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PAGE TWO r" A VALUATION TOO HIGH, SAYSBUREAU Farm Federation Winds Up Powerful Argument for Reduced Rates in Government Inquiry. RATES CUT 10 PER CEtfT Agriculture is Only Industry in United States to Obtain Substantial Cut in Freight Rates. St. Paul, March 2.The valuation of the railroads of the United States, as fixed by the interstate commerce commission for rate-making purposes, is at least $3,000,000,000 too high, at torneys for the American Farm Bu reau federation declared in winding up a powerful appeal for immediate freight rate reduction, in government rate hearings at Washington, D. C. The arguments and evidence submit ted by the farm bureau in its fight for further rate cuts have Just been re ceived by the Minnesota federation headquarters in St. Paul. In rate "hearings covering the entire month the American Farm Bureau federation was the only shippers' organization in the county to introduce as evidence a general financial analysis of railroad earnings and expenses as a basis for a demand that freight charges be re duced still further. So far, agriculture has been the only industry in the United States to ob tain a substantial rate reduction. The farm bureau is recorded as the only farmers' organization in the country that appeared to fight for reduced rates last fall. Rate cuts averaging 18 per cent resulted from the farmers' fight in this case and immediately after the hearings ended, the farm bureau be gan legal action to force further cuts in rates on all farm products. Con ferences between railroad officials and farm bureau leaders followed, and the net result was a so-called "voluntary" cut of 10 per cent in freight charges on practically every product of the American farm. Hearings just con cluded in Washington covered rates on hundreds of commodities, and open up the way for still further reductions Farm bureau attorneys pointed out that the testimony of the eastern rail roads' chief witness showed that in spite of a small volume of traffic, the roads are earning 5.21 per cent on their property investment. The prop erty investment figure, they asserted, is $4,000,000,000 higher than the par value of all the railway bonds and stocks outstanding in the hands of the public, and from five to six billion dol lars higher than the market value of these securities. "The par value of all stocks and bonds outstanding in the hands of the public (water and all) is approximate ly $3,000,000,000 less than the tenta tive valuation made by the interstate commerce commission," the federa tion declared. Its attorneys argued that with the railroads earning 5.21 per cent income on their property in vestment, their earnings on a fair val uation would amount to more than seven per cent during the coming year. The latest available government sta tistics, they pointed out, showed that in October, 1921, the value of farm products was only 29 per cent higher tl an in prewar times, with many pro ducts actually below the prewar level, while the railroads' income per ton of freight hauled one mile was 71 per cen higher than in 1914 and 1915. KENNING DEFEATED. John Gustafson Elected President of the Minnesota Farm Grain Dealers' Association. Minneapolis, March 2.Charles Kenning of Bird Island, who while president of the Minnesota Farmers' Grain Dealers association, caused publication of material attacking the U. S. Grain Growers, Inc., failed of re election the organization's annual meeting here. John Gustafson of Windom was elected president. Mr. Kenning was defeated a second time when he was proposed as a member of the board of directors. When Mr. Kenning began his op position to the U. S. Grain Growers, the directors of the association dis avowed all responsibility for his acts, pointed out that not a penny of the association funds had been spent on published material attacking the Gram Growers, and went on record as being neutral, at least until the state meeting could be held. The annual convention of the state association unanimously adopted the following resolution: "We endorse the principles of the U. S. Grain Growers, Inc., as de veloped by the Committee of Seven teen, and recommend economy and ef ficiency in conduct of its business by delegates and officials, and that they make an early announcement of their methods of financing and handling grain to be offered members of the organization." Disease-Free Potato Seed. Because 225 boys in Butler county, Pa., showed that the use of disease free seed potatoes last year resulted in increasing the yield one-third, But ler county farmers have ordered 10 carloads of disease-free seed potatoes for planting this year. The boys were enrolled in 11 potato clubs conducted in co-operation with the United States department of agriculture and the state college of agriculture. Each boy purchased one bushel of disease-free potato seed bought from New York, which was planted beside home-grown seed for comparison and to demon Ml0d&^^% i SffiS" ^'^^^r3!VH strate the value of disease-free seed. Field meetings were conducted in Aug ust to show diseases