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fciV Sinister Preparations for Armed Resistance In ..Ulster, THhaslhomw E rule for Ireland fighi no reached its most crit ica stage. With the measure introduced by Premier Asquith providing for the self government of .the Emerald Isle awaiting its passage iu the house of commons and the signa ture of King George of England and indications that the hostility to the bill in Ulster has taken serious form, the struggle for Ireland's independence has assumed a phase which centers world wide attention once more upon Ire land's demand for the restoration of the parliament of which it was de prived in 1800. The home rule bill has twice been passed by the house of commons, and should it pass that body for the third time it will become law with the sig nature of King George V. of Great Britain and Ireland. But two great ob stacles stand in the way of the con summation of Irish home rule. One is the opposition of many thousands of Ulster Orangemen, which threatens civil war, and the other is the antag onism with which Premier Asquith's modifications of his original bill have been received. The Ulster uprising against impend ing home rule for Ireland was min- JOHN E. KEDMOND, M. P., LEADER OP IBISH NATIONALISTS. imized at first, but the latest advices from this recalcitrant province be'ar out statements as to'the growing grav ity of the crisis. For the past two years the Ulstermcn have been threat ening armed opposition should the home rule bill pass. They have sign ed the "new solemn covenant," start ed a volunteer force, enrolled thou sands of mensome reports putting the number as high as 150,000and have imported a considerable quantity of small arms. The Ulstermen have also several pieces of artillery. There are daily drills and frequent reviews. Women Plan For War. Women, too, are taking an active part in the preparations in Ulster. The London Daily Telegraph publishes the following communication: To the Editor of the Daily Telegraph: SirThe interclub competitions promoted by the Irish Ladies' Golfing union in Ul ster, for which some eighteen of the leading Ulster clubs enter, have been en tirely abandoned for this year owing to the players being so much engaged in the various branches of Unionist work. In stead of golf, which is such a popular game in the province, the members of the various clubs are busy fitting up hospi tals, learning to form ambulance and sig naling corps, etc., and in all possible ways learning to take their part in the work to be done by the Ulster volunteers should the threatened disaster of civil war turn into a grim and terrible reality. Yours truly. EDITH GREGG, Honorable Secretary For Irish Ladies' Golfing Union Interclub Matches. Ulster represents about a fourth of the area of Ireland, and its population is rather more than a third of the en tire population of that country. The four counties of the province that would almost certainly reject home rule if submitted to popular voteAn trim. Armagh, Londonderry and Down represent about a tenth of the area of Ireland and their population about a seventh oft the total population. Htiw far Ulster is from being solidly against home rule is shown by the complexion of its parliamentary representation. There are actually seventeen home rul ers repi'esenting the province in parlia ment against sixteen Unionists. As a result of the Ulster call to arms Nationalist Ireland has established its volunteers also, and the movement has rapidly spread to almost every part of Ireland. They are not so well armed as the men of Ulster, for the latter have been importing rifles for two years, while a week after the National ist volunteers were established the British government issued a proclama tion forbidding the passage of arms into Ireland. This makes the secur ing of arms and ammunition slow and difficult. And so Ireland now has two distinct volunteer movements established to de fend and secure their rights and claims, a Unionist volunteer force and a Nationalist, both straining every tt^^^i^*!