Newspaper Page Text
THE PRINCETON UNION R. O DUNN. *blislkd m*riheT Thndar rRMS-si.oo PEH YEAR IN ADYANOE. Si.25 IF NOT PAID IN ADVANOE. PPIOBI FIRST 8 EAST OP OOURTHOUSE. 0. 1. STAPLES, BulneM Manager. TH05-. H. PROW5B Editor. A Dakota man is building an air ship of paper. Rather an expensive undertaking at the present price of the material. It looks like an early winter all right. Here's a sign that never fails: Those canny Scots up at Duluth are already preparing for the curling season. Premier Asquith has the reputation of being a fearless old fellow. But then it isn't necessary to be a fearless old fellow in order to escape being hit by a hundred brickbats hurled by as many female suffragettes. A contemporary is anxious to as certain who is the logical candidate for Joseph Cannon's place. There will be plenty of time to discuss this stupendous question when Joe fails to insinuate himself into the speaker's chair again. Mrs. Van Deman was the first woman in this country to make a flight in a heavier-than-air machine. She went up with Wilbur Wright in his aeroplane to a great height. Mrs. Van Deman was not, however, the first woman to fiy high. It transpires that Prince Ito was shot by a Korean editor who used poisoned bullets. He's certainly a disgrace to the profession. A Min nesota editor would merely have wal loped Ito and roasted him in his great family journal. Frank A. Day might have continued to act as private secretary to the governor until the first Monday in January, 1911, but, to his credit be it said, he refused to stultify himself. Although Frank's deportment is not perfect he has some sense of political honor. The British Astronomical Journal tells us that observations taken in September show that a portion of Mars is covered by a yellowish veil. Now watch the fashion makers intro duce a Martian veil for the fair sex and charge two dollars for a piece of network worth about two bits. Having accused Uncle Joe of every thing else possible to think of, they say now that the pride of Danville, III., is in league with Tammany. Winnebago Enterprise. This is taking a hard shot at Uncle Joe, for being in league with Tam many is considered equivalent to being in collusion with the devil. The Medical Record, a very reliable journal, is authority for the statement that some of the employes of rolling mills work at times in a temperature that attains 235 degrees Farenheit, and that occasionally the workmen's clothing ignites in spite of frequent saturation with water. Hades should have no terrors for men who can with stand such a temperature as this. Congressman Lindbergh of the Sixth district is of the opinion that a great central bank to issue currency and regulate credit is dangerous and objectionable and is in the interest of Wall street. We believe that Mr. Lindbergh voices the sentiments of the common people. Centralization of monetary or political power as a general rule is undesirable. Theodore Roosevelt has gone forth after the bongo, an animal which is said to be very scarce and elusive. In fact no white man has ever killed one, but the natives say it resembles a cartoon which Mr. Roosevelt showed them of a donkeyrepresent ing the democratic partyclipped from a newspaper. That's probably the reason why Theodore is so anxi ous to bag one. In the past nine months, says a St. Petersburg dispatch, one thousand and thirty-eight have been condemned to death in Russia for political offenses, and it is safe to say that a large percentage of these convictions resulted from trumped-up charges. Then is it any surprise that men should seek the life of the czar, the despotic ruler who encourages and countenances such dastardly deeds':' That sturdy old democratic wa*r horse, Michael Doran, sr., of St. Paul, attained his eightieth birthday Monday and he is still hale and hearty. Mr. Doran is a native of county Meath, Ireland, and he has been a resident of Minnesota since 1856. He has participated in many a political fray, and up until the com pletion of President Cleveland's second term was regarded as the democratic boss of the state. The public schools of St. Paul have resurrected the spelling bee and have set apart a certain time every week for putting the children through their facings in orthography. Nothing is more needed in the schools than a thorough brushing up on spelling the great percentage of the pupils of the present day are highly deficient in this branch of the curriculum. Were spelling bees generally introduced into the schools and prizes awarded a decided improvement would soon be noticeable. Frank A. Day is quoted as saying that less than $50,000 was expended in the three Johnson campaigns by the democrats, and that a political man ager with more than $15,000 in his treasury is really embarrassed. No one who knows Frank takes him seri ously. In matters political he has ac quired such a habit of lying that it is utterly impossible for him to tell the truth even were he so disposed, which he is not. Outside of that Frank is a genial companion and a pretty re spectable sort of citizen. Somehow or other the rascally trusts in most cases manage to wriggle from the clutches of the law. The latest instance is that of the sugar trust, whose officers were indicted for criminal conspiracy under the federal anti-trust laws. In this case it is con tended that the statute of limitations bars further prosecution under the in dictmenta case, apparently, where the government's dilatoriness or negligence gave the conspirators a chance to get clear. Trusts are not slow to take advantage of opportuni ties of this sort. Germany has obviously been more successful than any other nation in solving the question of keeping its people at home. Since 1881 immigra tion has gradually decreased. In that year 202,900 Germans came to Ameri ca, while in 1908 the number was less than 20,000. This decrease has been brought about by the fact that the German government has found greater opportunity for developing the em pire, thus making