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tions or corporations to secure better marketing conditions for what they nave to sell and what they have to buy, the Farmers* Co-operative cream ery lieing the most important. The importance of such -organization is be coming more and mote realized. Leg islation to this end was enacted in the Minnesota legislature last 'winter, and farmers of Mille Lacs-county are now having the benefit thereof. Legisla tion of similar character, but of wider scope, is being attempted in congress under the Capper-Hersman bill now pending. A. J. Volstead of Minnesota is chairman of the house committee where this Trill is under consideration. But the term "organized farmers" as used by the Times, and the league press generally, has no reference to any such organization, existent or con templated. It refers to the farmers who pay, and the persons who receive the amounts fixed by the big fixers as membership fees in the nonpartisan league, and which are used for the purpose of undermining and abolishing the present administration of affairs and establishing a socialist system- on its ruins, if the following from ah editorial in the Courier News of Far go, N. D., December 17^ be correct. The paper is an official league organ: "The whole nonpartisan league pro gram, according to Webster's diction ary is socialistic. The state bank, the mills and elevators, hail insuranceall these are socialistic." In some localities the farmers thus "organized" are a majority, in others they are a small minority, in others again there are none, and whatever business relatibhships they may have the dignity of being "organized" ap plies only to those who aid the pro moters of that socialistic scheme, which is of doubtful utility. Second"Anti-farmer." It seems very improbable, ridiculous even, that, any man of ordinary intelligence should be "anti" towards the industry in which he is engaged and on which he depends for a livlihood, and yet the Times persists in representing that such is nevertheless the fact. Men engaged in farming, and with whom it is their only vocation, are spoken of as "anti-farmer" merely because they da not have sufficient confidence in the poJitieal conditions of North Da kota to put their money into a similar experiment here, and have the courage to say so. Senator Hamer Makes Analysis. "champion." Perhaps we should here Milaca, December 30, 1919. explain that chapter 505 was a house To the Editor of the Union: bill, companion to the Johnson bill in "The one big fly in the ointment of the senate and was substituted for it, the anti-farmer gang of Mille Lacs so it became practically the Johnson county is the fact that they dare not bill. meet the champions of the organized How does the "rotten" record of the farmers in public debate." senator from Mille Lacs compare with The foregoing quotation is part of this, and what is their in.the session an editorial in the Milaca Times of laws to account for his activities? last week, and while it is characteristic According to the senate journal, p. of that paper, a little analysis will re- 1967, Hamer introduced twenty-four -veal some iriherent defects. The pur- bills. Three of these were referred pose of this communication is to make to the committe on finance and further such analysis, and consider these de-j action was embodied in the committee ifects. Let us, therefore, look at some bill chapter 463 laws, 1919. In some instances several bills .relate to the of the terms used. First''Organized farmers.* same subject, and were incorporated large proportion of the farmers in this into the final bill. This is true of vicinity are wcganized into assoeia-(bill, chapter 463 laws, 1919. In some department of agriculture, created at the last regular session, and the gaso line and oil bills. Two bills failed in the senate, and two that passed in the senate failed in the house. There were six house bills substituted for Hamer Trills, most of them having been en gineered through the house by our representative, Serline. Out of these twenty-four bills and one which Mr. Serline requested the writer to look after In the senate, we have the following chapters in the 1919 laws, viz: Nos. 91, 194, 316, 412, 417, 421, 435, 497, 503, 520, 521, and resolu tion It) on pages 764-5. Besides this, at Mr. Johnson's request, Hamer se cured tfae final vote on H. P. 623, which is now chapter 478 in the session laws. On the other hand the record gives Senator Johnson credit for only two. Can you beat it Can "the champions of the organized farmers" disprove the record by debate Fourth"The one big fly Well, that looks like another case of the man who could see the mote in his neigh bor's eye, but there was a beam in his own eye which caused defective vision. Yours very truly, Richard Hamer. Third"Champions of the organ ized farmers." Who these champions are is not stated, but any way itr ap pears that if a debate be staged the "champions" are to be there, and the organized applause would determine the decision that, if not satisfactory, would nevertheless have to be used, as being the best available. From previous statements of the Times we feel sure that Senator Mag nus Johnson would be one of the "champions," so for the information of your readers and of the Times, we submit what may be called some meas urements of this "champion," accord ing to the journal of the senate, which Is the' official record of that body. There were sixteen bills introduced in the senate at the last regular ses sion with which Senator Johnson was connected, either as author, joint au thor or sponsor. One of these had no less than eight names, including that of Johnson. Three of these bills pro posed amendments to the constitution, and proposed such changes as would provide for experimentation in this state like that of North Dakota. What became of the bills? Four were returned to the author. Of these four/ two were returned on Mr. Johnson's own motion, one on mo tion of Senator Lee, a league senator, and one on report of the committee so recommending. Five were indefinitely postponed on report of committees. In two instances Johnson was a mem ber of the committee so reporting. Four were never heard from after their introduction. One was to secure ap propriation for premiums for poultry associations, and was referred -to the committee on finance. The writer does not know/ how1 necessary that bill was. He got what he asked for in this respect difcect from the com mittee, and had ourNffwn county asso ciation named in theVommittec bill. (See laws 1919, p. 570.)Vrw,p received the third reading and filial passage, id 505 in and are now chapters\ 283 laws, 1919. Such in brief is the\ecord\f the '\f4 '&'- The Teacher Shortage. The fac^ that so many teachers have been transient workers has tend ed to depress wages in teaching. For many young women teaching has been a stop-gap occupation between school and marriage. The consequent de pression of wages from this use of teaching has- in turn Ibd thousands of young women to seek occupations in other fields. From this situation there follows an acute shortage of teachers, especially in the rural schools. The national educational association reports that a million children in the United States are out of school because teachers can not be founoV for them. And at least sixty thousand teachers are repotted unable to meet the meager standards of the lowest grade teachers certifi cate. A recent bulletin of the United" States bureau of education says that one-half of the rural senool teachers in a typical middle western state are only twenty years old or younge*. And yet to them is committed the education of nearly sixty per cent of the next gen eration of American citizens. But there is evidence that this situa^ tion has reached the climax. Teaching is no longer a field for transient workers only, but it has become a profession with professional ideals and standards. The gap between gradua tion and marriage, formerly filled by teaching, is as easily filled today by a score of other ocupations. Girls in towns and cities today find lucrative and attractive opportunities in' business and industry that once they found only in teaching. -These new fields open to women, by reducing the supply of transient teachers, will tend to professionalize education and to raise the wage of teaching to accord with its importance and dignity.Min neapolis Journal. An Appreciation. The patrons on route 1, out' of Princeton, very liberally remembered their mail carrier, John Bishop, this Christmas, and he wishea by this means to voice his heartfelt thanks and appreciation. The spirit which prompted the generousity is a token of loyalty as well as of help to their carrier, who is serving them his fif teenth year. Headed by P. M.- Abra hamson and A. J. Davis, who collected and delivered bats, those named be low each gave a sackaggregating about 90 bushels: P. M. Abrahamson, A. J. Davis, Ed. Anderson, A. Eisner, Renback Bros., Wm. Johnson, T. W. Thompson, Emil Zimple, Lee Shirkey, H. Sager, A. Nickola, R. Dagenais, A. Abraham son, J. H. Grow, S. Johnson, A. E. Grow, E. S. Johnson, K. Kenely, John E. Johnson, Albert DeJarlais, P. J. Nelson, Albert Wilhelm, Gust Falk strom, Louis Robideau, Mrs. Marie Giibertson, O. C. Erickson, H. C. Stay, Ed: Saxon, Andrew Larson, P. Podr tinga, Alfred Abrahamson, O. W. Bracken, Ed. George, H. Brinkman, (Gust Erickson,' Wm. Bowerman, Nels Robideau L. D. Larson. Sgp^^ rj* There were numerous other gifts cA money, provisions, etc., by other pa trons, making in all a magnificent Christmas present. A Staggering Bill of Costs^^ Strikes, like wars, are expensive. The country is just beginning to rea lize the cost in dollars and cents of the recent coal strike, short though it was. It is staggering. 