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IN MEMORYOF BRAVE Befitting Ceremonies Held in Prince- ton in Honor of Our Soldiers Who Are Laid to Rest. Rev. J. W. Heard Delivers Patriotic Address at flethodist Church to Large Assemblage. Today the American nation pays tribute to the memory of its soldier heroes who have passed beyondto the brave men who readily responded to their country's call when that coun try was in danger. It is Memorial Day (Decoration Day), the one day in all the year set apart for befitting religious observance in honor of our dead soldiers and the decoration of their graves with the flowers of the springtime. It is a day that should not be desecrateda day ^aat, above all others, should appeal to the rever ential qualities of Americans whether they be at home or abroad. It is the nation's day of mourning for the brave. Princeton is observing this day with due reverencewith true patriotism. Its business houses were closed this afternoon and its residents generally attended the impressive services at the Methodist church in commemora tion of those who fell in battle for the Union's cause and veteransnot less heroicwho followed after to the grave. [n addition to the people of Prince ton present at the ceremonies, many were there from surrounding towns, including a number of the old boys in blue. As announced in last week's Union the members of Wallace T. Rines post and other veterans met in the armory hall and from there marched, under commander Charles Judkins, to the Methodist church, where the Memorial Day program was presented. The edifice was packed to its doors. The ceremony commenced with the invocation, pronounced by Rev. Geo. A. Swertfager, and the program here under, a very impressive and patriotic one, folio wed: Song Tenting In the Sunshine". ...Choir Memorial Exercise. Seventeen Children Selection Male Quartett Memorial Day Address Rev. J. W. Heard Lincoln Gettysburg Address .A. Norton Flag Drill Sixteen Young Ladies Song "America' Audience Benediction. Iiev. G. A Swertfager The oration of Rev. J. W. Heard was a most touching tribute to the dead and was delivered in a masterful manner. In substance the address was as follows: A wife, angered at her husband, taunted him with the question, ''What have you ever done for your coun- try?" He replied, "Didn't I marry you?" You will not, of course, since you have invited me to address you, taunt me with a question like that. Yet I never appear before a company of soldiers without asking myself, ''What have you done for your country in comparison with these soldiers?" Therefore I am inclined today to question my own right to speak of deeds in which I took no part, which I know only by hearsayand to the men who did the deeds. It is usually agreed, however, by philosophers of history, that a certain distance of time from an event, is necessary in order to get proper prospective to judge its importance and value. You men were too near the Civil war, and are yet, to take its full measure. As partakers in it you are too modest, as true heroes always are, to glorify your selves. You simply and faithfully did your duty and, at the time at least, were not even conscious that you were engaged in a war that for magnitude and glorious sacrifice and for thrilling heroism has no parallel in the annals of history. So then I may see things you do not see and say what you would not care to say of the deeds you yourselves did. I do not expect to say anything new, nor old things in a new way. There are some old things of which we never weary. There are old songs that are ever new. So my task will be an easy one. I have but to start the song. irour hearts are already in tune. And the truths and deeds of which we speak are great enough to fill our souls with perennial light and inspiration. We meet today throughout our great nation to decorate the graves of sol diers who have been killed in battle or died as a result of wounds or from any cause. There are many soldiers' graves throughout our land. It brings vividly to us a fact that is full of pathos. The great race of man is moving on. When Washington died the cry went up throughout our land, "The Friend of Liberty is no more!" So they go great and small, into the "unknown country." And most of the race has dropped into oblivion. Their names and their graves are un known. But I venture to say that as long as history is read, as long as the world lasts, so long will the soldiers of the sixties be remembered, many of them by nameall of them as soldiers of the Grand Army of the Republic or the Grand Army of Confederate Vet erans. It is nattural on this day to review the past. While we decorate with flowers and flags the graves of the dead, we cultivate also the flower of memory in our hearts. This is well for us all, it keeps our hearts tender and to the young is a source of living inspiration. Much