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R. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms $1.00 Per Tear.
GOOD ROADS BILLS Two Pleasures to Come Up in House Today, One of Which Provides lor a One-riill Tax. way CommissionDefines Its Powers, Duties, Etc. Onion Special Correspondence St. Paul, Feb. 1.Good roads legislation will be the special order of the session of the house to be held Thursday of this week. There are two measures to come up at that time. Both are committee bills. One pro vides for the submission of a constitu tional amendment to increase the state road tax, which is now one quarter of a mill, to one mill the ther relates to the state highway commission, defines its powers and duties, and appropriates money there for. The Other Relates to the State High- Plans will be made for it by the state J* I have said that both these were committee bills. Their parentage, however, is only by adoption The real author of their existence is R. C. Dunn of Princeton, and they embody his plan for the improvement of the state highways. They were sent in as they have been partly in order to facil itate their passage, and partly, as Mr. Dunn explained, because he wanted the committee to share the feon or if there was any, or the dis honor if the law proved unsatis factory 5* $- In connection with their adoption there was an incident which demon strated at once che practical nature of the measures, the public appreciation oi the value of the services Mr. Dunn has rendered in connection with them, and the high regard in which he is held by his associates in the house. At the final meeting of the committee in which the bills were considered there were a number present, county commissioners and others, who had come there to fight what they sup posed were to be its provisions. After Mr. Dunn had explained how the measure would work out, they changed their minds and became en thusiastic in its favor The com mittee was unanimously for it, and, on Mr. Dunn presenting it for their adoption, insisted on giving him a vote of thanks, and this too with demonstrations which showed they meant it Of the bill for the constitutional amendment it is not necessary to speak at any length It simply pro vides for the submission to the people at the next general election of the prop osition to levy a one-mill instead of a one-quarter mill tax. It was neces sary to incorporate in the bill consti tutional provisions already in force but the only change is the change in the road tax rate. With the good roads bill it's differ ent. It is a long bill and requires a good deal of explanation. I will try, as briefly as I can, to outline its pro visions In the first place it provides for the perpetuation of the highway commission and prescribes its duties. It authorizes the commission to appoint a secretary who shall be civil engineer and practical road builder and be known as the state engineer, and employ such assistants and clerical help as may be neces sary The commission is required to in vestigate and determine the location of road material in the state, ascer tain the most approved methods of road mending and road construction, investigate the road systems of other states and report to the governor an nually, giving the number of miles of state roads built during the year, their character and other informa tion as to material, etc. The bill appropriates $150,000 annually for the nse of the commission, who them selves serve without compensation other than traveling expenses, and gives into their charge the state road and bridge fund for the repletion of which only one-quarter of a mill tax can at present be levied 4 5 On or before the first Tuesday in March the commission is required to estimate the receipts of the road and bridge fund and apportion them among the several counties, taking into consideration in each case the area, the amount of money expended by the county in road construction, the difficulty and expense of such con struction, "and the extraordinary ex- pense connected with the development of new territory." i* A county board may designate any established road a state road, in which case it is to be constructed and improved in accordance with the regu lations of the highway commission. engineer and its construction shall be under his supervision. *S* Now comes the important provision i the bill by which ultimately its value must be weighed. By it the highway commission is authorized to appoint as many assistant engineers throughout the state as they think necessary. These engineers may be assigned one or more counties. They are required to make all surveys, esti mates, specifications, etc., for work to be done on state roads, and "it shall also be the duty of said assistant engineers, upon the request of any board of county commissioners or any board of town supervisors," to advise and consult with them about the construction or improvement of any road within their jurisdiction, to make plans and specifications for them and to "lend every possible as sistance to the