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R. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms $1.00 Per Tear. FARMERSJRGAIZE Enthusiastic Meeting at Which Co- operative Creamery Project Gets a Good Start. I. O. Dybevick of the State Dairy Commission Delivers an Able Address on Dairying. As announced in the last number of the Union another meeting to en chance the progress of a project for the establishment of a farmers' co operative creamery in the village of Princeton was held at Brands' opera house on Saturday afternoon. Farm ers were in attendance from several townships and manifested an enthusi astic interest in the proceedings throughoutthey entered into the proposition with a will that cannot do other than result successfully. The meeting was presided over by Thos. H. Caley and Ira G. Stanley acted in the capacity of secretary. The chairman introduced I. O. Dybe vick, an expert creameryman from the state dairy and food department, and immediately following the report of the committee appointed last week was read. This committee had been ap pointed to ascertain how many shares of stock the farmers would take in the enterprise and the number of cows available. Hereunder are the figures as reported, but they give only a rough estimate. It is safe to say that four times this number of shares will be taken and that the number of avail able cows will be doubled: Townships No Shares Blue Hill and part of Baldwin 31 Greenbush 10 Princeton 27 Bogus Brook 40 yanett No Cows 374 83 299 367 131 10b 1 156 No of shares in Wyanett not reported Following the reading*of this report Mr. Dybevick delivered a highly in structive address on creameries in which he demonstrated a perfect familiarity with every detail of his subject. His speech was delivered in a clear manner and he was never at a loss for data to illustrate his points. Besides being a creamery inspector, Mr Dybevick is on of tho dairy in structors at the state agricultural school and has had fifteen years practical experience in creamery work. No better man could have been se cured to address the farmers. In part he said: It is very easy to start a co-opera tive creamery, and never have I seen a more promising beginning than that made by the farmers who contemplate the establishment of such a plant in Princeton. Theie are over 900 cream eries and cheese factories in the state of Minnesota and of these but 75 are of the latter kind. The growth of the creamery industry has been phenom enal and especially so in Minnesota. Creameries are springing up every where, and where rightly managed are all proving money makers. There is nothing more profitable for the farmers than co-operative ereameries, and then again, they make the whole country flourish. As an instance of the prosperity brought about by -creameries I will mention Faribault -county. Fifteen years ago the farmers there raised scarcely anything but grain and as a result the farms were mortgaged and the land commanded but small price. Eventually a number of farmers from Illinois bought a large acreage there for a mere song and put in creameries. Other farmers followed suitthat is, they too estab lished creameries, and now the county flourishes like a green bay tree. There is no money in raising all grain or any other one crop. You must diversify to be prosperous and you must have creameries. Co-operative creameries have not only made money for farmers, but have added value to their land. You can take a ton of butter from a tract of land and yet not extract one particle of its fertility. And this by reason of the by-products of the cow. It may be well to mention here* that the cow should be well taken care of during the winter time. It should be well housed and well fed. If you fol low this advice you will find your prof its doubled. By all means take good care of the cow in the winter time. This part of the country is particu larly adapted to dairying, for its soil is so easily fertilized. Then there is the clover grown herethe finest in the world. There is nothing better than clover for the cow and nothing that will so enrich the soil with nitrogenous elements when plowed under. You can also raise all the small grain you need for your stock, but do not neglect to rotate your crops. I would not advise you to buy blooded cowsthe ordinary scrub %M&*M&^^ kind are better than thoroughbreds. And this for the reason that in the first place you will have to pay big prices for blooded cows, and in the second, they require too much care. The average farmer has not the time at his disposal to care for thorough bred cows. But you can build up your own herd that is, you can put a good dairy sire at its head, and this will pay you. Now, as to the centralizing con cerns, they pay more for butterfat only when they have competition. Where this competition does not exist they pay only what they feel inclined, and their inclination does not natural ly run toward high prices. None of these individual concerns can, how ever, compete with a good co-oper ative creamery and the statistics show that in 1906 the average price paid for butterfat by the co-operative cream eries of Minesota, was 27 cents while the centralizers paid but 