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R. C. DUNN, Pablisher. Terms $1.00 Per Tear.
THE FOURTH OF JULY Princeton Virtually Deserted and Res= idents Go to the Lakes and Elsewhere to Celebrate. Befitting Celebrations Are Held at Long Siding, Sandy Lake and at Elk Lake Park. Princeton was almost deserted on the Fourth, the greater part of the in habitants going to the lakes and other places in an endeavor to find relief from the sweltering heat which prevailedit could scarcely have been hotter on the equator than it was here on the Fourth. Small boys ushered in the day with firecrackers and other detonators and in the evening set off skyrockets, Roman candles, etc., and this, with a flag displayed here and there, were the only indications that Independence day had arrived. So far as we have been able to ascertain there were no casualties either in Princeton or the surrounding country as a result of monkeying with ex plosives. Of the places which celebrated the Fourth in the country tributary to Princeton Long Siding attracted the laigest crowd. The principal features were a couple of baseball gamesone between Long Siding and Estes Brook and the other between fat and lean nines. In the Long Sidmg-Estes Brook game Long Siding won by a score of 8 to 6 and the leans were vic torious the other contest Races of various kinds were pulled off and hundreds availed themselves of the opportunity to trip the light fantastic toe. The program throughout was a good one. Many people went to Elk Lake park, where a ball game was played between Blue Hill and Orrock, in which Blue Hill won by a score of 20 to 14, and there were launch excursions and a program of races, dancing, etc. Elk Lake park on the Fourth was one of the coolest places to be found. Out at Central park, Sandy lake, a large number of people attended the celebration, but there was no ball game. There were, however, other sports to interest the visitors, and everyone seemed to have a good time. Creamery Comparisons United States Department of Agricul ture, Washington, D. C. West Branch Co-operaitve Creamery Co., Princeton, Minn. Dear Sir: The data below has been compiled from the annual reports of creameries in the state of Minnesota for the year 1910, and will help to give you an idea of the standing of your creamery as compared with other creameries of the state. This statement is being sent out only to those creameries co-operating with this division by sending in reports to be used in making these totals. The -creameries reporting to this division showed the following: Average amount of butter made by local creameries 114 198 lbs Amount made by your creamery 105 910 lbs Average price paid to patrons per pound for butterfat 30 98c Ai erage price paid at your creamery 30 90c A\ erage cost of making, per lb of butter 2 46c A\ erage cost of our creamery 2 30c A\ erage overrun of creameries 19 37% A\ erage 0% un of your creamei 20 00% A\ erage shrinkage per tub was 0 58 lbs The highest yearly average price paid for butterfat per pound was 36 40c The lowest yearly average price paid for butterfat per pound was 24 30c The highest buttermaker salary was $2 21Z 98 The lowest buttermaker salary was S378 00 The average salary was 5924 20 Side lines (selling milk cream, making ice cream feeding or selling buttermilk etc were reported from 9 per cent of the creameries 28 whole-milk creameries received per pound of butter 30 06c And paid patrons per lb of butterfat 32 84c Their average overrun was 20 80% Theiefore for 3 000 000 pounds of but terfat haudled by these cream eries the patrons received $985 200 00 2* hand-separator creameries received per per pound of butter 27 93c And paid patrons per pound of but terfat 32 54C Their average overrun was 22 56% Therefore for 3 000,000 pounds of but terfat handled by these cream eries the patrons received 978 200 00 The details given above are based on reports showing over ^54,000,000 pounds of butter manufactured. Very respectfully, S. C. Thompson, In Charge of Dairy Manufactruing Investigations. Dumas Held to Grand Jury. After a mass of incriminating evi dence had been heard in the Dumas case at Bemidji on Thursday last, in which Behan, the captured yeggman, and Smythe were the principal wit nesses for the state, Dumas was held to the grand jury in a bail bond of 610,000 furnished by his father. Postoffice inspector H. P. Ormsby of Bemidji, who has been actively en gaged on the northern Minnesota arson and robbery cases, but who has resigned from the government service on account of having reached the age limit, declared that Mayor A. F. Dumas of Cass Lake can never be convicted in Cass county. "They will have to get a change of venue," said Mr. Ormsby. "They ought to get the case over into Wadena or Hubbard county." Mr. Ormsby declared that Dumas is only a lieutenant of a Cass Lake man who is the captain of the arson gang, but has managed to keep out of trouble so far. "Dumas is a fool: he thinks nothing can flush him" added Ormsby. "Dumas' friends are working hard to create sentiment in favor of him," said Ormsby, "and so is his baseball team. So is the