AGAINSTJ E ISIS
Jim Tawney Concisely Sets Forth His
Views on the Initiative and
Referendum and Recall.
If Adopted No Self-Respecting, Com-
petent Man Could be Induced
to Accept Public Office.
Before the bankers' convention at
Bemidji last week ex-Congressman
Tawney delivered an interesting talk
on the initiative and referendum and
recallissues that are advocated by
demagogues everywhere. A few ex
tracts from Mr. Tawney's talk are
"The initiative and referendum
means that, on the petition of a cer
tain percentage of the legal voters of
the state, legislation may be enacted
or legislation proposed in the form
of bills and passed by the legisla
ture must be referred to the people
for their approval by vote, before
they become law. The recall, as pro
posed by our last legislature, would
mean that upon the petition of a
small percentage of the popular vote
any elective officer, whether executive,
administrative, legislative or judicial,
may be recalled, and the people would
then be required to determine by bal
lot whether he or someone else should
oe elected for the remainder of his
'These reforms are fundamental,
and if once adopted as a part of our
system of government cannot be
changed or repealed by an act of the
legislature. The very permanency of
these proposed changes, if made, is in
itself sufficient to prompt the most
careful investigation and study of
their merits and to cause the people
to think for themselves before passing
judgment upon them.
"The fundamental principle of our
government, as in all representative
governments, is that the majority
should rule, and not the minority.
So careful were the people in adopt
ing our state government to guard
against the enactment of legislation
by less than a majority that they ex
pressly provided in their constitution
that no law should be enacted except
by the affirmative vote of a majority
of each house of the legislature.
"That minoirty rule obtains almost
exclusively in every country where
the initiative and referendum is in
force, let me cite the experience of the
people of Switzerland."
Here Mr. Tawney read a personal
and unofficial letter from Hon.
Lauritz S. Swenson of Minneapolis,
now minister to Christiana, and for
merly minister at Berne, who pointed
out failures of the initiative and ref
erendum in Switzerland.
"Even if it were a success in
Switzerland, it would not be, as Prof.
Swenson says, any indication that it
would be a success with us, because
of the widely differing conditions,
socially, politically and geograph
ically," Mr. Tawuey continued.
"If, then, we were to adopt the
initiative and referendum logically,
we should at the same time abolish
the legislature entirely, as a useless,
expensive and unnecessary piece of
governmental machinery. For in that
case the only function remaining for
the legislature to perform would be to
draft measures to be referred to the
people for adoption or rejection. A
board of five or seven, composed of
expert legislative architects or drafts
men, could perform all the legislature
would then have to do, and no doubt
perform it more efficiently and more
satisfactorily to the people. We
could then abolish the constitution,
the bill of rights, and the veto power
of their chief executive: for if the
people abandon representative
government by the adoption of the
initiative and referendum, and them
selves assume the exercise of all legis
lative power, neither courts nor
governors could question their enact
"The recall has been discussed re
cently and quite extensively, especi
ally in its application to judges, and
is, therefore, better understood.
Then, too, the people are gaining
knowledge concerning the recall from
'The right to petition for the recall
of an officer cannot be restricted to
those alone who are supposed to be
qualified to determine the good from
the bad official. If the right is
granted, it must be to all alike to be
exercised by any or all alike. Under
this system it will be seen, therefore,
that the misguided or malignant
passions of an unimportant part of
the community may accuse the most
efficient elective officer and by the use
of groundless charges or published
misrepresentations, create suspicion
and distrust where formerly public
confidence and faith existed thus de
priving the state of the services of an
efficient and an upright executive
officer or stainless judge. The recall
is in the nature of a public indictment
returned not upon evidence but upon
the will or the caprice of those who
frame and sign it, charging no
offense, moral or legal presented to
a court that is bound by no rules ex
cept the rule of the majority where
the defendant is denied all presump
tions in his favor and where he can
not answer any specific charge, for
no specific charge is necessary to se
cure his conviction.