local road authorities in bettering the public highways." Final payment shall not be made on any contract for road work involving an expenditure of upwards of $200 until the district engineer has certi fied that the work has been properly done according to contract. There is a proviso, however, that a county which has a county superintendent of highways shall not be subject to this provision except as to state- roads. It may here be added that the assis tant engineers above referred to and all other persons employed by the highway commission "shall be ap pointed solely on their merits and qualifications," and can only be re moved for cause or when their ser vices are no longer required. Whenever any county board shall determine to improve or build a state road it shall proceed as follows: If $500 all necessary surveys made by an assistant engineer, and the work may either be done by con tract or by day's work under the engi neer's supervision. If it is over $500 the plans must be submitted to the highway commission, and the work may be done by contract or day labor under the supervision of the assistant engineer who is at all times and in all things subject to the rules and regula tions of the highway commission and the instructions of the state engineer When any work is completed, in order to get state aid, the county auditor must report the particulars to the highway commission. If the highway commission finds the report satis factory it certifies the same to the state auditor, who shall then issue his war rant for the amount 4. 4. .j. In addition to his other duties the state engineer is required to inspect annually all bridges over thirty feet in length and report to the commis sion with such recommendations as he may deem advisable. S I think it is quite safe to say that there will be no further probing into the affairs of the state fair this year. It appears to be the general opinion that it would involve needless expense and that no practical advantage would result The new board is thoroughly alive to the necessity of adopting more business-like methods and introducing other reforms where experience has demonstrated that re forms are necessary. The secretary is a new man, satisfied with the salary of his office and determined to make good. He has neither experience in nor taste for the peculiar kind of poli tics which in the past has made the fair board a close corporation. He realizes his responsibility to the board and to the people, and will court rather than avoid the co-opera tion of those associated with him in the fair's management and invite the aid of the public examiner in devising and carrying out a practical system of accounting. Leading members of the legislature are inclined to help the board at this time and to give it every opportunity to carry out the reforms to which its members pledge them selves. 4. 4. $ No doubt the views expressed by the secretary have helped them to reach this conclusion. In his opinion the prime purpose of the fair is educa tional and expositional. Amusement features are valuable only as they attract people to the fair and afford such recreation as will .relieve the Continued on Page 4 A SUCCESSFUL YEAR The Princeton Co-operative Creamery Holds Annual Meeting and Elects Officers for ion. August F. Meyer Chosen to Succeed Louis Rust as PresidentSy- nopsis of Proceedings. Between 90 and 100 representative farmers were present at the annual meeting of the Princeton Co-operative Creamery association at Brands' opera house on Tuesday afternoon. They were not all shareholders, but they all take an interest in the cream ery and were gratified with the results which it had achieved. Louis Bust presided and M. C. Thorring was the secretary of the meeting. The following report of the secre tary will show that the creamery is in a very prosperous condition: RECEIPTS Balance on hand Jan 1st, 1910 $ 812 57 Received from butter to merchants 2,202 73 Butter to patrons 368 96 Butter shipped 52,036 16 Check from O Warner to balance 32 22 Total $55 347 64 DISBURSEMENTS Cash paid for butterfat $49,149 66 Paid patrons by butter 263 62 First National Bank, insurance 60 49 First Nationa Bank, mterest on notes J3 50 First National Bank, to apply on notes 800 00 Creamery Pkg Mfg Co butter tubs and other supplies 1,842 95 Geo E Eice & Co coal 393 16 Caley Hdw Co salt and supplies 128 77 Smoke stack 47 85 National Dairy Union 25 00 Storehouse 379 87 Interest to stockholders 280 25 Board of Directors 101 00 Salaries to but'ermaker and help in creamery 1610 00 Incidental expenses 107 66 Balance on hand Jan 1st, 1911 423 76 Total Cream received Average test Butterfat in cream Milk received Average test Butterfat in milk the estimated cost is not more than the new board pf directors repeal all are to be 5s PRINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1911. John Dalchow and Peter Jensen were re-elected on the board of directors. These men are all up-to-date farmers and have made dairying a specialty. The Da i is confident that they will make