lower element. Re ports have been sent out that Dumas is popular in his own townthat Cass Lake is standing up for him. That is true only of the lower element." Martin Behan, captured in the battle at Puposky on the morning of June 17, was released from the county jail at Bemidji on Friday morning on a bond of $5,000, signed by his wife and J. B. Meyer. The arraignment is to be arranged by Fire Marshal Charles Keller. The bail bonds were passed upon by Thayer Bailey, who appeared for the state, and were ac cepted by Court Commissioner Simons, before whom the proceedings were held. Behan, who is in the last stages of tuberculosis, has been taken to Wisconsin by his sister and wife. It was generally understood that his release is a measure a reward for having turned state's evidence. Machine Sacked Mad. Mark Stroeter, in order to test the peed of his new benzine wagon, started for Minneapolis one day last week with the throttle wide open, but when he tried to slow down he found it was impossible to do so. The ma chine had sucked so much mud into its system that it would not respond to the usual methods brought into requisition to slow down. On it went at a speed of something ilke 100 miles an hour, and farmers ran out of their houses wondering what the dickens the streak which passed over the road consisted of. The machine went at such a terrific speed that from a dis tance it was impossible to tell it was an automobile. Herr Stroeter hung on to the wheel like grim deathhis grip was more tenacious than that of an octopus. Otherwise he would have been uncere moniously pitched into the road as the machine swung around the corners. "It was mighty hard for me to steer," said he, "going at that speed, but I knew that if I made a false move I would probably land in kingdom come. I expected the car would keep up that nerve-racking gait until the gasoline had become ex hausted or the batteries collapsed, and that probably by that time I should be somewhere in the vicinity of Chicago or New York, but all of a sudden the machine shivered and came to a full stop. As you may imagine, I received a greater jar than did the machine when it made that instantaneous stop. 1 was lucky, to be sure, in not being instantaneously transformed into an inanimate mass, but I did not escape uninjured. Look at this bump on my headthere's an other just like it on my right elbow and both my knees are lacerated. And yet I merely struck mother earth. Supposing that cussed machine had hurled me against a telephone post! I would never have lived to tell this tale." Despite his bumps and bruises the story goes that, after Herr Stroeter had said his prayers, he walked back to Princeton. The Late W. A Trask. Brief mention was made last week of the death of Mr. W. A. Trask, which occurred at Monticello on the morning of the 29th ult. He was born at Vassalboro, Maine, November 27, 1838. He served in the U. S. navy during the war of the rebellion, came to Minnesota in 1867 and located in Princeton on a farm immediately south of the village limits, where he resided until 1884, when he removed to Monticello, where he resided until the date of his death. In 1869 Mr. Trask went to Maine and married Miss Mary Phillips on November 9 of that year. Two children, George A. and Frank A., both born on the farm in Princeton, died several years ago, and Mrs. Trask is the only surviving member of the family. To add to Mrs. Trask's already overflowing cup of sorrow her home was destroyed by fire ion Friday morning and the corpse of her husband narrowly escaped being con sumed by the flames, Thus one woe doth tread upon another's heel. Years ago, under the nom de plume of "Barnacle," Mr. Trask con tributed frequently to the columns of the Union. He wielded a sarcastic pen and was endowed with a fine sense of humor but it was as a rhymester that he excelled. He had many friends in this vicinity who hold him in kindly remembrance. HOME FROM ORIENT Q. A. O'Reilly, Representing Philip- pine Commission, in America to Establish flarkets. Will Also Visit Commercial Centers of Europe in an Endeavor to Ef- fect a Like Purpose. G. A. O'Reilly of Manila, P. I., brother of Mrs. J. J. Skahen and Mrs. T. J. Kaliher, arrived here on Monday evening from Chicago and de parted for Washington, D. on Wednesday. Mr. O'Reilly is superin tendent of the Manila schools and is in this country as a representative of the Philippine government. His mission is to establish trade relations between the islands and large com mercial houses of the United States he seeks to find a market for the handiwork of the Filipinos. There is a strong movement on foot in the Philipppines to make the natives self supporting. They are being taught in the schools to make many varieties of useful and fancy articleshats, laces and hundreds of other things. Naturally they are ingenious and turn out some beautiful works of art. To find a market for their products a market where such products can be readily disposed ofwill mean much to these natives. They will re ceive pay for their wares, and this will do more than any one thing to make them self dependent. Hereto