PAGE TWO r"
Farm Federation Winds Up Powerful
Argument for Reduced Rates
in Government Inquiry.
RATES CUT 10 PER CEtfT
Agriculture is Only Industry in United
States to Obtain Substantial
Cut in Freight Rates.
St. Paul, March 2.The valuation
of the railroads of the United States,
as fixed by the interstate commerce
commission for rate-making purposes,
is at least $3,000,000,000 too high, at
torneys for the American Farm Bu
reau federation declared in winding
up a powerful appeal for immediate
freight rate reduction, in government
rate hearings at Washington, D. C.
The arguments and evidence submit
ted by the farm bureau in its fight for
further rate cuts have Just been re
ceived by the Minnesota federation
headquarters in St. Paul. In rate
"hearings covering the entire month the
American Farm Bureau federation
was the only shippers' organization in
the county to introduce as evidence a
general financial analysis of railroad
earnings and expenses as a basis for
a demand that freight charges be re
duced still further.
So far, agriculture has been the only
industry in the United States to ob
tain a substantial rate reduction. The
farm bureau is recorded as the only
farmers' organization in the country
that appeared to fight for reduced rates
last fall. Rate cuts averaging 18 per
cent resulted from the farmers' fight
in this case and immediately after the
hearings ended, the farm bureau be
gan legal action to force further cuts
in rates on all farm products. Con
ferences between railroad officials and
farm bureau leaders followed, and the
net result was a so-called "voluntary"
cut of 10 per cent in freight charges
on practically every product of the
American farm. Hearings just con
cluded in Washington covered rates
on hundreds of commodities, and open
up the way for still further reductions
Farm bureau attorneys pointed out
that the testimony of the eastern rail
roads' chief witness showed that in
spite of a small volume of traffic, the
roads are earning 5.21 per cent on
their property investment. The prop
erty investment figure, they asserted,
is $4,000,000,000 higher than the par
value of all the railway bonds and
stocks outstanding in the hands of the
public, and from five to six billion dol
lars higher than the market value of
"The par value of all stocks and
bonds outstanding in the hands of the
public (water and all) is approximate
ly $3,000,000,000 less than the tenta
tive valuation made by the interstate
commerce commission," the federa
tion declared. Its attorneys argued
that with the railroads earning 5.21
per cent income on their property in
vestment, their earnings on a fair val
uation would amount to more than
seven per cent during the coming year.
The latest available government sta
tistics, they pointed out, showed that
in October, 1921, the value of farm
products was only 29 per cent higher
tl an in prewar times, with many pro
ducts actually below the prewar level,
while the railroads' income per ton of
freight hauled one mile was 71 per
cen higher than in 1914 and 1915.
John Gustafson Elected President of
the Minnesota Farm Grain
Minneapolis, March 2.Charles
Kenning of Bird Island, who while
president of the Minnesota Farmers'
Grain Dealers association, caused
publication of material attacking the
U. S. Grain Growers, Inc., failed of re
election the organization's annual
meeting here. John Gustafson of
Windom was elected president. Mr.
Kenning was defeated a second time
when he was proposed as a member
of the board of directors.
When Mr. Kenning began his op
position to the U. S. Grain Growers,
the directors of the association dis
avowed all responsibility for his acts,
pointed out that not a penny of the
association funds had been spent on
published material attacking the
Gram Growers, and went on record as
being neutral, at least until the state
meeting could be held. The annual
convention of the state association
unanimously adopted the following
"We endorse the principles of the
U. S. Grain Growers, Inc., as de
veloped by the Committee of Seven
teen, and recommend economy and ef
ficiency in conduct of its business by
delegates and officials, and that they
make an early announcement of their
methods of financing and handling
grain to be offered members of the
Disease-Free Potato Seed.
Because 225 boys in Butler county,
Pa., showed that the use of disease
free seed potatoes last year resulted
in increasing the yield one-third, But
ler county farmers have ordered 10
carloads of disease-free seed potatoes
for planting this year. The boys were
enrolled in 11 potato clubs conducted
in co-operation with the United States
department of agriculture and the
state college of agriculture. Each boy
purchased one bushel of disease-free
potato seed bought from New York,
which was planted beside home-grown
seed for comparison and to demon
strate the value of disease-free seed.
Field meetings were conducted in Aug
ust to show diseases and differences in
appearance under growing conditions.
In October the potatoes were dug
and club demonstration meetings were
held. It was found that the disease
free seed was responsible for about
one-third of the increase in yield over
home-grown seed, the other two-thirds
being due to better cultural methods.
Sixty-five of the boys secured an in
crease of 39 per cent with disease-free
seed, as compared with their fathers'
home-grown seed. Each boy was
given a bushel of disease-free seed.
