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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, September 07, 1911, Image 2

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016758/1911-09-07/ed-1/seq-2/

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Written In 1799.
The will was written by General
Washington himself at Mount Vernon
July 9, 1799. It was presented for pro
bate in the Tairfax county courthouse
Jan. 20, 1S00, a little over six months
after General Washington had com
pleted writing the document.
There are forty-two pages of manu
script in the will, including the actual
will and notes made by General Wash
ington for the better explanation of
provisions of the will. At the bottom
of each page Washington signed his
name, by this means obviating the ne
cessity of having the will witnessed.
The first thought of the Father of His
Country when he made his last will
was that all of his debts should be
paid, and after the first paragraph, in
which he states his name and that he
was "lately president of the United
States," he says:
"All of my debts, of which there are
but few and none of any magnitude,
are to be punctually and speedily
paid."
The first item of the will, however,
is as follows:
"To iny dearly beloved wife, Martha
Washington, I give and bequeath the
use, profit and benefit of my whole es
tate, real and personal, for the term of
her natural life, except such parts
thereof as are especially disposed of
hereafter."
Views on Slavery.
The very next item in the will shows
beyond peradventure that General
Washington was inclined to do away
with slavery in this country. He says:
"Upon the decease of my wife it is
my_ will and desire that all the slaves
which I hold in my own right shall
receive their freedom. To emancipate
them during her life would, though
earnestly wished by me, be attended
with such insuperable difficulties, on
account or* their intermixture by mar
riages with the dower negroes, as to
excite the most painful sensations, if
not disagreeable consequences, from
the latter, while both descriptions are
in the occupancy of the same proprie
tor, it not being in my power under the
tenure by which the dower negroes
are held to manumit them. And,
whereas among those who will receive
freedom according to this devise
therv may be some who from old age
of bodily infirmities and others who
Vm account of their infancy that will
be Tunable to support themselves, it is
my will and desire that all who come
under the first and second descriptions
shall "be comfortably clothed and fed
by ray heirs while they live and that
such of the latter description as have
no parents Irving, or if living are un
able -or unwilling to provide for them,
bhall "be "bound by the court until they
shall arrive at the age of twenty-five
years, and in cases where no recoid
can be produced whereby their ages
can be ascertained the judgment of
the court upon its own view of the
subject shall be adequate and final.
"The negroes thus bound are (by their
masters or mistresses) to be taught to
read and write and to be brought up
to some useful occupation, agreeably
to the laws of the commonwealth of
Virginia providing for the support of
orphans and other poor children, and
I hereby expressly forbid the sale or
transportation out of the said com
monwealth of any slave I may die
possessed of, under any pretense what
soever."
Gave $4,000 to School.
General Washington bequeathed $4,-
C-00 toward"the support of a free school
established at and annexed to the
Alexandria academy.
The value of inland waterways to
the United States was foreseen by
General Washington. In his will he
mentions the fact that at his sugges
tion the Virginia legislpture enact
a law for the purpose of extend
the navigation of James river f.o^~
OOO COO'*'*
WASHINGTON'S
PRESENTED I N
Authentic Copy Found by
Heyburn In a Second
Hand Book Store.
Hi|-.i....litt.
THpresentewillnanad
E last testament of
George Washington is to be
i senate docu
ment and will come from Un
cle Sam's press soon. Just before the
last session of congress closed Senator
Heyburn of Idaho discovered an au
thentic copy of the will in a second
hand book store in Washington. So
much interested was the Idaho sena
tor that he purchased the copy and
then obtained the permission of the
senate to have the document publish
ed at the expense of Uncle Sam.
In none of the other writings of the
first president of the country are his
character, his firmness and his fairness
better exemplified than in this same
will and testament, which in the edi
tion which is to be published by the
senate is quaintly entitled "The Last
Will and Testament of George Wash
ington of Mount Vernon."
The original will be kept at the Fair
fax county courthouse in Virginia,
where it was originally filed by Gen
eral Washington himself. The docu
ment is jealously guarded by F. D.
Richardson, the clerk of the court. It
is kept in a steel fireproof safe, and
when visitors come to the out of the
way courthouse the will is taken from
its resting place and proudly exhibit
ed. It has been bound in handsome
leather binding and may be scanned
easily by the visitors.
|II'I|I ti i ii|Q
WILL IS TO E
SENATE DOCUMENT i
Character of the Father
of His Country Plainly
Shown In Contents.
OOO rnQ-rt-t-f .i. mi
i
i i
I
o
tidewater to the mountains, and also
a law for opening the navigation of
the Potomac river from tidewater to
Fort Cumberland.
