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fen O*1 I* Nearly Half the Electors I Disfranchised For Five I Years and Fined Ac I .cording to Amount of Bribe Taken. AD By JAMES A. E0GERTON. DAMS county, 0 may become the leader in a new crusade. She is disfranchising her boodlers. Between 2,000 and 8,000 of the voters are slated to stay away from the polls for the next five years. As there are only about 6,500 voters in "the entire county, more than one-third iwill thus be disqualified. Judge A. Z. Blair, the man directing -operations, says that the number may go higher and may include half of the men in the county. He has expressed the opinion that two-thirds of them 'have been guilty of selling their votes at one time or another. This is about the most staggering revelation of cor ruption yet made. Lest any Pharisaical finger of scorn ,be pointed at Adams county, however, It may be as well to state that the dif ference between her and certain other countiesI was about to say all other countiesis that she has repented and is trying to cleanse herself. In that far she has all the best of the compari son and is entitled to praise. She is ,worthy of additional commendation for the reason that she is setting a whole some example to the nation. Thirty Years' Political Debauchery. The testimony shows that the buy ing and selling of votes has been go ing on in this Ohio county for more than thirty years. One man said there 'have not been more than three or four (honest elections in all that time. Po litical committees, candidates, election officials and practically all in authority \were implicated. The drain on candi dates was so heavy that several spent more to be elected than their entire salary. A few were financially ruined by running for ofl&ce. Under this iregime office seekers became scarce. Men were not less anxious for the plums, but the price was too high. It got to be so that men had to be draft ed to go on the ticket. I The corruption started in a small Kvay, but the voters themselves were so eager to sell their portion of sov ereignty that the shameful habit be came fixed. Election day came to be regarded like Christmasas a season gifts. At first the bargain and sale swere ^^oQ OOO^ secret, the negotiations usually 'being carried on in a back lot at mid night. After a time it grew more open, and men boasted of the amounts they recei\ed. One old gentleman counted a box in front of the court house and auctioned off his vote to the highest bidder, and, though officers of the law were standing by, nothing was done about it. Both parties were concerned in the traffic, and this gave not a few of the voters a chance to work both sides of the street One old chap testified that he had got $10 from the Democrats, nn additional $10 from the Repub licans and wound up the day by work ing the Republican candidate for sher iff for $3 He did not say which way he \oted, but possibly eased his con science, if he had any left, by split ting his ticket Vote Buyers Cautious. The vote buyers usually made sure, how ever, that they were not fooled by these double barreled vote sellers. To rtfo this an election judge had to be a -confederate. By shaking each ticket open the judue could see which way it was marked and so report by scratching his ear or by some other sign. Another method of identifica tion was to have each bought voter mark his ballot in a peculiar way, a "different mark being arranged for each man. Sometimes the marking would be for a Prohibition or Social ist candidate for some unimportant office. If a ballot was found with this peculiar marking the voter would Tje paid. The bidding was often fast and furious. One man, Uncle Fred die Bock, went back and forth be tween the Republicans and Democrats until his price was raised from $10 to .$25. Adams is a poor county, but poverty was not always the excuse for vote selling. One of the culprits is worth $50,000. Others are ministers of the gospel, lawyers and doctors. Often a higher price would be given a man of "influence" on the theory that he could swing other votes with his own. Nor was the traffic among foreigners. There are very few foreigners in the -county. The men are nearly all of old American stock. Nor are there any large towns to spread corruption. Farming is almost the sole industry. Adams is one of the Ohio river coun ties that have been nearly stationary in population for severaft decades. It has but one railroad, which is many miles from the county seat. The hey flay of its prosperity was before the advent of steam railroads, when the liver was the chief means of trans portation. One of the big crops is to bacco. Another seems to be farming out votes. Most of the county is hilly, sind the denizens of these sections are called "Hill Billies" or "Hillikens." Adams is the next county west of fScioto, in which the city of Ports A- -mouth is located. Scioto and several adjoining counties are said to be al "V%V. 0 SHOWS TO