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The Princeton union. [volume] (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, December 19, 1918, Image 1

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C. DUNN, Publisher
to* banter Replies to Cravens*
^Article and Shows That^BOl- *g
aca Editor Is at ta.f^M
fTHe Tears to. Shreds Cravens' Argu-
ment and Proves it to be With
irat Remotest Foundation^,
Milaca, December 16, 1918.
'To the Editor of the Union:
It is said that discretion is the bet
I 'tearpart of valor. Some people some
times forget this and will sacrifice
their discretion and some other de
sirable qualities to their valor. This
appears to be true of Mr. Cravens'
'editorial effort in the Milaca Times
of ^December 12, and on the front page.
He begins by saying: "The Princeton
ion published a lengthy communi
[on from Senator Richard Hamer
[week in which the senator attacks
*idea of a tonnage tax on iron ore.
^ihe important feature of the article
is the fact that Mr. Hamer is opposed
to-a "tonnage tax." In another place
''he says, "So Mr. Hamer has the honor
being the first advocate of the idea
'that there is danger of overtaxing the
-steel trust."
Those who read my communication
referred to will know that the idea or
principle of a tonnage tax was not dis
cusse therein. There was nothing
'said about the merits or the demerits
of the idea, so that Mr. Cravens' asser
tions are altogether unwarranted.
Those who have habituated themselves
to thinking logically will disapprove
of his method of reasoning, and, per
haps Blame the man for trying to mis
inform his readers by fallacious argu
ment. We suggest, however, the sus
pension of judgment as to blame
worthiness on the ground of uncertain
ty as to whether it is due to a moral
ora mental obliquity or both.
One effect of the discussion started
by my letter has been to bring things
out into the open that were in the dark
hefore. In this connection one may
mention particularly the contention of
Mr. Cravens and other league intellec
tuals, that, notwithstanding the fact
that the prices of ore and iron was
fixed and revised by President Wilson,
there is still being- tarried onbyfte
steel trust a gigantie scheme of graft,
and these league leaders are calling
for a share in it. If 13ae charges of
these men are correct the president
jnust necessarily be implicated. In the
ligKt of this how are we to view their
Jaudations of President Wilson?
When are we going to spring the graft
charges against him? The guilt or
innocense of the President stands or
falls with that of the steel trust in
this case. Mr. Cravens' argument
proceeds on the assumption of their
guilt as follows: "The tonnage tax
proposed is an ADDITIONAL TAX to
be^yied by the state on each ton of
6, iined, and at 25 cents per ton
would have brought the state revenue
last year about $11,000,000, and some
of the richer ores could be taxed high
er and proportionately increase the
revenue. If the steel trust was taxed
dollar for dollar on their property in
^Minnesota the same as the farmers are
taxed, the total tax they would have
to pay would be nearer $50,000,000 per
year than the amount stated above."
The surprising character of the
foregoing quotation will be better seen
in the light of some facts relating to,
and involved in
The Valuation of Mining Properties.
The work of ascertaining the value
of the mining properties is performed
principally, perhaps wholly, by the
school of mines, a branch of the uni
versity and the Minnesota tax com
mission. A study of their official re
ports will give some idea of the care-
$ ful manner in which the work is done:
The biennial report of the school,
9 dated September 1, 1918, contains the
fA following: "Since September 1, 1916,
$ we have reported on 199 properties,
85 of which show an increase of 159,-
834,843 tons, 37 show a decrease of
20,243,018 tons, and 7 show no change
in tonnage over that previously estk
mated, making a net increase in
merchantable ore of 139,591,833 tons."
This shows that there is a constant
checking and correction of the data
upon which the estimating is based.
The means of ascertaining the quanti
ty and quality of ore in any property
is by explorative drilling, thereby find
ing the demensions of the ore deposit.
