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STATE LEGISLATURE Froshaug is Seated in the Senate by a Vote of Thirty=One to Thirty Cast for His Opponent. Two Bills Introduced in the House for the Further Consolidation of the Rural Schools. Union Special Correspondence St. Paul, Feb. 22.As I predicted, Senator Froshaug has been confirmed his seat. He had a closer shave than I anticipated. He had only 31 votes to his opponent's 30. The fight, however, was not directed altogether against him. Indeed toward the end the seat became, to all intents and purposes, a side issue. The contest developed into a combination between the old guard republicans and the democrats to down Lieutenant Governor Gordon's organization. It was the last despairing effort of the old guard and it left them stranded. It wouldn't have, however, if Mr. Farrington's contest had not been so plainly branded with fraud. When men like Gunderson and Haycraft aDd Putnam and Boyle, after having gone to the trouble to send for the ballot boxes and personally examined the ballots, declared, as a result of their examination, their conviction that ihere could be no question that in the five disputed precincts the ballots had been tampered with, that settled the matter so far as senators were con cerned who had not determined to vote for Farrington, evidence or no evidence Mr. Gunderson said that lihe evidence of fraud was as plain on the ballots themselves as the nose on a man's face. Mr. Haycraft said that no court on earth would hesitate to convict a man accused of crime on evidence as direct and certain. Mr. Boyle, who said he had wanted to vote for Farrington, declared he could not in the face of such con clusive and damning proof. In effect ihey agreed with Mr. Fosnes of counsel for Froshaug that the fraud was rank and smelled to heaven. Fairminded men under such circum stances, however favorable they anight be to Mr. Farrington, could do no less than cast their vote for a man whom an attempt had plainly been made to defraud of his seat. That was why the democrats lost Cashman, whose vote they had counted on That was why Duxbury and Marden refused to go into eamp with the old guard with whom their sympathies lay. Thus the plan to give the Gordon organization a black eye failed, and has probably put an end similar attempts at this session. $- Education reform is in the air this year The advantages of agricultural and manual training in state high schools, as provided for in the Putnam law of last session, will, without doubt, be extended at this session to other high schools Legis lation will be enacted for the further consolidation of rural schools and providing workable machinery for the organization of consolidated school districts and liberal state aid to rural consolidated schools. I have already referred to the school text book bill which is still under consideration. But this is not all. It is now pro posed to reorganize the entire educa tional system. r Theiehave indeed been two bills introduced for this purpose. One by Dr Stone of Park Rapids is very radical in its terms. It would do away with all local organizations elected by the people, as local boards of school trustees and so on, and have all teachers from the district school up to the university selected by a central body and subsidiary boards appointed by it. His scheme, how ever, is regarded by the house educa tion committee as impracticable, and it is likely that it will prefer to approve Mr. JKunze's bill which, while progressive, is greatly less revolu lonaiy in its provisions. 4* This bill of Mr. Kunze leaves out the university, which will continue as at present to recognize the board of regents as its governing body. For the control of other educational insti tutions the bill provides for a non partisan board of five members to serve without remuneration to be knorn as the state board of education. It is to take the place and discharge the duties of the normal school board, the high school board, the state library board, the public school library commission, the board of managers of the state public school at Owatonna and the board of directors of the Minnesota schools for the deaf and blind. It in no way interferes however, except to exercise a general supervision over them with the local common school boards elected by the people. These will still continue to discharge their duties as defined by our present education laws. This board will appoint the superin tendent of public instruction, whose title, however, will be exchanged to that of superintendent of education. It will make plans for the system of public instruction to be adopted. It will advise on all matters with the superintendent of education. It will appoint, in addition to an inspector of high schools and an inspector of graded schools, a rural school com missioner who shall have general su pervision of rural schools. The duty of this commissioner, and it is to be noticed that this is an entirely new office, shall be to assist county super intendents in this work, to further