Anglo-French Fleets Active in
TRYING TO BREAK DEADLOCK
Germans and Austrians Making Des-
perate Efforts to Make Progress on
Eastern and Western FrontsArtil-
lery Subjects Belgian Positions in
Flanders to Severe Bombardment.
London Feb 3.Copenhagen, thp
newspapers of which still have cor
respondents at Constantinople, has a
report that the Anglo-French fleets
have destroyed four of the Dardanelles
lorts and that there is a panic in the
Turkish capital, wheie the defeats
suffered by the Turkish armies in the
Caucasus and Azerbaijan are just be
During the last few days the Ger
mans have been making desperate ef
forts to break the deadlock which has
existed for so long on the eastern
and A\ostern fronts. They have de
livered a series of attacks, always
preceded by artillery activity, on the
allied lmes in Flanders and France,
and while in almost every case they
have thus had a preliminary advan
tage the fighting continued and the
French, British or Belgians have been
able to regain the trenches tempora
rily lost and in some cases to occupy
the German positions.
Shelling Belgian Positions.
The German artillery has been sub
jecting the Belgian positions in Flan
ders to a severe bombardment, which.
sugests that the moment has arrived
for another effort to get across the
Ysei and thence to the French cbast
In return the French have bombard
ed the lailway station at Noyon, one
of the German military centers be
hind their advanced lines
More serious attacks, however, have
been made against the Russian lines
in Central Poland. Faced by flank
ing movements, both north and south,
Field Marshal von Hindenburg made
a desperate effort, which aparently is
to be renewed, to break through to
Waisaw and thus not only gain a
great military and political advan
tage tor Germany, but at the same
time release the pressure on Hungary
and East Prussia, in each of which re
gions the Russian troops are push
ing forward slowly.
The fighting to the west and south
west of the Polish capital has been of
a most desperate character, and the
Germans were almost successful, but
the Russian official report declares
that the Russians by a counter attack
regained most of the lost ground.
The report adds that the German
losses were "colossal."
AFTER BRIDGE DYNAMITER
Canada Seeks Extradition of Alleged
Vanceboro, Me., Feb. 3.Another
international problem incident to the
war was thrust upon the United States
by the action of Weiner Van Horn,
who, operating on the Canadian side
of the border dynamited the railway
bridge ovei the St Croix river and i
then escaped into this state,
A few hours later, in a room at a
hotel heie, Van Horn quietly submit
ted to an est, but immediately pro
claimed himself an ofheer ot the Ger
man army and set up the claim that
he had committed an act of war and,
having fled to" a neutral country, could
not be legally surrendered to an ene
my of the fatherland
The Canadian authorities, however,
at once instituted proceedings to ob
tain the extradition ot the prisoner on
a charge of destruction to railroad
pi opei ty.
Pending the outcome of these efforts
Van Horn is held at the immigration
office here in custody of Deputy Sher
ilf George W. Ross of Washington
county. WILL ORGANIZE AIR FLEET
Canadian Birdman Returns From
Front to Direct Building.
Halifax, N. S., Feb. 3.Captain E.
L. Janney, a Canadian aviator, who
made a name for himself both before
and during the present war, returned
fiom the front in the steamer Zee
He had been doing scout duty for
the British army during the last few
He is returning to organize a
squadron of airships to be built,
equipped and manned in Canada
NO HOPE FOR PEACE SOON
President Wilson, However, Asserts
There Is Growing Sentiment.
Washington, Feb. 3.President Wil
son said that, while he sees no defi
nite movement toward the making of
peace in Europe at this time, there
is a strong growing hope and senti
ment for peace all over the world.
The president was asked if there
anything definite in sight, but re
plied that he is sorry to say there is
W^^V^ -g^s^J^gg THE PBIKCETOl* TftZtONjit.
WALTER H. PAGE.
Sends Cable Saying Britain
Will Seize Flour and Grain.
Photo by American Press Association
FACING PROBLEMS OF WAR
British Lores and Commons Get
Down to Business.
London, Feb. 3.Parliament reas
sembled after a recess for the house
of commons since Nov. 27 and for the
house of lords since Jan. 8.
The members dispensed with cere
monies and plunged into the business
to which the session is confined, con
sisting almost entirely of various at
tractions, chiefly financial, which con
cern the war.
Political truce, under which no con
troversial measures are shelved, has
reduced interest in the proceedings.
The house of commons had an empty
appearance Some 200 of the 670
members are at the front.
