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A SON OFTHE SOIL
Frank B. Kellogg Graduated from the Farm and the Hard School of Exeprience. Of Him It Can be Truly Said He is a Self-Made and Self- Educated Man. Rochester, Minn., April 10.Every red blooded man likes a winner, espe cially when the winner has had to make a hard and long fight against odds. Few men have had more obstacles to overcome or have achieved greater fame than our former fellow towns man, Frank B. Kellogg. THE OFFICE SEEKS THE MAN. Rochester swelled with pride when it learned that more than 125 repre sentative country editors had signed a petition or written Mr. Kellogg to be come a candidate for United States senator. It was one of those rare events in modern timesa genuine case of the office seeking the man. Frank B. Kellogg was raised on a farm in Viola township near this city. His boyhood was similar to that of thousands of other farmers' boys. It was a life of hard work, many sacri fices and few pleasures, attending country school in the winter and do ing the usual farm work after school. NEIGHBORS BELIEVE IN HIM. His old neighbors say that he is stijl the same, every-day sort of a man and that his manner is democratic and cor dial to all. In 1875 he began to study law in the office of H. A. Eckholdt of this city During the winter he took care of a farmer's horses and cows_ for his "4" FRANK B. KELLOGG board and in the spring he went back to the farm and worked through seed ing time for $13 per month. He also went out during harvest and worked in the field. He served five years as county at torney of Olmsted county. One of his first important cases was when he represented the villages of Plainview and Elgin, in Wabasha county, against the Winona and St. Peter Railroad company and recovered from the rail road about $200,000 for these villages on bonds which had been illegally taken by the railroad and sold on the market. This case was brought to Mr Kellogg after other lawyers had lost it for the villages of Plainview and Elgin, and made many friends for him in Southern Minnesota. In 1SS7 Senator Cushman K. Davis made him a partner with himself and C. A. Severance. ROOSEVELT CALLS KELLOGG. In 1906 President Roosevelt was at tracted to Kellogg because of the lat ter's conspicuous success in private practice. In consequence he put Mr Kellogg in charge of the most impor tant trust prosecutions ever tried, among them being the paper trust, lie Standard Oil company and the merger of the Union Pacific and South ern Pacific railroads. All were car ried to the supreme court of the United States and all were decided in favor of the public. WINS GREAT LEGAL DUELS. His brilliant cross-examination of the wizards of Wall street, as well as his legal duel with the great corpo ration lawyers of the East, won for him the approval of the public and at the same time the bitter enmity of the financial giants. FOUGHT FOR FARMERS. As member of the resolutions com mittee of the Republican national con vention he championed some impor tant labor planks He vigorously op posed the reciprocity bill and the Payne-Aldnch tariff bill before con gress, in so far as they discriminated against the farmers of the Northwest. SETTLED RAILROAD STRIKE. In 1908 President Roosevelt sent for Mr. Kellogg and asked him to pre vent a wage reduction on the Chicago Great Western, for which road Mr. Kellogg was general counsel. With characteristic energy Mr. Kel logg applied himself to the task and S was soon able to ha\e the order re ducing the trainmen's wages set aside a great victory for She trainmen. A REPUBLICAN. In politics Frank B. Kellogg has al- e'fa$ Minn. Historical Society ways stood with the progressive winr of the Republican party, but he did not go so far as to leave that party four years ago. It is freely predicted here that he will receive a larger vote for United States senator than all other candi dates put together. HEADS AMERICAN BAR. In 1912 the American Bar associa tion elected him president in recogni tion of his eminent legal ability. Village and Town Elections. Experience has demonstrated that the only fair and correct way of vot-' ing at any election is under the Aus tralian ballot system, same as at the general election in even-numbered years. Right now, when the short-com ings of the old antidcluvian system of voting is fresh in the minds of the vot ers on account of recent township and village elections, is a good time for town and village boards to take ad vantage of chapter 315 session laws of 1915, and provide by resolution for the Australian system at town and village elections hereafter. The chapter in question provides that, "The village council of any vil lage or the town board of any town ship in the state may by resolution or ordinance, at least thirty days be fore the date of any election for vil lage or township officers to be held therein, resolve or ordain that all elec