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The Princeton union. (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, October 03, 1912, Image 2

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'Vn wiimr .I.M m-'-"1
article in the Los Angeles Times. They
are annoyed at human inequalities
and asperities and want things all
made equal, simple and smooth.
The leader of the movement is Pro
fessor Wilhelm Ostwald, the Nobel
prize winner of 1909. After him come
Professor Schmoller of Berlin, Dr.
Klaus Wagner, the traveler Hesse
Wartegg and several others
They have plans for publishing books
In standard sizes, compelling Easter
to fall alwajs on the same day of the
same month, reforming the calendar,
revolutionizing chronology and turning
arithmetic inside out. The scientific
world backs their efforts, for in ca
pacity for planning Germany beats all
humanity hollow.
The monumental irregularities of
chronology annoy the scientists most
The day as at present divided up Is,
they say, a monstrosity. It has no
right to be cut Into twenty-four hours
when longer spaces of time are count
ed by centuries and millenniums. The
day of the reformed future will have
a hundred hours, each divided into a
hundred minutes and each minute into
a hundred seconds.
The exigencies of life have already
introduced in practice this system of
chronology it remains only to recog
nize the fact. We do not count time
by hours, but by quarter hours, of
which there are nearly a hundred in
the day. When a man wants to state
time roughly he states it by the quar
ter appointments are made by the
quarter, and for practical purposes fif
teen minutes is the real time. Less
than fifteen minutes does not much
count, while half an hour is too long
a unit The new hours, being a hun
dredth part of the day, will each con
tain fourteen and two-fifth minutes,
which is practically a quarter of an
hour. Instead of saying "a quarter to
1," people will say simply "at 49."
Practical Obstacles Small.
Professor Wagner says people will
get used to that in a few days. The
practical obstacles are small. Every
new clock will have a dial divided
into 100 parts. The hour hand will go
around the new clock only once a day
Old clocks can be easily adapted. They
"Will need new dials, with double rows
of figures from 1 to 50 and from 50 to
100. and the hour hand will complete
its circuit twice a day For the hours
the mechanism will therefore need no
change. The minute problem will
have to be met in the old clocks by
letting the minute hand go four times
around the clock for each hour
Weeks that refuse to fit into the
year and meaningless irregular months
must also be radically reconstructed
The week must first be taken in hand
The French revolution's attempt to
lengthen it to ten days failed Ten
days was too long, and the present
week is too long. The week of the
future will have six days. It will be
gin on Monday, drop Saturday alto
gether and end with Sunday. There
will be sixty Sundays in the year
The month, the German scientists
agree, must contain six weeksthat is.
thirtj-six daysand there will be ten
months the year In that case any
date of the month will always fail on
the same week day This will save
tremendous trouble
Only 360 Days.
This arrangement provides for only
360 days The remaining five will not
count as days of the month or as days
of the week That would upset the
symmetrical months and weeks The
odd five will be sandwiched in wher
ever convenient and used for holidays,
such as Christmas. Easter and the na
tional holidays of the different coun
tries Leap year would not spoil the
harmony, because leap year day would
not be the 29th of February, but a
dateless, intercalated day.
With such a division of time the
year would not any longer fall into
quarters. Things that are now done
quarterly would be done every two
monthsthat is. every seventy-two
days Quarterly reports, quarterly
meetings and so on. would all be reg
tilated on the two month basis This
would be an advantage in itself once
neople got used to it.
Professor Wagner, backed by all
the systematize^, holds that the day
should be forced to begin at a natural
hour In ancient times the day some
times began the morning, and some
times in the evening. To begin the
day at midnight was a contrivance of
Boman jurists, who wanted to shroud
the change from day to day in the
quietest time of the twenty-four hours
But nowadays the night is not quiet,
for trains run through it. and ships
steam through it It i3 a time of
amusement and sometimes of work.
There are more people in bed in the
early morning than there are at mid
Day to Begin at 6 a. m.
The natural day begins at sunrise,
and the reasonable average day should
begin at the average hour of sunrise.
Everything Would Be Re
duced to a Fixed
are deep in
plans systematize, schema
tize and normalize the world,
says Herbert Bateman in an
Time Refashioned and
Arithmetic Completely
Simplification of Metric System.
