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THE NATIONAL BONEARTIST.
Man Who Mounts Skeletons For tt DIVISION GALLED DONE YARD. J. W. Soollick Mounts Everything From an Elephant to a BatWiring Bones Together Is Delicate Work and Gets on the NervesSmall Skeletons Mounted Against Glass. J. W. Scollick of the National mu seum in Washington is a craftsman in a trade with probably the smallest competition in the world. He is the official "bone man" of the government, or, in other words, the expert in charge of the work of cleaning, articulating and mounting skeletons at the muse um, a trade by itself and one requir ing infinite patience and great techni cal skill The removal of the National museum from the old to the new building has resulted in the division of skeletons beirg given larger quarters, and the display has been arranged so as to give it more prominence than ever. To employees of the museum and many visitors this division is known vs the "bone yard." Fcrliaps there is not the attraction in it for the a\ erage visitor that there :s in the display of mounted animals and the big cases of ethnological groups, but it is one of the most re markable collections in the whole mu seum Mr Scollick has been charge of this work for years The display in the museum is largely his work. The exhibits range all the way from a full grown elephant to a herring. Each of them represents weeks of tech nical skill apparentlv out of all pro portion to the finished result. Though there is more labor in the work, the larger skeletons are the easier to han dle The collection includes elephants, rhinoceroses, horses, gorillas, the lar ger monkevs, all sorts of deer, man himself and many mammals. Wires, Springs and Braces. Every bone in these big skeletons has to be drilled and articulated with wires, springs and metal braces. Al though these do not show, it is neces sary that they be put in place with mathematical precision to ghe the natural appearance. And then, too, everything must be scientificallv just so. It is this which makes the finished work apparently so easy, but in reality so difficult. The smaller skeletons, like lizards, small fish, bits and snakes, are not held together by wires Their own cartilage dned in place is used to hold them together This is one of the many reasons why a skeleton that is dned and mounted is never boiled. Not only would the boiling make the bones fall apart, but it would drive in the grease and make the bones yellow, the one thing not desired The fie^h is taken off the raw bones with a scraper and then the bones "^e care fully washed clean of grease with gas oline Acids are not used at all ex cept on rare occasions to remove a stain Carelessness Is Fatal. Great care must be exercised in the drying and blear mug of the bones This cannot be done a hot sun, because the hot mn will crack the bones, as it will seasoning wood From a bone artist's viev point the best bleaching weather is a gnu, drizzling day, when there is no dangei of the sun getting in its damaging work Sometimes the bones develop black streaks, but this can usuillv bo lemedied with the use of dilute ammonia From beginning to end the whole skeleton cleaning process is tiresome and is said to "get on the nerves" woise than anv other form of spec! men mounting cmiod on at the mu seum \Vc"ks ot (lei^mcr are required to orep"ie some of the small fish skele ton, '-or-ie which lw-u to be mount ed aga nst- gln^s to keep them prop erly assembled for di=pliv The bat skeletons, with thy- long, dedicate wings, are also mounted in this va SONG AFFECTS A TRADE. "Steamboat Bill" Increases Supply of Roustabouts. "If 'Steamboat Bill' had not made such a hit with the negroes in all parts of the Mississippi valley we steamboat men Mould ha\e been spar ed much trouble As it is, so manv want lobs that there are not enough places for them." This was the observation of a New Orleans steamboat man recently. The choius of "Steamboat Bill" runs: Steamboat Pill Steamboat Bill, Steaming down the Mississippi Steamboat Bill, a mighty man was he, Steamboat Bill steaming down the Missis sippi Going to beat the record of the Robert E. Lee It has not been Jong since the steam ers leading New Orleans had the greatest difficulty in hiring roust abouts to handle the cargoes of freight Suddenly, the mates say. they were literally besieged with ap plications, and they attribute the fact to the song "Steamboat Bill" A mate on one of the river packets arriving in New Orleans said: "The men say they want to get into the steamboat business and declare that they are indifferent as to the points on the river touched by the packets or bow long they are gone." Civil War Stories. There is noted already a revival of the civil war fiction story, due no doubt to the fact that this year com pletes a half century since the begin ning of that most stupendous conflict For a generation after Appomattox the "war story" was ubiquitous. Fiction ists found in the great struggle mate rial for life sized novels, novelettes, short stories and plays. Readers of those days finally got plenty and some more of war fiction, the subject palled, and there was a demand