THE SHIP CAPTAIN
His Life Pays the Penalty if His
Vessel Be Wrecked.
SAD TRAGEDIES OF THE SEA.
Brave and Skillful Mariners Who Went
to Death With Heroic Calmness
When Disaster Overwhelmed the
Craft Committed to Their Care.
For this is the law without excuse
For all of the lords of the sea
That each must hold his ship from harm
Whatever the odds may be
There are many tragedies of the sea
that the world knows very little about,
or, knowing, very soon forgets. These
are the tragedies of the men whose
lives have been spent in the hard and
exacting service which the sea de
mands, whose long years of toil and
zeal and skill have brought the high
responsibilities of command and whose
careers have been cut short by the
fault of an houryea. even by the er
ror of a minute.
The old rubric that those who never
make mistakes have had few oppor
tunities for making them does not ap
ply here. There is never a voyage that
does not have its possibility of error,
and in many of them arise the sudden
emergencies which bring the acid test
of presence of mind, cool judgment,
expert seamanship and skill. Let these
qualities fail the master mariner in his
time of need, and, no matter what
might have been the stress of body or
brain, or of both, his professional ca
reer is at an end, if the lapse involves
disaster to his ship.
There is that veteran mariner Cap
tain Frederick Watkins He it was
who commanded the City of Paris
when the old Inman liner came stag
gering to port with the Atlantic waves
swashing about her hold and surging
against her bulkheads, the result of a
fog shrouded impact with an iceberg.
The liner was thronged with passen
gers The unforeseen danger came near
to sending her and her thousand souls
to the bottom, but the energy, re
sourcefulness and skill of her com
mander brought her safe to porta
deed to be long remembered.
It was remembered up to a few
years ago, when a slight miscalcula
tion on the part of Captain Wat^ms
sent his vessel upon the Manacle rocks,
on the Cornish coasr. Now you may
search all of the obscure places of the
earth and you may not locate him.
There was the Pnnzessm Victoria
Luise of the Hamburg-American line,
which drove hard upon the coral beach
at Port Royal, in the island of Ja
maica. The vessel was thronged with
tourists, making a jaunt to the West
Indies. Fortunately the sea was calm,
and there was no difficulty in getting
passengers ashore. When the last had
been safely landed the captain went
to his stateroom and put a bullet
through his brain.
The pitiable part of it all was that
he had no need to It was not the
brain he shattered that was at fault,
but the Kingston earthquake, which
had destroyed the lighthouse
Captain Griffith of the Mohegan
stood on the bridge of his fast sinking
ship until the waters engulfed him
Deloncle ot the French liner Bour
gogne, sunk ID mid-Atlantic by a col
lision with the British steamship Cro
martyshire, was last seen on the
bridge, with hand on whistle cord, as
his esse! took the long dive. Von
Goessel of the Elbe went down with
his ship, standing with folded arms
upon the bridge as the vessel slowlv
One ot the saddest tragedies ot the
sea was tbe wreck of the British
steamship Waiearapa, which went
ashore on Gieat Barrier island whi'e
on a voyage from Sjdney to New Zea
land As the vessel neaied the en
trance to thp harbor ot Auckland a
thick fog shut in. Captain Mcintosh,
who commanded her, had been many
years in the service of the line and
was reputed to be very careful and
capable, but while the steamer w7as
groping her way through the mist it
was noted that be was exceedingly
nervous and depressed
When night came the fog was so
thick that the lookouts could not see
half a ship's length ahead A few min
utes past midnight there was a sud
den crash, which laid the steamship
almost on her beam ends, disabling all
of the boats on the careered side Cap
tain Mcintosh was on the bridge at
the time A great wound which had
been torn in the vessel's side showed
the extent of the disaster. As soon
as he realized that his ship must be
come a total Joss the captain strode
to the end of the bridge and. exclaim
ing "This is the last watch!" plunged
overboard to his death.Walter Scott
Meriwether in Munsey's Magazine.
Those Buried Treasures.
"My speech was rather lengthy, I am
afraid." said the young statesman,
"but 1 assure you that it contains
numerous gems of thought."
"Perhaps," replied Mr. Growcher.
"but I have never allowed myself to
take the slightest interest in these
stories of buried treasures."Washing
Question For Question.
GibbsWhat an aggravating habit
Jones has of answering a question by
asking another. DibbsYes I've no
ticed that. Last night I asked him if
he'd lend me $5. and he replied by ask
ing me if I took him for a darned fool.
He is the best physician who is the
most ingenious inspirer of hope
Problems Schoolboys Had to
Thirty-six Centuries Ago.
