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C. DUNN, Publisher s\ AT TONNAGE TAX to* banter Replies to Cravens* ^Article and Shows That^BOl- *g aca Editor Is at ta.f^M e^1 W fTHe Tears to. Shreds Cravens' Argu- ment and Proves it to be With irat Remotest Foundation^, r*. Milaca, December 16, 1918. 'To the Editor of the Union: It is said that discretion is the bet I 'tearpart of valor. Some people some times forget this and will sacrifice their discretion and some other de sirable qualities to their valor. This appears to be true of Mr. Cravens' 'editorial effort in the Milaca Times of ^December 12, and on the front page. He begins by saying: "The Princeton ion published a lengthy communi [on from Senator Richard Hamer [week in which the senator attacks *idea of a tonnage tax on iron ore. ^ihe important feature of the article is the fact that Mr. Hamer is opposed to-a "tonnage tax." In another place ''he says, "So Mr. Hamer has the honor being the first advocate of the idea 'that there is danger of overtaxing the -steel trust." Those who read my communication referred to will know that the idea or principle of a tonnage tax was not dis cusse therein. There was nothing 'said about the merits or the demerits of the idea, so that Mr. Cravens' asser tions are altogether unwarranted. Those who have habituated themselves to thinking logically will disapprove of his method of reasoning, and, per haps Blame the man for trying to mis inform his readers by fallacious argu ment. We suggest, however, the sus pension of judgment as to blame worthiness on the ground of uncertain ty as to whether it is due to a moral ora mental obliquity or both. One effect of the discussion started by my letter has been to bring things out into the open that were in the dark hefore. In this connection one may mention particularly the contention of Mr. Cravens and other league intellec tuals, that, notwithstanding the fact that the prices of ore and iron was fixed and revised by President Wilson, there is still being- tarried onbyfte steel trust a gigantie scheme of graft, and these league leaders are calling for a share in it. If 13ae charges of these men are correct the president jnust necessarily be implicated. In the ligKt of this how are we to view their Jaudations of President Wilson? When are we going to spring the graft charges against him? The guilt or innocense of the President stands or falls with that of the steel trust in this case. Mr. Cravens' argument proceeds on the assumption of their guilt as follows: "The tonnage tax proposed is an ADDITIONAL TAX to be^yied by the state on each ton of 6, iined, and at 25 cents per ton would have brought the state revenue last year about $11,000,000, and some of the richer ores could be taxed high er and proportionately increase the revenue. If the steel trust was taxed dollar for dollar on their property in ^Minnesota the same as the farmers are taxed, the total tax they would have to pay would be nearer $50,000,000 per year than the amount stated above." The surprising character of the foregoing quotation will be better seen in the light of some facts relating to, and involved in The Valuation of Mining Properties. The work of ascertaining the value of the mining properties is performed principally, perhaps wholly, by the school of mines, a branch of the uni versity and the Minnesota tax com mission. A study of their official re ports will give some idea of the care- $ ful manner in which the work is done: The biennial report of the school, 9 dated September 1, 1918, contains the fA following: "Since September 1, 1916, $ we have reported on 199 properties, 85 of which show an increase of 159,- 834,843 tons, 37 show a decrease of 20,243,018 tons, and 7 show no change in tonnage over that previously estk mated, making a net increase in merchantable ore of 139,591,833 tons." This shows that there is a constant checking and correction of the data upon which the estimating is based. The means of ascertaining the quanti ty and quality of ore in any property is by explorative drilling, thereby find ing the demensions of the ore deposit. Analysis is made of every five feet to determine the grade of the ore. Ac tual workings of the mines have shown that the correctness of this method has approached "very close to actual 'eragse nditions." The estimate of the value thi ore per ton is based on the price of ore in the open mar during a period of five or ten sdeducting, of course, all the "ssary items of cost. I quote the following from the report of the Min nesota tax commission:' "To illustrate the procedure, assume a good grade of ore 'will average $4 per ton at lower lake porta, and that the general average of production and delivery costs (exclusively of royalty) will be $3 per ton. The difference, $1 per ton, represents the future full value per ton df the total tonnage in the deposit. Assume that it will take 20 years to exhaust the deposit and to obtain the total full value of the total deposit assume that money is worth 8 per cent. The present value of $1 per ton per annum at "8 per cent is $0,505. Mul tiply this amount by the number of tons in the deposit and it will give the total present value of the deposit." Prom the same report we quote the following in regard to this method: "This is the only logical method to be followed by any operator who- de- sires to anticipate and capitalize the future expected net operating profit through a bond issued sucured by a mortgage on the property containing an iron ore deposit." This same estimate of the value^f Jnining prop erties is used as thetasis of the values for taxation purposes. The Taxation of Mining Properties Compared With Fawn PiupciCica.