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The Princeton union. (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, January 05, 1922, Image 4

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Official Paper of Mille Lacs County
Subscription Prico $2.00
G. I. STAPLES, Baaineu Manager
Office: First Street, East of Court House
Associate Editor
Twelve months have rolled by, the
day of awarding the county printing
has again come and gone. The Union
this year drew the prize, plum or
lemon, whichever one may choose to
consider it. There is no question but
what the Union has agreed to do all
the printing, except possibly the job
work, at less than cost of production.
However, we entered the game with
our eyes open, fully realizing what the
financial loss would be but, for certain
reasons, perfectly willing to take it if
we won. We are frank to state we
are highly pleased to have been award
ed the printing, even at our ridiculous
ly low figure. While asking no favors
from anyone, we feel we are in a good
position to comment on the present
system of letting the county printing.
In our humble judgment, the system
is dead wrong because it completely
eliminates the smaller papers. We
see no reason why any man who does
not support a reputable newspaper in
his community by subscribing to it
should be furnished the county official
publications A clean, live newspaper
is essential to the prosperity of any
community and a paper that is to con
tinue for an appreciable period of time
must have a source of income. It
would seem only fair to have at least
one reputable newspaper in each com
munity publish the official county
printing and receive fair remuneration
for its services.
The one bright spot in the whole af
fair is the firm stand the county com
missioners took in their resolve to
accept only separate bids after they
had agreed to do so The commis
sioners evidently wished to play a
square game and stood by their agree
ment. We wish to offer our respects
to the man, he he friend or foe, who
has the moral courage to stand by the
spirit and letter of his agreement, re
gardless of how difficult the situation
may be, even though it is only a gen
tlemen's agreement end not legally
The statement of Lmficld, who con
fessed to participation in the con
spiracy which culminated in the Wall
street explosion, which he declared
that the villianous crime was enhanced
by money from Moscow will, of course,
be carefully investigated. American
people will not accept, without such
investigation, narratives of this nature.
But it is not open to doubt that large
sums of soviet money reached this
country and that it was used for crim
inal purposes. Martens, the so-called
soviet "ambassador," was well
equipped with funds impecunious
communist publications suddenly
showed suspicious prosperity radical
propagandists traveled about the coun
try Lenine, at Moscow, made no se
cret of his hope that the work in
progress would "convert" America.
There was ample money to hire as
sassins and a will, it may be assumed,
to so do. The Wall street mpss mur
der was no common one and must
have been carefully planned. Yet a
member of congress named Meyer
London openly defended the soviet
regime the other day in the house of
representatives and bis icmarks were
applaudednot by many, but by some.
Are such individuals worthy of seats
in the halls of the nation's congress?
We contend they are not.
Earl Slater, the brutal murderer of
Frank L. Kelly of Man^i' was taken
to Stillwater penitentiary last Thurs
day to se^'p a term cf life imprison
ment imposed upon by Judge
Giddings of ALrrk coun+v. This
exactly one eck after the charred re
mains of Kelly were found in the Day
ton school house. We congratulate
Judge Giddings on the rapidity with
which he handled the case. He called
a special grand jury, Slater was in
dicted and pleaded guilty, and the
court procedtire corsumed but three
hours. In passing sentence Judge Gid
dings said: "Under the old law a man
who committed the crime that you say
you committed was executed, and I am
sorry the law has been changed." We
coincide with Judge Giddings in his
views. We contend that a person who
commits such an atrocious, cold
blooded murder as this brute, Slater,
should be hung with all possible
speed and not be permitted to encum
ber the face of the earth with his
presence. The pathetic part of this
story is that the murderer leaves a
wife and two small children destitute
at Winnebago as a result of his crime.
Mr. Wells says that, in veiw of the
fact that the American people invited
the European journalists and diplo
mats to Washington, they should be
courteous enough to wipe out the debt
due the United States by foreign gov
ernments. If Mr. Wells thinks his
presence in this country involves an
obligation of this sort, we would sug
gest that the distinguished socialist
be given a free ride to his dear old
"Lunnon" in one of our wooden ships.