Replying to a question put by
George Nicoll Barnes, Labor member
for Glasgow, whether the government
was considering the matter of fixing
food prices, Premier Asquith said:
"All these matters are being care
IS REPORTED SUNK
Russ Submarine Also Damaged
Cruiser of Gazelle Type.
London, Feb. 3.The Morning
Post's Petrograd correspondent says
a Russian submarine sunk a German
gunboat off the German coast also hit
and seriously injured a small cruiser
of the Gazelle type, possibly the Ga
In addition to the Black sea fleet
Russia has twenty-one submarines, all
built between 1903 and 1908, none of
them larger than 500 tons.
The fastest has a speed of thirteen
knots and carries four torpedo tubes,
the others carrying fewer.
TRAWLERS SWEEPING MINES
Great Britain Has Large Mosquito
Fleet in Use.
Yarmouth, Eng Feb 3 The nick
name of mosquito fleet, applied to the
navy's torpedo flotilla, is appropriately
given to the fishing trawlers of which
the government is gathering a swarm
for the threefold purpose of mine
sweeping, protecting battleships from
submarines and operating in the shal
lows of the Belgian coast against the
More than 500 of these boats were
requisitioned in the past week and
thousands are cut.
Trawlers continue their original
duty of seining for menaces to ship
ping, as enormous quantities of mines
are still strewed at sea.
Threats for British.
Berlin, Feb. 3.An official report
issued by the German navy depart
ment calls attention to the extensive
transportation of British troops to
France and adds: "We shall use
every method of war at our disposal
Three Favor Pope's Plan.
Rome, Feb 3.According to re
ports in circulation at the Vatican,
Great Britain, Germany and Austria
have answered favorably Pope Bene
dict's proposal, for ail exchange ot
civil prisonerswomen and children
and men abo^e the age Of fifty-five.
SAN LUIS POTOSI IS TAKEN
VHIa Asserts General Urbina's Forces
Are in Full Control of City.
Washington, Feb. 3.General Villa
telegraphed the convention agency
here that General Thomas Urbina,
with about 5,000 men, captured San
Luis Potosi and" was in full control
of the city and vicinity.
Urbina's column is supposed to be
the vanguard of the Villa force march*
ing on Tampico.
It was intimated that the Carranza
garrison had evacuated without a
GRAIN AND FLOUR
WILL BE SEIZED
Britain Declares Them Condi
DUE TO GERMANY'S ACTION
Ambassador Page Cables the State
Department "From London Regard-
ing Instructions Issued to the Brit-
ish FleetSecretary Bryan Requests
Washington, Feb. 3.Ambassador
Page at London cabled the ,state de
partment that the British fleet has
been ordered to treat cargoes of grain
and flour destined for Germany or
Austria as conditional contraband,
subject to seizure and confiscation.
This step, the ambassador explain
ed, followed the announcement that
the German government had decreed
confiscation of all grain and flour to
conserve the nation's food supply.
Since the publication of the German
order the ambassador here, Count von
Bernstorff, has \irtually assured the
American government that no bread
stuffs imported from the United States
or other neutral countries would be
subject to seizure and press dispatches
have announced the issuance of a
modifying decree making such ex
emptions by the German government.
One Exception Is Made.
Ambassador Page said the British
government has informed him that be
cause the steamship Wilhelmina,
bound from New York for Bremen
with grain and other goods, sailed be
fore the issuance of the German de
cree an exception would be made in
The vessel will be seized, but it will
be released and its cargo purchased
at invoice price by the British gov
Warning was given, however, that
other shipments hereafter of like char
acter, when destined for Germany di
rectly or indiiectly, will be seized, as
well as the vessels carrying them,
without compensation being paid.
This announcement put an entirely
new complexion on the negotiations
that have been in progress intermit
tently since the beginning of the war
regarding the right of neutral states
to ship food supplies to belligerent
The state department has not de
cided what shall be done.
Ambassador Page has been asked
for further information.
MANY PEOPLE TURNED AWAY
Dr. Dernburg Talks About War in St.
St. Paul, Feb 3.More than 6,000
men and women of St. Paul gathered
at the Auditorium to hear the address
ofo Dr. Bernard Dernburg, former co
lonial secretary of Germany, who
closed his series of addresses in the
Tttin Cities with a discussion of "The
Real Issue of the War."
