Since Taft Came In It Has Been
In Session PracticallyAll of the
TimeThis One May Last Till
By JAMES A EDGER.TON.
HE extra session has the center
of the stage. Taft called it,
but not even he can call it off.
From the elaborate program
^outlined it is liable to sit until Septem
ber. There are so many sessions now
'and they come so close together that
fwe must change the popular refrain of
"congress is at it again" to "congress
lis at it still."
When Champ Clark was inaugurated
speaker Democrats came from all the
(land to witness the unusual event.
'Bryan was there and Harmon, and
(both got ovations. There were Demo
crats from Maine, Democrats from
Texa and Democrats even from Penn
sylvania. It was the first time they
[had beheld a like joyful ceremony in
eighteen years. As the governor of
[North Carolina might have remarked
ito the governor of South Carolina, "It
is a long time between Democratic
President Taft confined his recom
imendations to congress to the single
jsubjeet of Canadian reciprocity, but
Speaker Champ went him two or three
better by insisting on reduction of the
tariff, direct election of United States
senators and economy in government
expenditures. Then there will be the
matter of statehood, congressional re
apportionment and publicity of cam
paign finances before election, to say
nothing of inquiring into that little
jaunt of the United States army into
One thing that sticks out all over the
Washington situation is that both sides
are playing presidential politics. Ev
ery move made in the game now will
have a 1912 objective. Lurking in the
iRepublican background is the ques
jtion, "Will it be Taft or La Follette?"
On the Democratic side the inquiry em
braces three, "Will it be Harmon or
Wilson or Champ Clark?" Bryan sup
ports Clark, it is said, has a most fav
orable opinion of Wilson, but is unal
terably opposed to Harmon. A Re
publican wag in Washington at the
opening of congress put this one across,
"No one can be nominated that Bryan
does not indorse, and no one can be
elected that Bryan does indorse."
There are some prominent personages
,Who would be happier if they really
How Bryan Blanketed Harmon.
One of the humors of the beginning
of 'the session was the manner in which
Governor Harmon blew into Washing
ton at the psychological moment to
look after a case in the supreme court,
he explained, and at the same time
Bryan happened along for no apparent
reason at all. The coming of Harmon
had a natural tendency to promote his
boom, and that of Bryan had the op
posite effect of blanketing it. The ac
cidents of politics make an interesting
Senator James A. O'Gorman of New
York caught the eye of the crowd on
his first appearance in Washington.
Americans are always keen for the
newest thing, and O'Gorman was just
then the newest senator. Another fact
which added to the zest of the progres
sives was the discovery that O'Gorman
had been originally a labor lawyer,
was a candidate of the old United La
bor party for a New York judgeship
and was connected at one time with
the Anti-trust league. Indications are
that he has not entirely recovered from
his early leanings, as he has declared
himself for practically every progres
sive policy likely to come before con
Senator James E. Martino of New
Jersey does not wholly escape the spot
light, one reason being that he owed
his election to the backing of Woodrow
Wilson. Martine is a Bryan Demo
crat, who has been defeated for near
ly every office in New Jersey only to
land the biggest job of all. As an ob
ject lesson in perseverance he has all
the other "try, try again" boys looking
like rank quitters.
Another of the Bryan Family.
Nathan P. Bryan, the new senator
from Florida, is a progressive Demo
crat. He is an older brother of the Wil
liam J. Bryan who was elected sena
tor from Florida several years ago and
died a few months after taking his
seat. In last fall's primaries former
Governor Broward defeated Senator
[Taliaferro, but Broward died shortly
afterward, and a new primary was or
dered. In this Taliaferro refused to
be a candidate, and W. A. Blount was
regarded as the probable winner until
Bryan entered the race and easily beat
him. The name of Bryan gets the
votes in Florida.
One of the most recently elected sen
ators is Henry L. Myers of Montana.
Myers is the man who once walked to
the speaker's desk in the Montana leg
islature and laid down a wad of mon
ey that he said had been paid him to
vote for W.
rA. Clark for senator. He
then kept after Clark, although the
machine fought back and made life
uncomfortable for Myers. Notwith
standing this he became a district
ijudge, in which capacity he !was serv
ing when elected to the senate. He is
known in Montana as a radical Demo
crat and is evidently a fighter.
Another senator who broke a dead
lock is Luke Lea of Tennessee, who
Is another progressive Democrat. Lea
ESS IS AT IT STILL"
A Bunch of Democratic House
LeadersSome of the New
SenatorsAverage of Whisk
is only thirty-two years old, but has al
ready made and unmade a governor
of Tennessee, helped elect another and
has torn a political machine to pieces.
Likewise he is the owner of a daily
newspaper and is over six feet in
height. He may be the "baby of the
senate," but is no political or physical
infant. Lea is not the man who hit
Billy Patterson, but the one who hit
Governor Patterson, and hit him al
As to the leadership of the upper
house, it promises to be not a man, but
a "steering committee." Aldrich's job
as "general manager of the United
States" is vacant. There are several
reasons why nobody can aspire to the
place, the chief one being that the in
surgents now have the balance of pow
er and won't let him. Up to date the
senate progressives are having it all
their own way. They asked for one
fourth of the committee assignments
belonging to the Republicans, and the
regulars are giving them more than
one-fourth. There is some class in
being an insurgent now.
