Newspaper Page Text
Bureaucrats Waited Too Long Before Attempting to Check Indignation of the People I HE long drawn out contest be tween the Russian democracy and autocracy has now ended dramatically in the complete triumph of the former. The citadel of reactionism on earth is no more. No greater triumph for the cause of civili zation and freedom has been registered in history since the French revolution, writes Isaac Don Levine in the New York Tribune. The incalculable consequences of this epochal event became apparent only from a review of the causes and forces responsible for it. The Russian revolution is entirely a product of the war. Had there been no war, had Russia not been allied with the great democracies of Europe, czarism would still be rampant today in the great Slavic empire. For the forces that accomplished the change in ,the Russian government are not the usual revolutionaries of Rus sia. The industrial classes and the peasantry which rebelled in 1905 did Photos by American Press Association. not lead this time. There were, no revolutionary propagandists, no agita tors. No separate parties and factions existed in Russia on the eve of the revolt. The masses felt that some thing was in the afr, but they were kept in ignorance of the coming coup. Prussia Hated by Russians. And the leaders of the revolution are Russia's finest and ablest sons. The chiefs of the army, the duma, the imperial council, the great social or ganizations working for the prosecu tion of the war and many high court officials and relatives of the czar com bined for the first time in Russian history against the small clique of Ger manophiles controlling the Russian government. No revolution could have been successful without such a com bination. And such- a combination could never have been created without i the issue of the present war, the strug gle between democracy and autocracy. The Russian bureaucracy made a fa tal blunder when it entered the war on the side of France against Germany. The czar's advisers realized it only when it was too late. Their fate was sealed. The future of Russia's democ racy was assured by Russia's partici pation in the struggle. When the war broke out the Russian duma was a conservative body. Three months later the same duma was al ready progressive and even militant. How did this transformation come about? Only through the nature of the present war. Corruption Is Revealed. The Russian government was unable to meet the enormous demands made upon it by the struggle without the duma's co-operation. And when the conservative but honest duma ap proached the government closely for the purpose of co-operating in the pros ecution-of the war it discovered the indescribable corruption, ignorance, in competence and disorder dominating the whole governmental plant. The same thing happened in the army, the zemstvos and other public bodies that came in close contact with the government in connection with the business of the war. The appalling conditions prevailing in the official or ganism opened the eyes even of the most conservative and loyal citizens. Men who were the stanchest support ers of czarism turned in a short time Into radicals. High army officers, hon est but reactionary tchinovniks, patri- N'.S^.. More United Contest Against Germany and Government Similar to England's Predicted otic members of the court, soon came revolutionaries at heart. be- Disaster Was Expected. .But all these elements, the duma in cluded, believed that revolution in Rus sia during the war would mean disas ter to the allied cause. They therefore confined their activities toward the im provement of the government. But their success was practically nil, for it. soon became apparent that the Rus sian government was a nest of treason, that the pro-German elements in the court were dominating Russia and that losing the war and not winning it Was the chief object of the czar's advisers. The minister of war, Sukhomlinoff, betrayed his country in "return for German gold. This betrayal cost Rus sia hundreds of thousands of soldiers killed and captured and tens of thou sands of miles of its choicest territory. But this betrayal did not provoke the Russian democracy to revolutionary outbursts, for this democracy did not THE DEPOSED CZAR (LEFT), DAVID R. FRANCIS, UNITED STATES AMBASSADOR TO PETROGRAD (RIGHT), AND A VIEW OF THE CITY. desire to jeopardize thei.allies by weak ening Russia internally. When the government, however, be gan systematically to weaken