Analysis is made of every five feet to
determine the grade of the ore. Ac
tual workings of the mines have shown
that the correctness of this method
has approached "very close to actual
nditions." The estimate of the value
thi ore per ton is based on the
price of ore in the open mar
during a period of five or ten
sdeducting, of course, all the
"ssary items of cost. I quote the
following from the report of the Min
nesota tax commission:' "To illustrate
the procedure, assume a good grade
of ore 'will average $4 per ton at
lower lake porta, and that the general
average of production and delivery
costs (exclusively of royalty) will be
$3 per ton. The difference, $1 per ton,
represents the future full value per
ton df the total tonnage in the deposit.
Assume that it will take 20 years to
exhaust the deposit and to obtain the
total full value of the total deposit
assume that money is worth 8 per cent.
The present value of $1 per ton per
annum at "8 per cent is $0,505. Mul
tiply this amount by the number of
tons in the deposit and it will give the
total present value of the deposit."
Prom the same report we quote the
following in regard to this method:
"This is the only logical method to
be followed by any operator who- de-
sires to anticipate and capitalize the
future expected net operating profit
through a bond issued sucured by a
mortgage on the property containing
an iron ore deposit." This same
estimate of the value^f Jnining prop
erties is used as thetasis of the values
for taxation purposes.
The Taxation of Mining Properties
Compared With Fawn PiupciCica.^
The law under which thes proper
ties are classified for taxation pur
poses is that of Chap. 483, General
Laws of 1913. From sec, 1 we quote:
"Class 1. Iron ore, whether mined or
unmined, shall constitute class one (1)
and shall be valued and assessed at
fifty (50) per cent of its true*and full
value. If unmined it shall be assessed
with, and as part of the real estate
in which it is located, but at the rate
aforesaid," etc.
In another paragraph under class 3,
among other things placed in this
class, we read:
estate except as provided by class one
(1) hereof shall constitute class three
(3) and shall valued and assessed
at thirty-three and one-third (33 1-3)
per cent *pf the true and full value
This applies to farm lands.
It appears, therefore, from the fore
going statutory requirements, that
mining property is assessed at 50 per
cent of its full value and farm proper
ty one-third only of its full value. If
the mining properties were put into
the same class as farms for taxation
purposes, instead, i paying $50,0.00,-
000, as Cravens says, they would pay
only two-thirds of what they are now
paying. Instead of paying $10,395,-
235 for 1917 they would have paid only
Again, if the farm property were
placed in class one as the mining
property is, and assessed at 50 per
cent of its full value, for every $10 we
pay now in taxes we would then pay
$15. This is how Mr. Cravens' "dollar
for dollar" proposal would work out
in practice. How does it look to
"league" farmers?
There are some more things I would
like to write about but will not en
c^pach on your valuable space any
further at present. Thanking you, I
am, Yours very truly,
Kichard Hamer.
George Harvey Garrison.
George H. Garrison, son of Mr. and
Mrs. Lewis Garrison of Greenbush,
died in Milaca on December 8 from in
fluenza-pneumonia. He was attend
ing high school in Milaca, was presi
dent of his class, and a general fa
vorite with his classmates and among
the business men of the town. George
was supporting himself while obtain
ing an education and had a promising
career before him. The esteem in
which he was held was manifested
when his remains were taken to the
train at Milaca for transportation to
Princeton. It was then that his school
mates placed upon the casket two
beautiful floral offerings.
All that was mortal of the young
man was laid to rest in Oak Knoll
cemetery, where a brief service was
conducted by Rev. James A. Geer of
the Methodist church.
George H. Garrison was born in
Endon, Crow Wing county, Minn., on
May 24, 1901, where he passed the
first fifteen years of his life. He ob
tained his eighth grade diploma in the
Brainerd schools and two years ago,
with his parents, came to Greenbush.
He is survived by his parents three
brothers, Ernest, Harold and Gerald
and one sister, Lela.
No More Volunteer Armies.