good. The matter of placing an electric motor in the creamery came up but no definite action was taken. West Branch Creamery Report. Following is a synopsis of the re of the West Branch Creamery as sociation for the year ending Decem ber 31, 1910: port RECEIPTS On hand from last year From butter From other sources Total DISBURSEMENTS Paid patrons Paid, cream haulers Running expenses Paid into sinking fund Balance on hand Total Milk received Cream received Avefage test of milk Average test of cream Butterfat from milk Butterfat from cream Total buttar made $55,347 64 276 981 28 32 164 332 18 55 577 2 202 06 The first business of importance which came up was the merging of the office of secretary and treasurer, the man elected to furnish a bond of $2,000. Upon motion the change was made and another motion carried that sections in the by-laws conflicting therewith. Letters from the government depart ment of argiculture were read by the president urging that farmers supply better cream so that better butter may be manufactured and better prices be secured as a consequence. Peter Jensen, one of the authorities dairying in this part of the country, said there was no reason why better cream could not be taken to the creamery. He suggested that the cream be delivered twice a week in the winter and three times a week in the summer. "Let us farmers help one another," said Mr. Jensen, "let us be neighborly and take one another's cream to Princetonone farmer may go to town today and another tomor row. Let us take our neighbors' cream if they are unable to deliver it. Good, fresh cream will bring us more money for our butter," said Mr. Jensen, "it is impossible to make good butter from stale cream." Henry Murphy of Baldwin moved that Mr. Jensen's suggestion be made imperative, but Mr. Warner, butter maker at the creamery, took the floor and said that if the farmers brought in their cream twice a week, providing that they kept it in good shape, it would be all right. Here Mr. Warner told them exactly how to care for the cream so that it would keep perfectly sweet if they delivered it at least twice a week. He said that there were but a few farmers who brought in stale cream, but the great point was that this stale cream, when mixed with the sweet cream, reduced the grade ol the butter manufactured and that this re duction meant a comparative lessen ing of the price received in the eastern markets. An amendment to Murphy motion that cream be delivered not less than twice a week and that the butter maker be empowered to reject all stale cream, was then earned. August Meyer made a suggestion that the constitution be changed so that stockholders of the Princeton Co-operative creamery who sell cream and milk to centralizers or other creameries shall be deprived of in terest on the money which they have invested in such stock. Mr. Meyer's suggestion was vociferously cheered, and it seems to us that it is well worthy of consideration by the new board of directors. A man who buys stoek in a concern and then deliber ately knocks it is not worthy of mem bership, and, that is not all, he is penny wise and pound foolishhe is knocking himself as well. The election of officers resulted as follows: August P. Meyer, presi dent A. P. Nelson, vice president M. C. Thorring, secretary-treasurer. $25,798 81 450 00 2145 10 1.110 44 183 00 829 687 95 196 984 804,505 3 89 26 44 7,661 19 80,534 25 105,910 35 309 2T5 Average price paid per lb for butterfat Average price obtained per lb for butter McFarlaud-Chase A pretty wedding occurred at the home of Mr. and Mrs. George Chase at Chippewa Falls, Wis., on January 25, when Harriet Mildred Chase, daughter of the above named, was united in marriage to Le Roy Mc Farland of Preston, Montana. Only the immediate relatives of the con tracting parties and intimate friends were present. The ceremony was per formed beneath an arch of smilax and carnations and was conducted by Rev. Harris of the M. E. church. The bride was gowned in a creation of white silk and carried a bouquet of cream roses and hyacinths. The house decorations were of ferns and cut flowers. At 5:30 a bountiful supper was pro vided by the bride's parents and Mr. and Mrs. McFarland received many pretty and valuable presents. The groom was born and raised in Greenbush and three years ago went to Montana and there filed on a claim. He is now one of Montana's prosperous farmers. The bride is one of the most highly esteemed young IaSttfs- Ghtppawa-f*&Hr&ad- wss^afc bat time head trimmer at one of the millinery stores of that place. Mrs. C. O. Moore of Princeton, sister of the groom, was among those in attendance at the wedding. The bridal couple left Chippewa Falls upon the morning of the wedding for a visit to relatives Minne apolis, Princeton and Mora, and they will be at home to their many friends at Preston, Montana, after February 15 Congratulations are extended by the Union to Mr. and Mrs. McFarland and they have its well wishes. M. E. Choir Elects Officers The E. church choir held its annual meeting last