OCR Interpretation

The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, September 19, 1912, Image 8

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016758/1912-09-19/ed-1/seq-8/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 8

-l.u i j"i,yw-u. p^^f^^"^^
next in importance
from a ethnologist standpoint
to the discovery of the lost
tribes of Israel is the discov
ery made by Professor Vilhjalmar
Stefansson of the American Museum
of Natural History of a lost tribe of
2,000 white people who are believed
to be direct descendants of the fol
lowing of Lief Erickson (Lief the
Lucky), who went to Greenland from
Iceland about the year 1000 and later
discovered the north coast of America.
The people living on Victoria island,
thirty degrees east of the mouth of
the Mackenzie river, more than 2,000
miles by the coast line, are still in
the stone age. While the civilization
of nearly 1,000 years has grown they
have stood still.
One of the remarkable incidents of
Professor Stefansson's five years of
exploration is the fact that he left
his winter headquarters near Banks
iand four years ago with only suffi
cient flour and other cereals to sus
tain himself and his Eskimo associates
for two weeks and enough salt and
tea to last for a month. On this scant
supply of food he lived for four years
on the bleak, inhospitable shore of the
polar sea, caribou, seal and beaver
furnishing his only meat and clothes.
In 1910 Stefansson returned to the
mouth of the Mackenzie river, where
he was joined by Dr. R. Anderson, a
former classmate from the University
of Iowa.
In his trips round the region at the
top of the world Stefansson discovered
thirteen new tribes. Ten of these
tribes had never seen nor heard of
white men. Two other tribes had seen
the members of the Franklin explor
ing expedition.
The tribe of white people, whom
Stefansson declares are purely of
Norwegian origin, never had seen
other people of their own color. Their
number is about 2,000. More than
half of them have red hair, blue eyes,
fair skins and light eyebrows and
beards. They live on both shores of
Coronation gulf, on the mainland of
North America and Victoria island,
which formerly was known as Prince
Edward Island.
Different From the Eskimo.
It was for this people that Roald
Amundsen, discoverer of the south pole,
searched while making his trip through
the northwest passage.
Amundsen, it will be remembered,
said natives had told him of a race
of white people living to the north
ward. He sent an expedition along the
shore of the island, but saw nothing
of the tribe, nor did they see anything
of him.
Many other arctic explorers have
brought down from the north stories
of this tribe of lost white people, but
the tale came to be regarded as an
Indian legend.
Ethnologically, the newly discovered
tribe is entirely different from the Es
kimo, not only in the shape of the
skull, but in general features, color of
eyes and texture of hair. They have
not a single trace of the Mongolian
While they retain some of the cus
toms of the Norsemen who were lost
from Iceland in the twelfth century,
their method of living is entirely dif
ferent. The conditions under which
they live are of the most primitive sort.
No vegetation, except moss and a few
stunted willows, grows in their habitat.
They are meat and flsh eaters. The
island abounds with caribou and the
sea with seal and other fauna. They
use bows made of willow bound to
gether with sinews and their arrows
are tipped with flint and native copper,
"which is pried out of ledges or found in
stream beds on the mainland. Their
knives are made of copper, with horn
handles, and made in much the same
manner as Implements -were made by
the early Norsemen' who inhabited
Legend of a Flood.
Like nearly every savage tribe they
have a legend of a flood which a long
time ago devastated the world. This
legend, anthropologists say, is uni
versal among savage tribes and there
fore cannot be regarded as proof that
this particular tribe is descended from
Christian forefathers.
Professor Stefansson accounts foi
their existence by the fact that in th6
year 982 Greenland was discovered
and settled by 3,000 Icelanders. One
thousand of these people sailed from
Norway and missed Greenland, but
landed on the coast of Newfoundland,
where they established a colony, built
fourteen churches, two monasteries, a
nunnery and other structures, th6
ruins of which are still standing.
