Newspaper Page Text
THE PRINCETON^ UNION
BY R. C. DUNN. Published Every Thursday. TERMSSl.oo PER YEAR IN ADVANCE. S1.25 I NOT PAID IN ADVANCE. OFFICE: FIQST ST.. EAST OF COURT HOUSE. G. I. STAPLES, Business Manager. THOS. H. PROWSE, Editor. Now, if we could only get the recall to work in the case of that scoundrel, Lorimer. From a story published in the Pio neer Press one would imply that for color effect the towels at the soldiers' home have those in average country printing offices beaten to a frazzle. Another revision of the bible is contemplated. The bible is all right as it is. With a few more revisions and expurgations but very little of the original scriptures will remain. A French viscount says that Ameri ca has no "real" money. We note, however, that fellows of his ilk jump at it with avidity when American heiresses proffer it in exchange for titles. If there is any truth in the con fession of Ortie McManigal it is evi dent that members of the black hand and anarchist organizations are not the only villains responsible for dyna mite outrages in this country. Men who wear whiskers should at once communicate with the state ento mologist. A newly-discovered pest threatens the spinach crop and the state "insecfcarian" will furnish a formula for a solution that will ex terminate it. The city council of Little Falls has decided to resurrect the curfew ordi nance and enforce its provisions. Were parents to do their dutytrain up their children in the way they should goa resort to such measure would be unnecessary. A woman named Catherine Grimes died at Albany, N. Y., and left an estate of $17,000. The cost of adminis tering the estate, including attorneys' fees and funeral expenses, aggregated $13,000- It is presumed that the lawyers overlooked the residue. A gigantic conern to be known as "The People's Trust" has been or ganized in New York city. "The people" have always professed to be opposed to trusts, but when it comes down to facts "the people" are mere ly envious cf the fellows who hold stock in them. Woodrow Wilson, governor of New Jersey, will make a tour of the middle west to ascertain whether the people would take kindly to his nomination for president of the United States. Woodrow would find himself in a hard row of stumps were he nominated he'd never get out of the woods. England has completed her first aeiial dreadnaught. It is an immense dirigible 511 feet long with a bullet proof exterior. And now, it is said, Maxim will hasten to invent a pro jectile to perforate it. These things tend to show that the universal peace movement is fast gaining ground' Kaiser Wjlhelm's wrath is much stirred up because three shots were fired over his yacht while he was cruising off the port of Corfu. Anar chists are of course held to blame for the shock to the kaiser's nerves, but were the truth known it would prob ably be found that Greeks bearing gifts had taken this means of attract ing the emperor's attention. Mon arch's live in continual fear of assas sins and it doesn't take much to throw a scare into them. A bill is pending before the Massa chusetts legislature which, if it be comes a law and is taken advantage of, will do away with fights in the courts over the legality of wills. This bill provides that a person who makes a will may go before a probate judge and have the instrument proved and recorded, giving notice before hand to all interested of his intention to so do, and having the question of his mental ability passed upon. In case of death such probate court rec ord would settle all questions which might arise as to the disposition of testator's property. The measurers seemingly a good one. I Indiana courts are beginning to fine the drinkers who are found in the saloons on Sunday, as well as fining the saloonkeepers. Action of that kind will do more to bgeak up viola tion of the law than anything else. Cass Lake Times. A revocation of the saloonkeepers' licenses and a term behind prison bars would prove much more effica cious. King George's wife has issued a pronunciamento through the lord chamberlain that she will hereafter refuse to receive women attired in hobble skirts or other close-fitting garments. The reason attributed is that persons so attired cannot proper ly courtesy before her majesty. And, we presume, the queen doesn't want to run the risk of accidents which might at any time result should ladies wearing such garments attempt to bend forward sufficiently to make the regu lation courtesy. Governor Eberhart has accepted an invitation to impersonate the lord mayor of London at the May fete of the university students. If there is anyone who knows how to imper sonate a dignitary it is Governor Eberhart. But when leading the pro cession, seated on a black charger and wearing a Henry VIII hat and knee breeches, he should not permit that bunch of