Magnitude of Stars.
The brighter a star is the smaller
the number representing its magni
tude, and consequently a star of the
tirst magnitude is brighter than one of
the second, and one of the second
magnitude is two magnitudes brighter
than one of the fomtii In the same
way stars brighter than the fiist mag
nitude can be represented by numbers
smaller than one, by decimals,, or e\ en
by negative numbers Sirius is of the
1.4 magnitude, Vega of 0 2 magnitude
Our sun is a' star of the 26 5 magni
tude, and it gives us 10,000,000,000
times as much light as. Sinus. If the
sim weie twice as far away from us
as it is it would gi\ only one quarter
as much light If it were 100,000
times faither off than it iS its light
would be the same mtensitj as that
of Sinus But even at this enormous
distance the sun would be only about
one-sixth as far awaj as Sirius ex
actly lies. In other words,. Sirius
shines with a luster fully thirty times
that of our sun New York Wot Id
How Fast of Ramadan Begins.
Since the Mohammedan year is com
posed ot lunar months, the beginning
of the fast is dependent upon the ap
pearance of the new moon. The word
of the almanac is not taken as true
evidence, and before the mufti, the
highest Moslem official in the nation,
declares the fast to have begun two
Mohammedans must appear before
him and swear that they have seen
the new moon. In precisely the same
manner the fact comes to a close. The
mufti proclaims a thieo days' feast
whenever the next new moon is seen
by two of the faithful. One year the
moon was visible in upper Egypt the
night before it was observed in Cairo.
Two Mohammedans up the Nile tele
graphed the fact to the mufti, asking
him to announce the feast. This he
refused to do on the ground that a
telegram could not take the place of
two Moslem Avitnesses Christian Her
Old Daddy Longlegs.
Everybody is well acquainted with
the insect called "daddy longlegs," but
not everybody knows that there is evi
dence to show that this strange little
creature, towering high upon its thread
like stilts, is probably a more ancient
inhabitant of America than any repre
sentative of the humau species. Far
back in tertiary time, at the very dawn
of the modern world, its ancestors
lived, we are told, in great numbers iu
that pait of the continent which we
call Colorado. The fossil remains of
these insects show the characteristic
features that mark them today, al
though new species have taken the
place of the old, for even "daddy long
legs" knows what evolution is and has
attained to something that in his view
is perhaps a kind of civilized existence
suitable to the exigencies of life in the
twentieth century.Harper's Weekly.
The Hunting of the Tahr.
Of all the ways of hunting surely
that of the hillmen of Garhwal is the
strangest. This, according to Major
the Hon. C. G. Bruce, in "Twenty
Years In the Himalayas," is their meth
od of killing the tahr, a local species
of goat. "Hav ing driven the tahr into
deep nullahs with most precipitous
aides, out of which there are certain
well known tahr runs, they proceed
to cover these runs where the ground
3s most difficult with mats made of
split bamboo which have been pre
viously well drenched in water. The
result is the mats freeze and become
JIS slippeiy as glass. Then they fright
en the herd and diive them over these
mats, with the result that they are
precipitated from the cliffs and that
the Garhwali pick up the remains
perhaps twelve basketfuls
A Xew Yorker bought one of those
fine old colonial places down in Vir
ginia, principally ou account of the
glowing description of the real estate
agent and on information from friends.
When he went down to see his man
sion he was much impressed by the
great pillais, the spacious porch and
particularly the great hall running
from the front to the back of the
He inspected the place and came
back to New Yoi
'What shall you name it?' be was
"I think, he replied, "I shall call it
Mostly Hall "Saturday Evening Post.
Philadelphia Is Not So Slow.
"Mothei," said a thoughtful Boston
rhild, "is Philadelphia older than Bos-
"Of course not, my sou The first
settlement was made in Charlestown
in 1630, while William Penn did not
arrive on the site of Philadelphia until
iifty-two years later
"That was always my impression,
Toiother How is it. then, that Philadel
phia is mentioned in the Bible, while
Boston is not?"Boston Star.
Little Violet was one day examining
a beehive, which was new to her. Be
jng distuibed, the bees came out of
their hives and one of them stung her.
Tears came into her eyes, but she
quickly dried them and cried trium
"Now I know who takes the needles
out of mamma's cushion."Delineator.
Couldn't Bother With Trifles.
"Has your father ever given you any
idea what he thinks of me?"
"No, I really don't believe father
thinks of you at all. He has so many
important things to fill his mind."