of the war was prosaic indeed to those who fought it through. We of this generation must not lose sight of that. While we think and speak of great feats of valor and great deeds of great generals we must not forget the common soldier, who endured long marches, the lonely picket pacing backward and forward through long night watches, the starv ing prisoner dispairing of ever seeing his home again, nor the women and children who stayed at home and managed the stores and cultivated the soil and thus became the sinew and backbone of the army. It is now pro posed that the next monument erected be to these faithful, courageous women, whose hearts though so tender never broke under their load, whose services of love in the hospital and camp, in business and on the farm are not to be surpassed even by deeds of valor upon the field of battle. God bless our noble women! Nor must we lose sight of the pur pose of the war. Most wars have been wars of conquest. In our Civil war it was the biggest fighter of them all, the one who fought "all summer" and all winter, who said, "Let us have peace." Though he fought the hard est he hated war the most. This man traveling as an ex-president in Eng- iiiiiiinii i mm 11 WALLACE T. RINES D. A. CALEY B. F. WHITNEY JHO. F. WEDGEWOOD W. H. SHAW NOAH GATES PHINEAS GATES GEO. W. BIGELOW JOHN A. KELLY ISAAC HEATH E. M. HEATH A. J. STANLEY THOMAS WILSON M. GARLINGHOUSE AUGUST BOYN S. B. WHITCOMB W. A. DAVIS A. G. PLUMMER JOHN B. AUSTIN MYRICK OLIVER WALTERS G. W. DUNTON MIKE RICE I. H. ESTES G. W. TAYLOR land was greatly honored. Among other honors there was proposed by the Duke of Cambridge, a review of the English army. And then General and Ex-Priesident Grant replied: "A military review is the one thing I never hope to see again." And the greatest general on the other side said to an American lady: 'Do not teach your children to hate, teach them that they are Americans. I thought that we were better off as one nation than two, and I think so now." These great leaders and the men under them did not fight for the fight's sake. That would have been brutal ^hd^M^^^^^^mM^A,^^i^^ PRINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, MAY 30, 190?. OUR HONORED SOLDIER DEAD to Kit PM i^MiMHHMEste W %w to ALEX MARTIN SILAS HOWARD P. P. FARRINGTON F. M. NORTHWAY HIRAM MILLETT M. C. SAUSSER EDWARD LARKIN REUBEN M. MAYO HENRY APPLEGATE BARRETT CARTER A. B. SHUTE W. H. TOWLE JOHN CORMACK I. S. GOULD WALTER CARTER H. P. CLARK E. KUHLMAN L. GARLINGHOUSE CHARLES H. RINES ARTHUR F. HOWARD CHARLES B. ROGERS CORNELIUS H. CHUTE JOHN McMINN LEWIS LICKEY JOHN BARRY like the fight of the pugilist with no motive outside of the fight. They fought rather to settle a fight, one that had been waged since the Republic be gan. There had been compromise after compromise over two great ques tions. I am not prepared to deny but that compromise was necessary to save the life of the infant Rebuplic. But whether from wisdom or necessity or cowardice the settling of these two great questions of human and state rights was postponed from one gener ation to another. However it remains true that the life of man on the earth is a life of progress toward perfection. IMHMMI mm And there are questions that must be solved, that cannot be put off forever except the race of men stood still each generation "where their fathers stood." Then, in the fullness of time, many perhaps on both sides blinded by passion, in about the only way they knew how to do it, the North and the South said "Let us go to war and settle these questions now and settle them forever." Of course I am speak ing in figure. There was literally no such cold blooded and deliberate agreement. This war was literally plunged into in a blind, hot-headed way and then in that first battle there seemed as great anxiety and haste on the part of some to get out of it. Yet, nevertheless, it remains true that the great God of battles used the blind passions of men, their folly and waste and sacrifice to work out the great problem of the rights of the black man on the earth. From a constitu tional standpoint his rights are as sured, but from a practical standpoint we have yet far to go. And I want to remind you of the fact that only last week in a northern city, in a northern state, all but five of a large graduat ing class in a high school refused to appear at the commencement because a black boy had earned and been awarded the honor of valedictorian. I would like to propose three cheers, not for that class but for the courag- eous superintendent of schools who would not give in to their demands for the black boy who stood- and said his piece and the five of* the class who stood by him. It appears to me chat the black man may be in the same perdicainent as the gentleman when a dog stood in his pathway showing his teeth. While he hesitated over the situation a stranger