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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, December 21, 1911, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016758/1911-12-21/ed-1/seq-2/

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f^A/i %J I
Brookins Sees Big Advance
In the Science For Next
AEROPLANEa S for next season,
accoxding to Walter Brookins,
ninety to a hundred miles an
hour, where they now make from fifty
to sixty miles He predicts that they
will be able to make long- voyages over
seas, to alight in the ocean, start again
from the water and "trim sail" afloat
in the air
Mr. Brookins is the first of the pro
fessional fliers in this country and hold
er of the world's record for slow flying
under control and steep banking at the
turns. Except for the men known as
aeroplane inventors, he has been a
practical airman for a longer period
than any American now flying.
Of those who came out of the Wright
school in his class-the first to be grad
uatedhe is the only survivor, John
stone and Hoxsey having both met
death in the air. Mr. Brookins has
had three serious falls. He is now
building an aeroplane for work over
seas, which is to consist of a combina
tion between a high power racing rao
torboat and a Wright biplane. In this
new craft Brookins believes he will
have an aeroplane on which aviators
may cross the ocean
The machine will be so constructed
as to be nonsinkable, and at the same
time it will have carrying capacity for
an abundant supply of fuel and food
Question of Landing.
"Today we of the air game have got
to get speed control," said Brookins in
telling of the outlook for aeroplanes as
he sees it. "We canflyfast enough to
keep up, but not slow enough to make
safe landings If v,e should fly slow
enough to land safely we would sim
ply drop, and that we must overcome
"A bad smashup which I had last
summer at Belmont park was due toenough
the fact that I had very little wing
space on my Baby Wright racer and a
big engine. Flying was fine, but light
ingwell, I had to hit the earth at a
higher speed than it could be done
"Now, this is the way out, and exper
iments are going to demonstrate it
An aeroplane to get off the ground
needs lots of wing space. It also needs
wing space to light on. After it gets
up and gets to going it can move along
on materially smaller wings
"We are coming to adjustable wing
areas and adjustable angles of inci
dence for our planes. The sharper the
angle the more the upward thrust as
the plane leaves the ground. After
it is up and strikes a cruising level
the angle ought to be lessened, and
the sail area ought to be reefed in.
"If we could get that matter solved
we'd ha\e aeroplanes whose speed we
could control We need aeroplanes
that can stay aloft at twenty miles an
hour and under, and if we get them
in a condition to do that and then can
reef in the sail spread after we get
up we can send them to 100 miles an
hour on the present engine develop
ment A single aeroplane capable of
running at 20 and then at 100 miles
an hourhow would that be for a de
velopment? Wouldn't it make the au
tomobile look sick?"
The question of the biplane and the
monoplane came up. Brookins has
raced in a biplane against monoplanes
and has lost to them. He has seen
much of both types in action
"And that's exactly the point." he
said. "The biplane gets away and
lands well and has too much head re
sistance when it is at full speed. What
we must have is convertible machines,
not exactly of either type, but a type
that will have the advantages now
exclusively the property of each.
"I think biplanes and monoplanes
will soon be doing about equally up to
seventy-five miles an hour, but for the
next twenty-five miles of gain the
monoplanes will excel, and the first
100 mile an hour machines will be
line of Development.
"It took development in tires, roads,
engines and in other directions to
make the automobile, and in the air
Texas Woman Is Asked to Send One
For Christmas Dinner.
The Taft family has asked for a Tex
as contribution toward its Christmas
dinner. It is a fruit cake that is want
ed, and the request will be complied
Just before Christmas of 1910 Miss
Hattie Brandenburg of Dallas, who has
a reputation in culinary lines, baked a
fruit cake and sent it to the president.
Mrs. Taft acknowledged its receipt and
said that Mr. Taft enjoyed it very
Much to the surprise and delight of
Miss Brandenburg, she recently receiv
ed a letter from the White* House ask
mg if it would be possible to t an
other one of those delicious fruitcakes
for Christmas dinner this year. It will
be sent.
