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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, June 15, 1911, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016758/1911-06-15/ed-1/seq-2/

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When Belgium and Switzer
land Massed Troops on
Their Borders
trouble which lately vexed our Mexi
can border. Violation of territory is
no new occurrence in American rec
ords, nor has it been rare in the re
cent history of other powers of the
civilized world.
The dispatching of troops to the bor
der by order of the president, for ex
ample, is paralleled by the action taken
by Belgium and Switzerland in 1870
and 1871, when France and Germany
were at war. The bullets in that war
did not fly off into neutral territory
in any great number. None the less
some of the most murderous battles of
the Franco-Prussian war were fought
within sight and hearing of neutral
ground. At Sedan, after a severe con
flict, the Germans captured the French
emperor and 80,000 of his troops with
in ten miles of the Belgian line. On
this occasion the number of French
soldiers to escape into the protection
of neutrality was exceedingly small.
There were recriminations, however,
on both sides. The Germans com
plained that the French fugitives
should have been more rigorously
treated in Belgium to prevent their
coming back to France to rejoin the
combatants. The French insisted that
German brigades had marched rough
shod over neutral ground to encircle
the French position. Belgium, fearing
to anger either of her important neigh
bors and anxious to maintain the in
tegrity of her boundaries, was placed
in a very trying position.
The result was the calling out of
Belgian troops similar to that which
has just been witnessed. In January,
1871, when Germans and French clash
ed at Amiens and at Bapaume, in dan
gerous proximity to the edge of the
French dominions on the northeast,
Belgium concentrated an army of 13,-
000 men opposite the exposed bit of
boundary. There were no violations
of territory. Great numbers of French
men escaped into Belgium. All
came were disarmed and interned to
await the termination of hostilities be
fore they could go back.
Swit2erland's Predicament.
A similar predicament to that of
Belgium faced Switzerland in Janu
ary, 1871. The French troops in the
east of the invaded state were driven
back against the Swiss frontier. The
Swiss confederation feared that the
French might be tempted to make
just such use of a Swiss refuge as re
treating insurrectos from Mexico have
made of their retreats on our side of
the boundary. All the available force
of the Swiss army was concentrated
to police the Swiss border. Sure
enough, on Feb. 1, 1871, there came
reeling over the line foot, horse and
artillery, in disorder, half dead with
cold and hardship, a French force of
80,000 men. The Swiss commander
insisted on their immediate disarma
ment. A convention was drawn up
between the French and Swiss gen
erals, and according to its provisions
the big confused army was disarmed
as rapidly as could be managed. The
80,000 soldiers remained in Switzer
land until the war was over and near
ly caused trouble between Switzerland
and France by interfering with the
-great peace festival held after the
war's conclusion by Germans in the
city where they happened to be quar
In many cases border troubles have
led to war between the states on whose
boundaries they started the blaze. The
border troubles with Texas led first to
our recognition of Texan independence
and then, in 1845, after an interval of
eight years, to our annexation of the
territory followed by the war with
Mexico. In the case of the Boer war,
the Jameson raid, which preceded it,
had many of the features of a border
raid hatched on supposedly friendly ter
Our Trouble With Canada.
In the case of the border troubles
between this country and Canada dur
ing the war of the rebellion the feel
ing of animosity engendered between
the states and the Dominion was so
bitter as to cause the raising of the
present tariff wall, which for more
than forty years has stood as a monu
ment to fortunately forgotten ill feel
ing. In the events of 1864 along our
northern border Canada's part was
much the same as that played by usfor
during the past few months' Mexican
trouble, as the innocent host of refu
gees and plotters, while we with the
civil war on our hands were in some
what the same relative situation as
Mexico with her insurrection is today.
The year 1864 saw two filibuster
ing expeditions set out from Canadian
territory to descend on our undefended
northern border. *As military forces
the expeditions of Young, the S 'Al-
lans raider, and Burley, the Lake Erie
invader, were puny. None the less
they caused a great deal of stir and un
easiness. Both raids were presumably
in the Confederate interests, although
it is hard to say what benefit they
could reasonably have been expected
with such exten
sive frontiers as ours has nat
urally experienced before this
very much the same sort of
The Trouble In Mexico Dur
ing Uprising Against
*p- ,v j^f. r* (yv Cfif'^,
Mexican Affair of 1865.
Within a year of the trouble with
Canada we were involved in difficul
along the Mexican border which
might well have led to war with
France. The recriminations that pass
ed at that time, toward the end of
1865, between the American com
manding officer at Brownsville, Tex.,
and the commander of the French
squadron off the mouth of the
Grande form perhaps the acutest
phase of the troubles over the French
occupation of Mexico. But as they
led to no serious clash other than the
clash of words they may afford some
amusement at this late day.
