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PRESENT WALL OF
WEL O ENEM
American Soldiers Will Be Armed
to Teeth When They Go
BAKER GIVES OUT DETAILS
One Hundred and Ninety-Two Gun*
and 480 Trench Knives Added to
Equipment of Each Regiment
Washington.American soldiers will
be literally armed to the teeth when
they go into the trenches.
In addition to the usual rifles, bayo
nets and pistols with which the men
are now armed, there will be added
to the fighting equipment of each regi
ment 480 trench knives, 40 to each
company 192 machine guns, 16 to
each company, and three one-pound
Details of the men's fighting equip
ment ,were given in a statement by
Secretary of. War Baker, outlining the
new army organization for overseas
27,152 Men in Division
The new organization increased the
ratio of artillery to infantry from three
to nine, as at 'present, to three to
four. A corresponding increase is
made in machine gun strength. In
addition, there are sections of sappers
and bombers which have important
parts to play in the new warfare.
The strength of the new organiza
tions will be: Divisions, 27,152 in
fantry brigade, 8,210 artillery brigade,
5.06S infantry company, 256, and ma
chine gun company, 178.
Each infantry regiment will have a
strength of 103 officers and 3,652 men.
There will be one headquarters, and
a headquarters company of 313 three
battalions of four rifle companies, each
totalling 3,078 one supply company
of 140, one machine gun company and
one medical detachment of 56.
The rifle company has 250 men and
six officers. It is composed of a com
pany headquarters and two officers
and 18 men, *nd four platoons. Each
platoon has two sections of riflemen
of 12 each, or 24 men one section
of bombers and rifle grenadiers of
22 men, and one section of auto rifle
of 11 men and four guns.
The 178 men of the machine gun
company will be armed with 12 heavy
machine guns and four spare guns.
Details of Organization.
The organization of the infantry di
vision in detail follows:
One division headquarters 164
One machine gun battalion of four
Two infantry brigades, each com
posed of two infantry regiments,
a nd one machine gun battalion of
three companies 16,430
One field artillery brigade, composed
of three field artillery regiments
and one trench mortar battery 5,068
One field signal battalion 262
One regiment of engineers 1,666
One train headquarters and military
One ammunition train 962
One supply train 472
One engineer train 84
One sanitary train, composed of four
field hospital companies and four
ambulance companies 949
Each regimental headquarters will
consist of seven officers and 294 men.
There will be a headquarters platoon
of 93, a staff section of 36, an orderlies'
section of 2$ a band section of 28
a signal platoon of 77, including a
telephone section a sappers' and
bombers' platoon of 44 a pioneer pla
toon of 55 for engineer work, and
a cannon platoon of 33 officers and
Sixteen Kitchens included.
The transportation equipment to
each regiment will be 22 combat
wagons 16 rolling kitchens, 22 bag
gage and rations wagons 16 rations
carts 15 water cai-ts three medical
carts 24 machine gun carts 59 riding
horses eight riding mules 332
draught mules two motorcycles with
side cars one motor car and 42
There will be 14 machine gun com
panies to the division. Each of the
four infantry regiments will have one,
each of the two brigades a machine
gun battalion of three companies, and
the division will have a separate ma
chine gun battalion of four companies.
This gives ^ie division a mobile ma
chine gun strength of ten companies
which can be used as special needs re
quire, while each regiment still has its
own machine gun equipment in one oil
its component companies. And in ad
dition there are 48 sections of auto
riflemen, each section carrying four
light machine guns.
Cow Wears Glasses.
Ferndale, N. Y.In an effort to save
a cow from becoming blind, its owner,
Charles Hagaman of Ferndale, who
values the animal at $7,000, has had
an operation performed on the cow's
eyes, and it now wears colored glass
spectacles to protect it from the sun.
The cow has taken seven prizes at cat
tle exhibits in two years. Recently it
contracted an ailment of the eyes that
was threatening its sight. It is said
the animal's condition is much im
Fire Hoe Runs Amuck.
Brazil, Ind.A demonstration of
Brazil's new fire truck and engine
came to a sudden stop here the other
day when the hose got away from the
nozzle men and wiggled like-a snake
down one of the main streets, dispers
ing the crowds.
BRIDGE OF SLATt
A temporary pontoon bridge of
short-length slats used by the French
across the Alsne river in France.
PET COON AMONG CHICKENS
Mixup Causes Break in Friendly Re
lations Between Old
Nortonville, Kan.Edouard Sharp
has a chicken house and a lot of chick
ens. James Skinner had a pet coon,
and because the two got mixed up the
other night, Ed and Jim aren't on the
best of terms.
About midnight of the time in ques
tion, Ed was awakened by a neighbor
who said that something was in Ed's
chicken house. The two got a flash
light, a gun and a club and marched
silently out to the chicken house,
entering they saw a big coon on the
perch. Ed used his club. The neigh
bor used his gun. The coon discov
ered it was an unlucky combination.
Next morning Jim missed his coon.