Every seat and all available stand
ing room in the Auditorium was oc
cupied and hundreds of persons were
turned away. Dr. Dernburg said it
was the largest gathering he has ad
dressed since coming to America last
Judge J. W. Willis presided and in
troduced the speakers, who included
C. D. O'Brien of St. Paul, former Con
gressman Julius Goldzier, Chicago,
president of the German and Austro
Hungarian Red Cross society of Illi
nois, Professor S. Ford" of the Uni
veisitj of Minnesota and Peer
Stromme of Madison, Wis, author,
journalist and traveler.
CAPITAL AND LABOR HEARD
Representatives of Two Factions Ap
pear Before Senate Committee.
Washington, Feb. JJ.Representa
tives of labor organizations and rail
roads appeared before the senate in
terstate commerce committee, the
former to advocate and the latter to
oppose pending amendments to the
hours of service and boiler inspection
The amendments would fix a
minimum penalty of $100 for viola
tions of the law forbidding the work
ing of railroad employes longer than
sixteen consecutive hours and extend
federal inspection of boilers to the
HILL SHIP THROUGH CANAL
Great Northern and Kroonland Ac
complish Passage Swiftly.
Panama, Feb. 3.The new Hill
steamship Great Northern and the
American line steamer Kroonland, the
two largest passenger boats that have
rsed the Panama canal, passed
through the waterway, making fast
time The trip was without incident.
The ships used the new channel,
dredged through the slide at Cucara
cha. The Kroonland displaces 12,760
tons and the Great Northern, 8,255
Earth Shocks in England.
London, Feb. 3.Earth shocks oc
curred in a number of districts in
Yorkshire. One miner was killed md
many had narrow escapes owing to
the shaking down of coal pits. A "X
Confers With South St.
-Paul Live Stock Buyers.
ISSUES ITS FIRST REPORT
Federal Bureau Gives Findings on In
Washington, Feb 3.The first re
port on its study of infant mortality
was made public by the federal chil
dren's bureau. It is based on condi
tions found by the bureau's investi
gators in Johnstown, Pa.
The report points out that in the
poorer sections of Johnstown the
death rate was 271 in 1,000 babies, or
more than five times that in the best
residential section of the city.
Babies whose fathers earned $10 a
week or less, the report says, died at
the rate of 256 in each 1,000. Those
whose fathers earned $25 or more a
week died at the rate of 84 a 1,000.
Artificially fed babies died at a much
more rapid rate than breast fed ba
bies. Only 46 6 babies in 1,000 died
under one year of age when breast
fed for at least three months, as
against 165.8 to each 1,000 who died
when fed with artificial foods.
CAUCUS PLANS TO
Democrats Hope to Pass Ship
Washington, Feb. 3.A plan, which
they guarded with the utmost secrecy,
was adopted by administration Demo
crats of the senate, in caucus, to break
down opposition to the government
ship purchase bill.
The program includes parliamentary
maneuvers and, according to leaders
of the party, is calculated to bring sup
port for the measure to offset the
Democratic revolt of Monday.
After reaching an agreement the
caucus adopted a resolution pledging
every member to secrecy.
It was reported later that included
in the plan was an agreement to
amend the bill to conform with some
suggestions that have been made from
various sources within the last few
*a $- J* $- $- S* $- $- Jtm Sa
FOUR DROWN WHEN
Port Jefferson, N. Y., Feb. 3.
The steam suction dredge
Eastern, lying at anchor on
Long Island sound, was blown
over by the high wind and
four of her crew of eleven
men penned fast in the bunk
house were drowned. All
aboard were asleep when the
The seven other men aban
doned clung to the wreck six
hours and were rescued.
TWO DEAD AND TWENTY HURT
Alberta Lodging House Is Destroyed
Edmonton, Alta., Feb. 3.In the de
struction of the Victoria inn, a lodg
ing house, two men were burned to
death and twenty others injured, six
One of the dead is unidentified.
The other was John A. Cook, proprie
All jumped from windows.
$500,000 I N SUNKEN SHIP
New 2ealanders Indignant Over Loss
of Tokomaru. ^-it
Wellington, N. Z., Feb. 3.The car
go on board the Tokomaru, a steam
er sunk recently in the English chan
nel by a German submarine, was val
ued at $500,000. The Tokamaru was
on her way from this port-to London
when she was sent to the bottom.
There is much indignation here st
the loss of the steamer.
North Dakota Officials and Com
mission Men Agree.
