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FARMERSJNSTITUTE A Successful Farmers' Institute Held
at nilaca With Over Three Hundred in Attendance. Matters of Interest to Farmers and Dairymen Ably Discussed by Institute Conductors. Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather about 300 farmers assem bled in Presley's hall, Milaca, last Monday to listen to A. D. Wilson, of the St. Anthony Park state experi mental farm, and F. B. McLeran, a practical and successful farmer of Wrenshall, Carleton county, ably dis cuss the business principles of farm ing, rotation of crops, how Ito make dairying pay and other matters that interested farmers. The institute opened immediately after the arrival of the morning train from Duluth. Mr. Wilson was the first speaker and he received the closest attention of the large audi ence. He dwelt on the importance of applying strict business methods to farming, and urged the necessity of the farmer knowing the results of his operationswhat his crop of wheat cost and the net profit, if any, there from what his oat crop brought him above expenses the amount of butter fat derived from each cow in his herd, etc. The farmers who heed the advice offered by Mr. Wilson will profit thereby. Mr. McLeran filled in the balance of the forenoon, discussing the impor tance of organization among the farm ers and drew illustrations from the work of a farmers' organization at Wrenshall, known as "The Farmers Progressive Association." In this organization the farmers have regu lar meetings and decide on definite lines of endeavor such as all engag ing in raising the same breeds of live stock, same varieties of vegetables, grains, etc., and thus make that sec tion famous for those products and enable a buyer to obtain them in quantity there. Mr. Wilson opened the afternoon meeting with an address on ''Clover*' and laid especial stress on the profit able feature of raising clover for seed. He cited an instance that oc curred at Wadena this year where a farmer sold 600 bushels of clover seed at $10 per bushel, receiving a total of $6,000 for the crop. In addition to the value of the seed produced the clover enriches the soil with nitro genous matter and places it in an ideal condition for other crops, while the clover straw has a feeding value. Mr. McLeran followed with a dis cussion of the dairy cow and ex plained the type of cow that is most desirable for the production of milk, the best methods of feeding and car ing for the herd, and gave some inter esting statistics of the results at the Grand Rapids experimental farm in the feeding and care of "scrub" or common cows. He laid emphasis on kind treatment of cows and proper care. The institute was closed by Mr. Wil son with a lecture on the rotation of crops. He illustrated the value of proper rotation and cited various ex periments at the St. Anthony Park station. At the station certain tracts are planted every year to the same kind of crop and the contrast between the yield thereon and adjoining tracts that are treated to rotation is very striking. Messrs. Wilson and McLeran were greatly pleased with the large crowd of thinking, progressive farmers pres ent and the keen interest that was manifested in the proceedings, as was evidenced by the numerous interroga tories that were propounded to the speakers. That the institute will re sult in much good to the farmers of the vicinity there is not the least doubt. Basket Social. A basket social will be given by the members of the Bogus Brook Norwe gian Lutheran church on Saturday evening, November 23, in the Wood ward Brook school house. Ladies are respectfully asked to bring baskets and an invitation is tendered to every one. The evening's program will be enlivened by the latest music from a first class phonograph. Editorial Shyness. We don't notice any editors' names on the list of patriotic gentlemen who are supplying the ready money in the financial district at this juncture. Ohio State Journal. Kernan-Caldan. Rev. Father Levings went to Milaca on Monday evening and on Tuesday morning performed the ceremony which united in marriage Francis A. Kernan of Minneapolis and Miss Bernice Caldan of Milaca. The nuptial knot was tied at the residence of the bride's parents, the immediate rela tives of the young people and a num ber of guests being present. The bridal couple were attended by Ed ward Kernan, brother of the groom, and Tillie Caldan, sister of the bride. The bride's gown was of white silk with lace garniture and the brides maid's of white material. They car ried bouquets of roses and carna tions respectively. A wedding breakfast was served and the bride and groom received many pretty gifts. Mr. and Mrs. Kernan will reside in Minneapolis for a short time and will then go to North Dakota, where the groom has a claim. A. WESXPHAl ARRESTED. Charged With Falsifying Records of the Village of Princeton. A. C. Westphal, formerly superin tendent of the electric lighting plant and waterworks at this place, was on Friday brought back from Staples upon a warrant sworn out by