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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, May 11, 1911, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016758/1911-05-11/ed-1/seq-2/

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The Miners' Side.
The striking miners, on the other
hand, say that for many years every
wagon of coal they have filled has
been unfairly measured by the com
pany officials and that they have had
to work twelve hours a day instead of
the desired eight hours. They say they
have been obliged to patronize the
companies' high priced stores and that
they have been discharged by mine
foremen because they refused to vote
a certain political ticket.
They say they were forced to bear
the cost of the new explosives and of
the safety lamps which the companies
have prescribed in the mines during
the last two years. They say that they
held a grievance meeting in Greens
burg fourteen months ago to protest
against these costly prescriptions and
that a score of the men who had par
ticipated in this meeting were dis
charged by the coal companies. They
say that they felt that the only way
to protect themselves from continued
oppression from the companies was to
insist on the companies recognizing
their newly organized union.
The companies, on their side, retort
that the miners' objections to the new
explosive and safety lamps are mere
pretenses and that the miners were
all perfectly contented until delegates
of the United Mine Workers of Amer
ica came from the Indianapolis head
quarters and began to talk unionism
in the region.
Since the 15,000 miners formally
struck in March, 1910. and marched
from one mine to another in the dis
trict calling to their fellows to strike,
too, there have been bloodshed and
misery a-plenty throughout the Greens
burg district.
120 Babies Die.
Scores of strikers, deputy sheriffs
and strike breakers have been beaten,
stoned and shot. Out of the 349 ba
bies that have been born in the tem
porary homes of the miners since the
strike began 120 have died. The min
s themselves, having been dispos
sessed from the drab colored rows of
wooden houses rented to them by the
oal companies near the mines before
the beginning of the strike, have built
a colony of wooden shacks.
These shacks, according to persons
who recently visited them, are not
even weather proof They are built
from whatever loose lumber the min
ers were able to pick up through the
district. Throughout the bitterest
days of the past winter they were
Government Forbids Its UseSaid to
Disturb Digestion.
All persons having a desire for
something sweet must find other
means of satisfying the craving than
saccharin. That popular substitute
for sugar will be forbidden after July
1. The fiat of the agricultural de
partment prohibiting the use of sac
charin in any food product has gone
Saccharin tecnically is a product of
coal tar. It is used as a substitute
for sugar and is 300 per cent sweeter
than sugar. The objection to saccha
rin is that it is a disturber of diges
The decision is of the most sweep
ing nature. It directly affects more
than thirty different classes of food,
including soft drinks, sweet pickles,
jellies, jams and also some makes of
The referee board of consulting sci
entific- experts in its report says:
"The continued use of saccharin for
a long time in quantities oyer three
tenths of a grain per day is liable to
impair digestion. The addition of
saccharin as a substitute for cane
sugar or other forms of sugar reduces
the food value of the sweetened prod
uct and hence lowers its quality."
Ooo odo-
Miners and Operatives at Ten Thousand Men Are
Loggerheads For Four- Living on an Allowance
teen Months
E strike the Westmoreland
county coal miners, which
unbroken after four
teen months, has lasted longer
than any other strike in the history
of labor unionism in this country.
Over 10,000 miners, living on an al
lowance of $2.50 a week collected
through fifty cent assessments from
every union miner in this country and
forwarded from the headquarters of
the United Mine Workers of America
in Indianapolis, have been eking out
an existence amid the greatest vicissi
tudes within a stone's throw of twen
ty-eight of the richest coal mines in
this country without having swung a
pickax or lifted a shovel for over a
As for the owners of the twenty
eight mines, they publicly made the
statement not long ago:
"We pay the state of Pennsylvania
$100,000 a year in taxes, yet we
haven't mined a ton of coal for over a
The mine owners in explaining their
refusal to arbitrate the strike or to
consent to the strikers' terms say that
they are "merely trying to manage our
own business in our own way without
interference from the labor unions."
of $2.50 a Week
heated with pans of such coal as the
miners could pick up near the mine
entrances and along the roads.
