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R. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms $1.00 Per Tear.
E PIECE^OF ROAD Geo. Chute Describes Plan by Which a Stretch of Substantial Road is Economically Built. A nile and a Half is Rounded Up and Graded at Cost of a Hundred and Sixty-Eight Dollars In making this statement of facts to you, I wish it understood that it is made in the interest of the public for better roads and for no other purpose. About the first of August, County Commissioner Cater secured an appropriation of $100 to be worked out on the road leading by my place, and soon after work was begun by plowing, disking and harrowing a half mile stretch, beginning in the center and back-furrowing toward the middle, until the strip was 36 feet wide then two men and a team, with a large sized slush scraper, went to work pulling the loose dirt from the extreme outside, working directly across the road, back and forth to the center, taking care that the top soil and sod were put into the middle as much as possible, leaving the second plowing, if any, to be put in the side of the grade, as the top soil and hard pan, where there is any available, pack better and make a much better road than other soil in a sandy locality. Now there are two kinds of busi nessthe growing of farm products and road workthat the cost of which is seldom estimated either before or after, and why not? In doing this job the town of Princeton contributed $68, so in all $168 was expended on 480 rods or \y2 miles. An average of 25 scrapers, heaping full, were used on each rodfive scrapers full were equal to a cubic yard. That means a cost of 7 cents per yard for moving the dirt, or 35 cents per rod for com pleting the road, or $112 per mile for making a pretty good grade. It has been plank-dragged twice since it was disked, and harrowed to smooth it at a cost of $2.40. Two years ago the path-master told me to mow wire grass on a meadow hard by and put it on a 20 rod stretch of this same road. I did so at a cost of 20 cents per rod for a good coat ing, and it lasted about 30 days. This year this same stretch of road was rounded up, and made firm enough that straw or hay is unneces sary, at a cost of 25 cents per rod there was no grubbing to do here and no fence or growing crop at the sides io bother I expect to demonstrate that the plank drag, if persistently used at the right time and in the right way, is the cheapest and best road machine that was ever made. But a road must first be put in proper shape for its use. While doing this work one day we had an extra good chance and moved 800 scrapers, or 160 cubic yards of dirt. As we were working for the town and got but $5.25 per day for two men and a team that would be just a trifle over 3)4 cents per yard. We have fallen into a way of mak ing roads which reminds me of the lady who had five sons, one extremely large and the other four quite small, she wished to make each of them a waistcoat for winter, so she bought the cloth to make them. Says she, "Now John, the big fellow, has to be out in the cold the most so I will make him an overcoat but when the overcoat was finished she had nothing left but a few scraps to patch up the little fellows' old ones. Most everyone admits that the sys tem under which we are now trying to maintain respectable roads is in part wrong. If it is wrong and we can better it let us do it immediately. Some will say give us state super vision. I believe we are getting enough of that now. The crying need of the times is for somebody to do the work without wasting the money. Why not abolish all poll, personal and land road taxes, which are worked out haphazard by everybody, and let us all pay our road tax to the county treasurer. Let men do the road work who make a business of it and give the supervisors authority to pay the road man wages that are equal to his labor. The making and repairing of roads is, a trade and the man who knows how and will work is a skilled me chanic. This job was all done by Frank Reeves and myself, and as we are not physically or mentally superior to the average man, others can do even better than we did if they try. George Chute. Princeton, Minn., Nov. 2. The writer has been over and care fully inspected the 1% mile of road referred to in the above article and can truthfully say that Messrs. Chute and Beeves did an excellent piece of work, and at a surprisingly small cost. They certainly did honest, in telligent work. It was a hard stretch of road with deep ruts filled with loose sand. Now it is nicely rounded up, wide enough for teams to pass without inconvenience, and the surface is reasonably hard and compact, and by the occasional use of a plank or splitlog drag can be kept in good con dition. Mr. H. L. Mathis, the mail carrier on route No. 4, says it is the best piece of road on his 25-mile route. As Mr. Chute modestly suggests, what he and Mr. Reeves ac complished at a comparatively small cost can be accomplished by others. We agree with Mr. Chute when he says all road taxes should be payable in money. Better