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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, December 26, 1912, Image 2

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E letum to Ne York several
days of Dr. Rudolph An-
second in
command of the Stefansson-An
lerso expedition sent to the arctic in
the interests of the American Museum
of Natural History,and the Canadian
.geological survey, marked the end of
nearly four years and a half $ obser
vation and exploration undertaken by
aim and Vilbjalmur Stefansson.
It was Dr Anderson's job to inves
tigate the conditions of animal life in
the region of Coronation gulf, a part
of the body of water separating Vic
toria island from the Mackenzie ter
ritory of the mainland.
In his collection of 1,000 specimens
are the skins and skeletons of many
rare animals and birds, of which the
nineteen Barren island bears are per
haps the most valuable The bird col
lection includes specimens of the whis
tling swan, black brant. Hutchins'
goose, northern and red phalarope,
snowflake, Lapland longspur, parasitic
jaeger, red throated loon and willow
ptarmigan, all from the vicinity of
Ctolville delta
Dr Andeison said that the expedi
tion had collected enough scientific
data of value to make it worth the
four years and a half spent out of
reach of civilization
"We covered nearly the entire coast
trom Coleville river to a Coronation
gulf," said Dr Anderson, "making sev
\jf ral trips inland along the Mackenzie.
Horton and Dease rivers and finding
in some regions, hitherto marked un
Inhabited, tribes of Eskimos that had
never before seen a white man
"Among the so called blond Eskimos
we found copper needles in use in
stead of bone ones, and most of then
other utensils were made of copper
also. The supply of this metal is
abundant in this region, a great deal
of it called copper float, being on the
surface and easily recognizable. Of
course the difficulty in making any use
of this storehouse of riches lies in the
I fact that there is no way of trans
porting it
Blond Eskimos Poor Marksmen.
"These Eskimos still use spears and
foows and arrows to kill game for
food, and they are amazingly poor
marksmen A group of them shot more
than twenty arrows at a single ptarmi
gan one day before they killed it Their
implements are all of the most primi
live variety
"Theie is an immense territory south
of the Endieott mountains and north
of the Yukon which the white pros
pectors have not yet reached except
a few places The Rampart house and
Fort Yukon Indians do not range so
far north except summer, and the
Eskimos seldom cross the mountains
To the knowledge of the natives, no
white man had ever crossed the moun
tains this region
"Starting inland December. 1908,
we decided that it woujd take too long
to return to Flaxman island for flour
and other supplies before crossing the
mountains, and, having as much mut
ton as we could carry on our sleds, aft
er leaving a few carcasses cached to
fall back upon near the end of the Hu
lahula river, we crossed the divide on
Dec. 4 The week before we had haul
ed a load of meat to within a quarter
of a mile of the summit and camped
one night above the willow line
"We now took the sleds over singly
toy putting ten dogs in harness withthan
six men boosting and pulling Descend
ing a rockj creek gorge, we reached
large willows before night The sec
ond day devoted to hunting brought in
one sheep out of eleven
"The third day's travel brought us to
green spruce trees Ptarmigan were
scarce and hard to find, as the river
'valley was wild We were on pretty
short rations before we struck the cari
bou herds on the high foothills on Dec
18 The snow was very deep and soft
on the south side of the divide Our
sleds were soon stalled, and we were
delayed thif davs cutting trees, hew
ing out boards and making toboggans
Had Porcupine Dinner.
"A trail had to be snowshoed ahead,
and travel was slow, all hands 'slug
gmg' in harness with the dogs. Two
porcupines and a great gray owl prov
ed welcome additions to out larder
Canada jays were observed a few miles
north of the limit of spruce trees, and
ravens weie often in sight.
"During the latter part of December
we saw many caribou, at one time
more than 1.000 within rifle rangea
magnificent spectacle We lived in
tents until Dec 27, wbeu we built a
hut of poles covered with blocks of
moss, living in it until late in January,
occasionally seeing caribou, which
were always moving eastward
"We had a rather thrilling experi
ence in the fall of the next year. 1909,
when, after a hard trip over deep soft
snow with heavily loaded sleds, we
crossed a deep estuarv seven or eight
miles wide at the month of a Hrge
river known as the Kngallnk (the west
ern mouth of the Anderson river).