and differences in appearance under growing conditions. In October the potatoes were dug and club demonstration meetings were held. It was found that the disease free seed was responsible for about one-third of the increase in yield over home-grown seed, the other two-thirds being due to better cultural methods. Sixty-five of the boys secured an in crease of 39 per cent with disease-free seed, as compared with their fathers' home-grown seed. Each boy was given a bushel of disease-free seed. CREAMERY CONVENTION. Every Co-operative Creamery in the State Asked to Send Delegate to Annual Session. St. Paul, March 2.Every co-opera tive creamery in Minnesota has been invited to send a delegate to the first annual meeting of the Minnesota Co operative Creameries association, Inc., in the Ryan Hotel in St. Paul, on Tues day, March 7. Half of the co-opera tive creameries in the state have joined the new service and marketing organization non-member creameries, however, also have been invited to send representatives to the convention. "The co-operative organizations of Minnesota are in the hands of the in dividual farmers," John Brandt, secre tary of the state association, says. "At least every member creamery should send its delegate to the annual meeting to help elect the iull board of 15 directors and make any changes it wai.ts made in the policies of the as sociation. It's up to the dairy farm ers the association is their associa tion their job is to run it to suit them selves." Winter Egg Record. John Smith, living near Avon, has sent in to the farm bureau office at St. Cloud a report on the production of 225 White Leghorn hens covering a period from January 1 to February 12. In that time the 225 laying hens pro duced eggs which sold for $65.27, and the cost of feed was $21.50. Mr. Smith's record shows that 1,989 eggs were produced during the month of January which sold for $49.08 and from February 1 to 13, 697 eggs, which sold at $16.24, making a total egg sale for the forty-three days of $65.27. The highest price received for eggs was on January 3, when 121 eggs were sold at the rate of 45 cents a dozen. The lowest price was paid on January 14, on which date 144 eggs were sold at the rate of 20 cents per dozen. Slacker Citizens. Figures issued by the census bureau make a startling arraignment of American citizenship. They show that not quite half the qualified voters of this country took part in the presiden tial election of 1920. According to the census bureau, in 1920 there were in the United States 54,421,832 American-born and natur alized citizens who were twenty-one years of age or over: 27,661,880 men and 26,759,952 women. The total vote cast in the presidential election of that year was 26,657,866, leaving the ap palling total of 27,763,966 men and women that did not vote. In a hotly contested election, involv ing the most momentious issues, more than half the people of the United States failed to take the trouble to cast a ballot! It is true that in many cases the failure was not the fault of the citizen. The negroes of some of the southern states are not encouraged to vote, but the total of negro men and women in the ten southern states where there are voting restrictions is only a little over 4,000,000, leaving nearly twenty four million voters not accounted for. Many women did not vote because this was their first chance and it was a new thing. No figures were kept to show how many of the voters were men and how many women, but Mrs. Catt has figured that the women voters the country over were in the ratio of three to five men. That accounts for some more of the missing. But after eliminating in every possi ble way, there is bound to remain a staggering residue of people who should have cared enough for their country to cast a ballot, but did not do it, a not encouraging sign when it is so clear that the success of free government must always depend upon the interest, enlightenment and vigi lance of its voters.Duluth Herald. Men Waited to learn to become Radio Operators Salaries $125 to $250 pea- Month and Up In cluding Expenses. Positions are now open on land and at sea for Radio Operators. We can prepare you for a position of this kind in your own home in a short time. The instruments used by us in teaching Wireless Telegraphy are officially endorsed by U. S. gov ernment. Our Employment Department Helps AH Graduates to Good Positions. Send for Free Booklet Today. Address INTERNATIONAL WIRELESS INSTITUTE Department 3WP Minneapolis, Minnesota. PEASE Miss Mabel Audringa returned to her home here Monday morning after being employed in Ogilvie' for several months. J. A. Jetsinga transacted business in Princeton,. Saturday. Dr., L. E. Odell of Milaca made a professional call at the W. Wilkins home Friday to attend Mrs. Wilkins, who has been ill. The doctor made the return trip to Milaca on foot as the roads were still so drifted that it was impossible for a team to make the trip. Miss Alma Orr, who has been em ployed in Princeton for several weeks, returned to her home Saturday even ing. S. Hoitenga of Ogilvie was in town