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AGAINSTJ E ISIS
Jim Tawney Concisely Sets Forth His Views on the Initiative and Referendum and Recall. If Adopted No Self-Respecting, Com- petent Man Could be Induced to Accept Public Office. Before the bankers' convention at Bemidji last week ex-Congressman Tawney delivered an interesting talk on the initiative and referendum and recallissues that are advocated by demagogues everywhere. A few ex tracts from Mr. Tawney's talk are given herewith: "The initiative and referendum means that, on the petition of a cer tain percentage of the legal voters of the state, legislation may be enacted or legislation proposed in the form of bills and passed by the legisla ture must be referred to the people for their approval by vote, before they become law. The recall, as pro posed by our last legislature, would mean that upon the petition of a small percentage of the popular vote any elective officer, whether executive, administrative, legislative or judicial, may be recalled, and the people would then be required to determine by bal lot whether he or someone else should oe elected for the remainder of his term. 'These reforms are fundamental, and if once adopted as a part of our system of government cannot be changed or repealed by an act of the legislature. The very permanency of these proposed changes, if made, is in itself sufficient to prompt the most careful investigation and study of their merits and to cause the people to think for themselves before passing judgment upon them. "The fundamental principle of our government, as in all representative governments, is that the majority should rule, and not the minority. So careful were the people in adopt ing our state government to guard against the enactment of legislation by less than a majority that they ex pressly provided in their constitution that no law should be enacted except by the affirmative vote of a majority of each house of the legislature. "That minoirty rule obtains almost exclusively in every country where the initiative and referendum is in force, let me cite the experience of the people of Switzerland." Here Mr. Tawney read a personal and unofficial letter from Hon. Lauritz S. Swenson of Minneapolis, now minister to Christiana, and for merly minister at Berne, who pointed out failures of the initiative and ref erendum in Switzerland. "Even if it were a success in Switzerland, it would not be, as Prof. Swenson says, any indication that it would be a success with us, because of the widely differing conditions, socially, politically and geograph ically," Mr. Tawuey continued. "If, then, we were to adopt the initiative and referendum logically, we should at the same time abolish the legislature entirely, as a useless, expensive and unnecessary piece of governmental machinery. For in that case the only function remaining for the legislature to perform would be to draft measures to be referred to the people for adoption or rejection. A board of five or seven, composed of expert legislative architects or drafts men, could perform all the legislature would then have to do, and no doubt perform it more efficiently and more satisfactorily to the people. We could then abolish the constitution, the bill of rights, and the veto power of their chief executive: for if the people abandon representative government by the adoption of the initiative and referendum, and them selves assume the exercise of all legis lative power, neither courts nor governors could question their enact ments. "The recall has been discussed re cently and quite extensively, especi ally in its application to judges, and is, therefore, better understood. Then, too, the people are gaining knowledge concerning the recall from experience. 'The right to petition for the recall of an officer cannot be restricted to those alone who are supposed to be qualified to determine the good from the bad official. If the right is granted, it must be to all alike to be exercised by any or all alike. Under this system it will be seen, therefore, that the misguided or malignant passions of an unimportant part of the community may accuse the most efficient elective officer and by the use of groundless charges or published misrepresentations, create suspicion and distrust where formerly public confidence and faith existed thus de priving the state of the services of an efficient and an upright executive officer or stainless judge. The recall is in the nature of a public indictment returned not upon evidence but upon the will or the caprice of those who frame and sign it, charging no offense, moral or legal presented to a court that is bound by no rules ex cept the rule of the majority where the defendant is denied all presump tions in his favor and where he can not answer any specific charge, for no specific charge is necessary to se cure his conviction. "How do the advocates of the recall expect to improve, or even secure efficiency in the public service, under that policy? What elective office is there to which there is attached suffi cient honor or salary, or both, to in duce a man with the knowledge, abili ty