There is a ray of vindictive comfort
for the modern schoolboy in. the fact
that for over o,600 years his schoolboy
progenitors have been worried by just
such problems in arithmetic as annoy
Among the archaeological discoveries
made in Egypt is a papyrus roll, in
excellent condition, dating from about
1700 B. C. This roll, which had a
long heading beginning, "Directions
how to attain the knowledge of ail
dark things," proves beyond doubt that
the Egyptians of that time had a
thorough knowledge of the elements
Numerous examples show that their
principal operations with units and
fractions were made by means of ad
dition and multiplication. Subtrac
tion and division were not known in
their present form, but correct results
were obtained nevertheless.
Equations are also found in the papy
rus. Here is one that brings the Egyp
tian schoolboy home to us:
Ten measures of barley are to be di
vided among ten persons in such man
ner that each subsequent person shall
receive one-eighth less than the one
Another example given is: There are
seven men each one has seven cats
each cat has eaten seven mice each
mouse has eaten seven grains of bar
ley each grain of barley would have
yielded seven measures of barley.
How much barley has been lost?
The papyrus also contains the calcu
lation of the area of a circle, attempts
to square the circle and finally calcula
tions of the cubic measurements of
pyramids.New York Tribune.
ENLIVENED THE SCENE.
But Hero's Improvisation Did Not Help
Innumerable are the tales of actors
in difficulties. Here is one related of
Christian Brandes, the dramatist, who
in his youth belonged to a strolling
company which played pieces of an
extremely primitive kind.
On one occasion the play was enti
tled "Hero and Leander," the dialogue
being left pretty much to the discre
tion of the players. I had been
agreed, however, that Hero was to be
coy and not confess her love for Lean
der till he had again and again ex
pressed his readiness to be hanged,
burned and drowned in her behalf.
But the lady was soft hearted, besides
being exceedingly fond of Brandes,
nor could she listen unmoved to the
first passionate pleadings of the youth,
who explained that he had swum
across the Hellespont to see her. "My
dear Leander," she exclaimed, "I can
not resist you. Accept my hand and
Leander knew not what to say. All
his prepared phrases were useless.
The manager came to his aid with a
loud whisper addressed to Hero, "In
the fiend's name, improvise a few
words and retire!"
The poor girl, turning to the audi
ence, repeated her lesson. "In the
fiend's name, I improvise a few words
and retire," and then tripped off the
stage, greatly relieved.London Graph
A Rossini Joke.
Rossini promised a place in the
opera orchestra to a trombonist and
then forgot about it, says the Musical
Courier. At one of his dinner parties
the butler announced the visit of this
same protege. Rossini hastened to wel
come him and, relieving him of his in
strument, disappeared a few moments,
to return with his friend. Handing the
instrument to the trombonist with a re
quest to let the company hear him,
Rossini prepared to listen. Trombone
to lips, the musician rosedismay, no
sound, cheeks bulging, eyes distended.
In vain the unhappy man makes super
human efforts to produce harmonious
sounds. At last! Oh, effort supreme!
With a sound like a hoarse goose
cackle there shoots from the trombone
a mass of sticky macaroni. "No harm,
my friend," said Rossini "you have
proved yourself a strong musician."
And the next day the coveted position
was offered to the trombonist.Boston
Sunlight and Germs.
Here is an instructive experiment
made recently on the effects of sun
light Some germs of the terrible dis
ease, anthrax, were sown on two
plates of gelatin, and while one plate
was kept in the dark the other was
placed in the sunlight. The germs
grew, and at the end of ten minutes
there were 360 colonies or groups in
the sunshine plate and 400 colonies in
the dark plate.
One hour later the result was: In
the sunshine plate, none in the dark
plate, 2,520. No disease germ thrives
Modesty is one of the sweetest and
most desirable qualities one can pos
sess, and yet too much modesty hin
ders advancement. When this quality
is overdeveloped it antagonizes aggres
siveness, without which no great suc
cess can be attained.
WifeA tree, you know, gets new
clothes every yearhat, parasol, every
thing. HusbandYes, darlingand
makes them all itself.
What She Might Catch.
SheThey say there are germs In
kisses. What do you suppose a girl
could catch that way? HeA hus
Resist thy inclinations in the begin*
ningThomas a Kempls.
THE PRINCETON UNION: THUBSDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1911.
The Chinese Get Them With a Baited
Net and a Decoy Bird.