^ The law under which thes proper ties are classified for taxation pur poses is that of Chap. 483, General Laws of 1913. From sec, 1 we quote: "Class 1. Iron ore, whether mined or unmined, shall constitute class one (1) and shall be valued and assessed at fifty (50) per cent of its true*and full value. If unmined it shall be assessed with, and as part of the real estate in which it is located, but at the rate aforesaid," etc. In another paragraph under class 3, among other things placed in this class, we read: estate except as provided by class one (1) hereof shall constitute class three (3) and shall valued and assessed at thirty-three and one-third (33 1-3) per cent *pf the true and full value thereof.*1 This applies to farm lands. It appears, therefore, from the fore going statutory requirements, that mining property is assessed at 50 per cent of its full value and farm proper ty one-third only of its full value. If the mining properties were put into the same class as farms for taxation purposes, instead, i paying $50,0.00,- 000, as Cravens says, they would pay only two-thirds of what they are now paying. Instead of paying $10,395,- 235 for 1917 they would have paid only $6,930,157. Again, if the farm property were placed in class one as the mining property is, and assessed at 50 per cent of its full value, for every $10 we pay now in taxes we would then pay $15. This is how Mr. Cravens' "dollar for dollar" proposal would work out in practice. How does it look to "league" farmers? There are some more things I would like to write about but will not en c^pach on your valuable space any further at present. Thanking you, I am, Yours very truly, Kichard Hamer. George Harvey Garrison. George H. Garrison, son of Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Garrison of Greenbush, died in Milaca on December 8 from in fluenza-pneumonia. He was attend ing high school in Milaca, was presi dent of his class, and a general fa vorite with his classmates and among the business men of the town. George was supporting himself while obtain ing an education and had a promising career before him. The esteem in which he was held was manifested when his remains were taken to the train at Milaca for transportation to Princeton. It was then that his school mates placed upon the casket two beautiful floral offerings. All that was mortal of the young man was laid to rest in Oak Knoll cemetery, where a brief service was conducted by Rev. James A. Geer of the Methodist church. George H. Garrison was born in Endon, Crow Wing county, Minn., on May 24, 1901, where he passed the first fifteen years of his life. He ob tained his eighth grade diploma in the Brainerd schools and two years ago, with his parents, came to Greenbush. He is survived by his parents three brothers, Ernest, Harold and Gerald and one sister, Lela. No More Volunteer Armies. "Taps" to the volunteer system of raising armies in war time by the United States was sounded by Major General Enoch H. Crowder, provost marshal general, in an address to the retiring members of 189 New York draft boards. He earnestly advocated that the selective service system should become the permanent method of raising American armies in the fu ture. General Crowder declared the selec- iim tive service law had enabled the gov ernment in this wa* to register 28r- 740,000 Americans, put into the field nearly 3,000,000 fights* and to have in readiness to entrain on November 11, when the armistice was signed, 2,000,000 more soldiers, til within a period of eighteen matmuti It .would he a "calamity," he said, fdr the United States to revert to Hie volunteer system in view at such a_ successful test of the selective service, adding that the American conscripts had shown the valor, aggressiveness and initiative of the most seasoned troops. fRINCETON, MILLE I^C COUNTT^MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 19,1918 -A The New Road Plan. The proposition of a bond issue for aiding in the construction of good "All unplatted real roads in Minnesota is even now at tracting the attention of the members of the new house and senate, and from the talk its consideration is go ing to overshadow everything in a legislative way this session. As ten tatively outlined the desired legisla tion is an amendment to the constitu tion permitting a bond issue running into the millions of dollars, which, with a like amount promised by congress, would permit the construction of a permanent system of highways. Na turally every road material man and concern iiktye United States is inter ested in the outcome, and he^e is where the real danger lies. The whole thing may excite the hungry. That constructive road legislation will pass the session is certain, and many hon estly concerned in bringing such about are busy. They are trying to get rid of outside interference.Vance Chap man, "County Chairman." M r^ *IS?