Russia's rear the leaders of the army and the democracy realized that the govern ment was working for defeat. This state of affairs developed about a year ago. Boris Sturmer, a reaction ary and pro-German, became Russia's premier. He got his high post thanks to the influence of Rasputin, the monk, who dominated the czar and the czar ina. Rasputin was the center of a Photo by American Press Association. MICHAEL EODZIANKO, HEAD OF REVOLU- TION AND NEW GOVERNMENT. group of charlatans and German agents. To win Rasputin's favor was suffi cient to make one a minister in Rus sia. As the monk believed in a sep arate peace between Russia and Ger many, it is obvious why he supported Sturmer. A close collaborator of Ras putin, an international swindler and spy, Manasevitch-Manuilov, became private secretary of the premier. Since then a battle royal was waged in Russia, a battle on which the fate of civilization hinged. On one side were Rasputin, Sturmer, several court functionaries and some reactionary bu reaucrats. These will go down in his- tory as the "dark forces Qfi ttfe oth er hand stood the army, the duma, the nobility, the entire nation. Suffering Unites Country.r*f' Never was Russia so united as in the last few months. The eha~os created by the government caused the suffer- c*~s Photo by American Press Association. GRAND 1/UKE MICHAEL AIiEXANDROVTTCH, NEW REGENT. Ing of all. Policeman, tchinovnik, Cos sack or workingman were alike affect ed by the lack of food. In this sense the food difficulties precipitated the revolution, for they intensified popular feeling against the government. They made the people think more than ever before. And this led to a realization on the part of the entire nation that the government was traitorous. This was the foundation upon which the success of the revolution rested. The Russian government had no sup port whatsoever in the ranks of the nation. Itwas wholly and purely the creation of a few intriguers. ON IMPROVED FARMS Liberal Amounts Lowest Rates Prepayment Privilegee ROBT. H. KINS Princeton, Minnesota. dooooooooooooboooooococooo pHliaHiai!iIIllll!iiiiiiig^iag|i|g|jjiigra We pay the HIGHEST prices for Poultry, Veal, Eggs and Hides Townsend Produce Company Directly opposite Allen's Store Minn. SHINE IN EVERY DROP" Black Silk Stove Polish is different. It does not dry out can be used to the last drop liquid and paste one quality absolutely no waste no dust or dirt. You I get your money's worth. I Black Silk Stove Polish ia not only most economical, but it gives a brilli ant, silky lustre that cannotbe obtained with any other polish. Black Silk Stove Polish does not rub oftit lasts four times as long as ordinary polishso it saves you time, work and money. Don't forgetwhen yon want stove polish, be sure to ask for BlackSilk. If it isn't the best stovepolish you ever usedyourdealer will refund your money. Black Silk Stove Polish Works, Sterling, Illinois. Use Black Silk Air Drying Iron Enamel on grates, reg isters, stove-pipes, and auto mobile tire rims. Prevents rusting. Try it. Use Black Silk Metal Pol ish forsilverware,nickel,tin- ware or brass. It works quickly, easily and leaves a brilliant surface. It has no equal for use on automobiles. Ji^a-QttWD D^ ISlSlHBlllllSlSKii^lliiSSilSiS^SllSlI^a I WE ALWAYS! I' LEAD 1 11 gj We want your. N Conditions became critical in Russia last November. The disorder in the food supplies strained the relations be tween the government and the democ racy to the extreme. When the duma convened the nation waited breathless ly for the coming developments. The leader of the duma, Miliukoff, bitterly attacked Premier Sturmer. This attack led to the resignation of Sturmer. Protopopoff Retained Place. For a moment it seemed that the duma had triumphed. But Protopopoff, the minister of the interior, who was a protege of Rasputin and a friend of Sturmer, retained his post in spite of all protests. The newly appointed pre mier, Trepoff, was anxious to get rid of Protopopoff, but the tatter's connection with Rasputin secured his position. The situation grew more and more acute every day. Dark rumors of a separate peace spread from Russia. The army was aroused as never before. For the Rus sian army wants to vindicate its de feats in Poland. The Russian army and the Russian people firmly believe that had it not been for the govern ment's treason Poland and Lithuania would never have been lost to the Teu tons. An attempt was made by some of the leading figures in the duma and in the army