An opinion is becoming general in this
country that we can get along nicely
without Mr. Wells' august presence
and, furthermore, wo would take
pleasure in hastening his departure
without even wishing him "bon voy-
It is clear that America's greatest
ideal and ambition, as expressed not
only in the arms conference but in
hundreds of other ways, is to bring
about general world peace and human
betterment. It was the guiding princi
ple in America's participation in the
European war and the guiding princi
ple in President Harding's call for the
limitation of arms conference at Wash
ington. During the progress of the
conference it has developed that the
great outstanding danger to the fu
ture peace of the world exists in the
orient and that in the relations of some
of the nations toward the republic of
China. While this matter has ap
parently been straightened out there
is a lurking suspicion that the agree
ment may not result in permanent
A Washington engineer named W.
P. Cowles, who served in France dur
ing the war, makes affidavit that one
of the alleged photographs of a gal
lows introduced by Senator Watson in
support of his charges of wholesale
hangings is the picture of a crane
which he (Cowles) erected at Gievres
to unload gasoline tanks. Upon care
ful inspection, therefore, it is not im
possible that Senator Watson's other
evidence in the shape of gallows pho
tographs may consist of pictures of
more cranes and, may be, of railroad
crossing posts, French roadside
shrines or bridge approach warnings.
Beauty contests, put on by news
papers, have been common in Rio
Janeiro for years, but now comes the
Intransigente and goes this scheme
one better. It is a contest to ascertain,
according to that paper, the "best
manual or intellectual laboress of
Brazil." The published lists show that
stenographers, actresses, seamstress
es, telephone operators, shop girls and
numerous others have entered the con
test. This sort of competition is, in
our estimation, meritorious, for it is
an incentive to greater eiTort and pro
ficiency among women who earn their
living in the various vocations of life.
From some of the pictures the
dailies one would draw the conclusion
that the divorced wife of Harold Mc
Cormick is a daguerreotype reproduc
tion of John D. Rockefeller's great
grandmother instead of a portrait of
his daughter. In other papers she is
portrayed as a vivacious young
woman. Now, the question arises,
was Harold McCormick instrumental
in getting those "grandmother" pic
tures into print or did the intellegent
makeup men take them promiscuously
from the Lydia Pinkham discard cut
box as has frequently happened?
Germany's president gets a salary
of a paltry $2,00G a year. That would
scarcely be sufficient to foot King
George's toothpick bill, and we can
hardly comprehend how the presi
dent manages to scrape along on it.
Hence we hasten to suggest to the
German reichstag that the president's
pittance be increased at least tenfold.
A Hongkong dispatch says that a
movement is on foot to overthrow the
Peking government. But we are un
able to see what difference it makes
to a country which has six or seven
other governments upon which to fall
While we are somewhat ignorant of
the principles involved in the new re
construction league referred to
some of the papers, wo are cognizant
of the fact that this old world badly
needs fixing up.
The time may cjm when subma
rines will be used exclusively in film
ing secenes for the movies, but we
doubt it.
While the treasury department
wants more revenue cutters, the tax
payers are anxious for more revenue
Of Course.
All things come to him who waits,
but he who does not advertise waits
longer.Clinton Advocate.
Probably Hasn't Much.
The Pioneer has yet to see why Sen
ator Kellogg should have opposition
his own party.Mahnomen Pioneer.
Cheer Up.
Cheer up, old grouch! There are
millions of people in this sad old world
whose lot is a million times worse than
yours. Be a sport!Frank Day.
A Step in the Right Direction.
Give Germany credit for doing a
mighty good turn to its present gen
eration of young people. In Berlin
alone forty thousand copies of "Wild
West" and Indian scones were piled
up and buriied in one of its streets in
one day.Blue Earth Post.
Help Your Town.
Buying everything possible in your
home community is a policy that will
build up the community. Those who
profit most directly by the advocacy
and practice of this Rolicy should do
everything to encourage it, by seeking
to make home-trade attractive.Jor
dan Independent.
A Problem in Finance.
Aren't the people in this country
really more interested in the problem
of "unemployment," rather than the
purchasing power of the dollar? The
man who has no ten-dollar bills is
more interested in the matter of how
he is going to get one than in the
purchasing power of the bill. "To
make a rabbit stew, fus' cotch de rab
bit."Carlton Vidette."
That Farmers' Bloc.
We hear a lot of yelling these days
on the part of patronage politicians
against blocs in congress. There have
always been blocs in congress, only
just at present there is a mighty ef
fective farmers' bloc there. The men
in the senatorial farmers' bloc stand
for something other than the seeking
of money or the handing out of jobs
to the pie hogs. Let's have more of
them.Brainerd Tribune.