"Taps" to the volunteer system of
raising armies in war time by the
United States was sounded by Major
General Enoch H. Crowder, provost
marshal general, in an address to the
retiring members of 189 New York
draft boards. He earnestly advocated
that the selective service system
should become the permanent method
of raising American armies in the fu
General Crowder declared the selec-
tive service law had enabled the gov
ernment in this wa* to register 28r-
740,000 Americans, put into the field
nearly 3,000,000 fights* and to have
in readiness to entrain on November
11, when the armistice was signed,
2,000,000 more soldiers, til within a
period of eighteen matmuti
It .would he a "calamity," he said,
fdr the United States to revert to Hie
volunteer system in view at such a_
successful test of the selective service,
adding that the American conscripts
had shown the valor, aggressiveness
and initiative of the most seasoned
The New Road Plan.
The proposition of a bond issue for
aiding in the construction of good
"All unplatted real roads in Minnesota is even now at
tracting the attention of the members
of the new house and senate, and
from the talk its consideration is go
ing to overshadow everything in a
legislative way this session. As ten
tatively outlined the desired legisla
tion is an amendment to the constitu
tion permitting a bond issue running
into the millions of dollars, which, with
a like amount promised by congress,
would permit the construction of a
permanent system of highways. Na
turally every road material man and
concern iiktye United States is inter
ested in the outcome, and he^e is
where the real danger lies. The whole
thing may excite the hungry. That
constructive road legislation will pass
the session is certain, and many hon
estly concerned in bringing such about
are busy. They are trying to get rid
of outside interference.Vance Chap
man, "County Chairman."
Wintering Bees^ A^-**
Bees do best in winter if the tem
perature of the hive stands at 57
degrees Fahrenheit. In order to have
the right temperature within the hive
the temperature of the-eellar usually
should be about 50 degrees. A chemi
cal thermometer is safest to use in
keeping track-of beehive""temperature.
The best results in the cellar win
tering of bees have been obtained in
cellars of houses which are heated by
furnaces. The part of the cellar used
for hives should be partitioned off and
so located that there will be no light
or other disturbing factor while the
bees are under cover. It is well to
choose for a bee room a part of the
cellar through which some of the fur
nace pipes run. If this gives too high*
a temperatBBe^he "pipes may be in
sulated. The room should contain no
windows and the outside walls should
be thoroughly protected to the top
either by a bank of soil or by other
Bolshevist Paper Starts.
A bolshevist paper has been started
in Minneapolis by A. L. Sugarman,
convicted disloyalist and head of the
radical reds in control of the socialist
party. The name of the new publica
tion is the "American Bolshevik." In
an effort to revive the waning strength
of the socialist party in Minnesota,
which has dwindled to 2,200 members
and is fast dying out, according to the
party's own statement, the new paper
is trying to popularize the cause of
bolshevism in Russia and the United
So far as a location is concerned
the convicted disloyalist editor could
scarcely have selected a better place
for a start than Minneapolis unless it
were New Ulm or Glencoe.
Pope May Leave Vatican.
A press dispatch from Rome de
clares that Pope Benedict is prepar
ing to leave the Vatican and thus aban
don an old custom. It is true that a
pontiff left the Vatican in 1871, but
that course was pursued as a protest
against the occupation of Rome by the
Italian government. Before being
chosen pope the present incumbent
was a man who loved to perform
works of charity among his parishon
ers, making daily trips to the poor and
sick in order to ameliorate their suf
fering. Hence, it is declared, he pre
fers freedom to /tome and go from
the Vatican so that he may again per
sonally perform acts of philanthropy.
An Excellent Idea.
Congressman-elect John C. Kleczka
of Milwaukee believes that all alien
enemies who have been interned in
American prison camps for the dura
tion of the war should be deported as
soon as peace is officially declared.
Unless this is done through the im
migration department, Kleczka will in
troduce a resolution in the house of
representatives directing the proper
officials to deport all interned aliens.
I" A Precautionary Measure. gf|S
\^JackJDid you tell her what you
said was in strict confidence? *|ffi
EthelNoj I didn't want her to
think it was of importance enough to
repeat.Boston Transcript.
^p &.
M2Ue Lacs County Farm Bureau Holds
TIflsthajnastic Convention and
Electa Officers.