fore, and in fact at the present time, the supply of Filipino wares are greater than the demand, but when Mr. O'Reilly completes his mission he expects that markets will have been established which can handle not only the present output but a greatly increased one. Not alone in the United States, but in the great marts of Europe Mr. O'Reilly will make an effort to estab lish markets for Filipino wares. From here he went to Washington, D. to report to the bureau of insular affairs upon his progress, and within a few days he will sail for Liverpool. London, Paris, Berlin, Dublin and other large commercial centers will be visited by him before he returns to the orient. Mr. O'Reilly is a highly educated man and is perfectly familiar with conditions in the Philippines. And, be it said to his credit, his sole ambition is to do whatsoever is in his power to better the condition of the natives. Fire In Scheen's Confectionery. At 2:45 on Monday afternoon people in the vicinity of Scheen's store were startled by what seemed to be a premature Fourth of July cele brationit sounded like a fusillade of firecrackers. And that's what it was. By some means or other a box of fire crackers became ignited and the flames therefrom quickly communi cated to other Fourth of July noise makers and to the shelves containing fancy stationery and other goods. In a few minutes everything was ablaze, but the fire department arrived in short order and saved the goods in the back part of the store. Several hundred dollars' worth of goods, including fancy stationery, was destroyed, a showcase was ruined, soda fountain damaged, win dows broken and the interior of the store scorched. The stock was insured in a com pany represented by the First Nation al bank. Almost an Angel George Ade was talking at a June wedding in Chicago about matrimony. "Matrimony is perhaps a little too much idealized," he said. "These June brides, radiant under their white veils in a glitter of June sunshine, seem capable of changing earth to heaven, but as a matter of fact, they are not capable of anything of the sort. I am heartily in sympathy with old Brown, to whom young Black said at a wedding: 'A good wife can make a veritable angel of a man.' "'Ye s, that's so,' old Brown agreed. 'My wife came near making one of me with her first batch of doughnuts.' Story of Grimm's Alfalfa Speaking of romances, here is one which the United States department of agriculture believes is destined to play an important part in the agricul tural evolution of that vast prairie country in the United States and Canada north of the forty-second parallel, which runs just north of Des Moines, Iowa: In the grand duchy of Baden, Ger many, a certain strain of alfalfa has been grown for 300 or 400 years. PRINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, JULY 6, 1911. More than half a century ago Wen delin Grimm farmed a little plac near the village of Kulsheim in Baden. Of course, he raised alfalfa, but there it is called "everlasting clover." From wind or insectno one knows whatthe pure bred alfalfa in Grimm's field was touched with wild bloodthe blood of the yellow flowered sickle lucerne, known botan ically as medirago falcata. It chanced at that time that Grimm decided to emigrate to America, and it happened that he had a lot of farmer neighbors in Carver county, Minnesota. He decided to settle near his friends in Carver county. As Grimm was packing up to leave the fatherland he remembered that he had a few pounds of alfalfa seed in a sack. It was the seed carrying the drop of wild blood. Crowded for room, he searched and found a hole in Pfhich he poked the bag of seed. It was a crucial moment for the prairie northwest. Grimm landed in Carver county, Minnesota, in 1857. He lost no time putting in crops on a little farm of scarcely more than a hundred acres. The "everlasting clover" or alfalfa was planted that year. Baden is a much warmer country than Minneso ta. The trouble with alfalfa north of the forty-second parallel is that the plant freezes out: it cannot stand the severe winters. So Grimm's everlast ing clover passed a "powerful bad" winter. The next spring Grimm's al falfa field was almost ready to join thehald-headed crew. But two things saved the day north of the forty second parallel. Grimm was bull headed for one thing, and the alfalfa had the touch of wild blood for an other. Grimm had always raised al falfa over in Baden, and he could not understand failing here. He left the ground in alfalfa as a matter of course. The wild blood in the alfal fa produced diversity in the plants. They bloomed in colors of the rain bow. That gave nature quite a vari ety to select from. So nature kept what it could use in that hard climate and killed off the others. As years went on the alfalfa that stored became accustomed to 20 and 30 degrees below zero. Without know ing anything of the why or the where fore of it, Grimm finally got a stand of alfalfa. Thus the work of ac climatization and selection went on for nearly fifty years before anybody knew what was happening. Grimm himself had not the slightest idea that he was creating