Prospective Oklahoma Capital
Has 60,000 Population.
IS BUT 21 YEARS O AGE.fifty-onehiyears
Chamber of Commerce, Which Keeps
Tab on Town's Resources, Secured
Big Packing Plant by Bonus, Then
Cleared That by Platting and Selling
Adjacent Town Lots.
The city of Oklahoma is only twenty
one years old. In 1889 it was an open
field. Now it has 60,000 people, well
paved streets, steel skyscrapers and a
thriving business, with all the bustle
and prosperity of a growing city.
Month by month the people who see
the bank clearings as they are pub
lished have wondered at the progress
of this town. It is one of the two that
have run Atlanta a close race in the
ratio of business increase. What was
the cause of it? Who did it?
These questions were answered at
the recent convention of the southern
commercial secretaries, where A. W.
McKeand, secretary of the Oklahoma
chamber of commerce, told of its work.
It has 1,192 members and embraces in
its operations almost every function
of a civic organization, including even
the work of the associated charities.
Keeps Tab on Town.
The secretary has twenty assistants,
each in charge of a department The
chamber conducts a credit clearing
house for the wholesale trade with
26,000 names on its reference books
and runs a similar bureau for the re
The recent announcement that Okla
homa City had secured two of the
largest packing house plants in the
world has caused the city builders of
the whole country to sit up and take
notice Mr. McKeand told how they
did it, and the incident shows the won
derful spirit that makes the western
towns grow at such a wonderful rate.
The president and secretary of the
Oklahoma chamber of commerce, after
preliminary negotiations with a big
Chicago packing firm and a careful
study of the town by that firm, reached
an agreement one night, and the next
day money was raised to carry out the
The chamber of commerce agreed
to pay $300,000 for the establishment
there of a plant that would employ
1,500 men, one-half this sum to be paid
on completion of the plant and the re
mainder when it had been operation
a year at full capacity. The Oklaho
mans also bought 500 acres of land
contiguous to the plant and proposed
to sell lots
At 10 o'clock the next morning a
meeting was callled at the chamber of
commerce to raise the money Sub
scriptions started at $10,000 and $20,-
000 and ran down to $1,000 In a little
while enough money was subscribed
to pay for the $300,000 bonus and the
City Clears Its Bonus.
The work went ahead, the packers
made good, and the land was cut into
lots and sold for a profit large enough
to pay the $300,000 bonus and about
12 per cent ovei This trade has been
duplicated with another big plant, and
the same land scheme is worked there.
Oklahoma City had built up rapidly
without enough factories I had steel
skyscraper office buildings but not
enough producing industries, so the
people went after them, determined to
get them at any cost They studied
the situation, chose the kind of indus
try best suited to the town and the
surrounding country and went after it
in a big way.
These Oklahoma people are in ear
nest all the time Their methods are
businesslike and broad minded As
an illustration of their way or doing
things they will make a tour of the
south with a hundred of their leading
citizens next winter, stopping a day at
each city and studying its institutions.
At each point they divide into com
mittees to collect information on vari
ous subjects, such as schools, indus
try, trade methods civic affairs, etc,
and when they go home apply the best
that they find to their ov situation
VIENNA MEN DOFF HATS.
Useless Expense and Kids Hair Is
Argument of Club.
Vienna now has a "no hat" brigade,
fashioned after the one which is thriv
ing in London
"The hat," says one of tke Vienna
members, "is a superfluous article of
man's wearing apparel It deprives
the head of needed air and sunshine,
retards the growth and in many in
stances kills the hair and is a source
of inconvenience and considerable ex
pense. At no time does a member of
our league appreciate his resolution to
go bareheaded so much as when he
visits a theater or opera. The crush
hat has gone out of style, the cylin
der takes up too much room, and it is
never improved by storage in a thea
Venetian Communes Profitable.
In fifty communes of the province
of Venice twenty have co-operative so
cieties directly or indirectly engaged In
agricultural enterprises. Some of these
buy and sell implements and machin
ery for their members
"His Soul Is Marching On."
