 12,000 will be erected in the near future near Sture street in Stockholm. The money to be ex pended on this structure will be raised by popular subscription and about 10,- 000 crowns have already been secured. In this immense haTl will be held all the great annual song festivals and in ternational sporting tournaments. Stockholmians generally are enthusi astic over the prelect and little doubt is entertained that the necessary funds will soon be forthcoming. Erik Hakansson is the name of a ^promising young actor who died a few -days ago in Yei.ile sanatorium in Den mark from a fatal attack of tuber culosis. Although orfry 26 years old he mad already gained a place for him self in the stage world, which might well be envied. He was the leading man with his mother, Julia Hakans son's theatrical company and wher ever he appeared he scored suc cesses. rowu Princess Victoria is seriously ill in Karlsruhe and there are grave apprehensions anent her condition. Crown Prince Gustaf "has departed for Karlsruhe. King Oscar on the con trary is improving gradually and has during the past few days been able to walk about in his rooms. His ap petite shows a marked improvement and lii temperature is absolutely normal. Charlotte Bergstrom, a well known and pupolar actress in Sweden, died in Copenhagen Jan. 12. She was born in Stockholm and made her debut when but 10 years old with Pierre Deland's company and appeared for a number of years in every country town of any consequence until 1878 when she re tired. She was married to Gustaf Bergstrom, a theatrical director, in 1S63. The population of Gothenburg is now 155,737, showing an increase of 3,720 during the last year. No city in Sweden has shown such a marked in crease in population. Next in order comes Malmo, with a population of 75,101, showing an increase of 3,133. Sweden has now twenty-three cities With a population of over 10,000 peo ple. W. T. Stead, the world renowned writer and traveler, who ha.s been SDending the past few weeks in Rome, is expected to visit Stockholm. Dur ing his sojourn in Stockholm Mr. Stead will be the guest of Baron Taum on Fano and Lord Barnsskow on Stora Sundby. Mr. Stead will visit Norway some time next month. Since the death of Bishop Charle vllle, the nestors among Sweden's Mshops are Bishops Ullmann and Jo hansson, both of whom were born in 1837. The youngest bishop in the country is Bishop Bergquist, who was born in 1862. The Riksbank (National bank) of Stockholm has opened an account with the National City bank of New York and has been doing business with that banking institution since Jan. 1. NORWAY. Christiana. In a latter to Foreign Minister Lov land, who is president of the Nobel committee, President Roosevelt, who Was awarded the peace prize, Dec. 10 last, writes that he will value the dip loma and medal as long as he lives and after his death they will be as highly prized by his children. The president, in informing Minister Lov land of the disposition of the money part of the prize, adds that peace among the various classes of society in modern civilization is of just as great importance as peace between na tions. He believed, therefore, that the use to which he was putting the money was entirely in sympathy with the aims of the Nobel foundation. Captain Otto Sverdrup, who was captain of the ciew of the famous "Fram," has become a plantation own er in Cuba and is at present visiting his old home in Christiania. The cap tain thrives well in Cuba, where he now owns 1.400 acres of land on which he has planted 30,000 banana trees. A number of his friends will accompany him to his return to Cuba and may de termine to locate there. A number of English and German journalists have been invited to at tend the Winter Carnival of Sports in Tiondhjem this month. The execu tive committee of the carnival associ ation has been authorized to pay their fares going and coming from their re spective destination. Eggs to the value of 1,100,000 crowns have been sent from Stavan ger to Christiania during the past six months. The egg industry in Stavan ger and vicinity has been a great thing for the farmers there and some of them are now in comparatively good! circumstances. The earthquake shock which passed over Norway Jan. 10 was distinctly felt in Christiania. People rushed from their beds and many ran out of their houses. The shock was felt in the Mjos meadows, but was but slight ly felt in Bergen and Trondhjem. Much Norwegian capital finds its way to Swedish banks nowadays in order that the tax commission may be avoided. The Vermland Private bank (Swedish) is advertising its rate of in terest in Norwegian papers and is se curing many patrons. E. Hay has been appointed Brit ish consul in Christiania. Mr. Hay has for a number of years been in the consular service, having been in South American republics and on the con tinent. His last post was in Bordeaux, France. The site for the king's villa has now been chosen, viz., on a commanding point in Holmenkollen, where an ex cellent view can be had over the sur rounding country. Building on the villa will commence some time next May. An English company, known as the Alma Wood Export company, has been organized with headquarters in Holme Strand The capital involved is 25,- 000 crowns. A number of Christiania business men are also inteiested. Bergen has now a population of 82,- 000 and is growing more rapidly than anv other Norwegian city at the pres ent time. Bergen, too, does a larger export