Every Co-operative Creamery in the
State Asked to Send Delegate
to Annual Session.
St. Paul, March 2.Every co-opera
tive creamery in Minnesota has been
invited to send a delegate to the first
annual meeting of the Minnesota Co
operative Creameries association, Inc.,
in the Ryan Hotel in St. Paul, on Tues
day, March 7. Half of the co-opera
tive creameries in the state have
joined the new service and marketing
organization non-member creameries,
however, also have been invited to
send representatives to the convention.
"The co-operative organizations of
Minnesota are in the hands of the in
dividual farmers," John Brandt, secre
tary of the state association, says.
"At least every member creamery
should send its delegate to the annual
meeting to help elect the iull board of
15 directors and make any changes it
wai.ts made in the policies of the as
sociation. It's up to the dairy farm
ers the association is their associa
tion their job is to run it to suit them
Winter Egg Record.
John Smith, living near Avon, has
sent in to the farm bureau office at St.
Cloud a report on the production of
225 White Leghorn hens covering a
period from January 1 to February 12.
In that time the 225 laying hens pro
duced eggs which sold for $65.27, and
the cost of feed was $21.50.
Mr. Smith's record shows that 1,989
eggs were produced during the month
of January which sold for $49.08 and
from February 1 to 13, 697 eggs, which
sold at $16.24, making a total egg sale
for the forty-three days of $65.27.
The highest price received for eggs
was on January 3, when 121 eggs were
sold at the rate of 45 cents a dozen.
The lowest price was paid on January
14, on which date 144 eggs were sold
at the rate of 20 cents per dozen.
Figures issued by the census bureau
make a startling arraignment of
American citizenship. They show that
not quite half the qualified voters of
this country took part in the presiden
tial election of 1920.
According to the census bureau, in
1920 there were in the United States
54,421,832 American-born and natur
alized citizens who were twenty-one
years of age or over: 27,661,880 men
and 26,759,952 women. The total vote
cast in the presidential election of that
year was 26,657,866, leaving the ap
palling total of 27,763,966 men and
women that did not vote.
In a hotly contested election, involv
ing the most momentious issues, more
than half the people of the United
States failed to take the trouble to
cast a ballot!
It is true that in many cases the
failure was not the fault of the citizen.
The negroes of some of the southern
states are not encouraged to vote, but
the total of negro men and women in
the ten southern states where there
are voting restrictions is only a little
over 4,000,000, leaving nearly twenty
four million voters not accounted for.
Many women did not vote because
this was their first chance and it was
a new thing. No figures were kept to
show how many of the voters were
men and how many women, but Mrs.
Catt has figured that the women voters
the country over were in the ratio of
three to five men. That accounts for
some more of the missing.
But after eliminating in every possi
ble way, there is bound to remain a
staggering residue of people who
should have cared enough for their
country to cast a ballot, but did not
do it, a not encouraging sign when it
is so clear that the success of free
government must always depend upon
the interest, enlightenment and vigi
lance of its voters.Duluth Herald.
to learn to become
$125 to $250 pea- Month and Up In
Positions are now open on land and at
sea for Radio Operators.
We can prepare you for a position
of this kind in your own home in a
short time. The instruments used by
us in teaching Wireless Telegraphy
are officially endorsed by U. S. gov
Our Employment Department Helps
AH Graduates to Good Positions.
Send for Free Booklet Today.
Miss Mabel Audringa returned to
her home here Monday morning after
being employed in Ogilvie' for several
J. A. Jetsinga transacted business
in Princeton,. Saturday.
Dr., L. E. Odell of Milaca made a
professional call at the W. Wilkins
home Friday to attend Mrs. Wilkins,
who has been ill. The doctor made
the return trip to Milaca on foot as
the roads were still so drifted that
it was impossible for a team to make
Miss Alma Orr, who has been em
ployed in Princeton for several weeks,
returned to her home Saturday even
S. Hoitenga of Ogilvie was in town
Saturday to cry the auction sale of
Mr. and Mrs. D. Meidema and chil
dren departed Monday evening for
their home at Hawarden, Iowa. Our
best wishes go with Mr. and Mrs.
Meidema and family.
Dr. Noorgard of Milaca was called
Saturday to attend Mrs. Van De
Lunne, who had been suffering for sev
eral days with tonsilitis.
Mr. and Mrs. John Hannenberg,
who have been visiting Ogilvie rela
tives, returned to their home Friday,
after being delayed in Milaca for two
days as no trains were running on
account of the drifted tracks.
Mr. and Mrs. Rema were Princeton
visitors between trains Saturday.
Wm. Nagel of Ogilvie spent Satur
day in town with relatives and
On Monday morning Mr. and Mrs.