Food Administrator A. D. Wilson De-
Hverel&Btractive Address on
Various Farm Topics.
Lacs County Farm
fteld its annual meeting in Milaca on
Saturday.. There were only 70 persons
present, but, considering prevailing
conditions, this was considered a good
The morning session was given over
largely to routine work. President
Uptag^afft reviewed the achievements
of the, past year and Carl Sholin, sec
retary-treasurer, read his report cov
ering the, period since the bureau's
establishment. County agent Steward
then outlined the work for the coming
year and put forth suggestions for the
improvement of such work. A. D. Wil
son, state food administrator, made
the principal address of the day and
suggested a progressive after-the
war program. He said, in part:
"The farmers of the county are en
gaged in big business. I say big
business advisedly, as when one con
siders the amount of business done by
the creameries and the amount of po
tatoes and stock shipped it amounts'to
big business.
"The continued prosperity of this
country and its farmers depends a
great deal upon the stabilizing of the
European governments, as unless the
people of Europe develop stable gov
ernments they will be unable to
earn the wherewithal with which to
buy our porducts at prices that will be
remunerative to ourselves. Nor will
they be able to pay their own indebt
"It is Tiest that prices remain high
for a time. We have an immense war
debt. Should wheat drop to one-half
its present price twice as many bush
els would be required to pay the debt.
Should labor drop to one-half twice as
many days' work would be required.
Manufacturers will have to be pros
perous to pay the high wages and the
transportation systems will have to
earnsg^*|gli to pay their employes so
that these people will be able to buy
farm products at the higher prices.
Sane thinking is necessary during the
reconstruction period."
Mrs. Wilson, in closing, paid a high
compliment to the farm bureau of
Mille Lacs county for its accomplish
ments to date with plans for another
The following were elected as the
executive committee for the coming
year: President, LeRoy Uptagrafft,
Milaca vice president, Fred Burrell,
Onamia secretary-treasurer, Carl M.
Sholin, Milaca county commissioners,
Peter Sehlin, Redtop county schools,
Olof Wasenius, Princeton farmers'
clubs, Louis Normandin, Ronneby
livestock breeders, Sam Droogsma,
Princeton shipping associations, An
drew Thilquist, Milaca co-operative
creameries, P. M. Schelin, Milaca
commercial clubs, J. A. Allen, Milaca
county fair, Ira G. Stanley, Princeton
member at large, Wm. Gebert, Prince
Record Winter Wheat Crop.
The largest winter wheat crop in
the history of the United States is
promisedthe enormous acreage
sown this fall makes it reasonable to
expect this. This acreage is nearly
16 per cent larger than last year's and
totals 49,027,000 acres.
A crop of 765,000,000 bushels, or 80,-
000,000 bushels more than the best rec
ord, is forecast by the department of
agriculture as next year's winter
wheat yield, allowing for winter kill
ing and spring abandonment. Last
year's crop was 555,725,000 bushels.
The condition of tl^e crop on Decem
ber 1 was 98.5 per cent of a normal,
compared with 79.3 a year ago, 85.7
in 1916 and a ten year average of 88.2.
The area sown to rye is 6,820,000
acres, 1.7 per cent more than the re
vised estimated area sown in the fall
of 1917, which was 6,708,000 acres.
The condition of the crop on Decem
ber 1 was 89 per cent, of a normal,
compared with 84.1 a year ago, 88.8
in 1916 and a ten year average of 91.4.
Stop All Alien Propaganda.
There ought to be a thorough In
vestigation of the whole question of
foreign propaganda.
It is apparent that Germany had a
powerful corps of agents, particularly
press agents, in this country, before
the war, and there is every reason to
believe that this has been the prac
tice of other foreign nations as well.
No objection can be made to pleas
made in the*open in behalf of any na
tion by its recognized agents. But
this thing of hiring newspaper men,
educators and politicians to represent
the political and commercial interests
of alien powers, and permitting them
to operate under the name of Ameri
cans, must stop if the people are not
to pay the penalty of such alien plot
We should know just what has been
expended in this country in agitation
in behalf of any foreign nation before
the European war and we should know
who is operating along this line after
the war is over. It should be made a
criminal offense \o carry on in this
country any sort of alien agitation un
der false pretenses.