it possible for thousands more people to make a fair living the ruffians' faces and they fled precip itately. Kentucky has become THIS PRINCETON TJNIOft: Now comes the calamitous an nouncement that Mrs. Ruth Bryan have ever heard of was that performed Leavitt has changed he^ notionthat by Edward Olson, a Chicago work- she has decided not to run for con gress. Too bad%^ We feel sure that week. Observing a little girl stand she would be elected and we are anxi- ing between two cars of a Northern ous 'to see that bunch of personified Pacific train which had begun to move spasmsthat coterie of invective Olson rushed to her rescue and sue ejectorswho are part and parcel of ceeded in saving her life, but he, poor the house of representatives re- fellow, was thrown to the ground and formed. cut in two by the wheels. Now here is an instance where Andrew Carnegie could demonstrate a philanthropic spirit by assisting the widow and family of this hero through the medi um of his pension fund. Those London suffragettes are fast devoid of political sense as to do approaching the bomb-throwing stage. At an election in Bermondsey last tenth as much spent on country week a frenzied woman hurled a bottle of corrosive acid and several of the officers near the ballot box were badly burned. It is a pity that women should work themselves into such a state of excitement as to resort to methods of this kind. The lunatic asylumnot the jailis the proper place for such monomaniacs. One of the most heroic deeds' we Referring to the suggestion made by the Pioneer Press that Governor Eberhart should call an e*tra session to consider the Mershon canal and waterways scheme, reapportionment, etc., the Duluth News-Tribune cannot conceive that the -'governor is so anything of the sort, and adds, "One- roads would be worth ten times as much to the state at large, yet nothing is said of this as a subject for extra legislation. Nor is anything said of endorsement of the income tax amend ment, both really live issues." A prince was recently born in an Atlantic City garret among poverty and squalor. The boy's father traces his descent directly back to Moham med and, although he ekes out a miserable existence by selling colored postal cards, he is the Prince of Mount Lebanon. The father is said to be particularly elated over the birth of an heir. But why should he not feel jubilant? Some day, no doubt, when the young man becomes of marriageable age, a Miss Vander bilt, Miss Gould, or one of the many other heiresses will rush into thex old man's little card shop and purchase the son. Then will his days of poverty end. James J. Hill is writing a series of articles on "Highways of Progress" for the World's Work magazine, the first of which, entitled, "What We Must Do to be Fed," appearing in the November number. It is a subject upon which Mr. Hill is fully qualified to write and the article is reading interest," says the author, "is to a nation what good digestion is to a man. The farm is the basis of all in dustry. The soil is the only resource that renews itself continuously after having produced value." He advo cates small farms, crop rotation and renovation by fertilizationintense scientific farming. well worth "A prosperous agricultural The countess of Cardigan, who is 80 years of age, has written a book of memoirs which has set English soci ety agog and aghast. In her younger days the countess was a particularly fly personage and had great oppor tunities for observing the ways of the profligates in the halls of the rich. She also kept a diary. From this diary her memoirs have been written and their sensational nature has made the book sell like hot-cross buns on a good Friday. The countess of Cardigan is evidently a wicked, revengeful and jealous old woman. Unable to longer engage in the frivolities of youththe high kickings of upper-tendomshe turns tattler and gives the secrets of the snobocracy away. The women of the swell Ossoli club of Chicago asked Federal Judge Peter Emperor William has always S. Grosscup to address them last made a strenuous effort to keep his week. He consented and among the subjects at horned things he said were these: "You can't be theologians because you A brave girl indeed is* Miss Kreitz haven't the power of analysis. You of Mason county, Kentucky, who re- can't be lawyers because you are cently put to flight forty night riders devoid of reasoning faculty. You are who battered down the door of her not successful scientists because you father's house. Provided with a can consider only one detail at a double barreled shotgun she fired into time. You are only occasionally successful in business, and you suc a ceed only in those branches of medi- perilous state to live in, especially if cine which call for the exercise of the one is a fobacco grower and refuses to nursing instinct. But you are all sell to the combine, and the continued powerful in the momentous matter of attacks of night riders is a disgrace making a man do what he doesn't to that commonwealth. The existing want to." It is not likely that these condition appears to be one in which fashionable women will endeavor to the governor would be justified in persuade the judge to address 'them calling out the militia and shooting again and, if he is pot careful, the the perpetrators of the diabolical suffragettes will jump, on his neck as deeds which have become so frequent, they did on that of Premier Asquith. It is hardly worth while at this time to heed the admonition of the Pioneer Press to "Study Ic a Little More*' the Mershon canal and waterways. It is a problem that concerns a future generation. The question of good roads is a question of the living present. The permanent improvement of the public highways of Minnesota is a live issue, an issue that vitally concerns every township, hamlet, vil lage and city of the state. George Thompson is again sole owner of the St. Paul Dispatch and also of the Pioneer Press, he having purchased Mr. Charles H. Grasty's interest