"How do the advocates of the recall
expect to improve, or even secure
efficiency in the public service, under
that policy? What elective office is
there to which there is attached suffi
cient honor or salary, or both, to in
duce a man with the knowledge, abili
ty and character, the position de
mands, to seek or even accept the
office and thereby subject himself to
the humiliation of the recall upon the
groundless petition of a small per
centage of those who may have op
posed him for the place? If it is the
purpose of the advocates of the recall
to lower the standard of efficiency in
the public service if they want men
for public office not actuated by a
high sense of public duty men whose
sole ambition is to be in the spot
light, or seek public office for the
salary alone, they could not favor a
law that would more completely ac
complish their purpose than the re-
Secretary Nagel Opposes the Recall
In discussing the proposed Arizona
constitution at the commencement
exercises of Brown university at Prov
idence. R. I., last week, Secretary
Nagel, of the department of commerce
and labor, said:
"My apprehension is that the effect
of the recall will be to discourage
competent men, even more tnan now
is the case, from consenting to serve
the public. A majority of public
officials are elected for terms so short
that if they have any ambition for
continued service, they are to all in
tents and purposes subject to the re
"The initiative sounds plausible,"
he said, but he did not believe it nec
essary. "The flood of suggestion
for legislation constitutes nothing
more or less than the effort to please
spasmodic popular feeling, and if
there is any weakness in representa
tive bodies today it is their too ready
response to superficial popular de-
This morning at 2:30 Carl Boyn's
house was struck by lightning and a
quantity of plastering was knocked
from the wall. The bolt also
splintered the box on a sewing ma
chine. Mr. Boyn went downstairs at
that time to close the front door and
says the electric fluid appeared to
enter the house between the laths and
went out by way of the door, which
was open. He received a slight shock
but sustained no injury from the bolt.
Early Tuesday morning, during a
terrific electrical storm, lightning
struck a telephone cable between
Martin C. Brands' and Aug. Rines'
residences and burned it completely
in two. W. W. Fuller who saw the
bolt strike, says it was the prettiest
pyrotechnic display he ever witnessed
the molten metal from the cable fell
to the ground in a shower of vari
colored sparks which threw rays of
light in every direction.
Martin Belsem's Father Dead
A. T. Belsem one of the pioneers of
Renville county and father of Martin
Belsem of Princeton, died at Sacred
Heart, Minn., on June 20, aged 77
years. Mr. Belsem came to America
from Norway in the spring of 1866
and for a year lived in Iowa. He
then went to Sacred Heart and con
tinued to reside there until his death.
He is survived by three sons, Martin
of Princteon, John of Sacred Heart,
and Andrew of Minneota.
Verifying Assessors' Figures
Town and village boards of review
have this week been verifying the as
sessors' fiures to prove that the crop
of liars has not decreased in the land.
Men who are considered fairly honest
have not the least scruples against
lying to the assessor even good
church members do not hesitate to
stretch the truth when placing a valu
ation on their worldy possessions for
Speaks in High Praise of School.
Professor Marshall, who is con
ducting the summer school at Milaca,
came down on Saturday and returned
on Monday. He says the school is
one of the best he has ever presided
over and speaks in high praise of
the instructors. The model class of
the school, says Mr. Marshall, is a
particularly fine feature.
R. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms 1.00 Per Tear. PRINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, JUNE 29, 1911.
THE SUMMER SCHOOL
Training School for Teachers at Milaca
Is Well Attended and is Mak-
ing Splendid Progress.
Agriculture and Model Work Two of
the Features Which Are Re-
ceiving fluch Attention.
The summer training school for
Mille Lacs and Kanabec counties now
being held at Milaca is well under
way and progressing splendidly.
Superintendent Marshall of Princeton
is in charge and, with an able corps
of assistants, the school is of more
than usual interest and efficiency.
The curriculum comprises all
studies necessary to obtain a first
grade certificate, and these studies
are so divided among the instructors
that each has his or her specialties,
making the course for the term one of
the very best.
Children from the Milaca schools
are in daily attendance under the
tutelage of Miss Jacobs of the Minne
apolis schools and instructions are
given in the first and second year
primary work. The program is so
arranged that teachers may devote a
\ar of each day to observing the
first-class model work that Miss
Jacobs is engaged in. This alone is
worth the time of any teacher who is
engaged, or expects to be engaged, in
primary or rural work.
Agriculture is a strong feature of
the school work, and this is conducted
by Professor Mandeville of Mora.
All pupils in his class are deeply in
terested in this studya study which
but a few years ago was not thought
worthy of notice by educators.
Professor Childs, an old warhorse
in educational affairs, is teaching
plane geometry and English gram
mar, and he possesses the ability to
elucidate his subjects so that all may
readily understand them.
Miss Fanning, who Is well known in
this county, has history and reading
as part of her work, and those who
have permitted themselves to become
rusty in these subjects find fresh in
spiration under her method of brush
ing up their ideas.
Conductor Marshall has his hands
full with his class work and other
duties, but he is equal to the occasion
and seems to enjoy the pressure.
The enrollment is about "0 and
more are expected next week.
A board convention is planned for
Friday, July 28, the last day of the
term, and local talent has already
been engaged for that day. State
officials will also be in attendance.
It is proposed to make that day the
leading one of the term in educational
matters and within a week or so a
program will be published of the con
For the week beginning July 17 W.