The creed of every American should
be America first. Any citizen of the
United States who would put the in
terests of other countries before those
of his own, or who would sacrifice the
interests ofv
this country in behalf of
any foreign nation or group of nations,
is a traitor and should be* treated as
I Youthful Burglars.
Two boys, 13 and 15 years of age
respectively, were brought before Jus
tice King yesterday charged with
burglary. They were captured red
handed in the Caley hardware store
on Monday night, having entered
the premises through a window on the
south side of the building.
'The boys admitted-that for some
time they had conducted ^systematic
raids on Princeton stores and the loot
produced at the hearing, which was
found at their home, "seemed to prove
the truth of their statement. Five
suitcases containing shoes, revolvers,
searchlights, watches, pocketknives,
etc., besides two rifles and ammuni
tion, constituted a part of the loot.
The stores they had raided included
thbse of the C!aley Hardware company,
Orton & Kaliher and George Newton,
and they had visited these places on
several occasions, entering the Orton
& Kaliher store by climbing a water
pipe and descending to the floor by
means of a rope which they lowered
through a skylight.
Having admitted their guilt, the
juvenile burglars were yesterday taken
to St. Cloud for disposition of the
case by Judge Roeser.
Judge Roeser, after lecturing the
boys and giving them sound advice,
released them on probation upon their
promise to in future, behave .them
E. H. Foley Captures Thief.
On Tuesday evening Deputy Sheriff
Ed Foley of Sherburne* county was
called up by I. -F. Walker and in
formed that a fellow named John
Schomski, who worked for him a few
days, had left for parts unknown and
taken with him a 30-30 rifle, suit of
clothes, gun case and other articles.
Ed immediately started on the trail
and followed it all night. Upon reach
ing Milaca yesterday morning Mar
shal Schmitz informed him that a
man answering the description had
just started out on the lake road. To
gether with Marshal Schmitz the dep
uty sheriff started in pursuit and soon
overtook Schomski, who was carrying
the stolen rifle. Upon being brought
to bay the thief raised the gun and
threatened to shoot, but when the
deputy sheriff pulled his revolver and
fired a bullet into the ground near the
fellow's feet he dropped the rifle, sur
rendered, and was brought to Prince
ton and lodged in jail to await the
coming of the Isanti county sheriff,
who was notified. i
Schomski is a Polack and is about
19 years of age.
Local Potato Market Weak.
The Princeton potato market re
mains weak with a downward price
movemtnt in Burbanks and Kings.
Other varieties are without change in
quotationsranging the same as the
last week's market report. Receipts
for the past few days have been a
trifle heavier, but prices are evidently
too low to induce farmers to market
their holdings. Outside prices are
also so low to induce farmers to mar
ket their holdings. Outside prices are
also so low that warehousemen can
only ship at a loss. Hence the light
outward movement. $ ~T ?__,
g* A Pronounced Pro-Hun.?Jgj?^
"To hell with the Red Cross,"
snapped one Mille Lacs county man
when approached by a solicitor for the
Red Cross Christmas roll call. Such
a man is neither Christian, American
nor humanitarian, for every informed
person knows that the Red Cross is
taking care of 3,000,000 mothers' sons
still in our service, it is feeding the
hungry thousands, clothing the naked,
caring for orphans, fighting the great
white plague and is ready at all times
to answer the call of distress when
fire, flood, or national disaster over
takes people. The man who damns the
Red Cross to hell had better find the
kaiser and stay with*Mm a
hell get alt the hell he wants. I don't
know of more than one such manini
our county, but one is too-*many and4
he should be shown the' red light ait
the exit.
Against this-one illustration of ig=-
norance, prejudice and inhumanity"
we have corps of workers who countr
it a Christmas joy to go to every home9
in this county and call the roIT for re
newals and new members-for the Red
Cross. We are "going over the top,""
sure. -We shall have over 3,000 mem?
bers in 1919. Some solicitors have
completed their work others will finish,
before Monday.