STOCK WILL BE INSPECTED
South St. Paul Buyers Confer With
Governor Hanna, Commissioner of
Agriculture Flint and Secretary
Crewe of the Live Stock Sanitary
Bismarck, N. D., Feb 3.Co-opera-
tion between North Dakota officials
and commission men of the South St.
Paul Live Stock exchange to prevent
the importation of diseased cattle into
North Dakota and dissemination ot"
accurate information as to the proper
breeding of live stock for marketing
was agreed on when representatives
of the South St. Paul organization, in
cluding N. P. Rogers, president, inter
viewed Governor Hanna, R. F. JFlint,
commissioner of agriculture and la
bor Secretary Crewe of the live stock
sanitary board, and members of the
state board of control.
Fnder an agreement reached with
the live stock sanitary board a com
plete check will be maintained at
South St Paul on all cattle sold for
transportation to North Dakota, eith
er for breeding or feeding purposes.
This plan will give the board imme
diate information on any shipments
from St. Paul.
"While 8,000 cars of stock were sold
in South St. Paul in the past year from
Noith Dakota alone only 1,000 cars of
feeding stock were carried into the
state," said one member of St. Paul's
"That fact is one that should be
remedied if the state is to maintain
a strong position in the cattle busi
HEAVEN, PURGATORY, HADES
This Is Characterization of St. Paul
Pierre, S. D., Feb. 3.The St. Paul
road has separated South Dakota into
three districts, heaven, purgatory and
hades, was the way Representative
Hall of Lyman county described the
railroad's method of dividing up
freight charges between different
parts of the state.
Mr. Hall was speaking on his reso
lution memoralizing congress to com
pel the St. Paul road to build a per
manent bridge across the Missouri
river at Chamberlain. The resolution
was passed by the house.
ILLINOIS FARMS FLOODED
Low Lands North of Quincy Are Un
Quincy, 111., Feb. 3.Several square
miles of low farm land are inundated
by water which poured through a
break in the South Bear creek levee,
fifteen miles north of here.
Efforts to reach residents by phone
have been unsuccessful and the ex
tent of the damage and whether there
was any loss of life is not known.
Commissioners of the district, with
headquarters here, said the winter
wheat crop certainly is ruined and
that the loss probably will be heavy.
REFUSES TO LEAVE OFFICE
Judge Alleges Opponent Won Election
by Violating Law.
Bowman, N. D., Feb. 3.County
Judge Deihl holds his post despite the
recent mandamus proceedings brought
by E. P. Totten to compel Deihl to
turn over the office. In November Tot
ten received a majority of the votes
and when he attempted to assume the
duties, Jan. 1, Deihl began a contest
on the ground that Totten had violat
ed the corrupt practices act in an al
leged bribery of voters with his pub
lished statements he v/ould draw less
salary than authorized by the law.
COUPLE ACCUSED OF ARSON
South Dakotans Charged With Firing
Pierre, S. D., Feb. 3.The insur
ance commissioner's office reported
the arrest of Arthur Brown and Jes
sie Brown, his wife, charged with be
ing responsible for the fire at Wasta,
July 4, in which one block of the
town was destroyed at a time when
nearly all the residents were absent
at a picnic.
PUBLICITY BOOK RETAINED
North Dakota Senale Refuses 4o Abol
ish Election Feature.
Bismarck, N. D., Feb. 3.The sen
ate refused to abolish the publicitv
pamphlet, voting down Representa
tive Bratton's bill with that object in
view. The publicity pamphlet is an
election feature for candidates that
has created adeficit each time it was
^Treaaoo Charge J Made.
Pretoria, Feb. 3.PJtre Grobler, a
member of the parliament of the
Union of South A&lc^v and a grand
son of Paafr Krugex, jias been com
mitted for trial 'qj* charge of trea?
ROADS MAY CONSOLIDATE*
Plans for Merging Southern Pacific^
and Its Subsidiaries.
Portland, Ore.., Feb. 3.Plans are*,..
under way for merging the 6outhern^|^"
Pacific company with its subsidiary^C
systems in Oregon, The systems to^
be affected are the Coosbay, Rosen
burg and Eastern, Corvallis and East
ern, the Portland, Eugene and East
ern, and two electric systems, the
Salm, Fall City and Western arid the
A telegram received from William
Sproute, president of the Southern"
Pacific company, gave confirmationjjfj
of the report that the consolidation isfT
Stock of all these companies is ^k
owned by the Southern Pacific.