^^^^ British Government In a QuandaryResume of Situation. nerve to become well trained, armed and^equipped. Government Precautions. The Unionist papers are giving prom inence to rumors that the government has already set on foot measures against the Ulster volunteer movement which are likely to start trouble there. According to stories in the Unionist press, the guards at the military bar racks in Belfast, Londonderry, Innis killing and Armagh have been doubled and the gates are kept closed. The garrison at Carrickfergus has been increased. It is said that there are large stores of munitions in all those barracks, and the government fears in i$* ii! I .5&31& teg* ^R^^HlV^ P3P^ ULSTER SOLDIEBS. BELATIVE SIZE OF PROVINCES OF IRELAND. that the Orangemen will make raids to obtain arms and ammunition. The Belfast correspondent of the London Daily Mail says: "There is great irritation here at the constant surveillance by the police of prominent men, especially leaders of the Ulster volunteers, whose move ments ai'e dogged by detectives. The rooms of the Unionist council are close ly watched. An ugly feeling is spread ing among the volunteers." The London Daily Telegraph asserts that if the lords tie up the army bill the government will dissolve parlia ment, but will postpone a general elec tion until the home rule bill becomes law under the parliament act. In the event of strife in Ulster, it continues, the government will use bluejackets to handle the disturbance, employing the soldiers everywhere ex cept in Ulster. The Compromise Bill. In the original home rule bill almost absolute self government for Ireland was provided. To this the Unionists of the north objected, maintaining that Ulster, with its nine counties, five of which, are Nationalist, should be ex cluded from operation of the proposed act of parliament. Premier Asquith. protested that such a concession could not be thought of, but later in the house of commons outlined this com promise scheme: First.The counties of Ulster province will be allowed to say whether, or not they desire to be excluded from the op erations of the home rule for Ireland bill. Second.A poll will be taken of the par liamentary electors on the question of ex clusion before the home rule bill becomes operative. Third.If a majority favors exclusion the county or counties wherein there has been such a decision will be automatical ly excluded for a period of six years from the time of the first meeting of the new parliament. Fourth: If a majority of the Ulster counties favor exclusion only the assent of a majority of the people of the whole United Kingdom can bring them undei sovereignty of the proposed Dublin par liament. Sir Edward Carson, spokesman of the Ulster Unionists, has rejected the offer because of the six-year limit. John E. Redmond, the Nationalist leader, has characterized the proposal of Premier Asquith to grant local op tion to Ulster counties for six years on home rule as the Nationalists' last word. "Beyond those principles," he adds, "we cannot and will not go an inch. (Jtii$k *&J ItoJfe^Lii t&ft&a& The opposition haVer^iJgcieil the pro posals with scorn and insult. If that is their last word this incident is clos ed. If force is interposed force will be met by force. The government is as absolutely determined, as we are. Their. efforts have been rejected and the passionate desire of the Liberal party is to go straight on." When Asquith became' premier of England in fulfillment of the Liberal party's pledges to.Ireland he framed the home rule bill, which he introduced in the house of commons in April, 1912. In its general structure the bill as it stands at present and without the amendment suggested by Mr. Asquith is shaped on liberal lines, with con ciliation as its essential feature. Bill Restricts Powers. The bill provides for "a senate and house of representatives, the former comprising forty members and the latter 164, of whom fifty-nineor more than one-thirdwill be allotted to Uls ter. The parliament thus created will make laws for the government of Ire land, but will absolutely have no voice in imperial affairs, or for the present in the matter of land purchase, old age pensions, national insurance, the Irish constabulary or the postal savings bank. Control of each of these, how ever, will revert to the Irish parlia ment after a period specified in the bill. The Irish representation in the British house of commons, which now includes 103 members, will be reduced to forty two, or one for every 100,000 of the population. To those who argue on fear that the concession of home rule to