24 cents. This is certainly an important show ing. If you make close observation you will find that immediately a local creamery shuts down the centralizers reduce their price to whatsoever they see fit. Stick to your co-operative creamery and you will meet with suc cess. In co-operative creameries the farmers get the whole of the profit whereas if you sell to the centralizers they get the lion's share of it. You must take into consideration that when you sell to centralizers you have to pay the freight, and then there is the loss in butterfat, to say nothing of buttermilk, upon which you can fatten your hogs. In the past it has been customary to ship the rottenest kind of cream to the centralizers, and if you had seen some of the filth which has come under my notice while in specting these plants you would likely swear off eating any more butter. I have seen in St. Paul cream which was so rotten that it contained maggots half an inch long. At this time, how ever, it is not so safe to ship such stuff, as many have been fined upon complaint of the state dairy and food commission. Cleanliness is a matter which I wish to call your attention to. In the first place, keep your cow stables clean. Give your cows straw for beds instead of burning it. This straw will absorb all liquid manure and it thee becomes a valuable asset for fertilizing. When milking keep your hands clean and also keep your cream separators clean. Dirty cream invariably lowers the test. The slime which will accumulate inside a separator if neglected is poi sonous and it is impossible to make good butter from the cream which runs through a machine which is per mitted to get into this condition. Wash your separators frequently, and take good care of your milk by plac ing it in cold cater. The immersion of the vessels containing the milk in cold water is the best known way of keeping it. Mr. Fox of the West Branch cream ery said that that concern was in a flourishing condition and that the farmers were well satisfied with the profits. He said that the creamery paid within a few cents of the New York quotations. Mr. Fox was posi tive that the farmers would never re gret establishing a creamery in Princeton. Mr. Taylor of Wyanett said that when he went to Martin county seven years ago the farmers raised scarcely anything but grain and you could then buy a good farm for $40 per acre. The introduction of co-operative creameries has made the land there now worth $80 an acreit has doubled in value, and there is not a farmer in that part of the country who is not prosperous. Mr. Dybevick here explained the difference between the co-operative and individual creamery. He said hat in the co-operative the farmer received the full profits from their products because they manufactured their own butter and marketed it, whereas when they sold to the cen tralizers a shareinvariably the biggest partof the profit goes to these concerns, for it stands to reason that they are not going to handle the cream, convert it into butter and market it for nothing. Stockholders in the co-operative creamery should, said Mr. Dybevick, receive a dividend on the money which they invest. This can be arranged through the establishment of a small sinking fund. Thos. H. Caley said that a creamery would cost between $4,000 and $5,000, and that the business men would like to have it built in a central location. He said that there were plenty of suitable sites which could be pur chased cheap. Louis Rust addressed the meeting and told the farmers it was up to them either to accept the business men's proposition or turn it down. He said UHkoa it was not much of a trick to organize under existing conditions and thought the farmers would be foolish to turn the proposition down. Mr. Rust then made a motion to proceed at once to organize a co-operative creamery association and the motion was unanimously carried. R. C. Dunn said he would like to see the project set on foot at once. Effect a temporary organization and go ahead. Build a creamery and make a brand of butter that will be known for its superiority throughout the country. Don't give the central izers the profit of your labors any longer. It belongs to you and you can have it if you want to. Mr. Dunn wished to make it clear that this creamery was for the farmers and the farmers onlythat the farmers were to run it independent of the business men. A temporary organization was then effected with the following officers: President, Louis Rust secretary, Henry Holthus: board of directors, M. C. Thorring, John Dalchow, R. S. Shaw, August Jaenicke, Chas. Jud kins, Michael Kaliher and George Tomlinson. A motion was made and carried that the price of shares be placed at $10 each. Louis Rust thanked the meeting for electing him temporary president of the organization. He said he realized that he would have to contend with many kicks, but nevertheless he would do his utmost to enhance the success of the creamery project and urged all those who contemplated joining the association to put forth their best efforts to help it along. The temporary organization here took a recess and upon its return President Rust reported that it had been decided to call another meeting for