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THE SHIP CAPTAIN
His Life Pays the Penalty if His Vessel Be Wrecked. SAD TRAGEDIES OF THE SEA. Brave and Skillful Mariners Who Went to Death With Heroic Calmness When Disaster Overwhelmed the Craft Committed to Their Care. For this is the law without excuse For all of the lords of the sea That each must hold his ship from harm Whatever the odds may be There are many tragedies of the sea that the world knows very little about, or, knowing, very soon forgets. These are the tragedies of the men whose lives have been spent in the hard and exacting service which the sea de mands, whose long years of toil and zeal and skill have brought the high responsibilities of command and whose careers have been cut short by the fault of an houryea. even by the er ror of a minute. The old rubric that those who never make mistakes have had few oppor tunities for making them does not ap ply here. There is never a voyage that does not have its possibility of error, and in many of them arise the sudden emergencies which bring the acid test of presence of mind, cool judgment, expert seamanship and skill. Let these qualities fail the master mariner in his time of need, and, no matter what might have been the stress of body or brain, or of both, his professional ca reer is at an end, if the lapse involves disaster to his ship. There is that veteran mariner Cap tain Frederick Watkins He it was who commanded the City of Paris when the old Inman liner came stag gering to port with the Atlantic waves swashing about her hold and surging against her bulkheads, the result of a fog shrouded impact with an iceberg. The liner was thronged with passen gers The unforeseen danger came near to sending her and her thousand souls to the bottom, but the energy, re sourcefulness and skill of her com mander brought her safe to porta deed to be long remembered. It was remembered up to a few years ago, when a slight miscalcula tion on the part of Captain Wat^ms sent his vessel upon the Manacle rocks, on the Cornish coasr. Now you may search all of the obscure places of the earth and you may not locate him. There was the Pnnzessm Victoria Luise of the Hamburg-American line, which drove hard upon the coral beach at Port Royal, in the island of Ja maica. The vessel was thronged with tourists, making a jaunt to the West Indies. Fortunately the sea was calm, and there was no difficulty in getting passengers ashore. When the last had been safely landed the captain went to his stateroom and put a bullet through his brain. The pitiable part of it all was that he had no need to It was not the brain he shattered that was at fault, but the Kingston earthquake, which had destroyed the lighthouse Captain Griffith of the Mohegan stood on the bridge of his fast sinking ship until the waters engulfed him Deloncle ot the French liner Bour gogne, sunk ID mid-Atlantic by a col lision with the British steamship Cro martyshire, was last seen on the bridge, with hand on whistle cord, as his esse! took the long dive. Von Goessel of the Elbe went down with his ship, standing with folded arms upon the bridge as the vessel slowlv sank One ot the saddest tragedies ot the sea was tbe wreck of the British steamship Waiearapa, which went ashore on Gieat Barrier island whi'e on a voyage from Sjdney to New Zea land As the vessel neaied the en trance to thp harbor ot Auckland a thick fog shut in. Captain Mcintosh, who commanded her, had been many years in the service of the line and was reputed to be very careful and capable, but while the steamer w7as groping her way through the mist it was noted that be was exceedingly nervous and depressed When night came the fog was so thick that the lookouts could not see half a ship's length ahead A few min utes past midnight there was a sud den crash, which laid the steamship almost on her beam ends, disabling all of the boats on the careered side Cap tain Mcintosh was on the bridge at the time A great wound which had been torn in the vessel's side showed the extent of the disaster. As soon as he realized that his ship must be come a total Joss the captain strode to the end of the bridge and. exclaim ing "This is the last watch!" plunged overboard to his death.Walter Scott Meriwether in Munsey's Magazine. Those Buried Treasures. "My speech was rather lengthy, I am afraid." said the young statesman, "but 1 assure you that it contains numerous gems of thought." "Perhaps," replied Mr. Growcher. "but I have never allowed myself to take the slightest interest in these stories of buried treasures."Washing ton Star. Question For Question. GibbsWhat an aggravating habit Jones has of answering a question by asking another. DibbsYes I've no ticed that. Last night I asked him if he'd lend me $5. and he replied by ask ing me if I took him for a darned fool. Boston Transcript. He is the best physician who is the most ingenious inspirer of hope Coleridge. ANCIENT ARITHMETIC. Solve Problems Schoolboys Had to Thirty-six Centuries Ago. There is a ray of vindictive comfort for the modern schoolboy in. the fact that for over o,600 years his schoolboy progenitors have been worried by just such problems in arithmetic as annoy