Ireland will mean her complete independence com plete reassurance is given. Plenary veto power over all legislation is vest ed in the lord lieutenant, who will con tinue to be the chief executive, and all authority or power to alter the home SIB EDWARD CARSON, LEADER OP ULSTER ANTI-HOME RULERS. rule bill is denied the Irish parliament. For six years Ireland will not be re quired to contribute anything to the imperial exchequer, and during that period the English government will sustain the imperial credit guarantees for land purchase and old age pen sions. For six years also the imperial government will have the appointment of the Irish judges. Origin of Ulster's Troubles. Outlining the causes of religious and political differences in Ulster John P. Campbell in the New York Sun writes: "In 1641 the Irish clans rose to arms to drive the English out of Ireland. They had some success at first, but with the death of Owen Roe O'Neill, their leader, the clansmen faltered and the rising came to an end. O'Neill was poisoned, and the leaderless Irish were beaten by Cromwell and his forces. There followed a vast clearance of the Irish from their lands, and English and Scotch settlers were imported by Cromwell by thousands into Ulster. "The land was given or sold to a class called undertakerspeople who became not owners, but middlemen be tween the British government and the settlers and who held their land at first upon a half feudal agreement with the English crown. Among the condi tions upon which the undertakers held the land, it was stipulated that they should exclude any but Protestant set tlers and that they should maintain fortified places and men armed and ready for war. The smaller settlers were induced to come over upon the promises of getting farms on long leases and at low rents. "In the succeeding century the un dertakers, being in exclusive posses sion of all parliamentary* representa tion, transformed themselves into land lords, and when the original leases be gan to expire and revert to the under takers they transformed the descend ants of the Protestant settlers into ten ants at will, who were in many case's made to pay exorbitant rents for their holdings. "As a result the Protestant farmers of Ulster started a land war, which raged from 1755 almost to 1780. There was an alternation of Protestant and Catholic tenants, and thus bitter re ligious rancor was .imported into what in reality was an agrarian war, and the two sects were deliberately set at edch other's throats in order that the landlord class might get large rents out of the farmers and workers on the land. "These conditions have long since passed away, but their effects remain, and the peculiar intensity of the bit terness between Protestant and Cath olic in Ulster is the result very largely of the long forgotten days when the two sects were by the landlords made to compete for land, which was their so &mm (ESTABLISHED 1900) A private institution which combines all the advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital with the quiet and comfort of a refined and elegant home. Modern in every respect.. No Insane, contagious or other objectionable cases received. Rates are as low as the most effi cient treatment and the best trained nursing will permit. H. C. COONEY, M. D., fledical Director, FRANCES S. COONEY. Supt. NELLIE"JOHNSON. Head Nurse. Look Over Your Buggies Look over your delivery wagons and buggies. They undoubtedly need new stubbs. Bring them to our shop and have them put on before your wheels are spoiled, as you know there is more strain on the wheels when the axles are-badly worn. Bring them in now before we get too busy with other spring work. N..M. NELSON Princeton, Minnesota FRANK H. OOULDING THE ONLY Official and Bonded Abstracter in flille Lacs County T. S. Phone 310. The First Door South of Armory, Princeton, Minn. Do not forget that a perfect title may save you endless expense. The correctness of my work is guaranteed by a bond for $5000 You Should Not hold a public sale for the purpose of disposing of your horses, cattle, machinery, household goods, etc., until you see me and get my rates. T. J. KALIHER Licensed Auctioneer Princeton Minn. First Pub. Mar. 19, 1914- (Court Seal) -3t NOTICE. Persons holding county warrants numbered as follows: COUNT? REVENUE. 