If you be poor do not seem poor If
you would avoid insult as well as suf
The Cadet Was Guilty of Dismounting
While a student at West Point U. S
Grant excelled mathematics and
horsemanship He jumped his horse
over a bar five feet SIK inches high,
whicb made a record for the academy
and a close second to the highest jump
evei recorded in America He receiv
ed little honor for some of his efforts,
however, notably the case recalled
by Nicholas Smith "Grant, the Man
of Mystery But perhaps the humor
of it reconciled him
The uding master was one Ilersh
berger, "an amusing sort of tjiant,"
and on one occasion, whether seriously
or as a joke, he determined to "take
down" the young cadet
At the exercise Grant was mounted
on a powerful but vicious brute that
the cadets fought shy ot and was put
at leaping the bar
The bar was placed higher and high
or as he came lound the ring till it
passed the record The stubborn rider
would not say "enough," but the horse
was disposed to shy' and refuse to
make the leap
Grant gritted his teeth and spurred
at it, but just as the horse gathered for
the spring his swelling body burst the
girth, and the rider and saddle tumbled
into the ring
Half stunned, Grant gathered him
self up from the dust only to hear the
"strident, cynical voice" of Hershber
ger calling out-
"Cadet Grant, six demerits for dis
mounting without leave'"
BEAT HIM TO THE STATION.
The Message That Got There Before
the Patrolman Did.
"When I was a patrolman," says a
prominent detective, "there used to be
a sergeant on the force who had it in
for me. He reported me for various
delinquencies, andwell, he's dead
now, and I won't say anything against
him. He got sick, and it was reported
at the station that he wasn't expected
to live. So the boss called me and
told me to go around and see if I
could do anything for the old fellow.
I called at the house and asked if I
could see him. They let me in. I tip
toed into the room where the sergeant
was in bed and said, 'The lieutenant
sent me around to see how you were
"He spoke with difficulty, but 1 could
make out what he said. 'Go back,' he
grunted, 'and tell 'em that I'm getting
along fine. The boys have fixed me up
all right, and I don't need anything
I'm feeling better.'
"So I went back to the station. I
was stopped a couple of times on my
way and got in about half an hour
later Then I made my report. 'He
sajs he's better and doesn't need any
thing,' says I. The lieutenant jumped
up. 'Do you mean to say that you
saw him?' says he did,' says I.
'And he told you he was all right?'
'Yes, sir.' 'You blamed liar!' shouts
the lieutenant. 'I got a message ten
minutes ago that he was dead!'
"And it was true. What do you
think of that old scoundrel trying to
get me in bad with his dying breath?"
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
A Picture of Night.
Along the high hedged lane John
Strong swung, the June gloaming deep
ening into night. He loved to shove
his face into the night. He gloried in
the uncertainty of night, the indefi
niteness of night, and his soul cried
back a wild answer to the cry of the
nigbthawk and the owl. Night is more
primitive than day night is more
calamitous night is a savage night
everywhere is the true aborigine. Day
has taken on civilization. Night hurls
the world back to the day of the war
Hub, the flint arrowhead, the painted
visage John Strong loved the night
with an almost malevolent love. In
the night he could hear the Valkyries
screaming, the witches riding their
broomsticks, the ghouls scraping the
mold from off the new buried coffin
John Stiong swung along, his face set
to meet oncoming night Adventure
Where He Drew the Line.
Thomas was an old gamekeeper on
Sir Greville's Scotch estate, says Sir
William Kennedy in "Sport In the
Navy.'" When he was sixty years old
he contracted measles and was very
ill for a time Sir Greville, with char
actenstic kindness, sent the old man
some hothouse grapes and a pineapple
The next time the two met Sir Greville
asked Thomas how he liked the fruit
"Weel, Sir Greville," answered the
gamekeeper, "the plums was good, but
I dlnna think much of the turnip
"See, here," said the kind hearted
lady. "I gave you a piece of pie two
weeks ago, and you have been sending
one or more of your friends here every
"Youse do me a injustice, ma'am,"
replied the husky hobo "Dem guys
wot I sent wua me enemies "Chica
Not Familiar With the Quotation.
"Ah Mi Blinks." said the fair one
lightly, "1 see you wear your heart
upon your sleeve
Mr Blinks looked bewildered and
hastily pulled down his ouffs
"I guess maybe it was my red flan
nel underwear you noticed." he la'mely
remarked Cleveland Plain Dealer
The bed is a bundle of paradoxes.