Every year, according to an old cus
tom, in the second quarter of the Sep
tember or October moon, the inhabit
ants of the Chinese province of Shan
tung go to Mongolia to hunt the eagles
which abound that region. The
huntsmen march in troops along the
roads, carrying on their shoulders long
poles from which are suspended their
baggage and provisions and on which
are perched tame eagles to be used as
The hunters make use of a large net,
spread open on the ground and baited
with small dried fishes, in the midst
of which is placed a tame eagle. The
decoy naturally begins to devour the
bait and thus invites its wild cousins
to follow its example. When the birds
have alighted and are feeding the
hunter, from his hiding place two or
three hundred yards distant, quickly
closes the net by means of cords and
thus captures the eagles.
Eagle hunting is very lucrative. The
feathers are used in the manufacture
of fans and are sold at a high price
even in China. There are three sorts
Kicpei, black with white centers Che
ma, white spotted with black Tout
sing, half white and half black. Sev
eral eagles contribute to the making
of a fan, for only a small part of the
plumage can be utilized hence these
fans are very costly.
Changes In the Partridges of the Ca
A remarkable example of the effects
of environment and changed condi
tions of life upon the forms of ani
mals is furnished by a species of par
tridge living in the Canary islands.
Over 400 yeais ago the Spaniards in
troduced the red legged partridge from
Europe into these islands, and the bird
has continued to flourish there but, as
recent examination proves, it has unanother.
dergone modifications clearly brought
about by the conditions under which
Its back has turned from russet
color to gray. This looks like pro
tective coloration, since the bird passes
its life among gray volcanic rocks.
Its beak has become one-fourth
longer and thicker than that of its
ancestors and of its European rela
tives, and its legs also have increased
in length and grown stouter.
These changes are exactly such as
were needed to suit it to the life that
it is now compelled to lead amid the
rocks and on the mountain sides of
the islands, where a more rigorous
physical development is required than
was needed in its former home.Har
The negro on occasions displays a
fine discrimination in the choice of
words, says the National Monthly.
"Who's the best whitewasher in
town?" inquired the new resident.
"Ale Hall am a bo'nd a'tist with a
whitewash brush, sah," answered the
colored patriarch eloquently.
"Well, tell him to come and white
wash my chicken house tomorrow."
"Uncle Jacob shook his head dubi
"Ah don't believe, sah, Ah'd engage
Ale Hall to whitewash a chicken
"Why, didn't you say he was a good
"Yes, sah, a powe'ful good white
washer, sah, but mighty queer about a
chicken house, sah mighty queer.'*
Tennyson's Bird Sounds.
Perhaps the best word for the cry of
the cricket is that of Tennyson. "Not
a cricket chirr'd," he writes in "In Me
moriam." But Tennyson was always
curiouslj* exact in his vocal rendering
of the songs of birds. What could be
truer to sound than "the moan of
cloves in immemorial elms?" Then,
too, the linnet, the robin and the
thrush "pipe," the woodpecker "laughs"
and "mocks." the lark and the plover
"whistle." the iay "scritches," the par
rot "screams," the peacock "squalls,"
the blackbird "warbles," while the
ocean fowl "shriek" and the eagl
"What makes him look so solemn?
He gets his month's salary tomorrow."
"That's just the trouble. His wifr
and his mother-in-law allow him 50
cents a week out of it and he's tryinc
to make up his mind to strike for
"You got a raise in pay, didn't you?"
"Yes, but it didn't do me any good
"I talk in my sleep, and my wife
found out about it."Toledo Blade.
"That Jones boy who used to work
for you wants to hire out to me. Is
"Steady? If he was any steadier
he'd be motionless."Judge.
Great Britain's Great Seal.
Measuring six inches in diameter and
made of silver, the great seal of Great
Britain is kept in the custody of tbe
lord high chancellor, and a new onereports
is prepared for each reign.
Every man's actions form a centei
of influence upon others, and every
deed, however trivial, has some weight
in determining the future destiny of
Our history contains the name of no
one worth remembering -who led a life
1 TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO 1
The railroad is coming and the
Union is happy.
Track laying was commenced at
the Elk River end of the railroad on
A man is judged by his deeds, not
by his professions. Hell is paved
with good intentions.
Louis Erickson of Wyanett is the
choice of four-fifths of the voters of
that town for county commissioner.
Nowadays men who do not know the
difference between a pumpkin and a
squash claim to be genuine farmers.
The Minnesota annual conference
returned Rev. J. S. Bouck bo the
Princeton charge for the second year.
Mrs. S. Sinclair and daughter,
Minnie, returned from Illinois Tues
day. They spent a pleasant time
among their friends in the Sucker
A. DeLacy Wood of the Sauk
Rapids Free Press, who is an inde
pendent candidate for the legislature
in this district, was in town Monday
With a north and south railroad
there is no reason why Mille Lacs
county should not soon become one of
the richest and most prosperous
counties in the state.