and character, the position de mands, to seek or even accept the office and thereby subject himself to the humiliation of the recall upon the groundless petition of a small per centage of those who may have op posed him for the place? If it is the purpose of the advocates of the recall to lower the standard of efficiency in the public service if they want men for public office not actuated by a high sense of public duty men whose sole ambition is to be in the spot light, or seek public office for the salary alone, they could not favor a law that would more completely ac complish their purpose than the re- call." Secretary Nagel Opposes the Recall In discussing the proposed Arizona constitution at the commencement exercises of Brown university at Prov idence. R. I., last week, Secretary Nagel, of the department of commerce and labor, said: "My apprehension is that the effect of the recall will be to discourage competent men, even more tnan now is the case, from consenting to serve the public. A majority of public officials are elected for terms so short that if they have any ambition for continued service, they are to all in tents and purposes subject to the re call now." "The initiative sounds plausible," he said, but he did not believe it nec essary. "The flood of suggestion for legislation constitutes nothing more or less than the effort to please spasmodic popular feeling, and if there is any weakness in representa tive bodies today it is their too ready response to superficial popular de- mand." Lightning's Pranks. This morning at 2:30 Carl Boyn's house was struck by lightning and a quantity of plastering was knocked from the wall. The bolt also splintered the box on a sewing ma chine. Mr. Boyn went downstairs at that time to close the front door and says the electric fluid appeared to enter the house between the laths and went out by way of the door, which was open. He received a slight shock but sustained no injury from the bolt. Early Tuesday morning, during a terrific electrical storm, lightning struck a telephone cable between Martin C. Brands' and Aug. Rines' residences and burned it completely in two. W. W. Fuller who saw the bolt strike, says it was the prettiest pyrotechnic display he ever witnessed the molten metal from the cable fell to the ground in a shower of vari colored sparks which threw rays of light in every direction. Martin Belsem's Father Dead A. T. Belsem one of the pioneers of Renville county and father of Martin Belsem of Princeton, died at Sacred Heart, Minn., on June 20, aged 77 years. Mr. Belsem came to America from Norway in the spring of 1866 and for a year lived in Iowa. He then went to Sacred Heart and con tinued to reside there until his death. He is survived by three sons, Martin of Princteon, John of Sacred Heart, and Andrew of Minneota. Verifying Assessors' Figures Town and village boards of review have this week been verifying the as sessors' fiures to prove that the crop of liars has not decreased in the land. Men who are considered fairly honest have not the least scruples against lying to the assessor even good church members do not hesitate to stretch the truth when placing a valu ation on their worldy possessions for taxation purposes. Speaks in High Praise of School. Professor Marshall, who is con ducting the summer school at Milaca, came down on Saturday and returned on Monday. He says the school is one of the best he has ever presided over and speaks in high praise of the instructors. The model class of the school, says Mr. Marshall, is a particularly fine feature. R. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms 1.00 Per Tear. PRINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, JUNE 29, 1911. THE SUMMER SCHOOL Training School for Teachers at Milaca Is Well Attended and is Mak- ing Splendid Progress. Agriculture and Model Work Two of the Features Which Are Re- ceiving fluch Attention. The summer training school for Mille Lacs and Kanabec counties now being held at Milaca is well under way and progressing splendidly. Superintendent Marshall of Princeton is in charge and, with an able corps of assistants, the school is of more than usual interest and efficiency. The curriculum comprises all studies necessary to obtain a first grade certificate, and these studies are so divided among the instructors that each has his or her specialties, making the course for the term one of the very best. Children from the Milaca schools are in daily attendance under the tutelage of Miss Jacobs of the Minne apolis schools and instructions are given in the first and second year primary work. The program is so arranged that teachers may devote a \ar of each day to observing the first-class model work that Miss Jacobs is engaged in. This alone is worth the time of any teacher who is engaged, or expects to be engaged, in primary or rural work. Agriculture is a strong feature of the school work, and this is conducted by Professor Mandeville of Mora. All pupils in his class are deeply in terested in this studya study which but a few years ago was not thought worthy of notice by educators. Professor Childs, an old warhorse in