Following this winter of shack life
there are many tales of suffering, of
children born in open fields, of fami
lies that lived fireless through fierce
storms of snow. According to the
mine owners, the strike would never
have begun but for the mine workers'
national organization, and both sides
agree that but for the contributions
of the national organization the strike
would have been broken long ago.
$20,000 Distributed Weekly.
Every week since the strike started
$20,000 has been sent to Greensburg
from the mine workers' national head
quarters at Indianapolis, the money
being deposited in the shape of a
check in a Greensburg bank.
It is drawn out in specie and green
backs by a man named McCartney,
who represents the national organiza
tion in the striking district. It is car
ried by him to the second floor of a
deserted private residence in a Greens
burg side street, which is occupied by
the strikers as a local headquarters
and which has paper instead of panes
of glass in its windows. Once a week
across a kitchen table while a line of
almost 1,000 men, women and children
file by him he pushes a bill or a hand
ful of silver across to each in turn
$2.50 to each man, 75 cents to each
woman and 50 cents to each child in
every striking miner's family. Every
mine worker in this country, it is
said, is being taxed 50 cents a week to
make up this weekly $20,000 contribu
tion to the Greensburg strikers.
According to a recent visitor to the
strike gripped region, about ten per
sons have been killed and nearly 100
wounded in the course of the four
teen months' strike.
The striking miners say that all they
want is to arbitrate with the mine
owners. They set much store on the
fact that Governor Tener of Pennsyl
vania stated publicly recently that he
was greatly in favor of a congression
al or legislative investigation of the
disagreement of the miners and em
ployers. A bill making possible a con
gressional investigation has already
passed the house of representatives
and is betore the senate.
Arbitration Desired.
What the strikers would particularly
like, according to their representatives,
is the creation of an arbitration com
mission of three. One member of this
commission would be chosen by the
strikers, the other by the mine owners
and the third either by the first two
commissioners or, if these could not
agree, by Governor Tener himself.
A few weeks ago in a pouring rain
the striking miners of Greensburg had
a big procession celebrating the strike's
fourteenth month of unbroken continu
ance. Fifteen hundred men, 100 wo
men and 150 children marched in the
ranks. Two wealthy and philanthrop
ic women and two clergymen of wide
ly different creeds led the procession
and afterward joined in making
speeches to the strikers in the town's
cramped and crowded public hall.
One of the women was Mrs. Glen
dower Evans of the Woman's Trade
league of Boston. She is the wife of a
stockholder in one of the mines in
which the strike is going on. The
other woman was the wife of a polit
ical officeholder in Pittsburg.
One of the two clergymen was the
Rev. D. L. Schultz, who last August
resigned his position as pastor of the
Loraine Street Baptist church of Pitts
burg in order to work among the
strikers. The second clergyman who
headed the strikers was Rabbi R. I.
Coffee of the Tree of Life synagogue
of Pittsburg
It Yielded Oil and Something Else,
Ambergris Worth $60,000.
In a vault at the headquarters of a
wholesale drug firm in Boston are about
100 pounds of ambergris. It is valued
at $60,000, according to experts.
Trade quotations give the present
market value of ambergris at from $10
to $15 an ounce. The 100 pound pack
age is by far the largest amount of am
bergris received in Boston or New Eng
land in many years and is said to be
of uncommonly high quality. It was
picked up by the crews of the bark
Bertha, Captain Ben Vera, and the
brig Viola, Captain John A. Cook, who
found it while whaling off the coast
of Africa in December.
The crews of the Bertha and Viola
were pursuing sperm whales when
the lookouts sighted several spouting
in the sunlight. One fellow about thir
ty feet long lagged behind the others.
He was sluggish, and it happened that
the harpoons which simultaneously
pierced his sides came from small
boats from both ships. That's why
the crews are dividing the spoils.
The laggard yielded only fifteen bar
rels of oil, but the grumbling of the
whalers was dispelled by the huge
black lump of ambergris taken from
Their Cook Quit Her Job and a
Maid Became III
Reasons For Rejecting the Gem Are
Given by the McLeans, Who Are Be
ing Sued For $180,000, the Alleged
Purchase Price.