Thursday evening and after the regular praetice the fol lowing officers were elected: Mrs. Guy Ewing, president Mrs. S. Briggs, vice president Otto Radeke, treasurer Miss Verna Townsend, re cording secretary A. Davis, cor responding secretary Mrs. Larson, chairman music committee Mrs. C. A. Caley, chairman social committee. Mrs. Caley was retained as choir leader for the ensuing year. Later the choir adjourned to the basement of the church, where Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Caley served refresh ments, and a pleasant social evening was passed. Star Route Discontinued In accordance with orders received by Postmaster Briggs from the post office department at Washington the ruralStarroute between Princeton and Freer was discontinued on Jan uary 31. The mail for Freer from this point now goes by way of Foreston. Sanford Hatch, who carried the mail on the Star route and received as compensation the princely salary of $480 per annum, will now have to seek other employment. Conditional Teachers' Certificates. Beginning with the May examina tion in 1911 the conditional certificate will be withdrawn and will be no longer issued. Beginning with the first examination in 1912 candidates for renewal must pass an examina tion in all subjects marked below 75. This includes both first and second grade certificates. Fine Young Horses. I have some fine Worses at my barn -sound, young animals suitable for farm or general purpose work. You will probably never again be able to obtain horses of this sort at so low a price as these are being offered for. Call at the barn and size them up. 3-tfc Aulger Rines. COURT TERM CLOSES District Court Proceedings Ended on TuesdayAll Cases on Calen- dar Receive Attention. Resume of the Cases Disposed of Sub- sequent to the Issue of Last Number of the Union. The proceedings of the district court to a close on Tuesday morning, term having lasted about a week. During that time 30 civil and one criminal case received due atten Judge C. A. Nye and Court Stenographer Philip M. Woodward for their homes on the evening train. The cases not disposed of at time the Union was printed last week are hereunder given: State xf Minnesota, in personal propeerty tax proceedings, vs. Mary Rines. Joseph A. Ross, county attorney, for state, Charles Keith for defendant. Settled by stipulation. State of Minnesota, in personal property tax proceedings, vs. Joseph Grieneder. Joseph A. Ross, county attorney, for state. Judgment for state. State of Minnesota, in personal property tax proceedings, vs. A. Ness. Joseph A. Ross, county attorney, for the state. Judgment for state. State of Minnesota, personal property tax proceedings, vs. Mille Lacs Manufacturing company. Joseph A. Ross, county attorney, for state. Judgment for state. Jacob Kautt vs. Valentine Herman. Suit to settle dispute over lumber con tract. E. L. McMillan for plaintiff, C. H. MacKenzie for defendant. Con tinued on stipulation. John McClure vs. Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste Marie Railway company. Suit to recover for right of way taken and for incidental damage to adjoining property. C. H. MacKenzie and E. L. McMillan for plaintiff, John L. Erdahl and Alfred H. Bright for defendant. Jury re turned verdict for plaintiff in the sum of $1,500. Alice Locke vs. John McClure. Suit to recover for alleged sale of hry. Chas. A. Dickey ^foT--plahrtrfrj C. H. MacKenzie for defendant. Ver dict for defendant. William J. Meyers vs. Barney Oeffler and Simon Kasper. Suit to recover for timber trespass. C. F. J. Goebel for plaintiff, Olin C. Myron for defendant. Verdict for plaintiff in the sum of $600. William Scheller vs. Board of County Commissioners of Mille Lacs county Appeal from order of county commissioners vacating a portion of the public highway which runs through appellant's premises, asking that action of commissioners be reversed or, if affirmed, that appellant be allowed $1,600 damages. Chas. A Dickey for appellant, Jos. A. Ross for defendant. A verdict affirming the action of the county board was re turned by the jury but awarded appellant $250 damages instead of $25 as fixed by the board. A stay of 60 days was granted, in which the county board could consider matters of moving for an appeal or for a new trial. State of Minnesota vs. O. A. Ladeen. Assault in first degree. Appeal from justice court. Jos. A. Ross for the state, Chas. A. Dickey for defendant. The court submitted to the jury three forms of verdict first degree assault, which involves intent to kill second degree assault, which involves intent to do grievous bodily harm and verdict of not guilty. The jury returned a verdict of not guilty. came the 252 45 29103 37 832 18 839,687 95 Court Notes County Attorney Joseph A. Ross had his hands full during the term there was a multitude of details to at tend to. But, as usual, Mr. Ross was equal to the occasionhe kept his work up close at all times. Some of the curiosity seekers at the squaw trial who sat in close proximi ty to the dusky matrons of the forest say that