in both papers. The change of ownership, whereby Mr. Thompson secures complete control of both papers, will meet with the approval of the people of the state generally, for while Mr. Grasty is an able news paper man and is highly regarded by those who were associated with him, he did not succeed in adding to the prestige or popularity xSt either the Dispatch or Pioneer Press. Ernest Fagg is the writer of an in teresting article in the Century maga zine fo November on "Road-Build ing and Maintenance" in France and England. France, Mr. Flagg says, has the finest system of roads of any county in the world. George W. Cooley, secretary and engineer of the Minnesota State Highway com mission, also writes entertainingly of the roads of Norway, Sweden and Denmark. All those countries have a splendid system of public highways. But the conditions are altogether different in the thickly populated European countries than here. The enormous cost and the dearth of road material would preclude the building of such roads in Minnesota at least for several generations. Intelligent state and local supervision can work wonders in road-improvement in this state, and with concerted action on the part of the state highway commission and the local authorities there is no reason why we cannot have a system of good passable highways in every county of the state within a few years. It has heretofore been customery for the governors of New York to take an active part in the municipal cam paigns and Governor Hughes has been reproached by many politicians for refusing to follow this precept. But the governor, it seems to us, is pursuing the proper course in keep ing himself aloof from the fray. He gives reason's for his determination in the following language: "It is clear to me that I ought to take no part in the pending cam paign. Under our system the governor is the reviewing officer to whom the more important officers are accountable. The mayor^ the con troller and the borough presidents are removable by him upon charges. So also are the district attorneys and sheriffs. The governor has no higher prerogative, and he should so conduct himself with regard to all controversies that to the greatest extent possible he may exercise this important juris diction in sustaining and dismissing charges without suggestion of unfair ness or improper motive. I think the governor owes it to his office not to permit himself to become involved in local campaigns, and this policy, which hitherto I have maintained, I desire to continue." SEXA.TORIS NOT ELIGIBLE If EXT YEAR. Every once in a while some member of the state senate is mentioned for governor the latest is Senator Glotz back of Faribault, who is quoted in the Pioneer Press as saying that he would consider it a great honor to re ceive the democratic nomination for governor. No member of the senate is eligible to the governorship or lieutenant governorship next year, for the reason that the compensation of the governor and lieutenant governor was increased at the 1907 sessionSenator French of Winona would be eligible as he was elected to fill a vacancy and was not a member in 1907. Section 9 article 4 of the state constitution admits of no mis interpretation by the attorney general or anyone else it plainly provides that, no senator or representative shall hold an office under the state wheh has been created or the emolu ments of which have been increased during the session of the legislature of which he was a member, until one year after the expiration of his term of office in the legislature. A DOUBTFUL PROPOSITION. 'V\ Will some member of the legislature please explain the object the* pro posed amendment to section 23*of article 4 of the state constitution, which was enacted at the last session and will be voted upon at the general election next year? What necessity was there for any change in the sec tion in question? Chapter 509, laws of 1909 should be entitled "An act to prevent indefinite ly a fair apportionment of the state." Here is section 23 article 4 of the state constitution as it is: "The legislature shall provide by law for an enumeration of the inhabi tants of this state in the year 1865, and every tenth year thereafter. At their first session after each enumera tion so made, and also at their first session after each enumeration made by the authority of the United States, the legislature shall have the power to prescribe the bounds of con gressional, senatorial and representa tive districts, an to apportion anew the senators and representatives among the several districts according to the provisions of section second of this article." The language above quoted is mandatory. But our legislators have disregarded the fundamental law of the state as there has been no ap portionment since 1897. Here is the proposed amendment, which if adopted by the voters will be substituted for the section of the constitution above quoted: "The legislature shall provide by law for enumeration of the inhabitants of this state in the year 1915 and every ten years thereafter. At any session after any enumeration of the inhabitants of this state made pursu ant to law and also at any session after each enumeration made by the authority of the United States, the legislature shall have the power to prescribe the bounds of congressional, senatorial and representative districts, or any of the same, and to apportion anew the senators and representatives among the several districts according to the provisions of section 2 of this article." Mark the phraseology employed in the above, "a any session after any enumeration." Could anything be more indefinite? But there is nothing ambiguous about the words, "at their first session after each enumeration." The constitution as it is virtually commands the legislature to make a new apportionment of members of the house and senate at their first session after either a state or United States census the proposed amendment leaves it to the discretion of the legis lature.to apportion