bowlegged, mismatched ir regulars, known as his staff, to tag along behind. To do so would be to make a laughing stock of the whole proceeding. If it is possible for the late Ignatius Donnelly to look upon this mundane sphere he must view with much satis faction the explorations of an Ameri can crank named Owen, who is digging in the mud of the river Wye at Chepstow, England, for Lord Bacon's manuscripts. Owen is posi tive they are there and that they are packed in iron boxes. He declares that Bacon in his published works, designates by means of a cipher their exact location, and by another cipher avows that he wrote the works attributed to Shakespere. "What fools these mortals be." The measure introduced in the na tional house" of representatives by Mr. Hayes of California, which pro vides for the exclusion of all Asiatics from the United States, is being ex tensively discussed by the press of the country. Some papers maintain that the bill is a direct drive at Japan, which has fulfilled its implied engagement to prevent emigration of its subjects to this country, while others contend that all Asiatics should be treated alikethat it is un fair to admit Japanese and exclude Chinese and other Asiatics. We in cline strongly to the latter contention there should be no discrimination. Asiatics are all tarred with the same stickthey are undesirables. An assurance has been received that the government will grant the state of Minnesota $25,000 for secur ing topographic maps of drainage lands, and hydrographic charts and data which will show the power pos sibility of streams of the state at all times of the year. This, added to the sum which the last state legislature authorized for the same purpose, will amount to a total of $50,000. Of this $30,000 will be used for measur ing water powers and $20,000 for mak ing maps of drainage areas. For ref erence purposes these maps and charts will prove of great value, and Engineer Ralph, who was instru mental in securing the government appropriation, is entitled to credit. Russia is having trouble with its hoboes and has asked the state de partment at Washington how we treat tramps in this country. For the bene fit of the Russian government we would say that we treat our tramps with every respect, hand them out ham sandwiches and pies and let them sleep in our barns. Railroad com panies give them free transporation and the police in the towns which they visit very seldom molest them. We permit them to hold annual conven tions in our large citiesthe last one was held at Milwaukee, where the mayor welcomed and banqueted them. We never expect them to perform any sort of labor. These are a few pointers which the Russian govern ment would do well to follow in its efforts to.solve the tramp problem. 5 7"^- J****** -J THE THIRTY-SEVENTH SESSION. Hardly a newspaper in the skate has a kind word to say of the thirty seventh session of the Minnesota leg islature. Most of the country weeklies, taking their cue from some of the city dailies, denounce the legis lators in unmeasured terms. Is this indiscriminate abuse justified by the facts? I unhesitatingly answer no. While the members, especially those of the house, were betimes contentious and unruly, yet on the whole both branches of the legislature were com posed of honest, earnest men, actu ated by the highest motives, anxious to enact legislation that would prove beneficial to the best interests of the state. That the aspirations of the well-meaning members were only par tially realized is due to a combina tion of circumstances to a certain ex tent unpreventable. Nevertheless, much good legislation was enacted, while several meritorious measures failed to pass either one or both bodies. The issues which gave rise to the most acrimonious debates were reapportionment, rum and, incidental ly, railroad rate legislation. These were the rocks upon which the legis lature split and went to pieces. Re apportionment was the main bone of contention in the senate, while rum was the cause of nine-tenths of all the trouble in the house. There never was a legislature freer from the charge of undue influence than the thirty-seventh, and that fact was widely commented on by intelli gent and impartial observers. True, it is charged, that certain interests had expended considerable money in electing members of both branches who would oppose the enactment of any radical temperance legislation. As to the truth or falsity of these charges I canont say. But I do be lieve thac not a dollar was expended by any individual or interest to pro mote or defeat legislation after the leg islature had convened. THE PRINCETON XJKIOK: THURSDAY, MAY 4, 1911. The trouble in the house commenced with the election of a speaker. There were three candidates prominently mentioned at the startH. H. Dunn of Albert Lea, J. A. A. Burnquist of St. Paal