Brand Whitlock Refuses More Pay.
Mayor Brand Whitlock has refused
an increase of $500 in his salary as
Hiief executive of Toledo, O His
present salary is $4,000.
JO oo(
Aeroplanes May Make
90 to 100 Miles an Hour
Thinks We Soon Shall Have
Airships Crossing the
Seven Seas.
m^e fromo
game there must be development of
the same sort. We must have the air
lanes mapped out, and that's coming
next season."
"What do you think was the best
air accomplishment of 1911 Brookins
was asked.
"The flight of Kodgers," the aviator
responded, "and for this reason: It
put the whole exhibition game out of
business at once and took the thrill
from cross country flying at a single
dash. People had been wondering if
the aeroplane could really go some
place. His really went and went so
far that even a trip across the conti
nent, made subsequently, made less
Kir than did his journey.
"And that was needed. The busi
aess needed to be hauled out of its
level as a seven day wonder and cir
aus sideshow and brought down to the
question of utility.
"I know a lot of men with money
svho are at work for 1912, but for the
most part they area misguided lot. I
hear of aluminium wings with metal
supports. That's the silliest thing
imaginable. A wooden support that
liasn't actually snapped is always as
strong as it was at first, but a metal
support may be so jarred that it is
ready to go to pieces on your next
time, and you never know it is getting
ready to do so until it does it. Auto
mobile rims are of wood for exactly
the same reason that aeroplane sup
ports wilt be of wood.
"For my part, I am following the re
sults of experimentation. I have let
the motorboat builders do my work.
All I have done is to seek out the best
in motorbeats and adapt it to the task
of alighting out of the air and have
Incorporated into it a pair of planes
large enough and with engine power
to lift the required weight.
Wilbur Wright forecasted the idea
when he flew up the Hudson with a
anoe under his planes.
*'My combination craft will have 120
horsepower and a margin of 700
pounds of lifting capacity over the net
weight of 1,500 pounds of the com
pleted craft. The planes will be so
attached that in case of a forced land
ing in a stormy sea, where the waves
would wash up over the planes, they
3an be quickly cut away. The pilot will
be at sea with a 120 horsepower mo
torboat, with air tight compartments,
and he will have as much chance to
survive as any motorboat man could
Luncheon on the Ocean Wave.
"If he has landed in calm water he
can ride along at fifteen knots an hour
while he makes necessary repairs, re
fills the gasoline tank, has his luncheon
or sleeps a bit.
The railroad train doesn't haul the
load of the steamship. Yet. as between
steamships and railroads, we prefer the
latter where speed is requisite. We
are now facing a chance to go between
fixed points at from 75 to 100 miles an
hour over the shortest possible route,
and we must not belittle the aero
plane's capacity. Picture a fleet of
them, like a train of cars, starting two
minutes apart from New York bound
for Atlantic City or Philadelphia. The
cargo of one boat you carry in ten
trains, say. What does it matter, then,
if you carry the cargo of one train in
100 aeroplanes when the number you
can send off is limitless
"When we can see these things ahead
Df us it amazes us to find an aero club
boasting because its clubhouse is the
finest in the land and yet find its mem
bership composed of men who ask us
If parachute attachments wouldn't be
good for us Yes, they would be good
as good as strawstacks all the way
along the rights of way of railroads, so
that if a train should run off the track
It would have something soft to drop
into. Aeroplane effort has to aim light.
and the freaks just now are in the very
last stages of their opportunities. Soon
we will have aero clubs as proud of
aeroplanes as they are today of club
houses, and then great things will
Ray Used to Guide Surgeon's Scalpel
During Critical Operation.
Mrs. Charles Loomis of Bluefield,
W. Va., has been successfully operated
on by Dr. Harvey Cushing in the
Johns Hopkins hospital for tumor of
the brain. The case is the second one
on record the world over from which
a patient has recovered, the other suc
cessful operation having been perform
ed in Chicago years ago.
