OR tbree weeks less than two
years Maurice M. Lustig stood
in the shadow of death, with
nothing but reminders of death
round and about him The sun was
not shining for him. The stars were
twinkling for others. No sun or sky
or earth did he see in those years of
gloom in the death house at Sing Sing
His identity in the world was gone
He was known only as a number. He
was forgotten by all but his family
and the friends who stuck by him
Seventeen men who had been his
neighbors in adjoining cells that
time had gone by his narrow steel
dwelling and had passed through the
little green door. Seventeen men had
been slipped into eternity. The little
green door of the death bouse at Sing
Sing opens on the road from which
there is no turning back I is the
threshold of the electric chair.
Men had gone by Lustig with their
heads bowed in prayer. Men had
[Walked with heads erect to meet their
Redeemer. Men had gone that way
cursing the God who brought them
into the world. Men had been dragged
groveling, shrieking, howling with
fear, begging for mercy, down the short
walk from the death house to death
Awful Meaning of "Go Away."
When the condemned man starts
down that walk they call it "going
away." They never mention the chair
in the death house They never men
tion death. They are breathing its at
mosphere all the time. Every man
keeps count on the days?. He knows
when he is "going away." Lustig saw
them all go. Some had been in the
ueath house before he armed there
others who folio-wed him he saw "go
tug away." Once his day had been set
for "going away," but the day passed.
He says he knew be was never going
through the little green door because
lie had faith in himself, in his lawyers,
Alexander Mayper and Benjamin
Reass, and in the higher courts
And a day came when the court oi
appeals handed down its decisions in
the cases of eleven men who were un
der the death sentence fox murder
Two the chan awaited in Dannemora,
one in Auburn and eight in Sing Sing
Of all these only Maurice Lustig was
granted a new trial. On seAen of the
eight ,Sing Sing the little green door
opened and closed for the first and last
time Today Maurice Lustig walks the
streets of New York a free man
Lustig was convicted of the murder
of his wife The principal witnesb
against him was Mrs Maud Livingston.
It was shown on the stand that she
was the author of three anonymous
letters addressed to Coroner Dooley
Anonymous Letter Caused Inquest.
The first of these letters was receiv
ed the day Mrs Lustig was to be bur
ied. Coioner Dooley hastened to the
house and stopped the funeral until an
inquest could be held He had several
detecth es and policemen with him At
the conclusion of the inquest the coio
ner and thp police went away, and the
funeral was pioceeded with
Three months, later on the ieceipt of
more anonymous letters Lustig was 01
dered arxested The woman kept a
drugstore and swore that she had seen
Lustig take a bottle of strychnine from
a shell the store She i^er said
anything about this, she stated on the
stand, never mentioned it to the coro
ner, nor did she go to the police court
to appear lerainst the pilsonei it was
mainly on her evidence that Lustig was
convicted It was the review of her
evidenct that granted a new tual to
the condemned man and set hiai free.
"Oil, it's great to breathe God's sun
shine dgam," said Lustig "It's great
to be out in the world once, more, to
see people, to have them bump into
you, to hear them talk ind laugh and,
yes, sweni It's a wonderful thing to
know you have filends who will stick
by you to the limit, who will do things
for you without hope of reward, do
them just for you
"I've had them I've got them I
never believed that I was going to the
chair My lawyers didn't I never can
forget Solomon Badesch, who was not
in the case, but who had been my at
torney on former occasions. He it was
who dug up the evidence against Mrs
iLivingstonwho found out she was liv
ing under an assumed name He pho
tographed her former apartments. He
got her history. He was mainly
strumental saving me from the
The Chill of Death.
"When I entered the death house
there were sixteen men ahead of me
I made the seventeenth. I filled the
cells in the house. I did not leave hope
behind, for we had then the newly
discovered evidence. I knew that I
[would never go through the little green
door. But that did not make the sur
roundings the less gloomy It did not
lift the chill from the vaults. It did
not remove the eVer presence of death.
'It was uncanny. It was awful when
they began taking the condemned men
out to the chair.
"The first two to *go away' were Car!
Free After Two Years Maurice Some of the Doomed Men
Lustig Describes Sing Prayed Some Cursed
Sing's Horrors. and Struggled.
Lute and Joseph Cordes. The formei
was a German who had shot a maji.
The second was an Italian who had
mistreated and then killed his daugh
ter. Lutz had a son who was a Luth
eran minister. He was resigned to
death. Cordes took on fearfully. The
shades of all the cells were lowered so
that we could not see the men's faces,
but we could hear Cordes. No one of
us slept the night before. All night
long we sang hymns and read chap
ters from the Bible. We read in turn
and sang together We sang whatevei
the condemned man requested.