General Weitzel, in command at San
Antonio, was suspected of sympathiz
ing rather too strongly for prudence
with the insurrectos of the day who
were busy trying to overthrow the em
pire of Maximilian, the Austrian prince
placed by French arms on the throne
of Mexico. In November, 1865, the.pass
French naval commander, lying In the
gulf just off Brownsville, sent a letter
to Weitzel accusing him in exceeding
ly strong terms of furthering the Mex
ican rebel cause by helping ship men,
arms and munitions over the Rio
Grande. Weitzel, who -was rather
frank about his sympathies with the
insurrectos, treated the letter with
scorn and, in fact, returned it to the
writer with the answer that he would
pay no attention to it because It was
couched in disrespectful language. No
bombardment followed.
Fall of Maximilian.
In a few weeks, however, the Mexi
can commander of the troops of Maxi
milian posted along the border com
plained that a Mexican steamship
ascending the Rio Grande to Mata
moros had been fired upon from the
Texas bank. This complaint gave
Weitzel an opportunity for a more ex
tended statement of his views. There
was no satisfactory evidence, he re
plied, that the shots complained of had
been fired from the Texas side. He
had always endeavored to prevent vio
lations of neutrality by the officers and
men under his ommand. Apparently
he felt that his duty ceased there and
that others along the border were wel
come to do as they pleased. As re
garded his sympathies, he admitted
that they were with the insurrectos
and insisted on his privilege of sym
pathizing with whom he pleased. He
pointed out that French and British
naval officers had fraternized with the
Confederates at Norfolk and Newport
News and claimed a similar privilege
Juarez, the Mexican insurrecto lead
er during the period preceding the
withdrawal of the French force from
Mexico, made a sort of insurrecto re
treat of El Paso, on Texas territory,
and there enjoyed considerable secur
ity alike from American restraint and
from Mexican attack.
Maximilian's government was on the
defensive in the months that followed
and not ready to pick quarrels with
neighbors. After its fall and the
tablishment of the Diaz government
the border, save for an occasional over
night "revolution" directed on some
unsuspecting town south of the Rio
Grande, remained for many years a
quiet place.
i V'f??|fl^^^4'n|(1^War^|
ftVilliam Cullen Bryant Broke the News
Gently to His Mother.
The folio-wing letter from William
Cullen Bryant to his mother, quoted
by Professor Chubb in "Stories of Au
thors," indicates that the author of
"Thanatopsis" could enjoy his little
joke on occasion:
"Dear MotherI hasten to send you
(the melancholy intelligence of what
lias lately happened to me. Early on
the evening of the eleventh day of the
present month I was at a neighboring
house in this village. Several people
of both sexes were assembled in one
of the apartments, and three or four
others, with myself, were in another.
to do the Confederate cause. Young,
who with his band captured the little
town of S Albans, Vt, retired pre
cipitately with $50,000 worth of booty.
Burley's attempt was less noteworthy,
but he, too, escaped safely to Canada.
Lincoln Averted War.
When Young reached Canada on re
turning from his raid he was taken
before a Canadian justice, with his
companions. The justice discharged
the prisoners on the ground of lack of
jurisdiction, an error for which he was
afterward dismissed from the bench.
Stirred by the clamor in this country,
the Canadian authorities proceeded to
rearrest the raiders. But northerners
Were infuriated. Governor Dix issued
a proclamation taxing Canada with
improperly harboring enemies of the
United States. So warlike was the
tone of Governor Dlx's utterance that
war with Great Britain was looked
upon as possible. President Lincoln
took the pacific course of overruling
Dix, and the more acute phase of the
unpleasantness passed over.
Young and his companions were nev
er punished. The rest of the band
were released after the rearrest on
the ground of lack of evidence against
them. Young was released on bail,
awaiting further action. The termina
tion of the rebellion led to the quash
ing of the proceedings against him in
In the bitterness on both sides of
the border that followed the Young
episode it would no doubt have been
impossible for the Canadian govern
ment to punish him without incurring
the charge of giving in to American
compulsion. The occurrence had the
good effect of making the Canadians
call out several thousand militia to
police the border, and no further Con
federate raids from the north after
those of Young and Burley were car
ried out.
last came in a little elderly gentle
man, pale, thin, with a solemn counte
nance, pleuritic voice, hooked nose and
liollow eyes. It was not long before
(we were summoned to attend in the
apartment where he and the rest of
the company were gathered. We went
in and took our seats. The little eld
erly gentleman with the hook nose
prayed, and we all stood up. When
he had finished most of us sat down.