consolidation where practicable, to prepare suggestive courses in agricul ture and industry suitable to the different communities, attend school officers' meetings, to aid school boards in securing proper buildings and equipment at minimum cost, to issue bulletins of information from time to time as authorized by the board, and to aid in every way pos sible to improve the rural schools of the state. $- An animated debate took place in the senate the other day on the subject of the use of Minnesota material, principally stone and brick, in Minne sota public buildings. The occasion for it was a provision in the specifica tions prepared for the construction of contemplated buildings at the uni versity, that Bedford stone from Indiana should be used. The general opinion of the senators was that, con sidering the variety, beauty and utility of Minnesota stone available, it was indefensible to provide that university buildings should be con structed of stone from a particular quarry from Indiana. Objection was also made to buying brick outside the state when just as good brick is manu factured within the state. The ad vantage of being able to point to Min nesota public buildings as being con structed of Minnesota material in "ad- vertising the state was insisted upon. The resolution adopted, which I think will meet with practically universal approval, provides that, where suitable material can be found within the state of equal or greater dura bility and at as low a price, it must be given the preference to Building material produced in other states in the construction of public buildings in Minnesota $- There is likely one of these times to be a lively scrap in the house over the local option bill introduced in the house by Mr. Johnson of Canby. It is generally supposed that we have local option in Minnesota and the brewery interests have all along fought county option on the ground that local option was preferable and that the question of license or no license should be left to the munici palities immediately concerned. Now, while we have a kind of local option law in Minnesota it is appli cable only to townships and villages. There is no provisions in it whereby the many small cities in the state can submit the question of license to the votes of the people. Only cities have option in this matter which have pro vided for it in their home rule charters. Mr. Johnson's bill pro vides for extending the privilege of local option to all cities of the fourth class. That the temperance com mittee of the house this year is not greatly unlike the temperance com mittee of other years is indicated by the fact that it reported this moderate and reasonable measure for indefinite postponement. A minority of the com mittee favored its passage, and so re ported. Mr. Johnson appealed to the house to have the bill advanced to general orders, and that there is some prospect of its passage is indi cated by the vote of 80 to 34 in favor of his motion. County option has had its day in the senate. It was a cold day. County option was defeated by a vote of 37 to 24. it was not an easy matter to infuse life into an issue which, so far as the present legis lature is concerned, is already as dead as a doornail. Naturally the senators on neither side rould be ex pected to be at their best. Neverthe less the debate was scarcely of less interest than the debate in the house, and, as far as the case against county option is concerned, the argument was Contlnaed on Page 4 Economy In Feeding. One of the most important problems of the farmer is to feed his animals economically. He must provide the nutrients the animals need, and must supply these needs with feeds that are palatable. As a rale, farm-grown feeds, with the exception of alfalfa and clover, are lacking in protein that is, there is not a large enough proportion of protein to carbohy drates to form a balanced ration. If one is feeding fodder corn, timothy or slough hay as a main part of the roughage, he must make up the shortage in protein by grain feeds containing a relatively large propor tion of protein. The grain feeds commonly used for this purpose are bran, middlings and oil meal. These feeds must be purchased, and as a rule they cost more per pound of nutrients contained than do such farm feeds as corn or barley. If one can so arrange his farm operation that at least half of the roughage fed will be either clover or afalfa hay, the protein provided in the roughage will be sufficient to enable him to use farm-grown feeds, as corn or barley, for the main por tion of the grain ration. Clover can be grown more cheaply than timothy or fodder corn. Hence, it is the part of wisdom to make every effort to have clover for at least a portion of the roughage. Careful feeding exneriments show that when feeds are fed in a balanced ration the digestible nutrients con tained in grain feeds are worth about as follows: carbohydrates, lc per pound fat, 2c per pound protein, 4c per pound. Comparing feeds on this basis, when bran is worth $20 per ton, we find that