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IMWPfl 2 ^'i^if^l *o*o*o*o*o*o*o*a*o*o*o*oif *o*oo*o*o*io4o*o*o*o4o*o*o T*Hwas E Lincoln park zoo in Chicago a hotbed of tuberculosis a few years ago. Lions, tigers, reindeer, pythons, buffaloes, os trichesno species of animal seemed immune. But the monkey house was the center of trouble. Here there were practically only two causes of death violence, for monkeys are great fight ers, and tuberculosis, says McClure's Magazine. Dr. William A. Evans, pathologist of the zoo, performed an autopsy on every animal that died. There were fifty or sixty deaths a year, and 80 per cent of these were from tubercu losis. When appealed to Cy De Vry, the superintendent, called Dr. Evans' attention to the fact that so far as cir cumstances would permit they faced conditions of temperature as in their wild states. He had found that the average tem perature in monkey countries was 85 degrees F. The zoo monkey got that out of doors in summer. When winter came they *eie taken inside, steam heat was turned on and their quar ters kept at about 85 degrees. Cold Air Doctrine Tried. The next fall the zoo purchased its usual consignment of monkeys, most of them fresh from the tropics and in good condition. As usual, though, five had been in this country long enough to become sad and mangy specimens, having practically no hair and with skin drawn tightly around their bones feeble, timid and feverish. At Dr. Evans' suggestion these were placed aside as safe subjects for ex periment, and as the winter came on they were kept in a place where they were constantly exposed to its chill ing drafts. A thatched shelter was provided into which they could re treat when the weather became too icy, but no artificial heat was supplied. With the gradual approach of winter the monkeys showed as natural an in clination for the cold, open air as their healthy brothers did for the hotwere drafts inside the monkey house. Pres ently there appeared upon their ema ciated bodies a faint sprouting of hair, which grew thicker as the weath er became more severe. Before the winter was over all of them had thick brown furry coats their muscles had grown large and strong they ate eagerly and manifested an increased desire for the favorite simian pastime fighting. But the twenty monkeys that had entered the steam heated monkey house in splendid physical condition had not fared so well. By spring not a single one was aliveall had died of tuberculosis. The five outdoor animals, however, never showed the slightest trace of the disease. And two of them are still liv ing, strong, healthy, active and fero cious, though the cold air experiment was made five years ago. Of thetels other three one broke its back in a fall, one died in giving birth to young, and the third succumbed to paralysis Cy De Vry at once revised his philos ophy of animal hygiene he lecogmzed that the point was not to make the cli mate adaptable to your animal, but to make your animal adapt itself to thr climate. The Lincoln park zoo, wm tei and summer, became an open air, cold air zoo As a result of this reform there is no inoie tuberculosis in the park Infi-ve years there has not been a single death from this disease. People Also Thrive. Events soon gave this same Dr Ev ans a large measure of influence over health conditions in Chicago When Mayor Busse came into office in Jan uaiy, 1907. his greatest problem was the selecting of a health commissioner When he declared that he would ap point any man whom the medical pro fession should select a big committee of Chicago doctois unanimously decid ed on Dr Evans. In an lm estigation early in his term Dr. E\ans showed precisely the kind of air that the people of Chicago were breathing The laboratory experts re ported that in one of the largest the aters the air was worse than that in English prison cells. In the street cars the passengers were breathing, along with minimum quantities of oxy gen, microscopic particles of "soot, sand, hair, starch, wool from cloth ing" and other materials This descrip tion, of course, fits most American cities Hygienists divide the contagious dis eases chiefly into three classes as be ing caused by one of three thingsim pure water, impure food or impure air. Typhoid is the most important disease of the first class and is caused main ly by drinking impure water. Dysen tery is the most important of the sec ond, caused largely by eating impure food, while the diseases most common ly caused by impure air are tuberculo sis, pneumonia and bronchitis Everywhere modern science has made wonderful progress in combating the diseases caused by bad water and bad food. Take the city of Chicago for example. It built its famous drainage canal and at a stroke cut down its ty phoid rate nearly 500 per cent By tlio careful inspection of food, especial ly the babies' milk supply, the dysen teiy death rate was cut in half. But the story of the impure air diseases is not so reassuring. When Dr Evans took charge of the health department these diseases in stead of decreasing were increasing New York, Boston and other American o*o*o*o*o*o*o*o*o**o*o*o*o* 0*0*0*0*0*0*0*0*0*0*0*0*0* cities had made great progress in sub duing tuberculosis. In Chicago the progress was almost inappreciable. Pneumonia was on the increase. More people were dying of this than of any other disease. In Chicago fifty years ago pneumonia ranked