for other sorts. Consequently the Union lieuten ant hero and the fair Confederate heroine faded out of popularity. But now there is a new generation upon the stage, and there is a demand for new civil war fiction. There is no reason to doubt that this demand will be supplied amply in the next few years. Both the streets and the woods are full of fiction writers of measur able ability, who may be depended upon to take advantage of the public thirst for thrill a la war. The Ameri can civil war was replete with inci dents which need comparatively little surgical treatment at the hands of the doctors of imagination to be developed into readable stories. That war was rich in situations from which stories founded altogether upon fiction may be fabricated. Go to it, short and long story writers, and turn out some tales of true romance to offset the too per sistent shop talk of the "business story" of today. Give us some war sto ries to make the old fellows recall the sixties and implant in the new genera tion a sense of respect and reverence for the heroes of those days. Butplease don't ignore this advice ring a few changes on the Union lieu tenant hero and the fair Confederate heroine. Most of the older stories of the civil war told how Lieutenant Per kins of New7 Hampshire fell in love with Lucille Fairfax of Virginia, who scorned him (though she loved him) until he saved her brother's life. Poet Riley has given Indianapolis property worth $75,000 to build a li brary and public school administration building. If he doesn't look out he'll die poor, like Mr. Carnegie. Hot weather reduced the price of eggs in St. Louis to 7 cents a dozen, but were they really worth eating even at that rotten figure? Mr. Taft chooses to advance his pol icies by yachting trips rather than by using a knobby war club. A man with both dollars and sense knows the value of money. Picnics Still Popular. A writer in a city newspaper is sad because, as he imagines, the old fash ioned picnic is no more. He seems to think that modern conditions have put the picnic out of commission, that the average person of today is a little ashamed of it and declines to go on those once delightful excursions to the country when people spread their table cloths on the grass and ate a kind of communal dinner, with the viands pro vided by various familiesand were happy. The writer mentioned makes a big mistake. He makes it because he lives now in a large city. If he would go back to the town he lived in when he was a boy he would discover his error and apologize for it He would find that people still gather in a convenient grove and hold picnics, just as they did wrhen he was a boy. The Sunday schools, the churches, the lodges and other societies still have their picnics. Each housewife prepares the basket ful of foodthe best on earth, includ ing fried chicken, jelly roll cake, pies, cookies, sandwiches, and so forth. Th6 tablecloths are spred upon the grass, the various articles of food are distrib uted thereupon without regard to fam ily divisions, and everj body helps him self to whatever he likes. Of course there is something differ ent from the picnic of 1880 Instead of walking to the picnic grove or driv ing in the buggy, spring wagon or fam ily "hack" of thirty years ago, many people go nowadays by trolley or by automobile. Many others still use the old time conveyances, however There is just as much fun in the present day picnic as there was a generation ago. There may beno doubt there isa greater proportion of canned foods in the communistic "feed," but that is because canned foods have become possible and popular since you were a "kid" Human nature remains the same, and men, women and children still enjoy a picnic near to nature's heart It is announced that plans have been drawn for a hundred story building in New York, to be 1,200 feet high. Com munication with the moon will be pos sible shortly by simply taking the ele vator. It is disappointing to learn that heat baffled Aviator Atwood. We had thought flying was a particularly choice way to keep cool. In or out of office, Dr. Wiley is likely to keep gouging food and drug adul terators. He's got the habit i Swat the Fly. Wine, let your slogan be, "Swat the fly!" Hubby, do the same as she Swat the fly. Kiddies, like your parents act, Lest with switches you be whacked For your woeful lack of tact Swat the fly! The common housefly, it has been discovered, is one of the most perilous pests to which civilized man is sub jected. The fly is not merely a nui sance it is a distributer of disease germs and thereby a slayer of man kind. Flies alight in and walk through all kinds of filth, which adheres to their feet and legs. They carry it away and deposit it upon food, both the raw and exposed materials and the cooked product placed upon the table. They deposit the filth wherever they alight upon the human body or elsewhere. The fly, therefore, is not only disgust ing it is distinctly dangerous. The crusade which has for its slogan "Swat the fly!" is growing In force. The latest phase of the anti-fly cam paign carries the fight into the enemy's country and makes it aggressive as well as