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The Princeton union. (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, October 03, 1912, Image 8

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016758/1912-10-03/ed-1/seq-8/

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Director of Bureau of Mines
Describes Some of
the Losses*
URINGr the last year in pro
ducing half a billion tons of
coal we wasted or left under
ground in such condition that
It probably will not be recovered in
the future a quarter of a billion tons
of coal, we turned loose into the at
mospheie a quantity of natural gas
larger than the total output of artifi
cial gas during the same period in all
the towns and cities of the United
States, we also wasted or lost in min
ing, preparation and treatment of oth
er important metalliferous and non
metalliferous mmeials from 10 to 50
per cent of the year's production of
such minerals
The above is the startling manner in
which Dr Joseph A Holmes, director
of the United States bureau of mines,
describes some of the losses in the
yearly production of $2,000,000,000
worth of minerals in the United
The words of the director are a gen
eral summing up of a statement just
iBSued by the bureau, in which an in
ventory of the various mineral wastes
is given and in which the bureau
shows how millions and millions of
dollars may be saved to the people of
this country through the right sort of
conservation of its resources
Valuable Deposits Lying Idle.
The general statement, written by
Charles Parsons, chief mineral
chemist of the bureau, contains the
charge that many valuable mineral de
posits are lying idle, while the prod
ucts are being imported from other
countries Mr Parsons further de
Clares that through wasteful use of
certain of the minerals the ultimate
exhaustion and dissipation of some of
the important useful minerals of to
day, from the standpoint of the race
and the light of present knowledge,
are in sight He urges that many de
posits of ores of such low grade that
they cannot be mined today should
be left position so that they can be
mined the future, as many ores, for
merly of too low a grade to work with
profit, are now sources of wealth The
wastes of the past are daily being con
verted into the dividends of the pres
ent, he declares.
In referring to the waste in the
mining and use of coal Mr Parsons
says "The wastes of carbon in our
modern economy are almost incom
prebensible In mining coal this
countiy piobably one third of the
bituminous coal and one half of the
anthracite are left the rnjne Fully
80,000,000 tons of anthracite are now
being left behind the mine each
year, and it is estimated that since
mining began this country fully
2,000 000 000 tons of anthracite and
3,000 000 000 tons of bituminous coal
have been left the ground under
conditions which make future reco\
ery highly improbable
"After coal is mined the losses by
no means cease, although some of the
culm that formeily went to waste by
millions of tons is now being used
Probablv not over 11 per cent of the
energy coal is being effectively
utilized The remainder of the energy
is lost thiough the inefficiency of the
steam boilpi the steam engine and the
electric dynamo
"Boiler Efficiency.
"It is estimated that the boiler scale
In locomotives alone in this country
means a 'oss of over 15.000,000 tons
of coal annually It has been shown
that one sixteenth of an inch of scale
means a toss of 25 per cent in boiler
efficiency The scientific control of the
combustio i of coal under boilers is
constantly mci easing, but the losses
of carbon that is still pouring from our
chimneys, defacing monuments, build
ings and landscape, are without valid
Mr Parsons says that the losses in
the making of coke by the old fashioned
process wasted $40,000,000 in the
United States last year He calls this
an entirely needless and seemingly
ruthless loss He declares that these
coke ovens, without taking into ac
count the value of the byproducts that
were possible, wasted more than 1,000,-
000 horsepower in the year. AH this
loss might be prevented by the use of
modern methods, he" says
"The dust from stacks and chimneys
of all kinds," says Mr. Parsons, "is of
ten not only a great waste of valuable
material, but is one of the great evils
of modern civilization. Valuable met
alliferous dusts are strewn broadcast
from the stacks of our smelters, gas
es and poisonous solids destroy vege
table and animal life, and masses of
black smoke pour from our chimneys
and settle in clouds over many of our
cities, rendering them exceedingly dis
agreeable and unsightly. Even with
present knowledge practically all dust
nuisances are preventable, and legisla
tion the country over is diminishing
the dust output from smelters, cement
plants and smoking chimneys, often
with the result that the collection of
dust incident to smoke prevention be
comes a source of profit
"Almost inestimable losses of sul
phur, arsenic and bismuth are now tak-
That We
Conservation Would Save
lions of Dollars to
the People.
mg place in the flue dusts and flue
"In proportion to output the losses
of zinc aie piobably greater than those
of any other metal and are especially
important because there is almost no
recovery of zinc from manufactured
products and almost no conservation of
zinc by accumulation Besides these
losses in the mining and concentration
of zinc oies, there are incalculable
losses, whi^h without question run into
many millions of dollars and undoubt
edly exceed the total value of the zinc
mined, in slags and waste products
from other processes Zinc has been
and in geneial still is considered about
the worst impurity to be found in the
ores of copper and lead, foi it has al
ways given trouble their metallurgy.