The dedication of John Brown park
covering the Osawatomie battlefield,
with Colonel Roosevelt delivering the
dedication address, furnishes an exam
ple of the way the tree of fame some
times grows. At the time of his death
in 1859 Brown was held in slight es
teem. His tragic end made a pro
found stir, it is true, but few were
heard openly to defend him. He was
executed as a criminal, and the great
mass of people, even in the north, re
garded a a madman. Yet a scant
have passed and a for
mer president of the United States
makes an extended journey to dedi
cate a park in his honor.
What has produced the change? The
war and its outcome, of course, affected
the world's opinion of Brown, as they
did that held of all the abolitionists.
The song "John Brown's Body" per
haps had a more potent charm. The
mellowing touch of time has also been
at work But has there not been a
more subtle force behind it all? The
man's bravery, his deeply religious
character, his tender heart and gener
osity and, greatest of all, his death
for what he deemed the right, all of
these appeal to the world's heart and
imagination. The fame of the early
martyrs was made up of just such ele
ments as these
Osawatomie exhibits various stages
in the evolution of John Brown's fame.
Thirty-three years ago a monument
was there dedicated to him. John
James Ingalls was the orator. Four
years ago a semicentennial was cele
brated with Vice President Fairbanks
the chief speaker. Now comes the cli
max with the chief citizen of the reerse
public making the address Is the
despised "madman" becoming one of
J. A. EDGERTON.
What a pity that some of the fertil
ity of invention that expends itself in
devising war materials cannot be util
ized in fighting forest fires!
The fiction that hens are being fed
small hardware filings to make their
eggs weigh more should be promptly
If the census discovers any city that
has gone back in population race sui
cide will get the job of explaining.
It's astonishing what a big hole it
makes in a city to have just two or
three nice girls go away from it
The new Lincoln cents have strange
ly disappeared. Stop your hoarding.
Titles For Sale.
There recently appeared in the want
ad. columns of a New York morning
paper the following "personal:"
Will sell a title of French marquis -dat
ing back to 1400 For particulars address
A. Bruchaut, a Largente par Oondoni
The world has long believed that
titles were for sale Europe. The
prices varied, and the actual transac
tions were more or less veiled In
some cases the belief has become cer
tainty as the actual transfer for eash
has been apparent It has long been
rumored about England that baronet
cies and peerages were given as a re
ward for campaign contributions,
somewhat as offices areor at least
wereparceled out with us In other
countries there are other methods, but
the results are the same All of this
takes no account of the titled mar
riages with American heiresses, to
characterize which is unnecessary,
and to do it adequately is perhaps im
The "French marquis" who offers
this advertisement is therefore follow
ing a common custom He is only a
little bolder about it and does not beat
the devil about the bush He has a
title to offer at auction and frankly
says so And why no Other trin
kets and baubles are put up for sale.
Besides, everybody is convinced that
there is a traffic in titles Why not set
it forth baldly in its true colors?
If New York restores the King
George statue which was destroyed in
the revolution, London should recipro
cate by setting up one of George Wash
ington It doesn't want to be behind
The maharajah of Mourbhanj is
worried about the bears in his country,
which kill 200 of his subjects every
year That's nothing to what the Wall
street bears do
The food expert who tells us that
sand may be eaten with benefit does
wrong to add to the temptations of the
China is said to be substituting cig
arettes for opium. China should learn
to accept no substitutes.
The next session promises to be so
interesting that Uncle Joe Cannon
would hate to miss it.
Now we begin to understand why the
colonel needed that year's vacation.
The farm vote is more apt to vote as
it reaps than as it sows.
THE PRINCETON UNION
The News From Nicaragua.
Every day brings exciting news from
Nicaragua. In fact, there have been
few days since the time of William
"Walker, filibuster, nearly sixty years
ago, when Nicaragua could not supply
excitement to glut the appetite of the
reading world Somebody has said
that only the unusual is news, and if
that be true the reports from Nica
ragua are not news, since battles and
revolutions down there are such regu
lar occurrences as to be commonplace.
But the apparent fall of President
Madriz and the accession of President
Estrada are of sufficient interest to be
noted in passing.