tions of township or village officers in said village or township, shall be held or conducted under the so-called 'Australian Ballot System,' until otherwise determined by ordinance or resolution by said village council or town board, and after the adoption of such resolution or ordinance all elec tions of village or township officers in said village or township shall thereaf ter be held or conducted under said 'Australian Ballot System/ as provid ed by law for general elections in this state, as far as practicable." Section 2 provides that candidates for such offices shall file an affidavit at least one week before election with the village recorder or the town clerk, as the case may be, paying to such officer a fee of one dollar. Then it is made the duty of the recorder or clerk to have the ballots printed and a sample ballot posted at the place of election at least two days before such election. Briefly stated, all that is necessary for any candidate for a town or vil lage office to do is to file his affidavit and pay his dollar and his name goes on the official ballot without any party designation and the voters do the rest. The resolution or ordinance provid ing for the 'Australian Ballot System* can be adopted at any time up to within thirty days of election, and if after a trial the system is unsatisfac tory the resolution or ordinance can be rescinded by the town board or village council. Of Local Application. In every community where a move ment is made for public benefit, there you will find a few "back-biters" who never do and never will do anything for the public benefit themselves, who sit back and croak, charging the pushers with having ulterior selfish motives who are trying to advance their own business or political ends. But if the world had stopped to listen to the "croakers," there would have been no advancement in the past, and the town or community that stops to listen to their disgruntled tales in this day and generation will be found lag ging way behind in the procession. Pick out the men who are always "kicking" about movements for com munity advancement and public bene fit, and you will invariably find that they are men who never did anything for anybody unless they got well paid for it in dollars and cents, and that they are wholly devoid of public en terprise.Browns Valley Tribune. His Promise. A Mobile man who was continually hard up had so many notes at the bank he could not leave town except on Sundays and holidays. He had a note falling due every banking day. He dropped into a bank one day and spoke genially to the president. "I came in to fix up that little mat ter of mine," he said, "I'd like to renew it for a time." The bank president had the note on his desk. He picked it up and studied it carefully. "Jim," he finally said, "I don't think this note is made out properly." "Why not?" asked the alarmed borrower. "It reads: 'I promise to pay'not 'I promise to renew.' "Saturday Even ing Post R. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms, $1.00 Per Year. PRINCETON, MILLE LACS COUNTY, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, APRIL 13, 1916 Ten Pages COUNTY DADS MEET Road Money for 1916 Divided Accord- ing to Valuation Among the Five Commissioner Districts. Joint School Petition RejectedRoad Work for 1916 DiscussedNext Meeting May 16th. The board of county commissioners met at the office of the county auditor Tuesday. All members were present, and Chairman Cater presided. An application for abatement of taxes on lands in the town of South Harbor was presented to the board and the matter was satisfactorily ad justed. A petition was presented to the commissioners, signed by numerous residents of Onamia, asking that Mrs. Victor Sjodin be allowed county aid in the sum of $35 per month, instead of $20, which she is now receiving. Mrs. Sjodin became a widow over a year ago and has seven children to care for, ranging in age from a few months to thirteen years. The commissioners took no action in the matter, as they deemed it a proper case to come un der the provisions of the Mothers* Pension act. The joint school petition asking for the formation of a new district out of territory in the town of Hayland, this county, and the adjoining town of Ka nabec, Kanabec county, came on for final hearing and same was rejected. Freeholders of two school districts in Kanabec county affected by the peti tion appeared before the board and went on record as being opposed to favorable action in the matter, as did freeholders of district 25, this county, and no one appeared in support of the petition. A resolution was adopted instruct ing the county auditor to notify Coun ty Surveyor Chapman to begin work on the various statutory re-surveys of sections on or before May 1, 1916. The 1916 road and bridge money was divided among the five commis sioner districts, according to valua tion. Hereunder appear the amounts apportioned