a new race of alfalfa. He died some years ago without know ing that his name was to be linked with a plant designed to help build an agricultural empire. The deparment of agriculture has now taken Grimm's alfalfa in hand and is jealously guarding the few thousand acres known to contain the pure strain. Alfalfa stands so high among wealth-producers on the farm that it has become known as "the mortgage lifter." Starting in America only about fifty years ago, alfalfa now produces an annual crop valued at $150,000,000, with an acreage covering about 800,000 square miles. Very little of this acreage is north of the fory-second parallel, between the At lantic and the Rockies. AN APPEAL To the People of Zimmerman and Sur rounding CountryGigantic Undertak- ingThe Retfring from Business of A. SmithThe Big Event of the Year in Zimmerman Mr. Smith, who has been doing busi ness for several years in Zimmerman and has established an enviable repu tation for reliability and square deal ing, and never carried any except the most dependable merchandise, has positively concluded to retire from business. Hence, with the object in view of making a clean sweep of the entire stock in the next ten days he has contracted with the T. K. Kelly Sales System, the renowned merchan dise bargain givers, to close out every dollar's worth of stock regardless of cost, loss or profit. The people of Zimmerman and vicinity will be greatly benefited by the tremendous sacrifice in prices at the closing-out sale at J. A. Smith's store, which will begin on Wednes day, July 12, 1911, at 9 o'clock a. m. sharp. It is safe to say that a sale such as this comes but once in a lifetime, and the public no doubt will buy out the combined clothing, dry goods, shoes and grocery stock quickly. The T. K. Kelly Sales System's representatives are now on the ground rearranging and marking down the entire stock. Store now closed, and positively nothing will be sold until the opening clay, Wednesday, July 12, at 9 a. m., and lasting ten days only. Come prepared to get great bargains. DISCORD INTHECAMP Insurgents of Twin Cities Are at Log- gerheadsMany of Them Are Opposed to LaFollette. Twin City Paper Digs Up Corpse of Van Sant and Would Like to Run It Against Knute Nelson. Union Special Correspondence St. Paul, Minn., July 5.This is a week of investigation at St. Paul. On July 6 commences the investigation of the state training school at Red Wing and the continuation of the express company hearings before the railroad and warehouse commission. The first hearing is the result of the complaint filed by Private Secretary Ralph W. Wheelock. A new angle has developed in the case by the discovery of a statute which authorizes the governor to order the board of control to in vestigate state institutions. This dis covery was made by E. P. Sanborn, who is acting as attorney for the peo ple interested in bringing the investi gation. The governor has issued an order accordingly. The board of con trol has stated that it was uncertain as to who should pay the expense of the witnesses that are to be brought and the attorney general's office ruled that both sides should pay for their own witnesses. The order of the gov ernor makes the investigation a state investigation and will make it un necessary for either side to pay for their own witnesses The express company hearings are a continuation of those started over a month ago, where startling testi mony was produced relative to the profits of these companies. Iowa and South Dakota, which have similar cases pending, will have their attor neys general present. The hearing will have special interest just now in view of the voluntary reductions by the express companies in their rates, and the agitation which is going on relative to the establishment of a parcels post. *$* *$* Political dopesters ia the twin cities are busily engaged in bringing out candidates for the United States sen ate. It is not certain that Knute Nelson will be a candidate for re election. It is known that he has long been desirous of retiring at the close of his present term. His farm at Alexandria looks pretty good to the senator. But strong efforts are be ing made to keep him in politics and, with the senator's well known pugna cious tendencies, it is more than prob able that he will decide there is still just one more good fight in him. One of the twin city papers has shaken the mouldering cerements from the political figure of former Governor Van Sant and has come to the con clusion that be would make a good candidate. Still another candidate who is being mentioned is Fred B. Snyder of Minneapolis, formerly in the state senate and later president of the Minneapolis council. James A. Peterson is looked upon as a tenta tive candidate although the LaFol lette supporters are said to be making an effort to induce him to run for mayor. They are said to regard his senatorial candidacy as dangerous to the LaFollette movement. Speaking of the LaFollette boom, the insurgents of St. Paul and of Minneapolis are said to be at logger heads. The Hugh Halbert insurgents of St. Paul bow only to the name of Roosevelt