He heard about the row over at Ed's
place and went over. It was his
16 AMERICAN CITIES
BUILT BY ONE MAN
Washington.If ever there
was reason to be proud of Amer
ican determination, speed and in
genuity there is reason now to
be proud of the remarkable ac
complishment of one man
Maj. W. A. Starrett, who built
16 cities each to accommodate
40,000 persons, complete with
light, heat, ventilation and sew
erage systems, all in three
Maj. W. A. Starrett was an
architect before the United
States got into the war. When
congress severed relations with
Germany Starrett became chair
man of the committee on. emer
gency construction of the coun
cil of national defense. As
soon as the conscription bill was
passed Starrett set to work to
construct the great cantonments
that are now housing the drafted
men of the National army. The
feat is unequalled in history.
WIFE AND SON HELP FIGHT
Poilus in Trench With Disguised Fam
ily Keep Thelp Secret
In the Chasseurs.3
Paris.A land owner of Vergeze has
received the following letter from his
son., a staff captain:
"I heard a strange story today, that
a woman and a boy of sixteen had
been found among the men of the
battalion of unmounted chasseurs. An
investigation was made and they were
found to be the wife and the son of
a chasseur who had determined not to
be separated from him. Both went
into the trenches with the other poilus,
and the most striking thing about it
is they had been with the battalion five
months before the authorities found
out. Of course everybody in the bat
talion knew, but, as you see, the se
cret was well kept.
"As an old chasseur yourself" you
will be proud to learn that a father
and mother and son have been under
fire together in your old battalion."
HUNGER BRINGS HIM BACK
Tennessee Private Deserts and Defies
Pursuers, but Lack of Food Makes
Him Give Up.
Nashville, Tenn.Lincoln Burk
hardt, private in the First Tennessee
Infantry, after twice deserting, faces
court-martial. He deserted several
months ago, was captured and returned
to his command. He was given a light
sentence in the guardhouse. Recently
he deserted for the second time. He
made his way into the hills with his
uniform, gun and ammunition and dei
fied his pursuers. When he got hun
gry he Hung out', the white flag.
Dog Outwits Alarm.
Siberia, Cal.When his alarm failed
to work, James Atkins, investigating,
found his pet bulldog, who had con
tracted Atkins" habit of late rising,
turned the alarm lever off every night
after Atkins was asleep, and then turn
ed it en again the next morning to
avoid suspicion. Atkins is buying an
electric clock with a time lock.
CONSERVATION OF MEAT. K*
There seems to be some misunder
standing among certain classes of peo
ple in regard to the movement for the
conservation of food, organized by Mr.
Hoover and his assistants. In Prince
ton and other small ^owns the majority
of the housewives are very frugal and
do not permit much food to be wasted
in their homes. The government is
not asking such women to be more
economical but merely to use substi
tutes for certain foods which are need
ed for our armies and allies in Europe.
It is the duty of every housewife to be
as economical as possible in using
white flour, sugar and meat. Use
whole wheat flour, cornmeal, etc. For
meat substitutes use nuts, cheese,
eggs, milk, peas, beans, fish, chickens
and other fowls, if you can afford to
Circulars containing the following
information have been 'sent out from
the state farm school.
Present Situation in Meat Supply.
There are fewer meat animals in the
Unitd States today than there were in
1910. The population of the United
States today is estimated at about
100,000,000, an increase of about
8,000,000 over that of 1910. To meet
the demand for meat in 1910 it was
necessary to import 195,938 animals,
in 1916 439,185 animals. Today war
conditions make it impossible to im
port any such number of meat ani
mals as well as necessitating the ex
porting of large numbers. Hence the
per capita sunsumption of meat in this
country must be reduced.
Significance of Protein in Nutrition.
Protein is one of the foodstuffs which
yields fuel for the body that it may
carry on its internal and external
work. Protein is also absolutely
necessary for the growth and repair
of the body tissues since all body
tissues and fluids contain pro
tein. Each day's work results in
wear and tear to the body. Only pro
tein can replace protein. Hence wear
and tear must be made good from
protein-containing foods. Each day's
dietary should be planned to contain
some food or foods high in protein. All
:the foods mentioned above as substi
tutes for meat are rich in protein.
One cup scalded milk, 1 cup soft
stale bread crumbs,
NUT AND BREAD CRUMB LOAF.
One cup chopped yalnuts, 2 cups
bread crumbs, cup tomato juice
and pulp, 2 tablespoons melted fat, 1
egg, Y2 teaspoon onion juice, Y2 tea
rk lb. mild cheese
cup grated), 1 tablespoon fat, V2
teaspoon salt, 3 eggs.
Mix first five incredients. Add
yolks of eggs beaten thoroughly. Cut
and fold in stiffly beaten whites of
eggs. Pour into oiled baking dish.
Bake about 20 minutes in a moderate
Make into a loaf. Place in pan lined
with waxed paper. Bake about one
NUT AND CHEESE LOAF.
One cup chopped walnuts, 2 cups
bread crumbs, cup tomato juice
tablespoons chopped onion, 1 table
spoon butter, 2 tablespoons lemon
juice, IY2 teaspoons salt, 1-8 teaspoon
Mix ingredients, using enough water
to hold mixture together. Place in an
ouiled bread pan lined with wax paper.
