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1 THE REAR RAMS Minnesota Rich in Agricultural and Commercial Interests but Back- ward in Good Roads. That is the Candid Opinion of a New York Expert Who Has riade Personal Investigation. W. H. Campbell of New York, special representative of the good roads board of the American Auto mobile association, is in Minneapolis this week to make a study of road cor /itions in this state, more partic ularly in the vicinity of the twin cities. The Minneapolis Tribune quotes him as saj ing: I spent a few days in this section six months ago, and found out that, while Minnesota is rich in agricul tural and commercial interests, it is somewhat backward in the build ing of good roads. Since then, how ever, there has been developed a sen timent which is more favorable to passable highways. This has proba bly been brought about bv the edu cational campaigns wnich have been conducted by the \arious civic asso ciations and apostles of good roads. 'New York state leads in road building. Some 1,700 miles of bi tuminous highways were built this ear at an approximate cost of $27,- 000,000 and at the recent election the voters carried the bond issue of $50,000,000 for work in 1913. When good roads were first agitated in the east there was some objection from the farming interests and extra leg islation was necessary to pass the highway budgets. But after a few miles of roads had been built in different sections of the state and the farmers saw the economic value oi good roads the sentiment gradu ally changed. Todaj, if a farmer is located too far away from a state road, he is exerting every influence to get a bianch road built through his district. As a body the farmers are today staunch boosters for high way work, and the vote in the countiy districts on the recent bond issue was strongly in favor of it. The business men throughout the east as individuals are also strong advocates of passable highwajs be cause thev leahze that the state highways permit the farmers to get to the cit\ with their produce at all seasons of the ear and return home with their cit\ meichandise. "There is probablj no one branch of any state administration which has advanced so much as that of engineering and today specialists are employed to get the best there is out of the mateiials at hand and the iorms of construction used. Eastern states wasted money for years in road vvoik on account of the heavy maintenance charges and it was not until a standard specification was adopted for bituminous and concrete roads that this waste was stopped. The increased traffic on roads throughout the country, caused principally by the motor car and motoi truck, not to speak of the in creased wagon tonnage, has revolu tionized road building and constant revision of the highway laws has been necessary to meet this condi tion A dirt road remains always a dirt road no matter how much money is spent on maintenance. The cost of upkeep on the bituminous roads of the east is very small, notwith standing that they are the neaviest traveled roads in the United States. They are built of various sizes of stone which is held firm with a natural asphalt and over this is placed the binder which is from two and one-half to three inches thick. The roads are noted for their ducti bilitj. The surfaces do not exude oil or pitch under the heat of the sun, and neither do they become hard and brittle in cold weather. "The state maintains a close su pervision and every contractor is held to his job as closely as possible in order to get the proper mixture of stone and materials. "Pretty pictures, pleasing stories, lantern slide lectures, resolutions and talk are all right, but what is needed in Minnesota if good roads .i are to be built by the state is a dis played loyalty on the part of the business men and farmers. The matter should be put squarely up to each assemblyman and senator to vote for bigger highway appropria tions." Library Aid. State of Minnesota, Department of Public Instruction, Saint Paul. To Co. Superintendents of Schools: You are advised that the appropri ation of $22,500 for public school libraries for the current school year "'"^"toorlr.ia,^ C. DUNK, Publisher. Terms $1.09 Per Year. has been expended. No further funds are available. You will there fore not certify any more orders on the state auditor for library aid for the remainder of this school year. Semigraded schools that desire to secure special state aid for the cur rent school year will nevertheless be required to expend $7.50, and rural schools of classes A, B, and will be required to expend $5, in making additions to their library. The ap plication of each of these schools for state aid next summer must be ac companied by a receipt for the pur chase of library books, unless the books were bought from the state library contractor, the St. Paul Book & Stationery company. That all schools may have this in formation, you are requested to have this letter reprinted and sent to the teachers and the clerk of each semi graded and rural school seeking state aid, as well as to those of other schools planning to purchase library books. C. G. Schulz. November 1, 1912. Superintendent. Golden Wedding. Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Drescher cele brated their fiftieth wedding anni versary at their home in this village on Tuesday evening and upward of a hundred persons were present to tender their congratulations and participate in the festivities. Eight children and 27 grandchildren were in attendance. Bev. Fisher delivered a verj appropriate address, the boys' band played several selections, a number of old songs were rendered by the guests, and a bounteous sup per was served. Mi. and Mrs. Drescher were born in Posen, Germany, and were married there. They came to the United States 44 years ago and first settled at New Ulm. After residing in va rious places, they settled in Princeton in 1899, where their eight children reside. The children are William, Charles and Edward Drescher, Mrs. Richard Mount, Mrs. John Schlegel, Mrs. Geo. Malkson, Mrs. J. Swanson and Mis. Dan Mirick. Five chlidren are dead. Inadequate Provision for Voting. A Minneapolis gentleman who called at the Union office on Friday said it was an outrageous fact that many voters were prevented from casting their ballots in consequence of an insufficient number of voting macnines and the unnecessary time consumed by illiterates in manipu lating the keys. The old system of voting by means of paper ballots is far ahead of the machine method, said he, for a dozen or more could mark their ballots at one time,ac cording to the number of compart ments provided in a booth,whereas with the machine only one man can vote at a time and he occasionally, through ignorance, consumes half an hour while scores are lined up behind him awaiting an opportunity to use the machine. Where men are actu ally disfranchised because adequate provisions are not made tor them to cast their ballots they cannot be blamed for entering forcible protest. Products Exposition Open. The Northwestern Products expo sition opened in Minneapolis on Tuesday and the show fills 40,000 square feet with the finest exhibits of seven states and more than a hundred county fair or commercial club collections. Various bands and other entertainment features, in cluding moving pictures, enliven the occasion. Minnesota, the two Da kotas, Montana, Washington. Ore gon, Idaho and Alaska have numer ous exhibits on exhibition, and a great opportunity is afforded the people of the northwest to view the resources of the territory named. The exposition is fitted up with a commodious rest room for women and children, a lunch room and tele graph and telephone booths. The Official Election Returns. The county canvassing board, con sisting of F. C. Cater, W. C. Doane, C. F. J. Goebel and A. Z. Norton, convened at the court house on Fri day and concluded its work on Satur day afternoon. The Union this week prints a complete table of the official returns for the county as passed upon by the board. A table of the official returns from the Forty-fifth legisla tive district also appears in this number. 104 Teachers and 3,000 Pupils. County Superintendent Ewing con cluded his work of visiting the schools in Mille Lacs county on Tuesday and he finds them right up to date. He tells us that there are now 104 teach ers in the county and that most of' bhem are graduates of normal and high schools, also that the number of pupils now aggregates 3,000. This is a good showing. FERRELU CO, WIN State Supreme Court Files Order Af firming District Court and Up- holding Right to Recover. Action Resulted From Failure of Great Northern to Furnish Cars for Shipment of Potatoes. The state supreme court has affirmed the ruling of the district court in the case of W. H. Ferrell & Co. vs. the Great Northern Rail way. The history of the case is as follows: It was commenced in August, 1910, to recover damages on account of the failure of the Great Northern Railway company to furnish cars to plaintiff in which to make potato shipments from warehouses in Princeton and other stations in the territory. The railway company at first demurred to the complaint, thus taking the position that, as a matter of law, it was in no respect liable. This demurrer was over ruled by the district court, the court holding with the plaintiff on this issue of law. The railway company then ap pealed to the supreme court, which affirmed the lower court on the legal question involved. The railway com pany then answered and the case came on lor trial before Judge Nye and a jury at Princeton, the trial beginning on November 23, 1911, and ending on November 30, 1911. The jury returned a verdict in plaintiff's favor, on which a judgment was en tered on March 25, 1912, for $6,239.