Simplification of the metric system is
required by Profressor Ostwald. The
system will gain acceptance every
where only if it is simplified. The me
ter should be the standard of measure
ment for land. Acres, hectares and
other superficial measures must be
abandoned. "Seven hundred and fifty
thousand square meters of land" will
henceforth be the expression. The ob
jection is that this gives no one any
idea of area. The schematizers reply
that this is true only at first A per
son used to calculating in English
pounds sterling has no idea atfirstof
750,000 francs, but he soon gets used
to it.
Ostwald is strongly in favor of a
homogeneous money system. His pro
posal for a unit is a gram of gold.
That is worth about 70 cents It will
be divided into a hundred parts, as are
the American dollar and the French
and German francs and marks.
Dr. Hermann Kauffmann is the In
ventor of a reformed international al
phabet It is called the "hygienic-log
ical alphabet." It is logical because
it has one letter to every sound and
hygienic because it is based upon sound
study of the human eye The present
system of printed type, says Kauff
mann, is absurd and an anachronism
It is a mere servile copy of the old
fashioned handwriting.
Handwriting, having to be done with
a pen. developed of necessity a system
founded on strokes. But printing does
not need to be so done Strokes are
bad for the eyes and hard to read the
eye naturally prefers to deal with
black, solid surfaces. Kauffmann's ex
periments with the eye prove that. His
system has characters that are solid,
angular, round and irregular ink blots
When printed merely the same size as
newspaper type they can be read at
double the distance and without fa
tigue. In a week you can learn fluent
ly to read anything printed in your
own language in "hygienic-logical"
No Decimal Arithmetic.
Decimal arithmetic is the last ene
my of the schematizers. It must be
abandoned, they say, in favor of the
duodecimal, which formerly prevailed
Instead of calculating in tens and hun
dreds men will calculate in twelves
and one hundred and forty-fours.
The units will not. however, be
written 12 and 144. New charac
ters will be invented, but that will
be their value Instead of the present
ten Arabic numerals from naught to
nine there will be twelve, as ten and
eleven will both have independent nu
merals to represent them. In future
people will countnine, ten. eleven,
twelve, one-twelve, two-twelve, and so
on, and they will countninety, tenty.
eleventy, hundred, the new hundred
being equal to 144. The advantage of
this system for practical life is great
One hundred and forty-four is really
a more logical and complete unit than
100, as it can be divided up indefinite
ly in twos and threes
Most of these proposals, say the
schematizers. will make no real diffi
culty. The change in arithmetic is
the only exception. That is a remote
ideal. The other changes would cause
a little confusion and worry for a few
days, but they would save the perma
nent confusion and worry caused by
the present irregularities.
"Waste no energy" is the watchword
of Ostwald's systematizers Their am
bition is that the coming man should
be free to spend his time and talents
in productive work instead of wasting
part, as now, in unraveling meaning
less complications inherited from the
Bamboo Pulp For Napkins.
Experts in China are investigating
the possibility of using bamboo pulp
in the manufacture of paper napkins.
The day of the future will therefore
begin at 6 in the morning, but it will
be called 0 o'clock, ana what is now
6:45 a. m. will be 99 o'clock.
A similar reduction to reason is sug
gested for the system of changing the
date. The day should change not as it
now does on the 180 meridian, but a
little to the east, so that it will coin
cide with the American Pacific coast
That will give the Pacific ocean an ab
solute unity as regards dates. At pres
ent it is Monday in the eastern islands
of the Pacific when it is still Sunday in
the western islands.
New Year's day also badly wants
transfer. The present New Year's day
Is wrongly placed, and, though nobody
says so, everybody ignores it in prac
tice. Financial years, school years and
many other years are dated from
spring to spring. This is clumsy, and
instead of 1910, 1911, 1912, we have to
write 1910-11, 1911-12, and so on.
Statistics usually adhere to the calen
dar years hence there is confusion.
We have the statistics of a country
for a single year, but thefinancesfor
three-quarters of one year and a quar
ter of the next. This could be remedied
by putting New Year's day in its log
ical place. The real beginning of the
year is the beginning of springthat
is, the 21st of March at 6 a. m. For
convenience sake the best day
choose would be the first of April.
Must Add 5,100 Before Close
of Fiscal Year.
Circulars Place Advantages of Services
Before Young MenChance Given
For Education Trainin Schools
Open In Many Lines.
With a maximum complement of ap
proximately 52,000 men, it is no long
er an easy matter to keep the navy
recruited up to its full strength at all
times. Congress at its last session au
thorized an increase of 4,000 to the en
listed force, which increase the navy
department is expected to obtain by
the end of the current fiscal year
There is at present a shortage of about
5,100 men, including the increase re
cently allowed.
