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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, January 02, 1913, Image 3

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161 Winnebagos Who Once
Were Drunkards Are Now
Thrifty Persons.
[HE redemption of the Winne
bago tribe in Nebraska, out
lined recently in dispatches,
is one of the most encouraging
incident! in the administration of In
dian affairs. The rehabilitation of this
group of red men from a tribe of de
generate drunkards to a hand of thrifty,
self respecting and self supporting in
dividuals,Ju the opinion of students of
Indian problems, indicates what may
be accomplished by patient, conscien
tious and intelligent effort even in an
instance where the prospect appeared
most unpromising.
For the reforms that have been ac
complished the Indian office frankly
attributes much credit to the unflag
ging zeal or Albert Kneale, superin
tendent of the Winnebago agency, who
appears to be a man as distinctly fitted
for his task as many of his prede
cessors and colleagues in the office of
Indian agent or superintendent have
be-, conspicuously unfit.
In his annual report to the Indian
office recently filed Mr. Kneale gives
some interesting details of the progress
made by the people who are in his
"The Winnebagos are decidedly re
ligious," he says, "and practically all
are identified Avith some religious or
ganization. The old time medicine
lodge continues to exist, although its
membership does not increase. The
Mescal organization remains with us,
although it is doubtful if it is as strong
as it was one year ago.
Church and School Facilities.
4,In addition'to these two organiza
tions we have the Christian churches,
both Catholic and Protestant. The
Catholics have a beautiful school plant
and chapel at Winnebago village, the
former under the management of the
Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament, the
latter under the management of the
Rev. Father Bt. Greise. At this school
Indians, as well as white pupils, are
taken, and the work done is of the
highest standard.
"The Presbyterian church in Winne
bago village, under the pastorate of the
Rev. R. C. Shupe. although not making
a specialty of Indian work, is doing a
good work among Indians. The Re
formed Church of America maintains
a large force of workers under the able
leadership of the Rev. G. A. Water
"Noting that the Indian population it
rapidly spreading out over the entire
reservation, this organization is erect
ing a church in what is practically
the center of the western end of the
reservation, fifteen miles west of their
home church. Their intention is to
erect a home there and maintain a reg
ularly ordained pastor. In fact, this
church home is practically completed
at the present writing.
Health Conditions Good.
"Health conditions both at the agen
cy among the employees and through
out the reservation among the Indians
continues to be good. Seventy-five per
cent of the families are living in good,
substantial frame houses, and for the
most part these houses are kept in good
"The Indians continue to show a
strong desire to improve, occupy and
farm their best land, and we are kept
busy during the building season select
ing building sites, discussing plans, let
ting contracts and supervising construc
"There is only one government school
upon this reservation, the Decora day
school, and the attendance has been
good. The census shows 250 children
of school age eligible to attend school.
Of this number 139 are enrolled in the
government school, thirty-seven in the
mission schools, forty-four in public
schools, and the remaining thirty-nine
are not attending any school. Many of
those not in school are five and six
years old.
"There are 161 Indians who are en
gaged in farming, handling a total crop
of 11,853 acres, an average of 65.4 acres
each. This acreage does not include
pasturage, timber or waste land. It
represents simply the acreage now in
crops. It is estimated that they will
raise this year 203,000 bushels of corn.
20,000 bushels of oats, 3,000 bushels of
wheat. 825 tons of hay, 30 tons of
broom corn and 1,000 bushels of pota
Corn Crop Worth $104,950.
"Estimating that corn Will be worth
cents- a bushel, the total valuation
of their crop this year will be $104,950.
Recentlyv none- of their corn brought
them less-thanr50 cents, and much of
it brought them'as1
high as 60 cents.
"In last year's-report I said: 'The
thing of greatest importance that has
occurred on this reservation during the
last year is that so many Indians have
taken possession of their own allot
ments, have improved and are farming
them. In fact, this movement has been
so great we have bad all we could pos
sibly do to take care of it, and what
with securing relinquishments from
the lessees of the land, discussing and
adopting plans and specifications with
i 'i\ i
Reservation Corn Crop Is
Worth $104,950Official
Proves His Worth.
the Indiana, securing proposals and let
ting contracts and supervising the con
struction, the persons having the work
In hand have had all they could attend
to, especially when they endeavored in
addition to supervise the farm work
done by 174 Indian farmers.'