Bake in a moderate oven about 45
All measurements in the above reci
pes are level.
Peanuts, hazelnuts or butternuts
may be substituted for the walnuts.
If peanuts or hazelnuts are Used, they
should be ground very fine. G. D.
Duty Superior to Sentiment.
If a man comes to this country to
live under its protection, to labor un
der its security, to bring up a family
under its privileges, why should he in
this country's cause not fight the foe,
even his own kith and kin? The Ger
man kaiser, addressing his recruits,
once said that at his command they
must shoot down father or mother, sis
ter or brother. Surely no kaiserite
amongst us will presume to dispute the
kaiser. If obligation to country is
superior to blood ties in Germany, that
obligation here is superior to cast-off
allegiance and personal sentiment.
A man may not be able to govern
his sentiment, but duty is superior to
sentiment. So George H. Thomas
thought when he turned against his
native Virginia and stood by the
union. So did many a man in our
civil war, who had brother or uncle
or nephew, or evenffather or son, op
posing him. They didn't snivel either,
those true men didn't. Their hearts
might bleed, but they did their duty.
These Americans here who prefer
their German sentiment to their
American allegiance can show that
they are men by frankly surrendering 1
their American property and fore
swearing their American allegiance. We
might consider them mistaken, but we
could not deny their courage. But,
the man who will take from America
her benefits and refuse to fullfil his
obligations acts a despicable part. If
one of our citizens is a Getfman at
heart, let him Have the sincerity to' tWmacmJMMi)!^
stand up and be counted for what he
In his heart of hearts there is no
man who does not prefer to be a free
man rather than a subject. These
Germans here who were born Prussian
chattels prefer their privileges as
American citizens. The trouble with
a few of them is that they want to
retain the privilege while letting
others protect it. If they do not care
to protect it let them surrender it.
Their sons for the most part think
better, esteem their privilege and are
proud of their citizenship. Americans
of German blood are volunteers in the
regular army, and in the national
guard, or rejoice to have been drafted.
They are to be honored.
He who is not now for America is
against her.Minneapolis Journal.
MY MOTTO: Be honest and deal
fairly with everybody have no
favorites and s*U to the highest
bidder. If you are contemplating
a sale it will pay you to call on
or write me.
JOH N DAVI S I
Licensed Auctioneer 1
fjj Is prepared to conduct sales in 1
this territory on reasonable terms
See me when you contemplate
holding an auction sale
CLARENCE TAYLOR I
Licensed and Experienced
Route No. 1 Princeton, Minn.
Having decided to make Prince
ton my permanent home, I am
now in a position to Nurse and
also Attend Confinement Cases.
Mrs. Julia Jantzen
Midwife Licensed by the State
Residence One Block South of
Tri-State 245 Rural 52
Mone to Loa
ON IMPROVED FARMS
Liberal Amounts Lowest Rates
ROOT. H. KING
We want your
Eggs and Cream
HIGHEST PRICES ALWAYS ATc
C. H. WERLING'S
Any indulgence^of thfc weakness by f\*& P/fS^ N^tlntl^l HjPtStnM'^" I
Any indulgence"of this weakness by
our government would be partiality.
Is the true American to protect with
his life and body the life and,property
of a man who is an enemy at heart? 5 i
Has a man any business in this coun
try who is potentially a traitor to her?
Is any citizen worth the trouble to
protect him who subordinates his duty
to America to his European senti
ment Do we want men here who do
not believe in the liberty they enjoy,
but adhere to the autocracy they es
$fi JpKV ,J%'/
First National Bank
OF PRINCETON, MINNESOTA.
PAID UP CAPITAL, $30,000
A General Banking Business
Loans Made on Approved
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice President.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
Visit Our Vaults
inspect our Safe Deposit Service-the best obtainable
in any communitynot obtainable elsewhere in this
You should not worryfe. Nor will you, with yourjimpor-
tanti documents safely locked in your private strong box
within the steel walls of our Safe Deposit Vault.
Plenty of room, too, for Friend Wife's jewels, and for
small, but priceless heirlooms.
The price of this protection is surprisingly small
up per year.
Princeton State Bank
TK. XJJI JM?JNE
Geo. A. Coates
BANK AND YOUR VALUABLES
IN OUR SAFETY DEPOSIT VAULTS. THEN YOU WILL KNOW
WHERE THEY ARE: THAT THEY ARE ALWAYS SAFE- THAT
YOU CAN GETTHEfa WHEN YOU WANT THEM?
MONEY AND VALUABLES KEPT
NERVOUS. YOU CAN'T GO OUTr
SOMETHING MAY HAPPEN TO THEM WHILE YOU ARE GONE
FIRE MAY BURN THEM OR BURGLARSI MAYSTEAL THEM.
WE PAY 4 PERCENT INTEREST ON TIME DETOSITS.
COMETO OUR BANK.
Security State Bank
On Time De-
Long Siding', Minn.
We are always in the market for good
real estate or personal loans.
Carryyour checking account with us
5% paid on time deposits.
Are you reading your own
Union, or do you borrow it
from your neighbor? Sub