and Lewis C. Spooner of Morris. All three were able me,nP My preference was Mr. ISpooner. But Mr. Spooner withdrew ^rom thesubterfuge, race several weeks before th session convened and espoused the cause of H. H. Dunn. Mr. Dunn, during the campaign, had repeatedly ideclared himself in favor of reappoijtionment based on population as provided by the constitution, and for thac reason his candidacy for the speakership found favor in northern Minnesota and in the twin cities. Althbugh he was opposed to county optioiji he had pledged himself to appoint a, temper ance committee that would promptly report out any county option bill that might be referred to it without amend ment, and to favor practical reme dial temperance legislation. The county optionists had a majority of the republican members of the house, but many of the temperance members from southern Minnesota, Hennepin county and the eighth district voted for Mr. Dunn, and he was chosen speaker. The radical temperance members, however, opposed him, and it was their constant aim to embarrass him all through the session. He re deemed every pledge he had made with reference to county option and reapportionment, and he, himself, prepared and had introduced several remedial temperance measures. A fairer presiding officer never occupied the speaker's chair than H. H. Dunn sometimes he was so fair as to even disregard the rules of the house to favor the minority. But despite his eminent fairness the radical element never missed an opportunity to make trouble for him. At times had it not been for the support accorded him by the democratic members the business of the house would have been serious ly impeded and he would have been forced to resign the speakership. The Klemer incident proves the truth of this assertion. On numerous occa sions Mr. Dunn had complained to his friends of the unjust railroad rate discrimination against his hdme town of Albert Lea, and in fact all, or nearly all, of the southeastern towns of Minnesota. Officials of the southern roads bad promised him that the gross inequalities would be rem edied, but after the five per cent gross-earnings bill had been over whelmingly defeated in the house the railroad officials ignored their promises. Mr. Dunn was justly in censed. In the meantime the Cash man distance tariff bill had been de feated in the senate and Judge San born had rendered his decision against the state on the railroad rate cases. At the instigation of Mr. Dunn, Representative Crane of Mower county re-introduced the Cashman bill in the house, and Mr. Dunn left the chair and made an impassioned and telling speech in behalf of the bill. But despite all its shortcomings, I repeat, the last legislature will average up well with its predecessors. Much good legislation was enacted. How many of the carping critics of the legislature have taken the trouble to examine, even glance over, the 23 pages of laws enacted? Let me call attention to a few of the laws placed upon the statute books at the recent sessiou: Chap. 8, which provides for the purchase of timothy, clover and redtop to reseed settlers' lands burned over by the forest fires in northern Minnesota last fall chap. 9, which provides for the suppression of forest and prairie fires and makes it the duty of railroad companies to exer cise due precautions to prevent the spread of fires along their tracks chap. 12, which provides money to loan school districtSj towns and counties at a low rate of interest chap. 28, which prevents drunkenness on railroad trains chap. 29, which provides for the licensing of transient merchants chap. 43, which provides for the regulation of the price of school text books chap. 52, which authorizes the state board of "invest ment to cancel outstanding indebted ness of the state and provide more money to loan the municipalities of the state at a low rate of interest chap. 82, which provides for more manual training, agricultural and domestic economy schools chap. 83, minors and other forbidden persons forest preservation laws ever enacted Through his efforts the bill passed come to Mille Lacs county chap. 280, the house by a close vote. All of the section 2, which provides $75,000 an- cifcy members and every member from nually for county fairs, more than the eighth congressional district, save twice as much as was ever before Mr. C. H. Warner of Aitkin, had appropriated, and means that each strenuously opposed the bill. Natur- society will receive about $1,200 an- ally enough when the six-senators bill nually hereafter from the state to pay the bill was amended in the house to out in premiums to exhibitors chap. limit any county to seven senators came in from the senate Mr. Dunn on money and credits chap. 287, favored it and much ill feeling was which compels people offering special engendered. Many of those who had