Saturday afternoon next at the same time and place. In the mean time a committee would make a can vass for the sale of stock and another committee had been appointed to look up a suitable site. Mr. Rust asked all the farmers present to use their in fluence with their friends with a view of having them purchase stock. Mr. Dybevick advised the farmers to send a committee to some of the good creameries of the state to gather information regarding their operation and construction. A vote of thanks was then tendered Mr. Dybevick for the interest he had taken in the proceedings and the ex cellent speech he had delivered. It is expected that a speaker will be on hand from the state dairy and food department to address the meeting on Saturday next Now, farmers, get busy. You have started out well in selecting your tem porary officers. They are all good, reliable men. Hustle. The creamery should be in running order within 40 days. Erect a handsome brick build ing. Let it be a model creamery in every respect. Let it always be owned and operated by farmers and for the farmers. Employ a first-class butter maker, one who thoroughly under stands his business, manufacture a grade of butter that will command top-notch prices and make the Prince ton Co-Operative Creamery famous. Every dollar of profit over and above the running expenses and a reasonable interest to the stockholders should go into the farmers' pockets. There should be no delay. It should not re quire much of an effort to raise the money necessary, especially when a cash bonus of $1,500 is offered by the business men of 'Princeton. Let every farmer interested attend the meeting next Saturday and come pre pared to do his part towards making the project a success. Fickle Salting Station During the recess of the creamery directors Mr. Stroeter gave a short talk on his pickle station proposition and stated that it would be necessary for him to ascertain definitely within two weeks whether the stipulated hundred acres would be planted. After that time it would be too late to erect a building for handling this sea son's cucumbers. Mr. Stroeter said that a pickle station was a step in the same direc tion as a co-operative creamery. It helped the farmers and it helped the town, it increased the value of land, and yet withal it was merely a side line in farminga line which for the most part the children could handle. In Michigan, said he, whole towns have been built from the profits of cucumber raising. They plant large acreages there and it is a permanent industry. He said he wanted the farmers to make money by raising cucumbers, for then they would con tinue to grow them year after year and that would mean the permanent establishment of his station, and to the end that they may make money he had offered them the very highest W te PRINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, APRIL 16, 1908. price possible for their product. He felt confident they would be so well satisfied with the returns from their first season's crop that next year they would increase their acreage. All he wanted was for the farmers to agree to plant ground which would aggregate one hundred acres and he would do the resterect a building at once and pay cash for the cucumbers. Upon looking over the lists which were circulated to ascertain the acreage farmers would agree to plant Mr. Stroeter found that the aggregate was 80 acres. He was well pleased with the showing and feels confident of securing the balance within a few days. Another pickle meeting will be held at the opera house on Monday, April 20, at 2 o'clock, when Mr. Stroeter will talk on the cultivation of cucum bers and give all the information necessary for their production, pick ing, etc. All persons having lists will please bring them in at that time. Congregational Church Announcements. Special Easter music will be rendered at both morning and eve ning services in the Congregational church next Sunday. The order of services will be as follows: MORNING Preluae Mrs LuddenandMrs Avery Easter March Lehrman Mrs Avery and Mrs Ludden Entrance Hymn choir Responsive Beading Invocation Anthem sing With All the Sons of Glory Choir Hymn Scripture Lesson Piano Solo Sermon Anthem ^w4Jt/fc&.S laJft. 'Joy to the World The Palms Lola Scheen Prayer Offertory Anthem Mrs Avery and Mrs Ludden "Christen the Morn Shelly Choir 'Who Shall Roll Away the Stone Choir Mrs A Caley, Director and Leader OrganistMrs Ludden PianistMrs Avery ViolinistHerbert Anderson ChoirMrs McMillan, Mrs Colbert, Miss Hnse, Mrs Hunt Miss Blanche Byers, Miss Stanley, E McMillan, Ludden, Charles Haimon, Henry Avery, A Dickey EVENING Hymn Grand is the Song Congregation Anthem And the Angel Said Solly Scripture Lesson Solo 'The Shepherd King Verne Miss Ethel Palmer Prayer Anthem I Am the Resurrection Solly Announcements and Offering Hymn "Soft the Bells Are Ringing" Congiegation Sermon Anthem The Trumpet Shall Sound Hall Prayer and Benediction Under direction of Mrs Cooney, assisted by Mrs Soule This (Thursday) evening, at 7:30, there will be a prayer meeting in the Congregational church. Tomorrow evening a union Good Friday service will be held in the Congregational church, and at this service the sacrament of the Lord's supper will be administered. Next Sunday evening a young people's meeting will be held in the Congregational church at 6:30, closing promptly at 7:15. Young people not identified with other churches are cordially invited to at tend and to help make the meeting inspiring and profitable. Methodist Services Sabbath morning 10:30, Easter ser mon followed by baptism and recep tion of members. 