Victory Claimed by Both
the Liberals and Con
reciprocity campaign in Can
ada is nearly over, and both
parties in the struggle are con
fident of a victory on Sept. 21,
and both apparently believe their
prophecies. Tons of campaign litera
ture have been sent throughout the
Dominion The government literature
tells the electors that reciprocity
natural products has been the avowed
policy of all Canadian governments,
Liberal and Conservative, since con
federation and that it means increas
ed prosperity for the Canadian pro
ducer without hurting either him or
the consumer. The Conservative lit
erature tells the same electors that
when Canada really wanted reciprocity,
and wanted in vain, the country was
young and unable to offer a home mar
ket valuable enough to keep the farm
er going. It also tells him that reci
procity leads to commercial union and
that commercial union means annexa
tion and the end of British traditions
in North America.
Generally speaking, these two sets of
opinions are the substance of what
platform orators have been giving to
the people of Canada in all of the
Sir Wilfrid Laurier held only one
meeting in the province of Ontario and
has since been campaigning his own
province of Quebec, endeavoring by
the force of his personal influence with
the French Canadian electorate to
stem the tide of nationalism. The
most pressing danger to the govern
ment is to be found in the Nationalist
campaign headed by Henri Bourassa,
a former Liberal, in Quebec.
Bourassa, who is the grandson of
Louis Papineau, a French Canadian
patriot of bygone days, has broken
with his old leader and has recently
acquired extraordinary strength in
Quebec as the champion of the so call
ed rights of the French Canadian mi
nority. He is making his fight on the
naval policy of the Laurier govern
ment and the participation by Canada
in British foreign quarrels and wars
He refuses to admit that reciprocity
is the main issue before the country,
and in a large section the younger Lib
eral element sides with him
To the extent that he is against
Laurier, Bourassa is with the Conserva
tives, although he denies that he is in
league with them or thinks with them.
The fact remains that if his campaign
(succeeds the Laurier government will
no longer be able to count upon the
substantial majority hitherto contrib
uted by the province of Quebec, and
added to this comparatively slight
Conservative gains in the other prov
inces would mean the defeat of the
Laurier government and the end of
Borden, the Conservative lead
er, will close his campaign in Quebec.
Mr Borden has spent most of his time
in Ontario, a province which gave him
a majority in the last parliament,
which majority he hopes to increase.
Ontario and Quebec to Decide.
Ontario and Quebec between them
must decide the election. A landslide
in either province will send the gov
ernment out of power or will send it
back stronger than it ever was. It is
not too much to say that the Laurier
ministers are absolutely confident of
cfae latter result. They are paying
much attention to Ontario and Que
bec, but are at the same time giving
more care to the maritime provinces
NIZAM OF HAIDARABAD.
Premier Prince of Indian Empire Had
Annual Income of $10,000,000.
Asaf Jah Nizam-ul-Mulk, the nizam
of Haidarabad and the premier prince
of the Indian empire, who died recent
ly, was born Aug. IS, 18G6, and suc
ceeded his father, the Nizam Afzul-ud
daula, on the latter's death, Feb. 2G,
The late nizam belonged to a family
of the highest antiquity and impor
tance among Mohammedan rulers, be
ing lineally descended from the first
caliph, Abu Bakr, the successor of
the prophet. The area of the state of
Haidarabad is 82,698 square miles and
occupies the central part of that re
gion of India which is called the Dec
can. It has a population of 11,141,142,
of whom 0,S70,S30 are Hindus. About
1,000,000 are Mohammedans, and the
ruling class is of the Mussulman re
ligion. The dominions include the
city of Golconda, which now lies in
ruins. The late ruler was the ninth in
succession from the Mogul chieftain
Asaf Jah, Nizam-ul-Mulk, the found
er of the dynasty.
The nizam was*said to have had at
his disposal an income of about $10,-
'0,000 annually, and he entertained
lavishly His collection of jewels,
which contained many gems of al
most priceless worth, was one of the
most magnificent in India. Among
was the historic crown
of rubies brought to the court of Gol
conda in 1503 as a gift from the Shah
Abbas, king of Persia, and the enor
mous diamond Lnown as tLe Nizam.
)oo oot o
Much Depends on Vote In
Ontario and Quebec.
than has been noticeable in past elec
R. L. Borden and W. S. Fielding,
the minister of finance, who is the
minister individually most responsible
for the reciprocity agreement, are both
Nova Scotia men, and both will have
to fight hard for their own seats.