inducements to the public or to pros- been the speaker's staunch supporters pective purchasers or customers to turned against him. I did not favor make good their promises by paying either the Cashman bill or the seven- senators bill, for the Cashman bill, offered in cash when demanded chap, had it become a law, would have in- 298, which provides for the indetermi- juriously affected local interests, and the seven-senators bill is unjust to the large cities and wrong in principle. But I do not blame Mr. Dunn for the course he pursued. The people of his section of the state have just griev ances against the railroads, griev ances that eventually must and will be remedied^ While a better state of feeling pre vailed in the senate there was con siderable friction in that body also, especially over reapportionment. I never for a moment believed that the senators would pass an apportion ment bill based on population and legislate themselves out of office at the expiration of half the term for which they were elected. It is useless to discuss the question. The southern part of the state, more especially the first and third districts, is grossly over-represented in the law-making bodies. There is no excuse or justifi cation for a failure to reapportion the state on the basis of population as the constitution clearly provides. The seven-senators bill is a mere and I believe the fair minded voters of the state will reject it by an overwhelming majority at the polls. Two years hence an aroused public sentiment will force the enact ment of an equitable reapportionment law. sub-experiment and demonstration farms at Duluth and Waseca chap. 192, which authorizes railroad cor porations to carry road material free or at reduced rates chap. 209, an up to-date inheritance tax law that will bring hundreds of thousands of dol lars into the state treasury chap. 256, which prevents tampering with elec tion ballots chap. 200, which pro vides for the licensing of itinerant physicians chap. 265, item 22, sec. 36, which provides the sum of $94,700 for deficiency in fighting forest fires, a considerable amount of which will 285, which provides for a uniform tax a certain amount of the inducement nate sentence of persons convicted of crime, a law that will meet the apto proval of all enlightened penologists chap. 302, which provides that places like Princeton, Anoka and Brainerd, where militia companies are or ganized, can secure armories mainly at the cost of the state chap. 352, which provides that village recorders instead of village treasurers shall make and publish annual financial statementsthis will save each vil lage in the state from making two financial statements annually chap. 381, which provides for the election of officers and the management of the state faira law that was sadly needed chap. 387, which abolishes capital punishment chap. 388, which provides for the election of United States senators by a direct vote of the people and last but by no means least chap. 33, which appropriates $150,000 annually to be placed at the disposal of the State Highway Com mission to be expended in employing engineers to supervise and direct the construction and improvement of roads in every county of the state, and also provides for an annual tax levy of one-fourth of a mill which will produce a state road and bridge fund of $300,000 annually also chap. 390, which provides for the submission of a constitutional amendment which if adopted will enable the next legis lature to levy a one-mill tax for road and bridge purposes, which means that hereafter the State Highway Commission will have a fund of at least $1,200,000 at its disposal to ex pend in the construction and im provement of roads and bridges throughout the state, or an average of about $15,000 to each county, and this amendment is framed in the in terest of the small counties of the state and will not oblige counties of small valuation to put up dollar for dollar against the state's appropria tion. These are only a few of the many beneficial laws enacted at the last session. Scores of others equal ly as important and beneficial might be mentioned. Locally, chap. 375, which provides that counties may issue bonds to fund floating indebtedness, has already been taken advantage of by Mille Lacs county. The county commis sioners have applied to the state for a loan of $34,000 to run 20 yWs at four per cent, and the loan has already been acted upon and granted. County warrants bear six per cent interest, thus the county will save two per cent on interest charges, or an aggre gate of $680 per year. Chapter 353, which provides that village recorders shall make the an nual financial statement, means that each and every village in the state (one of Speaker Dunn's bills), which will save from ten to thirty dollars makes it a gross misdemeanor to sell per