anew the senators and representatives at ANY SESSION. If the amendment is adopted there will be no reapportionment until the 1913 session, for the senators will not legislate themselves out of office at the end of two years. There should be a fair apportionment of the state at the next session of the legislature on the basis of population as provided in section 2 article 4 of the constitu tion. It is claimed that the word "mill" was surreptitiously substituted for the word "cent" in the bushel grain tax law.. We do not believe the story. The members of the legislature did not understand the measure, neither did the governor. Governor Johnson assured the writer shortly after the adjournment of the legislature that had he fully understood the effect of the bill it never would have received his assent. The Union was the first paper in the state to call attention to the grossly inadequate tax imposed by the provisions of the law. Now the tax commission admits that double the amount of taxes were de rived under the old ad valorem sys tem of taxing grain in elevators. The bushel grain tax law is the first fruits of the wide open tax amendment to the constitution. Under the constitution as it was such a law would have been null and void. Always Except Princeton We predict that in five years time Mora will be exporting more potatoes than any other point in the potato belt. Our soil is particularly adapted to this product and our surrounding territory unlimited which only awaits development by the progressive farmer.Mora Times. Mora is a fine little town and is the center of a good agricultural terri tory, butr it will be several times five years before it surpasses Princeton as a primary potato market. This season it is estimated by competent judges, that there will be 2,000 cars of potatoes shipped from this point. TREAT 8BTILER8 T.lBXlR^MLjr. Several articles have appeared in. the Pioneer Press rceently anent state swamp lands and the rights of settlers The well-informed St. Paul corre spondent of the Northfield News also discusses the matter at length. The state auditor cannot be blamed for protecting the interests of the state against timber-grabbers, but he should pursue a liberal policy where actual bona fide settlers are con cerned. When a bona fide settler files upon a piece of land that is not swampy, although the records may show that it is, the better policy would be not to contest the settler's right to the land. Many thousands of acres have been certified to the state as swamp lands which are not and never were of a swampy character. In years gone by the state never seriously con tested a settler's right to a piece of swamp land. The Union agrees with the Northfield News that it is a mistake to denude state land of all its timber before offering it for sale for agricultural purposes. In comment ing on an article from the Fergus Falls Journal relative to the sale of state lands the i on of July 8,1909, said: "Then again there is small induce ment to purchase land in a timber country when there is not enough timber^ left on a forty to construct a two by four hen-coop. Land chiefly valuable for its timber should not be sold as argicultural land, but there is no sense in offering land for sale for agricultural purposes after every sapling that would make a fence post has been removed. In a timber coun try enough scattering timber should be left to at least enable the pur chaser of the land to erect fence posts upon which to string wire to protect his garden patch." Where land is chiefly valuable for the timber it contains the timber ought to be sold separately. But scattering timber should go with the land, and if necessary to protect the interests of the state a larger cash payment than the statutory 15 per cent could be exacted. The state land commissioner has large dis cretionary powers and he should, and doubtless will, act for the best inter ests of the state and at the same time deal fairly with actual settlers who are attempting to make homes for themselves in northern Minnesota. On several occasions a tax expert from New York city has appeared before the Minnesota legislature and brazenly discussed the subject of equitable taxation, and the twin city papers, when arguing in favor of the wide open tax amendment, (which was never adopted by a vote of the people but which was read into our constitution by a majority of the su preme court justices), frequently re ferred to the enlightened system of taxation in vogue in New York state. The writer has repeatedly pointed out that there is scarcely anything in New York's taxing system that could be profitably imitated by Minnesota. New York city is the paradise of tax-dodgers. In one of his news paper articles on "The Art of Tax Dodging1' Frederick J. Haskin says of New York: "So notorious has the practice of tax dodging in that city become that the report of a tax com mission says that the personal prop erty tax has degenerated into a tax on ignorance and honestyon ignor ance because anyone who is not a fit subject for a lunatic asylum can dodge it, and on honesty because only the people of the most rigid sense of honesty do not dodge it." What Bobbie Wanted to Know He asked so many questions that day that he finally wore out his mother's patience. "Robert, "she cried, "if you ask me another question I shall put you to bed without your supper." Robert promptly asked another and was packed off to bed. Later his mother repented. After all, asking questions was the only way he could acquire knowledge so she tiptoed upstairs, knelt beside Robert's bed, and told him she was sorry. "Now, dear," she said, "if you want to ask one more question before you go to sleep, ask it now and I will try to answer." Robert thought for a moment, then said, "Mother, how far can a cat spit?"Success. What Time Is It, Please? Rockford and Illinois watches will give you the correct time. L. G. Prescott, the jeweler, has them in all grades. Next to Evens Hardware Store, Main street, Princeton.