12 m., Easter exer cises in the Sunday school. 7:30, this service will be made as interesting as possible. Big chorus choir. Song service. Special numbers. Short ser mon. The midweek service this (Thurs day) evening is open to all, 7:45 to 8:30. The choir will meet in the audi torium immendiately following. Evangelistic Services Concluded Sunday was the last day of the series of Evangelistic services and on Monday Messrs. Smith and Roper left Princeton to continue their work elsewhere. During their three weeks' stay here they attracted large audi ences at every service and people of various creeds attended. Mr. Smith is a forceful speaker and Mr. Roper an exceptionally good vocalist, and the large choir under the direction of Mr. Roper was a very attractive fea ture of the revivals. Many converts were made by the evangelists and even though but a third of them stick to their resolutions the mission of Messrs. Smith and Roper will not have been in vain. Are You Looking for Good Horses? Aug. Rines will hold the biggest horse auction of the season in Prince ton on Saturday, April 18, when a carload of the finest western horses obtainable,the pick of the ranges, weighing from 1,300 to 1,500 pounds apiece will be brought under the hammer. This bunch of horses is made up of animals broken and un broken and they are all hardy and soundnot a scrub in the lot. If you are in need of horses it will be to your advantage to await this sale. The twell-known auctioneer, Emmet Mark, will conduct the sale. FINISHESJTS WOR District Court Proceedings Closed on Wednesday After a Term of Eight Days Duration. Disposition of Cases Not Completed at Time of Going to Press With Union Last Thursday. After a session of eight daysan exceptionally long one for Princeton the district court proceedings came to a close yesterday at 4 o'clock. The grand jury was also in session for an unusually long period of time from Tuesday to Saturdayand, in addition to the indictment returned against Geo. King for petit larceny, as announced in last week's Union, brought in a true bill against T. F. Norton of the Mille Lacs Pioneer for criminal libel and an indictment for publishing libelous matter against Fay Cravens of Milaca. R. C. Dunn and T. H. Caley signed Mr. Cravens' bonds, which were fixed at $200. Following is a synopsis of the cases disposed of since the last issue of the Union: Charles Malone vs. Ole N. Reiquam and Peter Kennedy. A. M. Harrison for plaintiff, Chas. Keith, E. L. Mc Millan and Chas. A. Dickey for de fendants. This suit, which was con tinued from the last term of court, was an action to enforce conveyance of land in pursuance of contract between parties claimed not to have been cancelled. Plaintiff submitted his evidence and defendants moved for a dismissal of action. This was denied and defendants submitted a portion of their evidence, among which was a cancellation of contract not included in the pleadings. Plaintiff objected to the introduction of this evidence un less it be included in the pleadings. The case was continued to the next term of court. J. M. Watson, doing business under the name and styJe of the Dickinson Horse Sales company vs. Harry Shockley. Chas. Keith and E. L. Mc Millan for plaintiff, Chas. A. Dickey for defendant. This was an action to dissolve a writ of attachment upon hcrses of which the plaintiff claimed proprietorship. These horses were attached by the sheriff upon a writ issued at the request of creditors of Emmet Mark. The case was tried be fore a jury and occupied more than a day. A verdict was returned for the plaintiff and the defendant given a stay of sixty days. Andrew P. Jorgenson vs. Rienhold Swedborg. Chas. Keith, for plaintiff Chas. A. Dickey for defendant. Suit to recover on a promissory note. Tried by a jury and verdict directed for plaintiff for amount of note and interest. J. L. Freeland vs. A. L. Erb & Co. Chas. A. Dickey for plaintiff, E. L. McMillan for defendant. Suit to recover on sale of potatoes. Tried by jury and verdict returned for defen dant by consent of parties. Petitions for the adoption of chil dren were granted as follows: Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Starff, to adopt Vivian Moody Mr. and Mrs. Harvey J. Kimling. to adopt Mildred Peter son Mr. and Mrs. Emmanuel Mur ray, to adopt Harry W. Grant Mr. and Mrs. Andrew P. Eneroth, to adopt Helen Grant. Mary Rines, executrix of the estate of Chas. H. Rines, deceased, vs. Mil lard Howard. Chas. A. Dickey for plaintiff, E. L. McMillan for defen dant. Suit in which plaintiff and de fendant both claimed right to the possession of a cow. Tried before a jury and a verdict returned for de fendant. Joseph A. Leathers vs. Emmet Mark. Chas. A. Dickey for plaintiff, E. L. McMillan for defendant. An action to recover money