In the provinces west of Lake Su
perior little change is looked for. The
Conservatives are strong in Manitoba,
aided by a strong provincial govern
ment, and will be able to avert exten
sive losses even in the constituencies
where the grain growers, the most ar
dent advocates of reciprocity, are in
Saskatchewan and Alberta are al
ready almost solidly Liberal, so that
there Is little for the government to
gain and little for the Conservatives
to lose in those provinces.
The only fight of much interest is in
Edmonton, where Frank Oliver, minis
ter of the interior, is combating a
split among his own party. British
Columbia is already overwhelmingly
Conservative and is expected to re
Some Holding Aloof.
One of the big features promised by
advance agents of the campaign is
lacking. Premier McBride of British
Columbia, Robert Rogers, minister of
public works in Manitoba, and other
leading provincial Conservatives were
billed to join in the fight as federal
candidates. None of them is running,
and Liberal campaign students find in
this circumstance as indication that a
Conservative victory is not looked for
among Conservatives of the inner
Two other things must be noted,
each of them of outstanding impor
tance in the campaign.
First.Clifford Sifton has taken the
stump and is aggressively opposing
his old ministerial colleagues. Sifton
was long regarded as the ablest man
of the Laurier cabinet He was min
ister of the interior. Sifton broke with
the government half a dozen years
ago, gave up his portfolio and re
mained in parliament as a private Lib
eral member. He is chairman of a
permanent commission on conserva
tion, established by the government
Mr. Sifton is opposing reciprocity on
the same ground taken by the Con
servatives. His influence is likely to
account for some government losses.
Second.The Ontario government,
headed by Sir James Whitney (Con
servative), has thrown its whole
weight into the campaign against reci
procity. Sir James Whitney holds
strong views as an imperialist and
dislikes the prospect of closer relations
with the United States. His minister
of lands, forests and mines, Frank:
Cochrane, is organizing for the fed
eral Conservatives in Ontario. Mr.
Cochrane is the minister most closely"
in touch with the timber and pulp'
wood interests of Ontario, which, it
is said, may be adversely affected by
the Mann clause of the American bill.
In any Canadian campaign the odds
are with the administration for the
time being. It is so in this case, but
not enough to weigh heavily where so
important an issue as reciprocity is at
stake. The campaign now being
waged is regarded on both sides as the
most important since confederation.
It is perhaps the most bitter and sav
age ever fought in the Dominion.
Each side asserts that American
money is helping the other. Sir Wil
frid Laurier has announced that if he"
is defeated he will retire to private
RODE ON AN AVALANCHE
Engineer and Son Slide 2,000 Feet
Down Mountain Side.
W. L. Brown of San Bernardino^
Cal., a civil engineer, rode for 2,000
feet down the side of IS^ount Grayback
on an avalanche of ice and snow and
Is alive to tell of his experience. He
was accompanied on the wild ride by
his thirteen-year-old son, Lawrence.
While far up on the slope of the big
peak young Brown started a bowlder
rolling down the mountain. It crashed
into rocks and logs on the slope with
such force that it jarred from its place
a huge ice pack. The snow gave "way,
and Brown and his son found that
they were on the crust that was slip
ping down the mountain side.
Brown was seated on the snow eat
ing an orange when the avalanche
started, and his son was thrown from
his feet as the slide gathered in speed
and tore over the rocks to the bottom
of the ridge far below. They escaped
death only for the reason that they
were near the top of the avalanche.
The bottom as it struck the saddle be
tween Grayback and Mount San Ber
nardino broke up.
They would have been crushed to
death or buried alive had they been at
the bottom of the pack. The ice and
snow were about eight feet deep.
Anointed With Holy Oil.
Egferth of Mercia, 785 A. D., was
the first recorded English king to be
anointed at his coronation with holy
MAY BE FLOATED
Hulls Sunk 0(f Cuba's South
Coast Worth Saving.
THE OPINION OF ENGINEERS.
All the Battleships Have Been Looted
Except the Colon, Which Was Pro
tected From Vandals by Four Fath
oms of Water.
President Taft's recent message to
congress asking that it be determined
whether the Spanish men-of-war sunk
in the battle of Santiago thirteen years
ago should be given away and Secre
tary Knox's opinion that the wrecks
belong to the United States have re
ivived speculation as to the possibility
of refloating the ships. Engineers
.who have studied the location of the
three battleships and two torpedo
boats think salvage is practicable and
would warrant its expense.