him most Among the archaeological discoveries made in Egypt is a papyrus roll, in excellent condition, dating from about 1700 B. C. This roll, which had a long heading beginning, "Directions how to attain the knowledge of ail dark things," proves beyond doubt that the Egyptians of that time had a thorough knowledge of the elements of arithmetic. Numerous examples show that their principal operations with units and fractions were made by means of ad dition and multiplication. Subtrac tion and division were not known in their present form, but correct results were obtained nevertheless. Equations are also found in the papy rus. Here is one that brings the Egyp tian schoolboy home to us: Ten measures of barley are to be di vided among ten persons in such man ner that each subsequent person shall receive one-eighth less than the one before him. Another example given is: There are seven men each one has seven cats each cat has eaten seven mice each mouse has eaten seven grains of bar ley each grain of barley would have yielded seven measures of barley. How much barley has been lost? The papyrus also contains the calcu lation of the area of a circle, attempts to square the circle and finally calcula tions of the cubic measurements of pyramids.New York Tribune. ENLIVENED THE SCENE. But Hero's Improvisation Did Not Help Leander Much. Innumerable are the tales of actors in difficulties. Here is one related of Christian Brandes, the dramatist, who in his youth belonged to a strolling company which played pieces of an extremely primitive kind. On one occasion the play was enti tled "Hero and Leander," the dialogue being left pretty much to the discre tion of the players. I had been agreed, however, that Hero was to be coy and not confess her love for Lean der till he had again and again ex pressed his readiness to be hanged, burned and drowned in her behalf. But the lady was soft hearted, besides being exceedingly fond of Brandes, nor could she listen unmoved to the first passionate pleadings of the youth, who explained that he had swum across the Hellespont to see her. "My dear Leander," she exclaimed, "I can not resist you. Accept my hand and my heart." Leander knew not what to say. All his prepared phrases were useless. The manager came to his aid with a loud whisper addressed to Hero, "In the fiend's name, improvise a few words and retire!" The poor girl, turning to the audi ence, repeated her lesson. "In the fiend's name, I improvise a few words and retire," and then tripped off the stage, greatly relieved.London Graph ic. A Rossini Joke. Rossini promised a place in the opera orchestra to a trombonist and then forgot about it, says the Musical Courier. At one of his dinner parties the butler announced the visit of this same protege. Rossini hastened to wel come him and, relieving him of his in strument, disappeared a few moments, to return with his friend. Handing the instrument to the trombonist with a re quest to let the company hear him, Rossini prepared to listen. Trombone to lips, the musician rosedismay, no sound, cheeks bulging, eyes distended. In vain the unhappy man makes super human efforts to produce harmonious sounds. At last! Oh, effort supreme! With a sound like a hoarse goose cackle there shoots from the trombone a mass of sticky macaroni. "No harm, my friend," said Rossini "you have proved yourself a strong musician." And the next day the coveted position was offered to the trombonist.Boston Transcript. Sunlight and Germs. Here is an instructive experiment made recently on the effects of sun light Some germs of the terrible dis ease, anthrax, were sown on two plates of gelatin, and while one plate was kept in the dark the other was placed in the sunlight. The germs grew, and at the end of ten minutes there were 360 colonies or groups in the sunshine plate and 400 colonies in the dark plate. One hour later the result was: In the sunshine plate, none in the dark plate, 2,520. No disease germ thrives in sunlight Modesty. Modesty is one of the sweetest and most desirable qualities one can pos sess, and yet too much modesty hin ders advancement. When this quality is overdeveloped it antagonizes aggres siveness, without which no great suc cess can be attained. Parried. WifeA tree, you know, gets new clothes every yearhat, parasol, every thing. HusbandYes, darlingand makes them all itself. What She Might Catch. SheThey say there are germs In kisses. What do you suppose a girl could catch that way? HeA hus band.Exchange. Resist thy inclinations in the begin* ningThomas a Kempls. **c ^Mfe^w, THE PRINCETON UNION: THUBSDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1911. TRAPPING EAGLES. The Chinese Get Them With a Baited Net and a Decoy Bird. Every year, according to an old cus tom, in the second quarter of the Sep tember or October moon, the inhabit ants of the Chinese province of Shan tung go to Mongolia to hunt the eagles which abound that region. The huntsmen march in troops along the roads, carrying on their shoulders long poles from which are suspended their baggage and provisions and on which are perched tame eagles to be used as decoys. The hunters make use of a large net, spread open on the ground and