defensive. A New York physi cian urges the fly swatting operation to go on outside the house as well as indoors. He proposes public fly traps at every street corner to catch the pests. It is this doctor's hope that city and town authorities may take up the matter officially and make the swat ting of the fly a municipal as well as a household matter. Indications are that in a few years the swatters will become almost as active as the flies and that Mr. and Mrs. Housefly and their myriad prog eny will be reduced to a comparatively small family. This is a consummation most devoutly to be wished. Swat the fly! Aviator Atwood started from Boston June 30 and reached Washington July 11 by aeroplane. The distance is 568 miles. Of course it was a great achievementas an aeroplane voyage but if you're in a hurry and want to go from Boston to Washington you'll save time by taking a railroad train. Just about a year from now Blank and Blank will be nominees for presi dent on the Republican ticket, opposed by Blank and Blank on the Democratic ticket Blank and Blank will be elect ed too. The express purpose of Congressman Victor Murdock seems to be to go after the goat of the express companies. One way not to worry about mos quitoes Is to think of something else while they bite you. Man Is a Social Animal. Nearly half the people in the United States live in incorporated towns or cities of 2,500 or more inhabitants, ac cording to the latest census statistics. The returns for 1910 show that when the census was taken 4G.3 per cent of the population was urban and 53.7 per cent rural, the latter classification in cluding those who live on farms or in towns of less than 2,500 people. From 1900 to 1910 the percentage of. urban ites increased from 40.5 to 46.3, and twenty years ago only 36.1 of the total population was classed as urban. These figures show that in spite of the opening of millions of acres of new agricultural lands the city popu lation is increasing faster than the country population. This is also de spite the fact that in the past twenty years the telephone, the trolley and the rural mail delivery system have been extended to the farms in thou sands of communities. These improve ments, it would seem, should make farm life more attractive and turn the tide of population from city to coun try. The reverse being the case, what are the causes for such an apparently anomalous situation? A satisfactory reply to this question would go deep into the domain of sociology, but a few surface explanations may be offered. In the first place, while there are more farms there are also more cities and towns than there were twenty years ago For instance, Oklahoma City in 1890 was a mere village a few months old. Now it is a thriving city of about 75,000 people. In Oklahoma and other western and southwestern states are many cities and towns which were not on the map a score of years ago. Wherever new agricultural regions are populated new towns must spring up, and this accounts in part for the increase of urban population But the older cities and towns also show unusual growth for the most part hence the problem is reduced to the final analysis by recognition of the fact that man is a social animal and likes to live close to neighbors. Considering the large number of per sons who claim to be Mayflower de scendants, it seems not unlikely that some of them are merely distant rela tives of persons who have ridden on the president's yacht the Mayflower. Mr. McCreary alternates between the governorship of Kentucky and the United States senate. Now somebody has nominated him for vice president. Has any one sighed lately for. an old fashioned hot summer? THE PRIlsrCETOK TJKIOK: THURSDAY, JULY 20, 1911. "The Cinch of the Century." Congressman Victor Murdock of Kansas, who has a habit of saying what he means, has characterized the business privileges of the express com panies as "the cinch of the century." He calls attention to the general inves tigation of the express business or dered recently by the interstate com merce commission and says that it will open up an interesting dark chamber in the modern business world. The ex press companies have filed a schedule of lower rates to take effect Aug. 1. Mr. Murdock remarks that this shows that they already are running to cover. "For many years," sajs an editorial writer in the Pittsburg Press, "the parcels delivery at the hands of the express companies has been a means of systematized plundering It is esti mated that they collect yearly not less than $50,000,000 over and above a fair remuneration for the service rendered The postal department has ready to hand in the free rural delivery system the instrumentality for taking over the express business." There is evident on everj hand a disposition to do something toward gi-ung the public a more equitable ex press service. In some of the Euro pean countries eleven pound packages lire carried by post at eight cent rates. This is said to be highly remunerative to the government. It is believed by some persons of au thority who have studied the problem that the extension of the parcels post to cover packages up to a certain weight and