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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, May 06, 1909, Image 2

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first Constitutional Monarch of the Otto
man Empire Is Progressive, Weil
Informed, Courteous, Humane
and Very Popular.
has a new sultan. Ab
dul called variously
"the great assassin," "the un
speakable Turk" and "Abdul
the damned on his infernal throne,"
has followed his uncle, Abdul Aziz, and
his brother, Murad V., the deposition
of both of whom he is thought secretly
to have abetted. Thus is he paid in
his own coin, although the settlement
of the debt has been deferred thirty
three years. Modernism has finally
triumphed, even in Turkey. The tide
of democracy is rising and is sweep
ing over the barriers of the two coun
tries in eastern Europe that sought to
oppose themselves to its advance. The
movement of the Young Turks is one
of modern enlightenment, tolerance,
progress and constitutional govern
ment. At last these forces are com
pletely triumphant, and the struggle
of nearly a half century ends in the
victory of light over darkness, of pop
ular government over absolutism.
Modernism in Turkey "began under
Abdul Hamid's father, Abdul Medjid,
a weak but humane ruler. Under the
influence of the British minister this
sultan started several reforms. At his
death there were two short reigns, one
ended by murder disguised as suicide
and the other by a prison under plea
that the ruler was insane. It has since
been believed that the reactionary
element, with Abdul Hamid as the
moving spirit, engineered the down
fall of both sovereigns. Abdul him
self claimed to be a reformer, but soon
sfter his accession to the throne in
1876 showed that he was an absolutist
and despot of the worst type By
means of deception, cunning, thou
sands of hired spies and a power of in
trigue that played off the great powers
of Europe one against the other he
managed to keep himself on the throne
until he became the disgrace of the
world With o\er forty wives and
hundreds of concubines, with multi
plied thousands of assassinations and
massacies to his credit, or, rather, to
his shame, the unspeakable sultan
stood in the path of progress and ra
tionalism until finally run over and
cast aside Only his name remains as
one of infamy to future ages. He
gives way to a more humane, a more
progressive and, it is hoped, a better
man. In the very nature of things he
must be better, for it is impossible to
think of two rulers as depraved as
Abdul Hamid.
The New Sultan.
The Turkish law provides that the
oldest living son of a sultan, whether
that sultan be the reigning one or a
predecessor, shall be the heir presump
tive to the throne. This provision
made Mohammed Rechad Effendi, the
half brother of Abdul Hamid II., the
first in the line of succession and
Yusuf Izzedine Effendi, the son of
another sultan, Abdul Aziz, the second
in line of succession. Rechad Effendi,
who takes the title of Mohammed V.,
is two years younger than Abdul Ha
mid, having been born at Constantino
ple on Nov. 3, 1844. Under the Turkish
law the heir apparent Is a virtual pris
oner in his palace, and under the
machinations of Abdul Hamid and his
jealousy Rechad was literally so.
His visitors at his former home in the
Cheraghan palace were searched as
they entered and again as they
left the palace, he was not allowed
to venture abroad without being ac
companied by a strong troop, his
palace was filled with spias, and
Side lights on the Young Turks and Their
Leaders, Who Have Inaugurated a
New Regime In Islam's
from 1902 till the revolution of last
July he was more closely watched
than ever. From the beginning he
sided with the Young Turk party, and
after its success the deposed sultan re
ceived his brother most cordially in the
palace, the first time'te had ever done
so. This was in last August.
Unlike Abdul Hamid, who has a face
as repulsive as his character, Rechad,
or, as he is now known, Mohammed V.,
is one of the handsomest men in Con
stantinople. He is also very popular,
bnly a few have had the chance to
know him owing to the espionage he
was formerly under, but these few
found him courteous, humane, well in
formed and progressive. He has kept
thoroughly abreast of current politics
not only in Turkey, but throughout the
world. He is a good farmer. He has
also been a general in the Ottoman
army and was liked by the troops. Re
chad is said to resemble his father,
who was a practical reformer and one
of the most popular sultans in modern
Turkish history.
The Heir Apparent.
The Sultan Abdul Aziz, the prede
cessor and uncle of Abdul Hamid II.,
had a stormy reign, which ended in his
practical dethronement and murder.
He was regarded as extravagant and
impulsive. Yusuf Izzedine Eflendi, who
now becomes heir apparent, is his eld
est son and therefore cousin of Abdul
Hamid, "the great assassin."