"We crossed in a bhudmg snowstorm
and were stopped near the eastern side
by a strip of very tbm ice, from 100
Fair Natives Make Imple
ments From Abundant
Supply of Copper.
to 200 yards wide. We' followed the
edge of this lead south for about half
a mile and barely succeeded in cross
ing a lead about seventy-five yards
wide, rushing the sleds across singly,
Although the ice sagged deeply.
"On the morning of Nov. 23, 1909,
three of us left Horton river to get a
large number of needed articles cached
an old house near the wreck of the
steam whaler Alexander at Cape Par
ry. The thermometer stood at 31 de
gree below zero, and a gale was blow
ing from west-northwest, with snow
drifting everywhere, but as the wind
was a little abaft we made good time
"We expected to reach Langton bay
in one 'sleep,' so took only six small
fish with usone each for supper and
the same for breakfast. But the next
day the wind increased, blowing all
the ice away from the beach, necessi
tating much hard pulling over bare
ground and sand covered snow Nov.
25 we were unable to travel at all, and
we reached Langton bay on the even
ing of the 26th after a fast of sixty
Bears Raided Stores.
"We reached the cache near the
wreck of the Alexander on Dec 3
Polar bears had broken into the house
and devoured four boxes (about 500
pounds) of whale blubber (all our dog
food), two slabs of bacon, overturned
and spilled a ten gallon can of alcohol
(all we had left) and knocked things
about generally Bears had also clean
ed out a cache of ugynk (bearded seal)
meat and blubber which Stefansson
had made some distance down the ford
"We started back to Mackenzie delta
on June 16. 1910, finding traveling
much better, as the snow had disap
peared and water had run down
through cracks, leaving a smooth sur
face of solid ice five or six feet thick,
but rapidlv disintegrating into sharp
prismatic needles
"Travel was rapid, but exceedingly
hard on the dogs' feet, which had to be
protected by boots or often rewrapped
in calico Sailing from Kittigaryuit
on June 19. three days brought us from
the ice fields to the almost tropical
heat of the Mackenzie delta proper
Mosquitoes were abundant, and on the
22d I found a robins' nest with four
young birds. The season seemed to
be fully a month further advanced
than it was twenty-five or thirty miles
north Fresh moose tracks were seen,
and rabbits appeared to be numerous
"We crossed the divide on Sept 21
and camped on the southern slope, al
though with no fuel but green willows
Next day we moved south about six
miles before we sighted a band of ten
caribou We made camp at once and
succeeded in killing eight. It was dark
before I finished skinning two for speci
mens, and, failing to find camp, I was
obliged to walk the rest of the night to
keep from freezing
"During our entire four years and a
half the times when we depended upon
the supplies we brought from civiliza
tion we often went hungry, but the
year durmg which we lived on the
country we never missed a single
"Whenever we got in touch with
ships, however, a certain amount of
provisions must be obtained to satisfy
native employees, who seemed to con
sider the "luxuries" of civilization
(flour, molasses, etc.) more necessary
did either Stefansson or myself
A native lives only in the present and
considers that he is justified in de
manding whatever creature comforts
are obtainable, while we were willing
to make sacrifices in order to accom
plish an end some distance in the fu
Hard Sledding With Specimens.
"After Dr Stefansson had left the
party I went back to Coronation gulf
where my 1.000 specimens had been
cached We loaded them on sledges,
of which we had onlj two. and drag
ged them in three trips to Bailie is
land, ninety miles away, the total
weight of the whole collection being
about five tons. By a mere lucky
chance we were able to hail the whaler
Belvedere, which cleared from Bed
ford, I, thirtj years ago and has
nevei returned to the Atlantic coast
"We loaded the specimens and then
spent seven I months cruising for
whales, of which we got a number of
fine specimens We killed them with
hard lances, at the end of which were
concussion bombs, which exploded in
side the whale's body.
"I repacked everything at San Fran
cisco, including a fine collection of
nineteen rare Barren Land bears."
Actress Starts New Pans Fad In Use
of Scents.
Fashionable Parisians are now using
scent by hypodermic injection Attar
of roses, violet and cherry blossom
perfumes are the favorites* for this
purpose The craze was started by a
popular actress, who declared that
within forty-eight hours after an in
jection her skin was aaturated with
MyronT.Herrick Advocates Euro
pean System of Rural Credits,
American Agriculturist Spends $250,-
000,000 Yearly For Interest, Which
Would Not Be the Case if He Were
Able to Enjoy the Benefits of the
SystemLife Insurance and Credits.