year and secure the publication or give away intoxicating liquor to of a statement that will show the exact financial condition of each village. chap. 123, which provides for monthly Heretofore village treasurers were re- sales of school lands in the northern quired to make the annual statement counties chap. 125, one of the best and all the report showed was theyoungest amount received by the treasurer and and which appropriates $75,000 for its the amount paid out by him. In enforcement chap. 131, which pro- order to show the exaot financial con- hibits the sale of malt liquors save in dition of the village the recorder was licensed saloons chap. 142, which obliged to make a supplemental re- provides for the establishment of port at an extra expense to each vil- lage. Chaps. 353 and 375, were bills I introduced in the house, and they passed the senate the last hour of the last night of the session. A concurrent resolution, drafted by myself, passed both branches unani mously requesting the State Highway Commission to apportion next year to Mille Lacs and other counties that failed to draw their share of the so called "pork barrel" road appropri ation of 1907 the amount that they ought to have received. Under this resolution Mille Lacs will get $4,200. I also succeded in getting through an appropriation of $300 for Henry Olsen, a member of Company of Prince ton who was injured at the Lake City encampment last year. It has been charged that the session was the most expensive in the history of the state, that it cost $10,000 more than the previous session. It must be remembered that several important and costly investigations were con ducted, and the expense of several contested elections was heavy. Heretofore it had been the custom to rent desks and other furniture at the last session several thousand dol lars' worth of furniture was purchased and is the property of the state. This furniture will be used for many years come and there will be no rent to pay on it. The session in reality was no more expensive than any of the previous sessions. If one-tenth of the applicants for places had been provided for the expenses would have been much higher, and yet many of those who clamored for places for themselves or their friends are loudest in denouncing the legislature for its extravagance. Of course, I was deeply disappointed at the failure of certain bills to pass, notably the county assessor bill and several other important tax measures, and I especially regret the defeat in the senate of my bill prohibiting county commissioners from issuing liquor licenses save in hamlets of 100 or more population. I have no regret or excuse to offer for any measure, motion or resolu tion I espoused or opposed during the 37th session of the Minnesota legislature. R. c. D. The state board of control has been notified by the governor that formal charges must be preferred against F. A. Whittier, superintendent of the Red Wing training school, and a full hear ing had. If innocent, says the governor, Whittier should be vindi cated and, if guilty, he should be re moved without delay. This is of course only fair to Mr. Whittier, but, as the legislative investigating com mittee failed to bring any formal charges against him, the] board of control is in a quandary as to its procedure in the matter. If it follows the governor's instructions it will have to prefer charges of its own. Mr. Whittier should at least be given a square deal. An exchange protests because Jo seph Cannon was allowed four hours in which to speak on the reciprocity bill while Representative Anderson. James Tawney's successor, was given but two minutes. From a compari son of the capabilities of the two men, we should think that Anderson was allotted all the time he was entitled to while Cannon should have been given a couple of hours more. Ed Darragh Rewarded. Ed Darragh, to whom the following excerpt from the St. Paul Dispatch applies, is a brother of Dr. Darragh, osteopath, of Princeton: Ewdard J. Darragh, once prominent in St. Paul democratic circles and elected cor poration attorney in 1895, has, been appointed first assistant prosecuting attorney of Chicago for a term of four years. In the recent campaign "Ed" Darragh, as he was known locally, was always one of the best spell binders in the city. Whether he was performing before the "clampers" of the fifth ward or in the "solid ninth," he always held the crowd. It is said that he was one of the most effective speakers on Carter Harrison's staff. In 1894 Darragh was democratic nomi nee for congress from the fourth con gressional district, being then the man ever nominated in the United States for that office. He went down in the general republican victory of that year. Farm Loans If your farm is for sale at reason able price list it with Robt. H. King and he will find a buyer.