"Many,of those scenes I was destined
to go through, and I became accustom
ed to themyes, hardened. But the
one scene to which I never could be
come calloused was the last parting of
the relatives with the man who was
'going away.' This was on the Sun
day previous to the day he was to
pass through the little green door. The
shades were mercifully lowered in
front of our cells, and we were spared
the sight of the scenes which were
taking place, but we could not shut
out the cries and the screams that
rang through the death house. Oh, it
"It seems to me that I will never be
able to forget the depths of despair
sounded by those agonized cries. Fa
thers and mothers, sisters, brothers,
wives and sweethearts went by us,
weeping and in hysterics. They were
carried out fainting. They were drag
ged out raving like maniacs. There
was an awful stillness in the death
house just before those scenes and
long after the cries had ceased to echo
through the corridor
Becker and the Gun Men.
"The papers stated that no signs of
recognition were betrayed by Becker
or the four gun men when the latter
were taken in there. You can rest as
sured that they have spoken since.
The death house has no inequality of
rank They are all on an even plane
there I understand that Becker oc
cupies my old cell. If he does he is
just twp cells removed from the little
green door. They all talk They can
read and write in their cells, and they
can smoke. They receive visitors, but
they talk with them four feet removed
from their cells. A wire screen sep
arates prisoner and visitor four feet
'out from the cells.
"Your wife, mother, sister or sweet
heart may converse with you She
cannot embrace you, she cannot kiss
you. She cannot touch you. You sure
ly have left the world behind you
when you enter the death house at
"The men play checkers Each has
a checkerboard with the squares num
bered They make their own checkers
of bits of pasteboard or paper From
their cells they call the number of the
square from which and to which they
move and call the jumps. Some great
games are played there.
Everything Is Forgiven Then.
"The men fight They cannot reach
each other, but they can call names
and curse each other Then on the
night before a man 'goes away' every
man who has had trouble asks his for
giveness and is forgiven, no matter
what the offense Then all join in
prayer and song
"The last man who 'went away' be
fore I left was young Albert Wolter,
convicted of murdering Ruth Miller
You will remember the case. Most of
the girl's body was found in a sack
on the roof of the house where Wolter
lived The sack was thrown down into
the yard, and there the bones were dis
covered More bones were found in
Wolter's fireplace his room A hand
was found clutching hair which match
ed the color of his
"I believe that Wolter was innocent
of the murder. I heard him swear on
his knees before his father and moth
er when they visited him for the last
time that he had no hand in the mur
der I shook hands with him when he
passed my cell. He said 'Good luck
to you, old man Goodby.' I said,
'God bless you' I couldn't say any
"Joseph Caralla, convicted of the
fiendish murder of a man, was the
worst specimen of manhood in the
death house in the two years I was
there. He was blasphemous beyond
belief The day before the last he
cursed his Maker, he blasphemed
Christ He threw the crucifix on the
floor and stamped on it He tore up
the holy pictures which had been giv
en him and spat on them
Dragged In Through the Door.
"That night, the last night, we pray
ed with him and sang with him as
with the rest He went away, cursing
and fighting, and had to be finally
dragged through the door. And I
heard that just before he was placed
in the chair he begged for a few mo
ments in which to make his peace with
God. He fell upon his knees and prayed.
"Only once did we sing for a man
on the day he was 'going away.' He
asked us the night before to sing as he
went out 'In the Arms of Jesus.' We
sang it, but with indifferent success.
Too many were thinking of the day to
come, ail too soon, when the Iltt|e,
green door would open for them.
was the first time in the history of the
death house there had been any sing
ing on the morning of a man 'going
away.' They 'went away' from the
death house usually between 4 and 5
o'clock in the ^morning. This man's
name was Charles Swinton. He lost
his nerve on the last night, and I think
his mind was unbalanced. At the last
I don't believe he knew what was hap
pening to him.
"Lawrence Spohr was a musician in
the army He shot a man. At times
he gave us a concert on a harmonicon,
and he could make that mouth organ
talk. It was wonderful, the music he
made He could play anything from
ragtime to the classics. He could have
the harmonicon whenever he called for
it When he stopped playing he had
to hand it over to the keeper. Spohr
succeeded in getting another trial aft
er I left and is now in the Tombs.
Warden Kennedy Was Human.
"Music we had in plenty, thanks to
the good he'art of Warden Kennedy
The warden was loved by every man
who ever went into the death house
He was human. Before his coming
our privileges were few enough. He
made for us the best that could be
made of such a situation. He had the
organ and the prison quartet and the
violinist brought in to play and sing
for us. He gave us Bibles and maga
zines and saw to it that we got the
daily papers, all the morning papers
except the Sunday papers. He fur
nished smoking tobacco and cigarette
papers. He brought us fruit and nuts.