Estrada has been doing some fight
ing that looked like the real thing. For
that matter, a revolution in Nicaragua
is by no means a joke. Men arething.
slaughtered by hundreds in every such
outbreak. General J. C. Jamison of
Guthrie, Okla., one of the few sur
vivors of those who followed the for
tunes of Walker, has recently pub
lished a history of the great filibuster's
fights, and the book reeks .with blood
shed. Men were slain in heaps, though
that was before the days of the ma
It is devoutly to be hoped that the
reverses of Madriz will make for peace
in Central America. The Nicaragua
situation is a constant botheration, and
it is high time that the people of that
land settle down to pursue the arts of
It is no more reasonable that auto
mobiles should use the highways at
railway express speeds than that own
ers of thoroughbred horses should trav
them at a 1.58 gait.
It is stated that the president of the
recent Esperanto congress doesn't un
derstand a word of the language. Won
der how he found out he was elected
It may be imagined that China will
send in the bill for those gunboats she
is building for Japan with some fear
and a little trembling.
A Massachusetts parson says there
is baseball in heaven. He's "wrong
Some team would have to lose, and
that would be
If the new comet is Halley's the as
tronomers of early spring will have to
keep off the reception committee.
Why not give the precipitation of
aviators in the daily weather report?
Bluefields bluff has fallen, but other
bluffs remain down there.
National Forests as Playgrounds.
The sportsman finds his paradise in
the national forests In many of them
big game abounds. The rangers and
the guards, besides the service they
perform against the spread of fire,
often point out the best site for the
camper and the easiest route. With
the finest mountain scenery and much
of the best fishing and big game hunt
ing in the United States, the national
forests, made more and more acces
sible each year through protection and
development by the government, are
fast becoming great national play
grounds for the people.
The use of the forests for recreation
is as yet in its beginning, but is grow
ing steadily and rapidly, in some of
the forests at the rate of 100 per cent
per annum. The day seems not far
distant when a million persons will
visit them annually. According to the
record of the United States depart
ment of agriculture, the total last year
was. in close figures, 406,775.
The movement reported in New York
to erect in that city a statue of George
III. to take the place of the one the
Revolutionary fathers threw down and
melted into bullets will strike most
people as being little short of ridicu
lous The English themselves have no
great veneration for the sovereign's
Somebody wanted Rockefeller to in
vest in an airship, but he said the
earth was good enough for him. As
Standard Oil has acquired pretty much
of the whole globe, John D. feels right
at home wherever night overtakes him
Prisoners in some of the jails are
writing novels, which will doubtless
take off all the "time" heretofore
placed to their credit for good behav
Wonder what the great discourager
of American mollycoddlism will say to
the football rules that provide for
three "rest periods" in each game.
There are 600 shops in Paris devoted
exclusively to the sale of horseflesh.
Yet some people fear the approach of
a horseless age.
The man who thinks horses have
only a sentimental value ought to try
to buy a good one on that basis.
Conservation of American forests is
still going on in the usual wayby
Cbeer up. all! Running for office Is
at least great exercise.
THUBSDAY7 SEPTEMBER 1, 1910?
Fighting Forest Fires-JS^1
Battles just as perilous to life as
those fought with bullets have been
waged recently in the forests of the
great northwest, and the men engaged
In this warfare are as brave as any sol
dier who ever marched up to the can
non's mouth. The list of those who
have perished in the unequal contest
Is appalling. Joaquin Miller wrote a
line of verse which aptly describes the
forest fire, though "out on the roaring
red firing line" was not so intended.
"Roaring red" indeed is the firing line
on which many brave men have lost
their lives this summer. Only one who
has witnessed the spectacle of a wall
of flame advancing at double quick
through a dry woodland can have an
adequate idea of the horror of the
The government takes every precau
tion to prevent the outbreak of fires In
the forest reserves, but in a season
that is unusually dry it seems Inevi
table that some destructive fires will
occur. The police force of the reserves
the forest rangersis altogether too
small. The rangers are few and far
between. Each man must cover an
enormous territory, and it is impos
sible to exercise sufficient vigilance to
prevent these terrible conflagrations.