Village President A. W. Woodcock charging a falsification of accounts. On Saturday morning Mr. Westphal was arraigned before Justice Chad bourne for examination and at the conclusion was bound over to the grand jury and admitted to bail in the sum of $500, S. S. Petterson and E. B. Anderson furnishing the bonds. It appears from the evidence ad duced that Mr. Westphal had made an entry in a book kept by him for the village which purported to show that the water meter in T. H. Caley 's barn on September 7, 1907, registered 9,280 cubic feet and that the previous read ing, when the meter was supposed to have been installed in said barn, was 9,228 cubic feet. It was shown, how ever, that no meter has ever been at tached to the pipes in the barn named. Mr. Westphal had placed a meter in the barn, but had laid it down beneath the steps and never connected it with the pipes. We do not believe that Mr. West phal is guilty of any intentional wrong doing. Mr. Caley had not completed his plans for supplying water to his barn, and Mr. Westphal estimated the probable amount of water used. E. L. McMillan conducted the exam ination for the village and J. A. Ross represented the state Losses in Superior Fire. The total losses in the fire at Su perior last Friday night are figured at $2,268,000, including about $750,000 in wheat. The property losses are hereunder enumerated: Great Northern elevator A and power house $1,250,000 Grand Repub lic mill, $150,000 Freeman mill and elevator and Minnesota mill and elevator, $500,000 Webster Manufac turing company, $100,000 Republic elevator and contents, $225,000 Great Lakes Dredge and Dock company, $25,000 Great Northern merchandise docks, $10,000 Whitney Brothers, marine contractors, $3,000 Superior Shipbuilding company, $500 Small dwelling houses, $5,000. Insurance carried will probably aggregate two thirds of the loss. The fire, which started at the south west corner of elevator A dock, is of unknown origin. Class Party. Miss Anna Sadley and F. W. Parks gave a party to their Sunday school classes at the residence of Dr. and Mrs. F. L. Small last Thursday even ing. Miss Sadley teaches a girls' class in the Congregational Sunday school and Mr. Parks a boys'. In all fifteen children were present at the party and an oyster supper, fruit, cake, etc., were served. After supper the children passed a delightful time in playing games and other amuse ments until it was time to disband and repair to their homes. The supper was prepared by Mrs. F. L. Small and there was a plenty of good things for all. Miss Sadley and Mr. Parks are among the best of Sunday school teachers and are much beloved by the members of their classes. Ten Dollars Reward. The above sum will be paid by the council of the village of Princeton to whomsoever shall give such informa tion as will lead to the arrest of the person or persons who have recently placed wires across the sidewalks in various parts of town and thereby endangered human life. Air. Sloan's Enterprise. Mr. Sloan expects to get the first issue of his newspaper out next week. We understand that he will call it The Wahkon Enterprise.Mille Lacs Pio neer. R. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms $1.00 Per Year. PRINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, NOYEKBER 14, 1907. MONEY INJOBACCO Farmers of Colfax, Wisconsin, Fast Abandoning Potato Culture and Growing Tobacco. T. H. Caley Gives Interesting Account of Information Obtained While on Trip to Badgerdom. While at Colfax Wisconsin, last week T. H. Caley took occasion to look over the farming country sur rounding that place and ascertained much information regarding the crops raised. The territory over which Mr. Caley traveled was formerly covered with pine timber. This timber was in course of time cut down and the land cleared and converted into farms. The soil is almost identical with that of this part of Mille Lacs county and consequently suitable to the growing of potatoes. For many years this was the prin cipal crop raisedin fact there was scarcely anything but spuds planted. At last one of the progressive farmers, for experimentation rather than profit, planted a small parcel of land to to bacco. He paid but little attention to the cultivation of the crop, but it satis fied his curiosity and opened his eyes to the fact that the soil was admirably adapted to tobacco raisingthe toba co matured and was of excellent qual ity. The good news was spread from one farmer to another, but the difficul ty which confronted them in planting tobacco was that none of them under stood how to properly raise the plant. It was finally decided to hold a meeting for the purpose of securing money wherewith to hire an expert groweran instructor to educate them on all matters pertaining to the culti vation and handling of tobacco. With the assistance of the merchants of Colfax sufficient money was col lected, an expert engaged and tobacco culture startedeach farmer at first planting an acre or two. So success ful did this prove that the acreage planted to tobacco was increased