It is a piece of poetic justice that the
man who crowds Abdul Hamid off
the throne is one whom that intrigu
ing and suspicious monarch kept prac
tically imprisoned for the past thirty
years. The pictuie is made still more
attracthe to lovers of justice by rea
son that the heir apparent is the son
of the murdered Abdul Aziz, another
of those who suffered through the
crimes and schemings of the unspeak
able one. As Yusuf is fifteen years
younger than the new sultan, he is al
most certain to come to the throne
unless, indeed, he dies too suddenly, as
often happens to crown princes in
Turkey. It would seem that the air
about the Turkish throne is unhealthy.
What through harems, prisons, poi
sons, sacks for the Bosporus and
midnight daggers, the head that is
destined for a crown has infinite trou
ble in keeping itself in place. That
Mohammed V. has lived till he is six
ty-five shows that times have improv
ed and court murders have gone out
of fashion. Under the customs of the
good old days he would have been
food for the Bosporus fishes long ago
It must be said for Abdul Hamid that
amid all his other slaughterings he
did not kill his brothers, although he
did lock them up and set spies to
watch them day and night, which to
any man of spirit would be worse than
Mohammed Rechad is gray of head
and rather weak of chin, but educat
ed, refined and amiable. He reads
French readily, as do most of the
higher class of the Young Turks. In
deed, not a little of the spirit of the
French revolution has been observa
ble in the revolution at Constantinople.
The world, after all, is a small place,
and liberty as well as liberalism is
The Young Turks.
With a ruler of this character, whose
sympathies have been for years with
the Young Turks and who cheerfully
pccepts the restrictions placed about
him by the new constitution, it is read
ily apparent that a better day has
dawned in Turkey and that hence
forth the real power of government
will be in the hands of the Young
Turks themselves The advance made
in the revolution of last July is thus
made permanent. The party of prog
ress has broken the old sultan that
dared to oppose it and has intrenched
itself so thoroughly that there will be
no further efforts at dislodgment. As
In England under Cromwell and
France under the convention, the sov
ereignty has passed from the crown to
the forum, from the king to the par
liament. The people are emerging
from the shadow of the throne. We
are coming into the kingdom of man.
Liberty is to be the new political gos
pel in all lands. Democracy, having
captured the Occident, is now storm
ing the strongholds of the orient. It is
no longer so much a question of the
cross against the crescent as it is a
question of progress against privilege.
The Young Turks are imbued with the
spirit of the twentieth century, are
trying to keep step with western Eu
rope and America. They stand for the
reign of common sense, common hu
manity, common decency. They are
democrats in turbans. They have
shown to Christian nations that the
conquest denied to the sword of the
crusader has been granted to the
torch of science and the wand of free
dom. In this case "peace hath her vic
tories" transcending those of "war."
the results of this revolution are infi
nitely hopeful, the most hopeful signs
seen in recent days.
Three conspicuous leaders of the
Young Turks are Ahmed Riza, the
president of the chamber of deputies
General Schefket Pasha, the command
er of the victorious army that has just
captured Constantinople, and Enver
Bey, his assistant in command, to
whom Schefket Pasha chivalrously
gives credit for planning the cam
paign. All three of these men have
gained many of their ideas through
contact with the outside world, Ahmed
Riza through banishment from his
country and Schefket Pasha through
education in Germany. Enver Bey
was in Germany at the time the recent
revolt broke out, but hurried home in
time to organize for the march on Con
stantinople, which has resulted in the
dethronement of Abdul Hamid.
The Hymn of liberty.
These men will do much to shape
the course of empire under the reign
of Mohammed V. It is significant that
at the coronation of the new sultan the
hymn sung was not the usual Hamidian
hymn, but the hymn of liberty. Even
more significant is the statement of
the ruler himself to M. H. Donohue
of the London Chronicle, who has
been friendly with the Young Turk
leaders for years. It is the first time
a ruler of Turkey ever gave a state
ment to the press, another sign of Mo
hammed's progressive character. Here
is the statement in full:
"During my seclusion of thirty-tfyree
years my enemies have slandered me.
They have said that I was a madman,
bordering on imbecility, and shut me
up for years. But Allah has so willed
it that now in his merciful bounty he
has been pleased to call me to fulfill
my destiny and rule over Islam.
"I beg you to be the envoy for the
deliverance of a message which I
would send to Europe and to the en
tire world and which is the first of its
kind ever to be sent out from within
these walls
"Say to them that I have ever been
the convinced and ardent supporter of
the cause of enlightment, liberty and
progress By the help of Allah, the
most high, I shall follow unswerving
ly the path of duty, seeking to act
justly and honorably to all men, be
they giaours or true believers.
