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Magnitude of Stars.
The brighter a star is the smaller the number representing its magni tude, and consequently a star of the tirst magnitude is brighter than one of the second, and one of the second magnitude is two magnitudes brighter than one of the fomtii In the same way stars brighter than the fiist mag nitude can be represented by numbers smaller than one, by decimals,, or e\ en by negative numbers Sirius is of the 1.4 magnitude, Vega of 0 2 magnitude Our sun is a' star of the 26 5 magni tude, and it gives us 10,000,000,000 times as much light as. Sinus. If the sim weie twice as far away from us as it is it would gi\ only one quarter as much light If it were 100,000 times faither off than it iS its light would be the same mtensitj as that of Sinus But even at this enormous distance the sun would be only about one-sixth as far awaj as Sirius ex actly lies. In other words,. Sirius shines with a luster fully thirty times that of our sun New York Wot Id How Fast of Ramadan Begins. Since the Mohammedan year is com posed ot lunar months, the beginning of the fast is dependent upon the ap pearance of the new moon. The word of the almanac is not taken as true evidence, and before the mufti, the highest Moslem official in the nation, declares the fast to have begun two Mohammedans must appear before him and swear that they have seen the new moon. In precisely the same manner the fact comes to a close. The mufti proclaims a thieo days' feast whenever the next new moon is seen by two of the faithful. One year the moon was visible in upper Egypt the night before it was observed in Cairo. Two Mohammedans up the Nile tele graphed the fact to the mufti, asking him to announce the feast. This he refused to do on the ground that a telegram could not take the place of two Moslem Avitnesses Christian Her ald Old Daddy Longlegs. Everybody is well acquainted with the insect called "daddy longlegs," but not everybody knows that there is evi dence to show that this strange little creature, towering high upon its thread like stilts, is probably a more ancient inhabitant of America than any repre sentative of the humau species. Far back in tertiary time, at the very dawn of the modern world, its ancestors lived, we are told, in great numbers iu that pait of the continent which we call Colorado. The fossil remains of these insects show the characteristic features that mark them today, al though new species have taken the place of the old, for even "daddy long legs" knows what evolution is and has attained to something that in his view is perhaps a kind of civilized existence suitable to the exigencies of life in the twentieth century.Harper's Weekly. The Hunting of the Tahr. Of all the ways of hunting surely that of the hillmen of Garhwal is the strangest. This, according to Major the Hon. C. G. Bruce, in "Twenty Years In the Himalayas," is their meth od of killing the tahr, a local species of goat. "Hav ing driven the tahr into deep nullahs with most precipitous aides, out of which there are certain well known tahr runs, they proceed to cover these runs where the ground 3s most difficult with mats made of split bamboo which have been pre viously well drenched in water. The result is the mats freeze and become JIS slippeiy as glass. Then they fright en the herd and diive them over these mats, with the result that they are precipitated from the cliffs and that the Garhwali pick up the remains perhaps twelve basketfuls Mostly Hall. A Xew Yorker bought one of those fine old colonial places down in Vir ginia, principally ou account of the glowing description of the real estate agent and on information from friends. When he went down to see his man sion he was much impressed by the great pillais, the spacious porch and particularly the great hall running from the front to the back of the house He inspected the place and came back to New Yoi 'What shall you name it?' be was disked "I think, he replied, "I shall call it Mostly Hall "Saturday Evening Post. Philadelphia Is Not So Slow. "Mothei," said a thoughtful Boston rhild, "is Philadelphia older than Bos- ton?" "Of course not, my sou The first settlement was made in Charlestown in 1630, while William Penn did not arrive on the site of Philadelphia until iifty-two years later "That was always my impression, Toiother How is it. then, that Philadel phia is mentioned in the Bible, while Boston is not?"Boston Star. Discovered. Little Violet was one day examining a beehive, which was new to her. Be jng distuibed, the bees came out of their hives and one of them stung her. Tears came into her eyes, but she quickly dried them and cried trium phantly. "Now I know who takes the needles out of mamma's cushion."Delineator. Couldn't Bother With Trifles. "Has your father ever given you any idea what he thinks of me?" "No, I really don't believe father thinks of you at all. He has so many important things to fill his mind." Stray Stories If you be poor do not seem poor If you would