H. Tomhave and Miss Mary L. Bull
of the state university farm will be
added to the faculty and give instruc
tion in agriculture and home eco
nomics respectively. Sometime dur
ing the session either Superintendent
R. E. Denfield of Duluth or E.
Quigley of the state university will
visit the school.
Playing Indian at Vlneland.
Andrew Sjoblom and a party of
real live sportsmen camped at A. P.
Jorgenson's place on the shores of
Mille Lacs lake from June 17 to 24
and, from reports brought down by a
Chippewa Indian, they certainly had
the time of their lives. In addition to
Andrew Sjoblom the party consisted
of Fred Holm, Princeton George
Warwick and John Toften, St. Paul
Andrew Anderson, Erick Nyquist, A.
J. Anderson and E. Johnson, Two
The bunch arrived at Vineland on
the afternoon of Saturday, June 17,
Andrew Sjoblom and Fred Holm*
going by automobile and the rest on
the steamer Luella from Wahkon.
There was a good deal of seasickness
among the boys on the way up and
one of them, John Toften of St. Paul,
offered Captain Jensen $25 if he would
put about and take him to shore.
This the captain refused to do and
Toften threatened to jump overboard,
but some of the boys prevented him
and he continued to relieve himself of
his biliousness until the end of the
A fine place was found near Mr.
Jorgenson's to pitch a tent and the
canvas was soon put in position.
Then a foraging party consisting of
Fred Holm, Andrew Anderson and
Erick Nyquist was sent forth to
skirmish for spring chickens. In
about an hour they returned with a
dozen and a half, but whether they
bought them or merely appropriated
them will perhaps never be known.
At any rate they fried and ate them
with a relish together with some dog
fish which George Warwick caught
from the dock.
After supper someone proposed that
they have a war dance, and war dance
it was. They bought paint of various
colors at the store and plastered it
on their faces, stuck roosters'ieathers
in their hats and, when the sun went
down, commenced their terpsichorean
stunt. Wash boilers and all sorts of
tinwareborrowed from the store and
ruinedwere used in the place of tom
toms and pandemonium reigned su
preme. The Indians, who have a
settlement near, believing that a band
of Sioux warriors had arrived, im
mediately took their departure for
Garrison, nine miles away. But the
next day the reds returned, after
sending forth a scout to report upon
the situation. That night, by means
of sundry bribes, the Indians were
induced to pull off a ghost dance, in
which the campers took part, and
fawners for miles around came to see
wbjat in thunder had happenedthe
noise was so terrific that they couldn't
Throughout the week the days were
spent in fishing, swimming, feasting,
etc., and the nights in weird and un
canny dancesthe war dance, ghost
dance, medicine dance and snake
danceit was one continual round of
One afternoon Andrew Sjoblom,
Fred Holm and Edward Johnson
were on the lake in an old boat fish
ing when the bottom of the craft sud
denly dropped out. It was a big boat
and they could keep afloat by hang
ing onto the sides of it. They called
for help but none came and they were
getting mighty tired when Andrew
Sjoblom volunteered to swim ashore.
He managed to make it, but it was by
the skin of his teeth, and when the
arrived to take off Fred Holm
and Edward Johnson they were on the
verge of collapse. The Indian told of
many other incidents but asked us in
the name of all the spooks on Spirit
island not to make them public.
The boys would probably still be
playing Indian up at Vineland had
they not become too familiar with the
Chippewas and permitted them to
enter their tent whensoever they felt
disponed. Hence the rheumatism med
icine disappeared more rapidly than
Death of Airs Kose Jesmer.
Mrs. Rose Jesmer died at the home
of her son-in-law, Sidney Jesmer, in
this village at 10 o'clock on Tuesday
evening, June 27. Death was caused
by a complication of ailments super
induced by Bright's disease. Mrs.
Jesmer would have reached the age of
73 had she lived until August 3 of this
Funeral services will be held at the
Catholic church, Princeton, tomorrow
morning at 10 o'clock and the inter
ment will be in the Green bush Catho
lic cemetery. Rev. Father Levings
will conduct the services.
Mrs. Jesmer was born in St.
Lawrence county, New York, on
August 3, 1838, and on Februay 2,
1863, was married to Joseph Mallotte
at Hogansburg, N. Y. Shortly after
her marriage she and her husband
went to Canada. In 1883 the family
came to Minnesota and settled on a
farm in Greenbush. Her husband
died on October 30, 1889, and on
April 1, 1891, she married Joseph
Jesmer, who died on September 28,
1901. Since his death she has made
her home with her children and step
children. She leaves five children,
viz., Mrs. Sidney Jesmer, Princeton
Mrs. Louis Jesmer, Baldwin Louis
Mallotte, Greenbush Joseph Mallotte
and Mrs. Wm. Paul, Marble, Minn.