Nine Sets of Improvements.
"In this year's report it can only be
stated that the interest continues. Lit
tle that was gained last year has been
lost, and additions have been made
thereto. At the present moment there
are nine full sets of improvements un
der construction.
"Edward Hatchet, a full blood, began
farming last season. It was his first
effort. At the beginning of the season
he was $300 in debt. At its close he
had a fairly complete set of farming
implements, a wagon, top buggy, har
ness, etc., and was free from debt, had
hay and corn sufficient to last through
the winto and to put in the crop this
spring. Tms year he has moved to his
own allotment and is farming on a
larger scale.
"Alex Hittlef a full blood, who began
farming in 1909 and who farmed about
eighty acres in 1911, owns 200 acres of
land several miles from the eighty that
he farms. The lease expired upon this
200 acre tract last March, and he de
sired to renew it.
"The tract was appraised by this of
fice at $2.75 an acre, and when the les
see offered $3 an acre .Hittle was urged
by the superintendent to complete the
lease. He speaks little English, but
through the interpreter he addressed
the superintendent practically as fol
*A few years ago if you had advis
ed me to sign that lease at $3 an acre
I would have done so. I have been
farming for myself for a few years,
and I have learned the value of this
land, because I know what it will pro
duce and what this product will bring
in the market. I know more than you
do about the value of this land. If I
am unable to get $4 an acre for it I
shall work it myself, in addition to the
land I am already farming, and I know
I can make more than $4 an acre
from it.'
"It must be added that the lessee
raised his offer to $4 an acre and the
land was leased. This story is related
not so much to show the business acu
men of this office as to show that some
of these Indians aTe 'getting wise.'
"A corn show was held in Winnebago
village last fall in connection with a
farmers' institute. At this show Win
nebago Indians took second and third
prizes in open competition, the judges
being representatives of the State uni
versity. At the Thurston county agri
cultural fair last fall a full blood Win
nebago Indian captured a prize for the
corn he exhibited.
"Mary Johns Hittle, a full blood and
the wife of Alexander Hittle, made but
ter throughout the season and sold it
in the market at Winnebago village,
receiving the highest market price for
her wares. Frank Boyd, another full
blood, milked cows throughout the sea
son and sent his cream to Sioux City,
"Willie Sun, a full blood, received a
patent in fee to forty acres of inherited
land during the season of 1911. He
sold the land for $80 an aere, $2,000
cash and the balance payable in two
notes of $600 each at 5 per cent, secur
ed by mortgage on the land he sold,
one due in one year and the other in
two years.
No Reason to Fear High Prices.
"I had occasion to be in his cellar
last December and found there about
forty bushels of potatoes, two bushels
of onions, two bushels of black wal
nuts and more than 100 quarts of can
ned fruit, which bad been canned by
his wife. Clara Payer Sun. His barn
was filled with hay and corn. He has
set out an orchard and is caring for it.
He has in forty acres of corn this year!
and it is as good as the best in the
"Henry Thomas moved upon and be
gan to farm his awn allotment last sea
son. He has a very large family and
only forty acres in his allotment, but
It is exceedingly fertile soil. Thomas
is a very devout Christian. When he
planted his con* he set aside fifty rows
as'belonging to Jesus.' He harvested
this corn separately and marketed it,
and something like $90 was added to
the missionary fund of the Dutch Re
formed church as the resultthis in
addition to supporting his large fam-
In the final paragraph of his report
the superintendent pays his respects to
the rapacious white scalawags as fol
"Only five patents in fee have been
issued during the last year, two on
original allotments and three upon In
herited lands. Few Indians are so
constituted that they can reap any ben
efits as a result of patents in fee. It
makes no difference how competent
they may appear to be, the wolf pack
that is ever upon their heels ultimately
overtakes them. There may be a strug
gle, but it is of short duration, and the
outcome is absolutely certain." I
A Little Drama Enacted In Uncle
Sam's Assay Offices.
Naturally, if one can play at a game
two can play at the same game., Some
of the bigger smelter companies, whose,
output is sufficient, have undertaken
the task of recovering this platinum
themselves. If Uncle Sam can hjlp out
his payroll with platinum Aidues
there is no reason why a privately con
ducted smelter cannot do the same
thing. So the electrical method of re
fining is coming more and more into
use, and the highbrow professors in
the mints who have been searching for
platinum have discovered that the
smelter bars sent in for coinage are al
most 100 per cent fine, without so much
as a smell of platinum in them.-F.