corn is worth $22.66 per ton. Bran can now be purchased at about $20 per ton, while on the farm corn is worth at present about $15 per ton. Thus, if we use corn, we get over $22 worth of feed for $15 while if we use bran, we get $20 worth of feed for $20. This makes plain the advantage of feeding as large a pro portion of corn as is consistent with the requirements of the animal. Feeding experiments have shown also that the nutrients in well-cured roughage are about 60 per cent as valuable as nutrients in grain. On this basis, when bran is worth $20 per ton, clove? hay is worth $8.88 per ton. As it costs but $3.59 to produce a ton of clover hay on the average farm, it is seen that 40c will produce as much food value in clover hay as can be purchased in bran for $1. These facts indicate the value of mak ing the ration as largely of corn and clover hay as possible. Shoots Wife and Suicides Christian Gillert, aged 63, of Ox ford, Isanti county, on Wednesday of last week, shot and wounded his wife, Christine, in the ear and right hand, and later shot himself in the right breast, dying instantly. Gillert ap proached his wife with the remark, "Now you must die." and seized her by the neck, at the same time shooting off a portion of her right ear. She grabbed him by the arm and he shot again, the bullet hitting her in the hand. Both wounds are slight. She broke away and ran to the Webber store, a mile and a half away, and the sheriff was summoned. Proposed Creamery for Anoka. The business men of Anoka and the farmers living in that vicinity are talking of organizing a co-operative creamery association. If the plan materializes they will find it one of the most beneficial establishments the town ever had. Princeton has a splendid co-operative creamery and it was established through the efforts of the commercial club, which raised a sum of money to give the concern a boost. This action has never been regretted, and the farmers who hold stock in the concern are well satisfied with the returns. To Members of Company You are hereby notified that, owing to the transfer of Captain Ca'ey to the regimental staff, an election to fill the vacancy caused by such transfer and others that may result therefrom will be held at the armory in Prince ton on Monday, February 27, at 8 p. m. Captain Caley will preside. Ser vice uniform will be worn and a supper will be served after the elec tion. All members of Company are requested to be there. Ernest H. Sellhorn, First Lieutenant in Command. Should Have Read, "Brooches The late Melville de Lancey Landon "Eli Perkins"kept in his library at Yonkers a scrap-book of typo graphical errors. Perhaps the most striking of these errors was a sentence from the society column of a fashion able New York paper: "The fair and blushing bridesmaids wore very handsome breeches., the gift of the bridegroom." PRINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1911. TWO LAIDJO REST William J. Thoma, Who Died at Bit- lings, Brought to Princetotf on Saturday for Burial. Remains of William A. Dorr, a For- mer Resident of Princeton, are Interred at Oak knoll. On Saturday, February 18, the re mains of William J. Thoma, accom panied by his brother, John, and his wife and three children, arrived here from Billings, Montana, where he died suddenly on February 14 from heart disease at the age of 45 years. Funeral services were conducted at the home of deceased's mother, Mrs. Pauline Thoma, in the town of Prince ton, last Sunday afternoon by Rev. Otto Strauch and the interment was in the German Lutheran cemetery. The obsequies were largely attended and thfe floral offerings from friends at Bilfings and Princeton were many. Will|am J. Thoma was born on February 16, 1866, near Osseo, Minn. He lived there until 1894, when, with three of his brothers, he moved onto a farm in the town of Princeton. He was married on February 6, 1897, to Miss Emma Heitman. About three years ago he and his wife and family moved to Minneapolis, where they lived two years, and then went to Montana to reside. He is survived by his wife, three children, mother, five brothers and two sisters. The brothers and sisters are John, August and Herman, Princeton: Gustave, Spencer Brook George, Minneapolis Mrs. Chas. Lefavor and Louisa Thoma, Princeton. Mr. Thoma was a kind husband and father and a man much respected in the community where he resided. W. A. Dorr. The remains of William A. Dorr, who died in Minneapolis on February 15, were accompanied to this place on Thursday evening by Jay N. Rogers and George D. Rogers, grandsons of the deceased. The local Masonic lodge had charge of the funeral and services were held at its hall upon the following day. Th^MasQnic ritaaUstie^ ceremonies weVe used both in the hall and at the grave. Mrs. H. C. Cooney, Mrs. Ira G. Stanley and Grover and Charles Umbehocker rendered vocal selections and Mrs. B. Soule was the accom panist. Mr. Dorr was the last of the charter members of the Princeton lodge, which was brgamzed in 1872. A Near-Disaster Miss Mary Snyder had a narrow escape