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Bills to Provide Appropriations for De- fraying Expenses of Veterans to Gettysburg Discussed. Oleomargarine Bill Drawing a Color Line on the Product is Recom- mended for Passage. A new bill to take the place ot several measures piohibiting unfair discrimination in lumber, grain and other commodities is being drafted by a senate subcommittee. This bill will aim to prohibit unfair discrimi nation in the buying and selling ot any commodity in general use. The house swmniittee on public buildings recommended for indefinite postponement Kepresentative Knud Wefald's resolution calling for the investigation of charges that liquor was served in the office of the secre tary of state on the night of Governor Eberhart's inaugural ball. There appears to have been but little or no foundation tor the charges. The Gettysburg bills were dis cussed before the committee on appropriations, J. IS". Searles of Stillwater and Ed Stevens of Minne apolis. First Minnesota \eterans and officers of the First Minnesota Regi mental association. fa\ oring the bill introduced by R. C. Dunn. Under this bill all First Minnesota \eterans who were on the rolls of the regi ment prior to or at the time ot the battle and who weie honorably dis charged would be taken to Gettys burg, as well as all survhors of the battle who live the state. Some ot the members of the G. A R. Gettysburg committee are not in cluded in the eligible list, and. seem mglj, tor this reason General A. Grant, chairman the commission, declaied himself in fa\oi of the Kneelancl bill, which piowdes foi an appropriation ot 1)25.000 and also that all Minnesota citizens who weie in the battle, no matter vvhat legiment, shall be taken to the cele bration. The senate, committee of the whole, without am opposition, rec ommended tor passage Senator Frank Clague's bill to give cities of less than 10,000 population the light of local option law now enjoved onl.\ by Milages A similai bill was bitterlj fought in both bodies of the last legislatme and defeated the last night ot the session. With the unanimous approval of tne house committee on transportation. C. M. Bendixen's bill reducing lail vvay tares to 2 cents a mile on all railroads whose annual passenger ^earnings exceed $1,200 a mile in Minnesota, has been placed on gen eral oideis. On the calendai the house passed A. B. Peterson's bill for a consti tutional amendment allowing state trust ninds to be loaned on farm lands. Regardless of the fact that the senate 1 ejected the proposition to submit the woman suffrage question to a vote of the people, the house committee on elections has voted to report out the Laison bill, which virtually covers the same grounds, with a recommendation that it pass. The house laboi committee has recommended for passage a bill pro viding for an eight-hour day for women and children workeis. Do mestic servants and nurses do not come within the provisions of the bill. This is a good measure. A duplicate of Ohio's initiative and referendum act appeared in the house with the unanimous approval of the house committee on elections, and this bill will take the place of the drafts covering the same subject introduced by Albert Pfaender, C. M. Bendixen, H. O. Bjorge and W. A. Campbell. The new measure provides tnat amendments to the state constitution may be initiated by a petition of 10 per cent of the voters, statutory legislation by 3 per cent, and that a referendum vote shall be taken on a 6 per cent peti tion. The farmers of the house showed their strength on the labor commit tee's bill requiring full reports of all accidents to the state labor bureau. They lined up for an amendment offered by H. H. Dunn relieving farmers of the duty ot mak ing reports except as to accidents caused by threshing machines, corn shredders and similar machinery. L. C. Spooner and other farmers rallied to the amendment, and H. H. Dunn declared that if it should be defeat ed the farmers ought to kill the bill. The amendment was carried over protests by W. A. Campbell and F. L. Klemer, and the bill then was iMiiim .sufa lINto: ictil hiK-ii-tv passed. Representative Pless has intro duced a bill to restore the death penalty. His proposition differs from the old law in that he would leave it to the jury to say whether a convicted man should hang or go to prison for life. Wholesale merchants are interested in a bill by C. X. Orr of St. Paul, which passed the house on Saturday. It is expected to ha\e the effect of stopping the practice ot merchants about to go into bankruptcy of sell ing out their stock and defrauding the creditors. The old law said such a sale should be '-presumed to be fradulent" unless proper notice was given, but the Orr bill says that such action "'shall be fraudulent," and under it such sales would be set aside. A bill has been recommended for passage by the house committee on dairy products which provides that oleomargarine offered for