business than any other city in the country. The population of Christiania is now 228,000. During the year of 1906 there were 0,033 births and 2,936 denrbs. The population of the city is therefore on a slow increase. Bergen's representative in the Nor wegian maritime commission, Olaf O. Bergh, has declined a reappointment. His successor has as yet not been chosen. DENMARK. Copenhagen. According to newspaper reports, King Fredrick has founded a new or der to be known as a "husorden" in memory of his esteemed father, King Christian. The decoration consists of an oval silver-shield in the center of which Is engraved the king's name. On the shield is mounted the royal crownall in gold. Originally it was King Fredrick's intention that the dec oration should be awarded to only members of the royal household on the anniversary day of King Christian's death. A number of these orders were, however, awarded to a few members of the Danish royal family prior to Jan. 1 of this year. Peter Peterson's farm house and outbuildings in Tollerup were burned to the ground Jan. 14. A large num ber of horses and cattle were burned and the occupants of the house barely escaped with their lives. Two servant girls employed on the place have since confessed that they put fire to the house because they tired of their work. They also confessed that their plans were to poison the entire fami ly. The two girls have been placed under arrest, but will, owing to their age, be sriven a lenient punishment. A new steamship company has been organized in Copenhagen for traffic on the North sea and the Baltic. The company will have its headquarters in Copenhagen and will be known as the Stanton Steamship company. One large steamer has been purchased in Gothenburg and two new steamers have been ordered from Burmeister & Wain In Helsingborg. MARION 8. NORELIUS. ft 'r i it f u,i*i. u" "V, ,11 PROFESSIONAL CARDS. R. D. A. McRAE PRINCETON?i B1.0Ck 8 DENTIST d-d Fe W r\R. F. L. SMALL, JIAN MINN DENTIST. Office hours 9 a. m. to 12 m. 2 p. m. to 6 p. m. Oyer E. B. Anderson's store, tr Minn. Princeton, ROSS CALEY, M. D., Office ANI J.A. ROSS, FUNERAL DIRECTOR. u1 1 cha *J? rill a ta "H SUBGEON. an Residence over Jack's Drug Store, Tel.Rural. 36. Princeton, DLVERO MCMILLAN, MInn LAWYER. Office in Odd Fellows' Building. Princeton, %&m. ATTORNEY AT LAW. in Carew Block, Princeton. Main StreeOffice BUSINESS CARDS. V^n. KAL1HER, BARBER SHOP & BATH ROOMS. A fine line of Tobacco and Cigars. Main Street, Princeton. I OUIE HORSTMAN, TONSORIAL PARLORS. The latest styles in hair cutting." Everything First class. (Brown's old stand.) First Street, Princeton. E. A. ROSS, rge of dead bodies when aesired Coffins and caskets of the latest styles always stock. Also Springfield metalics. Dealer In Monuments of all kinds. E A.Rosa Princeton, Minn. Telephone No.30. R. E. LYNCH, ^^IABLEWELLJ)RILLER._ Twenty years in the well business. Can give perfect satisfaction If you want a good well call on or address E. LYNCH, Zimmerman, Minn. NORTHWESTERN HOSPITAL AND SANITARIUM. PRINCETON. MINN. Long Distance 'Phone 313. Centrally located. All the comforts of home life. Unexcelled service. Equipped with every modern convenience for the treatment and the cure of the sick and the invalid All forms of Electrical Treatment, Medical Baths, Massage. X-ray Laboratory, Trained Nurses in attend ance Only non-contagious diseases admitted, Charges reasonable Trained Nurses furnished for sickness in private families. Staff of Physicians and Surgeons, H. COONEY, M. D. Chief of Staff. K. WHITTEMORE, M. H. BACON. M. R. HIXSON, M. G. BOSS CALEY, D., K. CALDWELL. A ALDBICB, M. J^ WHITIN3, MISS HONORA BRENNAN, Supt. CZ: CJ J*Q.51? I Supplied by Agent* Everywhere, er JHEO. HAMM BREWING CO., ST. PAVL. MINN. First Publication Feb 19(7 Notice of Cancellation. Princeton, Minn., February 6, 1907. To Chauney K. Young. You are hereby notified that in ac cordance with the conditions of the contract made and entered into by and between Thomas H. Caley and you the said Chauney K. Young on the 18th day of Apri], 1904, for the sale by the said Thomas H. Caley to you the said Chauney K. Young ot the piece or parcel of land situate in the county of Mille Lacs and state of Minnesota, described as the southwest quarter of the southwest quarter of section thirty six (36) in township thirty-nine (39), range twenty-six (26), payment of the sum of one hundred ($100) dollars under the terms of said contract was due on the 18th day of April, 1905: and the sum of one hundred and twenty ($120) dollars was due on the 18th day of April, 1906 said sums be ing the whole of the amount unpaid on said contract and that no part of the same has been paid and you the said Chauney K. Young are further notified that the sum of two hundred and twenty ($220) being'said unpaid payments, and the interest specified in said contract amounting at this date to twenty-six and 44-100 ($26.44) dol lars and being two hundred and fortv six and 44-100 ($246.44 dollars in all are now due and payable and that this contract shall be cancelled and determined unless you the said Chauney K. Young within thirty (30) days from the service of this notice upon you pay or cause to be paid to the said Thomas H. Caley the several amounts specified in said contract and interest thereon. The sum ofa money bee paide to TIU Th H. Calecan at th offic of ma Ihe Cale Hardwarer company uin?SJSn'yM inn -t on before oth, 1907. a a 5* in J* Marcat THOMAS H. CALEY. A*