and do not take kindly to LaFollette. In Minneapolis they are strong for LaFollette. In both cities the sentiment is strongly in favor of Canadian reciprocity and Senaor La Follette's objection to the pact is causing trouble all along the line. In Minneapolis there are rumors of a coalition between the LaFollette men and the supporters of Van Lear, the socialist candidate for mayor, who made such a good showing in the last election. LaFollette boosters are hoping for great things from the second district. They think they have a good chance of securing some LaFollette dele gates because of the torn up condi tions among the republicans. There have been rumors of a tentative effort to get together there among the re publicans and the name of Sam B. Wilson of Mankato has been men tioned as the man who might be able to carry off the nomination. Since then other possible candidates have become very busy. Franklin L. Ells worth, candidate in the last election, has moved to Mankato and will be a candidate. F. E. Putnam of Blue Earth is a willing Barkis. Senator Canfield of Luverne is looking the VOLUME XXXY. NO. 28 field over while Senator Haycraft of Madelia is angling for the congres sional fish. Edward E. Smith, chairman of the republican state central committee, has been reported in Washington during the past few weeks. It is ex pected that the Eberhart forces will line up back of the president and Chairman Smith's presence in Wash ington is causing considerable curi osity. He will be home this week. $- Former Mayor W. H. Eustis is beng discussed as a Taft delegate to the next national republican conven tion. fr $- Senator Nelson's opposition to reciprocity and to the administration is starting a good deal of discussion. The senator has taken so strong a position that it will be difficult for him to get into the fight for a Taft delegation from this state, even if he should desire to. If not Taft he will have to support LaFollette and a good many are wondering where the sena tor is "going to get off." There are rumors that Attorney General Simpson would like to be a candidate for governor. There are also rumors that he will resign and go into private practice. The rela tions between his office and that of the governor are said to be strained. But the election is a long ways off and Mr. Simpson has not yet re signed. The Gordon boom, which was started in Jim Arneson paper at Chisholm in the form of a bitter criti cism on Governor Eberhart, has suffered an early frost. The attacks on the governor are continuing, but Mr. Arneson is busily explaining that he didn't mean it. RALPH. A Dastardly Proceeding As Frank Michaels and son were proceeding down First street in a rig on Monday afternoon, on their way to their home west of town, a vehicle occupied by a couple of drunken fel lows going ia the same direction ran into Mr. Michaels' buggy and tore off the right hind wheel. The spokes of the wheel were smashed to pieces and Mr. Michaels was compelled to purchase a new one before he could proceed on his journey. The col lision occurred near Will Hatch's residence, and the horse attached to the rig in which the two drunken men were seated was going at a gallop when it ran into Mr. Michael's con veyance. The fellows did not stop to see what damage they had caused they whipped up the horse, which was covered with foam from fast driving and, with a whoop, galloped away on the road leading north from the site where the Princeton hotel stood. The fellows should have been pur sued and brought backit is a shame that the perpetrators of so dastardly an outrage should be permitted to go free. They could have been easily run down with an automobile. Who the fellows were no one seemed to know. Peary Missed the Pole According to the report adopted by congress Peary did not reach the north pole, even according to his own figures, within one and one-sixteenth miles. So as an exact fact neither Cook or Peary actually stood on the top of the earth. They came about as near to it as some people do to buy ing the most perfect beer when they do not buy golden grain belt beers, the most perfect by scientific test, made in the most prefectly hygenic brewery in the world. Get a case for your table, and visit the brewery when you are nearby. Order your supply from Sjoblom Bros., Prince ton. Reeve Made a General. C. McC. Reeve, for twenty years colonel of the First regiment, M. N. G., was on Monday made brigadier general of the Minnesota National guard. The choice was made by field and staff officers. Colonel Reeve's resignation from the First regiment was announced last week and he will retire from the National guard August 8. Colonel Reeve was made a brigadier general of United States volunteers after the battle of Manila, but after the war returned to active duty as colonel of the First regiment. The Heat Kills Grandma. 'Grandma" Greenblat, aged 107 years, and said to be the oldest woman in Minnesota, died at the Jewish home for old people in St. Paul yesterday from heat prostra tion. She comes of a long-lived family, her father having reached the age of 115 years a month before he died.