(The gentleman with the hooked nose
then muttered certain cabalistic ex
pressions, which I was too much
frightened to remember, but I recol
lect that at the conclusion I was given
to understand that I was married to a
young lady of the name of Frances
(Fairchild, whom I perceived standing
by my side and whom I hope in the
jcourse of a few months to have the
pleasure of introducing to you as your
which is a matter of
some interest to the poor girl, who has
neither father nor mother in the
A Tactful Head Waiter Balked an Of
fensive Hotel Guest.
To illustrate an incident that oc
curred in a hotel uptown the other
night, where, if you are not known,
you have to produce some sort of
patent of absolute respectability, con
struct a rectangle, lettering the imag
inary diagonal corners A, B, and D:
A represents a solitary male person
dining. represents a mely person
of the opposite sex seatec at another
(table with a party. represents a
head waiter and a group of the un
employed waiters. Let the line AB
represent an admiring look that travels
continuously. BA represents a look of
annoyance. CA and CB are compre
hending glances directed by the head
The point moves toward D, mak
ing a triangle. After a whispered di
rection a figure which may be termed
O, because it represents a particularly
rotund waiter, moves from the point
until it reaches a point on the'line AB.
moves back to position.
A finds that his ogle stops at O,
iwhich he cannot see through, and calls
O to take an order. Thereupon mo
tions toward D, when another waiter,
traveling on the line DA, effects a
with A and goes off at a tan
gent. A cranes his neck, stretching to
one side or the other, but it cannot get
past O. The result is that A finally
sees what is up, finishes his coffee in
sheepish disgust and leaves the room.
New York Sun.
Astrology With Risks.
Formerly they had rough and ready
modes of testing claims to supernatu
ral powers.
"Dost thou know where thou wilt
Christmas?" asked Henry VII. of
an astrologer. He could not tell.
Whereupon the king's grace, which
did love a merry jest made answer,
"Then I am wiser than thou, for I
know that thou wilt spend Christmas
in prison."
John Galeazzo, duke of Milan, is said
to have made even merrier at the ex
pense of an astrologer who foretold
him that he would die early.
"And how long do you expect to
live?' he inquired of the prophet.
"My lord, my star promises me a
long life."
"Never trust to your star, man yoa
are to be banged today," and the duke
took care that his own prediction
should be fulfilled.
Killing On Fly.
Every fly begins as an egg deposited
in some kind of organic filth. It
hatches into a tiny maggot within a
few hours, begins to feed and grow,
completes its growth and comes out as
a perfect fly in possibly ten days. It
then requires at least fourteen days to
mature its first batch of eggs, and it
may live to mature and deposit at least
flhc layings, of from 120 to 150 eggs
each. This means that in killing one
Iflywe-may be preventing the hatching
jof nearly a thousand others.Youth's
Two Kinds of Curiosity.
Philanthropic Visitor (to jailbird)
My friend, may I ask what it was
jthat brought, you here? JailbirdThe
Tery same thing that brought you here
the desire to poke my nose into other
.people's business, only I used gener
ally to go in by way of the basement
Miss MugleyI always try to retire
before midnight. I don't like to miss
my-beauty sleep. Miss PeppreyYra
really should try harder. You cer
tainly don't get enough of it
Two Sides.
.WillisWhy don't you go to church?
far. Why don't you go?
jWillteWe live next door to one, and I
hate to get all dressed up just to go
that little way.Puck.
By the work one knows-tbe work
men.Ita Fontaine.
w?^,^ '^fe
'^Kpf* t* ^"JW V?' ff '^r i '^i^ *1
A private Institution which combines all the
advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital
with the quiet and comfort of a refined and
elegant home. Modern in every respect. No
insane, contagious or other objectionable cases
received. Rates are as low as the most effi
cient treatment and the best trained nursing
will permit.
iledical Director,
FLORENCE H. JOHNSTON. Superintendent.
The First National Bank
At Princeton, in the State of Minnesota, at the
close of business June 7, 1911.
Loans and discounts $192 564 03
U. S. bonds to secure circulation.... 30,000 00
Banking house, furniture and fixtures 5,000 00
Due from national banks (not re
serveagents) 7,661.25
Due from approved reserve agents.. 29,658.36
Checks and other cash items 668.69
Fractional paper currency, mc'iieis
and cents 5 79
Lawful money reserve in bank, viz
Specie..... 514,784 15
Legal-tender notes. 430 00
15 214 15
Redemption fund with U. S. treas
urer (5 per cent of circulation) 1,500.00
Total $282,272.27
Capital^stock paid in $30,000 00
Undivided profits, less expenses
and taxes paid 1,977 50
National bank notes outstanding'".' 3o'o00'bo
Individual deposits subject to check 139 912 49
Time certificates of deposit 72 839 89
Cashier's checks outstanding l|54s!39
Total $282 272 27
County of Mille Lacs. I
I, Jno. F. Petterson. cashier of the above
named bank, do solemnly swear that the above
statement is true to the best of my knowledge
and belief.