Saturday to cry the auction sale of Mr. Carlson. Mr. and Mrs. D. Meidema and chil dren departed Monday evening for their home at Hawarden, Iowa. Our best wishes go with Mr. and Mrs. Meidema and family. Dr. Noorgard of Milaca was called Saturday to attend Mrs. Van De Lunne, who had been suffering for sev eral days with tonsilitis. Mr. and Mrs. John Hannenberg, who have been visiting Ogilvie rela tives, returned to their home Friday, after being delayed in Milaca for two days as no trains were running on account of the drifted tracks. Mr. and Mrs. Rema were Princeton visitors between trains Saturday. Wm. Nagel of Ogilvie spent Satur day in town with relatives and friends. On Monday morning Mr. and Mrs. T. Orr were passengers to Princeton, where Mrs. Orr underwent an opera tion for gallstones at the Northwest ern hospital. We hope for her speedy recovery. Mr. and Mrs. N. Decker are the proud parents of a little daughter that arrived at their home Wednesday night. Dr. Stocking of Milaca made a trip to the home on the following day via skiis, as all other modes of traveling but by foot last week for a few days were practically impossible. Miss Agnes Roelefs, who has been ill for several days with tonsilitis, is much improved. Mrs. John Baas was a southgoing passenger Tuesday morning to Minne apolis for a few days' visit with rela tives and friends. Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds and family of South Dakota, arrived Tuesday evening and will reside on the John Talberg farm. We extend a hearty welcome to the family. S. Ropyn, sr., of Ogilvie, transacted business in town Tuesday. (Too late for last week.) Mr. and Mrs. H. Weyschede and son, Herman, and daughter, Hilma, who have resided in Pease for some time, departed Tuesday morning for their future home in Holland, Mich. H. Hubers, sr., departed last week for several weeks' visit at the homes of his sons, Albert Hubers of Orange City, J. H. Hubers of Hull and John Hubers of Perkins, Iowa. Miss Jeanette Huides of Foreston is visiting at the J. Jongejeud home. Mrs. T. Orr was confined to her home last week with a severe attack of gallstones, but at the time of this writing she is improving. Wm. Nagel of Ogilvie and lady friend were visitors at the home. of William's parents, Mr. and Mrs. H. Nagel, last week. Mr. Byker of Hancock arrived Mon day on a business trip. H. A. Hubers returned home Wed nesday evening from a business trip to the cities. T. Orr went to Princeton Saturday morning to consult a physician about Mrs. Orr, who is quite ill. Dr. Odell of Milaca made a profes sional call at the home of S. Adema Friday. Mrs. L. Roulet returned home on Thursday evening from Minneapolis, where she had been purchasing her spring stock of millinery. Mr. and Mrs. Stallinga and children of Doone, Iowa, arrived Saturday evening for a few days visit at the home of their daughter, Mrs. J. Yke ma, before going to Ogilvie, where they will make their future home, hav ing purchased the farm formerly This is a "Hupmobile town," and it needs, and will soon have, a Hup mobile dealer. It is the kind of community that most appreciates this fine car. The Hupmobile, while ranking with cars that cost much more, sells at the remarkably low price of $1,250 f. o. b. factory. This brings it within the reach of per sons of ordinary means, and makes it a wonderful proposition for the dealer. The man we are looking for to repre sent the Hupmobile here, is a hustler and a good business man. To such a man, we can practically assure many prospects, sales and exceptional profits. P*^" .JiteAw^*^*^ THE PRINCETON UNION: THURSDAY,'MARCH 2, 1922 owned by P. De Vries, an old resident of the county. Mr. and Mrs. De Vries and son have decided to move away from Ogilvie. Rev. and Mrs. De Bruin and chil dren of Ogilvie were Wednesday morning passenger* arrivals. They were entertained during the day at the home of Rev. and Mrs. Van De Lunne. An 11% lb. boy arrived at the home of Mr. and Mrs. S. Adema Friday and, needless to say, Sam feels rather big over the happy event. Congratu lations. Mrs. Geo. A. Nichols of Selah, Wash., who has been visiting Chicago relatives since the Christmas holidays, arrived Thursday evening and visited until Friday at the home of her daugh ter, Mrs.- J. Toussaint, when she went on to Ogilvie for several weeks' visit with her daughter, Mrs. J. W. Guiver, and old time friends. John Nagel of Springfield is visiting at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. H. Nagel. J. Baas, our local auctioneer, cried the D. Meidema sale Tuesday. Mr. Meidema and family expent to move soon to Hawarden, Iowa, to make their future home. Geo. Alderink and H. Toussaint were business callers at the county seat Saturday. LOWER INTEREST RATES ON Farm Loans We can loan you money in order to make settle ment of your obligations which may come due or which may have been due, or for the re newal of your farm mortgage which may come due during the next few months We Make Three Classesof Farm Mortgages The Five-Year Mortgage The Ten-Year Mortgage And the Rural Credit Mortgage, which is pay able in