- 24, including interest, costs and dis bursements to that date. An apppeal to the supreme court was again made by the railway com pany and the case was argued and submitted in that court on October 23, 1912, and on November 8, the court filed its order affirming the district court and holding that plaintiff was entitled to recover. Geo. W. Stiles of the firm of Stiles & Devaney, Minneapolis, and E. L. McMillan of Princeton were counsel for the plaintiff, and J. D. Sullivan of St. Cloud and Jas. E. Markham of St. Paul for the defendant. The Balkan-Turkish War. Europe is facing one of the most critical weeks in her history. I may end in a war in which the whole of Europe will be involved or it may be remembered as a week in which diplomacy succeeded in solv ing problems that appeared at first insoluble. An epidemic of Asiatic cholera, smallpox and typhus fever is raging among the troops outside of Constantinople and has also in vaded the capital. Conditions with in the walls of the city are described in the dispatches a& horrible. People are dying by thousands from disease, wounds received in battle and sheer starvation, and unless the struggle is brought to a speedy termination conditions will grow even worse. The Balkan allies are gaining ground steadily, carrying the Turk ish fortresses and sweeping every thing before them. Retreating Turks, say the cable grams, are perpetrating the most diabolical outrages upon christians and are encouraged in their butchery by their fanatical priests, hundreds of whom have been sent to the front to stir up a holy war. Merited Their Support. Now that election is over, just in order to keep the record straight, it can be truthfully said that no one in Mille Lacs county had any inti mation that Mr. I. F. Walker of Spencer Brook intended to become a candidate for representative until after he had filed. Princeton people, however, were pleased when Mr. Walker announced his candidacy and gave him a loyal and whole-hearted support at the primary and general election. I might also be added that Mr. Walker merited the support that was given him in Princeton and Mille Lacs county. Why Teddy Carried Minnesota. Two tillers of the soil were dis cussing the election returns on the Caley Hardware store corner the other day and one of them asked the other if he knew why Minnesota went so strongly for Rooseyelt. I ban no politicker," was the reply. "Well, I'll tell you, Ole," said the other. "Spuds be mighty low, don't it? Und everypody who grows 'em knows alretty yet dat Roosevelt vas a brogressive und brogressive means more brices for der farmer. See?, Ole pulled his whiskers and replied, I ban damned doubtful of such foolish talks." PRINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1912. NEARS COMPLETION flachinery Being Installed in Starch Factory and Completion Only natter of Short Time. Capacity Sufficiently Large to Handle AH Waste Potatoes From the Surrounding Territory. The Princeton starch factory is be ing pushed to completion as rapidly as possiblethe big engine, boilers and Iheavy machinery are being placed in position and bricklayers, carpen ters and other mechanics are putting the finishing touches on the interior of this great industrial establish ment. Elmer Whitney is superin ten&ing the construction work, while August Jaenicke and Henry Heit maii are doing the brickwork. They are'jail efficient men. Considerable difficulty was experienced in obtain ing a good water supply but that has been overcome and a more than suffi cient flow of pure water obtained. The well contractors ran their drill down 271 feet, the last 100 feet being in granite, but no water was struck. The, tube was then perforated at a depjih of 171 feet with the result above stated. li can be truly said that the Princeton starch factory is equipped with more modern machinery and has a greater capacity than any establishment of its kind in the statein fact in the northwest. There will be no necessity for farm ers to permit small or scrubby po tatoes to go to waste when this fac tory opens for business. They can then obtain fair prices for the pota toes which would otherwise be left in the fields to rot. Great expense has been incurred in the construc tion of the starch factory, and the farmers of this section will doubtless appreciate the enterprise of the company in making it possible for them to dispose of their waste pota toes at fairxprices. A concern of this sort is of much benefit, not alone to the farmers but to the business men wbo^furnish these farmers with mer chandise. He Feels Grateful. Mr. I. F. Walker of Spencer Brook, member-elect of the legislature, re quests the Union to thank the voters ol Mille Lacs and the other counties of the district for the splendid sup port they ga-* iSlfe^ %&- & him at the primary and general election. Mr. Walker had a majority of 1,681 ovei his op ponent, Mr. Victor Anderson. That Mr. Walker will