There were no children by the second
husband. Ten stepchildren, two
brothers, two sisters and 14 grand
children also survive her.
Mrs. Jesmer was one of the kindest
of women, loved by all who knew her.
She lived a life in accord with the
golden ruledoing unto others as she
would be done by. Her stepchildren
loved her as they did their own
mother, for she proved worthy of
their affection. Her children, step
children, and hosts of friends will
greatly miss this true christian
Elk Klver Man Held Up.
At 11 o'clock on the night of June
21 Steve Ciric, employed on the rail
road at Elk River, was held up and
robbed of $125. Three men assailed
him, one of whom felled him to earth
by a blow on the head with a club.
The others went through Ms pockets.
The robbers are supposed to be Bul
garians, members of a railroad con
struction gang working near Elk
River. Although the surrounding
country was scoured by an armed
posse and the police of Minneapolis
and other towns were notified to be on
the lookout, no trace of the highway
men could be found.
Emii Erickson of Isanti and Miss Sig-
frid H. Carlson of Baldwin
Married Last Evening.
Karl W. tierbig of Minneapolis and
niss Martha Albrecht Wedded
on Thursday, June 22.
Emil Erickson of Isanti and Miss
Sigfrid Helen Carlson were married
last evening at the residence of the
bride's parents, Mr. and C. O. Carl
son, in Baldwin township. The cere
mony was performed under a canopy
of flowers and foliage by Rev. G.
Hall in the presence of a number of
relatives and invited guests. The
wedding march from Lohengrin was
played by Miss Edna Munson of Min
neapolis as the young people took
their positions beneath the bower of
blossoms. Miss Hilda Carlson at
tended her sister in the capacity of
bridesmaid, while the groomsman was
Chas. Wickstrom of Anoka. The
nosegay carried by the bride was of
white roses and that by the brides
maid of pink roses.
Very pretty creations of the mo
diste's art were worn by the bride and
bridesmaid, the gown of the bride
being of white batiste trimmed with
lace insertion and embroidery and
that of the bridesmaid of white figured
Swiss. The house decorations were
ferns and flowers prettily arranged
large bouquets occupying the center
of the dining-room table, where the
wedding feast was spread at the con
clusion of the nuptial ceremony.
Gifts of silverware, cut glass and
many other valuable articles were re
ceived by the young people from the
Those from out of town who at
tended the wedding were Mr. and Mrs.
Munson and daughter and Miss Min
nie Jacobson of Minneapolis, Miss
Lissie Wickstrom of Anoka, Rev.
and Mrs. A. W. Carlson of Ells
worth, Wis., and Mr. and Mrs. Nelson
and son of Galesburg, 111.
The Union wishes Mr. and Mrs.
Erickson a happy life with a full
share of this world's blessings.
At the home of Mr. and Mrs.
August Albrecht in Princeton town
ship, on Thursday evening, June 22,
their youngest daughter, Martha
Ethel, was united in marriage to Karl
Wilhelm Herbig of Minneapolis. The
ceremony was conducted by Rev.
Nachtheim of the German Lutheran
church, Minneapolis, beneath a floral
arch in the parlor of the home, and
those in attendance were immediate
relatives of the contracting parties.
Arthur Herbig, brother of the groom,
was the man of honor and Gustav
Zieska the best man. Miss Louisa
Albrecht, sister of the bride, was the
maid of honor and Miss Frieda Her
big, sister of the groom, bridesmaid.
A gown of white silk with satin
finish, trimmed with overlace and silk
medallions was worn by the bride and
she carried a bouquet of white roses
and lilies of the valley, while the
maid of honor and the bridesmaid
wore dresses of white lawn trimmed
with lace. The home decorations
were of potted plants, ferns and cut
flowers. Presents in large number,
among them sets of silverware and
cut glass, were received by the bride
A wedding supper was served at 8
o'clock and the best man, Gustav
Zieska, acted in the capacity of toast
master. It was a jolly gathering in
deed that sat down to enjoy the feast
which had been prepared by Mrs.
Albrecht, the bride's mother. Danc
ing followed the supper and continued
until a late hour.