to reconstruct the government by the elimination of Rasputin. The monk was killed about ten weeks ago. It was hoped that that would lead to the overthrow of the hated Protopopoff, but instead it caused the downfall of Trepoff. And Protopopoff power in creased even -more. There can be no doubt that hence forth Russia will be ruled in the man ner of Great Britain. The fact that Michael Rodzianko, the president of the duma, is the head of the execu tive committee responsible for the rev olution means that Russia is to have a fuHy constitutional form of govern ment, with a ministry responsible to the duma. Eggs and Cream SEE us HIGHEST PRICES ALWAYS AT G. H. WERLING'S Princeton Minn. Both Phone* LYON & HEALY PIANOS Pure in Tone D. R. BYERS, Agent PRINCETON (First Pub. March 15-2t) Notice of Hearing Upon Petition of Freeholder. Whereas, a petition signed by John G. Grant, a freeholder of school district No. 45. in this county, representing that he is the owner of the following described lands, situated in said district, to-wit: West half of northwest quarter of section twenty-seven (27) and northeast quarter of northeast quarter of section twenty-eight (28), all in township 42, range 25, and that said lands adjoin school district No. 33 in said county, And that he desires to be set off from said district No. 45 and attached to said district No. 33 for the following reasons, to-wit: "That under the present conditions my chil dren are compelled to go over two miles to .get to the school house in district No. 45 and 1 have to haul them myself while the school wagon in district No. 33 passed within sixty rods of .my house and goes by my place every school day in the year which will make no additional expense for district No. 33, but will make it more convenient for me and my children.'' has been presented to the county board of Mille Lacs county, and asking that his said lands may be set oS from said district No. 45 to said district No. 33, and the said board has appointed a time and place for hearing there- i on. Therefore Notice is hereby given that said petition will be heard by said board, at a session thereof,: commencing on the 24th day of April, A. D- i i 1917, at 2 o'clock in the afternoon, at the. 21 office of the county auditor in the village of Princeton, in said county, at which time and i place the said board will hear the evidence and the arguments of all persons interested, ii for.or against granting the prayer of the petitioner. Dated at- Princeton, Minn., March 6th, 1917. By order of the county board. W. C. County AuditorDANE, and Ex-Offieio (Seal) Clerk of Board. KE*X)K***X^^^ A General Banking Business Transacted. Loans Made on Approved Securtiy. a MAIN STREET, First matlonaltBank OF PRINCETON, MINNESOTA. PAID UP CAPITAL, $30,000 FEELING A HOME One of our ambitions is to have folks feel at home in this bank to cultivate geniality and good will to promote that feeling that the Princeton State Bank is a home institution-ready to serve our home people at all times. You will always find a welcome here you are entitled to pur time and attention whether you bank here or elsewhere. FARM LOANS FARMLANDS 1 i*****x*CK*:Kfr*^^ South Main Street '$X*X*X*:K:KOKOI^^H Pierson & Blocker (Successors to L. C. Hummel) Fresh and Salt Meats, Lard, POULTRY, FISH and GAME IN SEASON. Both Telephones ^mmmmmtnmmmmmmtmmmminmmmmmmmK Kali" m Interest Paid posits. Foreign and change. S. S. PETTERSON, President. T. H. CALEY, Vice President. J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier. Princeton State Bank Princeton Minnesota ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^X^ Security State Bank PRINCETON, MINNESOTA Capital, $32,000 Surplus, $10,000 JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier FARM LANDS FARM LOANS HcMillan & Stanley Successors to U.S. RUTHERFORD & CO. 1 You'll find no BARK on our Lumber, although we do 3 On Time Domestic PRINCETON, MINNESOTA i We Handle the Great Northern Railway Co. Lands. Princeton, Minn. Dressed Lumber Is Like a Dead Dog! THE BARK Is All Off! good deal of BARKING about it. We have the 3 E stock and feel justified in ths BARKING. When you 3 want the best lumber BARK up this tree 3 AND YUU'LL FIND IT 1 Rudd Lumber Co. 1 GEO. A. COATES, manager 7itumuiiimmiUiUiuiUiumi4tuiiiUiUiiimiUinimiiilt|||^ y***^^txw:i)Ktxiyii yia:t:i:ii ixw:a:iM:iiicixx!i[x*xatt 1! AC. SMITH Prime Meats of Every Variety, Poultry, Fish, Etc. Higest Market Prices Paid for Cattle and Hogs i II 3 3' 41 PRINCETON iU i^vfe"