Virginia presented to General Wash
ington 100 shares in the company
which was to develop the James river
and fifty shares in the company which
was to develop the Potomac river as a
token of the esteem of the common
wealth. But General Washington, as
ne declared in his will, refused to ac
cept these shares for his own use, but
agreed to take them and use their pro
ceeds for the public benefit. He says:
Stock Was Refused.
"The acceptance of these shares of
stock was refused as inconsistent
With a principle which I had adopted
and had never departed fromnamely,
not to receive pecuniary compensation
for any services I could render my
country in its arduous struggle with
Great Britain for its rights and be
cause I had evaded similar proposi
tions from other states in the Union."
General Washington then launches
into a pet hobby, the establishment
of a great national university at the
seat of government, the District of
Columbia, and declared that he would
leave the fifty shares in the Potomac
river company to aid in establishing
that university. He says:
"That as it has always been a source
of serious regret with me to see the
youth of these United States sent to
foreign countries for the purpose of
education, often before their minds
were formed or they had imbibed any
adequate ideas of the happiness of
their own, contracting too frequently
not only habits of dissipation and ex
travagance, but principles unfriendly
to republican government and to the
true and genuine liberties of mankind,
which thereafter are rarely overcome.
"For these reasons it has been my
ardent wish to see a plan devised on a
liberal scale which would have a
tendency to spread systematic ideas
through all parts of this rising em
pire, thereby to do away local attach
ments and state prejudices as far as
the nature of things would or indeed
ought to admit from our national
councils.
Favored Great University.
anxiously forward to the
accomplishment of so desirable an ob
ject as this (in my estimation), my
mind has not been able to contem
plate any plan more likely to effect
the measure than the establishment of
a university in a central part of the
United States, to which the youth of
fortune and talent from all parts there
of might be sent for the completion of
their education in all the branches of
polite literature, in arts and sciences
in acquiring knowledge in the prin
ciples of politics and good govern
mentand (as a matter of infinite im
portance in my judgment) by associat
ing with each other and forming
friendships in juvenile years, be en
abled to free themselves in a proper
degree from those local prejudices and
habitual jealousies which have just
been mentioned and which, when car
ried to excess, are never failing sources
of disquietude to the public mind and
pregnant of mischievous consequences
to this country."
The present George Washington uni
versity in Washington,, named after
the first president, is designed to car
ry out his wishes fa regard to a great
central university.
General Washington, as shown by
his will, was a wealthy man as wealth
went at the time of his death. He
gives a partial list of his holdings,
which were scheduled to be sold to
pay various legacies and which
amounted to $530,000 in value. His
property was located in many places,
including Washington, Charles county
and Montgomery county, Md. Lou
doun, Fauquier, Berkeley, Frederick,
Hampshire, Gloucester and Nanse
mond counties, Va. the great Dismal
swamp, the Ohio river valley, New
York, Pennsylvania, northwest terri
tory and Kentucky.
The executors named in the will
were Mrs. Washington, William Au
gustine Washington, Bushrod Wash
ington, George Steptoe Washington,
Samuel Washington and Lawrence
Lewis, all nephews of General Wash
ington, and his ward, George Wash
ington Parke Custis.
CAUGHT TWENTY FOOT SHARK.
Skipper Says It Knocked Crew of Five
Men Overboard Before It Died.
The ice laden schooner Maud Palmer
of Bangor, Me., loafed into the ancient
port of Georgetown, D. C, with the
tail and fins of a twenty foot man eat
ing shark nailed to the foremast. Cap
tain Dudley of the*Maud volunteered
that the shark measured exactly twen
ty feet one and seven-eighths inches
and added that after it had been cap
tured by throwing over the spare an
chor with a large piece of pork stuck
on each fluke the shark had revived
dnd after a: terrific battle had knocked
the*^htire cre-tf of five men overboard.
Lncklly the Maud did not have much
headway on, and the crew swam to
the port chains and climbed up in
time to see the shark die.
WHITE TO PROVE
HE 18 KIMMEL
Auburn, N. Y Prisoner Will
Soon Visit Niles, Mien.
$25,000 IS AT STAKE.
Man Who Says He Is Kimmel, a For
mer Kansas Banker, Has Been Im
prisoned Under the Name of White
For Five Years.
The little city of Niles, Mich., is
soon to witness a strange homecom
ing. A prisoner now confined in the
penitentiary at Auburn, N. Y., will be
released Sept. 15. In prison he is
known as Andrew J. White. He
claims to be George A. Kimmel, for
mer banker of Arkansas City, kan
missing since 1898. Niles is the for
mer home of Kimmel. He was rear
ed and went to school there.
