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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, July 20, 1911, Image 2

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^VERY year the biological survey
makes a report covering the
progress of game protection in
tlie United States The reports
mark a steady progress in the mo\e
ment for the increase of game by piop
agation and the establishment of game
preserves This 3 ear's report, just
published, is made by S Palmer and
Henry Olch They relate that the in
creased popularity of the automobile
by huntsmen was mat Led, and the
possibility of utilizing the aeroplane 111
duck shooting was demonstrated by
an experiment in southern California
last November So far as is known,
this was the fiist attempt made to use
the aeroplane in shooting game.
Another innovation was frowned
upon when a Maine court imposed a
fine upon a nonresident for using one of
the recently invented silencers on his
rifle while out after deer. This was
the first conviction in any court for
this new offense Another important
court decision was that of the supreme
court of Pennsylvania prohibiting the
use of automatic guns In Pennsyl
vania also the law prohibiting the
possession of firearms by aliens was
upheld in the lower courts, and incon
sequence the disarming of aliens has
made rapid progress.
A count taken by the American
Bison society shows a total of 2,108
pure blood buffalo in North America
as compared with 1,917 at the date of
the last census, made in 1908 Of
these 1,007 ire in captivity in the Unit
ed States, G2G are in captivity in Can
ada and 475 are wild. The corre
sponding figures for 190S were 1.11G,
47G and 32o The decrease in the num.
ber in the United States was caused
by the large purchases made by the
Canadian government The total num
ber of buffalo has, however, increased
by nearly 200
The largest herds in private hands
are now those of the Soldiers' Creek
park at Behidere, Kan. the remain
der of the Pablo herd at Reman,
Mont the Blue Mountain Forest as
sociation herd at Newport, N the
Lillie herd at Pawnee, Okla the Phn
lips herd at Pieire, S the Good
night herd at Goodnight, Tex., and the
Dooley herd on Antelope island, in
Great Salt lake The outlaw buffalo
belonging to Michel Pablo, which hav,s
thus far defied all attempts at cap
ture, are supposed to number about
seventy-five. It was announced in the
autumn that a hunt would be organ
izetl by the owner of the herd The
state warden immediately took steps
to pi event the hunt under the pro
visions of an old Montana law prohin
iting the killing of buffalo at any time
in the state
Waterfowl and Woods Game.
From the gunner's viewpoint tne
waterfowl -\nson was not satisfactory
last ear, but from the standpoint
Aeroplane Only a Little More Than
Used In Hunting. 2,000 Buffaloes Left.
v?
the game conservationists it seems to
have been very favorable On the At
lantic coast the number of canvas
backs and redheads was gi eater than
usual in the Long Island bays and on
the Massachusetts coast, but much
smaller than usual on the Susquehan
na flats and Currituck sound, where
these species are usually abundant
Canvasbacks are reported as numerous
and increasing on Cayuga lake, cen
tral New York, where they were very
scarce a dozen years ago
Introduced pheasants seem to nave
held their own in sections where they
have become established and in some
instances show an increase In the
region around Buffalo, Y, where
shooting is permitted for a short sea
son 111 the f.'ll and wheie 15,000, it is
estimated, were killed in 1908, the
stock does not seem to have been di
minished In the Genesee val'ey and
in the region around Canandaigua
pheasants have become quite numer
ous In Massachusetts the birds seem
to be holding their own, and the same
is true of Ohio
In no place where they have ueen
liberated h.'uc Hungarian partridges
yet become fullj established, and in
NO MORE SMOKING IN PUBLIC
Dr. Wiley Says It Will Soon Be as Ex
tinct as the Dodo.
Dr. Harvey W. Wiley, the govern
ment pure food and drug expert, is
now after the smokers.
"I predict that within twelve years
smoking and tobacco chewing in pub
lic will have become obsolete,'' said
Dr. Wiley. "A man has a perfect
right to drink, chew or dip snuff
his private sanctorium, but he has. not
the shadow of a right to inflict un
wholesome smoke on the community
at large.
"There should be a strictly enforced
law prohibiting smoking and chewing
in public places or on the cars where
other persons are obliged to be.