'Exact figures are difficult if not im possible to compile, but an effort at estimating the financial loss has been made by W. D. McKinriey, secretary of tne Southern Ohio coal exchange. Mr. McXinney figures that the miners are out in wages as a result of their strike not less than $60,000,000 the, railroad loss he places at $40,000,000 while the cost to the mine operators he sets down at $26,000,000. Unquestionably the greatest loss of all was suffered by the public in the slowing up or stopping of industry all over the land because of curtailed transportation facilities and rationed fuel supply. This injury only can be guessed at, but it must have been very great. Nor has all the damage y-it been done. At the beginning of the strike, wo are told oy Mrs. McKinriey, there was a shortage of bituminous coal amounting to 40,000,000 tons and this was increased by approximately 1,000,000 tons a day while the mines were shut down. As a result many industries during the rest of the win ter willJbe unable to get all the fuel they need. There is a lesson in these figures. Some way must be found to prevent strikes in key industries, either by legislation or by arbitration in which the public, as the party whose interest is greatest, shall have the deciding voice.St. Paul Dispatch. Tried to Make America the Goat. A merry circle of disclaimers and accusations has followed the action of the United States senate in withhold ing ratification of the peace treaty. Most interesting, and least acceptable, to the average American have been certain rather*self-righteous criticisms which have come from across the water. European public men and newspapers have permitted themselves a surprising latitude in telling the American government what it should have done. The smugness and Phar isaism of some of the articles and in terviews cabled to this country would have been considered offensiver were they not so amusing. This air of superiority assumed by our European neighbors toward Amer ica with respect to our disposition of the peace treaty prompts a few perti nent words. The peace treaty was not accepted because intriguing statesmen of Europe so shaped the document to serve their own ends that it would have stultified America to write her nam3 at the bottom of it. Patriotic senators of both political parties have considered it necessary to attach to the treaty a series of reservations safe guarding America's rights and ideals. The treaty was killed in Paris and not in Washington. Europe, by the treaty, subtly tried to make America the "goat." Now, to its amazement and confusion, it finds that America is still an eaglefree, strong and far visioned.New York Herald. Our Soldiers' Graves in France. Who of us has not thought of those graves in France The graves of our dead? Who could portray the sad ness of the task of bringing back the forms they hold One can almost see the lonely ships with their pathetic freight sailing the silent seas at night. One of oUr honored vice-presidents, Miss Georgiana Kendall of New York, wrote recently to the New York Her ald a letter touching the subject which we reproduce'- here. Its appeal to^all whose blessed dead now sleep in France could not be more beautiful or tender.: "To the Editor of the Herald: "It would be a regrettable mistake to bring back our soldiers from France from the'spot whic theitheir presence sanctifiesh as bles honors and1 resting place. 'Flanders fields Where poppies blow Between the crosses, Row on row That mark bur place/ "would not mean very much if that consecrated soil were despoiled of the presence of the heroic dead who sleep there. "Requiscat in pace! Let them rest there as an emblem of victory and of .^yerlastihg peace between those distant countries and bur own. "Bird sanctuaries as' wie call them, are taking forth among us hee-in the lonely, cemetery, and elsewhere. i "The gracjbus poet, Vogelweide, who in his lifetime had found joy and inspiration from his feathered friends, Bequeathed when dying a certain sum that birds, which he had loved in life should find a safe haven. near his graye-a bird sanctuary-where their song should serve as requiemforthe dead. "When decorative trees are planted in outfields of honor oyer there, let I gateway .entrance: the solemn inscription, "Lafayette', we are here," would serve as aiSemincter that bur pledge hadbeett-nobly fulfilled! "Do not brrag back the dead! Let our silent army remain there, near where they fought and' fell, guarding the peace between our allies and our selves."Our Dumb Animals. Y. W. C. A, STUDENTS TEACHING IN CHINA Physical Training School Main tained in Shanghai. The vast majority of Chinese men remember their mothers as cripples. Many a girl wanders into a mission school who has not had her own feet bound, "but has never seen a woman of her own class who could walk, and, therefore, she walks in a most ungain ly fashionscarcely conscious of her natural feet. The Chinese Medi*al Association an Association composed only of Chi nese physicians mostly graduates from American and English institutipns