We go to it with reluctance, yet we
quit it with regret We make up ouu
minds ever? night to leave it early,
but we make up our bodies every
morning to keep it late Colton I
It Was Remarkable Not For Distance,
but For Results.
Writing in 1841 of a fall from an im
mense altitude which did not result
in death, a French-observer, M. Man
zini, declares that he had searched In
vain in the annals of science for a
similar case We can well believe it.
The victim or patient was a tapis
sier who had been engaged in putting
up decorations on the occasion of the
belated obsequies of Napoleon the
Great in the lofty dome of the Church
of the Invalides in Paris. When busy
moving a ladder on the top of a high
scaffolding he overbalanced himself
and, in obedrence to some obscure in
stinct, jumped clear of the ladder and
the platform, crying to his fellow
workmen as only a Frenchman wpuld,
"Behold me quit'" With these cheer
ful words ou his lips he fell eighty-two
feet, bounding in one place off the roof
of a little dome,- which caused him to
describe a second parabola in the air,
and landing finally, feet first, on the
slate root of a small sacristy
Crashing through the slates, he land
ed astride a rafter, where he was
found sitting, surprised but coherent,
for he was able to give his name and
address when asked for them. Ho had
no recollection of this and became un
conscious when put to bed shortly aft
erward under the care of the great
Pasquier nis insensibility lasted a
very short time, however, and he made
an extraordinary rapid recovery, hav
ing sustained no apparent injuries,
either external or internal At the end
of a month Pasquier found him quite
well London Lancet
THE SQUAW'S SHAWL
It Must Be Just So to Suit Her Fas
The Indian wears his blanket on the
hottest summer days His theory is
that if it keeps out the cold in winter
it will keep out the heat in summer,
says Ben Myers of Oklahoma City
While he might not care to buy any
thing else expensive, the price of a
suitable blanket is never questioned,
but it would be difficult indeed to de
ceive him as to tho texture of any
"A squaw will imitate almost any
thing that pleases her fancy, but in
the matter of her blanket or shawl she
exhibits an unusual amount of individ
uality. With great care and patience
she designs her blanket, and when she
places the order with the mill man he
does not dare duplicate it until she has
had an opportunity to wear it.
"If she makes the request that it
shall not be duplicated her wishes are
regarded, because it is the one article
she possesses in which exclusiveness is
much coveted and also because what
would please one squaw would not ap
pear at all attractive to another.
"The lightweight shawl or blanket is
thrown over the head of the squaw,
and unless she is able to purchase a
bright colored silk kerchief it will
serve as her only bonnet as well. It is
just as common a sight now to see the
papoose securely bound on the back of
its mother by a portion of her blanket
as it used to be to see the wee head of
the Indian babe peeping from the te
kas, or frame cradle" Washington
Confidence In the Mails.
Ha\ing sent a strong box key by
mail in an unregistered letter, a clerk
was told by his employer that the key
"arrived O. K.," but that the means of
transportation adopted showed too
much confidence. In answer the clerk
said, "Ever since a New Year's eve
incident of two years' standing my
confidence in the postoffice is great."
And pressed for an explanation he
said: "That evening, or early in the
morning rather, a man came out of a
restaurant rather the worse for cele
brating. He had a wallet in his pocket
containing considerable money and
was uucertain as to the honesty of his
companions He went to a letter box.
forced the wallet through the slot and
continued to make a night of it. It
required consrderable red tape to re
cover his property, but ho got it"~
New York Tribune.
Tipping and Treating.
There are two practices in this coun
try that are being justly condemned
One is tippiug and the other treating
To be sure, we are not responsible for
originating either Away back in the
days of Queen Elizabeth every coffee
house had a box bearing the Inscrip
tion, "To Insure Promptness," hence
T. I. Neither is treating an inuova
tion Some of the Caesars, so says his
tory, used to get huffy when* their
guests could not see the bottom of the
glass often enough But both have got
such a hold on Americans that they
have come to be recognized as national
habits, and the latter sometimes as
national evil.Indianapolis News
A Willing Witness.
"Did his actions have an air of veri
similitude?" the lawyer asked the wit
"What was that, sir?"
"I say, did his conduct wear an aii
"Oh." replied the witness "Sure'
He was versimilitudin' all round the
place "Saturday Evening Post
Women and Their Idols.
"Women adore Idols"
"Don't they? Why. when a worn
an's idol proves human she's stronger
for it than ever "Toledo Blade
An unjust acquisition is like a barb
ed arrow, which must be drawn back
ward with horrible anguish or else will
be your destruction Jeremy Taylor.