never more will they attend an Indian trial without taking a sup ply of eau de cologne with them. W. A. Christian made a first-class interpreter of the Chippewa tongue at the squaw trial. At least Sheriff Shockley says so, and he is an acknowledged authority on the lan gage and its grammatical construc tion' Attorney C. H. MacKenzie, who was counsel in three cases before the dis trict court, returned to the state capi tol at St. Paul on Monday to resume his duties as clerk of the house judi ciary committee. Mac is one of "the 11, !y^P5ffFg"rn5l!!?r7iii MINNESOTA HISTORICAL] SOCIETY, VOLUME XXXT. NO. 6 brightest young lawyers of the Mille Lacs county bar. Stenographer Woodward's oldest son, Philip, jr., was the pet of court attendants during the term. Jim, the janitorial dog, was relegated to the background. Philip had lots of fun and one day attended the Whittier school. Attacked by Squaws Five squaws, each carrying a pappoose, were brought down from Wigwam bay on Wednesday by Deputy Sheriff Eichmiller upon com plaint sworn out by L. M. Dinwiddle. Their names are Tah-bas, Way-won de-be-ta, Ay-yah-bince, Eh-quay and Naugh-baugh. The grand jury having adjourned, the noble red women were arraigned before Justice Dickey in the district court room on Friday evening for examination. W. A. Christian acted in the capacity of interpreter. It appears from the testi mony that L. M. Dinwiddie, together with Constable Bain, went to the Indian shanties to remove the occu pants from Dinwiddie's land, when they were attacked by the squaws and that Dinwiddie sustained a broken rib from the force of a blow struck Tah-bas with a neck yoke. In the course of the proceedings the squaws testified that during the winter their houses had been set fire to in an attempt to drive them from their homes and that they suffered much in consequence. This, however, had but little bearing on the case at issue. It is Dinwiddie's land and he has the law on his sidehe had a perfect right to evict the intruders. The evi dence introduced was lengthy and at the conclusion of the examination Justice Dickey bound Tah-bas over to the April term of court in the sum of $100, bail being furnished by John McClure and John F. Lindquist. The other squaws were set free. County Attorney Ross appeared for the state and C. H. MacKenzie defended the squaws. Throughout the examination the court room was well filled with people, the majority of whom pre sumably attended out of mere curiosity. Nearly Perished In lee Hole Andrew Sjoblom was up at the lake last week and speared the largest mus callonge ever known to have been taken from MiUe-Lacs~~ Jt weighed 45 pounds and came near landing Andrew in kingdom come. When he drove the spear into the back of the monster it of course made a strenu ous effort to free itself. Andrew held on like grim death to the spear handle but the fish was too much for himit dragged him into the bole which had been chopped through the ice. There he became jammedhe was too big to pass through the holebut he still held onto the spear handle with the fish flopping around his feet and cutting up all sorts of capers. Mr. Lindquist, who was fishing through another icehole some distance away, ran to his assistance, but so tightly was he wedged in the hole that his re lease could not be effected. "Make yourself as comfortable as you can, Andrew,"said Lindquist, "I'll soon be back with help." Lindquist ran to shore, about half a mile away, and rounded up four men, who loaded poles, pulleys and tackle into a wagon and started to the rescue. When they reaehed there Andrew still had hold of the spear handle, but he was getting pretty weakhis feet and. the lower part of his limbs, immersed"^ in the water, *were thoroughly be numbed. "I'm half dead," said Andrew in a choky voice, "but my lungs seem to be working all right." The five men, with the poles, blocks and ropes, eventually succeeded in ire leasing Andrew from his perilous situation. And after him came the muscallonge, which was soon dis patched with clubs. How he retained his hold on the spear handle for so long a time and under such conditions is a mystery. Andrew was laid in the wagon, covered with rugs, and driven to the Lindquist home, where he was rubbed down with alcohol and in an hour was himself again. Talk about the constitution of an oxAndrew appears to have the constitution of a rhinoqeros. an Speculators and Roads Let speculators corral the vacant lands of the state and put prohibitive prices thereon, and then try to over comethis obstacle by building roads and schools at public expense in hopes of enticing settlers to locate. This may be wisdom, but what is to prevent the speculator again boosting the price of his lands to cover the ad ditional advantages?Milaca Times. Nothing, only if they put the price of their lands too high people will re fuse to buy. The speculators will soon tire of paying taxes and will be glad to dispose of their lands at reasonable prices. Let the building of roads and schools go onthe more the better. '&$-,# 1 *$ **$