T. Orr were passengers to Princeton,
where Mrs. Orr underwent an opera
tion for gallstones at the Northwest
ern hospital. We hope for her speedy
Mr. and Mrs. N. Decker are the
proud parents of a little daughter that
arrived at their home Wednesday
night. Dr. Stocking of Milaca made
a trip to the home on the following
day via skiis, as all other modes of
traveling but by foot last week for a
few days were practically impossible.
Miss Agnes Roelefs, who has been
ill for several days with tonsilitis, is
Mrs. John Baas was a southgoing
passenger Tuesday morning to Minne
apolis for a few days' visit with rela
tives and friends.
Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds and family
of South Dakota, arrived Tuesday
evening and will reside on the John
Talberg farm. We extend a hearty
welcome to the family.
S. Ropyn, sr., of Ogilvie, transacted
business in town Tuesday.
(Too late for last week.)
Mr. and Mrs. H. Weyschede and
son, Herman, and daughter, Hilma,
who have resided in Pease for some
time, departed Tuesday morning for
their future home in Holland, Mich.
H. Hubers, sr., departed last week
for several weeks' visit at the homes
of his sons, Albert Hubers of Orange
City, J. H. Hubers of Hull and John
Hubers of Perkins, Iowa.
Miss Jeanette Huides of Foreston is
visiting at the J. Jongejeud home.
Mrs. T. Orr was confined to her
home last week with a severe attack
of gallstones, but at the time of this
writing she is improving.
Wm. Nagel of Ogilvie and lady
friend were visitors at the home. of
William's parents, Mr. and Mrs. H.
Nagel, last week.
Mr. Byker of Hancock arrived Mon
day on a business trip.
H. A. Hubers returned home Wed
nesday evening from a business trip to
T. Orr went to Princeton Saturday
morning to consult a physician about
Mrs. Orr, who is quite ill.
Dr. Odell of Milaca made a profes
sional call at the home of S. Adema
Mrs. L. Roulet returned home on
Thursday evening from Minneapolis,
where she had been purchasing her
spring stock of millinery.
Mr. and Mrs. Stallinga and children
of Doone, Iowa, arrived Saturday
evening for a few days visit at the
home of their daughter, Mrs. J. Yke
ma, before going to Ogilvie, where
they will make their future home, hav
ing purchased the farm formerly
This is a "Hupmobile town," and it
needs, and will soon have, a Hup
It is the kind of community that
most appreciates this fine car.
The Hupmobile, while ranking with
cars that cost much more, sells at the
remarkably low price of $1,250 f. o. b.
factory. This brings it within the reach of per
sons of ordinary means, and makes it
a wonderful proposition for the dealer.
The man we are looking for to repre
sent the Hupmobile here, is a hustler
and a good business man.
To such a man, we can practically
assure many prospects, sales and
THE PRINCETON UNION: THURSDAY,'MARCH 2, 1922
owned by P. De Vries, an old resident
of the county. Mr. and Mrs. De Vries
and son have decided to move away
Rev. and Mrs. De Bruin and chil
dren of Ogilvie were Wednesday
morning passenger* arrivals. They
were entertained during the day at
the home of Rev. and Mrs. Van De
An 11% lb. boy arrived at the home
of Mr. and Mrs. S. Adema Friday
and, needless to say, Sam feels rather
big over the happy event. Congratu
Mrs. Geo. A. Nichols of Selah,
Wash., who has been visiting Chicago
relatives since the Christmas holidays,
arrived Thursday evening and visited
until Friday at the home of her daugh
ter, Mrs.- J. Toussaint, when she went
on to Ogilvie for several weeks' visit
with her daughter, Mrs. J. W. Guiver,
and old time friends.
John Nagel of Springfield is visiting
at the home of his parents, Mr. and
Mrs. H. Nagel.
J. Baas, our local auctioneer, cried
the D. Meidema sale Tuesday. Mr.
Meidema and family expent to move
soon to Hawarden, Iowa, to make
their future home.
Geo. Alderink and H. Toussaint
were business callers at the county
LOWER INTEREST RATES ON
We can loan you money in order to make settle
ment of your obligations which may come due
or which may have been due, or for the re
newal of your farm mortgage which may come
due during the next few months
We Make Three Classesof
The Five-Year Mortgage
The Ten-Year Mortgage
And the Rural Credit Mortgage, which is pay
able in TWENTY (20) annual installments.
Write or phone us for more information.
REMEMBER, WE ARE AT YOUR SERVICE
STATE BANK OF DALBO
Telephone 33F30, DALBO, MINN.