Myron T. Herrick, United States am
bassador, obtained leave of absence
from bis post at Paris mainly to urge
before the recent convention of the
Association of Life Insurance* Presi
dents in New York-the adoption of a
financial plan for the relief of the
farmer, who is now paying about $250,-
000,000 in interest. He told the insur
ance men that the psychological mo
ment has arrived for the adaptation of
a plan from the European system for
financing rural credits in this country.
In this connection the ambassador sug
gested the creation of a life insurance
plan to cover the indebtedness in the
event of the death of the borrower.
"This subject of agricultural cred-
its," he said, "while of great magni
tude, is really, after all, not intricate
The ope-ation of the Credit Foncier,
the Landschaften, the Baiffeisen and
hundreds of kindred institutions for
land and personal credit so eminently
successful and beneficial in their re
sults in Europe can be very easily ex
plained It is simply an application of
the story of the bundle of sticks tied
togethersingly, easily broken togeth
er, able to withstand any pressure
"Villages, municipalities, cities in
America are really a fungous growth on
the country. They are the natural out
growth of the fertility of the soil.
They are dependent upon it for life,
for existence
The Credit of the Village.
"The village, in order to maintain
schools, make streets, build waterworks
and lighting plants and other munic
ipal utilities, pledges the united credit
of the municipality, the security ex
tending over long periods. This is done
by aid of legislation, which also pro
vides restrictions as to the amount of
the loan, etc In other words, it is a
financial *setup' created by legislative
authority, and the result is magical in
its effect.
"As soon as this security is created
by uniting the credit of the municipal
ity it becomes cosmopolitan in its na
ture Instead of depending on the home
market it has become current security
in any money center of the United
States at a low rate of interest.
"Were it not for this legal authoriza
tion of the arrangement it would de
pend on the local market and neces
sarily little or no improvement could
take place, or at least it would be slow,
cumbersome and expensive Incon
sistent as 'it may seem, the result is
that that which is an artificial growth
on the country has a broad and secure
market, while the country-'-the great
country itself, which produces and is re
sponsible tor the existence of the vil
lages and the municipalities and the
citieshas a local and restricted market
and insufficient capital to promote its
legitimate advancement.
"Every year the farmer is spending
something like $250,000,000 more for in
terest than would be the case if he
were able to enjoy the benefits of this
system. The sum which he expends in
interest should be applied to the de
velopment of the country *It has been
estimated by good authority that he
needs immediately for legitimate de
velopment of the soil more than $2,000,-
"It only needs the application of the
alert minds of the Americans to work
out and adapt these systems, for the
psychological moment has arrived
when it is necessary for it to be done.
Will Unlock Vast Capital.
"There are large accumulations of
capital which are now restricted to lo
cal communities for investment, being
permitted to be applied only to munic
ipal bonds and securities of that class,
aside from local loans When this se
curity is created and put into the same
category this vast capital will then be
unlocked for this investment.
"In the creation of rural securities
I bave considered with especial inter
est the embodiment of a life insurance
plan It would undoubtedly be of great
value to have the debenture, or secu
rity, accompanied by such a policy,
which would insure the liquidation of
the indebtedness in case of the death
of the borrower.
"This is the usual practice where
land and buildings are mortgaged. A
fire insurance policy accompanies the
mortgage and becomes apart of the
bond security. In case of the maturity
of the policy by fire the money is to
be paid to the holder thereof 'as bis in
terest may appear'
"The introduction of the life insur
ance policy in agricultural credits is
undoubtedly a sound economic propo
sition. Furthermore, it would give the
rural community, which Is almost a
virgin field for life insurance, an un
derstanding of the value of life insur
ance. There has just been created in
France acommission "toTRftT report
on agricultural insurance. This is just
Bmr^imcmkAM i
(BSTABIiIsacD 1900)
A private Institution which combines all the
advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital
with the quiet and comfort of a refined and
elegant home Modern la every respect No
Insane, contagious or other objectionable cases
received. Rates are as low as the most effi
cient treatment and the best trained nursing
will permit.