Seven miles west of the narrow
mouth to Santiago (Cuba) harbor lies
the first of Cervera's bottled up battle
ships, the Almirante Oquendo. She is
beached in the breakers of Juan Gon
zales, with about one-third of her hulk
visible above the whitecaps. Long
ago she was stripped of every portable
article by wreckers who braved a wa
tery grave for the prizes she was re
puted to have held. They took every
thing they could pry loose, including,
report has it, many thousand golden
coins from the ship's safe. Recent in
spection has shown that the Almirante
Oquendo was looted of even the copper
rivets which held her fixtures in place.
Admiral Cervera's flagship, the Vir
caya, lies eight miles farther down
the rocky coast, as much a victim of
the depredations of ocean junkmen as
the Oquendo. A third of her form
breaks the land line, and it is believed
that there would be comparatively lit
tle difficulty in recovering her, with
other ships of the Spanish fleet, al
though she would be worthless, it is
thought, as a vessel of war.
May Find Treasure.
Nearly two hours' sail from the Yiz
caya, at Rio Torquino, forty-eight
miles from Santiago, is the third of
the four Spanish ships, the Cristobal
Colon. The Colon has been preserved
from the hand of the vandal by four
fathoms of water above her. Locked
in her safe there is said to be a large
amount of money. Aboard her noth
ing has been disturbed since she was
silenced by American guns and run
ashore to prevent her capture. The
water is comparatively deep at the
point where she lies, and the land
rises abruptly from the sea, a sheer
precipice of considerable proportions.
Her salvage probably would be the
most difficult of the three, engineers
The history of the fourth vessel of
the fleet, the Infanta Maria Teresa, is
well known. She was floated by Lieu
tenant Richmond P. Hobson of Merri
mac fame and lost off Cat island, in
the West Indies, while in tow of an
American war vessel on her way to
an American port during a squall.
Engineers have declared her not wor
thy of a second attempt at salvage.
The two secondary vessels of Ad
miral Cervera's fleet, the torpedo boats
Furor and Pluton, lie submerged not
far from the harbor entrance. The
safe of the Pluton and easily porta
ble articles from her deck and cabins
have been recovered. The Furor is
practically undisturbed. Both lie in
comparatively shallow water.
UNIQUE QUESTION RAISED.
Woman Forbidden to Vote Because
Husband Is Not a Citizen.
Judge Frank H. Rudkin, sitting in.
the United States district court for
eastern Washington in Spokane, will
be called on to pass upon several legal
problems of international importance'
When counsel for Mrs. Maude E. Black,
.wife of James H. Black, a stonema^
son, presents an application for a writ
of mandamus to force the clerk to, is
sue naturalization papers for the wo
Mrs. Black has been declared an
alien, though she was born in the Unit
ed States and has never set foot on
foreign soil, involuntarily becoming a
British subject by marrying a native
of Canada in the United. States- several
years ago. The district clerk holds
that she cannot be restored to citizen
ship until her husband swears alle
giance to the United States. This,
Mrs. Black declared with emphasis,
she will not permit her husband to do.
"I was born in the town of Weyau
wega, Waupaca county,. Wis., thirty
eight years ago, aad my forbears
fought tn the Revolutionary and civil
wars," Mrs. Bteck said. "My people
have been Americans for more than
135 years, and yet I am classed as an
alien. I have never stepped outside of
the United States, but the clerk of the
federal court declares I cannot vote
until my husband becomes an Ameri
can citizen. I did not know I had
'married away my legal rights."
Frozen In Glacier Fourteen Years.
^Tourists crossing the Loetschen gla
cier, Switzerland, saw deep down in
the Clear ice the faces of two dead
men. Guides chipped out the frozen
bodies with their ice axes and brought
them to the surface. They are prob
ably those of two London tourists
named Bemebecke and Coin, who dis
appeared fourteen years ago.
THE PBIKCETOX TIKIOK THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1911.
A private institution which combines all the
advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital
T7ith the quiet and comfort of a refined and
elegant home Modern in every respect No
insane, contagious or other objectionable cases
received Kates are as low as the most effi
cient treatment and the best trained nursing
H. C. CGONEY, M. D.,
FLORENCE JOHNSTON. Superintendent
Over 30 Years Experience.
1811 First Ave North
t^Ifotices under this head will be inserted
at one cent per word No advertisement will
be published this column for less than 15 cts
LOSTOn Saturday, between Prince
ton and Baldwin, an auto jack.