When the Hope diamond, the famous
blue gem which has left a trail of mis
fortune behind it ever since it was dis
covered, was purchased recently by
liidward B. McLean, son of John R.
McLean of Washington, from the Car
tiers of New York and Paris, Mr. Mc
Lean caused to be inserted in the pur
chasing contract a clause to the effect
that if any ill luck should befall any
of the McLean family within six
months after the date of purchase the
transaction was to be invalidated.
Well, the ill luck fell with a des
perate thud within two months after
he became the owner of the gem, Mr.
McLean now alleges. It is his defense
in a suit which has been opened by
the Cartiers to recover the $180,000
with which he agreed tentatively to
part in exchange for the stone.
Mr. McLean declares in his defense
that the gem hardly had a chance to
twinkle a few twinks in his home
when one of the maids fell ill, and
this fact was still disturbing the equa
nimity of the household when the cook,
who Mr. McLean believed ranked as
an important factor in his home, wrap
ped her duds in her best Irish linen
handkerchiefs and announced that she
would be "afther l'avin' th' job."
Mr. McLean immediately shook his
fist at the Hope diamond, charged it
with making the maid ill and driving
the cook out of the house and told the
Cartiers it had broken its contract and
that they had better come and take it
Now, the Cartiers wouldn't do any
such thing, although not denying that
the illness of the maid and the seces
sion of the cook were calamitous.
What they contended was that neither
the maid nor the cook was a member
of the McLean family. Mr. McLean
tells woefully of the indigestion that
has come to him with a new cook and
declares the maid and the cook who
left are the rooftree and the hearth
stone and the front door bell of the
entire establishment.
Mrs. McLean, who was Miss Evelyn
Walsh, takes the same view as her
husband and quite a few other per
sons as to the pernicious influence that
goes with the Hope diamond, and she
doesn't want it around the house.
Rev. George E. Cady Says Make Cre
mation Within Reach of Poor.
The wearing of black at funerals,
expense of flowers, the luxury of being
cremated and the cost of caskets were
all commented upon before the Uni
tarian Ministers' association by the
Rev. George E. Cady of the Pilgrim
Congregational church, Dorchester,
Mass., in an address on the high cost
of living.
'The wearing of black at funerals
is a sign of despair, not of a Christian
home," said Dr. Cady. "If death ends
all, why, then, let us wear black.
"As to the cost of modern funerals,
we must set against the extravagance.
The early Christian church knew noth
ing of this luxury that we see today
in the modern funeral."
After describing how much it costs
and how much the average undertaker
gets, figures showing the enormous
profit in the business, Dr. Cady sug
gested the supervision of the under
taking business under municipal con
"Make cremation within the reach of
the poor," said Dr. Cady.
Woman Would Have Government Help
Widows Who Have Young Children.
Widows with children of school age
or under should be pensioned by the
government, and when the children are
of age they should be made to pay a
certain amount toward the mother's
maintenance, in the opinion of Mrs.
Frederick L. Mahn, secretary of the
Fathers and Mothers' club of Boston.
She says:
"When a child is between eight and
fourteen years of age he needs the
most careful attention. Character is
in the formative stage. The mother is
constantly needed then.
"The average woman who loses her
husband will struggle earnestly to keep
her family together. Physical and
mental weakness induced by such ef
fort too often results in lamentable
failure, and the mother becomes a
"The government can supply a rem
edy for such conditions."
Korea's Population.
Figures recently published by the
Japanese ministry of finance give the
population of Korea as 12,363,400 na
tives, 143,046 Japanese and 11,791 for
eigners. There is plenty of room for
very many more people, as the country
is 600 miles long by 135 miles broad.
Its parallels are about the same as
from Concord, N. H., to Wilmington,
N. C.
t-u.ii li mmumtu
A private institution which combines all the
advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital
with the quiet and comfort of a refined and
elegant home. Modern in every respect No
insane, contagious or other objectionable cases
received Kates are as low as the most effi
cient treatment and the best trained nursing
will permit.