The loss of life and of public and pri
vate property is so great this year that
in all probability the government will
put extra rangers on duty hereafter.
A year ago we were all stirred up
over the Cook-Peary controversy. Now
it appears to be uncertain whether
Halley's comet was Halley's or Met
calf s. Why not summon both comets
to appear before aboard of inquiry?
It speaks well for the United States
that even while building the Panama
canal it can obtain money at a lower
rate of interest than any other conn
try can command.
General Grant's war autos might
strike terror to the hearts of an en
emy, but would they not too often kill
When Hoke Smith served in Cleve
land's cabinet he evidently learned Mr.
Cleveland's secret of how to come
Mayor Gaynor will of course not ob
ject to having the law take its course
with Gallagher, whether sane or in
Japan has no use for the Philippines.
Embarrassing in case we should want
Interest In Horse Racing.
After all, the horse is not being
forced to the wall by the auto and the
aeroplane as a racing wonder. New
honors have been won this season in
races and in contests against time by
the American light harness horse.
Uhlan, particularly, displayed ambition
and stamina which promise a brilliant
future. Harness racing is now the
thing in turf sports and draws im
mense crowds, even when betting is
More than 10,000 people cheered
Uhlan when the mark recognized as
the world'a championship for harness
horses without wind shield was scored
at Cleveland. This attendance is not
unusual for meetings where great
horses are on the track. It is a good
sign that breeders and owners are in
clined to favor kinds of races which
will bring out the better horse rather
than the kind most popular with spec
tators. This is a gam for true sports
An Illinois man was about to be op
erated on for appendicitis, but told the
doctors he had swallowed a few things
and they had better put the ray on
him They found the following hard
ware- A shoe button hook, a lady's
hatpin, three keys, a lead pencil, a belt
buckle, a tin toy pistol, three small
nails, a needle and a thermometer.
That is almost as much as the average
voter is required to swallow during a
Britain's most powerful battleship,
the Orion, which has just been
launched, can do everything except fly,
but in a scrap it may be foiled by
some frail craft that cannot do any
A hint of coeducation' in aviation is
given by the announcement that a
young woman will take part in the
Harvard stadium flights.
The contented look of the cat that
has swallowed the canary is as noth
ing to that of Secretary Knox when he
looks toward Nicaragua.
It's fallacy to argue prosperity from
increased orders for shoes. It may
merely mean that people who formerly
rode are now walking.
Kicking has been elimiated from
football by the new rules. But this
will not prevent those new rules from
being severely booted.
Dog's paw found in canned toague!
Must have been a modest dog not to
have gone In entirely.
Full Sized Work Shirts
Cool, Comfortable Underwear
Porosknit, B. V. D., Athletic Cut Coat Shirts!
and Knee Length Drawers, Wear Resisting Bal-
brigganfrom 25c to $3.00
Soisette, Madras, Mohair and Silk Stripe, Cus-
tom Made, Regular and French Fold Cuffs.
Short, Tall, Long, Thin and Stout we fit them
all, every size neck and body, from 5Qc to $2.50
The Avery Clothing House
^i%^*^^%i "K WI
Threshing Time is About Due
But stir that new granary hasn't been built, nor the old one fixed up and put ia shape
for the new crop Don you think it's about time you were getting busy and attend-
ing to it* Of course you will want a little lumber and building material of different
kinds And you'll want the most and the best you can get for the money, won't you
Then let us make you an estimate before buying elsewhere We have just what you
need and will make you lowest prices
CALEY LUMBER CO.
BENJAniN SOULE, Manager
L. C. HUMMEL
Fresh and Salt Meats, Lard,
Poultry, Fish and Game in Season.
Main Street, (Opposite Starch Factory.) Princeton, Minn.
I School Children 1
||A Few Numbers of Hosiery, going atH
6c 9c 12 17 I
Our Fall Dress Goods.
I F. T. KETTELHOD 1
g: Princeton, Minn. 3
Mfe^/ij j^^s^^mM^Mur^ JimM
W ^I W
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