These people crossed to the coast of
America for timber. There were no
JflsMmos at this time, either on Green
land or Newfoundland. The Norsemen
settled in two colonies, one on the
north and one on the south side of
In the fourteenth century Eskimo
came from the north and exterminated
the north settlement Their record
was complete till 1441, when the black
plague scourged Europe and for two
centuries communication between New*
Discovery of Great Impor
tance Is That Made by
Prof. Stefansson.
Descendants of "Lief the
Lucky/' Who Migrated
From Iceland.
foundland and the old country was
cut off.
When communication was restored
the people of the second settlement
were missing. Their graveyards,
buildings and other adjuncts of their
semicivilization were found. The
theory was formed that the people had
drifted to a settlement further west
across the narrow straits, where they
intermingled with Eskimo, whom they
took along with them to the island on
which their descendants make their
They still use the bone needles that
were invented by their forefathers,
and many of their methods of life are
similar to those of their progenitors.
Different environment, a more rigor
ous climate and a lack of vegetation,
however, have changed many of their
A Migratory People.
They are a migratory people, never
remaining longer than a few weeks in
the same place. When they moved
Stefansson and his associates moved
with them. They never live on the
coast itself, and it was for this reason
that Amundsen failed to discover
them when he sailed past their island.
In the winter time they settle on the
ice in the center of a bay and hunt
In the summer they go to the center
of the island, where they eat the cari
bou which there abound in thousands.
Once in a great time they capture one
of the rare specimens of barren land
Their houses are made of snow, with
a roof of driftwood which on rare oc
casions is found on the coast The
stray fragments of wood are highly
Furs furnish their clothing. Their
shoes are cut to come well up to the
thighs. Here it is met by a kind of
underskirt which reaches to the waist
The coat is fashioned in almost pre
cisely the same manner as the full
dress coat worn at inaugural balls by
their civilized brothers. It cuts off at
a sharp angle just above the waist line
and a long tail divided into two pieces
hangs down behind. The whole outfit
is strapped together by means of
thongs and buttons made from raw
hide and bone.
In one place on the island Professor
Stefansson discovered a conical stone
house which bears a striking resem
blance to the houses built in Greenland
and Newfoundland by the Norsemen
who first inhabited those places.
None of the natives had ever seen a
sulphur match or a rifle. One tribe ex
pressed surprise when Stefansson killed
a caribou with a rifle at a distance of
more than 1,000 yards. They told him
of a wonderful man who had once
lived in that country who had a bow
and arrow that would shoot over a
mountain and kill a deer or a bear on
the other side
Traveled 10,000 Miles on Foot.
Stefansson traveled on foot more
than 10,000 miles and sustained himself
and Dr. Anderson with his rifle. He
took neither shotgun nor fishing net
although once in awhile he obtained
fish from natives.
There are but two specimens of the
Barren Land bear in the United States.
Stefansson got nineteen. Thirteen
were killed with a rifle and six by na
tives. They will be brought down by
Dr. Anderson, who left the shores of
the arcjic on a whaler. Dr. Anderson
also is bringing many other biological,
geological and botanical specimens.
The winter temperature in this lati
tude is about 55 degrees below zero
on an average. Professor Stefansson
and his associate wore woolen under
wear in summer and winter, which is
nearly all of the time wore clothing
they made from the pelts of animals
they killed. Pants and coats were
made with two thicknesses of fur, one
being placed next to the skin and the
other turned outward to meet the cold
and frost.
In the five years he spent on the ex
pedition Stefansson killed nearly sixty
tons of meat He traveled twenty
miles for every one traveled by Amund
sen, Peary or any other explorer and
mapped a large part of the country.
The maps of the top of the world,
he says, are grossly inaccurate. Riv
ers which are marked on the charts
have no existence in fact, and moun
tain ranges appear where the country
should be flat He found Amundsen's
maps, however, very useful and gener
ally correct
The Indians in the region in which
he traveled provide for themselves
with primitive weapons. The unhunt
ed animals, he says, have no more
chance against a rifle than a mosquito
would have against a pile driver.