Fifty cents reward will be paid to
the person who retruns the same to
Swan Olson. ltc
FOR RENTOne nice room down
stairs suitable for students. R. M.
Stiaon, one block south of Catholic
FOR SALEA potato digger, cheap.
B. Frifczell, Route 4r Princeton, ltc
FOR SALEBarred Plymouth Rock
coekreJs, prices- reasonable. Call
or write The Peterson Poultry
Farm, Princeton^ Minn., Route 5,
one-mile north or Freer store, ltp
FOR SALEThree good horses,
weighing about 3,000, 1,100 and
1,300 pounds. Apply to C. H. Nel
son, Roadstrom's store. 37-tfc
FOR SALETwo s-how cases 6 feet
long by 2$ inches high. Scheen's
FOR SALE160 aevsa of ]and, one
mile west of town. Apply to H. L.
Matais, Princeton. 33-tfc
FOR\ SALE.A nine-room house and
two lots on Main street. Price
$11,400'. Apply to G** E. Rice. 17-tfo
WAHTEDSeveral bright young
man, with salary guaranteed, to
tak orders for portrait enlarge
nsa&s. Inquire aS Payette's Studio,
Ffi$ auction sales, write or telephone
Schuyler Hoyt, Big Lake, Minn.
Notice is hereby given that' bids
will be received by the board of
county commissioners of Mille Lacs
cotmty, Minnesota, for one carload of
soft egg coal, to be delivered in coal
shed on court bouse grounds- on or
before the 10th day of October, 180:1
bids to be filed with the county audi
tor of said coanty on or before the
3rd day of October, 1911. The board
reserves the Tight to reject any and
Chairmaa of the Board of County
STATEMENT OF THE CONDITION OF
Soo State Bank
of Wahkoa, Minnesota
at close of business am Sept 1. 1911 Date of
call by Supt Sept 7 1911 Data of report by
bank Sept. 7,1911.
Loans and discounts $41,436 09
BanJang house, fuaniture and fixtures 2,000 00
Due-from banks SI (A2 42
Total cash assois
STATE OP MINNESOTA,
$2,793 47 82,793 47
Total immediate liabilities $17,014 20
Time certificates 13,217 73
Capital stooi.. S15,0C0 00
Surplus fund 230 00
Undivided profits net 167 63
Deposits subject to check $17,014 20
Total deposits $30,231 93 530,231 93
County of Mille Lacs
We, Charles Keith, president, and Frank
Morneau, cashier, of the above named bank, do
solemnly swear that the above statement is
true to the best of our knowledge and belief
CHARLES KEITH, President
FRANK MORNEATJ, Cashier
Correct I E EVEN S. iTwnTiirpetorsr)KCerl
Attest 1 S. S PETTERSON
^e^^ Do a (Antral
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 11th
day of SeptemDer, 1911
[Seal] JNO PETTERSO N. Notary Public.
My commission expires June 9,1914
First National Bank
of Princeton, Minnesota.
Paid up Capital, $30,000
A General Banking Busi
Loans Made on Approved
Interest Paid on Time De
Foreign and Domestic Ex
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission
or by the day.
Princeton State Bank
Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
Insurance, Collections. Cashier.
Security State Bank
Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000
JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON. Cashier
Farm Land Farm Loans i
HcMillan & Stanley
n. 5. RUTHERFORD & CO.
We Handle the Great Northern Railway Co. Lands
Farm Loans Far Land
I Have a Good Floor
g~ It costs mo more to have a smooth floor 3
than it does to be bothered with a cheap 3
g: splintery affair that needs repairing all 3
the time. It will pay you to examine our 3
Clear Birch,. No. 1 Hard Maple and Quarter
E Sawed Western Fir Flooring for Porches 3
sE and Outside Cellar Doors. 3
8~ We have a large and select stock on 3
hand. Our prices are reasonable and 3
|E our service prompt. We also carry a 3
correctly graded stock of everything 3
gp else in lumber 3
I PRINCETON LUMBER CO.
If GEO. A. COATES, Hanager 3
The Princeton Boot and Shoe Man
\X/E are sole agents for the Forsheim
Shoe in this town. Any man who
puts his money into a $4.50 or $5.00 Flors
heim Shoe need not wonder if he will get it
out again. This shoe never disappointed a
wearer. We'have also the
Buster Brown Shoe
for children, and many other good brands.
Come in and see for yourselves.
J. J. SKAHEN,
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