eighth as the most frequent cause of death. By 1907 it was first in rank. Forced Air I Cars. Dr. Evans first directed his atten tion to the street cars. He approached the railroad companies and suggested changes. In all attempts to ventilate street cars he insisted on the reogni tion of two fundamental principles some apparatus must be contrived to force the used up warm air out at the top of the car and the fresh, cold air must be introduced at the bottom. Dr. Evans explained all this to the railroad companies, but they did not readily see the point. He then prompt ly brought suits, but he did not have to push them far, for as soon as they saw that the health commissioner meant business the corporations agreed to ventilate the cars. In the roofs of these cars are ex haust appliances which mechanically suck out the used up air in the floors, and under the seats are large intakes into which the outside air constantly pours and after passing over the steam coils rises into the breathing zone. On the coldest days, when the doors and windows are shut tight and when the cars are packed, every passenger has an allotment of 400 cubic feet of out side air an hour. Then Dr. Evans tackled the schools, went through them and found an as tonishing percentage of backward pu pils. The thing most responsible for their backwardness was hot, dry air. All air fit for the sustenance of hu man beings contains a large percent age of water vapor. The Chicago schools and the public schools in nearly all American cities took this humid air from outdoors and heated it until nearly all the water was squeezed out The school rooms thus filled with air the relative humidity of which was only 18, -where as nature's own air contains about 72. The child subjected to such an atmos phere for any length of time becomes kiln dried and unfitted to perform the usual functions of his body, to say nothing of his mind. As a result of this agitation the Chi cago educational system has originat ed a new verb, "to humidify." The meaning is simple. All hot air before entering the school room is passed through jets of water or of steam. It now picks up its moisture in "humidi fying" chambers in the basement in stead of in the throats and nasal pas sages of the children and teachers. Made Bakeries Sanitary. Dr. Evans took hold of the under ground bakeries and insanitary kitch ens, even invading the first class ho and restaurants. The latter fought him and succeeded in getting the law under which he was working declared unconstitutional. But after a year's struggle Dr. Evans has obtained a new ordinance giving him power to close any bakery having improper lighting, ventilation or general sanitation. Next he paid his respects to thelieved nickel theaters. Chicago already had devoted some ordinances to the moral side of the movmg picture show. As a result of his demand that the 700 or 800 theaters of this sort in Chicago should be adequately ventilatedand the doctor specifies what he means by "adequately"there is now plenty of breathable air in these places. Laws have been passed recently for the ven tilation of department stores, facto ries, mills, workshops and other estab lishments of like character But the most pressing need is to reach the people in their homes. There is no law requiring the people to open their windows, to sleep out of doors, to let a gale blow through their living rooms several times a day. The only possible recourse was an appeal to public opinion. With this idea Dr. Evans became an agitator, a spell binder for fresh air. He went active ly upon the stump, preaching this new evangel from many platforms. Great Health Advertiser. It is almost impossible for the peo ple of Chicago, however much they try, to escape Dr. Evans' advice. The subject is forced upon their attention everywhere. If they go to church, to their lodge, to the theater, they are pretty likely to hear it. In nearly every trolley and elevated car in Chi cago warning placards appear: "Dirty air is death." "Fresh air prevents consumption and pneumonia." "Ven tilate all the time, winter and summer, day and night." "Too much fresh air is just enough." That this campaign has affected the daily lives of the people is evident in many ways. Chicago is rapidly be coming a great out of door city. It has organized associations and move ments with the sole aim of making Chicago afresh air town. When Dr. Evans started preaching these diseases appeared on the debit side of his "sanitary trial balance" that is, the death rate from them was increasing. At the beginning of the present year Dr. Evans struck another balance, and this time these diseases appeared on the credit sidethat is, the death rate from them was decreas ing. The gain was a small one, about 9 per cent, but the fact that there was a decrease instead of an increase show ed that the preliminary skirmish had been won. THJC PMINUKTQ* V* luiN WEST POINT UNIF0RMSv, Cadets Must Sacrifice Comfort For the Sake of Looks. "It is true." said a retired army offi cer in a discussion of West Pointers with the Washington Herald, "that many West Pointers acquire a figure of perfection of symmetry and a car riage the acme of manly grace, but these are due not to any ingenious ap pliances, but to the systematic drills and exercises that make the cadet, to a certain extent an athlete. At the outset these young fellows are put through what are called the 