H. C. COONEY, M. D.,
ffcdlcal Director,
MRS S COONEY Superintendent.
Licensed Auctioneer
If you contemplate selling your
Horses, Cattle, Farm Machinery,
Household Goods, etc., call and get
my rates. iji
stipation, Diseases of the Ear.
Epilepsy, Diseases of Eye, Female
Disorders, Gallstones Diseases of
Heart, Kidneys, Liver and Muscles
Lumbago, Pleurisy, Pneumonia,
Rheumatism, Sore Throat, Diseases
of the Stomach and Paralysis.
^Examination Free. Consult
Offices: I. 0. 0. F. Building
Princeton, Minn.
^HmmiNmMHmNttNUIMMHMMnH ^"Notices under this head will be inserted
at one cent per word No advertisement will
be published in this column for less than 15 cts
FOE SALEA two-seated set of
light bobsleds in good condition.
Cheap for cash. N G. Orton,
Route 1, Princteon. l-2tp
double work harness. Apply to
N. A. Lind, box 570, Minneapolis,
Minn. 52-tfc
FOR SALE, CHEAPA fine 80-acre
farm in Greenbush township, 4
miles from Long Siding. H. Him
melman, Mankato, Minn. 49-4tc
WANTEDClover seed and timothy
seed at Caley Hardware Co. 's store.
Highest market prices paid. 47-tfc
FOR SALEA house and lot located
on Main street, Princeton. In
quire of Verne Mott^ Route 2,
Princeton. Tri-State phone. 47-tfc'
WANTEDOats and good dry corn.
Will pay better than shipping
prices. Frank Michael, one mile
west and one# mile south of Prince
ton. 52-2tp
HIDES AND FURSWill pay'you
as high as $8 for your large dark
mink, 65 cents for large winter
rats, $1.25 for weasel and $5 for
black skunk. Will ibuy every day
until Christmas at my fur house,
north of Byers' store, Princeton,
Minn. Allen Hayes. 51-tfc.
FOR SERVICEA registered Po
land China boar. L. King,
Route 4, Princeton. 52-4tc
along this line The life insurance W5'H will please present at Security
policy would also be an excellent ac- State bank, Princeton, for payment
corapanlment for the security ef the i without delay.
personal credit societies." 51-tfc Treasurer of District 50..",
r- 1 %v
Osteopathy has cured many where
medical treatment has failed. Os-
teopathy is a drugless, natural sci-
ence which has been applied suc-
cessfully in the larger proportion of
ailments to which flesh is heir.
It has proved effective in Appen-
dicitis, Asthma, Catarrah, Con-
Sherburne county,
Whosoeve18chold0s order No.su
191 for the oof
E. J. Latta,
Loans Made on Approved
Farm Mortgages,
Insurance, Collections.
First National Bank
of Princeton, Minnesota! tf:
Paid up Capital, $30,000
A General Banking Busi
ness Transacted.
Capital $20,000
Doe a Gen*ra
Princeton, Minnesota
W Handle the Great Northern Railway Co. Lands
Farm Loans Farm Lands
If You Are in Need of a Board or a 3
j= Load of Lumber see the 3
i Princeton Lumber Co.
We can sell you at a lower price
than any other yard. All that
we ask is that you will call and
give us an opportunity to con
vince you. *j* i
GEO. A. COATES, manager
Nothing Better
I *HERE is nothing more appropriate
for a New Year's present to your
father, mother, brother or sister than a pair
of our
We also have fancy shoes and many other
things suitable for gifts which would be ap
preciated by the recipient. Come in and
look over our Holiday Goods.
The best to be had in Princeton.
Solomon Long
Interest Paid on Time De
Foreign and Domestic Ex
change, i 5*
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission
or by the day.
i ^%^%%^%%%%WW%%V%%
Princeton State Bank
Banking Business
Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
..t..t..t..tMt..I..l..i..i..i, tut t.,t,,T. I 111111IH1MIM
Security State Bank
Princeton, Minnesota
Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000
I JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier
't' !4 -t. !!.fq. .g.t. fi if I
['M"M-*"t"l"l"M't"H"H"I"|'iM4i|nHii|i.n. M..| 4.|
Farm Lands Farm Loans
HcMillan & Stanley
Successors to
T^m i
3 A
3 3 3 3 3 3 3
if $

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