baited with small dried fishes, in the midst of which is placed a tame eagle. The decoy naturally begins to devour the bait and thus invites its wild cousins to follow its example. When the birds have alighted and are feeding the hunter, from his hiding place two or three hundred yards distant, quickly closes the net by means of cords and thus captures the eagles. Eagle hunting is very lucrative. The feathers are used in the manufacture of fans and are sold at a high price even in China. There are three sorts Kicpei, black with white centers Che ma, white spotted with black Tout sing, half white and half black. Sev eral eagles contribute to the making of a fan, for only a small part of the plumage can be utilized hence these fans are very costly. ANIMAL EVOLUTION. Changes In the Partridges of the Ca nary Islands. A remarkable example of the effects of environment and changed condi tions of life upon the forms of ani mals is furnished by a species of par tridge living in the Canary islands. Over 400 yeais ago the Spaniards in troduced the red legged partridge from Europe into these islands, and the bird has continued to flourish there but, as recent examination proves, it has unanother. dergone modifications clearly brought about by the conditions under which it lives. Its back has turned from russet color to gray. This looks like pro tective coloration, since the bird passes its life among gray volcanic rocks. Its beak has become one-fourth longer and thicker than that of its ancestors and of its European rela tives, and its legs also have increased in length and grown stouter. These changes are exactly such as were needed to suit it to the life that it is now compelled to lead amid the rocks and on the mountain sides of the islands, where a more rigorous physical development is required than was needed in its former home.Har per's Weekly. Mighty Queer. The negro on occasions displays a fine discrimination in the choice of words, says the National Monthly. "Who's the best whitewasher in town?" inquired the new resident. "Ale Hall am a bo'nd a'tist with a whitewash brush, sah," answered the colored patriarch eloquently. "Well, tell him to come and white wash my chicken house tomorrow." "Uncle Jacob shook his head dubi ously. "Ah don't believe, sah, Ah'd engage Ale Hall to whitewash a chicken house, sah "Why, didn't you say he was a good whitewasher9" "Yes, sah, a powe'ful good white washer, sah, but mighty queer about a chicken house, sah mighty queer.'* Tennyson's Bird Sounds. Perhaps the best word for the cry of the cricket is that of Tennyson. "Not a cricket chirr'd," he writes in "In Me moriam." But Tennyson was always curiouslj* exact in his vocal rendering of the songs of birds. What could be truer to sound than "the moan of cloves in immemorial elms?" Then, too, the linnet, the robin and the thrush "pipe," the woodpecker "laughs" and "mocks." the lark and the plover "whistle." the iay "scritches," the par rot "screams," the peacock "squalls," the blackbird "warbles," while the ocean fowl "shriek" and the eagl "yelps."London Graphic. High Finance. "What makes him look so solemn? He gets his month's salary tomorrow." "That's just the trouble. His wifr and his mother-in-law allow him 50 cents a week out of it and he's tryinc to make up his mind to strike for dollar!"Atlanta Constitution. Balked. "You got a raise in pay, didn't you?" "Yes, but it didn't do me any good "Why not?" "I talk in my sleep, and my wife found out about it."Toledo Blade. Pretty Steady. "That Jones boy who used to work for you wants to hire out to me. Is he steady?" "Steady? If he was any steadier he'd be motionless."Judge. Great Britain's Great Seal. Measuring six inches in diameter and made of silver, the great seal of Great Britain is kept in the custody of tbe lord high chancellor, and a new onereports is prepared for each reign. Actions. Every man's actions form a centei of influence upon others, and every deed, however trivial, has some weight in determining the future destiny of the world. Our history contains the name of no one worth remembering -who led a life of ease.Roosevelt. Vit, 1 TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO 1 The railroad is coming and the Union is happy. Track laying was commenced at the Elk River end of the railroad on Tuesday morning. A man is judged by his deeds, not by his professions. Hell is paved with good intentions. Louis Erickson of Wyanett is the choice of four-fifths of the voters of that town for county commissioner. Nowadays men who do not know the difference between a pumpkin and a squash claim to be genuine farmers. The Minnesota annual conference returned Rev. J. S. Bouck bo the Princeton charge for the second year. Mrs. S. Sinclair and daughter, Minnie, returned from Illinois Tues day. They spent a pleasant time among their friends in the Sucker state. A. DeLacy Wood of the Sauk Rapids Free Press, who is an inde pendent candidate for the legislature in this district, was in town Monday forenoon. With a north and south railroad there is no reason why Mille Lacs county should not soon become one of the richest and most prosperous counties in the state. Auditor Engberg, Treasurer Daniel son