But that does not by any means rep
resent the entire needs of the recruit
ing service. The term of enlistment is
four years, and if every man served
out his full term there would be more
than 12,000 men going out each year.
Not all remain their entire four years,
many being discharged for various
causes, some promoted and others de
sert. It thus happens that in order to
fill the complement by the end of next
June there must be enlisted and re-en
listed in the meantime approximately
20,000 men.
The requirements *for enlistment are
rigid, and the standardsfixedfor
the naval service, which have been
steadily raised in recent years, are
strictly adhered to. An average of less
than 20 per cent of the men who ap
ply for enlistment at the recruiting sta
tions are accepted. It will therefore
be necessary during this fiscal year to
interest about 100,000 able bodied
young Americans in the naval service.
It has been found that among many
reasons which men give for joining
the navy the desire to see the world
and travel is always uppermost That
is but natural when it is remembered
that most of the applicants are under
twenty-one years old. However, more
serious motives prevail and only to a
slightly less extent A great many
give as a reason the opportunities to
Jearn a trade and a chance to better
themselves by the wholesome living
in the service, the discipline and reg
ular habits required. The desire for
steady employment influences many
Advantages Offered.
There is no doubt that the navy of
fers a young man may superior ad
vantages, particularly if he has not
the good fortune to be able to acquire
a mechanical or professional educa
tion. The navy supplies that opportu
nity. If a youngster has any mechan
ical ability the naval service will bring
it out and develop it. Training schools
are open to him for instruction in the
trades of machinist, electrician (both
general and wireless), and in the va
rious artificer trades, such as carpen
ter, shipwright, shipfitter, copper
smith, blacksmith, boilermaker, plumb
er and the like. If he has a knack for
clerical work he may be sent to the
yeoman school, which fits him for the
clerical duties required both afloat and
ashore. On the other hand, if he has
no special aptitude for a trade he is
sent to one of the big training stations,
where be is taught the knowledge of
seamanship and fitted for advancement
in the various ratings comprising the
seaman branch of the navy.
After serving one enlistment credit
ably he may enter either of the sea
men gunner schools, one of which is
located here in Washington and the
other at the torpedo station. Newport.
R. 1. At these schools he acquires a
great deal of technical knowledge, not
only in ordnance work, but in other
subjects which will be of value to him
when he returns- to sea.
It is the policy of the navy to ad
vance its men strictly upon merit, and
it is declared that any man who serves
one full cruise without advancement
lacks the qualifications which would
be necessary to siaeeess in ,any othei
line of employment. It is even possible
for a man to attain the rating of ehief
petty officer during one enlistment, a
position paying $77 a month, with liv
ing expenses thrown in It is admitted,
however, that it is not an easy matter
to advance thus rapidly, for such ad
vancement requires exceptional ability
and attention to- duty.
Increased Pay I Prospect.
Each re-enlistment brings with it in
creased pay. and after seven years' en
listed service an ambitious man may
be examined for the warrant grade, a
life position, which pays as high as
$2,500 a year, with benefits of retire
ment on three-fourths pay after sixty
two years of age. Nor is an ambitions
man necessarily limited to advance
ment to the warrant grade The law
permits a warrant officer under thirty
five years of age. with four years' serv
ice as a boatswain, gunner or machin
ist. to compete in the annual examina
tion for appointment as ensign.
At the examination held in Washing
ton July last, two former enlisted men.
Chief Machinist R. Ford and
chinist Linsley. passed satisfac
tory examinations and were promptly
appointed ensign* At a recent exam
ination held for appointments to the
pay corps two former enlisted men
were appointed assistant paymasters.
rWlJgaBP21B5 THE PBiyCETOK UNION THURSDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1912. l^W^fl^^^^fl^^"
(BSTABIilSHjlO 1900)
A private Institution which combines all the
advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital
with the quiet and comfort of a refined and
elegant home. Modern in every respect. No
insane, contagious or other objectionable cases
received. Bates are as low as the most effi
cient treatment and the best trained nursing
will permit.
H. C. COONEY, M. D.,
nedlcal Director,
IDA M. THIEL. Superintendent
Winter is approaching and
you will need blankets for
your horses. I have a fine
line, as well as robes and
auto shawls. This is a
good time to have a har
ness made to order.