advanced, plaintiff having attached a number of horses. Case continued to next term of court. O. A. Ladeen vs. D. G. Wilkes. Chas. A. Dickey for plaintiff, E. L. McMillan for defendant. Suit to re cover damages for assault and bat terythe outcome of a fistic encounter in the lake country. Tried before jury and a verdict of $70 and costs returned in favor of plaintiff. The King petit larceny case was called and continued to the next term of court, defendant furnishing bonds in $100. In the twenty-five cases to enforce payment of delinquent taxesall be ing of like natureevidence was sub mitted and thirty days allowed in which to file briefs. The question in volved is whether the valuation of land, which was raised by the county board of equalization, above the figures of the assessor, to $3.50 per acre, is required by law. It is con- VOLUME XXXII. NO. 17 tended by defendants that such raisa was unauthorized for the reason that no notice was given. J. A. Ross is attorney for the state and Rolleff Vaaler for the defendants in each of the twenty-five suits. William H. Ferrell vs. Mary Rines, and Mary Rines as executrix of the last will and testament of Chas. H. Rines, deceased. E. L. McMillan for plaintiff, Harris Richardson and Harold C. Kerr for defendant. Action to enforce delivery of deeds and bill of sale for property purchased from Mrs. Rines and her husband by plain tiff. Evidence submitted to court and case taken under advisement. Clara Alma Bemis vs. Clarence Eugene Bemis. Chas. A. Dickey for plaintiff, E. L. McMillan for defen dant. Action for divorce. Evidence submitted to couit and case taken under advisement. James B. Swing, as trustee for the creditors of the Union Mutual Fire Insurance company of Cincinnati, vs. Thos. H. Caley. Foster & Sperry for plaintiff, Chas. Keith for defendant. Stricken from calendar. Alberta E. Plondke and Elizabeth M. Bartosch vs. E. E. Whitney and County of Mille Lacs. J. A. Ross and E. L. McMillan for defendants. Two suits of like nature to enforce re fundment of taxes. Both cases were tried together at the October term of court and taken under advisement. Subsequently a decision was rendered in favor of plaintiffs. A motion was thereafter made by E. L. McMillan, engaged to assist County Attorney Ross, for a new trial. This was granted. At this term of court the evidence has again been submitted and the case again taken under advisement. Court ote The petit jury, having completed its work, was discharged on Monday afternoon. Peter Frykman, Opstead Alfred Wass, Ed. Milton and Fay Cravens of Milaca were in attendance at court. The grand jury decided that there was no cause for action against A. W. Westphal, bound over from justice court upon the charge of falsifying the books of the village of Princeton while employed as an electrician. The grand jury which finished its labors Saturday afternoon performed its duties conscientiously. But that body might have remained in session another week and its time would have been fully occupied by people with imaginary grievances. It is particular ly noticeable, too, that the people who foot the bills are not those who make life a burden to grand jurymen. Three or four men who were in at tendance at court from Milaca were discussing the removal of the court house on Saturday when Thos. H. Caley joined them. "You can't move that building to Milaca," said Mr. Caley, "for it is too badly cracked." "Milaca can get along first rate with out it," answered one of the party, "but it would be a good thing if the court house could be moved up to the lake. There's a fellow up there who uses it more than all the rest of the county put together." Everyone knew who was meant and there were roars of laughter. TEN THOUSAND HOMELESS. Big Fire Destroys Business Section of Chelsea, a Suburb of Boston. Chelsea, a large suburb of Boston, was on Sunday visited by a con flagration which wiped out the busi ness portion of the place and ren dered 10,000 people homeless. Three persons are reported to have lost their lives in the holocaust and over fifty were injured, some of them seriously. The area devastated by the fire fiend exceeds 350 acres. Its length was a mile and a half and its breadth half a mile, and where once stood mag nificent blocks of buildings only blackened ruins now remain. The property loss is estimated between $8,000,000 and $10,000,000. County Commissioners. The Mille Lacs county board met at the court house yesterday and dis posed of the following business: Petition of Harold Mudgett and Au gust Henschel for the survey of a sub division of section 27, township of Princeton, was read and a hearing set for May 15. The petition of Geo. Hartung and C. A. Reiche for the survey of a sub division of section 9, town of Grene bush, was read and a hearing set for the same dateMay 15. A petition for the construction of a county road, from a quarter post on the north line of section 4, town of Page, running east to intersect the Mille Lacs lake road, was granted. Plats will today be submitted to the board by C. B. Maben of Isle, Lars. Eriksson of Cnamia and Nils B. Berg of Isle for proposed townsites. The official proceedings of the board will appear in next week's Union..