year after year until now there is more land assigned to tobacco than to potatoes. In conversation with some tf tire prominent farmers Mr. Caley ascer tained that the price obtained for "to- bacco was 8 to 15 cents per pound, according to grade, and that at these figures one acre of tobacco would bring to the grower ten times as much money as the same amount of land planted to potatoes. Then again there is the ease with which the crop, as compared with potatoes, is handled and the freedom of risk from loss by frost, blight, etc. Tobacco is har vested before the frost arrives and it has butfew enemies in the form of worms, etc. An immense tobacco warehouse is being built at Colfax for the sorting and curing of tobacco which will give employment to many hands, and there is a ready market for all the weed that can be produced. Thus the farm ers of Colfax are prosperous and are yearly bettering themselves by grow ing more tobacco and less potatoes. As similar conditions of soil and climate to those at Colfax exist here there seems to be no reason why the farmers of Mille Lacs county could not duplicate the efforts of their Wisconsin brothers by following a similar plan. The suggestion is at least worth con sideration. Allscreants, Beware' Complaints have been received from several persons of the action of some miscreant or miscreants who have of late strung pieces of wire across the sidewalks at night and thus imperiled people's lives. Three or four persons have tripped over such wires and sus tained more or less injury and the vil lage authorities are determined to put a stop to the practice. It is supposed to be the work of urchins whose parents permit to run the streets at night instead of keeping them at home, but whoever it is they will be made an example of if caught. The council offers $10 reward for informa tion leading to the conviction of such offenders. See notice elsewhere in this issue. Bliss Bertha Giles Dead. Bertha, the oldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Giles of Wyanett, died at 4 o'clock yesterday morning from dropsy, aged 14 years. She had been sick about two months. The funeral will be held tomorrow afternoon from the Christian church at Wyanett and the remains will be buried in King's cemetery. Miss Giles possessed a most lovable disposition and was a great favorite with her companions, and many are those who will miss this sweet*natured girl. FORFEITEDTAX SALE OI Two Hundred and Forty-Five Par- cels of Land Offered But a Dozen Are Disposed of. Provision of Law Governing Sale of Real Estate Offered at For- feited Tax Sale in Nov. Veterans* Pensions. The annual report of the commis sioner of pensions has recently been made he servedi ninety,_,_.._...the The annual forfeited tax sale was held by Auditor E. E. Whitney at the was married at this place to James court house on Monday. Bidders were few and but twelve pieces of land were sold out of two hundred and forty five descriptions offered. One parcel was redeemed before the date of sale. Aside from the owners of land who bid to clean up taxes there were but two parties who made purchases, viz., C. E. Erickson and Warren L. Carter, both living at Milaca. The law provides that where real estate has been offered for sale at the regular tax sale in May of each year and has not been disposed of to an actual purchaser, nor redeemed within three years from the date of such sale, the same may be again offered at the forfeited sale in November of each year, and sold for whatever it will bring. After notice of expiration of redemption has been served, and no redemption has been made within the time limit, the governor issues an ab solute deed to the person entitled thereto. public and contains a large amount of data of interest to the pen sioner and the public generally. Under the so-called McCumber act, which is practically a service pension law, 90,000 certificates have been is sued. Under the general pension laws any soldier who served in the federal army in the Civil war, was honorably discharged, and is disabled by wounds received or disease contracted in the line of duty in such service, is pensionable regardless of the length of time he served. Under the act of 1890, anv soldier who served in the federal ar^jy in the Civil war not less than ninety days, was honorably dis charged and since his discharge, by accident or disease not due to his own vicious habits, has become in any degree unable to earn his support by manual labor, is entitled to a pension. Under the act of February 6, 1907, the McCumber act, any soldier who served in the federal army in the Civil war ninety days, and was honorably discharged, is entitled to a pension at the rate of $12 per month after he has reached the age of 62 years, $15 a month after he has arrived at the age of 70, and $20 a month after he is 75 years old, on account of age alone. It will be noted that under the gen eral law a soldier is pensionable be cause of wounds or disease contracted in the service, regardless of the length of his service that under the act of 1890, he