Upon whether White the prisoner is
in reality Kimmel the former banker
depends not only the solution of a
puzzling mystery, but also involves
the payment of $25,000.
Stake Is $25,000.-
Kimmel had $25,000 life insurance.
The beneficiary is Mrs. Mary Bonslett
of Chicago, his sister. The insurance
company is resisting the payment of
the policy on the ground that White
is Kimmel and that, being alive, there
is no occasion for the payment of the
policy. Belatives say they have proof
that Kimmel must long since have
died, that White is an imposter, that
the money is due and, should be paid
the sister and sued to recover it.
Events and scenes of former years
recalled in letters received at Niles
many people regard as conclusive
proof that White is Kimmel. Some of
hese letters have been received by
Henry Kephart, an old friend of the
Kimmel family, who lives at Berrien
Springs, ten miles north of Niles. Mr.
Kephart is convinced beyond doubt
that White must be Kimmel because
of the happenings they have recounted
in their letters which could not possi
bly be known to an imposter, he says.
She Says He's Kimmel.
One to whom the prisoner also has
written many times is Mrs. Henry
Lardner. She was a close friend of
the Kimmel family years ago. when
Niles was their home. Her husband
is equally warm in his friendship for
Kimmel.
There are still many, however, who
do not believe that Kimmel is living,
and who are willing to back their
opinions with money. Among these
is Dr. F. N. Bonine, who declares he
is willing to put up from $100 to $500
either as a bet or as a gift to any
charitable organization on the propo
sition that the real George Kimmel
does not come to Niles when the
strange prisoner at the Aubum, N. Y.,
penitentiary is released. The physi
cian means by this that if this pris
oner comes to Niles his not Kimmel.
Says He's Betting on Sure Thing.
The physician believes he is bettiog
on a sure thing because of a slight
operation he says he performed on the
real Kimmel when Kimmel was a
youth. This was an operation on one
of Kimmel's eyes that left a small
scar, almost too slight now since- the
years have passed to be noticed with
out the aid of a magnifying glass*
Soon after the discovery of White,
who claims to be Kimmel, and it be
came settled fact that the insurance
company intended to resist the pay
ment qf the $25,000 insurance on his
life, Dr. Bonine made a trip to Au
burn prison at the instance of an at
torney for Mrs. Bonslett. The doctor
went to the prison with the attorneys
and, after some persuasion, Kimmel
consented to let the physician exam
ine his eyes. Dr. Bonine then asked
the prisoner to step to a window and
the Niles specialist took out a micro
scope and took several rapid but thor
ough glances at both the prisoner's
eyes.
The Scar Wasn't Th*re.
One glance was enough to satisfy.
He was looking for the scar from the
operation he had performed.
He found not the slightest trace of a
scar and that instead of Kimmel's
black eyes he looked into clear blue
eyes with pupils that dilated and con
tracted naturally, indicating to the
specialist that they had never been
affected by either disease, injury or
operation.
Under the name of Andrew J. White
the man was found guilty of lar
ceny in Cattaraugus county, N. Y.,
and was sent to Matteawan, N.'Y., to
the state asylum for the insane. He
later regained his sanity and was
transferred to the penitentiary at Au
burn. His sentence of five years com
muted for good behavior expires
Sept. 15.
Philadelphia Wages Raised.
The boilermakers and helpers em
ployed in the water bureau of the de
partment of public works of the city
of Philadelphia have obtained an in
crease in their wages. The increase
amounts to $4 per week to both the
boilermakers and the helpers, besides
better conditions.
First Electric Railway.
The opening of the first electric rail
way occurred only thirty years ago.
The first electric line was one and
one-half miles long and extended from
Berlin to a military school in the sub
orbs. Ther^e was one car, which car
ried twelve passengers.
THE PBiyCETOK TTNTOK THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1911.
NORTHWESTERN HOSPITAL
AND SANITARIUM.
(ESTABLISHED 1900)
A private institution which combines all the
advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital
with the quiet and comfort of a refined and
elegant home Modern in every respect No
Insane, contagious or other objectionable cases
received Rates aie as low as the most effi
cient treatment and the best trained nursing
will permit
H. C. COONEY, M. D.,
fledical Director,
FLORENCE H. JOHNSTON. Superintendent
JOHN BARRY
Expert Accountant,
I Orer 30 Years Experience.
I 1011 First Ave. North
I MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.
(First Pub Aug 24)
Order Limiting Time to File Claims
Within Three Months, and
for Hearing Thereon.