educational affairs, is teaching plane geometry and English gram mar, and he possesses the ability to elucidate his subjects so that all may readily understand them. Miss Fanning, who Is well known in this county, has history and reading as part of her work, and those who have permitted themselves to become rusty in these subjects find fresh in spiration under her method of brush ing up their ideas. Conductor Marshall has his hands full with his class work and other duties, but he is equal to the occasion and seems to enjoy the pressure. The enrollment is about "0 and more are expected next week. A board convention is planned for Friday, July 28, the last day of the term, and local talent has already been engaged for that day. State officials will also be in attendance. It is proposed to make that day the leading one of the term in educational matters and within a week or so a program will be published of the con templated proceedings. For the week beginning July 17 W. H. Tomhave and Miss Mary L. Bull of the state university farm will be added to the faculty and give instruc tion in agriculture and home eco nomics respectively. Sometime dur ing the session either Superintendent R. E. Denfield of Duluth or E. Quigley of the state university will visit the school. Playing Indian at Vlneland. Andrew Sjoblom and a party of real live sportsmen camped at A. P. Jorgenson's place on the shores of Mille Lacs lake from June 17 to 24 and, from reports brought down by a Chippewa Indian, they certainly had the time of their lives. In addition to Andrew Sjoblom the party consisted of Fred Holm, Princeton George Warwick and John Toften, St. Paul Andrew Anderson, Erick Nyquist, A. J. Anderson and E. Johnson, Two Harbors. The bunch arrived at Vineland on the afternoon of Saturday, June 17, Andrew Sjoblom and Fred Holm* going by automobile and the rest on the steamer Luella from Wahkon. There was a good deal of seasickness among the boys on the way up and one of them, John Toften of St. Paul, offered Captain Jensen $25 if he would put about and take him to shore. This the captain refused to do and Toften threatened to jump overboard, but some of the boys prevented him and he continued to relieve himself of his biliousness until the end of the voyage. A fine place was found near Mr. Jorgenson's to pitch a tent and the canvas was soon put in position. Then a foraging party consisting of Fred Holm, Andrew Anderson and Erick Nyquist was sent forth to skirmish for spring chickens. In about an hour they returned with a dozen and a half, but whether they bought them or merely appropriated them will perhaps never be known. At any rate they fried and ate them with a relish together with some dog fish which George Warwick caught from the dock. After supper someone proposed that they have a war dance, and war dance it was. They bought paint of various colors at the store and plastered it on their faces, stuck roosters'ieathers in their hats and, when the sun went down, commenced their terpsichorean stunt. Wash boilers and all sorts of tinwareborrowed from the store and ruinedwere used in the place of tom toms and pandemonium reigned su preme. The Indians, who have a settlement near, believing that a band of Sioux warriors had arrived, im mediately took their departure for Garrison, nine miles away. But the next day the reds returned, after sending forth a scout to report upon the situation. That night, by means of sundry bribes, the Indians were induced to pull off a ghost dance, in which the campers took part, and fawners for miles around came to see wbjat in thunder had happenedthe noise was so terrific that they couldn't sleep. Throughout the week the days were spent in fishing, swimming, feasting, etc., and the nights in weird and un canny dancesthe war dance, ghost dance, medicine dance and snake danceit was one continual round of pleasure. One afternoon Andrew Sjoblom, Fred Holm and Edward Johnson were on the lake in an old boat fish ing when the bottom of the craft sud denly dropped out. It was a big boat and they could keep afloat by hang ing onto the sides of it. They called for help but none came and they were getting mighty tired when Andrew Sjoblom volunteered to swim ashore. He managed to make it, but it was by the skin of his teeth, and when the bort arrived to take off Fred Holm and Edward Johnson they were on the verge of collapse. The Indian told of many other incidents but asked us in the name of all the spooks on Spirit island not to make them public. The boys would probably still be playing Indian up at Vineland had they not become too familiar with the Chippewas and permitted them to enter their tent whensoever they felt disponed. Hence the rheumatism med icine disappeared more rapidly than they expected. Death of Airs Kose Jesmer. Mrs. Rose Jesmer died at the home of her son-in-law, Sidney Jesmer, in this village at 10 o'clock on Tuesday evening, June 27. Death was caused by a complication of ailments super induced by Bright's disease. Mrs. Jesmer would have reached the age of 73 had she lived until August 3 of this year. Funeral services will be held at the Catholic