Irving Anderson In New Tork Tribune.
^Highbrow Profe*6r* Pilled Up the
Cast, and, With Acids and Precious
Metals as Stage Properties, They
8cored a Brilliant Success.
Even the United States government
has become possessed of the present
day fever to eliminate any waste and
stop leaks in the methods of doing
things. The results, particularly in
the mints and assay offices, have been
For instance, the old method of ex
tracting gold from baser metals when
it came from the mint consisted merely
of treating the smelter bars of gold
with nitric acid, which dissolved out
the baser metals, leaving the gold with
a small percentage of impurities that
could be removed by fusing with niter.
Germany went the United States ne
better in this. The professors over
there, men whose genius for scientific
detail is unsurpassed by those of any
other nation, perfected a process for
refining by electricity. Simply stated,
it is nothing more nor less than electric
plating. The smelter bars are placed
in the plating bath, and the gold is de
posited in an absolutely pure state.
leaving the base metals behindfoxsolu
It was this residue that interested
I the high brow professors. The fact
that platinum is frequently found with
gold has been recognized ever since
the science of metallurgy was in swad
dling clothes also the fact that sold
and platinum have one quality in cvoi
mon1. e., that no single acid known
Will dissolve them. It takes a combi
nation of nitric and muriatic acids to
get either of these two metals in solu
tion. Silver, on the other hand, is
readily soluble In nitric acid. No one
ever thought of testing a nitric acid
solution of silver for the presence of
platinum because of the theory, sound
as religion, that platinum could not be
dissolved by nitric acid. Therefore, it
was argued, if there wasn't enough
silver in the solution to make it* worth
While to extract it. then, of course,
there could not be any platinum, so
into the sewer it went
The professors began to experiment.
At the first step they uncovered the
dusky gentleman in the wood pile.
They discovered a curious factname
ly, that, while platinum alone was not
soluble in nitric acid, some of its al
loys with silver were soluble. For
instance, a composition of 5 per cam
platinum in silver is readily solable.
Right there was the clew leading W the
discovery that for years out of mem
ory untold quantities of the precious
metal, essential above all others in
electrical manufactures, had been run
i ning into the sewer. All solutions were
carefully tested. Salts of irc|n were
added, precipitates supposedly^silver
were analyzed, and since then plati
num at the rate of $5,000 a month has
been offered for sale by Uncle Sam.
It is Interesting to trace the sources
of this gold in that the facts suggest
that sooner or later deposits of plati
num in large quantities are going to
be found. Little of the gold coming
from the western United states and
Alaska contains platinum. It is found
almost entirely, in the gold mined in
Mexico and South America. Gold from
these districts is coming in larger
quantities year after year. It is found,
for instance, in what is popularly
I known as Guinea gold. Guinea gold
has a peculiar luster all its own. It is
highly prized in the jewelry trade for
this same peculiar color.
There are vast reaches of wilderness
in South America that, filled with
miasmic swamps and lurid savages
armed with poisoned arrows, have so
far resisted the advance of the white
man. It seems not too much to expect
that sooner or later, when these dis
tricts are exploited, platinum in large
quantities will be discovered. Some
Bret Harte is probably a-borning now
to sing the romance of Platinum gulch.
The romance of gold is founded oh the
material consideration of $20.67 an
ounce, which the governments of 'the
earth have decreed must be its price
now and for evermore. They will
have to build a second story exten
sion on the romance of the metal that
is worth twice as much as gold.
Now that Uncle Sam is finding this
mine of platinum in the supposedly un
alloyed bars that the big refining com
panies are sending in from their smelt
ers, the interesting question is arising
Who owns the platinum. Uncle Sam or
the refineries? Uncle Sam bought their
gold, refined it for them at cost and
paid them dollar for dollar out of his
pocket Actually he was out on the
transaction. Now that he has stopped
the leak in his drainpipe, he is a little
(BSTASL&hjBD i66) .,.i
A private Institution which combines all the"
advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital
with the quiet ana comfort of a refined and
elegant home. Modern in every respect. No
insane, contagious or other objectionable cases
received. Rates are as low as the most effi
cient treatment and the best trained nursing
will permit.