avoid insult as well as suf fering Goldsmith. i3 yf The Cadet Was Guilty of Dismounting Without Leave. While a student at West Point U. S Grant excelled mathematics and horsemanship He jumped his horse over a bar five feet SIK inches high, whicb made a record for the academy and a close second to the highest jump evei recorded in America He receiv ed little honor for some of his efforts, however, notably the case recalled by Nicholas Smith "Grant, the Man of Mystery But perhaps the humor of it reconciled him The uding master was one Ilersh berger, "an amusing sort of tjiant," and on one occasion, whether seriously or as a joke, he determined to "take down" the young cadet At the exercise Grant was mounted on a powerful but vicious brute that the cadets fought shy ot and was put at leaping the bar The bar was placed higher and high or as he came lound the ring till it passed the record The stubborn rider would not say "enough," but the horse was disposed to shy' and refuse to make the leap Grant gritted his teeth and spurred at it, but just as the horse gathered for the spring his swelling body burst the girth, and the rider and saddle tumbled into the ring Half stunned, Grant gathered him self up from the dust only to hear the "strident, cynical voice" of Hershber ger calling out- "Cadet Grant, six demerits for dis mounting without leave'" BEAT HIM TO THE STATION. The Message That Got There Before the Patrolman Did. "When I was a patrolman," says a prominent detective, "there used to be a sergeant on the force who had it in for me. He reported me for various delinquencies, andwell, he's dead now, and I won't say anything against him. He got sick, and it was reported at the station that he wasn't expected to live. So the boss called me and told me to go around and see if I could do anything for the old fellow. I called at the house and asked if I could see him. They let me in. I tip toed into the room where the sergeant was in bed and said, 'The lieutenant sent me around to see how you were getting along' "He spoke with difficulty, but 1 could make out what he said. 'Go back,' he grunted, 'and tell 'em that I'm getting along fine. The boys have fixed me up all right, and I don't need anything I'm feeling better.' "So I went back to the station. I was stopped a couple of times on my way and got in about half an hour later Then I made my report. 'He sajs he's better and doesn't need any thing,' says I. The lieutenant jumped up. 'Do you mean to say that you saw him?' says he did,' says I. 'And he told you he was all right?' 'Yes, sir.' 'You blamed liar!' shouts the lieutenant. 'I got a message ten minutes ago that he was dead!' "And it was true. What do you think of that old scoundrel trying to get me in bad with his dying breath?" Cleveland Plain Dealer. A Picture of Night. Along the high hedged lane John Strong swung, the June gloaming deep ening into night. He loved to shove his face into the night. He gloried in the uncertainty of night, the indefi niteness of night, and his soul cried back a wild answer to the cry of the nigbthawk and the owl. Night is more primitive than day night is more calamitous night is a savage night everywhere is the true aborigine. Day has taken on civilization. Night hurls the world back to the day of the war Hub, the flint arrowhead, the painted visage John Strong loved the night with an almost malevolent love. In the night he could hear the Valkyries screaming, the witches riding their broomsticks, the ghouls scraping the mold from off the new buried coffin John Stiong swung along, his face set to meet oncoming night Adventure Where He Drew the Line. Thomas was an old gamekeeper on Sir Greville's Scotch estate, says Sir William Kennedy in "Sport In the Navy.'" When he was sixty years old he contracted measles and was very ill for a time Sir Greville, with char actenstic kindness, sent the old man some hothouse grapes and a pineapple The next time the two met Sir Greville asked Thomas how he liked the fruit "Weel, Sir Greville," answered the gamekeeper, "the plums was good, but I dlnna think much of the turnip Ulterior Motives. "See, here," said the kind hearted lady. "I gave you a piece of pie two weeks ago, and you have been sending one or more of your friends here every day since "Youse do me a injustice, ma'am," replied the husky hobo "Dem guys wot I sent wua me enemies "Chica go News Not Familiar With the Quotation. "Ah Mi Blinks." said the fair one lightly, "1 see you wear your heart upon your sleeve Mr Blinks looked bewildered and hastily pulled down his ouffs "I guess maybe it was my red flan nel underwear you noticed." he la'mely remarked Cleveland Plain Dealer The Bed. The bed is a bundle of paradoxes. We go to it with reluctance, yet we quit it with regret We make up ouu minds ever? night to leave it early, but we make up our bodies every morning to keep it late Colton I *.a3W *fe/*r In It Was Remarkable Not For Distance, but For Results. Writing in 1841 of a fall from an im mense altitude which did