have asked the entire educated commu nity of the country to co-operate in better heaith for the children of Chi na. All the Mission Boards operating In China felt that one of the greatest contributions the Young Women's Christian Association could offer to the health of China would be to es tablish a normal school for the train ing of physical directors. Accordingly, in Shanghai, which is the greatest port in China, the nation al committee established such a school In 1914. The school has won favor with all educationists, both missionary and government. There have already been nine graduates from this school. Miss Ying Mel Chun, a graduate of the Weilesley School of Physical Edu cation, has been dean .of the school. Graduates of the school are scattered from Canton to Peking, teaching with conspicuous success in twelve mission and government schools. JAPANESE DOCTOR 13 Y. W. C. A.' OFFICIAL. :/,,P Tomtf Inouye of Tokyo, Japan, treasurer of the National Committee- of the Young Women's Christian Asso ciation in Japan. Dr. Inouye has been Or. Tomb Indiiye Of Tokyo, Japan, a delegate to the -six-week International Conference of Women Physicians called by the Y. W. C. A. particularly interested in the public health and recreational plans of her city for some time and js medical inspector for girls in the public schools of Tokyo, as also. In several private schools in the city. There are ap proximately 500 women physicians in Japan now, she says, and 400 women medical students. Dr. Inouye was the only delegate from japan to the Y. W. C. A. International Conference Of Wo men Physicians, in session during Sep tember and October. FINE WORK NOT RECOGNIZED Literary World Was'Slow to Discover a Masterpiece in Translation of. Omar Khayyam. The appearance in the auction room of one of the most remarkable col lections of editions of Omar Khayyam naturally recalls the early history of the famous Rubaiyat, that might so easily have missed finding its remark able position In the .world of books. When Fitzgerald translated the Per sian poet, Bernard Quaritch probably had deep regrets that he had elected to publish it. One may believe that it was with no feeling of pride as a publisher that he marked down the first edition and left it for sbmebody to discover in his "two-penny box" where economical book'buyers hunted* for bargains. If, coining out Of the "two-penny box," it had missed attracting the notice. of such-connoisseurs of the written word as Rossetti and Swinburne, the Rubai yat would very likely have continued placidly on its way to oblivion. No other book ever,started from a J'two^penny box" on a.journey in the worid of letters that eventually ind cluded so many of such varied edi^n tions yet it marye lileyquestioned wheth er it was hot the phraseology :of the translatotr rather than the thought of r-i/r 4 v Mmmfa il tha Pe th us, select those which .virill invite' the kept it going. sweet songsters -to gather thereabout at nesting timetrees which will pro vide their wonted food in winter and in summer. '.,-.?(fe^-"$& a al sterte Biddy's Reasoning., \\-J"'''- MistressI'm afraid my poor, dar ling, little Tbpsy yritt never recover. Do you' know/ Bridget, I think the kindest thing would- be to haje her chloroformed and put out of her mis ery. Jx BridgetI wouldn't (jo that,, mum. Sure, she might gefbte* *$* *tf. an* then ye'd be sorry ye had her WW d.Boston Evening Transcript v. Our Policy has always been to keep the assets of our institution thoroughly liquid. Our mem bership in the Federal Reserve System accomplishes this aim to a degree previously impossible. In the Federal Reserve Bank we have an unfailing reservoir of cash obtainable in exchange for commercial paper which we hold. First National Bank Princeton, Mian. Is Confidence WE PAY 5 PEft .K When you purchase an article in a store or create a debt of any kind, it is assumed on the part of the creditor that the bill will be paid when presented. This is the confidence that the creditor has in the party assuming the debt. It is both bad for business and bad for the debtor to betray that confidence. Prompt payment of bills helps business, and incidentally establishes a credit standing in the community for the man or woman who appreciates the privilege and convenience.of a charge account. And, if you pay your bills with a check drawn on this bank you'll have an indisputable receipt that the account is paid. Farm Loans Insurance Princeton State Bank Princeton, Minnesota toiwi'rifliiMr^M the Bank makes Now that it is Kew Year's, why not stop for a moment and "take stock" of your self? Did you get ahead last year How much mon- ey did you put in the bank? How much did you waste on extrava- gances? Then, start this new year right. Bank more money. Making reg- ular deposits soon piles up money. :f-.?-". "If jwu haven't a bank accountcame in and open one. __/ CENTgINTERES' 4 ON TIME DEPOSITS. TO.ouRTBANK: C0M, Securi IX 'IX I I Vwf BWHk ,_'*?"