from marrying the wrong man at the church of the Immaculate Con ception in Hibbing. Mary had agreed to marry George Plese and George se cured a license, but in his ignorance concerning the way such things are done in this country he gave the best man's name instead of his own, and when the banns were published in church Matt Minerich was announced as the bridegroom instead of George Plese. This was startling news to Mary and George and also to Matt. The bride-elect and the best man im mediately came forward to find out what could be done about it. The affair created some excitement, but was soon straightened out to the satisfaction of all parties and George and Mary will be married in due season. Rare Musical Treat. There is a rare musical treat in store for us here next Monday. We will have with us at the opera house Hilda Hellstrom Gagnee from Stockholm, Sweden, the great interpreter of Swe dish folk songs and ditties, accom panied by the talented pianist, Miss Eva Ashworth, and the well known Duluth baritone singer, AnnarMyhre. This talented company will also pre sent a scene from the great folk play "Varmlandingarne," including four of the best songs of the play. Mile. Helltsrom Gagnee has appeared in Chicago, Boston, New York, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Duluth, and in each city she scored great success. Mile. Hellstrom Gagnee is perhaps the greatest interpreter of Swedish folk songs that has ever visited this country. Go and Do Likewise. Brethren Just as we were going to press lasl week a band of business men armed with shovels made an attack on the snow drifts which buried the walk along the street in front of the Bap tist church and, in almost as short a time as it takes to tell it, the walk was made clear. The act is much appre ciatd by the traveling publicCam bridge North Star. Census Figures Unreliable An advance statement issued yester day by the director of the national census, based upon an official count, gives the population of the small cities and villages of the United States. In the list the population of Princeton village is set down as 1,555, whereas the state census of 1905 gives it 1,704, denoting a decrease of 149. Instead of decreasing in population in the past five years Princeton has gained, and it is believed that the number of residents in this village would aggregate something like 2,000. A decrease is also shown in Milaca village from 1,319 in 1905 to 1,102 in 1910, and in Foreston village from 212 to 204. AT NORTHWESTERN HOSPITAL. Mrs. Ole Olson of Orrock was oper ated upon for chronic appendicitis on Saturday and is doing nicely. P. J. Haggberg is at the hospital suffering from gangrene in the right foot which will necessitate amputation of the member or a portion thereof. Mr. Haggberg is 76 years old. Olaf Nystrom was brought to the hospital on Friday from Louis Wicen's camp at Ski bo suffering from blood poison caused by an axe cut on knee joint. Furs and Bran "You can clean furs at home," said a furrier. "It is a simple, easy oper ation. The only apparatus you need is a little bran. Sable, chinchilla, squirrel, fox, muskrat, mink, beaver, martin, etc., are cleaned with hot bran. You warm the bran without burning itif it is burnt it stains the furand then you rub it into the fur for half an hour. Afterwards brush it out thoroughly and the fur is soft and clean and lustrous. This advice," the furrier concluded philosophically, "ought to save many a woman a ten dollar bill." Will Meet With Approval. A. P. Yngve has been appointed court commissioner by Judge A. E. Giddings. T. C. Blomgren was elected at the last general election but he refused to qualify and the office was declared vacant. Mr. Yngve's appointment will meet with general approval throughuot the county. Cambridge Independent. Mr. Yngve can be depended upon to faiihfully perform his duties. Washington-Lincoln Entertainment At the high school assembly hall on Friday afternoon the birthday anni versaries of those noble patriots, Washington and Lincoln, were ap propriately observed. The program published in last week's Union was carried out to the letter and every number was well executed. Electric DisplayDon't Miss It On Friday, in the Davis sample room on First street, the village will have an electric display. Motors will then be in operation showing how electricity may be applied to washing and sewing machines, flat irons, etc. Supt. Randall will explain the opera tion of the motors to the the public. STATE NEWS George Bunn of the Ramsey county district court has been ap pointed successor to the late Justice Edwin A. Jaggard as a justice of the state supreme court. A movement has been started to convert several lots near the court house at Slayton into a public park and name it after the late state treas urer, Clarence Dinehart, as a memorial. Low-lived scoundrels have been poisoning dogs in Park Rapids and Mayor Taber has offered a reward for the arrest and conviction of any per son found putting out poison within the corporate limits. A pair of Carlton county