"My voice has been silent for thirty
three years, but the voice of true con
science has never been stilled. You
ask me what I think of the situation
in modern Turkey as I find it today
after the political resuscitation of long
years. I will tell you that though shut
up here I have contrived, feebly per
haps, to keep in touch with the march
of progress of the outside world
"The few partisans who have been
loyal to me through the dark days of
adversity are aware that from my
earliest years, while faithful to the
precepts and teachings of the Koran,
I have been an advocate of a consti
tutional charter and parliamentary in
stitutions. From this opinion I have
never deviated. I hold it today as
strongly as I did when a young man
seeking to imbibe the knowledge of
western civilization and its methods.
"I am a firm supporter of the policy
of young Turkey, with full enjoyment
of political freedom. I see nothing in
it incompatible with Mohammedan
sacred law."
Personal Description of Mohammed.
A person who is well acquainted
with Mohammed V. gives the follow
ing sketch:
"He is tall and well proportioned,
but inclined to stoop. His features are
regular, but he has a hooked nose like
that of Abdul Hamid. His eyes are
blue, and his hair and beard are light
red. His manners are very gracious
and easy, and he is exceedingly gen
erous and kind. He is not at all
fanatical, but he is sincerely religious.
He plays unusually well on the piano,
and he is a great admirer of classical
"Like the deposed sultan, the new
ruler of Turkey is a good draftsman,
and he sketches well. He has two
wives and several children, three of
whom are boys. His wives are both
highly educated and are the daughters
of distinguished pashas. They dress
at home In the French fashion."
This is the first constitutional mon
arch of the Ottoman empire, mark
ing the beginning of a new order In
one grand division of the human race.
The sun of liberty has risen over a
new quarter of the earth.
i s* i,
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cure of the sick and the invalid. All forms of
Eleotrical Treatment. Medical Baths, Massage.
X-ray Laboratory, Trained Nurses in attend
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Charges reasonable.
Trained Nurses furnished for sickness
in private families.
H. C. COONEY, M. D.,
riedical Director,
MISS ESTHER MELINE. Superintendent.
Merchant Tailor
A large assortment of the latest pat- $
terns on hand at all times 4*
Resident Photographer
The Highest Grade Work
Studio Opposite Dr. Coon
ey's Office
The Rural
Telephone Co.
Lines to Dalbo, Cambridge, Santi
ago. Freer and Olendorado.
I37~ Good Service in Princeton and to all
adjoining points We connect with the
Northwestern Long Distance Telephone
Patronize a Home Concern.
Service Day and Night.
Under the Personal Supervision of
For the Care of Surgical, Maternity
and Noncontagious Medical Cases
1 Princeton Minnesota
T. J. KALIHER, Proprietor,
Princeton, Minn.
Single and Double Rigs
-at a /foments' Notice.
Commercial Travelers' Trade a Specialty.
Cor Sale.
A solid brick dwelling house, 10
rooms, hardwood finish, with full
basement, 28 by 30 feet also a barn
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cash or five years' time. Apply to
Lewis Robideau, Route 1, Princeton.
Fit guaranteed and prices right
Cleaning Pressing
Main Street, Princeton
Great Slaughter 1
of Hampden Watches
While They Last
Here is a Genuine Bargain:
17 Jeweled Nickle Hampden Movement
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Come WKile They Last.
Farm Mortgages,
Insurance, Collections.
jr*^- &J
First National Bank
of Princeton, Minnesota.
Paid up Capital, $30,000
A General Banking Busi
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Loans Made on Approved
Interest Paid on Time De
Foreign and Domestic Ex
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission
or by the day.
Princeton State Bank
Capital $20,000
a G*n*r*l
Banking Business
Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
W Make
A Specialty
Farm Loans^o
Townsend Building,
Princeton, Minn.
'!'!'X-' I' '1'!- it fr t*
Dealer in
Fresh and Salt Meats, Lard,
Poultry, Fish and Game in Season.
Both Telephones.
Main Street, (Opposite Starch Factory.) Princeton, Minn.
The Foot=Schulze
Shoes and Oxfords
The Foot-Schulze Shoes and
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you will be satisfied. Sold by
=3 3
Solomon Long
1 1 n'liMiiiiiiriifiiii .111

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