church, Princeton, tomorrow morning at 10 o'clock and the inter ment will be in the Green bush Catho lic cemetery. Rev. Father Levings will conduct the services. Mrs. Jesmer was born in St. Lawrence county, New York, on August 3, 1838, and on Februay 2, 1863, was married to Joseph Mallotte at Hogansburg, N. Y. Shortly after her marriage she and her husband went to Canada. In 1883 the family came to Minnesota and settled on a farm in Greenbush. Her husband died on October 30, 1889, and on April 1, 1891, she married Joseph Jesmer, who died on September 28, 1901. Since his death she has made her home with her children and step children. She leaves five children, viz., Mrs. Sidney Jesmer, Princeton Mrs. Louis Jesmer, Baldwin Louis Mallotte, Greenbush Joseph Mallotte and Mrs. Wm. Paul, Marble, Minn. There were no children by the second husband. Ten stepchildren, two brothers, two sisters and 14 grand children also survive her. Mrs. Jesmer was one of the kindest of women, loved by all who knew her. She lived a life in accord with the golden ruledoing unto others as she would be done by. Her stepchildren loved her as they did their own mother, for she proved worthy of their affection. Her children, step children, and hosts of friends will greatly miss this true christian woman. Elk Klver Man Held Up. At 11 o'clock on the night of June 21 Steve Ciric, employed on the rail road at Elk River, was held up and robbed of $125. Three men assailed him, one of whom felled him to earth by a blow on the head with a club. The others went through Ms pockets. The robbers are supposed to be Bul garians, members of a railroad con struction gang working near Elk River. Although the surrounding country was scoured by an armed posse and the police of Minneapolis and other towns were notified to be on the lookout, no trace of the highway men could be found. UNITED INWEDLOCK Emii Erickson of Isanti and Miss Sig- frid H. Carlson of Baldwin Married Last Evening. Karl W. tierbig of Minneapolis and niss Martha Albrecht Wedded on Thursday, June 22. Emil Erickson of Isanti and Miss Sigfrid Helen Carlson were married last evening at the residence of the bride's parents, Mr. and C. O. Carl son, in Baldwin township. The cere mony was performed under a canopy of flowers and foliage by Rev. G. Hall in the presence of a number of relatives and invited guests. The wedding march from Lohengrin was played by Miss Edna Munson of Min neapolis as the young people took their positions beneath the bower of blossoms. Miss Hilda Carlson at tended her sister in the capacity of bridesmaid, while the groomsman was Chas. Wickstrom of Anoka. The nosegay carried by the bride was of white roses and that by the brides maid of pink roses. Very pretty creations of the mo diste's art were worn by the bride and bridesmaid, the gown of the bride being of white batiste trimmed with lace insertion and embroidery and that of the bridesmaid of white figured Swiss. The house decorations were ferns and flowers prettily arranged large bouquets occupying the center of the dining-room table, where the wedding feast was spread at the con clusion of the nuptial ceremony. Gifts of silverware, cut glass and many other valuable articles were re ceived by the young people from the assembled guests. Those from out of town who at tended the wedding were Mr. and Mrs. Munson and daughter and Miss Min nie Jacobson of Minneapolis, Miss Lissie Wickstrom of Anoka, Rev. and Mrs. A. W. Carlson of Ells worth, Wis., and Mr. and Mrs. Nelson and son of Galesburg, 111. The Union wishes Mr. and Mrs. Erickson a happy life with a full share of this world's blessings. Herbig-Albrecht. At the home of Mr. and Mrs. August Albrecht in Princeton town ship, on Thursday evening, June 22, their youngest daughter, Martha Ethel, was united in marriage to Karl Wilhelm Herbig of Minneapolis. The ceremony was conducted by Rev. Nachtheim of the German Lutheran church, Minneapolis, beneath a floral arch in the parlor of the home, and those in attendance were immediate relatives of the contracting parties. Arthur Herbig, brother of the groom, was the man of honor and Gustav Zieska the best man. Miss Louisa Albrecht, sister of the bride, was the maid of honor and Miss Frieda Her big, sister of the groom, bridesmaid. A gown of white silk with satin finish, trimmed with overlace and silk medallions was worn by the bride and she carried a bouquet of white roses and lilies of the valley, while the maid of honor and the bridesmaid wore dresses of white lawn trimmed with lace. The home decorations were of potted plants, ferns and cut flowers. Presents in large number, among them sets of silverware and cut glass, were received by the bride and groom. A wedding supper was served at 8 o'clock and the best man, Gustav Zieska, acted in the capacity of toast master. It was a jolly gathering in deed that sat down to enjoy the feast which had been prepared by Mrs. Albrecht, the bride's mother. Danc ing followed the supper and continued until a late hour. Mr. and Mrs. Herbig departed on Monday for Elk River to visit a sister of the bride, and they will be at home after July at Lake Minnetonka, where