Auditor Engberg, Treasurer Daniel
son and Register of Deeds Danielson
of Isanti county are honest and
efficient officials and the convention
acted wisely in renominating them.
D. M. Clough had it in his power to
defeat Mr. Barker in the Anoka con
vention. But when Dave Clough
gives his word he stands by it. He
does not say one thing and mean
Sheriff Howard is going over the
county subpoenaing jurors. Art is
one of the lucky dogs. He has twice
been elected sheriff without opposition
and he will have a walkover again
At the republican town caucus in
Milo on Saturday the following dele
gates were elected to the county con
vention: John A. Emmons, Ernest
Axt, Daniel Bonney, Charles Bonney
John Kennedy, A. K. Bailey, Julius
Foss and J. Berkman.
There is one young lady in this vil
lage to whom, when we meet her on
the street, we always make it a point
to raise our hat. Reason: She has|
been grossly slandered by things they
call men. She is poor and has no in
fluential friends, but she is as pure
as the virgin snow.
People like the man who has a mind
of his own and does what he thinks is
right regardless of consequences.
Time servers and men who are afraid
of giving offense are out of place in
this matter-of-fact world. A manly
liar is preferable to a sneaking, in
Mayor Blodgett of Faribault pro
hibited moving pictures of the Jesse
James raids from being shown at a
theater therean act to be com
The charges of Alfred Stringer
against the fire commissioners of
Hennepin county have been dismissed
by Governor Eberhart upon the
grounds that they are not sustained
by the evidence.
Word has been received of the death
of Thomas Nickerson, one of the
oldest pioneers of Elk River at his
home at Los Angeles, Cal., aged 87
years. He settled at Elk River in
1867, and built the first sawmill there.
He moved to Los Angeles six years
ago for his health.
In a well-lighted store at 513 Henne
pin avenue, Minneapolis, last Friday
night yeggmen blew the safe, using
two charges of nitroglycerine, and no
one disturbed them in their work al
though there are two patrolmen on
that beat. And,'furthermore, the safe
was plainly discernible from the
street. But this is not surprising for
Selling a State's Farms.
Massachusetts has been making
successful efforts to dispose of the
unoccupied farm lands in the state.
Legislation to this end was started in
1909 and was continued this year.
The matter was placed by the legisla
ture in the hands of the state board of
agriculture, which adopted a method
of issuing a catalogue containing a
general description of the soil,
climate, farm products and markets
of the state, as well as details con
cerning the individual farms on the
Secretary J. Lewis Ellsworth now
that the board has sold one
hundred farms at an average price of
about three thousand dollars, and
that about three hundred and sixty
farms still remain listed for sale.
This method of handling a state's
unoccupied land seemstobe a pretty
good one. A purchaser is likely to
rely upon the state's description of
the land and to feel that he is fairly
safe in accepting it as accurate.
1"l 1 1 I I 1 W" PH'fl'H"!
to remind our patrons of tne
superior beauty of
Ouronlyrequest is that you buy six skeinsof Belcting'sSilks
needed to commence the pillow-top which, together with illustra-
ted diagram lesson.will cost you only 25cpillow-top and back are,
included free, also list of 1911 designs.
Come In today and se what wo are offering *fc Don't delay.
F. T. KETTELHODT
tglTWill Photograph Anything', Anywhere at Any Time
Clement's Photographs are as good as the best He makes
photographing family groups at their homes Old people a specialty Stock, build-
ings, etc Send a post cam to box 34 or call on me over Mark store and I will $-
be with you Post card printing Bring in your negatwes or films and I will print your *$*
cards for 4 tents each
cards for 4 cents each CLEMENT Pril*CetOI*
Ads in The Union Bring Results
You Know Me
HHHHHBM EXCLUSIVE AGENT
G. H. GOTTWERTH,
Prime Meats of Every Variety,
Poultry, Fish, Etc.
Highest market prices paid for Cattle and Hogs.
J. M. JOHNSON
MAKE a specialty of repairing all kinds of com-
plicated watches and clocks. If you have old,
worn out jewelry bring it to me and I will make it
like new on short notice. &
Day or Night."^ $-
Don't go up against a nut
shell game or a three card
monte/ sell no junk, I won't
have it around, and when I say to you that Stickney
Gasoline Engines are the best, my reputation is at
stake and if it isn't so I am here to back it up.
Buy a Stickney from me and you will get an en-
gine with an outside igniter, a perfect cooling system,
an automatic mixer, a ball bearing governor and an
engine that contains true value in every pound. I will
give you your money's worth, you know me.
HENRY UGLEM Long Siding, Minn.
*'M"1111 l't'*f 111 1'1H"*H" til I IIH 11'
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