A large sTiare of the expense in any roof Is the labor of laying it. If
you put on the right kind of roof, that settles the matter for good and
all. You are never going to have to fuss with it and your first cost is
going to be your last cost. That is the result when you insist on having
"HALF CENTURY*' BRAND WHITE CEDAR SHINGLES.
This Town Needs a Hupmobile Dealer
HARRINGTO N MOTOR COMPANY, Inc.
1635 Hennepin Avenue Minneapolis, Minnesota
Ltd With QmirmruMod or Copper Nmil*
There is no wood that can excel White Cedar in weather-resisting
quality. That's why it is such a wonderful shingle wood. And "Half
Century" Shingles are the best White Cedar Shingles because they are
made the right thickness and are air cured.
Shingles that are cut too thin or are too hastily seasoned, as is apt to
be the case when they are cured under the dry kiln process, are liable to
split in nailing and they have a tendency to crack, curl and warp.
"Half Century" Shingles are cur right, cured right and they last as
long as their name indicates. And they stain beautifully in any shade.
All lumber dealers can supply you. (Look for the trade-mark on
every bundle. It's your guarantee of quality.)
Mk us/bracopyofourvaluablebooklet,"How to Lay a Shingle Roof." If a free.
WHITE CEDAR SHINGLE MANUFACTURERS
F. R. A. Building OtMcosh, Wisconsin
EAST GLBNDORADO I
(Too late for last week.)
Mrs. Harriet Costello and son,
Lloyd, and Mrs. E. B. Bachelor visit
ed Mrs. Arthur Crook on Wednesday
Miss Florence Magnus spent a cou
ple of days last week with her sister,
Mrs. Millet Simonson.
Ethel Bergman returned to her
home on Monday to spend a couple of
weeks with her parents.
Edwin Anderson left for his home
in Watkins after spending a couple of
days with his brothers, Levin and Al
Victor Sandquist called at the O. J.
Almlie home on Monday.
Florence Magnus spent Friday af
ternoon with Clara Denison.
Mrs. Harriet Costello and Mrs. Den
ison spent Friday afternoon with Mrs.
E. B. Bachelor.
On Saturday evening, February 18,
several_of the young folks gathered
at the Fard home to remind Jim of his
birthday. The evening was spent in
several ways of amusement and all
enjoyed themselves very much. Jim
was presented with a large sum of
money as a token of esteem. A most
delicious luncheon was served to about
35 guests. The guests departed at a
late hour wishing Jim many more
Clara Indrehus spent Sunday with
This is the first year we have been able
to supply the great potential demand
for Hupmobiles outside of the metro
Now the Hupmobile factory has
greatly increased its production to
supply this demand.
This creates a money-making op
portunity. You may be the man we
Remember that we have no back
breaking requirementsnothing but
what will enhance your bank standing.
And our discount rate is much more
liberal than is ordinarily offered.
It is unmistakably to your advantage
to talk this over, absolutely without
obligation. Let us hear from you.
Write at once to
The Merits of a Bank
When you choose your bank you expect:
Safety for your deposits.
Certainty of accommodation.
Courteous and efficient handling of
your banking transactions.
membership in the Federal Reserve System, with the
privilege it gives of converting our commercial paper into
cash, insures safety for your deposits, and certainty of
all merited accommodation. The personnel of our directors,
officers and staff is your guaranty of courteous and efficient
attention to your needs.
First National Bank,
Our Idea Is-
5% Interest Paid on Certificates of Deposit
FARM LOANS INSURANCE
Not "how big is your account"
but"what is the best way in
which we can serve you."
Every account on our ledgers
comes in for a full share of per
sonal attention. It is the contin
ual idea, before the staff of this
Bankto find the little ways, in
which our service can be made
more pleasing and helpful to you.
It is significantthat a large
share of our new business comes
from customers who KNOW that
we can serve them best.
BEFORE A MAN MARRIES HE OUGHT TO SAVE MONEY.
AFTER HE MARRIES HE MUST SAVE MONEY.
THE BEST WAY TO SAVE MONEY IS TO GIVE YOUR
WIFE A BANK ACCOUNT IN OUR BANK. SHE WILL HELP
YOU GET AHEAD, BECAUSE WOMEN ARE BETTER MANA-
GERS THAN MEN.
TRY*IT. YOU WILL FIND THAT WE ARE RIGHT.
YOU WILL RECEIVE25 PER CENT INTEREST.
SECURITY STATE BANK
R. D. N. SPRINGER, Oph. D.
of Dr. Kline's Sanatorium, Anoka Will be Ik
Princeton, Sunday, Mar. 19
(UNTIL 6 P. M.)
At MERCHANTS HOTEL
Eye* Examined and Glasses Fittsi
"If your credit is good at the bank, it is
good with me."
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