TWENTY (20) annual installments. Write or phone us for more information. REMEMBER, WE ARE AT YOUR SERVICE STATE BANK OF DALBO Telephone 33F30, DALBO, MINN. OOO0O0OO0X)OOOO0OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO0OO0OOO0OO00OOO0O A large sTiare of the expense in any roof Is the labor of laying it. If you put on the right kind of roof, that settles the matter for good and all. You are never going to have to fuss with it and your first cost is going to be your last cost. That is the result when you insist on having "HALF CENTURY*' BRAND WHITE CEDAR SHINGLES. This Town Needs a Hupmobile Dealer HARRINGTO N MOTOR COMPANY, Inc. Hupmobile Distributors 1635 Hennepin Avenue Minneapolis, Minnesota Ltd With QmirmruMod or Copper Nmil* There is no wood that can excel White Cedar in weather-resisting quality. That's why it is such a wonderful shingle wood. And "Half Century" Shingles are the best White Cedar Shingles because they are made the right thickness and are air cured. Shingles that are cut too thin or are too hastily seasoned, as is apt to be the case when they are cured under the dry kiln process, are liable to split in nailing and they have a tendency to crack, curl and warp. "Half Century" Shingles are cur right, cured right and they last as long as their name indicates. And they stain beautifully in any shade. All lumber dealers can supply you. (Look for the trade-mark on every bundle. It's your guarantee of quality.) Mk us/bracopyofourvaluablebooklet,"How to Lay a Shingle Roof." If a free. WHITE CEDAR SHINGLE MANUFACTURERS F. R. A. Building OtMcosh, Wisconsin EAST GLBNDORADO I (Too late for last week.) Mrs. Harriet Costello and son, Lloyd, and Mrs. E. B. Bachelor visit ed Mrs. Arthur Crook on Wednesday afternoon. Miss Florence Magnus spent a cou ple of days last week with her sister, Mrs. Millet Simonson. Ethel Bergman returned to her home on Monday to spend a couple of weeks with her parents. Edwin Anderson left for his home in Watkins after spending a couple of days with his brothers, Levin and Al got Anderson. Victor Sandquist called at the O. J. Almlie home on Monday. Florence Magnus spent Friday af ternoon with Clara Denison. Mrs. Harriet Costello and Mrs. Den ison spent Friday afternoon with Mrs. E. B. Bachelor. On Saturday evening, February 18, several_of the young folks gathered at the Fard home to remind Jim of his birthday. The evening was spent in several ways of amusement and all enjoyed themselves very much. Jim was presented with a large sum of money as a token of esteem. A most delicious luncheon was served to about 35 guests. The guests departed at a late hour wishing Jim many more happy birthdays. Clara Indrehus spent Sunday with her parents. This is the first year we have been able to supply the great potential demand for Hupmobiles outside of the metro politan centers. Now the Hupmobile factory has greatly increased its production to supply this demand. This creates a money-making op portunity. You may be the man we want. Remember that we have no back breaking requirementsnothing but what will enhance your bank standing. And our discount rate is much more liberal than is ordinarily offered. It is unmistakably to your advantage to talk this over, absolutely without obligation. Let us hear from you. Write at once to HALF OUR $0$ CKO*~ ffla^i5Mwaiiiiro^^ WgMteM 'K The Merits of a Bank When you choose your bank you expect: Safety for your deposits. Certainty of accommodation. Courteous and efficient handling of your banking transactions. membership in the Federal Reserve System, with the privilege it gives of converting our commercial paper into cash, insures safety for your deposits, and certainty of all merited accommodation. The personnel of our directors, officers and staff is your guaranty of courteous and efficient attention to your needs. First National Bank, Our Idea Is- 5% Interest Paid on Certificates of Deposit FARM LOANS INSURANCE oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooof GIVE WIFE, BANK BOO Princeton," Minnesota & Not "how big is your account" but"what is the best way in which we can serve you." Every account on our ledgers comes in for a full share of per sonal attention. It is the contin ual idea, before the staff of this Bankto find the little ways, in which our service can be made more pleasing and helpful to you. It is significantthat a large share of our new business comes from customers who KNOW that we can serve them best. THE PRINCETON STATE BANK 1^ PRESENT. BEFORE A MAN MARRIES HE OUGHT TO SAVE MONEY. AFTER HE MARRIES HE MUST SAVE MONEY. THE BEST WAY TO SAVE MONEY IS TO GIVE YOUR WIFE A BANK ACCOUNT IN OUR BANK. SHE WILL HELP YOU GET AHEAD, BECAUSE WOMEN ARE BETTER MANA- GERS THAN MEN. TRY*IT. YOU WILL FIND THAT WE ARE RIGHT. YOU WILL RECEIVE25 PER CENT INTEREST. SECURITY STATE BANK PRINCETON, MINNESOTA R. D. N. SPRINGER, Oph. D. OPTOMETRIST of Dr. Kline's Sanatorium, Anoka Will be Ik Princeton, Sunday, Mar. 19 (UNTIL 6 P. M.) At MERCHANTS HOTEL Eye* Examined and Glasses Fittsi "If your credit is good at the bank, it is good with me." JWBBttBgaMlBBBBMHPl^^ f.