"In combined but unfortunately
relatively insoluble form there are un
limited supplies of potash in this coun
try Because no methods are known
fo- economically obtaining the potash
Vve aie obliged to impoit from Ger
man} about $15,000,000 worth each
year Potash is absolutely essential,
and unless methods can be found for
obtaining it from domestic supplies we
shall be obliged to purchase it from
Germany at a price at least 400 per
cent moie than the cost of delivery in
New York
Waste of Nitrogen.
"Our naste of nitrogen, worth in
combined foim about 15 cents per
pound, is almost inconceivable, and
no calculation can give us a real idea
of what this loss means. Although
we produced last year over 400,000,000
tons of bituminous coal, we recovered
only $3,800,000 worth of the $160,000,000
worth of recoverable nitrogen in the
"Of course it is entirely impracti
cable under present conditions to re
cover as ammonia all of the nitrogen
that might be ob"tained, but it does
seem most regrettable that of 63,000,000
tons of coal converted into coke in
1910, containing $22,000,000 woith of
recoverable nitrogen, only about one
sixth was tieated in ovens or retorts
which could make that recovery pos
sible The rest of the nitrogen in the
coal went off as free nitrogen in the
"It is estimated that since the first by
product coke oven was built in this
country 1S93 and up to the present
time the coke coked in the old fash
loned beehive ovens where the nitrogen
was luthleb&lj wasted in fire has
amounted to about 810,000,000 tons
Had this been coked in byproduct
ovens the volatile nitrogen of the coal
would have yielded twenty thiee
pounds of ammonium sulphate per ton,
or a total of 9,313,000 tons, which at $60
a ton would have had a value of $558,-
900,000 But this would not be all
Had this ammonia been recoveied it
would have been used on the soil as a
fertilizer and the crops would have in
creased fully 20 per cent, and the sav
ing would have been many million*
Facts as Eegards Sulphur.
"The waste and the utilization of
sulphur aie both enormous and de
pend largely on local conditions We
produce sulphur cheaper than any
other country in the world, sell it at
perhaps the highest price and in the
form of sulphur dioxide discharge it
in the air from the stack of a single
smelter in quantities almost as large as
those utilized throughout the country
from sulphur and domestic pyrite put
together If the sulphur discharged
into the air from this one smelter
were converted into sulphuric acid it
would furnish more than enough sul
phunc acid for the total fertilizer
dustry of the United States
"This country is producing annuallj
about 3,000.000 tons of sulphuric acid
the basis of all chemical industry
of which approximately one half is
used in the manufacture of fertilizers
The total amount of sulphur dioxide
discharged into the air in this country
would unquestionably suffice to make
more than 8.000.000 tons of sulphurn
Wealthy Husband Disowns Her When
He Hears Forgery Charge.
As s,he was leaving the First Baptist
church of Perth Amboy, N. after
her marriage Mrs Mary Pfeiffer King
was arrested on a charge of forgery
The complainant was the treasurer of
the Perth Amboy Savings institution
who accused the woman of obtaining
$100 on a forged order.
According to Seaman, the woman
who until her marriage was Miss Mary
Pfeiffer, presented an order which pur
ported to be signed by Anthone Haber
korn, whose wife she represented her
self to be She said after her arrest
that she wanted the money to pur
chase the trousseau for her wedding
When her husband, Paul King, a
wealthy resident of South Amboy,
heard the charge against his bride he
disowned her and refused to bail her
out Without his assistance she was
unable to obtain a bondsman and was
committed for examination in default
of $1,000 King is sixty-five years old.
while his bride is only thirty-five
to to to to
to to to to to to to to to
it/ it/ it/
it/ it/ it/
it/ it/ it/ it/ it/ it/
it/ it/
it/ to it/ it/
The Spell of London.
The greatest ot modern French
poets. Paul Verfaine, fell instantly un
der the spell of London, even though
he came to it as an exile to earn a
wretched living as a teacher of French
"As a whole," he wrote, "it is very
unexpected and a hundred times more
amusing than Italy or Paris or the
banks of the Rhine." And again.
"The docks are wonderfulCarthage,
Tyre, all rolled into one He deplor
ed the lack of clean cafes, but never
theless, "No matter, this incredible
town is very well, black as a crow
and noisy as a duck." In Verlaine's
view London had no monuments ex
cept the docks. He ignored West
minster, the Tower and all the sights.
For him they do not seem to. have ex
isted.London Chronicle.
Uncle Sam's Public Printer.
The United States public printer has
charge of all business relating to the
public printing and binding. He ap
points the officers and employees of the
government printing office and pur
chases all necessary machinery and
material The foreman of printing has
charge of all matter which is to be
printed. The following are the official
heads of the several departments: Pub
lie printer, secretary to the public
printer, attorney, deputy public printer.
Congressional Record clerk, superin
tendent of work and superintendent of
iot ~\i yt
Tuppenee Saved.