said to him, "that dog won't bite, see how he wags his tail." "But look at his teeth," said the man. "But look at his tail," said the stranger. "But," replied the man, I do not know which end speaks the truth." The black man has yet to learn whether the constitu tion of the United States, "All men are created free and equal," sup ported by the fourteenth amendment and sealed with the blood of the flower of American youth, whether that constitution speaks the truth throughout the whole extent of our vast domain. It is not difficult to pick from among the great, men of that period the greatest of them all. There were many unselfish men who worked not for glory and fame but for lovethere was one most unselfish of all. There were many that ranked high in gen eralship, but one, their commander in-chief who out-ranked them all. There were many statesmen of great political sagacity he was the greatest of them all. He was a prophet of great insight. He knew the meaning of events and saw their trend. He read the hearts of men and divined the heart and purposes of the unseen God, the master spirit brooding over the world's chaos and working it into order and harmony and peace. The man of that period who stands out pre-eminent like the Saul of Israel, head and shoulders above people and generals and statesmen the greatest man of the age who looms up greater and greater as the years go byis Abraham Lincoln. Rough hewn like the country that nourished him, angu lar in feature and form as the fence rails he split in his youth yet in his bearing like a king among men in his spirit having the courage of a Cour de Leon in his heart the tender ness and love of a woman loving truth as Socrates loved it with all his soul, and loving his fellowmen in a loving sacrifice like that of Jesus Christ. Matthew Arnold said in derision "The British conception of God is a magnified Lord Shaftsbury." Likewise we may say in truth and not derisionThe American conception of a Christlike man is Abraham Lincoln. Of the generals of that period I will mention two, one from each side of that great conflict. General Lee never appeared to greater advantage than in defeat. On that fateful day when General Gordon sent the message, I have fought my corps to a frazzle and I fear I can do nothing unless I am heavily supported by Longstreet's corps," General Lee--saMr'--Then nothing is left me but to go and see General Grant and I would rather die a thousand deaths." There were many officers about and some, con vulsed by passion and grief, spoke wild words. One said, "Oh general what will history say of the surrender of an army in the field?" He replied, "Yes I know they will say hard things of us: they will not understand how we are overwhelmed by numbers. But that is not the question, colonel, the question is Is it right to sur render this army? If it is right then I will take all the responsibility." In that spirit he went to see General Grant, "dressed in his best uniform as a mark of respect to Grant, unbent by misfortune and sustaining by his example the spirits of his defeated comrades." One who had seen him be fore in the hour of defeat and the hour of victory and accompanied him to that little brick house, now famous in history, described him as "self poised and modest bearing on his great breast a mountain-load of woe, with the light of an unclouded consci ence upon his majestic brow, with an ignate dignity and nobility of spirit rarely equaled." So shone the cen tral figure of the Confederate cause in the hour of supremest trial. On the other hand was General Grant, quiet, modest and unassuming, with his old slouch hat and army overcoat, and no sign of his rank upon his person. I have frequently read and have heard it said from the lips of one who saw that scene, that Lee might easily have been taken for the victor and Grant for the con quered. Perhaps he felt like the Duke of Wellington, asked by a lady, "What is a victory like?" "The greatest tragedy in the world, madam, except a defeat." There sat the man of peace, "serious and silent, absorbed in thought and evidently seeking to withdraw the bitter sting of defeat from the quivering sensibilities of his great antogonist." It was of this man Confederate General Longstreet said to General Lee, I know General Grant well enough to say that the terms of surrender would be such you would demand under similar circum stances." And they were, as simple and generous and loving as a brother could make them. It is General Gor don's tribute to General Grant that he rose to a still higher plane if pos sible "by his subsequent threat of self-immolation on the altar of a soldier's honor and by his heroic dec laration of the inviolability and protecting power of Lee's parole, and by invoking with almost his dyings i Him MINNESOTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY," Iff VOLUME XXXI. NO. 23 A