J. H. Hoffman
The Harness Man
Have Vou Been to See
About Yenr Case?
I am successfully treating atl dis
eases without drugs or surgery.
Call and talk your ease over with
me. My Examination is Free, and
you may gain more knowledge of
your own case.
Offices: I. 0. 0. F. Building
Princeton, Minn.
These area few of the diseases I
treat: Appendicitis, Asthma, Ca
tarrh, Constipation, Diseases of Ear,
Epilepsy, Diseases of Eye, Female
Disorders, Gallstones Diseases of
Heart, Kidneys, Liver and Muscles
Lumbago, Pleurisy, Pneumonia,
Rheumatism, Sore Throat, Diseases
of the Stomach and Paralysis.
They Were Once Slang.
If we had never allowed slang to
legitimize itself in orthodox language
where should we be today? A refer
ence to old slang dictionaries gives the
answer Take Groses', published at
the end of the eighteenth century
the ''dictionary of the vulgar tongue."
by the first lexicographer who recog
nized the ^ord "slang" itself. We
find him classing under it such words
as bay window, bedizened, bet. blus
ter, budget brogue, capon, grouse
ehurl, coax, cobbler, cur. domineer,
eyesore, flabby, flog, flout, foundling,
fuss, gag, malingerer, messmate, saun
ter, slump, sham, rascal, trip and yelp.
Wait until the next anti-slang purist
uses one of these words and then con
found him by reference to Grose.
London Chronicle.
Thankful For Hi Escape.
'It's useless to urge me to marry
you. When I say no I mean no."
"Invariably." "And can nothing ever break your de
termination when once you make up
your mind?"
"Absolutely nothing."
"Well, I wouldn't care to marry a
girl like that, anyhow."Boston Tran
Bureau of Information.
StrangerCan you tell me where 1
will find your bureau of vital statis
tics? Farmer BrqwnI kin give you
the village dressmaker's address. She
knows the age of every woman in
The Inevitable.
There is no good in arguing with the
Inevitable The only argument avail
able with an east wind is to put on
overcoat.James Russell Lowell
8top Your Worry.
If you are inclined to worry todaj
stop and think of the worrying you
did yesterday and how little it really
amounted to.Chicago News*
I Farm Loans
ilfiitl ifntitiifc,T I
|H|M|.lHi.| .|HHn|,.|l.M"l'll'^^
First National Bank
of Princeton, Minnesota.
Paid up Capital, $30,000
A General Banking Busi
ness Transacted.
Loans Made on Approved
M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission
or by the day.
Princeton State Bank
Capital $20,000
Ooea av General
Farm Mortgages,
Insurance, Collections.
!'t' !'t1
Banking Business
Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
..}.4..|..j. 4.. ,|..1.4,4.. 4,4.4.,|.,|.. 4,4,..4. j...,
I Security State Bank
Princeton, Minnesota
Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000
JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier
i.!ii,,i.!,ii,1.,i. ,i. ,,t.,i, ,t, ,t..t..t.,t.,T..it.,T. r, ,t **TTttiiii lit mini I Mi. i
y*0*0frt*flfr*0*.M.M'**'^l 1 1 1 M..M..Mi 11 IHW14,4.4.4.
Farm Lands Farm Loans
flcMillan & Stanley I
Interest Paid on Time De
Foreign and Domestic Ex
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
Successors to 4
Princeton, Minnesota
We Handle the Qreat Northern Railway Co. Lands
If You Are in Need of a Board oral
Load of Lumber see the 3
E We can sell you at a lower price 3
I than any other yard. All that 3
E we ask is that you will call and 3
E give us an opportunity to con- 3
vince you. S 3
E GEO. A. COATES, flanager 3
^Wil Photograph Anything, Anywhere at Any Time, Day or Night,
Clement's Photographs are as good as the best He makes a business of
photographing family groups at thfir homes Old people a specialty Stock, buildings, i
gi etc Send a post card to box 34 or call on me over Mark's store and 1 will be with you. f
I?ost card printing Bring in your negatives or films and I will print your cards for 5
cents each CLEMENT* Princetonf
Farm Lands $
M"l"M"t"M"I"M"M-!!! 1H|.
Jtfti* i ii i ft ilfnTufi A iTnti 1 It P-
can see the 3 horse power engine called
Dan Patch, from the M. W. Savage Fac-
tories, Inc., at my place, also the Dan Patch
manure spreader. Come and see the wonder
ful bargains.

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