JOBLESS FUND NOW $115,000
New York Mayor Says Three Times
That Amount Is Needed. [_
New York, Feb. 3.Mayor Mitchel's
committee on employment has col-if
lected $115,000 to establish emergency v^SIS
workshops for the unemployed. ^ZS&iT
E. H7 Gary, chairman of the com- PpP*,
niittee, so reported. He said it will *0^%
be necessary to raise three times this *Zj^
Thirty-four shops now are in opera- ^j
tion, which, in co-operation with other9!.-*
organizations, offer work to 3,500 men /&4
and women. J^ v^
The plan is to relieve 10,000 per- ~Jfr***Jk~i
sons by giving them five hours a day
employment at 15 cents an hour and
lunch for 3 cents
MOBS PROTEST BREAD COST
High Price of Loaves in Italy Leads
Rome, Feb. 3.Meetings in protest
against the high price of bread con
tinue in various provincial towns.
On the Island of Sardinia the price
of wheat has reached about $10 per
quintal (330 to 246 pounds), which ex
ceeds the prjee during the crisis in
Mobs in some of the villages have
attacked the bakeries and the mu
nicipalities have to distribute bread.
Major General O'Connor Dead.
London, Feb. 3 Major General Sir
Luke O'Connor, who rose from the
ranks after winning the Victoria cross
at Alma, in the Crimean war, is dead.
$- *f* *$* $- $- $- *i*
OPIUM QUEEN IS
FINED TWO THOUSAND.
GRAIN AND PROVISION PRICES
Duluth Wheat and Flax.
Duluth, Feb. 3.WheatOn track
and to arrive, No. 1 hard, $1.55% No.
1 Northern, $1.54% @1 56 No. 2 North
ern, $1.52%1.53%. FlaxOn track"
and to arrive, $1.90^2-
St. Paul Grain.
St. Paul, FeU. 3.WheatNo. 1
Northern, $1 email@example.com% No. 2 North
ern, $1.54 @155% No 2 Montana,
hard, [email protected]% corn, 74%@75%'c
oats, [email protected]%c barley, [email protected]
rye, [email protected] flax, $firstname.lastname@example.org.
South St. Paul Live Stock.
South St. Paul, Feb. 3Cattlet
Steers, [email protected] cows and heifers,*
$4 [email protected] 75 calves, [email protected] stock
eis and feeders, [email protected] Hogs
[email protected] SheepLambs, [email protected]~
8 40 wethers, $5 [email protected] ewes, $2.50^
Chicago Live Stock.
Chicago, "Feb. 3.CattleSteers*
[email protected] cows nd heifers, $3.10
@8.00 calves, [email protected]*50. Hogs
[email protected] mixed, [email protected] heavy
[email protected] rough, [email protected] Iplfcs,
[email protected] SheepNative, [email protected]
Chicago Grain and Provisions.
Chicago, Feb. 3.WheatMay, $l.-pt
65 July, $1.43. CornMay, 83%c g2
July, 85%c. OatsMay, 67%c July,f^
59%c. PorkMay, $19.65 July, ?20.-pj^
00. ButterCreameries, [email protected]|g
[email protected] PoultrySprings, 14^
@14%c fowls, 15c.
$1.53 July, $1.49% Sept.,
Cash close on track: No. 1 hard, $1.-^*
57% No. 1 Northern, [email protected] No.
2 Northern, $email@example.com,5 No. 3
Northern, [email protected] No. 3 yello\s.
corn, -74%@75%c No. 3 white oats,
57%@57%c flax, $1.92. -.^553
St. Paul Hay.
"St. Paul, Feb. 3.HayChoice tim
otliy, $15 00 No. 1 timothy, $13.50
14.25 No. 1 clover mixed, *}.50#
11.25 No. 1 mixed, different grasses*
$10.50#11.25 No. 1 mixed, timothy
and wild, [email protected] choice up
land, $13.00 No. 1 upland, [email protected]
12.25 No. 1 midland, [email protected] "No.
New York, Feb. 3.Miss So
phie Ghee, known to the po
lice as "the opium queen," was
sentenced in federal court to'
pay a fine of $2,000 and to
serve six months in the pen
itentiary for smuggling opium
into the United States.
Because of the aid given by
her to the government in the
apprehension of eighteen men
associated with her the dis
trict attorney asked that the
jail sentence be suspended and
this was done.
-*i -vvagL Z" W Minneapolis Grain. _=n.
Minneapolis, Feb. 3 WheatMay,
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