H. C. COONEY, M. D.,
fledical Director,
FLORENCE JOHNSTON. Superintendent.
Violin Lessons I
.1. Terms Reasonable $
Inquire at Ewing's Music Store or at
Supt. Marshall's Residence
The illustration repre
sents one of six tests
contained in our free book,
Ten Tears of Wear In Ten
Minute Tests." With the infor
mation this book contains, you
can solve the roofing problem.
Your dealer will gladly give you
a copy.
Get the book and samples of
Use the tests and put it up to
the roofing to make goodup
to Vulcanite to show quality and
prove worth.
For sixty years Vulcanite Roof
ing has been made good enough
to make good. Today it is its own
best salesman and its high quality
speaks for itself.
Go to your dealer and get the
book and samples.
PatentVulcaniteRoofing Go.
Chicago. 111.
Evens Hdw Co.
Tbelr Unceasing Work Keeps Us Strong
and Healthy.
All the blood in the body passes
through the kidneys once every three
minutes. The kidneys filter the blood.
They work night and day. When
healthy they remove about 500 grains
of impure matter daily, when un
healthy some part of this impure
matter is left in the blood. This
brings on many diseases and symp
tomspain in the baok, headache,
nervousness, hot, dry skin, rheuma
tism, gout, gravel, disorders of the
eyesight and hearing, dizziness, ir
regular heart, debility, drowsiness,
dopsy, deposits in the urine, etc. But
if you keep the filters right you will
have no trouble with your kidneys.
Thomas Post, Main St., Princeton,
Minn., says: "My back was very
lame and I was annoyed by a too fre
quent desire to pass the kidney secre
tions. Doan's Kidney Pills gave me
relief from these symptoms of kidney
complaint and greatly strengthened
my back. I feel justified in recom
mending this remedy in view of the
benefit it has brought me."
For sale by all dealers or upon re
ceipt of price, 50 cents. Poster-Mil
burn Co., Buffalo, New York, sole
agents for the United States.
Remember the nameDoan's and
take no other.
Farm Loans.
If your farm is for sale at reason
able price list it with Robt. H. King
and he will find a buyer.
A General Banking
ness Transacted.
Loans Made on
Farm Mortgages,
Insurance, Collections.
Farm Loans
First National Bank
of Princeton, Minnesota.
Paid up Capital, $30,000
Interest Paid on Time De
Foreign and Domestic Ex
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission
or by the day.
Princeton State Bank
Capital $20,000
Vo Banking Business
Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
I Security State Bank
Princeton, Minnesota
Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000
JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier
I Farm Lands Farm Loans
ricMillan & Stanley
Successors to
Princeton, Minnesota
We Handle the Great Northern Railway Co. Lands
SE It costs no more to have a smooth floor 3
gE than it does to be bothered with a cheap 3
g: splintery affair that needs repairing all 3
the time. It will pay you to examine our 3
Clear Birch, No. 1 Hard Maple and Quarterns
Sawed Western Fir Flooring for Porches 3
sE and Outside Cellar Doors. ~s
We have a large and select stock on
hand. Our prices are reasonable and
our service prompt. "We also carry a
correctly graded stock of everything
else in lumber
The Princeton Boot and Shoe Man
Farm Lands 1
|pmmmmmmmmmmm?mmmmmmmmmmmmK I Have a Good Floor!
GEO. A. COATES, Jlanager 3
The Shoe Bill is Big Enough
VTfHEN the money is as wisely spent as
it possibly could be it takes enough
money, goodness knows, to shoe the house
hold without wasting any experimenting, be
cause you are experimenting unless you are
dealing in certainties. Yes, there are such
things as shoe certainties. We can show
them to you any day. You are wise if you
deal in shoe certainties, and to do that you
have but to make a practice of coming here
for all your needs in footwear.
Yours truly,
Solomon Long

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