the districts: District No. 1 $4,727.62 District No. 2 2,107.17 District No. 3 5,240.91 District No. 4 7,807.34 District No. 5 7,240.02 A petition asking for the re-survey of section 4, town of Page, was pre sented to the board, and same was laid over for further consideration. Engineer Cleveland was present at the meeting, and road work for 1916 was informally discussed. Mainten ance work for the coming year was also outlined. After acting on the usual grist of bills the board adjourned. The next meeting will be held on Tuesday, May 16, 1916. Show the Right Spirit. Princeton is not a large place, has probably less than 2,000 inhabitants, but if its citizens, especially the busi ness men, pulled together much good might be accomplished and the vil lage would continue to at least hold its own. If the factional spirit, which has recently manifested itself in a virulent form, continues to grow it requires no prophet to foretell the result. Get together relegate the strife breeders to the rear improve the streets give the farmers a square deal and make Princeton a pleasant and profitable place for them to sell their produce and do their trading, and our village will continue to grow and prosper. Darwin and This War. In his famous journal Darwin shows that' he was impressed as much by the moral aspects of an earthquake as by the physical details which he was studying: "A bad earthquake at once destroys our oldest associations the earth, the very emblem of solidity, has moved beneath our feet, like a thin crust over a fluid one second of time has created in the mind a strange idea of insecurity." Are not the minds of many of us exactly like that just now? And yet, with all the destruction of what we had been accustomed to, withall the dreadful novelty, one traveling in Europe finds less sorrow than he ex pects. The loss of home is taken more easily than we should think. Darwin explains it: "It was, however, extremely inter esting to observe how much more active and cheerful all appeared than could have been expected. It was remarked with much truth that, from the destruction being universal no one individual was humbled more than an other, or could suspect his friends of coldnessthat most grevious result of loss of wealth." Even when death is in question the knowledge that all are losing brings a surprising calm. How much more bearable destiny would be if we could apply this principle in times of peace,using the ultimate certainty of death to blunt the arrows that hurt so much more than they would if our imaginations were more bended to the universal.Harper's Weekly. Mayor Newbert Plans Improvements. Mayor Newbert plans to make his residence corner a place of beauty, and a credit to the village. Last fall N. N. Oslund, of the Cambridge nur sery, an experienced landscape de signer, inspected Mr. Newbert's prop erty and planned alterations that will materially improve the appearance of same. He recommended the removal of several trees, and the first of this week they were taken down. In a short time trees and shrubbery will be put in according to blue print speci fications designed by Mr. Oslund, and when the work is completed Mayor Newbert's place will present a pleas ing view. A new sidewalk and curbing will also be constructed on the east side of the property. Firemen's Annual Easter Ball. The 12th annual Easter ball of the Princeton Fire department will be given at the Armory on Monday even ing, April 24, and it promises to be an enjoyable event. Cason Bros, cele brated colored orchestra of Minneapo lis has been secured and the latest pop ular dance selections will be discours ed in a pleasing manner. .Special num bers will be given between dances by members of the orchestra, who are en tertainers of more than ordinary abil ity. Lemonade will be served at the Armory, and the Home restaurant will serve the supper. The fire laddies al ways put on pleasing dances, and their past reputation assures them of a large and joyous throng upon this oc casion. Commercial Club Meets. The Commercial Club met at Allen's hall Friday evening to hear the report of the committee of threeMessrs. E. K. Evens, S. S. Petterson and A. E. Allennamed at a previous meeting to ascertain the cost of fitting up club rooms. The committee estimated the cost at from $600 to $800, and E. K. Evens was named a committee of one to ascertain if sufficient funds to start with could be secured. Also if our business rrfen would pledge themselves to pay annual dues sufficient to main tain the club rooms. The cost after the club rooms are equipped is no small item, and it is doubtful if any thing is done in the matter. Students Return. Carl Wicktor, Myron Wallace and Reuben Swenson returned the latter part of last week from Kansas City, Mo., where they are students at a veterinary college, and will pass their summer vacation in this vicinity. The latter is again employed in the store of