Leaders and leaders.
Among the old guard the most prom
ising looking leader is Penrose of Penn
sylvania. Penrose has been the man
aging director of his state for many
years and evidently aspires to bigger
things. It is the insurgents again who
stand in the way. They do not like
Penrose any more than they did AJ
drich. For one thing, the Pennsylva
nia man once said some rather raspy
things of Senator La Follette which
do not especially help now that there
are a round dozen of Republican sen
ators working with La Follette.
Uncle Shelby M. Cullom of Illinois
is the chairman of the majority caucus,
which gives him in a way a position
of leadership but, being nearly eighty
two years old, he will probably leave
the active direction of affairs to young
er men. Gallinger of New Hampshire
and Murray Crane of Massachusetts, to
say nothing of Lodge and Root, will
also doubtless do a little plain and
fancy leadingthat is, if they can get
enough followers to make it seem real.
On the Democratic side things are at
sixes and sevens. The influx of pro
gressive Democrats has left Bailey and
his faction more lonesome than before.
The party standing in the senate is
fifty Republicans to forty-one Demo
crats, with one vacancy from Colorado,
which will be filled by a Democrat if
the legislature can ever make up its
mind what particular Democrat it
wants. Of the fifty Republicans thir
teen are progressives and four more
are "near" progressives. When the
Iowa legislature chooses a successor
to Dolliver there will be an addition
to the thirteen.
The house, however, is the main tent
where the animals perform. It is the
house that starts the tariff bills on
their way, likewise reciprocity, appro
priations and other kinds of trouble.
At present the body is composed of
228 Democrats, 60 Republicans and
1 Socialist. There are two vacan
cies and doubtless several blanks. The
dear public always draws a few blanks
and sometimes more than that. Speak
ing of the public, just saw one really
funny thing in the New York Sun, al
though the humor was unintentional.
It had been written "that fickle jade,
the public," but the compositor made
it "that fickle jake, the public."
A Few Cherokee Strippers.
The "Cherokee strip" has been shift
ed to the Republican side. In drawing
lots for seats several of the big Demo
crats were among those left to the dis
card, or, rather, to the overflow. These
had to seek seats in the "strip." Among
the number were four members of the
ways and means committee, Ollie
James, Kitchin of North Carolina,
Hughes of New Jersey and Harrison of
New York. Other Cherokee strippers
were Sulzer, Burleson, Littleton and
Lloyd, the chairman of the Democratic
Outside of Champ Clark and the
ways and means committee some of
the really big Democrats in the house
are Robert L. Henry of Texas, chair
man of the rules committee John J.
Fitzgerald of New York, chairman of
appropriations Henry D. Clayton of
Alabama, chairman of judiciary Arsene
P. Pujo of Louisiana, chairman of
banking and currency William Ad
amson of Georgia, chairman of inter
state and foreign commerce Stephen
M. Sparkman of Florida, chairman of
rivers and harbors, and William Sulzer
of New York, chairman of foreign af
The Unhappy Kid Congressman.
Among the "kid" congressmen on the
Democratic side is Martin W. Little
ton, who was elected from Roosevelt's
district in New York. Those who know
Littleton say he will speedily go to the
The average kid congressman has a
worse time, however, than a freshman
at college. Burleson the other day saw
one standing in the aisle in all his new
blown dignity, also in a frock coat.
"Posing for the gallery?" mildly in
quired the Texan. The kid made in-
dignant denial. "Then why are you
reading that letter upside down?" mer
cilessly pursued Burleson. The kid
blushed, made one or two inarticulate
sounds and fled.
The Republican delegation from
Greater New York recently called at
the White House in a body. There
are seventeen representatives from the
metropolis, and in the last congress
seven of these were Republicans. There
fore when William M. Calder saunter
ed in alone the president looked pained
and surprised. "Where are the oth-
ers?" he said. "There are no others,"
replied Calder. "I am the Republican
delegation from Greater New York."
The Republican floor leader, James
R. Mann, is the hardest working legis
lator and talker in the house. There
is scarcely a bill up concerning which
Mann does not have something to say.
If he knows anything about the meas
ure he tells what he knows. If not he
asks questions. He has a high pitched
voice that is some raspy at times and
that voice is never long silent. Mann's
favorite pose is that of leaning against
his desk or throwing one leg over a
corner of it. He gesticulates with one
finger or a lead pencil. He is a dan
gerous antagonist, for he deals with
facts and knows parliamentary law.
And he is always on the job.
Altogether it should prove a momen
tous session. What will it do? Who
knows? Here is a guess, however: It
will pass Canadian reciprocity, reduce
the wool, cotton and some other sched
ules of the tariff, pass an amendment
for direct election of senators, reap
portion the house, admit New Mexico
and Arizona, cut down, expenditures
and provide for campaign publicity be
fore elections. Likewise it will talk.
THE PBIlSrCETOy T^IOST THURSDAY, APR IT 13, 1911.
A APPT.1 0 -101-1
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