is pensionable for disabilities not due to his own vicious habits, oc curring after his discharge, on condi tion that he served ninety days in the Civil war and was honorably dis charged, and that under the McCum ber act he is pensionable as stated, if days in Civil war and was honorably discharged. It is not necessary that the soldier served in the same organization the ninety days or that he had a contin uous service of ninety days, but that the sum total of the services, if he had more than one enlistment, is ninety days, which satisfies the requirements of the law, but the service or services must have been in the Cvil war. Princeton Potato Market. At this point little change is noted in the prices of potatoes from those prevailing last week, but. if anything, the market shows a weaker tendency. Cars are now obtainable for shipment, but there is virtually no demand from the big centers for stockall appear to have a great sufficiency. Farmers continue to bring in their potatoes and receive cash from the buyers, but there is not nearly as great a quantity being marketed as at this time last year. The Best Advertising* If the business men of Princeton, the farmers of this vicinity and the village and town authorities will join hands and all co-operate to improve I ly entertaining, the main streets of the village and the highways in the immediate vicinity of the village great would be the benefits resulting therefrom, besides it would be advertising that would attract new settlers. Probably Eaten by Cannibals. It will be remembered that seven mpnths ago the press dispatches con tained a story that the American ship is ajwise move on Mr. Norton's part Arthur Sewall had been destroyed by fire and the crew eaten by the canni bals on an island in the south seas. On November 4 the Seattle Times published an article which stated that the vessel had been sighted by the captain of another ship. This was later contradicted by the captain named. Among the crew of the Arthur Sewall was supposed to be Albert Spurr, son of Mrs. R. L. Saunders of Seattle, who was formerly Edith Blakne. of Princeton. Miss Blakne., Spurr and left here in 1889 for the west, where she has since resided. Albert Spurr was about 19 years of age, but had followed a seafaring life for some time. His mother still has hopes of again seeing Albert alive. WHERE IS THOMAS JEFFERSON S. S. Petterson Imports Pedigreed Angora Cat and Animal Skedaddles. A splendid specimen of the feline family came to town last week, says Frank Goulding. It was imported from the place where the Angora goats come from by S. S. Petterson and it had a pedigree as long as the declaration of independence. Mr. Petterson, upon receiving a telegram that Thomas Jeffersonthe Angora had been duly fed at St. Paul and was on its way to Princeton, cranked up his automobile and went to meet him at the depot. There was nothing too good for Thomas Jefferson to ride in, or eat, or drink, or sleep in for that matter, thought Mr. Petterson. Thonfas eventually arrived in a sort of birdcage inclosure and many who saw him exclaimed. "Oh, what a beauty!" Women wanted to squeeze him and little children called him big Teddy bear. Mr. Petterson struggled through the admiring crowd with Thomas and his cage, deposited them in the auto and turned on the smell. Arriving at his home he found a number of people congregated to wel come Thomas Jefferson. They had been informed by Mr. Petterson in ad vance that the long-furred Thomas was on his way. "It's a beauty, ladies and gentlemen: it's a beauty!" ejac ulated Mr. Petterson as he jumped from the auto. Opening the door to the back seat he pulled forthan emp ty cage! Thomas Jefferson had skid ooed. The door of the cage had been insecurely fastened. Turning around his machine Mr. Petterson went back over the ground he had traversed but there was no Thomas Jefferson in sight. A small boy at the depot said he saw a strange animal racing with the train and an other urchin avowed that he had seen a savage-looking beast of some sort climbing a telephone post, but neither of these reports could be substantiated and Thomas Jefferson is still at large. Anyone who finds an Angora cat answering to the name of "Thomas Jefferson" which gives evidence of be ing out of its latitude will please re turn to S. S. Petterson, Princeton, and receive generous reward. Indians Down Harvard. The most exciting football game during the season was that played be tween Carlisle and Harvard on Satur day, in which the Indians won by a score of 23 to 15. The victors util ized every possible play and forma- tionnJ legalizedubDyy the oegaUZea an FUl the ease with which they executed their maneuvers astonished the multi tudinous assemblage. It was the first time since the Indians commenced playing football that they turned the trick on the big Harvard aggregation and the latter was considerably cast down. To the forward pass, executed by the Indians with telling effect, was largely due the vanquishment of their opponents. Carlisle is the team which the Min nesotas will go