ERADICATE" CORRUPT VOTING *-K5 Public Auctions of Ballot For 30 Years Revealed by ProsecutionsOth- er Communities Also Guilty?, i i most as badly tainted as Adamslike wise numerous other counties in this broad republic. Other Counties Guilty. Judge Blair recently touched on this phase of the subject also on the pow er of the newspapers to rectify the evil. He said: While the other counties in Ohio and practically all the newspapers In this country are looking askance at Adams county and saying how dreadful It must be to have so many votes sold and bought, I would gently remind them that right at their doors there Is as much, if not more, fraud than in Adams county. It is vastly different, inasmuch as it is practiced in open defiance of the law, while here we have had hardly any law for many years Of course Adams county has to bear the brunt of this criticism. It will bear It to cleanse itself. But it would be more satisfied if these "goody-goody" newspa pers and these "goody-goody" politicians who are gazing its way with the kindness of a father -would kindly turn their eyes to their own hearths and ascertain if they are as clean and spotless as they should be. I am a great believer in those newspa pers which print the facts concerning the government, whether it be municipal, county, state or national. I believe we are getting to be too big a nation to al low the politicians to run us, to think for us and to run our government for us. Any one at all acquainted with polit ical conditions knows this charge to be true. The writer has personally heard detailed stories of similar cor ruption in other Ohio countieslike wise in up state counties in New York. The political workers make no secret of the matter. Some- of them e^en I boast openly of tneir exploits- in win ning their election districts by tbe use of money. Frequently the political committees of both parties keep lists of "floaters"'that is of men whose votes can be- purchased. Indirectly I have heard similar tales from Indiana and elsewhere. Let judges everywhere take up this work. And, if the judges wiB not, let the newspapers come to the front. If one paper in eaeh eounty should go at this matter man fashion and in ear nest there would soon be an epidemic of bribery prosecutions that would have a tonic moral effect on the whole nation. Sentences Old Friends. See what one determined man has done! Judge Blair has had to sen tence his old friends and neighbors. Nearly every man that comes before him he can call by his first name. He has had to bear threats against Ms life. He has had to face the opposi tion of political machines. In the be ginning it was exceedingly difficult to. find a grand jury that would return indictments. These jurors had to con front, in a less degree, the same oppo sitlon, the same hatred, the same ac tual peril to property and life encoun tered by Judge Blair. Whe*n twelve honest and fearles*! men were got together the next sten was to call in the vote buyers and de mand their lists of floaters, with the threat of Imprisonment if they refus ed. Tlien the county was placarded wit1! a proclamation signed by the judge and the prosecuting attorney, asking all those guilty of buying or, selling votes to come before the court In the first sentences imposed Judge Blair made it plain that it would go much easier with those who did come in voluntarily and confess than with those who resisted. Knowing him to be a man of his word, the culprits ar rived literally by the hundreds. They did not wait to be indicted. So great was the influx into West Union, the county seat, that all the hotels and boarding houses were crowded to their capacity, and the people had to throw open their homes to entertain the repentant vote sell ers. Judge Blair's court was called "the mourners' bench," and the judge himself became "the father confess- or." Some of the poor "Hill Billies" walked thirty miles to be on hand. Others came on horseback or in road wasons concerted into carryallsany thing to get there! \$cmm west uw^&i OHIO COUNTY SEAT WHICH IS CENTER OF BRIBERY DISCLOSURES VND PRINCIPALS IN THE BALLOT TRAG3E&Y. nH Easy on Willing Confessors. To all those who confessed Judge Blair gave light sentences. The usual fine was the amount received by the culprit at the last election. If the man were poor, all this was remitted but $5. If very poor, time was given to settle even this trifling amount. In addition, the voter was disfranchised for five years and a suspended jail sentence imposed. A pointed admoni tion was given to keep straight or this jail sentence would be enforcedlike wise the remitted part of the fine. The proceedings have been secret, so that no man's shame need be known unless he told it himself. But he must not attempt to vote for five years. That would mean the penitentiary. To recalcitrant offenders the sen tence was more drastic Five men who failed to come before the court when ordered so to do were hauled out of bed at 