All returns should be reported to
the Princeton Staterbank, which is~the
county treasury, and Miss Grace"
Herdliska, county secretary, either
directly or through the county chair
man. Each branch will get 50 per
cent back for Red Cross work.
James A. Geer,
fering from a bullet wound in the*
head and that if he recovered he would'
be mentally incapacitated as long as.
he lived.
"Jimmie," as he was familiarly
known to his associates, was a true
blue American and in action fought
like a wildcat, but a machine-gun bul
let at last shot him down.
He was born in Baldwin on April"
25, 1896 was wounded on November
2 last and died on November 25. He
had been "over the top" three times
and was vwith the American division
which received the medal of honor
for bravery in one of the hateam Jjp
Thierry battles.
The death of Jimmie is a hard blow
to his parents, but they have the con
solation of knowing that he was a \/jk
fearless soldier for humanity's sake,.
performed his duty well, and died a*
County Chairman
Mrs. J. N. Johnson. !rit
A Mrs. J. N. Johnson died at her home
in Princeton on Saturday evening at
6:40 from pneumonia which followed
influenza. She had been sick a little.'
over two weeks.
Funeral services were held at the*
home by Rev. Milne on Sunday after
noon and the interment was in Oate.
Knoll cemetery. Relatives from-out of
town present at the obsequies-were
Mrs. T. E. Looney, Miss Ruth Looney J|
and Mrs. Jasper Pierson, Minneapolis. jj||
Mrs. J. N. Johnson, whose maidens
name was Mamie J. Howard, waffboamr* t
in Baldwin, Sherburne county, in 1889** Tg
anoV graduated from the PrinceTSana* s0
high school in the class of 1909. She
was married to J. N. Johnson in 1910 ,-M
and two sons were born of the union, #f,
both of whom, together with'her hus- Tf&
band, survive her. The boys are 5 and 1|
7 years o age-respectively.
Mrs. JoJinspnjppsa devoted wife
and mother, attached to her home, and
possessed true Christian principles.
She leaves many friends to mourn her. ?$
untimely taking away,
hero. He gave his lifethe supreme*
sacrificefor his country. ^^f||f
Our Brave Soldiersof the Line. ^/j*
Here is a brief but beautiful tribute- iUjfe
from General Pershing jto the boys-.
Mr. Johnson thanks those who so-^vf
kindly assisted the family during their -J^
sickness and at the funeral of his be-~ji
loved wife. A 5|
L-J" 5
Died iiLA_French Hospital, ^^^"f
A telegram was received on Mon? 7
day by Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Brown*df f^*^
Baldwin conveying the intelligence jl|
that their son, James L., had died in a "fllf-"^
French hospital. A letter recently?
received by his parents from Ms--. .1
nurse stated that he was suf-*
who have fought our battles overseas r- *Hj|f
"I pay the supreme tribute to our- *jjj|
officers and soldiers of the line. Wherun jJ&
I think of their heroism, their pajtience
under hardships, their unflinching- |^J
spirit of offensive action, I am filled'
with emotion which I am unable'to*'
express. Their deeds are immortal?
and they have earned the eternal!
gratitude of our country."
These Will Soon Come Home..
General C. P. Marsh, chief of staff",* v3
announced yesterday the assignment^
to early convoy of the following or^a?
ganizations, numbering about 1,500*
men and officers: Headquarters, 39th'A
brigade coast artillery, 173d, 158th,
801st, 149th, 25th aero squadronsr-
102d and 11th trench mortar batteriesi
and companies A and of the 26ths.
33 Airplane MaiFSemce Begins:
g?The first flight of what is expected^
to be regular daily airplane mail ser
vice was made yesterday when attf
aviator started from. New York witbK|
400 pounds of letters and another romv 'r
Chicago with a like weight% The ser-
vice will be between, these two cities??
and will include some of the inter.-^
mediate towns.

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