Wellington's Cool Interview With a
One day as the Duke of Wellington
Bat writing at his library table quite
alone his door was suddenly opened
without a knock or announcement of
any sort, and in stalked a gaunt man.
who stood before the commander in
Chief with his hat on and a savage ex
pression of countenance.
The duke was of course a little an
noyed at such an unceremonious in
terruption, and, looking up, he asked,
"Who are you?" "I am Dionysius,"
was the singular answer. "Well, what
do you want?' "Your life." "My
life?" "Yes I am sent to kill you."
"Very odd," said the duke, sitting back
and calmly gazing at the intruder
"Not at all, for I am Dionysius," said
the stranger, "and I must put yon to
death." "Are you obliged to perform
this duty today?" asked the comman
der in chief. "I am very busy just
now and have a large number of let
ters to write. It would be very in
convenient today." The visitor looked
hard during a moment's pause. "Call
again," continued the duke, "or write
and make an appointment." "You'll
be ready?" "Without fail," was the re
The maniac, awed doubtless by the
stern old soldier, backed out of the
room without further words and half
an hour later was safe in bedlam.
FULL OF GRATITUDE.
But the Little One Had a Queer Way
of Expressing it.
Mr. Brown's business kept him so
occupied during the daytime that he
had little opportunity to enjoy the so
ciety of his own children. When some
national holiday gave him a day of
leisure his young son was usually his
chosen companion One day, how
ever, Mr. Brown, reproached by the
wistful eyes of his seven-year-old
daughter, reversed the order of things
and invited the little girl to go with
him for a long walk
She was a shy, silent, small person,
and during the two hours' stroll not a
single word could Mr. Brown induce
the little maid to speak, but her shin
ing eyes attested that she appreciated
his efforts to amuse herindeed, she
fairly glowed with suppressed happi
Just before they reached home, how
ever, the child managed, but only aftei
a tremendous struggle with her inher
ent timidity, to find words to express
"Papa, what flower do you like
best?" she asked.
"Why, I don't know, my dearsun
flowers, I guess."
"Then," cried the little girl, beam
ing with gratitude, "that's what I'll
plant on your grave!"Exchange.
The Soap and Water Cure.
The traveler in the Himalayas must
be prepared for surprises. Two days
after the Hon. C. G. Bruce had reach
ed Mana he received a message from
a young lady saying that ever since
she had seen him on the day of his
arrival she had been 111 "I was very
much hurt, I allow," says Major Bruce
In "Twenty Years In the Himalayas."
During the course of a short but inter
esting career no such snub had ever
been administered o my self respect.
I said, 'But can't I do anything?' She
said, 'Yes wash your face and let me
have the water.' So we got hot water
and soap, and she sat on a rock to see
that there was no _deception. The
water, or, rather, the decoction, was
then put into a long tumbler, and she
then and there drank it all! What is
more, the next day she sent word that
she was ouita cured."
Boilers (Jang Edgers
Planers and Matchers
We Manufacture fu'l l,ne"of Up-to-date
Saw Mill Machinery. Engines, etc. Writs
for our Catalog Free. It v.M pay you. i lit
Economy of Good Sheds and Barns
You know as well as we do that live stock, in order to be kept in any kind of con-
dition during the cold winters that prevail in this climate, must be properly housed.
That means not only good, warm barns, but sheds In which they can seek shelter at
will from the cold wind, rain and snow.
Are you going to build either sheds or barns this winter' If you aro lot us make
you an estimate on the material that you will need. We have a particularly large
stock of material suitable for these purposes, and are prepared to make you very
CALEY LUMBER CO.
BENJAfllN SOULE, Manager
Job Printing and Job Printing
HERE are two kinds of Job Printingmat which is neat and
artistic and that which possesses neither of these qualities. The
Princeton Union makes it a point to turn out none but the former
kind, and the Union finds this easy because it has the type, machinery
and skilled labor*with which to accomplish it.
NotHing Looks Worse Than
Botched Job Printing.
It is a drawback to the business of a merchant or anyone else who uses
it. Botched Job Printing suggests loose methods. Then why not use
the kind printed by the Union? It costs you no more and gives the
public a good impression of your business. The Princeton Union is
prepared to execute every description of
Commercial and Fancy Printing
at short notice and nominal prices. If you are in need of letterheads,
noteheads, billheads, statements, cards, posters, programs, wedding
invitations or any other work in the printing line, an order for the
same placed with the Union will insure its being produced in an at-
tractive and uo-to-date style.
fce PRINCETON UNION
xml | txt