sale shall not be less than '"55 per cent white" accorrding to the government stand ard of color measurements. Accord ing to the technical men in the dairy business this will permit a yel low tinge in oleomargarine, but the yellow will not be the golden yellow produced in the creameries, and no one will be deceived into purchasing '55 per cent white" oleomargarine for butter It is believed that this provision will ovecrome the weak spot in the present law found by the state supreme court when the yellow oleo clause was declared invalid. After debating for moie than two hours on the county assessor bill, the house on Tuesday adjourned without acting on the measure. The bill developed one ot the hottest controversies of the session, many country members arguing in favor of keeping the control of the assess ments in the hands of township ofhceis In a chaiacteristic, straight-rrom-the-shoulder speech Repiesentative R. C. Dunn drove home this httle bit of pleasantry I voted foi county option two years ago, but from aome of the arguments I have heard heie today I think 1 must have made a mistake. I hope those who are arguing so strong for township control today will be con sistent when it comes to voting on county option. The men opposed to this bill aie the tax dodgers, and there is a little gang of them in every town and Ullage that get out of paying then fair share of taxes by standing in with the local asses sors. I know the sentiment of this house is against the bill and you are going to kill it. but some future legislature is going to take different tactics." The election contest between C. A. Gilman, former lieutenant gov ernor, and Representative Joseph Coates will be fought out on the floor of the house some time next week. The majority report of the committee recommending the seating ot Mr. Coates and the minority re port, in opposition, are being pre pared. School Report. School report for January, primary department, Freer school: Pupils perfect in attendanceBlanche and Oliver Burke, Carl. Inez and Lillian Larson, George Ege, Agnes Homme, Ruth Hill, Oscar Olson. Agnes Pihl, George and Amy Peterson and Wal ter Wesloh. Theodore Burke at tended 19 days. Those perfect in de portment for the entire month were Blanche Burke. Agnes Homme, Lil lian and Inez Larson Agnes Pihl, Amy and George Peterson and Wal ter Wesloh. Oscar Olson, Walter Wesloh, Lillian Larson and Amy Peterson were perfect in reading. Ida May Schmidt, Teacher. Owen Bracken Celebrates. Our old friend, Owen Bracken, cele brated his ninety-third birthday an niversary last Sunday and treated those who honored the old civil war veteran with their presence to an Irish jig. Owen is^a remarkably well-preserved old gentleman and one of the most genial men extant. He has worked hard during his day and even now, at his advanced age, oc casionally insists upon going out into the yard and splitting wood for "ex- ercise." The Union takes a kindly interest in Mr. Bracken and hopes that he may live to pass the century milestone. Initiative and Referendum Doomed. The votingand lack of voting on the constitutional amendments is an indication that the people of Min nesota are not quite ready for the initiative and referendum. Of the amendments submitted last fall only two were approved, the one-mill tax for good roads and the increase of the gross earnings tax of railroads. St~ Cloud Journal-Press. R. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms gl.00 Per Tear. PRINCETON, MELLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1913. ITS GROWTH RAPID Annual Report of Pease Co-operative Creamery Shows 1012 Busi- neas a Record Breaker. Farmers Increasing Dairy Herds and Improving Breed by Acquisi- tion of Blooded Sires. The annual meeting of the Farm ers' Co-operative Creamery of Pease was held on January 2 and the offi cers elected were as follows: H. Van de Reit, president Henry Minks, vice preisdent G. H. Stratmg, sec retary Frank Salee, treasurer. Di rectors: C. H. Modin, H. A. Hu bers and August Anderson. F. H. Bartelt, buttermaker, was retained. A summary of the annual report, as submitted by^the secretary and adopted by the convention, follows: Pounds of butterfat received from shareholders 111,312 7 Pounds of butterfat received from nonshareholders 20,171 7 Total pounds of butterfat rec 131,484 4 Pounds of butter manufactured 158,422 5 Overrun, pounds of butter 26,938 1 Overrun, percentage 20 41 Pounds of butter shipped 154 486 Ponnds of butter sold to patrons. 3,936 5 Average net price obtained for butter sold 28 42c Average price paid for butterfat.. 