He was a prince.
"So was James Connaughton, the
principal keeper'P. K.' we called him
in terms of endearment. He did all
that he could for us The warden's
orders were that we were to have the
best that could be given in the circum
stances. We got it from 'P. K.'
"Father Cashin, the prison chaplain,
was one bright ray of sunshine that
came into the death house. He is a
Catholic priest and in every way
worthy of his cloth. He is a man and
a gentleman He spoke with all the
boys, gave them consolation, talked
with them by the hour, gave them Bi
bles and papers and tobacco. He was
God's own messenger.
"His predecessor, who called himself
the Rev. Jones, was as different as day
from night. The boys got no consola
tion nor sympathy from Mr. Jones. He
said to one of them, 'Well, if you'd
behaved yourself on the outside you
never would have been in here' He
didn't have to tell that to the man
The man knew it.
"Another man among men is Warden
Ed Hanley at the Tombs. He is a fine
fellow and every inch a man.
Lowry the Friend of the Condemned
"There are good men who go to the
death house and talk with the boys and
do something to ameliorate their con
dition One of these is John Lowry of
156 Fifth avenue He takes the great
est interest in the unfortunate. He
visits many of the prisons and reforma
tories and is constantly doing good.
He gives away books and papers. He
helps a man after leaving prison. He
spends his own money and asks no re
turn for it except the reform of the
man for whom he is working. It is a
pity that there are not many more like
him, but there are a few
"There are men in prison who are
better than many who walk the streets
free men I don't say this is universal,
but there are many who have gone
there because they had no money to
hire good lawyers to fight their cases
in the courts This is the kind of men
Lowry and his kind aim to help. I
think I shall engage in that kind of
work when I can get my head above
waterwhen I have the means to do it
"A man never looks on the sunshine
once the door closes behind him in the
death house He is never taken out of
his cell except for ten minutes each
Saturday, when he has his bath. The
bathtub is a rotten old tub with twen
ty years of dust on it When you get
shaved you put your head outside. The
rest of your body remains in the cell.
They use a safety, and it is a pretty
rough affair The food is served on
two battered tin plates You get a
spoon for your coffee Your meat you
eat with your fingers. The fooj* is
good, but the cooking is rotten. A man
in prison needs all the help he can get,
and I am going to do my little best for
the rest of my life to help them all."
New York Evening World.
NO CHRISTMAS TREE FAMINE.
United States Quarantine Affects Small
Area of Production.
The Christmas tree ban of the de
partment of agriculture, which affect
ed only the movement of Christmas
trees across the quarantine lines of the
gypsy and brown tailed moth infested
districts of New England, stirred up a
To offset what the department re
gards as a general misinterpretation
the federal horticultural board has is
sued notice that no restrictions what
ever are placed on the movement of
Christmas trees or greens cut outside
the known gypsy moth infested terri
tory, comparatively limited, in area in
New England, and that the quarantine
order would interefere very little, if at
all, with this business, as most of the
cutting of Christmas trees and greens
Is done beyond the limits of the quar-'
While Christmas trees and greens
cut within the infested area may not
go into interstate traffic because of the
impossibility of so inspecting the trees
as to prevent their carrying possible'
infestation with gypsy moth eggs, this
restriction does not prevent the local
movement of such trees within the
Gleanings by Our Country
DISTRICT NO. 50.
The teacher in district 50 left on
Saturday for her home to spend the
Several parties from Iowa and
other points were here last Saturday
looking for land.
Lee and Guy Fullwiler of Livonia
were visiting their cousins, Burley
and Ernest Campbell, over Sunday.
We wish everybody a merry Christ
mas and a happy New Year, and
especially the Union and its pub
Fred Murphy and Art Campbell
went to Wyanett on Saturday even
ing to play for the dance in the Wy
Theie have been Christmas trees
with appropriate programs in several
of the adjoining school districts the
past few evenings.
Julius Egge and wife of Fosston
are here visiting friends and rela
tives. Julius got married unknown
to all his watchful friends, but
that's the only proper way, Julius.
Could Shout for Joy.
'I want to thank you from the
bottom of my heart,'' wrote C. JB.
Kader of Lewisburg, W. Va., "for
the wonderful double benefit I got
from Electric Bitters, in curing me
of both a severe case of stomach
trouble and of rheumatism, from
which I had been an almost helpless
sufferer for ten years. I suited my
case as though made just for me."