^?^ Wintering Bees^ A^-** Bees do best in winter if the tem perature of the hive stands at 57 degrees Fahrenheit. In order to have the right temperature within the hive the temperature of the-eellar usually should be about 50 degrees. A chemi cal thermometer is safest to use in keeping track-of beehive""temperature. The best results in the cellar win tering of bees have been obtained in cellars of houses which are heated by furnaces. The part of the cellar used for hives should be partitioned off and so located that there will be no light or other disturbing factor while the bees are under cover. It is well to choose for a bee room a part of the cellar through which some of the fur nace pipes run. If this gives too high* a temperatBBe^he "pipes may be in sulated. The room should contain no windows and the outside walls should be thoroughly protected to the top either by a bank of soil or by other means. Bolshevist Paper Starts. A bolshevist paper has been started in Minneapolis by A. L. Sugarman, convicted disloyalist and head of the radical reds in control of the socialist party. The name of the new publica tion is the "American Bolshevik." In an effort to revive the waning strength of the socialist party in Minnesota, which has dwindled to 2,200 members and is fast dying out, according to the party's own statement, the new paper is trying to popularize the cause of bolshevism in Russia and the United States. So far as a location is concerned the convicted disloyalist editor could scarcely have selected a better place for a start than Minneapolis unless it were New Ulm or Glencoe. Pope May Leave Vatican. A press dispatch from Rome de clares that Pope Benedict is prepar ing to leave the Vatican and thus aban don an old custom. It is true that a pontiff left the Vatican in 1871, but that course was pursued as a protest against the occupation of Rome by the Italian government. Before being chosen pope the present incumbent was a man who loved to perform works of charity among his parishon ers, making daily trips to the poor and sick in order to ameliorate their suf fering. Hence, it is declared, he pre fers freedom to /tome and go from the Vatican so that he may again per sonally perform acts of philanthropy. An Excellent Idea. Congressman-elect John C. Kleczka of Milwaukee believes that all alien enemies who have been interned in American prison camps for the dura tion of the war should be deported as soon as peace is officially declared. Unless this is done through the im migration department, Kleczka will in troduce a resolution in the house of representatives directing the proper officials to deport all interned aliens. I" A Precautionary Measure. gf|S \^JackJDid you tell her what you said was in strict confidence? *|ffi EthelNoj I didn't want her to think it was of importance enough to repeat.Boston Transcript. BlIAtMFi^NC ^p &. M2Ue Lacs County Farm Bureau Holds TIflsthajnastic Convention and Electa Officers. Food Administrator A. D. Wilson De- Hverel&Btractive Address on Various Farm Topics. Lacs County Farm fteld its annual meeting in Milaca on Saturday.. There were only 70 persons present, but, considering prevailing conditions, this was considered a good attendance. The morning session was given over largely to routine work. President Uptag^afft reviewed the achievements of the, past year and Carl Sholin, sec retary-treasurer, read his report cov ering the, period since the bureau's establishment. County agent Steward then outlined the work for the coming year and put forth suggestions for the improvement of such work. A. D. Wil son, state food administrator, made the principal address of the day and suggested a progressive after-the war program. He said, in part: "The farmers of the county are en gaged in big business. I say big business advisedly, as when one con siders the amount of business done by the creameries and the amount of po tatoes and stock shipped it amounts'to big business. "The continued prosperity of this country and its farmers depends a great deal upon the stabilizing of the European governments, as unless the people of Europe develop stable gov ernments they will be unable to earn the wherewithal with which to buy our porducts at prices that will be remunerative to ourselves. Nor will they be able to pay their own indebt edness. "It is Tiest that prices remain high for a time. We have an immense war debt. Should wheat drop to one-half its present price twice as many bush els would be required to pay the debt. Should labor drop to one-half twice as many days' work would be required. Manufacturers will have to be pros perous to pay the high wages and the transportation systems will have to earnsg^*|gli to pay their employes so that these people will be able to buy farm products at the higher prices. Sane thinking is necessary during the reconstruction period." Mrs. Wilson, in closing, paid a high compliment to the farm bureau of Mille Lacs county for its accomplish ments to date with plans for another year. The following were elected as the executive committee for the coming year: President, LeRoy Uptagrafft, Milaca vice president, Fred Burrell, Onamia secretary-treasurer, Carl M. Sholin, Milaca county