31 02c Average monthly price paid to share holders "3 00c Average monthly price paid to non shareholders 30 97c Average monthly price of New York extras 31 CO RECEIPTS Butter $45 025 29 Shares of stock 155 00 Oil Total $45 181 09 DISBURSEMENTS Shareholders for butterfat Nonshareholders Running creamery and supplies Interest taxes and insurance Dividends to shareholders, 7 per on stock Reraairs and improv ementa Note Balance on hand $34 899 42 5,898 04 3,044 80 G2 ')0 cent 122 64 267 71 800 00 85 58 Total 345,181 09 It will be noted from the above statement that $45,025 was receivsd from butter sold for the year 1912, that $34,899.42 was paid to sharehold ers for butterfat and $5,898.04 to patrons other than shareholders. The Pease creamery is an establish ment that has shown rapid growth and shareholders are being added to its list almost daily This shows that the farmers of the territory are alive to the fact that a co-operative creamery is a paying investment, and they are consequently increasing their dairy herds and improving the breed by the introduction of bloodea sires. The Pease creamery is fortu nate in having officers and directors who are good business men, and the future success of the corporation is therefore 'assured. Mille Lacs county has a large num ber of co-operative creameries, all of which are being successfully conduct ed, but there is room for many more. The greater the number of co-opera tive creameries the greater the pros perity of the farmers, and hence the greater the business of the mer chants. Creamery Organization Meeting. A public meeting will be held at Zimmerman on Thursday. February 20, for the purpose of considering the reorganization of the farmers' co-operative creamery at that place. A speaker from either the state dairy department or the state dairy association will be present to address the assemblage. O. M. Warner, manager of the Princeton Cp-opera tive creamery, will be in attendance to render whatsoever assistance he can in bringing about a reorganiza tion. For some reason or other the farm ers' creamery first established at Zimmerman did not prove a success probably because the members did not stick together and sold part of their cream to the centralizers. I seems to us that a co-operative creamery at Zimmerman should prove a paying proposition if the farmers give it their full support. Reduced Parcel Post Rates Urged. Postmaster General Hitchcock's an nual report, made public on Monday, tentatively suggests a reduction of some parcel post rates and increasing the limit of weight beyond 11 pounds. He also recommends an increase in the rates of second-class mail and the consolidation of the third and fourth classes so that books and papers may be forwarded by parcel post. In the course of a statement on the condition of postal finances Mr. Hitchcock says in his report: "In 1911, for the first time since 1883, postal receipts exceeded '^"y^wi^^^s^ ^j^^^"^f postal expenditures, leaving a surplus instead of a deficit. A heavy loss of revenue in 1912, due to the extraor linary amount of franked matter mailed in the political campaign, created a temporary deficit, but since the close of the fiscal year the in come of the department again has outstriped expenses." The franking privilege which is extended to congressmen should be abolished. Thousands of tons of printed matter are sent out by con gressmen at the people's expense for the sole benefit of these congressmen, and this is the reason, as Mr. Hitch cock states, that the postoffice de partment has in previous years shown heavy deficits. Tuberculosis in Fowls. Dr. W. L. Boyd of the Minnesota State farm at St. Paul, publishes an interesting article in the Univeristy Farm Press News on tuberculosis in fowls. He says in part: "The number of affected fowls received at the veterinary division laboratory would lead one to suspect that this disease is becoming quite prevalent in -various parts of the state. Numerous cases of liver troubles which have been diagnosed by poultrymen as "'going light," spotted liver, fatty liver, and rheu matism have proved to be tubercu losis. Tuberculous fowls are usually found on premises where the disease is present or has been present in either cattle or hogs, or both. The disease is caused b\ germs or minute vegetable organism known as the bacterium tuberculosis. This organ ism is strictly parasitic, and does not find conditions favorable for growth outside of the animal body but it may live in the soil protected from sunshine for a number of years. The disease or infection may be transmitted directly from a tuber culous fowl to healthy ones, but it is undoubtedly more frequently spread through the foodstuffs which are ob tained from the droppings of tuber culous cattle or hogs. In chickens the liver is the chief organ selected as the point of attack. The liver becomes enlarged and coveied with small spots or tubercles, which may be sp|t or calcified (gritty) depending upon the stage of the disease. At times the intestines may be covered with tubercles and they may also be found in the bheetlike tissue support ing the intestines The lungs or 'lights' aie rarely affected. All fowls should be subiected to a caietul examination before preparing them foi the table. High Prices and Highways. Poor highways contribute to the high price of