'setting up' exercises, their object being to straighten the body and develop the chest. One might suppose that it would require a great amount of such exer cise to make any marked showing, but three long hours of such exercise daily will soon produce beneficial results in the most stooped forms. "The cadet uniform is also a great help in this direction. The dress coat is tight, very tight. The shoulders are heavily padded in order to give them a square effect The chest is made thick, so that there will be no danger of wrinkling And in size anew dress coat seems always to be designed for a boy several times smaller than the one who is to wear it. A new dress coat, in fact, is always a source of suffering to its owner. When he first puts it on it buttons readily about the neck, but seems to lack about six inches at the waist The owner may squirm and wriggle and attempt to re duce his waist to a minimum circum ference, but his maiden efforts are never sufficient to button the new dress coat. Experience is a great teacher, though, and the young fellow laugh ingly requests one or two of his friends to lend their assistance, and he finally succeeds in buttoning the coat All this for the sake of looks Comfort has no place in the makeup of a West Pointer it's discipline and looks WATCHED OVER BY SATAN. The Holland Primrose. There is a plant in Holland known as the evening primrose, which grows to a height of five or six feet and bears a profusion of large yellow flowers so brilliant that they attract immediate attention, even at a great distance, but the chief peculiarity about the plant is the fact that the flowers, which open just before sunset burst into bloom so suddenly that they give one the impression of some magical agency. A man who has seen this sud den blooming says it is just as if some one had touched the land with a wand and thus covered it all at once with a golden sheet A Reflection on the Horse. "My husband," bragged Mrs. Jones, "was a famous long distance runner in his day He once outran a horse in a twenty mile race." "Isn't that funny?" answered Mrs. Smith. "We once had a horse like that." Now Jones and Smith wonder why their wives don't speak.Buffalo Ex press. Father Did the Work. NTHUKSDAY, the Superstitions That Twine About Mandrake Plant. The little plant the mandrake has a wealth of tradition centering round it such as is seldom found in floral lore Quite an insignificant little plant with a spindle shaped root often divided into two or three forks and rudely re sembling the human form, it is doubt less from this latter fact that it has derived its name Langhorne in the latter part of the eighteenth century tells us to Mark how the rooted mandrake wears His human feet, his human hands, while it was once believed that a per son pulling up a mandrake would in stantly fall dead. This was said to be because the mandrake had a human heart at its root and when pulled it would scream in such a fearsome man ner as to terrify the hearer to death or else induce madness. Shakespeare alludes to this where he says And shrieks like mandrakes torn out of the earth. That living mortals, hearing them, run mad And again "King Henry VII," where Suffolk, asked by Queen Mar garet whether he has not spirit to curse his enemies, replies Would curses kill, as doth the mandrake's groan. I would invent as bitter, searching terms As curst, as harsh, as horrible to hear Prom time immemorial the man drake has been associated with en chantments and has ever been be to be one of the most powerful charms of witches Mr. Conway in a paper on "Mystic Trees and Flowers" states that "by popular superstitions in some places it is said to be per petually watched over by Satan, and if it be pulled up at certain holy times and with certain invocations the evil spirit will appear to do the bidding of the practitioner" Westminster Re view are "Why should you beg? You young and strong." "That is right, but my father is old and weak and can no longer support me "Meggendorfer Blatter. Conceited. NellPolly says her fiance is aw fully conceited BelleIn what way? NellHe has never once told her that he is unworthy of her.Philadelphia Record. A Philosopher. "Pa, what is a philosopher?" "A philosopher, my boy, is one who tells other people that their troubles don't amount to much."Detroit Free Press. IllilllWIltli lUllllllllllSlMIIIHi SEPTEMBER^, 1*10. NORTHWESTERN HOSPITAL AND SANITARIUM. (ESTABLISHED 1900) A private institution which combines all the advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital with the quiet and comfort of a refined and elegant home Modern in every respect No Insane, contagious or other objectionable cases received Rates are as low as the most effi cient treatment and the best trained nursing will permit. H. C. COONEYt M. D., nedical Director, MISS ANNA JOHNSON Superintendent TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO The melancholy days have come because there are no watermelons to be had for love or money. Mr. Ben]. McKenzie was in town yesterday and remembered the printer to the extent of five dollars. The county commissioners have wisely determined to shut down on would-be paupers who are too lazy to work. It is a good plan. Miss Sarah Chadbourne left for St. Cloud on Saturday morning to re sume her studies at the Normal school, from which she expects to graduate next spriong. Miss Belle Severance's school