results would be obtained with half the amount of money honestly and intelligently ex pended under the contract system. Working out road taxes, in the great majority of cases, is a farce. But we do not agree with Mr. Chute with ref erence to state supervision. When we say state supervision we simply mean that there should be uniformity in road work and that all road work should be done according to contract, and that no road work should be paid for until a competent engineer had certified that it was done according to contract. For instance: Let us pre sume there was a state deputy engi neer located in Mille Lacs countya competent engineer and roadbuilder paid by the statewhose duty it was to consult and advise with the town and county boards. If the town of Princeton wished to let a contract for the improvement of a stretch of road it would be the duty of the deputy to consult with the board, assist in drawing up the plans and specifica tions and see to it that the work was done according to those plans and specifications and so certify when the work was completed. But we will dwell upon this matter of state supervision more in detail on a future occasion. No Night Trains A few weeks ago petitions were presented to the president of the Great Northern praying for better train service on this branch. The petitions were numerously signed by citizens of Zimmerman, Princeton, Brickton, Milaca, Ogiivie and Mora. Hon. Henry Rines of Mora has re ceived tne following reply to the re quest contained in the petitions: St Paul, Minn., Nov. 10. Dear Sir: The petitions of yourselves and others to our president, requesting that the night trains between St. Paul and Duluth be transferred from the short line to the Princeton line, have been referred to me for investigation and reply: I have given the subject mentioned in these petitions careful considera tion and have been unable to reach any conclusion other than that the present train service and schedules should not be disturbed, as the same have been arranged to accommodate the greatest number of people pos sible. ,The present schedule gives a morning departure from the points above mentioned to the Twin Cities and an evening departure from the Twin Cities to said points, thus ac commodating the natural movement of the people residing in your respective communities. In addition our trains Nos. 31 and 32 operate between Du luth and Sioux City, via St. Cloud and Willmar, going south in the fore noon and returning north in the after noon. This service we think accom modates all except possibly a very few people who might desire to leave the Twin Cities in the morning and re turn late in the afternoon. These people are numerically so few, and the business so small, that no carrier could consider putting on a train for their accommodation. The conclusion that we have reached is that the present schedule is the best that could be arranged to accommodate the people and that there is nob anything like business enough to justify any additional ser vice. The night train between St. Paul and Duluth has been running over the Short Line, via Cambridge, for many years, and the number of people that it accommodates via Cambridge is much larger than it would be if run by the way of Prince ton. For the reasons above stated we think upon further investigation and consideration the people signing these petitions will come to the conclusion that we have, and that tn*e service we are giving is the best possible under the circumstances. Yours very truly, L. C. Gil man, Assistant to the President. A SPLENDID CONCERT Choir of Methodist Church Renders a Program of Much Attractive- ness at Opera House. Concert Praised by Those Present But It Deserved Better Patronage Than Was Accorded. The concert given by the choir of the Methodist church at Brands' opera house on Monday evening was a very enjoyable eventevery number on. the well-arranged program was rendered in a manner which would scarcely have been surpassed by pro fessionals, and Mrs. Claire Caley, director, is entitled to credit for the efficiency to which she has brought the choir. It is to be regretted, how ever, that so small a number attended the concertit was deserving of much better patronage. The first number, entitled "With Horse and Hounds," was rendered by the chorus. This is a magnificent production and its rendition, figura tively speaking, brought down the house. This number was followed by an equally pretty selection by the Euterpia chorus"The Primrose." In the order mentioned below the other numbers on the program were: Piano duet, "The Demon of the Woods," Mrs. Guy Ewing and Miss Adena Lundquist vocal duet, "I Love You," Mrs. L. S. Briggs and son, Claude vocal quartet, "The Country Dance," Arthur Roos, Verna Townsend, Adna Orton and Gertrude Neumann vocal solo, "A Dream," Mrs. P. L. Roadstrom: "O, Hail Us, Ye Free," chorus "The Miller's Wooing," chorus violin solo, Miss Gardner reading, Eva Ross vocal solo, Claude Briggs violin solo, Herbert Anderson vocal solo, Miss Gardner piano solo, Adena Lund quist The Bridal