farm produce to the consumer, for transportation charges enter into the ultimate cost of every aiticle of food produced on the American farm. The influence of roads on prices reflects not only upon the man who raises the product, and transports it to maiket, but on the consumer as well. This is one rea son why highway improvement has become a state and national issue. It is one reason why country roads should be constructed and maintained out of the general funds of the pub lic instead of by assessments against adjoining property or from strictly local sources. The average cost per ton per mile for transporting goods on American highways is 23 cents in France and other European countries it costs 9 to 11 cents. The greatest obstacle to highway improvement in many states is the manner in which public money has frequently been expended, and the fear that large sums will be spent without securing adequate permanent results. Whenever the American taxpayer has reasonable assurance that public funds will be efficiently expended he shows an in creasing willingness to be taxed. Northfield News. Earl Henschel Harried. Earl Henschel, son Mr. and Mrs. Frank Henschel of this village, and Lulu Vernon, daughter of Mrs. A. C. Vernon, were married in the rectory of St. Edward's Catholic church on Monday morning. The witnesses to the nuptials were Gerald McDougall and Annie Ver non. After the ceremony Mr. and Mrs. Henschel drove to Elk River and from there took the train for Minneapolis. They will be at home at the Ideal restaurant, Princeton, with in a few days. A Thousand and Thirty Cars. So far this season the number of cars of potatoes shipped from, Princeton aggregates 1,030, which is, considerably less than the total last year at this time. During the month' of January 310 ears were shipped from this point. w^^^^^^ 4 ^'^jp^At'*^^~^^X^^^* DIRECTORS^MEETING The Princeton Co-operative Creamery Board Convenes and Disposes of Important Business. Merchants Enter Into Agreement With Board Regarding the Hand- ling of Dairy Butter. This concluded the business of the convention. Sunday School Rally. In the Methodist church next Sun day afternoon a Sunday school rally will be held. Mr. Locker, the noted Sunday school worker, will address the meeting and addresses will also be given by Rev. C. Larson, Miss Margaret I. King and Rev. Service. A special musical program in which a quartet, the Sunday school or chestra and the primary class will take part, will be rendered. Mr. Locker will also conduct the Epworth league meetinr in the audience room of the church from 6:30 to 7:30 p. m. Everyone welcome. Rev. Wahlund Again Honored. Rev. G. Wahlund of Warren, Minn, was re-elected president of the Red River Valley Swedish Lutheran association at the annual meeting held at Grand Forks last week. The association comprises the church territory in the northwestern part of Minnesota and northeastern North Dakota.Cambridge North Star. Refused to be Discharged. The jury, after long deliberation, seemed unable to agree in a perfectly clear case. The judge, thoroughly exasperated at the delay, said: I discharge this jury." One sensitive juror, indignant at what he considered a rebuke, faced the judge. "You can't discharge me." he said with a tone of conviction. "And why not?" inquired the judge in surprise. "Because," announced the juror, pointing to the lawyer for the de fense, I was hired by that man there!"Ladies Home Journal. mother-in-law. Gone back to the old home and the real cream. Back to the old oaken bucket and the mud pies of memory. We are not saying this to make other men envious whose wives are not gone. But it is a sort of whistle to keep up courage For a long time the opportunity to hang ofrT all night and make a key of ourselves has looked good Now with no restraint on our con duct, no tearful -wife waiting throw her hooks into our hair, no one to lie- to, nobody to pacify ,with. aMi! On Tuesday afternoon the board of consumed the home of Sheriff Shock- directors of the Princeton Co-opera tive creamery assembled in the village hall to consider such business propositions as were necessary to the of the fire and Mrs. Shockley and her interests of the association. The directors were all present, viz., Aug ust T?. Meyer, president H. C. kel son, vice president Louis Roche ford, secretary .John Dalchow and Peter Jensen. It was decided to retain O. M. Warner as manager and buttermaker of the creamery. In this the board made no mistake, for Mr. Warner has been largely instrumental in bringing the creamery up to its pres ent standard of productivity and rating. His whole energy is devoted to the success of the institution and, figuratively speaking, his efforts have gone far toward "pulling it out of the hole." The patrons of the creamery are well pleased with the treatment accorded them and he is obviously -'the right man in the right place.'' Peter Jensen, one- of the directors of the association, tendered his res