the groom is employed by the Campbell Motor Co. Their many friends wish them a happy and suc cessful life. Berglund-HIller. Miss Alice K. Hiller, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Chas. H. Hiller of Crown, was married at the home of her parents yesterday to Albert Berg lund of Ogilvie. Rev. Wittrup of Ogilvie read the marriage service and Rev. Baumhofer of Zimmerman offered the prayer. The bride, who wore a dress of white satin and car ried pink roses, was attended by Miss Alma Roos as bridesmaid. Miss Roos carried carnations. George Hiller, brother of the bride, attended the groom. The house decorations were flowers and foliage. About 75 guests were present at the ceremony and reception which' fol- VOLUME XXXY. NO. 27 lowed, and many presents were re ceived by the young people. Mr. and Mrs. Berglund will be at home in Ogilvie after July 20. Their many friends wish them a life of uninterrupted happiness. Hall-Shields J. F. Hall, the Foley banker, was married on June 21 to Miss Catherine Shields at the church of the Assump tion, Morris, Minn. Mr. and Mrs. Hall have gone to the Pacific coast on a bridal tour and upon their return will take up their residence at Foley. Celebrates Fiftieth Anniversary Fifty-seven surviving members of the famous First Minnesota Volunteer infantry responded to roll call last Thursday at the annual reunion of the regiment at the old state capitol, St. Paul. The attendance exceeded expectations and was remarked on as showing the splendid vitality of the men who made up the first regiment offered to President Lincoln. The charge at Gettysburg, which em blazoned the name of the regiment high on the world's roster of heroism, left only forty-seven men unwounded on the field. Two companies did not participate and some additional re cruits were received afterward, but that fifty-seven men remain out of that war-worn organization, able to attend and answer roll call, was "pronounced a remarkable occurrence. Thursday was a day of special commemoration for the old First, for it was fifty years ago, June 22, 1861, that the regiment broke camp at Fort Snelling and em barked on steamers for the front. St. Paul was in gala dress on Thursday and had prepared a program of special honors for the old regiment. The parade by land and water was its central feature, with a meeting at the St. Paul auditorium in the evening and a fireworks display to end the festivities. The presentation of a replica of the old flag carried by the regiment during the civil war was a feature of the exercises on the steps of the old capitol. Mrs. James J. Hill made the presentation address to the fifty-seven survivors present. Her husband en listed in the regiment in 1861 but be cause of a defective eye was mustered out before he saw service. Richard W. Freer of Princeton was among the members of the regiment in attendance and Mrs. Mary Rines, widow of the late C. H. Rines, who also served in the First, was present. Fourth of July Celebrations. There will be celebrations at Long Siding, Elk Lake park and Central park, Sandy lake, on the Fourth, and people who go to either place are as sured of a day's real enjoyment. At Long Siding field sports of vari ous kinds, including foot races, etc., will be pulled off and there will be a game of ball between the home team and Foreston. Those who feel like dancing can do so,"and a grand pyro technic display will be touched off at night. For details see ad on another page. At Elk Lake park there will be foot races and all other sports that go to make up an enjoyable program, dancing, a baseball game and fire works. See posters. At Central park, Sandy lake, a ball game will be played between the Wild Cats of Minneapolis and the Crown team and.there will be field sports, dancing, boat races, fireworks, etc. See posters for details. Explosion of Dynamite Cap Injures Boy. Bert Gilbertson, 10 years of age, son of Mrs. Mary Gilbertson of Greenbush, sustained serious injuries on Sunday by the explosion of a dynamite cap. The boy was playing with the cap and struck it with a rock with the result that three fingers on his left hand were torn off and his right eye injured so badly that it may be found necessary to remove it. Dr. Caley dressed the wounds on the hand and George Newton upon the same day took the boy to Anoka to consult Dr. Aldrich. On Monday the boy's mother went to St. Paul with him to consult other eye specialists. This should prove a lesson to other boys who play with explosives, but it won't. It is surprising that more in juries are not sustained by small boys who set off cannon crackers, cans filled with mud and gunpowder, etc. Wm. Frazier Visits Princeton. Wm. Frazier of Portland, Ore., one of the old time lumbermen of the Rum, was here last Wednesday evening greeting friends of the 'ong ago. Mr. Frazier has not aged muck in the past dozen years. He was glad to meet the "boys" he knew in the early 70's, but sorry that many of the old famil iar faces were missing. Mr. Frazier is engaged in the sawmill business near Portland. "Stumpage is so cheap out there," he remarked, "that it does not pay to steal it."