Chorus," choir. Pianist, Mrs. Guy Ewing organist, Miss Adena Lundquist. In the preparation of this program great pains were taken to select num bers which would appeal to the varied tastes of the music-loving public, and those who attended the concert are profuse in their praise of the selec tions and the manner in which they were rendered. The fact that so few attended was no doubt largely due to the damp, disagreeable weather which prevailed, as a concert by local talent usually attracts a large audience. To reiterate, the concert was deserv ing of a more generous patronage the opera house should have been packed to the doorsand were the same program reproduced in the near future it would, beyond a doubt, attract a large audience. Charley and the Coyotes Ben Soule came in on Tuesday to relate a little incident which happened in the woods near Bruno while hunt ing deer in company with Charley Jack, Ira Stanley and Fred Keith. He said in substance: We had been out all day without making a kill when Charley Jack espied what he supposed to be a couple of coyotes. He brought his gun to his shoulder and fired four times at the "varmints," but they were moving swiftly and he failed to drop them. Surprise was, however, depicted on his countenance when the "varmints" made off toward a farm house, and he manifested greater surprise when they scratched xm the door and were admitted by the farmer's wife. Immediately thereafter the farmer appeared in the doorway with rifle in hand, and from this Charley drew the conclusion that in stead of coyotes he had been firing at a couple of dogs. The hunters then made themselves scarce in that locali ty. Ben Soule swears that this story is true, and his reputation for veracity is beyond question. Minnesota Goes Down to Defeat. Michigan's maize and blue floats proudly over the maroon and gold of Minnesota, emblematic of the western football championship which the victors wrested from the Gophers on Ferry field, Ann Arbor, on Saturday. The score was 6 to 0. G. W. Axelson, writing in the Chicago Record-Herald, says: Safe and sane football has had its trial and the curtain has been rung down on a successful, if not entirely satis factory season. In the west Michi gan, under the leadership of Coach Yost, showed the most advanced foot ball, winning the championship by a combination of old and new strategy. Minnesota has a strong teamin fact a wonderful combination of football stars. No better balanced backfield than that of the Gophers has been presented to the western fans, and de feat by Michigan came as a shock to PRINCETON, MULE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1910. *$* the backers of the northmen. That something went amiss with the Gophers during the game was ap parent. Without doubt they were in better trim physically than their foes, if the stories at Ann Arbor are to be relied upon. Outside of Pickering and Young, there was not an aehe or pain in the team. On the other hand, Edmunds, Pattengill and McMillan were not in the best of condition for a grueling battle. The game that de cided the championship should have been a tie. Luck went against each team now and then during the struggle, but the biggest blow was administered to the Gophers when Umpire Hinkey got mixed up with the ball, preventing the northmen from getting a certain touchdown. Michigan earned its six points. There was no disputing that. The Gophers had just as good a chance before, or in fact several times, but failed to take advantage of opportuni ty. Those who had heard of the wonderful assortment of tricks in possession of the Gophers waited and watched for McGovern to turn loose the heralded bewildering evolutions, but nothing was shown that had not been seen before. Only in the last few minutes did the Gophers take a chance, and then gain followed gain until the whistle blew. Today's Football Game. The annual Thanksgiving game of football will be played at the fair grounds today at 3:30 p. m. sharp, between the regular high school team and a team made up of alumni and former high school students. The alumni will have a very heavy team, averaging 170 pounds, and their in tention is to win the game. The high school team has been defeated only once this season and they expect to pile up a big score against the "has beens." The two teams will lineup as follows: A\gh School Alumni Ear Fullwiler Rudolph Wikeen David TJmbehocker E H, VanAlstein MoDougallMcVicar FredDugan Durenjack Ralph Whitney Leo Pohl Edward Brands Clyae Bobideau E Daile Francis Lawrence Ang&tman E CharlesJJmbehocker Herbert Fisher LH Will Ross Claude Briggs Grover Umbehocker Harold Caley Art Roos WalheBerg jay Berg Admission 15 and 25 cents. Pro ceed go to the High School Athletic association. Turn out and help the treasury. A Remarkable Old tudy A visit Sunday to that grand old lady, Mrs. J. N. Rogers, found her well in spite of her advanced years: She was able to converse on current topics of the day as any one who is in active daily business. She keeps well posted on the happenings of her home city and world at