commissioners, Peter Sehlin, Redtop county schools, Olof Wasenius, Princeton farmers' clubs, Louis Normandin, Ronneby livestock breeders, Sam Droogsma, Princeton shipping associations, An drew Thilquist, Milaca co-operative creameries, P. M. Schelin, Milaca commercial clubs, J. A. Allen, Milaca county fair, Ira G. Stanley, Princeton member at large, Wm. Gebert, Prince ton. Record Winter Wheat Crop. The largest winter wheat crop in the history of the United States is promisedthe enormous acreage sown this fall makes it reasonable to expect this. This acreage is nearly 16 per cent larger than last year's and totals 49,027,000 acres. A crop of 765,000,000 bushels, or 80,- 000,000 bushels more than the best rec ord, is forecast by the department of agriculture as next year's winter wheat yield, allowing for winter kill ing and spring abandonment. Last year's crop was 555,725,000 bushels. The condition of tl^e crop on Decem ber 1 was 98.5 per cent of a normal, compared with 79.3 a year ago, 85.7 in 1916 and a ten year average of 88.2. The area sown to rye is 6,820,000 acres, 1.7 per cent more than the re vised estimated area sown in the fall of 1917, which was 6,708,000 acres. The condition of the crop on Decem ber 1 was 89 per cent, of a normal, compared with 84.1 a year ago, 88.8 in 1916 and a ten year average of 91.4. Stop All Alien Propaganda. There ought to be a thorough In vestigation of the whole question of foreign propaganda. It is apparent that Germany had a powerful corps of agents, particularly press agents, in this country, before the war, and there is every reason to believe that this has been the prac tice of other foreign nations as well. No objection can be made to pleas made in the*open in behalf of any na tion by its recognized agents. But this thing of hiring newspaper men, educators and politicians to represent the political and commercial interests of alien powers, and permitting them to operate under the name of Ameri cans, must stop if the people are not to pay the penalty of such alien plot ting. We should know just what has been expended in this country in agitation in behalf of any foreign nation before the European war and we should know who is operating along this line after the war is over. It should be made a criminal offense \o carry on in this country any sort of alien agitation un der false pretenses. The creed of every American should be America first. Any citizen of the United States who would put the in terests of other countries before those of his own, or who would sacrifice the interests ofv this country in behalf of any foreign nation or group of nations, is a traitor and should be* treated as such. I Youthful Burglars. Two boys, 13 and 15 years of age respectively, were brought before Jus tice King yesterday charged with burglary. They were captured red handed in the Caley hardware store on Monday night, having entered the premises through a window on the south side of the building. 'The boys admitted-that for some time they had conducted ^systematic raids on Princeton stores and the loot produced at the hearing, which was found at their home, "seemed to prove the truth of their statement. Five suitcases containing shoes, revolvers, searchlights, watches, pocketknives, etc., besides two rifles and ammuni tion, constituted a part of the loot. The stores they had raided included thbse of the C!aley Hardware company, Orton & Kaliher and George Newton, and they had visited these places on several occasions, entering the Orton & Kaliher store by climbing a water pipe and descending to the floor by means of a rope which they lowered through a skylight. Having admitted their guilt, the juvenile burglars were yesterday taken to St. Cloud for disposition of the case by Judge Roeser. Judge Roeser, after lecturing the boys and giving them sound advice, released them on probation upon their promise to in future, behave .them selves. E. H. Foley Captures Thief. On Tuesday evening Deputy Sheriff Ed Foley of Sherburne* county was called up by I. -F. Walker and in formed that a fellow named John Schomski, who worked for him a few days, had left for parts unknown and taken with him a 30-30 rifle, suit of clothes, gun case and other articles. Ed immediately started on the trail and followed it all night. Upon reach ing Milaca yesterday morning Mar shal Schmitz informed him that a man answering the description had just started out on the lake road. To gether with Marshal Schmitz the dep uty sheriff started in pursuit and soon overtook Schomski, who was carrying the stolen rifle. Upon being brought to bay the thief raised the gun and threatened to shoot, but when the deputy sheriff pulled his revolver and fired a bullet into the ground near the fellow's feet he dropped the rifle, sur rendered, and was brought to Prince ton and lodged in jail to await the coming of the Isanti county sheriff, who was notified. i Schomski is a Polack and is about 19 years of age. Local Potato Market Weak. The Princeton potato market re mains weak with a downward price movemtnt in Burbanks and Kings. Other varieties are without change in quotationsranging the same as the last week's market report. Receipts for the past few days have been a trifle heavier, but prices are evidently too low to induce farmers to market their holdings. Outside prices are also so low to induce farmers to mar ket their holdings. Outside prices are also so low that warehousemen can only ship at a loss. Hence the light outward movement. $ ~T ?