Never before, it is said, has an op
iration so difficult as that performed
In Mrs. Loomis been attempted. To
reach the tumor, which was under the
brain, Dr. Cushing was compelled to
cut through the nose and the side of
the head, using the ray to guide
him. Two operations were required.
The operation is one of the most
dangerous in surgery, for, while the
patient is on the table, which in the
case of Mrs. Loomis was over five
hours on each occasion, the slightest
false move on the part of the surgeon
would have brought the instrument
a contact with the brain, causing in
itant death.
Here are two remarkable proposi
tions, one that a man with an income
him as entitled to enter a soldiers^
home. The fact is, however, that a
would find his dollar-a-day incomel
entirely insufficient to provide thei
a soldiers' home. This chilly pro
vision about the exclusion of fche
Sherwood pensioners from the
soldiers' homes ought to have been
cut out entirely, or else it should have
been provided that such pensioner
might be admitted and pay a portion
of his expenses there out of his
pension money.Minneapolis Jour
Attacked by a Turkey.
Frank Stadden narrowly escaped
having his eyesight destroyed and
his nose bitten off by an infuriated
turkey on Monday morning. But
here's the story in brief:
John McCool sold a number of
turkeys to Mr. Austin and one of
them flew into a tree. Finding it im
possible to coax fche gobbler from its
perch Frank Stadden was appealed
to. Frank loaded his blunderbuss
and brought the fowl to earth, but it
was only slightly wounded and, when
he attempted to capture it, the bird
showed fight. It struck at Frank,
drove its talons into his hands, bored
holes into his face with its beak and
greatly disfigured his proboscis.
Seeing that Frank was getting the
worst of the battle Mr. Austin ran to
his assistance with a club and dis
patched the gobbler. However, in
striking at the turkey Austin's aim
was not at all times accurate, and
Frank received one of the blows in
tended for the bird which caused a
big blue-black lump to appear with
remarkable rapidity upon the polished
portion of his cranium. Mr. Stadden
asserts that never in his lifetime has
be encountered so ferocious a turkey
as this particular gobbler, and says
he is inclined to the opinion that
either its father or its mother was a
great American eagle.
A. Fireproof Christmas
The state fire marshal has issued a
list of suggestions which it would be
well for persons to follow at
Christmastide. Here they are:
Dip Santa's garments in alum to
make tbera fireproof.
Use mineral wool, made of asbes
tos, instead of cotton batting, to imi
tate snow on Christmas trees.
Light the tree with electric bulbs
instead of candles.
Do not wrap electric bulbs in tissue
payer to color tbem.
Beware of all tree ornaments made
of celluloid.
If candles must be used instead of
bulbs, place a sheet of tin or zinc
under the tree.
Place all presents on the floor
under the tree instead of banging
them from the branches.
Extinguish all tree lights before
presents are given out. Keep buckets
of sand and water near tree and con
stantly watch it.
Persons in charge of Christmas tree
celebrations are often criminally
careless, says the fire marshal, in
permittiug aisles and exits of the
balls used to become blocked.
Notice to Parents and Guardians
The ruling of the Board of Educa
tion for Independent Sch6ol District
Number One, Mille JLacs county,
Minn., regarding the payment a
tuition by non-resident pupils is. as
All pupils not residing in school
district number one., and desiring to
attend school at Princeton or Brick
ton in any of the grades, are required
to pay tuition at the rate of $1.25 per
month for each pupil. The payment
of said tuitioa shall be made at the
beginning oi each term, in advanoa
for that term, to Superintendent
Marshall, who is authorized to collect
it. Failure of any such pupil to pay
the tuition as specified will prevent
that pupil from attending any of the
classes in the grades.
By Order of the Board of Educa
tion, J. J. Skahen, Secretary.
Princeton, Minn., Dec. 20, 1911. 2t
John McCool says it is with reluc
tance he admits that inoluded among
the "friends" who occasionally call
upon him is a light-fingered gentle
man who earried away valuable
property from his barn!