against next Saturday at Northrop field, and as the Indians are superior to the Chicago, which re cently defeated the Gophers, the latter will have to improve their tactics in order to win a victory. Musical Program. A special musical program, under the direction of Mrs. H. C. Cooney, was presented in conjunction with the regular Sunday evening service at the Congregational church. Mrs. H. C. Cooney ssang a solo in her usual excel lent manner and was accompanied on the piano by Mrs. Ben. Soule. Sever al numbers were rendered by the choir and the program throughout was high- The Pioneer WW. Move to Onamla. Mr. T. F. Norton has concluded to move his newspaper plant, the Mille Lacs Pioneer, from Cove to Onamia just as soon as a building can be erected in the latter place. Onamia will be a division point on the new Soo branch and is bound to be a good business point and the change o^ base VOLUME XXXI. NO. 47 GOOD OLDLADYGONE Mrs. A. M. Cater, One of Princeton's Early Settlers, Dies After Ill- ness of Short Duration. Was a Woman of flany Noble Quail* ities and Much Beloved by All Those Who Knew Her. Mrs. A. M. Cater, one of Prince ton's oldest and most respected citi zens, died at a quarter after 8 o'clock on Friday morning, November 8, from kidney trouble superinduced by a cold. Mrs. Cater had passed her 75th year and up to within ten days of her death was in fairly good health. The funeral services were conducted by Rev. George Swertfager in the Congregational church on Tuesday afternoon at 2 o'clock and the body was followed to its last resting place in Oak Knoll cemetery by a large number of the kind and gentle old lady's friends. The pallbearers were Messrs. F. M. Campbell, J. W. Goulding, Charles Judkins, L. S. Libby, A. W. Wood cock and Solomon Long. Relatives of Mrs. Cater from out of town who attended the funeral were A. T. Cater, Edward Cater, Arthur Cater, St. Cloud Mrs. H. L. Spen cer, Miss Eunice James, Minneapolis, and George Wheeler, St. Paul. Mrs. Cater was born in New Hamp shire on June 13, 1832. Her maiden name was Amanda M. Moulton, and she was married to M. V. B. Cater on September 19, 1852, in her home state. In 1857, with her husband, she came to Minnesota and settled on a homestead in Sherburne countythe farm now owned by H. Lenz. Mr. and Mrs. Cater remained upon this homestead until 1862, when they moved onto a farm about a mile west of Princeton. Shortly after the death of her hus band, in 1884, she vacated this farm and came into the village of Prince ton to reside, remaining here to the time of her death. She was the mother of four children, viz., Emma (Mrs. Griffith), Edwin W., John W. and Lilly A. (Mrs^ Blakney). Mrs. Griffith of Princeton and John W. Cateirof Bostonia, Cal., are the only children surviving^her. Mrs. Cater was a true christian, a devout member of the Congregational church and also a member of the Dorcas society. She was of a kindly disposition, charitable to a fault and generous to the needyever ready to assist the afflicted and relieve suffer ing. Coming, as she did, to the northwest When it was a veritable wilderness, she was compelled to en dure many hardships and privations, but perseverance and an impicit faith in her Maker enabled her to overcome all obstacles and, with other pioneers, prepare a way for future generations. Many are those who will mourn this truly good woman's taking away. Clover and Sand. At a meeting of the state highway commission in St. Paul on Tuesday, the engineer of the commission, Mr. George W. Cooley, was authorized to go ahead and experiment with clover on a mile of sandy road in Sherburne county adjoining Princeton. The matter was discussed in the Union several weeks ago. It is proposed to clear the road for its entire width of trees and brush, then plow and seed to clover the unused portions of the road, cut the clover while it is green and spread the same on the traveled roadway. The first year a crop of rye or some other grain could be grown and used on the road. We be lieve, in fact we feel confident, that the experiment will prove a success. New 860,000 School Building. Brandrup & Nettleton of Mankato have recently purchased a large build ing in that city wherein to conduct their commercial college, the old quarters being now too small to ac commodate the students. The Mankato Commercial college will occupy three of the four floors of this building. On the second floor will be the shorthand, typewriting and recitation rooms, on the third floor the bookkeeping de partment, which is large enough to accommodate 500 pupils. The fourth floor will be used for a dining hall and dormitory. AT NORTHWESTERN HOSPITAL. Harry Larson of Milaca was oper ated upon oh Monday by Dr. Cooney for appendicitis and is doing nicely. Miss Nellie Anderson, daughter of Gilbert Anderson of Blue Hill, was taken violently ill with acute appendi citis on Tuesday. The prompt re moval of an almost perforated appen dix was made within a few hours of the attack by Dr. Cooney. Since the operation the patient's condition has been perfectly satisfactory.