__, $&- g* A Pronounced Pro-Hun.?Jgj?^ "To hell with the Red Cross," snapped one Mille Lacs county man when approached by a solicitor for the Red Cross Christmas roll call. Such a man is neither Christian, American nor humanitarian, for every informed person knows that the Red Cross is taking care of 3,000,000 mothers' sons still in our service, it is feeding the hungry thousands, clothing the naked, caring for orphans, fighting the great white plague and is ready at all times to answer the call of distress when fire, flood, or national disaster over takes people. The man who damns the Red Cross to hell had better find the kaiser and stay with*Mm a hell get alt the hell he wants. I don't know of more than one such manini our county, but one is too-*many and4 he should be shown the' red light ait the exit. Against this-one illustration of ig=- norance, prejudice and inhumanity" we have corps of workers who countr it a Christmas joy to go to every home9 in this county and call the roIT for re newals and new members-for the Red Cross. We are "going over the top,"" sure. -We shall have over 3,000 mem? bers in 1919. Some solicitors have completed their work others will finish, before Monday. All returns should be reported to the Princeton Staterbank, which is~the county treasury, and Miss Grace" Herdliska, county secretary, either directly or through the county chair man. Each branch will get 50 per cent back for Red Cross work. James A. Geer, & *rJt fering from a bullet wound in the* head and that if he recovered he would' be mentally incapacitated as long as. he lived. "Jimmie," as he was familiarly known to his associates, was a true blue American and in action fought like a wildcat, but a machine-gun bul let at last shot him down. He was born in Baldwin on April" 25, 1896 was wounded on November 2 last and died on November 25. He had been "over the top" three times and was vwith the American division which received the medal of honor for bravery in one of the hateam Jjp Thierry battles. The death of Jimmie is a hard blow to his parents, but they have the con solation of knowing that he was a \/jk fearless soldier for humanity's sake,. performed his duty well, and died a* 3* County Chairman Mrs. J. N. Johnson. !rit A Mrs. J. N. Johnson died at her home in Princeton on Saturday evening at 6:40 from pneumonia which followed influenza. She had been sick a little.' over two weeks. Funeral services were held at the* home by Rev. Milne on Sunday after noon and the interment was in Oate. Knoll cemetery. Relatives from-out of town present at the obsequies-were Mrs. T. E. Looney, Miss Ruth Looney J| and Mrs. Jasper Pierson, Minneapolis. jj|| Mrs. J. N. Johnson, whose maidens name was Mamie J. Howard, waffboamr* t in Baldwin, Sherburne county, in 1889** Tg anoV graduated from the PrinceTSana* s0 high school in the class of 1909. She was married to J. N. Johnson in 1910 ,-M and two sons were born of the union, #f, both of whom, together with'her hus- Tf& band, survive her. The boys are 5 and 1| 7 years o age-respectively. Mrs. JoJinspnjppsa devoted wife and mother, attached to her home, and possessed true Christian principles. She leaves many friends to mourn her. ?$ untimely taking away, hero. He gave his lifethe supreme* sacrificefor his country. ^^f||f Our Brave Soldiersof the Line. ^/j* Here is a brief but beautiful tribute- iUjfe from General Pershing jto the boys-. %g .^a -U- 7, Mr. Johnson thanks those who so-^vf kindly assisted the family during their -J^ sickness and at the funeral of his be-~ji loved wife. A 5| L-J" 5 Died iiLA_French Hospital, ^^^"f A telegram was received on Mon? 7 day by Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Brown*df f^*^ Baldwin conveying the intelligence jl| that their son, James L., had died in a "fllf-"^ French hospital. A letter recently? received by his parents from Ms--. .1 nurse stated that he was suf-* !y^&|| -J'! 5^ *J$3 IN* & JIT, who have fought our battles overseas r- *Hj|f "I pay the supreme tribute to our- *jjj| officers and soldiers of the line. Wherun jJ& I think of their heroism, their pajtience under hardships, their unflinching- |^J spirit of offensive action, I am filled' with emotion which I am unable'to*' express. Their deeds are immortal? and they have earned the eternal! gratitude of our country." These Will Soon Come Home.. General C. P. Marsh, chief of staff",* v3 announced yesterday the assignment^ to early convoy of the following or^a? ganizations, numbering about 1,500* men and officers: Headquarters, 39th'A brigade coast artillery, 173d, 158th, 801st, 149th, 25th aero squadronsr- 102d and 11th trench mortar batteriesi and companies A and of the 26ths. engineers. fr #P 33 Airplane MaiFSemce Begins: g?The first flight of what is expected^ to be regular daily airplane mail ser vice was made yesterday when attf aviator started from. New York witbK| 400 pounds of letters and another romv 'r Chicago with a like weight% The ser- vice will be between, these two cities?? and will include some of the inter.-^ mediate towns.