and Register of Deeds Danielson of Isanti county are honest and efficient officials and the convention acted wisely in renominating them. D. M. Clough had it in his power to defeat Mr. Barker in the Anoka con vention. But when Dave Clough gives his word he stands by it. He does not say one thing and mean Sheriff Howard is going over the county subpoenaing jurors. Art is one of the lucky dogs. He has twice been elected sheriff without opposition and he will have a walkover again this election. At the republican town caucus in Milo on Saturday the following dele gates were elected to the county con vention: John A. Emmons, Ernest Axt, Daniel Bonney, Charles Bonney John Kennedy, A. K. Bailey, Julius Foss and J. Berkman. There is one young lady in this vil lage to whom, when we meet her on the street, we always make it a point to raise our hat. Reason: She has| been grossly slandered by things they call men. She is poor and has no in fluential friends, but she is as pure as the virgin snow. People like the man who has a mind of his own and does what he thinks is right regardless of consequences. Time servers and men who are afraid of giving offense are out of place in this matter-of-fact world. A manly liar is preferable to a sneaking, in sinuating hypocrite. State News. Mayor Blodgett of Faribault pro hibited moving pictures of the Jesse James raids from being shown at a theater therean act to be com mended. The charges of Alfred Stringer against the fire commissioners of Hennepin county have been dismissed by Governor Eberhart upon the grounds that they are not sustained by the evidence. Word has been received of the death of Thomas Nickerson, one of the oldest pioneers of Elk River at his home at Los Angeles, Cal., aged 87 years. He settled at Elk River in 1867, and built the first sawmill there. He moved to Los Angeles six years ago for his health. In a well-lighted store at 513 Henne pin avenue, Minneapolis, last Friday night yeggmen blew the safe, using two charges of nitroglycerine, and no one disturbed them in their work al though there are two patrolmen on that beat. And,'furthermore, the safe was plainly discernible from the street. But this is not surprising for Minneapolis. Selling a State's Farms. Massachusetts has been making successful efforts to dispose of the unoccupied farm lands in the state. Legislation to this end was started in 1909 and was continued this year. The matter was placed by the legisla ture in the hands of the state board of agriculture, which adopted a method of issuing a catalogue containing a general description of the soil, climate, farm products and markets of the state, as well as details con cerning the individual farms on the market. Secretary J. Lewis Ellsworth now that the board has sold one hundred farms at an average price of about three thousand dollars, and that about three hundred and sixty farms still remain listed for sale. This method of handling a state's unoccupied land seemstobe a pretty good one. A purchaser is likely to rely upon the state's description of the land and to feel that he is fairly safe in accepting it as accurate. Minneapolis Journal. s"'d ^*r^g4y* 1* r*" Main Street, 4 1"l 1 1 I I 1 W" PH'fl'H"! I i-^^^^^ "i J: ^,mm^iM%m ,.'M.,flfr* ^%^^^nwyim^-^z^$^iJ^i''WWi FREE to remind our patrons of tne superior beauty of BELDING'S Ouronlyrequest is that you buy six skeinsof Belcting'sSilks needed to commence the pillow-top which, together with illustra- ted diagram lesson.will cost you only 25cpillow-top and back are, included free, also list of 1911 designs. Come In today and se what wo are offering *fc Don't delay. F. T. KETTELHODT Princeton, Minn. *.fr*4..M^*****^***^********^***^^ tglTWill Photograph Anything', Anywhere at Any Time Clement's Photographs are as good as the best He makes photographing family groups at their homes Old people a specialty Stock, build- ings, etc Send a post cam to box 34 or call on me over Mark store and I will $- be with you Post card printing Bring in your negatwes or films and I will print your *$* cards for 4 tents each cards for 4 cents each CLEMENT Pril*CetOI* Ads in The Union Bring Results You Know Me HHHHHBM EXCLUSIVE AGENT G. H. GOTTWERTH, Deafer In Prime Meats of Every Variety, Poultry, Fish, Etc. Highest market prices paid for Cattle and Hogs. J. M. JOHNSON EWELER MAKE a specialty of repairing all kinds of com- plicated watches and clocks. If you have old, worn out jewelry bring it to me and I will make it like new on short notice. & Day or Night."^ $- business of Don't go up against a nut shell game or a three card monte/ sell no junk, I won't have it around, and when I say to you that Stickney Gasoline Engines are the best, my reputation is at stake and if it isn't so I am here to back it up. Buy a Stickney from me and you will get an en- gine with an outside igniter, a perfect cooling system, an automatic mixer, a ball bearing governor and an engine that contains true value in every pound. I will give you your money's worth, you know me. Henry Uglem HENRY UGLEM Long Siding, Minn. 0*+^t+**^*m^*tm***^^^^m+% Princeton. ^^A^M^NlMMM^^' *'ll|Ill *'M"1111 l't'*f 111 1'1H"*H" til I IIH 11' -v*u^4-,u^^^v^vttfA,*.,-a^v.A^ .jfe.