make a good, useful member of the legislature goes without saying. He is an old school teacher, is a good business man and is also one of the best and most progresssive farmers of Isanti coun ty. He is the only farmer member on the delegation, and he proposes to give especial attention to legislation that will promote the best interests of the farmers. Official Vote of the County. In another column appears the official vote of the county by election precincts. It will prove interesting to the Mille Lacs count} readers of the Union. The total number of votes cast was 2,097 and it appears there were 92 who failed to vote for any of the presidential candidates, as were but 2,005 votes for all presidential candidates. The two candidates for United States senators, Nelson and Lawler, received only 1,619 votes478 failed to vote for either. There were four candidates congressman at large and their gregate vote was 1,667430 did vote for a congressman at large. Five candidates for governor rep resenting all shades of political opin ion, polled 1,897 votes 218 voters failed to vote for any candidate for governor. There were 200 voters who did not seem to care for any of the congres sional candidates, for the combined vote of Miller, Jensvold and Kaplan aggregated 1,897. I was hardly to be expected that a full vote would be recorded on any of the constitutional amendments. There was no valid reason why the first amendmentthe good roads amendmentshould not have re ceived every vote cast. Mille Lacs county had everything to gain and nothing to Jose by the adoption of that amendment under present val uations the county would receive at the very least not less than two dol lars tor every dollar it would be obliged to pay, and might receive as high as six dollars for one. Yet there were only 1,459 votes recorded in favor of the amendment, 297 voted there of the for ag- not against and 341 practically voted in the negative by failing to vote, hence there were virtually 638 votes against the good roads amendment in Mille Lacs county. Princeton vil lage out of a total of 386 votes, gave the good roads amendment 358 20 voted against the amendment and 8 failed to vote either for or against. The Union is proud of Princeton village's record on the good roads amendment. I is a record that no other voting precinct of the state will equal. On the whole Mille Lacs gave a better vote for the good roads amendment than any other county that we have heard from at the present writing. Potato Market Sluggish. Very little has been doing in the local potato market during the week although prices have shown an up ward tendency. Farmers who have potatoes in their cellars are appar ently inno particular hurry to mar ket them, believing, doubtless, that a material advance in prices will come later. Shipments of Triumphs have been light in consequence of a shortage of refrigerator cars, but a number of box cars loaded with table stock have left this point. Members of Company G. Company will be inspected by the battalion commander on Monday evening, November 18, 1912. The service uniform with cap will be worn. Miss Ruth Briggs, who has been here visiting her brother, L. S. Briggs, and his wife and family for the past six weeks, returned to her home at Edgerton, Wis., on Tuesday. Lloyd Briggs also left for Stevens Point, Wis., upon the same day. Miss Marjorie Dickey came down from Hayland on Monday to spend a week at home in consequence of necessary repairs which have to be made to the school house in which she is teaching. The plastering fell from the ceiling and caused a general disorganization. New telephone instruments are being placed in the stores and resi dences of Princeton by the Tn-State company. They are of the latest de sign and mu6h more convenient than the old ones lor the reason that it is not necessary to turn a crank in order to call central. Rev. and Mrs. Florell of the Swed ish Mission church, Wyanett, leave today for Winnipeg, Canada, to which place Mr. Florell has been called by one of his former congrega tions. While in Wyanett he and his good wife made many friends, who very much regret their departure. R. W. Freer was down from Milaca on Monday settling up some business matters, and said that he and his wife are now comfortably ensconsed in a quiet neighborhood and are well pleased with their location. Mr. Freer would have located in Prince ton had he been able to purchase a house that would suit him. Over in benighted Benton county there was a majority of 21 against the good roads amendment. But there were 1,043 sensible voters in that county who voted for the amend ment 407 voted against the amend ment, and 657 voted in the negative by failing to vote for the amend ment. M. K. Rudd of Milaca, general manager of the Rudd Lumber com pany, has purchased the holdings of the Borgerding Lumber Co. at Roy alton, and a deal has also been closed by Mr. Rudd for the