large and has a re markable memory for all things She was as interested in the result of the recent elections as a person who had been engaged in the pursuit of politics and expressed her desire to see all matters straightened out in the state of New York. It is a pleasure to visit with this dear old lady who is nearing the century mark,she will reach that mark in 1911,and one is made better for a few moments spent in her cheery company. May she live many more years is the sincere wish of the writer.Berlin, Wis., Journal. Mrs. J. N. Rogers is the mother of J. N. Rogers of Princeton and is 99 years old. Mike Mahoney Sells His Farm Michael Mahoney has sold, through the agency of M. S. Ruther ford & Co., his farm, or rather 360 acres thereof, situated about a mile and a quarter west of this village. This leaves Mr. Mahoney 80 acres. The purchaser is John C. Thode of South Dakota, who will enter into possession on March 1, 1011. This farm is one of the most fertile in the county of Mille Lacs and is especially noted for the fine quality of clover which is yearly raised upon it, and it has the advantage of being- situated close to a good market. Mr. Thode could scarcely have found a farm better adapted to the raising of all sorts of crops and, as he is a practical farmer of experience, he is certain to be successful in his new domain. A Splendid Lot of Horses. I have just received a carload of young mares and work horses, all natives and as sound as a dollar. They are the best horses that have been offered for sale in Princeton for a long time and they are bound to go fast. Call at my barn and examine them. Just the sort of horses you are looking for. Aulger Rines. Bring in Your Hides and Fars. I will pay from 10 to 25 per cent more for your hides and furs than any other buyer in this part of the country. Bring them in every Satur day. I employ no agents. 46-tfc Allen E. Hayes. U- ANOLDSETTLER DIES Thomas Looney, Who Located in Blue Hill in 1869, Passes Away at State Center, Iowa. Funeral Services Held at St. Edward's Chureh, Princeton, on Mon- day Morning, Nov. 21. Thomas Looney, one of the old settlers of Blue Hill, Sherburne county, died at State Center, Iowa, where he conducted a hotel, on Wednesday, November 16, at 8:20 p. m. His death resulted from peri tonitis, following an operation for appendicitis. The remains were brought to Blue Hill and on Monday morning at 10 o'clock funeral services were con ducted in St. Edward's church by Rev. Father Levings. The interment was in the Catholic cemetery and the funeral procession was a long one all Mr. Looney's old friends and neighbors turned out to pay their last respects to his memory. Thomas Looney was born in County Kerry, Ireland, and would have been 72 years of age next Christmas. From his birthplace, when 20 years of age, he moved to Wales and two years later was married in that country to Hannah McElligott, who survives him. In 1866 he emigrated, with his wife, to the United States and located in Illinois, where he remained three years. From there he came to Minnesota and settled on a homestead in Blue Hill township. There he lived until three years ago, when he dis posed of his farm and went to State Center, Iowa, to engage in the hotel business. Eight children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Looney, one of whom, Daniel, is dead. His widow and the following children survive him: Michael Looney, Zimmerman Mrs. Mary Hoffard, Forest Lake Mrs. Annie Van Elsberg, Minne apolis Mrs. Maggie Stunden, Winni peg Thomas and David Looney, Blue Hill Mrs. Lizzie Carter, Zimmerman. With the exception of Mrs. Stunden, all the children attended the funeral. Thomas Looney was one of those men who came into the country which was then practically a wilderness and contributed his share toward making it what it is today. In his young days he worked from sunrise to sunset to improve the homestead upon which he located and he proved to be a good farmerhe knew how to obtain the best results from the soil. He was a liberal-hearted man and a good neighbor, and the old-timers of Blue Hill and Princeton with whom he was acquainted speak in kindly terms of "Tom" Looney. Count Tolstoi Is Dead. Tolstoi died in the little log cabin of the station master at Astapova, Russia, where he had gone as a place of refuge when taken ill on a train, as dawn broke on Sunday. All day long the body, clad in peasant garb, lay in state. Peasants flocked through the little room and gazed with reverence on his face. The aged Countess Tolstoi sat by the coffin and repeatedly kissed the dead brow. Amid pomp and ceremony which he despised in life, and encased in a rare casket, the body of Leo Tolstoi, writer and idealist, was conveyed to his home at Yasnaya Polyana on Monday to be laid to rest as he wished at the foot of "Poverty" oak, where the peasants he loved were wont to assemble. The funeral took place on Tuesday and no church cere mony marked the obsequies of the great man, great in death as in life. The Greek church, which excommuni cated Tolstoi in 1901, after the world had