the C. A. Jack Drug Co. Two other Princeton young men who are preparing themselves for veterinary surgeonsMyron Walker and Vernon Kaliheralso returned from Chicago last week, where they are enrolled at the McKillip college. All are bright young men and upon completion of their studies should meet with success in their chosen profession. G. A. R. Golden Jubilee. The 50th anniversary of the or ganization of the Grand Army of the Republic will be appropriately observ ed by the local post at the Princeton Armory next Thursday evening, April 20, and a cordial invitation is extended to the general public to attend and participate in the golden jubilee. A public installation of officers will be one of the features, and interesting talks will be given. A pleasing musi cal program will also be carried out. The old boys in blue are entitled to the hearty co-operation of all to make the occasion a memorable one. Special Duties of Road Overseers. Several of the Union's correspon dents refer to washouts on roads. No matter whether it is a town, county or state road it is "the duty of the road overseer of the district in which the damaged road is located to immediate ly repair the same, and render his ac count therefor to the town board, in case of a town or county road, and to the county board in case of a state road. The intent of the law is to get prompt action, when a road becomes obstructed or unsafe from any cause. DEFECTIVE PAGE THE WEEJTS DEATHS Charles E. Wedgewood, Respected Princeton Resident, Answers Summons Sunday. J. Frank Quinlan, Civil War Veteran, Passes Away at Home of His Son in Greenbush. It is with sincere regret that we chronicle the passing of Charles E. Wedgewood, which occurred at the Northwestern hospital Sunday noon, following an operation for appendici tis. Mr. Wedgewood was taken sick with an acute attack of appendicitis a couple of weeks ago, and the appen dix burst before the surgeon's knife was used. His condition was extreme ly serious from the outset inflamma tion of the bowels set in, and a large quantity of pus gathered in the ab domen. He made a brave struggle for life however, and hope was not aban doned until the morning of the day that he breathed his last. His nu merous friends in the village hoped to the last that under the skillful care of Dr. Cooney recovery would be ef fected, but it was willed otherwise. Brief and simple funeral services were conducted from the family resi dence Tuesday afternoon at 2 o'clock, and numerous residents of the village attended to pay a last tribute of re spect to the memory of an esteemed friend and neighbor. Rev. E. B. Ser vice delivered the funeral sermon, and a quartet composed of Mesdames C. A. Caley and E. B. Service and Messrs. Guy Ewing and Grover Umbehocker sang some touching selections. The floral tributes were exceptionally fine, and the casket was covered and sur rounded by beautiful flowers. Inter ment was in Oak Knoll cemetery. Charles E. Wedgewood was born in Livonia, Sherburne county, Sept. 24, 1870, so at the time of his death he was 45 years, six months and 16 days old. He accompanied his parents to Princeton at the age of ten years, and grew to manhood here. Aside from a year passed in the west three years ago this place has since been his home. Deceased was of an unassuming dis position, but was held in the highest regard by those who formed his ac quaintance, and his likeable personal ity won him a large circle of friends. He is survived by his aged mother, Mrs. Viola A. Wedgewood, and three sisters, viz: Mrs. Frank E. Patterson and Mrs. G. I. Nickerson of Seattle, Washington, and Mrs. Lillian Van Al stein of Princeton. Mrs. Wedgewood and Mrs. Van Al stein, mother and sister of deceased, desire to express their heartfelt thanks to all who extended sympathy and aid to them during their hour of sorrow, and especially are they appre ciative to those who contributed the beautiful floral tributes. J. Frank Quinlan. J. Frank Quinlan joined the great majority at the home of his son, Ed ward, in Greenbush Friday morning, at the advanced age of 83 years, 3 months and 10 days. Disease of the liver caused death. Funeral services were conducted at St. Edward's Catholic church in this village Monday morning at 10 o'clock, by Rev. Fr. Willenbrink. Interment was in the Catholic cemetery. J. Frank Quinlan was born at Hali fax, Nova Scotia, December 28, 1832. He was united in marriage to Miss Mary Jane Thomas at Loretta, Penn sylvania, on April 3, 1866, and they rounded out a half a century of wed ded life on April 3, last. The occa sion was appropriately observed. Mr. and Mrs. Quinlan came to Min nesota the year of their marriage, and both taught school in Rice county for a time. In 1867 the subject of this sketch was elected superintendent of schools of Le Seuer county. He proved a capable and popular official, and two years later was chosen county auditor, holding that position four