2 o'clock in the morning and sent to jail. A rich man who had sold his vote was fined $00. A former county official, who after leaving court made threatening remarks, was called back, given a heavy fine and warned that any more talk of that kind would mean the penitentiary. Many of the personal incidents con nected with the crusade were pathetic, others laughable. One old lady, whose aged husband and imbecile son were indicted, walked miles trying to raise? money to pay the fines. Judge Blair remitted the whole amount and or dered" the bailiff to take the woman to the hotel and give feer^the best meal in town. Women Now the Voters. In the school district of Billtown all the men have been indicted, and the women will have to do the voting and hold the offices. Three women have al ready declared thsmselves candidates for school trustee It has been charged that many of the wives encouraged their husbands in iniquity and used the money to buy finery. This the women indignantly deny and say taat they hav* opposed the traffic. One woman, however, 'has confessed that she sold the vote of her son. Poverty was her excuse. A typical ease is that of James Blythe. After Blythe had emerged from a seance with the judge a by stander piped up: "Waal, Jim. what did he do to ye?" "Fined me $5 and disinfected me for five years." said Jim. The judge has literally "disinfected" the county for five years. He is going over the territory once again. The first time he 'used a har- row," he said, and some of the offend ers slipped between the teeth. The second time he is employing a fine tooth comb. "Can any good come out of Naza- reth?" Good is surely coming out of this modern vote selling Nazareth. Adams county is saying to all sister counties in the land, "Go thou and do likewise." TrTtTBflTAY JAiTtfABT 19, 1911. NORTHWESTERN HOSPITAL AND SANITARIUM. (ESTABLISHED 1900) A private institution which combines aU the advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital' with the quiet and comfort of a refined and elegant home. Modern in every respect. No Insane, contagious or other objectionable cases reoeived. Rates are as low as the most effi cient treatment and the best trained nursing will permit. H. C. COONEY, M. D., iledlcal Director, MISS ANNA R. JOHNSON. Superintendent. *'!''t' 'I '!'!!'!H"fr- !H' PETER MOEGER Merchant Tailor I New J i and winter patterns have arrived. Call and inspect them. Pit guaranteed and prices right. Repairing Cleaning Pressing Main Street, Princeton I Violin Lessons i Terms Reasonable $ DONALD MARSHALL! Inquire at Ewing's Musi6 Store or at Supt. Marshall's Residence t"W-I-l"l"l"l"'l"l"I'|'..|.iI.it.iInIi,|ii|i.|.4.4..|. 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This brings on many diseases and symp tomspain in the hack, headache, nervousness, hot, dry skin, rheuma tism, gout, giravel, disorders of the eyesight and hearing, dizziness, ir regular heart, debility drowsiness, dropsy, deposits in the -urine, etc. But if you keep the filters right you will have no trouble with your kid neys. Thomas-Post, Main street, Prince ton, Minn., saysi "My back was very lanae and I was annoyed by a too frequent desire to pass the kidney secretions. Doan's Kidney Pills gave me relief from these symptoms of kidney complaint and greatly strengthened my back. I feel justified in recommending this remedy in view of the benefit it has brought me." For sale by all dealers or upon re ceipt of price, 50 cents. Foster-Mil burn Co., Buffalo, New York, sole agents for the United States. Remember the nameDoan's and take no other. Farm For Sale. 80 acres in Isanti county. Known as the S. J. Sarner farm. Will be sold to settle the estate. For further information, address A. S. Francis, Administrator, South St. Paul, Minn. 3-3t Det a G*a Farm Mortgages, Insurance, Collections. First National Bank of Princeton, Minnesota. Paid up Capital, $30,000 A General Banking Busi ness Transacted. Loans Made on Approved Security. Interest Paid on Time De posits. Foreign and Domestic Ex change. S. S. PETTERSON, President. T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres. J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier. M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission or by the day. Princeton State Bank Capital $20,000 =L_Banking i Interest Paid on Time Deposits. frfrfrfrfrfrfrfrfrfr'M'frfrfrfrfrM'fr'M^fr'M'^^ Security State Bank Princeton, Minnesota Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000 JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier L. C. HUMMEL in Fresh and Salt Meats, Lard, Poultry, Pish and Game in Season. Both Telephones. Main Street, (Opposite Starch Factory.) 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We can show them to*you any day. You are wise if you deal in shoe certainties, and to do that you have but to make a practice of coming here for all your needs in footwear. Yours truly, Solomon Long *?f "I"M"M"M"|"'| HH 1 1 23 3 i&L 21 if'