H. G. COONEY, M. D.,
medical director*
MRS. P. S. COONE. Superintendent!
NELLIE JOHNSON. $ttHkl &*&&'
Licensed Auctioneer
If you contemplate selling your
Horses, Cattle, Farm Machinery,
Household Goods, etc., call and get
my rates. y
Princeton Minn.
Osteopathy has cured many where
medical treatment has failed. Os
teopathy is a drugless, natural sci
ence which has been applied suc
cessfully in the larger proportion of
ailments to which flesh' is heir.
It has proved effective in Appen
dicitis, Asthma, Catarrah, Con
stipation, Diseases of the Ear,
Epilepsy, Diseases of Eye, Female
Disorders, Gallstones Diseases of
Heart, Kidneys, Liver and Muscles
Lumbago, Pleurisy, Pneumonia,
Rheumatism, Sore Throat, Diseases
of the Stomach and Paralysis,
^"Examination Free. Consult"
Offices: I. 0. 0. F. BwMing
Princeton, Minn.
%35~ Notices under tills bead will be Inserted
at one cent per word. No advertisement will
be published In this column for less than 15 cis.
LOSTA big, yellow Scotch Collie
dog with a strap around his neck
and a ring on it. Finder please
notify Geo. Wolf, Route 5, Prince
ton, for reward. itp
FOR SALEA two-seated set of
light bobsleds in good condition.
Cheap for cash. N. G. Orton,
Route 1, Princteon. l-2tp
double work harness. Apply to
N. A. Lind, box 570, Minneapolis,
Minn. 52-tfc
WANTEDClover seed and timothy
seed at Caley Hardware Co.'s store.
Highest market prices paid. 4T-tfc
FOR SALEA house and lot located
on Main street, Princeton. In
quire of Terae Mott, Route 2,
Princeton. Tri-State phone. 47-tfc
WANTEDA dining room -irl aft
the Commercial hotel. ltc
WANTED^-Girl to assist with
housework. Inquire of Mrs.
Thoma, at old Mudgett farm. Itp
to-buy hides and furs every day at
my old stand, north of Byere* store,
and will pay Minneapolis prices.
Allen Hayes. 2-tfc
FORSERVICE-A registered P0r
land China boar. L. J. King,
Route 4, Princeton.. 52-4tc!
FOR SERVICE-A full-blooded,
pedigreed, Poland China boar. A
H.' Durbin, Route 2, Zimmerl
Whosoever holds order No. 272, of
school district 50, Sherburne county,
dated July 18. 110, for the sum of
$15.25, will please present at Security
State bank, Princeton, for payment
without delay. E. J. Latta,
51-tfc Treasurer of District 50.
9 JL.J&
Farm Mortgages,
Insurance, Collections.
,jri I r?
Exclusive Shoe
First National Bank I
of Princeton, Minnesota.
Paid up Capital, $30,000
A General Banking Busi
ness Transacted.
Loans Made on Approved
i: ihciVliiiaii & Stanley
r., Successors to Interest Paid on Time De
Foreign and Domestic Ex
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission 1
or by the day.
innutUtM "tmt
Princeton State Bank
Capital $20,000
yo-^i Bankinf Business
Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
Security State Bank
Pr/ncetoii, Minnesota
I Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000
Princeton, Minnesota
We Handle the Qreat Northern Railway Co. Lands
I Farm Loans Farm Lands
If You Are in Need of a Board or a
Load of Lumber see the 3
We can sell you at a lower price
than anv other yard All that
we ask is that you will call and
give us an opportunity to con
vince you. *j *jf
CJEO. A. COATES, Hanager
Nothing Better
Cashier casnier..
HERE is aothing more appropriate
for a New Year's present to your
father, mother, brother or sister than a pah
of our
We also have fancy shoes and many other
things suitable for gifts which would be ap
preciated by the recipient. Come in and
look over our Holiday Goods.
:j\ The best to be had in Princeton!'
Solomon Long*
3 .'I.jtt.uv.y^fVfia.
Stere,^- $U -^J.- $ Princeton, fllii
A. EATON, Cashier
Farm Lands Farm Loans I T"
H- "st
"f A

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