in the Judkins district, Baldwin, closed last Friday. Miss Severance kept a good school and seemed to be a favorite with both pupils and parents. Chester Ames is busy erecting a neat dwelling house on a pretty lot in the south end of the village. Chester is a sensible young man who believes in the adage, "Before you marry be sure of a house wherein to tarry." Lowell Chadbourne is at Water town, Dakota, while his brother Will has struck a good job at carpentering at Wahpelton in the same territory. Lowell is not very favorably im pressed with the country out there. Mr. Chas. Van Wormer of the Cam bridge Press, accompanied by his wife and little son, came over on Fri day. Charles was obliged to return agaiq on Saturday but Mrs. Van Wormer and son are still here visit ing friends. Mr. I. F. Walker, the wide-awake, progressive Spencer Brook merchant, was in town on Monday and called at the Union office to leave his order for a supply of printed stationery. Like all intelligent business men, Ike believes in printer's ink. Spencer Brook Correspondence. R. C. Dunn and Miss Minnie Young, also Mr. Joseph Hickman and Miss Jessie Cowles, were foraging through Tsanti county last Monday afternoon in search of melons, and tarried at the Brook long enough to get their hash As announced last week, the fall term of school in this village com menced Monday. There were 130 pupils in attendance the first day, and it is expected that from 75 to 100 more will attend before the first of October. There are 240 enrolled pupils in the village school district. During the past few weeks we have heard people from every section of the county express themselves on being in favor of the building of a new court house and jail. There would be little or no opposition to a proposition to bond the county for, say $8,000, for the purpose of erecting a decent court hQuse and jail. The democratic nominee for gov ernor of Iowa was a rank copperhead during the war, and publicly declared that he "hoped no soldier who goes into the Abolition war will ever come back alive." There are quite a few old soldiers in the Hawkeye state who will, on election day, convince the cowardly, fire-in-the-rear rebel that they are thoroughly alive. A woman and her son from Orrock, Sherburne county, were in town on Saturday and sold a load of hay to Mrs. Wood, a poor washerwoman of this village. The hay was weighed on Bines' scales by Ike Patterson. Mr. Patterson was informed that the Or rock lady had had several sacks of squashes, melons, etc., in the load of hay when it was weighed and that she had secreted them in a vacant lot be fore delivering the hay. Ike sent word to Mrs. Wood not to pay for the hay until he had corrected the weight bill, which he did by deducting 600 pounds for tare and tret. Besides, the lady from Orrock lost her melons the boys had stolen them. Oc casionally it pays to be honest. For farm loans go to Robt. H. King. He gives lowest rates, best terms and quick service. 50-tf *m** M. A. M"!.^!^..!..!..!^..^^ [I'1"1'* Main Street, %^m^m^*mm ^*^m^*^+^iu First National Bank of Princeton, Minnesota. Paid up Capital, $30,000 A General Banking Busi ness Transacted. Loans Made on Approved Security. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either or by the day. Princeton State Bank Capital $20,000 m. General Farm Mortgages, Insurance, Collections. Security State Bank Princeton, Minnesota Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000 JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier "M"l"M'l* tUM 1 11 WWi 1 IJH'l 1111 IMMM.IMU 111 M. S. RUTHERFOBD E. L. MCMILLAN We Make A Specialty Farm Loans!/0 I M. S. RUTHERFORD & CO. TowBMnd Building, I Princeton, Minn. i..i..i. 1 .i..i.*i.i i 1 I.IIJ.J.,1, 111111 t.t, 111 111111111111 111111 of w^**^*^ ^^^M^w%wi^k^w G. H. GOTTWERTH, Dealer In Prime Meats of Every Variety, Poultry, Fish, Etc. Highest market prices paid for Cattle art Hogs. ptmrnmmmmmmmmmYmmmmmmmmmmmniy i Building Material tof All Kinds I PRINCETON LUMBER CO. EE GEO. A. COATES, ilanager i'*"M"i"M"i"i i"ii 1 i itt' Violin Lessons Terms Reasonable ^UUUUUUUtUUUUiiOUiiUUiliUUUIUUUiiUUiuuuuuUiU^ DONALD MARSHALL! Inquire at Ewing's Music Store or at Supt. Marshall's Residence 1 1 I 1 I 1 lI 1 1 M"V 1 I 1 1 Foley Kidney Pills Tonic in quality and action, quick in results. For backache, headache, dizziness, nervousness urinary ir regularities and rheumatism. For sale by all druggists. w* *S-f Interest Paid on Time De posits. Foreign and Domestic Ex change. S. S. PETTERSON, President. T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres. J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier. on commission Banking Business Interest Paid on Time Deposits. J. J. SKAHEN. Cashier. A. Princeton. ^WX WiM*MMW Come in and look our Mill Work over, such 2 as Sash, Doors, Mouldings, Window and 3 Door Frames and Porch Finish. We have 2 a fine stock on hand. 3 You Are Thinking of I Building a House E or barn, or making repairs, come in and look 3 at our Lap and Drop Siding, Flooring and 3 gj Common Boards. Red and White Cedar 3 Shingles, none better on the market, and at 3 gr prices that suit. 3 |--I"l"l"M"I"t"i"i-'i'.i..i..i..i..|..i..|..|..i..i..i.ii PETER MOEGER Merchant Tailor New spring and summer patterns have arrived. Call and Inspect them Fit guaranteed and prices right Repairing Cleaning Pressing Main Street, Princeton 1 111 |.M .M H..M..M, n.