2546 2551 2544 2568 2550 2503 2606 260? 2608 2609 2610 2599 2600 2601 2602 2612 2611 2435 3553 2624 2626' 2555 2554 2625 2603 2623 2380 2379 2496 2604 2702 2696 2698 2693 2694 2695 2697 2699 2700 2730 2731 2738 2732 2737 2736 2742 2733 2724 2744 2549 2740 2735 2751 2734 2725 2745 2759 2758 2741 8769 2772 2774 2775 2777 2778 2779 2723 2743 2783 2726 2746 2793 2790 2786 ROAD AND BRIDGE. 2998 3000 2996 3018 2997 3006 3017 3034 2991 2992 2995 3016 3033 2989 2990 3035 2994 3255 3252 3262 3259 3266 3285 3297 3356 3301 3283 3302 3295 3294 3264 3303 3269 3270 3271 3272 3273 3274 3275 11276 3277 3278 3280 3281 3282 3287 3288 3289 3290 3307 3308 3309 3310' 3311 3299 3312 3313 3314 3315 3316 3317 3318 3319 3320 3347 3350 3351 3352 will please present the same to the county treasurer at Princeton, Minn.,.for payment. Interest on the above numbered warrants will cease thirty days from and after this date. Dated at Princeton, Minn., Mar. 18. 1914. OTTO HENSCHEL, County Treasurer. Mille Liacs Co. (First Pub. Mar. 19) Citation for Hearing on Petition for Administration. ESTATE X)F JOHN FLUGE. State of Minnesota, County of Mille Lacs. In Probate Court. In the matter of the estate of John Fluge, decedent. The state of Minnesota to the next of kin and all persons interested in the granting of administration of. the estate of said decedent: The petition of Harold Siren having been filed in this court, representing that John Fluge then a resident of the county of Mille Lacs, state of. Minnesota, died intestate on the 10th day of January, 1914, and praying that letters of administration of his estate be granted to said Harold Siren and the court, having fixed the time and place for hearing said petition Therefore you, and each of you, are hereby cited and required to show cause, if any you haye. before this court at the probate court rooms in the court house, in the village of Princeton, in the county of Mille Lacs, state of Minnesota, on the 15th day of April* 1914, at two o'clock p. m.. why said petition should not not be granted. Witness the judge of said court, and the seal of said court, this 17th day of March. 1914. v~ .-WM. V. SANPORD.. Probate Judge. JAMES BENNETT Jr., ^c* Attorney for Petitioner, i, St. Cloud,, Minn.'"'/- Farmers, Attention.. Wanted, hogs and cattle at L. Hummel's meat market, Princeton. OOM Gnrl Farm Mortgages, Insurance, Collections. 44^''l'4'4'4''M''M*'4'fr^'4 I Farm Lands 1 Farm Loans ...-...._..--.-*.. B^t mauomi Bmu of Princeton, Minnesota. Paid up Capital, $30,000 A General Banking Busi ness Transacted. Loans Made en Approved Security. H. CALEY, Vice Pres. J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier. 7 M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission or by the day. Q+*+******AA*%AA*\*%**'S**%'%\%+*%*%,%%t%\AA*,%*%*%*%*(V%m Princeton State Bank Capital $20,000 Banking Business Interest Paid on Time Deposits. I Security State Bank Princeton, Minnesota Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000 I JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier 2 $ M'4'4'' ricMillan & Stanley Successors to n. 5. RUTHERFORD & CO Princeton, Minnesota We Handle the Great Northern Railway Co. Lands _... _..- I 6ome to Us lor Figures 1 i on Your Lumber 2^- This is the season when everybody begins to figure on making repairs 5 or putting up new buildings. S^ We have the choicest assortment of select White Pine and Western: S? Fir ever offered in this section. I S^ No matter what you wantone piece or material for a complete house: S^ or barncome and see us before buying. We also carry the Best Hard and Soft Coal on the market, delivery and satisfaction guaranteed. A Shoe Full of Mischief Rudd Lumber Co. HrPs* M Interest Paid on Time De- Foreign and Domestic Ex change. S. S. PETTERSON, President. J. J. SKAHEN, Cashier. f- iti itii-fi ifti ilti A iti itiiffi ifti iTT i Farm Loans Farm Lands 1 QEO. A. COATES, manager 3 ^UiUiUiUiUliUUUUiUiUiUUMiUUilUiUUUUiUUiiUUiUiiui A 4hoe full of mischief is the shoe that does not fit the foot naturally. There is no comfort in shoes that do not fit, no matter how elegant they may look, and however they may be made. Our shoes are charac- terized by the easy and perfect fit.- We have them in many styles and sizes. Come in and try a pair on. yS^olomonflipng I Exclusive Shoe Stor.e Princeton, flinoesota Prompt "SS cH V--'