Scientifically, the work was divided
between himself and Dr. Anderson.
Stefansson did the mapping and the
anthropological and ethnological tasks,
while Dr. Anderson took care of the
biological, botanical and geological
Experiments With Cottonseed Meal.
Experiments made in Canada showed
that while cottonseed meal increases
milk production, the total yield of fat
is lowered.
il) ifc
Vt to
to to
to to to to to to to
to to it/
it/ it/
it/ to to it/ it/
it/ it/ it/ it/ it/
it/ it/ to it/ it/ it/ it/ it/
it/ it/ it/
it/ to it/
to it/ it/ it/ it/ to it/
Mrs. M. C. Thorring was on the
sick list last week.
Contractor Fred Oftedahl and
family of Milaca spent Sunday at the
M. C. Thorring home.
Mrs. Wililam Talen and daughter,
Jennie, spent last Friday with the J.
Hubers family at Pease.
M. B. Anderson, M. C. Thorring
and Peter Jensen have their silos
filled for winter feeding.
Mrs. Mark Newman of Princeton is
spending a few weeks with her hus
band and his parents here.
Last spring Adolph Minks sowed
11 sacks of oats and received in re
turn 900 bushels, a little over 85
bushels per acre. How is this for
heavy clay soil which but a few years
ago was considered worthless except
for pasture and clover?
William Talen worked at the car
penter trade a few days last week
laying a new floor in the Bogus
Brook town hall,'
On Monday morning our school
opened with the Misses Miller and
Yotten as teachers. The enrollment
might be better.
A daughter of Herman Schlee,
and her husband, spent a few days
here with parents and friends.'
--*sv *5V
The Ne Winter Coats
They returned to Howard Lake on
Our neighborhood is busy thresh
ing. Albert Keibe and crew have
been at work here for more than a
week. The grain is of good quality
and no complaints are heard.
Was Woodward Brook in it at the
county fair last week? It looks so
from the amount of premiums com
ing to us. Of course everybody' from
here took in the fair and it was
Rev. C. Larson of Princeton
preached to a goodly crowd last Sun
day at the Woodward Brook school
house. He expects to be with us
again the last Sunday in October,
when the Sunday school will cele
brate its first birthday with a rally
day program.
Town primary election passed off
quietly on Tuesday. Only about half
of our voters took advantage of the
opportunity to cast their ballots.
Those who remained at home h'ave
themselves to blame if the man of
their ehoice gets defeated for nomi
nation. Wake up, ye men!
Herbert Fisher left yesterday to
resume his studies at Oberlin college,
Ohio. He was accompanied as far
as Chicago by his mother.
iiliiab XmMii&M&sBiMM?
Ou Big New Line of
Coats Is Here
General Merchandise The Store With The Right Goods Princeton
If You Are Looking for the Most fr
Stylish Ladies' Coats See (f
Our New Line Now
The Palmer Coats
The Bischof Coats $
The Largest Stock of Coats in Town
a jyiB
Job Printing and Job Printing
kinds of Job Printingtnat which is neat and
artisti an that which possesses neither of these qualities. The
Princeton Union makes it a point to turn out none but the former
kind, and the Union finds this easy because it has the type, machinery
and skilled labor with which to accomplish it.
Nothing Looks Worse Than
Botched Job Printing.
It is a drawback to the business of a merchant or anyone else who uses
it. Botched Job Printing suggests loose methods. Then why not use
the kind printed by the Union? It costs you no more and gives the
public a good impression of your business. The Princeton Union is
prepared to execute every description of
Commercial and Fancy Printing
at short notice and nominal prices. If you are in need of letterheads,
noteheads, billheads, statements, cards, posters, programs, wedding
invitations or any other work in the printing line, an order for the
same placed with the Union will insure its being produced in an at-
tractive and un-to-date style.
Princeton, Minnciote.

xml | txt