"College students, a brand of animal
thrt "ot noted for daintiness or re
ga:J for the feelings of others, will
crawl undr a grand stand to take a
pull from the bottle that curses Even
thepe fellows will not drink openly so
that their fellow citizens c."n witf"
them, and the same tin 112: will
to pass as regards tolvuo \athin
next few 3 ears
several regions where large sums have
been spent in the attempted acclima
tization of these birds they are re
ported to ha\e disappeared through
climatic or other causes. Other foreign
game birds have practically all dis
appeared from the regions where they
have been liberated
Indiana bought and distributed 8,000
partridges and New Jersey 2,000 par
tridges and 4,000 English ringneck
pheasants during the year Missouri
arranged for the purchase and distri
bution of 4,000 partridges California
liberated 2,400 partridges in thirty-nine
counties Iowa arranged for the pur
chase of 5,000 pairs of partridges to be
liberated early in 1911 Idaho com
pleted the distribution of 1,090 pheas
ants bought in 1909 Louisiana in the
fall of 1910 bought 120 pheasants for
distribution throughout the state and
liberation on the state game preserve
in Caldwell parish, and Colorado
placed twenty-five pairs of partridges
in nine counties and began the distri
bution of 2,000 pheasants.
Oklahoma and Iowa distributed 20,-
07G and G.2G5 peasant eggs, respective
ly, to farmers for hatching and later
liberation of the resulting broods.
Iowa also arranged for the purchase
and distribution of adult pheasants
South Dakota began an experiment
with 200 or 300 pairs of pheasants and
a few partridges, and Vermont gave
much consideration to restocking the
state with pheasants, wild turkeys and
Hungarian partridges, the last being
regarded less favorably. A few par
tridges were turned out by private or
ganizations in New York, and 100 par
tridges were planted in Mississippi and
Tennessee by an enthusiastic sports
man.
Eesults of Experiments.
It is yet too early to determine the
outcome of most of these experimental
measures, though negative results ap
pear to have followed the liberation of
partridges in New Jersey, Mississippi
and Tennessee During the year, how
ever, it has developed that the plant
ing of 1.C00 pheasants in Kansas three
or four years ago has been entirely
barren of results and that of nearly
10,000 partridges liberated in Connecti
cut in 1908 and 1909 about 170 broods
remained in the fall of 1909, which
have since diminished and were prob
ably finally destroyed by the severe
weather of December, 1910. In the
case of the Connecticut partridges, the
fact that shooting was prohibited for
only one season largely accounts for
their disappearance.
In Indiana pheasants, which have
been introduced for twelve or thirteen
years, have yielded only fair results,
while through the last few years' in
troduction of Hungarian partridges
there are, according to a recent esti
mate, 10,000 of these birds on the 160
preserves created by contracts with
farmers Pheasants have increased in
New Jersey as the result of three
years' planning, and partridges in Ne
braska from 124 pairs put out by the
state in 1907 augmented by $1,000
worth liberated by ranchers early in
1909 Chinese pheasants, introduced in
Idaho in 1908 and 1909, have become
established wherever fed and other
wise cared for. Delaware shows only
negative results from 100 pairs of part
ridges distributed in 1909.
The importation of foreign birds and
mammals shows a slight increase One
of the largest single shipments ever
reported came into New York from
Hamburg in a vessel which brought
11,661 canaries and other nongame
bird-s in one lot consigned to a New
York importer The chief importations
of mammals were Japanese dancing
mice and monkeys of various species.
Two mongoose from Havana were de
nied admission The game protection
legislation in 1910, though small in
laws passed, included several impor
tant acts. Onljr
two retrograde meas
ures are notedthe opening of a sea
son on robins, blackbirds and gulls in
Louisiana and the permitting of dove
shooting in July in Mississippi.
WEDDING DONTS.
Young Wife, Celebrating Divorce,
Gives Marriage Code.
To celebrate her divorce, Mrs. Roy
Hurwitz. twenty-two years old, of
Brockton. Mass., gave a dinner to her
friends and told them her opinion of
husbands. Here is a code of rules she
advises women to follow:
Pick out your own husband.
Don't let your mother's advice force
you into marrying.
Marry the man you love, provided he
has a good disposition.
Don't marry until you are out of
your teens.
If after marrying you find you are ill
mated by all means get a divorce.
A Fish Fence.
Bermuda will soon have a salt water
fishing preserve covering an area of
about five square miles. It will be
made by constructing a sill of con
crete across the single narrow open
ing which unites Harrington sound
with tl ocean and fixing a screen to
TV- p-it the exit of fish
THE POCKETKNIFE
Many Machines and Processes
Used in Its Making.
ART IN FORGING THE BLADES.
To Become an Adept In the Delicate
Work of Tempering Edge Steel Ne
cessitates a Long Course of Training
and Years of Experience.
The labor of making a pocketknife
is. as usual in every industry that is
carried on by the aid of a great deal of
machinery, much divided. Each blade
must go through six separate proc
essesfirst, forging second, laying
on the "tangs," that part which is in
serted into the handle and through
which the blade is riveted third,
marking or stamping with the name
of the manufacturer: fourth, "choil-
ing," or filing a depression in the neck
of the blade between the sharp edge
and the heavier part or "tang fifth,
tempering sixth, grinding.