JN O. F. PETTERSO N, Cashier.
T H. CALE T. -Directors.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 10th
day of June, 1911.
Notary Public, Minnesota.
My commission expires October 21,1915
Princeton State Bank,
of Princeton, Minn.
at the close of business on June 7, 1911. Date
of call by Supt. June 7. 1911. Date of report bv
bank June 10. 1911.
Loans and discounts $49,437.76
Banking house, furniture and fixtures &.000 00
Due from banks S3.745 92
Cheeks and cash items 925.41
Cash on hand, items below, 941 76
Currency $741.00
Gold 15.OO
Silver 185.76
Total cash assets $5,613- 09 $5,613.09
Total $61,050.85
Capital stock $20,000.00
Surplus fund 1 277 07
Undivided profits, net 1,654 48
Bills payable, including certificates
for money borrowed..... 3 000 00
Deposits subject to check 85,331.25
Cashier's checks 95.00
Total immediate liabilities $5,426.25
Time certificates 29,693.05
Total deposits $35,119.30 35,119.30
Total $61,050.85
County of Mille Lacs.
We, J. E. Skahen, president, and J. J. Skahen,
cashier of the above named bank, do solemnly
swear that the above statement is true to the
best of our knowledge and belief.
J. SKAHEN, President. JE.S KAHE N, Cashier
Correct P. E. SKAHEN
Attest: 1 J. J. SKAH EN Sectors.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 10th
day of June, 1911.
Notary Public.
My commission expires Jan. 10,3915.
Soo State Bank
of Wahkon, Minnesota
at close of business on June 7, 1911. Date of
call by Supt. June 7, 1011. Date of report bv
bank June 12,1911.
Loans and discounts $38,857.80
Banking house, furniture and fixtures 2,000.00
Due from banks $4,217 72
Cash on hand 1,276.90
Total cash assets $5,494.62 $5,494.62
Total $46,352.42
Capital stock $15,000.00
Surplus fund 230.00
Undivided profits net. 147.09
Deposit subject to check... $30,055.07
Total immediate liabilities $20,055.07
Time certificates 10,920.26
Total deposits $30,975.33 $30,975.33
Total $46,352.42
County of Mille Lacs.
We, Charles Keith, president, and Frank
Morneau, cashier, of the above named bank, do
solemnly swear that the above statement is
true to the best of our knowledge and belief.
Correct E. K. EVEN S. I T.,
Attest 1 S. S. PETTERSO N.
Subscribed and sworn to me this 12th day of
June, 1911.
rSeal.] M. MORNEAU. Notary Public.
My commission expires Feb. 8,1917.
I Toar Land for Sale?
We are beginning to receive in
quiries from prospective purchasers
and expect to bring in a number of
land buyers the coming season. If
you wish to sell list with us at once.
McMillan & Stanley,
Successors to M. S. Rutherford &
Co., Princeton, Minn. 7-tf
First National Bank
of Princeton, Minnesota.
Paid up Capital, $30,000
A General Banking Busi
ness Transacted.
Loans Made on Approved
Interest Paid on Time De
Foreign and Domestic Ex
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission
or by the day.
Princeton State Bank
Capital $20,000
Ooct a G*nra.l
Banking Business
Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
Farm Mortgages, SKAHEN,
Insurance, Collections. Cashier.
Security State Bank
Princeton, Minnesota
Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000
JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier
Farm Lands Farm Loans
ricMillan & Stanley
Successors to
The Princeton Boot and Shoe Man
Princeton, Minnesota
We Handle the Great Northern Railway Co. Lands
Farm Loans Farm Lands I
I 1'^^
jHave a Good Floor]
5~ It costs no more to have a smooth floor 3
than it does to be bothered with a cheap 3
g: splintery affair that needs repairing all 3
the time. It will pay you to examine our 3
E Clear Birch, No. 1 Hard Maple and Quarters
gr Sawed Western Fir Flooring for Porches 3
and Outside Cellar Doors. 3
We have a large and select stock on 3
Sr hand. Our prices are reasonable and 3
g: our service prompt. We also carry a 3
gr correctly graded stock of everything 3
g~ else in lumber 3
QEO. A. COATES, ilanager 3
The Shoe Bill is Big Enough
\^7HEN the money is as wisely spent as
it possibly could be it takes enough
money, goodness knows, to shoe the house
hold without wasting any experimenting, be
cause you are experimenting unless you are
dealing in certainties. Yes, there are such
things as shoe certainties. We can show
them to you any day. You are wise if you
deal in shoe certainties, and to do that you
have but to make a practice of coming here
for all your needs in footwear.
Yours truly,
Solomon Long

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