read his "Resurrection," held out the hand of forgiveness to him to the last but he refused it. Indian Annuitants. Major John R. Howard writes the Union that he will be at Sandstone Dec. 3, and at Onamia Dec. 5, to pay annuities to Indians enrolled at the White Earth agency. It is requested that all adults, both male and female, apply personally for a share of this annuity, as a representative of the de partment of justice is desirous of meeting each adult annuitant. A. Wyanett Wedding. John Haglund and Miss Ella Olson were married at the home of the bride's parents in Wyanett on Tuesday evening at 6 o'clock, Rev. Lundquist officiating at the ceremony. The bridesmaids were Misses Etta Olson and Minnie Lindquist and the best man Gust Haglund, while Miss Sadie King was the flower girl. The bride was dressed in white satin trimmed with silver braid, while the bridesmaids wore cream serge trimmed in silk overlace and the s, iH&RiinSeh. r. VOLUME XXXIT. NO. 4& flower girl white silk. The bride's wreath was of orange blossoms and the bridegroom wore a buttonhole bouquet of the same variety of flower. A reception was held and many guests partook of the bounteous supper which was provided, and the bride and groom received a large number of pretty gifts. Mr. and Mrs. Haglund, who are very popular young people, will live on a farm at Three Corners. Renaume-Fradette. At St. Edward's Catholic church yesterday moruing at 9:30 o'clock Frank Rehaume and Miss Amanda Fradette, residents of Greenbush, were made man and wife by Rev. Father Levings. The groomsman was Joseph Burk and the bridesmaid Miss Agnes Fradette, sister of the bride. A dinner was served to a large number of guests at the home of the bride's parents at 2 o'clock in the afternoon and in the evening about 150 people attended a dance at Eugene Rehaume's, brother of the groom, in honor of the happy event. Mr. and Mrs. Rehaume are among the most highly respected young people in Greenbush and their many friends wish them joy and prosperity. Miss Delia Stone Married. Miss Delia Stone, until recently housekeeper at the T. H. Caley resi dence, was married on Friday after noon at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Weymouth in Minneapolis to Fred Townsend, formerly of Princeton but now of Medicine Hat. The Union extends its congratulations to Mr. and Mrs. Townsend. Gets Plenty of Exercise. There has several deer been brought into town by the successful hunters, and even then it will probably not average more than one deer to a dozen hunters that are camping on their trail. It has been too cloudy and foggy to be able to see a deer at any considerable distance. Many of the hunters have been out early and stayed on the job till late at night and come home all tired out, and when he comes to sum up the day's business, all he has to his credit is the extra exercise.Onamia Lake Breeze. "All Eyes on Brainerd." The third convention of the Northern Minnesota Development association will be held at Brainerd next Thursday and Friday, December 1st and 2nd. An attractive program has been arranged and a large atten dance is expected. Mille Lacs county should be well represented at the con vention. A Coming Poet Harold Wheeler, one of the little boys in the Whittier school, wrote the following verse when his teacher asked for an original Thanksgiving rhyme: Hurrah for good Thanksgiving, The best day of the year, Be thankful you're a-living And sing your song of cheer. Abe Weinberg, the potato king, came up from Illinois on Tuesday to look after his interests here. Abe went 'possum hunting in Kansas last week and attributes a scratch on his nose to the ferocity of the animal which landed on that prominent organ after being dropped from a tree with a 22-caliber rifle. But don't believe this story. Miss Anna B. Potter, a teacher in one of the colleges in Omaha, Neb., arrived at the home of Mrs. Elizabeth Berry of Silver lake last evening to spend Thanksgiving. Will Mirick of the firm of Mirick Bros., the decora tors and painters, has also returned from a trip to Omaha, and rumor has it that there will soon be a wedding. Robt. H. and Wellington King closed a deal on Monday whereby Oscar W. Blomquist and Clark E. Severance of Spencer Brook became the owners of the southwest quarter of section 15, township 35, range 25. The land is one of the best quarter sec tions in this vicinity. It adjoins Spencer Brook on the south. Charley Jack, Ben Soule, Ira Stanley and Fred Keith went up to Bruno on Saturday evening and re turned on Tuesday with two deer. Ira was the lucky man on this trip both deer fell to his gun. However this will mean an equal division of the spoilshalf a deer to each man. An Anoka friend requests the Union to insert an article denunci atory of Senator Swanson and Mr. White, and which had already been published in one of the papers of that city. Election is over and there is nothing to be gained by discussing the whys and wherefores at this time^ For farm loans go to Robt. H. King. He gives lowest rates, best terms and quick service. 50-tf i v*-1- Ht- -&*m