size at a rate found profit able in other countries will so enlarge the postal revenue as to give us a one cent letter rate. It is not conducive to good humor to consider the fact that the express com panies, by their exorbitant rates and the powerful lobby they have main tained at Washington in order to re tain their monopoly of the business, have kept all of us paying a double letter postage. But that is only one of the grievances which the American public has against the express trust. "Dead In Auto Crash" is becoming altogether too frequent as a newspaper headline. Automobile drivers should be at least as careful as engine drivers. Speaking of straw i rs, an eastern firm advertises the hakhak and the lallapaloosa as specialties. Until we have an official national flower perhaps the Mayflower will have to do. Odds are 1,000 to 1 that If there Is racing there is betting. Co-operative Forest Fire Protection. Under the terms of the Weeks law passed by congress last winter several states have entered into co-operative agreements with the United States de partment of agriculture providing for the expenditure by the government of a sum not exceeding $10,000 in any one state during next year toward meeting the expenses of forest fire protection. Among the states first to take advan tage of this new law are Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New Jersey and Wisconsin. Each state agrees to ex pend in this work an amount equaling that contributed by the national gov ernment. The state authorities are required to submit a definite plan showing in de tail exactly what it is proposed to do. There is to be an organized and ef fective system of administration by state officers. The funds of the federal government will be used solely for paying patrolmen, who are to be se lected by the state officials, subject tc the approval of the department of ag riculture. The basic Idea Is that efficient fire protection can be given only by the development of a carefully worked out, well manned and capably officered scheme, which studies the situation beforehand and makes provision for the most effective disposal and use of the available forces, with a view both to preventing fires from getting start ed and concentrating upon them quick ly if they do get started. Indications are that the states gen erally will take advantage of this gov ernmental proposition. In that event it is highly probable that the annual losses from forest fires will be reduced to a minimum. GUARANTEE OF QUALITY AND PURITY Copenhagen Snuff is made of the best, old, rich, high- flavored leaf tobacco, to which is added only such in- gredients as are component parts of natural leaf tobacco and absolutely pure flavoring extracts. The Snuff Pro- cess retains the good of the tobacco and expels the bitter and acid of natural leaf tobacco. AMERICAN SNUFF COMPANY, HI Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. .M**^* M4M*44 |.4 Look Around and Don't Get Stuck There a difference in the quality of lumber,and in the prices too,-and unless you look around a bit before placing your bill for that newwell, whatever it is you are going to build-you're mighty apt to get stuck What the use of taking chances anyway We 11 be only too glad to make you an estimate on whatever you want in lumber or any kind of building material, and if we can prove that its to your advan- tage to buy from us then you can go elsewhere But get our figures before buying CALEY LUMBER CO. BENJAHIN SOULE, Manager I Glendorado Farmers' Mutual Fire Insurance Co, O. H. UGLEM, President CHAS. D. KALIHER, Treasurer Insurance in Force $1,300,000 Average cost to members but one-half of that charged by old line companies. For further information write J. A. Erstad, Secretary MtM L. C. HUMMEL Dealer i a Fresh and Salt Meats, Lard, Poultry, Fish and Game in Season. Both Telephones. Main Street, (Opposite Starch Factory.) Princeton, Minn. Freer, Minn. IMW^,^^^,^!^^^!,^)^^^^^ G. GQTTWERTH, Dealer In Prime Meats of Every Variety, Poultry, Fish, Etc. Highest market prices paid for Cattle and Hogs. Main Street, Princeton. Job Printing and Job Printing THEREcaredtwo kinds of Job Printingcnat which is neat and artisti an that which possesses neither of these qualities. The Princeton Union makes it a point to turn out none but the former kind, and the Union finds this easy because it has* the type, machinery and skilled labor with which to accomplish it. Nothing Looks Worse Than Botched Job Printing'. It is a drawback to the business of a merchant or anyone else who uses it. Botched Job Printing suggests loose methods. Then why not use the kind printed by the Union? It costs you no more and gives the public a good impression of your business. The Princeton Union is prepared to execute every description of Commercial and Fancy Printing at short notice and nominal prices. If you are in need of letterheads, noteheads, billheads, statements, cards, posters, programs, wedding invitations or any other work in the printing line, an order for the same placed with the Union will insure its being produced in an at- tractive and un-to-date style. U/ye PRINCETON UNION Princeton, Minnesota.