ESTATE OF ABRAHAM ORR
State of Minnesota, County of Mille Lacs
In Probate Court
In the matter of the estate of Abraham
Orr, decedent
Letters of administration this day having
been granted to Emma Janette Orr, and it ap
pearing by the affidavit of said representative
that there are no debts of said decedent
It is ordered that the time within which all
creditors of the abc^e named decedent may
present claims against his estate in this
cpurt, be and the same hereby is limited to
three months from and after the date heieof,
and that Monday, the 27th day of November,
1911, at 10 o'clock a in the probate court
rooms at the court house at Princeton said
county, be, and the same hereby is, fixed and
appointed as the time and place for hearing up
on and the examination, adjustment and allow
ance of such claims as shall be presented
within the time aforesaid
Let notice hereof be given by the publica
tion of this ordc in the Princeton Union, a
weekly newspaper printed and published at
Princeton, in said county, as orovided by law,
by the publication thereof once in each week
for three consecutive weeks
Dated August 23rd. 1911
Wsi SANFORD
(Court Seal) Judge of Probate
CHAiiLis N ORR
Attorney for Petitioner
St Paul Minn
Growing Old
Is a Habit
Avoid it by using the great
builder of Brawn and Brain
Malt and Hop Tonic
Runs up run down systems.
Delicious, too.
Every Drop a Help to Health
For sale at all drug stores.
Ma^e By
Theo. Hamm Brewing Go.
St..Paal. Minn.
FUNERAL TORTURE.
Ways of the Wives When a Bororo In
dian Dies.
On the death at a Bororo Indian the
wife tears, out handfuls of her hair
and throws it on his corpse, says a
writer in the July Wide World Maga
zine. At intervals during the first day
after his death she shakes him, as
though wishing to bring him back to
life, aad kisses his cold brow. Her
efforts beng in vain, she retires and
the Baire approaches. He proclaims
that the man has died for the sins he
committed during his life. Then the
relatives paint bis body witr* 'urucu,"
aa ointment made out of the root
of a wild tropical plant. Gorgeous
leathers of the most varied hues
are then strewn over him, and the
corpse is wrapped up in a matting of
straw. The moment before the burial
the wives approach one after the other
and cover his feet with the blood drop
ping from the wounds and gashes they
have inflicted on their backs and arms.
This ceremony is followed by an
other. Three Indians appear dressed
In the clothesif the few rags they
wear can be called thusof the dead
laan and begin singing and dancing.
In the meantime the corpse is carried
to the "Bahyto," a huge mound in the
center of the colony, and should the
dancing and singing Indians become
tired before it is reached three others
take their places. The body lies on the
mound three days. Then the Baire
goes to the mound and, seating him
self at the foot of the dead man, is
supposed to receive his soul in keeping.
A General Banking
ness Transacted.
Loans Made on
Security.
Farm Loans
First National Bank
of Princeton, Minnesota.
Paid up Capital, $30,000
Busi-
Approved
Interest Paid on Time De
posits.
Foreign and Domestic Ex
change.
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission
or by the day.
Princeton Statew Bank
Capital $20,000
Doi & G*nral
Farm Mortgages,
2 Insurance, Collections.
Security State Bank
Princeton^ Minnesota
Capital $32,00O Surplus $4,000
JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier
Farm Lan ds Farm Loans
ricMillan & Stanley
Successors to
n. S. RUTHERFORD & CO.
Princeton, Minnesota
We Handle the Great Northern Railway Co. Lands
I Have a Good Floorf
8~ It costs no more to have a smooth floor E2
E than it does to be bothered with a cheap 3
splintery affair that needs repairing all 3
E the time. It will pay you to examine our 5
ECtesar Birch, No. 1 Hard Maple and Quarte rs
Sawed Western Fir Flooring for Porches 3
E and Outside Cellar Doors. 3
We have a large and select stock on
hand. Our prices are reasonable and
our service prompt. We also carry a
correctly graded stock of everything
else in lumber
I PRINCETO N LUMBE CO 1
r GEO. A. COATES* Hanager 3
^UiiUUUUUmUUiUiUiUiUiUAiUiUiUUlUUUlUiUiUlUUliuS
Florsheim Shoes
The Princeton Boot and Shoe Man
vwvwvw
Banking Business
Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
J. J. SKAHEN,
Cashier.
Farm Lands
V^T'E are sole agents for the Forsheim
Shoe in this town. Any man who
puts his money into a $4.50 or $5.00 Flors
heim Shoe need not wonder if he will get it
out again. This shoe never disappointed a
wearer. We have also the
Buster Brown Shoe
for children, and many other good brands.
Come in and see for yourselves.
Yours truly,
Solomon Long

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