McAndrews (the chemist at 2 a. m.)
Two penn'orth of bicarbonate of soda
for the wife's indigestion at this time
o* night when a glass of hot water does
just as well. Sandy (hastily)Weel,
weel, thanks for the advice! I'll no
bother ye, after all. Good nicht!
School: Report.
Report tor district 10 tor the
month ending September 27:
Number ot days taught, 18: num
ber of pupils enrolled, 40 average
dailv attendance, 37. Pupils with
perfect attendanceLillian and Nile
Blair, Virgie Harmon, Louisa Paj
ette, Rachel, Mary and Blanche Ro
mme, Ada Shaw, Herman Williams,
Leona Reusche and Arthur Pinz.
Pupils who have done perfect work
in readingLeona Reusche, Winnif red
Kenely. Edna Mallotte and Yirgie
Mrs. lu Wetsel. Teacher.
School Report.
School report for month ending
September 28, primary departmnet,
district 4:
Those who attended 20 days were
Rudolf and Agnes Homme, Carl,
Clarence and Ethel Larson, Willie,
Beatrice, Amy and George Peterson,
Ruth Hill and Heiman Teutz.
Blanche and Theodore Burke, Roy
Dejarlias, George Ege, Oscar Olson
and Walter Wesloh attended 19 days.
Those who were perfect in deport
ment were Herman Teutz, Amy and
George Peterson. Clarence and Ethel
Larson, and Agnes Homme averaged
100 in reading.
Ida May Schmidt, Teacher
Fortunes in Faces.
There's often much truth in the
saying "her facets her fortune/' but
it's never said where pimples, skin
eruptions, blotches, or other blem
ishes disfigure it. impure blood is
back of them all, and show the need
of Dr. King's New Life Pills. They
promote health and beauty. Try
them. 25 cents at C. A, Jack's.
Ladies' Smi Week
Commencing Saturday Oct. 5, and
Lasting Until Saturday, Oct. 12
W We have just received a Large Shipment of Ladies' Suits, "The Palmer Suits," and 9S
i|j Will Place Them on Display and Sale for One Week. i
Saturday, and for One Week, Ladies' Suit Sale at Allen's I
it/ it/
it/ And as to Ladies' and Misses' Coats, Only Ask All Ladies' to Come In and See (fi
it/ Our Stock. The Finest and Most Stylish Coat Stock in Princeton. (t)
ll/ The Store With The Right Goods (f\
Hi General Merchandise Princeton, Minnesota W
yi In
All announcements under this head
are paid for, unless otherwise stated,
by the person whose name is affixed to
the announcement at the regular tran
sient advertising rate of 25 cents per
inch or fraction of an inch each inser
tion. R. C. Dunn, whose postoffice ad
dress is Princeton, Minnesota, is the
sole owner of this newspaper.R. C.
Dunn, Publisher.
For Sheriff.
To the Voters of Mille Lacs County,
Having received the republican
nomination at the lecent primary
election for the office of sheriff of
said^couufcy, I respectfully ask your
support at the coming general elec
tion, November 5,191,2. I assure you
that, if I am re-elected, I shall en
deavor to continue to fulfill the du
ties of this office to the best of my
ability and with consideration to all.
Thanking you for your generous sup
port in the past, I am,
Yours truly,
Harry Shockley.
Should All Vote for It.
Friends of good roads everywhere
should keep in mind the good roads
amendment which will be voted upon
at the general election in November
and see that their friends know about
it, and cast their votes for it, also.
Its adoption will mean much for the
cause of good roads in Minnesota
during the next few years.Albert
Lea Enterprise.
The quotations hereunder are those
prevailing on Thursday morning at the
time of going to press:
Triumphs 55CcbW
Burbanks. 30^34
Ohios 28(3)30
Rose [email protected]
Wheat, No 1 Northern 80
Wheat, No. 2 Northern 77
Wheat, No 3 Northern 74
Oats [email protected]
Barley [email protected]
Flax [email protected]
Rye [email protected]
Beans, hand picked [email protected]
Beans, machine run 1 [email protected]
Wild hay 7.50
Tame hay 12.00
Fat beeves, per 3c 6c
Calves, per ft .4c 5c
Hogs, per cwt $6.75
Sheep, per & [email protected]
Hens, old, per Bb [email protected]
Springers, per ft 10c
Minneapolis, Wednesday evening.
Wheat, No. 1 hard, 90c No. 1 Nor
thern, 88c No. 2 Northern, 86c
White Oats, 31c No 3, 29c.
Rye, 63c.
Flax, No. 1, $1.77.
Corn, No. 3 Yellow, 70c.
Barley, [email protected]
Business Chance.
For sale, good hotel business
twenty furnished rooms and has two
good bath and toilet rooms good
barn, gas and electric lights and city
water will sell cheap for cash. Ad
dress J. E. Thompson, box 345,
Princeton, Minn. !tp

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