A Tip to Railroads.
Just a tip to the railroads: Cut
down the passenger and freight rates
to where it will be both a pleasure and
a duty to "ship by freight" and not by
truck and to ride in vestibuled steel
upholstered cars instead of flivvers,
and less roads will be abandoned. Ov
er 702 miles were abandoned last year
and an exchange aptly remarks, ''AH
will be abandoned before long if pas
senger and freight rates don't come
down.Ely Miner.
Stand By Your Guns, Farmers!
If any of our farmer friends find
their faith wavering in the farm bu
reau, we want to say to them to ban
ish their fears. Great reforms are
not brought about in a single day. It
takes time, and then more time. We
have great faith in the farm bureau,
and we believe that it will ultimately
correct many glaring existing evils.
Have patience! The bureau is making
progress. It has gained a foothold
and national recognition has come to
it. The success of the future depends
largely upon the strength of the faith
of its members.Winnebago Enter
prise. Cities Should Adopt Business Methods.
The voters of St. Paul do not wish
to return to the mayor-council form
of government, which shaws their
good sense. St. Paul has a commis
sion, which is one step towrrds the
best form cf allthe city manager
plan. When cities got enough busi
ness sense to select a few real busi
nessmen, at so modest a salary that it
will not attract politicians, and let
these men select a competent manager
to administer affairs, tlci will be
much more value received for the
taxes. This is the way big business is
managed successfully, and a munici
pality is but a corporation in which
every voter is a stockholder.St.
Cloud Journal-Press.
5l\ JK 5R
Watch These Kids.
Observers of country life look for
a wonderful development of agricul
ture in the next 10 years, due to the
enterprise and scientific knowledge of
boys and girls just growing up. There
are today hundreds of thousands of
boys and girls who really know more
about the leading* scientific principles
of farming than their fathers do, as
the result of what they learned in
schools and in their competitive clubs.
They have not had wide experience
and will make many mistakes. But
when they become of age they will
farm on a more progressive basis than
their fathers did and will get corres
pondingly better results. Just watch
these kids!Osseo Review.
Tax Repeal.
The following statement is issued
by the collector of internal revenue,
L. M. Willcuts, district of Minnesota:
In response to numerous inquiries
taxpayers are advised that certain
taxes, among them the so-called "nuis
ance" and "luxury" taxes, are re
psaled, effective January 1, 1922, by
the revenue act of 1921.
Patrons of soda-water fountains, ice
cream parlors and "similar places of
business" no longer are required to
pay the tax of 1 cent for caeh 10 cents
or fraction thereof on the amount ex
pended for sodas, sundaes, or similar
aitides of food or drink. The small
boy may rejoice in the fact that an
ice cream cone doesn't cost an extra
penny. The tax imposed by the reve
nue act of 1921 is on "beverages and
the constituent parts thereof" and is
paid by the manufacturer.
The tax on the transportation of
freight and passengers is repealed, ef
fective January 1, 1922, also the tax
paid by the purchaser on amounts
paid for men's and women's wearing
apparel (shoes, hats, caps, neckwear,
shirts, hose, etc.) in excess of a speci
fied price.
Taxes imposed tinder section 904,
which under the revenue act of 1918
included th taxes on wearing apparel,
are now confined to a 5 per cent tax
on the following articles: Carpets, on
the amount in excess of $4.50 a square
yard rugs, on the amount in excess of
$6 per square yard trunks, on the
amount in execess of $35 each valises,
traveling bags, suit cases, hat boxes
used by travelers and fitted toilet
cases, on the amount in dxcess of $25
each purses, pocketbooks, shopping
and hand bags, on the amount in ex
cess of $5 each portable lighting fix
tures, including lamps of all kinds, on
the amount in excess of $10 each fans,
on the amount in excess of $1 each.
These taxes are included in the manu
facturers' excise taxes and are paya
ble by the manufacturer, producer or
importer, and not by the purchaser,
as required by the revenue act of 1918.
The taxes on sporting goods (tennis
rackets, fishing rods, baseball and
football uniforms, fiishing rods, etc.)
are repealed, also the taxes on chew
ing gum, portable electric fans, ther
mostatic containers, articles made of
fur, toilet articles and musical instru
ments. The tax on sales of jewelry,
real or imitation, is 5 per cent, and is
payable by the vendor.