not result in death, a French-observer, M. Man zini, declares that he had searched In vain in the annals of science for a similar case We can well believe it. The victim or patient was a tapis sier who had been engaged in putting up decorations on the occasion of the belated obsequies of Napoleon the Great in the lofty dome of the Church of the Invalides in Paris. When busy moving a ladder on the top of a high scaffolding he overbalanced himself and, in obedrence to some obscure in stinct, jumped clear of the ladder and the platform, crying to his fellow workmen as only a Frenchman wpuld, "Behold me quit'" With these cheer ful words ou his lips he fell eighty-two feet, bounding in one place off the roof of a little dome,- which caused him to describe a second parabola in the air, and landing finally, feet first, on the slate root of a small sacristy Crashing through the slates, he land ed astride a rafter, where he was found sitting, surprised but coherent, for he was able to give his name and address when asked for them. Ho had no recollection of this and became un conscious when put to bed shortly aft erward under the care of the great Pasquier nis insensibility lasted a very short time, however, and he made an extraordinary rapid recovery, hav ing sustained no apparent injuries, either external or internal At the end of a month Pasquier found him quite well London Lancet THE SQUAW'S SHAWL It Must Be Just So to Suit Her Fas tidious Taste The Indian wears his blanket on the hottest summer days His theory is that if it keeps out the cold in winter it will keep out the heat in summer, says Ben Myers of Oklahoma City While he might not care to buy any thing else expensive, the price of a suitable blanket is never questioned, but it would be difficult indeed to de ceive him as to tho texture of any robe "A squaw will imitate almost any thing that pleases her fancy, but in the matter of her blanket or shawl she exhibits an unusual amount of individ uality. With great care and patience she designs her blanket, and when she places the order with the mill man he does not dare duplicate it until she has had an opportunity to wear it. "If she makes the request that it shall not be duplicated her wishes are regarded, because it is the one article she possesses in which exclusiveness is much coveted and also because what would please one squaw would not ap pear at all attractive to another. "The lightweight shawl or blanket is thrown over the head of the squaw, and unless she is able to purchase a bright colored silk kerchief it will serve as her only bonnet as well. It is just as common a sight now to see the papoose securely bound on the back of its mother by a portion of her blanket as it used to be to see the wee head of the Indian babe peeping from the te kas, or frame cradle" Washington Herald. Confidence In the Mails. Ha\ing sent a strong box key by mail in an unregistered letter, a clerk was told by his employer that the key "arrived O. K.," but that the means of transportation adopted showed too much confidence. In answer the clerk said, "Ever since a New Year's eve incident of two years' standing my confidence in the postoffice is great." And pressed for an explanation he said: "That evening, or early in the morning rather, a man came out of a restaurant rather the worse for cele brating. He had a wallet in his pocket containing considerable money and was uucertain as to the honesty of his companions He went to a letter box. forced the wallet through the slot and continued to make a night of it. It required consrderable red tape to re cover his property, but ho got it"~ New York Tribune. Tipping and Treating. There are two practices in this coun try that are being justly condemned One is tippiug and the other treating To be sure, we are not responsible for originating either Away back in the days of Queen Elizabeth every coffee house had a box bearing the Inscrip tion, "To Insure Promptness," hence T. I. Neither is treating an inuova tion Some of the Caesars, so says his tory, used to get huffy when* their guests could not see the bottom of the glass often enough But both have got such a hold on Americans that they have come to be recognized as national habits, and the latter sometimes as national evil.Indianapolis News A Willing Witness. "Did his actions have an air of veri similitude?" the lawyer asked the wit ness "What was that, sir?" "I say, did his conduct wear an aii of verisimilitude?" "Oh." replied the witness "Sure' He was versimilitudin' all round the place "Saturday Evening Post Women and Their Idols. "Women adore Idols" "Do they?" "Don't they? Why. when a worn an's idol proves human she's stronger for it than ever "Toledo Blade An unjust acquisition is like a barb ed arrow, which must be drawn back ward with horrible anguish or else will be your destruction Jeremy Taylor. Wellington's Cool Interview With a Murderous Maniac. One day as the Duke of Wellington Bat writing at his library table quite alone his door was suddenly opened