Mr. and Mrs. Herbig departed on
Monday for Elk River to visit a sister
of the bride, and they will be at home
after July at Lake Minnetonka, where
the groom is employed by the
Campbell Motor Co. Their many
friends wish them a happy and suc
Miss Alice K. Hiller, daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Chas. H. Hiller of
Crown, was married at the home of
her parents yesterday to Albert Berg
lund of Ogilvie. Rev. Wittrup of
Ogilvie read the marriage service and
Rev. Baumhofer of Zimmerman
offered the prayer. The bride, who
wore a dress of white satin and car
ried pink roses, was attended by Miss
Alma Roos as bridesmaid. Miss
Roos carried carnations. George
Hiller, brother of the bride, attended
the groom. The house decorations
were flowers and foliage.
About 75 guests were present at the
ceremony and reception which' fol-
VOLUME XXXY. NO. 27
lowed, and many presents were re
ceived by the young people.
Mr. and Mrs. Berglund will be at
home in Ogilvie after July 20.
Their many friends wish them a life
of uninterrupted happiness.
J. F. Hall, the Foley banker, was
married on June 21 to Miss Catherine
Shields at the church of the Assump
tion, Morris, Minn. Mr. and Mrs.
Hall have gone to the Pacific coast on
a bridal tour and upon their return
will take up their residence at Foley.
Celebrates Fiftieth Anniversary
Fifty-seven surviving members of
the famous First Minnesota Volunteer
infantry responded to roll call last
Thursday at the annual reunion of
the regiment at the old state capitol,
St. Paul. The attendance exceeded
expectations and was remarked on as
showing the splendid vitality of the
men who made up the first regiment
offered to President Lincoln. The
charge at Gettysburg, which em
blazoned the name of the regiment
high on the world's roster of heroism,
left only forty-seven men unwounded
on the field. Two companies did not
participate and some additional re
cruits were received afterward, but
that fifty-seven men remain out of that
war-worn organization, able to attend
and answer roll call, was "pronounced
a remarkable occurrence. Thursday
was a day of special commemoration
for the old First, for it was fifty years
ago, June 22, 1861, that the regiment
broke camp at Fort Snelling and em
barked on steamers for the front. St.
Paul was in gala dress on Thursday
and had prepared a program of
special honors for the old regiment.
The parade by land and water was its
central feature, with a meeting at the
St. Paul auditorium in the evening
and a fireworks display to end the
The presentation of a replica of
the old flag carried by the regiment
during the civil war was a feature of
the exercises on the steps of the old
capitol. Mrs. James J. Hill made the
presentation address to the fifty-seven
survivors present. Her husband en
listed in the regiment in 1861 but be
cause of a defective eye was mustered
out before he saw service.
Richard W. Freer of Princeton was
among the members of the regiment in
attendance and Mrs. Mary Rines,
widow of the late C. H. Rines, who
also served in the First, was present.
Fourth of July Celebrations.
There will be celebrations at Long
Siding, Elk Lake park and Central
park, Sandy lake, on the Fourth, and
people who go to either place are as
sured of a day's real enjoyment.
At Long Siding field sports of vari
ous kinds, including foot races, etc.,
will be pulled off and there will be a
game of ball between the home team
and Foreston. Those who feel like
dancing can do so,"and a grand pyro
technic display will be touched off at
night. For details see ad on another
At Elk Lake park there will be foot
races and all other sports that go to
make up an enjoyable program,
dancing, a baseball game and fire
works. See posters.
At Central park, Sandy lake, a ball
game will be played between the Wild
Cats of Minneapolis and the Crown
team and.there will be field sports,
dancing, boat races, fireworks, etc.
See posters for details.
Explosion of Dynamite Cap Injures Boy.
Bert Gilbertson, 10 years of age,
son of Mrs. Mary Gilbertson of
Greenbush, sustained serious injuries
on Sunday by the explosion of a
dynamite cap. The boy was playing
with the cap and struck it with a rock
with the result that three fingers on
his left hand were torn off and his
right eye injured so badly that it may
be found necessary to remove it.
Dr. Caley dressed the wounds on the
hand and George Newton upon the
same day took the boy to Anoka to
consult Dr. Aldrich. On Monday the
boy's mother went to St. Paul with
him to consult other eye specialists.
This should prove a lesson to other
boys who play with explosives, but it
won't. It is surprising that more in
juries are not sustained by small boys
who set off cannon crackers, cans
filled with mud and gunpowder, etc.
Wm. Frazier Visits Princeton.
Wm. Frazier of Portland, Ore., one
of the old time lumbermen of the Rum,
was here last Wednesday evening
greeting friends of the 'ong ago. Mr.
Frazier has not aged muck in the past
dozen years. He was glad to meet
the "boys" he knew in the early 70's,
but sorry that many of the old famil
iar faces were missing. Mr. Frazier
is engaged in the sawmill business
near Portland. "Stumpage is so
cheap out there," he remarked, "that
it does not pay to steal it."
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