acquisition of a lumber yard at Swanville. The Rudd Lumber company operates something like 65 yards in the state, and will no doubt add to this number as time advances. Jay Herdliska, Os. King, George Staples and George Coates autoed up to Cove on Sunday morning and re turned on Monday. It was a mere fishing trip and they landed many denizens of the deeppike and mus callonge. Hunters, they said, were as numerous as mice deposits on an exposed piece of limburger cheese in a cellar, and it looked like a danger ous proposition to go into the brush. W. H. Thielen came up from Min neapolis on Friday to spend a few weeks. Mr. Thielen is a son-in-law of Mr. and Mrs. M. J. Brands, whose wife is here visiting her parents, and is now a member-elect of the state legislature from the Thirty-eighth district. He is a democrat, an ener getic young business man, and should make a good member of the house. Mr. Thielen is a partner in the printing establishment of Thielen Printing company and is a member of the International Pressmen's union. *V 1 MINNESOTA lilSTCPJOAL VOLUME XXXTI. KO. 47 'RAHFORGOODROADS AH But Four Counties Roll Up Fine ilajorlties for the One-mil Road Tax Amendment. Majority Will Exceed 25,000Five Per Cent Railroad Gross Earn- ings Tax Also Carries. Special to theUnion. St. Paul, Minn., Nov. 14, 1912. Minnesota has declared for good roads in no equivocal terms. The one-mill tax amendment has been adopted by a decisive majority. The seven senators bill has been over whelmingly defeated. Hennepin county gave the good roads amendment a bad black eye, but St. Louis and Ramsey rolled up fine majorities in favor of the meas- ureSt. Louis 5,328 and Ramsey 8,552. Anoka gave a majority of 629, Isanti 385 and Mille Lacs 821 in favor of the amendment. Up to date the only black spots in which the amend ment failed to carry were Cotton wood, Wilkin, Benton and Hennepin counties. At 12 m. today the vote of 71 coun ties had been tabulated at the state capitol and out of a total vote of 229,574 votes 135,948 were in favor of the road amendment. The other 15 counties, one of which is Hennepin, will break about even. Unquestion ably the good roads amendment has a safe majority. The five per cent railroad gross earnings proposition also carries. I is thought all the other amendments will be defeated. Distaict Court Convenes Monday, The November term of the district court will convene next Monday with Judge Carroll A. Nye on the bench and P. M. Woodward official reporter. There are 14 new cases on the calen dar and 32 continued cases, all civil. Thirty-one of the latter are Soo rail road cases. In addition there are a couple of tax cases. A grand jury has been subpoenaed and among other matters which will be brought before that body for consideration is the assault case of State vs. Wil liams, the defendant having been bound over from justice court. Payette's Studio Opens Saturday. Joseph L. Payette, the well-known photographer, has fitted up the store recently vacated by the Armitage Drug Co., opposite the bakery, as a photographic studio, and is fully equipped with apparatus for doing work of the finest quality. The studio will be open to the public next Saturday and an invitation is extended to every one to call, whether thev require work done or not. Being on the ground floor the studio is more conveniently located than was Mr. Payette's old gallery. They Made Votes for Wilson. About all the old fossils of the republican party in this state were ''suckers" on the Taft train Wednes day afternoon as it passed through this city. Van Sant, William Henry Eustis and some others about as noted in politics composed the party. Lord deliver the people from such rump personalities. These are men who were workers against R. C. Dunn in 1904 and they style them selves republicans. Lake Crystal Union. Motion Picture Exhibitions. Tomorrow and Saturday nights moving picture shows will be given at Brands' opera house and, begin ning next Monday, there will be shows every evening during the week with changes of program on Wednes day and Friday. For the week's series Mr. Brands has secured a num ber of the best films manufactured, 1 among them some of the celebrated "101 Bison" features. Plagues Galore. If Doctor Wilson will announce that he will call no extra session of congress, he will assure the country several months of prosperity. Turn ing loose upon the country a wild and woolly democratic congress would near terrorize every industry in the United States, and would give great encouragement to the chinch bugs, the Colorado beetles and the grass hoppers.St. Cloud Journal-Press. Inebriatizing the Cow. The silo is alleged to be a menace to the cattle. I is alleged that cows fed from the silo are showing unmis takable evidence of intemperance and if this continues dealers in milk will soon be obliged to take out a. license to sell intoxicating liquors. Stilrwater Gazette.