When payable by the manufacturer
or vendor, taxes must be in the hands
of the collector of internal revenue on
or before the last day of the month
following the month in which the sale
was made.
Our First Horses.
The first horses imported into the
United States were brought to New
England in 1629. One horse and
seven mares survived the voyage.
Horses were not highly esteemed or
much needed in America at that time,
nor for a hundred years afterward.
There were no race courses or trotting
parks and the roads generally were so
poor that speed was not desirable had
it been possible with safety. Oxen
were found to be much better for all
farm work.
Most of the land was rough, rocky
and full of stumps, so that oxen, be
ing strong, patient and slow, made the
better team for agricultural purposes
and lumbering than did horses, and
they were cheaper kept, needed but
little grain even when at hard work
and none at all when in pasture. They
required no expensive harness, like
horses, only a cheap yoke and chain,
and were quickly yoked.
In such circumstances it is not sur
prising that horses in New England
were not greatly admired or much
petted. A farmer was prouder of a
yoke of large, finked oxen, four years
old, well matched and well broken,
than a span of degenerate horses, such
as were common at that time in the
country. They were seldom stabled or
groomed except-swhen at work every
day. Thej colts until three years old
were wintered in the yard, in order, it
was suppbsed, to make them tough
and hardy.National Republican.
Morton's Bakery
VaMey Lilies in Winter.
It Is no trick at all to have the
fragrant dainty white bell of the lily
of the valley in bloom in the window
of the living rodm for the greater
part of the winter, according to the
national garden bureau service. If
you have a patch of lilies of the val
ley growing in your yard, dig up a
few pips this fall, selecting only the
plump ones which contain flower
buds, pot them urv
Throw away your Pills
Wheat-A=Laxa Bread
Beginning January 7.
Open for Business
With a full line of
Fresh Chocolates and Home-made Candies
Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes
We handle Van Der Bie's Ice Cream
Fruits and Nuts Give us a trial.
Happy New Year.
Princeton, Minnesota
say eight or ten
pips to an eight-inch pot. Let them
remain outdoors until thoroughly
frozen and then bring them in as they
are wanted. As oon as they thaw
out the lilies will send up their bloom
with surprising speed. A number of
pots may be planted and left outdoors
to be brought in from time to time.
"We have several famous movie
stars dining with us this evening,"
whispered the waiter. "Would you
like to have a seat near their table?"
"No," replied the sour-faced patron.
*I came in here to eat, not to star
gaze, and besides if I were to over
hear them talking about the salaries
they got, I'd be so dissatisfied with
my prospects in life I wouldn't feel
that I could afford to tip you."
Birmingham Age-Herald.
(Continued from page 1)
millers and labor. It would further
directly discount the beneficial effect*,
to the producer which is aimed at the
wheat tariff. It is true that it takes
4% bushels of wheat to make a certain
kind of flour, but it akes 5, 6, and even
7 bushels to make the grade of flour
in greatest demand.
Approval of 117 advances for agri
cultural and livestock purposes, ag
gregating $699,000, has been an
nounced by the war finance corpora
tion. There loans have been distrib
uted to include Minnesota, Montana,
North and South Dakota, Wisconsin
and Wyoming.
Deaths from tuberculosis in the
"registration area" of the United
States during 1920 totaled nearly 100,-
000, the census bureau announces, esti
mating the mortality from this one
cause in the entire country at 122,000.
This would indicate a reduction of
10,000 from the total of the previous
year, it was said. "The trend of the
tuberculosis death rate is downward,"
it was added. "Of the 33 states in the
registration area whose rate for more
than one year has been recorded, 29
show their lowest rates for the year
1920. The death rate per 100,000 was
114.2 as compared with 125.6 in 1919."
Purchase at an estimated cost of
$111,000 of seven tracts of land in
Europe for permanent American cem
eteries has been recommended by Sec
retary of War J. W. Weeks who, in a
letter to Speaker Frederick K. Gillett,
asked also that congress make an ad
ditional $745,000 available for im
provement of the cemeteries so that
they will compare favorably with
those established by th-e allies for their
war dead. Secretary Weeks estimated
that the bodies of 32,000 Americans
who died overseas would not be re
turned to the United States. He said
arrangements were being made to
concentrate the bodies in six ceme
teries in France, one in Belgium and
one in England.