without a knock or announcement of any sort, and in stalked a gaunt man. who stood before the commander in Chief with his hat on and a savage ex pression of countenance. The duke was of course a little an noyed at such an unceremonious in terruption, and, looking up, he asked, "Who are you?" "I am Dionysius," was the singular answer. "Well, what do you want?' "Your life." "My life?" "Yes I am sent to kill you." "Very odd," said the duke, sitting back and calmly gazing at the intruder "Not at all, for I am Dionysius," said the stranger, "and I must put yon to death." "Are you obliged to perform this duty today?" asked the comman der in chief. "I am very busy just now and have a large number of let ters to write. It would be very in convenient today." The visitor looked hard during a moment's pause. "Call again," continued the duke, "or write and make an appointment." "You'll be ready?" "Without fail," was the re ply. The maniac, awed doubtless by the stern old soldier, backed out of the room without further words and half an hour later was safe in bedlam. London Graphic. FULL OF GRATITUDE. But the Little One Had a Queer Way of Expressing it. Mr. Brown's business kept him so occupied during the daytime that he had little opportunity to enjoy the so ciety of his own children. When some national holiday gave him a day of leisure his young son was usually his chosen companion One day, how ever, Mr. Brown, reproached by the wistful eyes of his seven-year-old daughter, reversed the order of things and invited the little girl to go with him for a long walk She was a shy, silent, small person, and during the two hours' stroll not a single word could Mr. Brown induce the little maid to speak, but her shin ing eyes attested that she appreciated his efforts to amuse herindeed, she fairly glowed with suppressed happi ness. Just before they reached home, how ever, the child managed, but only aftei a tremendous struggle with her inher ent timidity, to find words to express her gratitude. "Papa, what flower do you like best?" she asked. "Why, I don't know, my dearsun flowers, I guess." "Then," cried the little girl, beam ing with gratitude, "that's what I'll plant on your grave!"Exchange. The Soap and Water Cure. The traveler in the Himalayas must be prepared for surprises. Two days after the Hon. C. G. Bruce had reach ed Mana he received a message from a young lady saying that ever since she had seen him on the day of his arrival she had been 111 "I was very much hurt, I allow," says Major Bruce In "Twenty Years In the Himalayas." During the course of a short but inter esting career no such snub had ever been administered o my self respect. I said, 'But can't I do anything?' She said, 'Yes wash your face and let me have the water.' So we got hot water and soap, and she sat on a rock to see that there was no _deception. The water, or, rather, the decoction, was then put into a long tumbler, and she then and there drank it all! What is more, the next day she sent word that she was ouita cured." #&. -v^-ti^* ,SAW MILL Saw Mills Engines Boilers (Jang Edgers Lath Machines Bolting Machines Slab Slashers Chain Conveyors lumber Trimmersy Excelsior Machines Planers and Matchers We Manufacture fu'l l,ne"of Up-to-date Saw Mill Machinery. Engines, etc. Writs for our Catalog Free. It v.M pay you. i lit 3E Economy of Good Sheds and Barns You know as well as we do that live stock, in order to be kept in any kind of con- dition during the cold winters that prevail in this climate, must be properly housed. That means not only good, warm barns, but sheds In which they can seek shelter at will from the cold wind, rain and snow. Are you going to build either sheds or barns this winter' If you aro lot us make you an estimate on the material that you will need. We have a particularly large stock of material suitable for these purposes, and are prepared to make you very attractive prices CALEY LUMBER CO. BENJAfllN SOULE, Manager Job Printing and Job Printing HERE are two kinds of Job Printingmat which is neat and artistic and that which possesses neither of these qualities. The Princeton Union makes it a point to turn out none but the former kind, and the Union finds this easy because it has the type, machinery and skilled labor*with which to accomplish it. NotHing Looks Worse Than Botched Job Printing. It is a drawback to the business of a merchant or anyone else who uses it. Botched Job Printing suggests loose methods. Then why not use the kind printed by the Union? It costs you no more and gives the public a good impression of your business. The Princeton Union is prepared to execute every description of Commercial and Fancy Printing at short notice and nominal prices. If you are in need of letterheads, noteheads, billheads, statements, cards, posters, programs, wedding invitations or any other work in the printing line, an order for the same placed with the Union will insure its being produced in an at- tractive and uo-to-date style. fce PRINCETON UNION Princeton, Minnesota. i-