newly weds have set the pace for a profitable, if not romantic, honeymoon. Instead of taking a trip, they have enrolled as students in the state agricultural college and will take a six weeks' course before settling down to life on the farm. This is a good way to start farming. At a special term of district court called by Judge Morrison at Glencoe to consider the confession of Joseph Herzan that he killed Mrs. Joseph Fiman at the Fiman farm house near Silver Lake on the night of December 4, Herzan was indicted, pleaded guilty and was sentenced to imprisonment for life. #org Bardwell, 77 years old, an old soldier, was burned to death in his shack at Bemidji on Monday, It was at first thought Bardwell was not in the building, but as soon as the firemen were able to enter they found him lying on the bed, which indicated that he had been sleeping. His left leg was burned off and his body was badly burned. He had lived in Be- VOLUME XXXT. NO. 9 midji fifteen years. He was a mem ber of R. H. Carr post, No. 174, G. A. R. George Hanson, aged about 26 years, was found dead in the rear of his drug store at Bemidji on Tuesday. Death was due to his having taken, poison and no cause has as yet been given for his action. His business is said to be in good shape. He went to Bemidji two years ago from Minne apolis and was married last summer to a Litchfield girl. He was an Elk. The Minneosta Editorial association at its meeting in St. Paul last week elected the following officers, Presi dent, S. Y. Gordon, the Tribune, Brown's Valley first vice president, F. E. Hadley, the Enterprise, Winne bago second vice president, W. F. Mahler, the Advance, Springfield third vice president, R. P. Chase, the Herald, Anoka secretary, C. Stine, St. Paul treasurer, D. Ramaley, St. Paul, and an executive committee consisting of C. C. Whit ney, the News Messenger, Marshall F. J. Meyst, the Northwestern News paper Union, Minneapolis, and W. E. Easton, the Gazette, Stillwater. Mr. and Mrs. A. R. Lathrop of Minocqua, Wis., are here on a visit to Mrs. Geo. Neely and Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Stone of Baldwin. Rev. Lundquist, Mr. and Mrs. John Setterstrom, Chas. Olson and Rev. Johnson of Dalbo left on Tues day to attend a Swedish Lutheran conference at Stillwater. Erick Strandquist of Ogilvie brought three wolf skins to the county auditor's office for bounty on Tues day and one of the hides was almost as large as that of a Jerusalem don key. Friends of Fred Newton to the num ber of 38 surprised him by calling at his home in a body on Saturday even ing. An old-fashioned card party re sulted from the visit and a royal time was passed. H. B. Pratt was here on Saturday from Elk lake. He says that some fellows were arrested by Gamewarden Indrehus last week for fishing with tip-ups. It seems that they were fish ing for the market and making good money. Louis Sol berg has purchased a part of the Princeton hotelwhich was not damaged much by the recent fireand will move the building onto bis lots across the track. L. N. Berg bought the remainder and is offering it for sale. The Lake Breeze says that the cutting of timber, stave bolts, pulp wood, fencing poles, railroad ties and firewood in the vicinity of Onamia this winter has furnished employment for all who desired to engage in such work. Last week Mrs. Christ Anderson of Elk River, aged 43 years, dropped dead at the Anoka depot while pur chasing a ticket for her home. She visited Anoka for the purpose of con sulting a doctor., Heart disease caused her death. Mr. and Mrs. John Foster of Mon ticello were visiting Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Schmidt in Germany over Sun day. Mr. Foster lived in Princeton many years ago and this was the first time he had been back since the Great Northern railway was built through this village. Mr. O'King, clerk of court, is a great lover of dogs, but has never been able to obtain one that exactly strikes his fancy. Any one possessing a dog with blue eyes, blue black coat, fox tail and a nose for yellow-legged chickens would probably be able to sell it at a good price to the aforesaid. Some outside promoters have been trying to get the farmers of Milaca interested in a scheme to run a co operative store of their own. They had better make careful investigation of the projectnot pay out money for stock unless they are fully satisfied, that such a store would prove bene ficial to them. Not much is heard of the coming village election, which takes place on March 14, but there is every indica tion that at least two tickets will be placed in the field. The present coun cil has given the village a thorough businss administrationevery member has worked for the welfare of the community. Werner Olson, while erossing the ice on the Rum river at Cambridge last week with a load of potatoes, sudden ly found his horses and wagon resting on the bottom in the mud. The water being low no great damage was sus tained. The bridge at Cambridge was being repaired and this necessitated crossing on the ice. 'IS* -i