All this applies to the two ordinary
blades of a knife Nail blades are sub
jected to still another processnamely,
the cutting of the file, which is a de
partment of work in itself.
Should we inspect the material room
of a knife manufactory we should find
heavy iron presses, which stamp out
from sheets of brass or iron the metal
scales and lining. The bright tips on
the end of the knife, called "bolsters,"
are pressed out of German silver un
der another heavy weight, which does
its work in one blow. Huge shears cut
from sheets of steel, used only for this
purpose, long strips that are afterward
fashioned under a press into springs
for the back of the knife.
The rod of steel from which the
blades are made is taken from the ma
terial room to the forge. Here one end
is put into a bed of hot coals, the bel
lows are pumped, and the end is soon
red.
The skilled forger then hammers the
blade into shape upon his anvil, and
so accurate is his eye and so exact his
hand that the blade does not deviate
a hair's breadth from the little brass
pattern that is before him and to
which each blade must correspond ex
actly.
The blade is next dipped in water
and becomes as hard and brittle as
glass. But the edges are rough. It is
nearly uniform in thickness and is a
light gray in color
Again the forger's skill is brought
into play in the tempering. Laying
the blades on a copper plate over the
fire, he watches them as they change
their hue with the degree of heat, first
to straw color, then to darker straw
and now to the dark purple which de
notes that the proper degree of heat
has been obtained. They are plunged
into cold water as fast as they reach
this point.
If the blades were allowed to remain
longer over the fire the steel would
change to a light blue and become so
soft that the blades could be bent
easily. This is perhaps the most im
portant process in the manufacture.
The blades are taken next to the
grinding room. The grinder must also
depend upon the accuracy of his eye
and the training of his hand, for as he
presses the blade on the rapidly re
volving stone, turning it on both sides
and grinding all its edges, he prac
tically finishes it. though afterward, in
the cutler's room, a higher finish is
given it.
From the "wheel room" the blades
go to the cutler's room, where they
find the other parts of the knife and
where all the parts are put together.
Each workman here is at work upon
a particular lot of knives, all of one
pattern. Upon his work bench are the
various parts of the knives, prepared
by other handsthe center scales that
separate the blades, the outer brass
scales of lining, with the German sil
ver bolsters, which have been secured
to the ends by a heavy drop hammer
the wood, ivory or pearl scales, the
springs and the wire rivets.
Each brass lining, with its covering,
is put in a vise, and holes are drilled
in it for the rivets. A brass wire is
thrust through the middle of the nan
die toward the back. This secures the
spring, and it is then broken off with
nippers and headed down with a ham
mer. This holds the scales and springs
Another rivet through the bolster se
cures one blade or two blades if the
knife has more than one blade bung
at each end.
The several parts are now put to
gether. The next process is "hafting"
or finishing the covers of the handle,
which is done on a leather wheel coat
ed with glue and emery. The rough
edges are rounded and smoothed, and
then the knives are carefully examin
ed to see if the cutler has done his
work properly.
If the spring works easily and the
blades close without striking the
knives are sent to the blade polisher.
On a wooden wheel covered with
fine leather the ordinary blades are
jiven a polish called a "glaze finish."
foner grades of knives are given a
"crocus finish"a mirror-like surface
on a leather wheel which revolves
very slowly, in order that the blades
shall not become heated and lose their
temper
The knives are now taken to another
room, where, on an oilstone, the keen
cutting edges are "set" This done.
the blades are closed, and the "bu2f
ing wheel" gives the final polish to the
outer side.Philadelphia Record.
That endless book, the newspaper,
Is our national glory. Henry Ward
Beecber.
THE PBIKCETCEST UyiQy, THUESBAT, JTTLT 20, 1911.
NORTHWESTERN HOSPITAL
AND SANITARIUM.
(ESTABLISHED 1900)
A private institution which combines all the
advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital
with the quiet and comfort of a refined and
elegant home Modern in every respect No
insane, contagious or other objectionable cases
received Rates are as low as the most effi
cient treatment and the best trained nursing
will permit.
H. C. COONEY, M. D.,
Jledical Director,
FLORENCE JOHNSTON. Superintendent
PROGRAM OF EXAMINATIONS
FOR
Common School Certificates,
Princeton High School Building and
Milica High School Building
July 31st and August ist and 2nd
Monday, July Slat.
(SECOND GRADE STUDIES
A M.8 00 Enrollment
8 30 Professional Test
9 30 Spelling
10 00 Anthmetic
P. 1 15 Geography
2 45 Composition
3 4o Reading
4 40 Penmanship
Tuesday, August 1st.