The Sherwood Pension BUI.
There are some absurdities in the
Sherwood pension bill as it passed Edward Gearlds, who is alleged to
the house. For example, a para- be one of the men implicated in the
graph was voted out which provided Blackduok arson case last March
that a veteran with an income of one was bound over to the grand jury in
thousand dollars or more a year the sum of $5,000 by Judge Simons in
should not be eligible bo the increases the Beaidji municipal court last Fri-
under the act. At the same time a day.
shl be received into uUon.1 territories, by L^ of
soldier's home and that any state IQM
hfto w, census oio
soldier-, home toktog i a J5" .^.H
vetera. shal.
of one thousand dollars a year may I T* ?fch"r
add three hundred dollars a year to it Jf'JJ?
by simply asking for the increase the
other that a man with an income of fl
three hundred dollars a year is sup- e
posed to be so well off that the 't
government will no longer recognize
State News.
,U ledera! aid. SinlS ^.oT**'
ceding has
veteran alone in the world and sicki bannert, inwork
care which could be furnished him i'Woodsmen." Th mi u__.__
"nderthe head of "Work Among
Woodsmen. Th Re Win chapter
of that organization is doing con
siderable to uphold the distinction
won and is at this time soliciting
magazines or other literature to be
donated to the various lumber camps.
Typhoid Lurks in River Water
We are told that boys and girls who
skate on Rum river frequently q,ueneh
their thirst with water from that pol
luted stream, and it would be wise for
parents to warn their children of the
danger of such proceeding. As- is
well known, Rum river water is im
pregnated with sewage and consequent
ly must contain myriads of microbes
among them, no doubt, typhoid
germs. One case of typhoid, proba
bly due to this source, has already
appeared in the village, and others
are liable to follow. It would be a
good idea for school teachers to en
lighten their classes upon this matter
of drinking water from fche river.
Should Not Forget the
Big Score CardShow at
Anoka, Minn,, Dec. 27 to Jan. 1,
1912. Inclusive
Liberal Cash, and Special Premiums
Send'for pemium lists to W. M. BEAN,
Pres or THOM&S MAGNUS, Sec.-Treas.
\1/ to to to
sue- w,n
a the pastor
members for
m Baptist
Pa ou
te to
because some one
ma S to
to a string in
J pew and pulled said
fche P*n to pene-
Minnesota branoh of the W. C.
to to
won, at Milwaukee, a
recognition of the greatest
ot done in fche depart
to to to
to it)
Where Can
I Yo Find
to it/ it/ it/ it/ it/ it/ it/
it/ it/ it
to it
Merr Christmas
more appropriate Holiday Gifts than in a first-
class Hardware Store well stocked for the season?
An early visit will give you ideas if we cannot
supply your wants. We show only useful, ser-
viceable articles and at prices which are favorable.
1&47, Community and Quadruple Plate
Sterling Silver Souvenir Spoons and
Keen Kutter Carving Sets, Tools, Pocket
Knives, Scissors, Sewing Sets and Safety
Mantle Clocks and Boys' Watches.
Rocking Chairs and Bissel's Carpet f^
Rochester Nickle-Plated Chafing Dishes,
Coffee Percolaters and Serving Dishes.
Our picture department is working overtime,
and if you wish framing done for Christmas you
will avoid possible disappointment by placing
your order at once.
We are also showing a choice assortment of
framed pictures, copies from the Old Masters,
framed to suit your own selection.
Caley Hdw. Co.
E sincerely thank those who have so liberally patro-
nized us during the short time we have been in busi-
ness in this village and assure them that we appreciate their 8
orders. We shall continue to carry a large stock of high-grade
merchandise and endeavor to please our customers in every 2?
& way, and we wish every one, whether a customer of ours or &
& not, a S
Happy New Year 1
Our Price is Always Lower Than Our Quality A

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