The buttermakers of the country,
through various representatives, have
asked the senate finance committee to
place a duty of 10 cents per pound on
butter coming into the United States.
pH S^
The duty in the emergency law now in
effect is 6 cents a pound. At the first
hearing before the senate committee
the buttermen asked for an 8 cent
duty. Conditions in the butter market
in the last two months induced them
to ask for the 10 cent rate. Dairy as
sociations in Minnesota and Wisconsin
have asked for this rate upon the
grounds that the 6 cent duty imposed
in the emergency actjs inadequate.
Estimates the bureau of rail
way economics, based on reports to the
interstate commerce commission from
127 railroads out of a total of 200, in
dicate the net operating income of the
railroads "for November will be ap
proximately $80,000,000, representing
a return of 4.6 per cent.
Retention of newsprint paper and
wood pulp on the free list in the new
tariff law was urged before the senate
finance committee by S. E. Thomason
and William J. Pape, representing re
spectively the American Newspaper
Publishers' association and the Pub
lishers' Buying corporation.
Making It Unanimous.
A general committee of anthracite
operators has issued an official state
ment to the effect that "the price of
anthracite must be reduced in line
with the downward movement in all
other basic commodities."
Surely that makes it unanimous, for
everybody else in all the country had
been saying that same thing for many
months, and many had been saying it
much more vigorously than the an
thracite operators are at all likely to
say it.
What interested the hard coal pro
ducers in this subject is that sales had
been lagging very disturbingly. The
egregiously high cost of anthracite
has forced many economies which the
mildness of the early winter made pos
sible. With hard coal priced as it was,
those who could use soft coal or wood
did so and unquestionably the short
sighted policy of the anthracite pro
ducers in holding their prices at such
lofty levels forced the saving of many
thousands of tons. Very likely some
of it will be permanent, too, for prac
tical ways of saving coal without suf
fering will not be abandoned even if
the price does come a little way down
toward what it ought to be.
And, of course, when the hard eoal
Copyright 1921 Hart Schaffaer & Marx
Satisfaction or money back.
We're not selling "prices"
We're selling the best clothes
that are made.
YOU appreciate fine quality,
fine style and expert needlework
in clothes if you understand the
economy in good quality, you'll
come to this store for Hart Schaff-
ner & Marx clotheswe don't want
you to come on any other basis.
Alfre Meli Co. clothiers
The home of Hart Schaffner & Marx clothes
Princeton, Minnesota
producers made that interesting state
ment they were talking to coal miners,
and the meaning of it was that wages
ought to come down. Perhaps *hey
had it is claimed that the labor cost
of producing a ton of coal increased
from $1.59 a ton in 1913 to $3.85 a ton
in 1920. But the disparity between
even this higher figure and the cost of
hard coal to the consumer will invaria
bly give rise to the reflection that if.
wages can come down, there must be
other items, including profits direct
and indirect through coal freights that
can come down also.
Not all the burden should be put on
labor. If the hard eoal producers ask
their workers to sacrifice, they also
should consent to sacrifice some of
their profits.
Anyway, the anthracite producers
are unquestionably right when they
say that hard coal prices should come
down. Nobody will rise to argue with
them about that.Duluth Herald.
The Burning of Corn.
Farm Life has this to say of the
utilization of corn for fuel:
Secretary of Agriculture Wallace
has courage, if not discretion* He
sends out a public statement in which
he advises the burning of corn for fuel
in sections where "corn is very cheap
and a rather poor grade of coal is
selling at high prices." He declares
that "under such conditions it will pay
both farmers and people in country
towns to use corn instead of coal." In
the table of fuel values which he
sends cut corn at 10 cents a bushel is
equal to coal at $5 a ton, corn at 30
cents equals coal at $15. It is some
thing of a mental shock to consider
burning corn. Secretary Mohler of
the Kansas state board of agriculture
considers Mr. Wallace's statement
"unfortunate," and doubts if corn will
be burned to any extent Kansas.
We recall that corn burning stories
were told rather frequently last year,
but an investigation by Farm Life
showed that in practically all instances
the burning was done "across the
state line," or else "over in another
county." Our notion is that not
much corn of marketable grade will be
burned. Our advice, if it should be
asked, would be that all farmers who
have no woodlots should get busy and
plant an acre or so of trees.

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