For dyspepsia, indigestion, jaundice,
and to rid the system of Judney poi
sons that cause rheumatism Electric
Bitters have no superior. Try them.
fSvery bottle is guaranteed to satisfy.
Only 50 cents at C. A. Jack's.
A large crowd from here was in
town last Saturday.
Mrs. J. V. Pederson and family
spent Sunday at Henry Forster's.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Sager and fam
ily spent Sunday at Grimschied's.
Peter Eaiche of Minneapolis is
here on a visit with relatives and
Mrs. Derry and sons, Charles and
Joseph, have gone to Rogers for a
few weeks' vacation.
Willie Heruth is ill with the
mumps,* also Willie and -Ida. iMae
May the spirit of happiness en-
ter every heart this New Year
and may the New Year bring to
all health and contentment
The employes as well as the
management of this store wish
to their many friends and cus-
tomers a very merry, happy and
prosperous New Year. *J*
Evens Hdw. Co.
Jones, and Florence and Willie
Miss Pauline Trunk has gone to
Baldwin, where she will spend a
two weeks' vacation.
Relatives of Mrs. Leander, who
have been visiting her, returned to
their homes last Saturday.
The Ladies' Altar society of the
St. Francis church met with Mrs.
Nels Robideau last Thursday.
Miss Jennie E. Ford departed on
Saturday for her home, where she
will spend her Christmas vacation.
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Guderian, sr.,
and daughter, Olga, have gone to
Iowa, where they will spend the hol
idays with relatives.
A happy New Year to the Union
force and its correspondents. May
we all try our best to make the year
of 1913 more successful.
The spelling bee held in west dis
trict 4 school house last week was
very amusing. Miss Ella Heruth
spelled down the school
The Ladies' Aid society of the M.
E. church met with Mrs. Hartman
last Wednesday, and all enioyed
themselves. A large number was
Programs were given in the follow
ing schools last Friday: Districts 5,
7 and east district 4. The pupils
took their parts very well and both
teachers and pupils are worthy of
praise. West district 4 did not give
any program, but the afternoon was
spent very pleasantly in singing and
a spelling contest. Foils a Foul Plot.
When a shameful plot exists be
tween liver and bowels to cause dis
tress by refusing to act, take Dr.
King's New Life Pills, and end such
abuse of your system. They gently
compel right action of stomach, liver
and bowels, and restore your health
and all good feelings. 25c. at G. A.
Rev. Langseth passed
town on Sundav.
Mr. Sherman left for Isanti on Sat
urday to draw his pension.
Arthur Halvorsou 'spent Sunday
with Frank and Tom Hubbard*.
Lewis and Arthur Halvorson are
busy hauling maple cordwood to
Mr. and Mrs. Peter Cook enter
tained the M. E. choir last Sunday
May the Union and its many
readers have a happy and prosperousr
Evervbody has the trapping fever
now and game is being slaughtered
by the wholesale.
Jim Bracken and John Daline were^
visitors at the Gust Daline home oof
rover Halvorson is the proud
owner of a new $24 violin, which he
purchased from Wm. Stibal of Foley.
Miss Stella Penrod arrived home
from Minneapolis on Monday to
spend Christmas with her parents.
Mrs. Huldah Hubbard and family"
spent Christmas with the former's?
daughter, Mrs. Sam Walker, of San
Miss Julia Uggen, teacher in dis
trict33, departed for her home afc
Dundas on Saturday to spend her
Arthur Crook has Ole Forsberg and
Ole Hagstrom building his new
chicken coop, which they have al- *j
Mr. and Mrs. John Philo of Forest
ton have moved into Mrs. Martha
E. Ciook's residence. Welcome to-v
Miss Mollie Christianson returned^
home on Saturday evening from Min- jl
neapolis to spend the holidays with
her parents. Mollie has been em-jy
ployed there for the past five months I
and will return shortly after the hol-^p-*
In the past year Glendorado has i
prospered, many new builidngs have
been erected, roads have been im
proved, and many new families ha#re
joined us, and we hope that before
the year 1913 passes away that many
more improvements will be made..?fl
Here's a hearty welcome to all new
fills your veins with rich, red'
blood. Gives you a hearty appetite,
builds up flesh, makes you strong
and rugged. Hollister's Roeky
Mountain Tea it's health insurance..-
35c., tea or tablets. C. A. Jack.
C. B. Maben Qead. 't^
From the Wahkon Enterprise ""We-
learn that C. B. Maben of Wealth
wood died recently in a Minneapolis
hospital. Mr. Maben was at oner
time a wealthy man and resided in
Minneapolis. Of late years he has
been dealing in town lots around
Mille Lacs lake, but \ie big fortune
which he once posse
have dwindled to a
He was well known
ed is said to
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