ignation, but no action was taken toward appointing a successor. The general merchandise dealers of the village, viz.. A. E. Allen, O, B. Newton, C. H. kelson, E. Nelson and J. A. Nyberg, were, upon re quest of the creamery association, in attendance at the meeting to dis cuss the matter of purchasing dairy butter from farmers, with the result that an agreement was entered into between the merchants and the board of directors whereby the for mer agree not to pay prices for dairy butter which will in any way conflict with creamery butter quota jtionsr and the latter agrees not to retail its productthe merchants to handle it exclusively in the village. The merchants will sell creamery butter at one cent per pound above the price paid by the creamery for cream. Wl TORlCfe! eOOlETY, VOLUME XXXVII. NO. artful inventions, no person to care a whoop whether we go to the bug house or not, now that the very hour and moment is pregnant with witch ery and our horoscope is psychologi cally correct for a riotous period of debauchery, we get to sleep at 8:30 and mope off to bed like a mollusk. Carlton Vidette. Sheriff Shockley's House Burns. Fire, supposed to have been caused by the heating apparatus, practically ley, with nearly the whole of its con tents, early yesterday morning. The sheriff was out of town at the time son and daughter had a very narrow escape. Harry Shockley, jr., proved himself a hero under the circum stances. He assisted his mother from the second-story balcony and then,taking his sister in his arms, lift ed her over the porch railing and drop ped her gently into the snowbank below. He then followed, but when he descended the lower portion of the house was a seething mass of flames. The three of them, who were attired only in their night clothes, were cared for by neighbors. I was about 2 -30 when the fire was discovered and the alarm turned in and the fire department was promptly on the spot, but there was no possibility ot extinguishing the flames. The laddies, however, checked its progress and thus saved the houses in close proximity from destruction. The night was a cold and bitter one20-below zerowith a nasty, cutting wind blowing, but the firemen stuck to their task al though when their work was finished they were completely ensheathed in ice. During the progress of the fire there was an epxlosion, caused by the concentration of gas, which blew out all the windows on the ground floor. Sheriff Shockley carried an insur ance of $2,500 on the house and $500 on the furniture in an agency represented by the First Na tional bank, and $1,000 on the furni tuie in an agency repiesented by the Princeton State bank. Even at that Mr.JShockley willsustain considera ble loss. Aftei the fire C. H. Nelson invited the laddies into his house, where Mis. Nelson had hot coffee, dough nuts, etc.. awaiting them, and tor which they were truly thankful. J. J. Skahen Addresses Pupils. J. Skahen gave a 35-minute talk to the high school pupils in the as sembly hall yesterday morning on 'The Panama Canal.'' In this short period of time it was of course im possible to go intu all the details, but Mr. Skahen gave a general his Lory of the great waterway from tne time its construction was attempted by the French under DeLesseps. He described the progress of the great engineering feat and the achieve ments of Colonel Goethals, United States army engineer, and gave a statistical and geographical resume of the enterprise, covering all points of interest. The talk was particu larly instructive and the pupils gath ered much information therefrom. Impervious to Microbes. For th thirteenth time this win ter, to our knowledge, County Super intendent Guy Ewing was on Tues day morning parading the Princeton boulevards in his shirtsleeves. We cautioned him against cold-weather microbes, which are said to attack persons who go forth improperly pro tected in subzero weather and attach themselves to the thoracic ducts and other vulnerable places, but he only laughed at us, saying, "When a bac terium tuberculosis or even a diplo coccus or a colon bacillus insinuates its presence into my system it means instant death to the germ. No mi crobe can withstand the toxin con tained in my physical construction." Colliton-KronstriHn. John Colliton ot Minneapolis and Miss Mabel Kronstrom, formerly of Princeton, were married in the Ca tholic cathedra], St. Paul, on Sunday by Rev. Father Finley. A wedding Editor Hassing's Soliloquy. dinner was served at the Radisson Our wife is gone. Gone to visit our hotel, Minneapolis, to a party of the relatives and friends of the couple. Mr. Colliton is the Minnesota rep resentative of the Federal Electric company, with headquarters in Min neapolis. Unclaimed Letters. List of letters remaining un mon- claimed at the Princeton postoffice on February 3, 1913: Miss Emma Trine, Miss Etta Wilson, Mrs. Anna to Anderson, Mr- Rudolph Erickson^j Please call for advertised letters. L. S. Briggs, P. M.