years. In 1873 he was elected register of deeds, serving one term, and held various other offices of public trust. During President Cleveland's first ad ministration he served as postmaster of Le Seuer Center. Mr. and Mrs. Quinlan came to Princeton four years ago, and resided in this village three years, having lived with their son in Greenbush since that time. Mr. Quinlan was a good citizen, and served with honor and credit in the Civil war, being connected with Gen eral McPherson's staff for some time. He was wounded at the battle of At lanta, and his horse was shot under him upon that occasion. During his comparatively brief residence in this \sl VOLUME XL. NO. 17 vicinity hiiTpTeaT3air#*ways and upright manner earned him the respect and esteem of all who formed his acquain tance. The widow and son survive. Victim of Fatal Accident. Rev. David Holmgren, formerly pastor of the Unitarian church in Dal bo, Isanti county, was killed by a run away horse Tuesday afternoon in Min neapolis, half a block west of the Washington Avenue bridge. Mr. Holm gren was walking slowly, reading a newspaper, when struck from behind by the horse. A broken shaft pierc ing the side of the animal was respon sible for the deplorable accident. Rev. Holmgren was well known in Isanti county, where he had two court cases arising over his pastorship of the Dalbo church. Upon the first oc casion he was arrested upon complaint of the trustees for breaking into the church, and conducting services. Form er Governor John Lind appeared for Mr. Holmgren and the case was dis missed. Some time thereafter Rev. Holmgren instituted action for dam ages against the church trustees, bas ing his claim upon his previous arrest, but the jury declined to bring in a ver dict favorable to him. The following brief outline of Rev. Holmgren's career is taken from the Minneapolis Tribune: Mr. Holmgren was widely known in America and the Scandinavian coun tries as a powerful writer and lecturer on politics, religion and social sub jects. While pastor of a state Luther an church in Varnhem, Vestern Got land, Sweden, he represented his dis trict in the lower house of the Swedish, congress for 15 years. He espoused the cause of the radicals and had an active share in many socialistic re forms. His liberal views on theology and political issues led him into a clash with the government which caused him to leave the country for the United States, in 1903, according to Minneapolis friends. He had been a clergyman in Sweden for 30 years. He delivered lectures on temperance and religious topics in the Swedish tongue in Scandinavian settlements in Pennsylvania and New York and came to Minneapolis about six years ago. For two years he occupied a pulpit at. Dalbo, a small town in Isanti county, once a month. He was pastor of First Scandinavian Unitarian church, which has held serv ices at Pillsbury house, since 1912. Most of his time recently had been taken up with writing treatises and controversial essays. For a time he contributed articles to the Forskaren, a Socialistic review, formerly publish ed in Minneapolis. He leaves two sons, David and Knute, physicians in Bear Creek, Montana. The widow was notified at the home of her sons, where she is isiting. The Emporia Secret. There is only one way to minimize the work of the knocker, and that is to snub him. Knockers, like all men of misery, love company, and the most lonesome thing on earth is a knocker with no one to knock to. A knocker is harmless in himself, but he is a breeder of more knockers. Snub him to death cut him cold, and he will cease to knock, from sheer lonesome ness. A knocker must tell his trou bles, or there is no fun in knocking. The reason Emporia as a town pros pers, and is the best town of 10,000 people in the world, is that the knoek er has to weep on his own bosom. When a man has to sob into his own ear, he quits sobbing. That is the Emporia secret.Emporia, Kansas, Gazette. To Improve Baseball Diamond. Directors Morton, Cravens and Os terberg and Manager "Pongo" Olson, of the ball team, hiked out to the fair grounds Sunday morning and inspect ed the diamond. Considerable work in the way of improvements on same will be done this spring. A strip of several feet back of the base lines will be divested of sod, and the dia mond smoothened and levelled. Grav el will be used for filling in. Prac tice will start in a couple of weeks and the season will open shortly thereafter. Curfew Ordinance Now Effective. The ordinance establishing a nine o'clock curfew for children in this vil lage under the age of 16 years appears elsewhere in this issue, and the cur few is now effective. Violators of its provisions will be punished by a fine of not less than $2 or more than $25, or imprisonment until such fine be paid, not to exceed 25 days. Marshal Wilkes will see to it that offenders are brought to justice, and its provis ions will be strictly enforced.