(SECOND GRADE STUDIES
A. 8 00 S History
9 45 English Grammar
11 30 Music
M1 15 Physiology-Hygiene
3 45 Civics
4 00 Agriculture
Wednesday, August 2nd.
(FIRST GRADE STUDIES
A 8 00 Enrollment
8 30 Geometry
10 15 Physics
P. 1 15 Algebra
2 45 Physical Geography or General
History
4 15 Drawing
If Professional Test consumes less than 60
minutes, Spelling and Arithmetic may begin
not to exceed 30 minutes earlier
UY EWING,
29-3tc County Superintendent
They Were All "Pills."
One of the fashionable east side
churches recently witnessed a fnnny
incident at a choir rehearsal. They
were preparing for the following Sun
day morning a beautiful selection, the
first words of which were. "1 am a
pilgrim." It so happened that the
music divided the word "pilgrim" and
made a pause after the syllable. The
effect was most amusing. The soprano
sang in a high key "I am a pil" and
then stopped. The tenor acknowl
edged that he was a "pil." and
when the bass came thundering in
with a like declaration, "1 am a pil."
it was too much for the gravity of
the singers, and they roared. No
amount of practice could get them
past the fatal pause without an out
burst, and the piece had to be given
upMusical World.
Clever Dwarfs.
Richard Gibson and his wife, who
flourished in the seventeeth century,
were a remarkable pair of dwarfs,
quite apart from their inches, which
combined barely made up seven feet.
Both were clever painters of minia
tures, and Gibson was drawing master
to the daughters of James II At their
wedding, which was arranged by
Henrietta Maria. Charles 1. gave the
bride away, the queen placed a valu
able diamond ring on her finger, and
Edmund Waller, the court poet, wrote
a poem in honor of the occasion. Gib
son was seventy-four when he passed
away, while his widow died at the
advanced age of eighty-nine years.
Madagascar's Two Climates.
The island of Madagascar has two
distinct climates, two classes of na
tives and two classes of fauna and
flora. The island is about the size of
France. Along the coast it is tropical
and malarious, and the natives are
darker than in the interior. The in
terior is a high tableland and moun
tainous. There the climate is cooler
and the natives smaller and lighter in
color than on the coast But in the
interior they are more intelligent, and
they rule the island.
Obliging.
Excited Author (rushing behind the
scenes)Why are you cutting out the
second and third acts of my play?
Manager1 am not cutting anything
out. I'm merely varying the order of
the acts. Several influential persons
in the audience have asked me if it
would not be possible to have the hero
die in the nest actChicago Tribune.
Philosophy.
Learn to be pleased with everything
with wealth, so far as it makes us of
benefit to others with poverty, for not
having much to care for, and with
obscurity, for being unenvied.Plu
tarch
First National Bank
A General Banking Busi
ness Transacted.
Loans Made on Approved
Security.
of Princeton, Minnesota. I
Paid up Capital, $30,000
Interest Paid on Time De
posits.
Foreign and Domestic Ex
change.
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission
or by the day.
Princeton State Bank
Banking Business
Capital $20,000
1
^-DoM'
Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
Farm Mortgages, SKAHEN,
Insurance, Collections. Cashier.
Security State Bank
Princeton, Minnesota
Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000
I JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier
Farm Lands Farm Loans
HcMillan & Stanley
Successors to
n. 5. RUTHERFORD & CO.
Princeton, Minnesota
We Handle the Great Northern Railway Co. Lands
I Have a Good Floor!
S~ It costs no more to have a smooth floor 3
than it does to be bothered with a cheap 3
g: splintery affair that needs repairing all 3
gr the time. It will pay you to examine our =2
E Clear Birch, No. 1 Hard Maple and Quarter
I PRINCETON LUMBER CO. 1
The Princeton Boot and Shoe Man
Farm Lands
Sawed Western Fir Flooring for Porches 3
E and Outside Cellar Doors. 3
S~ We have a large and select stock on 3
E hand. Our prices are reasonable and 3
2~ our service prompt. "We also carry a 3
E correctly graded stock of everything 3
g: else in lumber 3
QEO. A. COATES, manager |f
^lUUUUlUUlUUUiUUUUUiUiMUUUUUliUUUUlUiUlUUUui
The Shoe Bill is Big Enough
V^T'HEN the money is as wisely spent as
it possibly could be it takes enough
money, goodness knows, to shoe the house
hold without wasting any experimenting, be
cause you are experimenting unless you are
dealing in certainties. Yes, there are such
things as shoe certainties. "We can show
them to you any day. You are wise if you
deal in shoe certainties, and to do that you
have but to make a practice of coming here
for all your needs in footwear.
Yours truly,
Solomon Long

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