T ir E G O l R D .
f PnfIlhed ererr 'Tednesdar. fcy
JOSSELYN & LEWIS.
At S3 per axxtm tn advance.
, ST BOBCKT JOSSELTX.
The dawning of amliition's day.
How tofilj Learnt in earliest light,
Hope, t-xer milii., points the way
Far nstatrf lo tlie towering IteiLf,
XVhefe wealth anil faroc and glory stiins'i
With radiance seeming divine.'
The yrmtlifnl votary turn hit eyci,
Kthi puci on tlie dazzling scene,
Hope whispers, lie can i the prize,
1 hotih eonntlcsa dancri interrmf-;
Tlie poise of life bents "tron? and high.
And fluulti ami fear before him fir.
Pale student cf the midnight liour.
Stern warrior of the buttle plain,
Smooth sycophant for place and power,
Ivw prOTt-ller lor golden pain,
Ynors are the cares and toilaand strife,
The Litter mockeries of life.
Tl ajdeiwlor of amhition's noon,
Th; bright nes of its raid-':iT sun,
The harrt-st, to be jjnrnered soon,
The so'il's last rinsing, shnost won.
Friend, fortune, flattery, pride and power,
The worshiped idol cf the htxir.
The darkness of ambition' wijjhi!
Xn star fleams through the tearful gloom,
A Hidden ntiivrrsal blight.
Despair, the deaih-bed and tont'i,
Ilcyond ronjcoiure dat es not tell
1 he doubtful chance for heaven or hell.
Frcm the New York Express'
Mil. SPARK'S THIRD LECTURE.
DECLARATION or I NDEPENDENCE. The" Uni
versity Chape! was filled at an early hour last
-jvenin"' with a brilliant and fashionable audi
ence, and many were obliged to leave from the
impossibility of obtaining a scat. Of the lec
ture itself, of course, it is superfluous to speak in
terms of praise.
Mr. Spares said it had Ion- been a subject of
canons inquiry at what time the idea originated
of declaring the co!on:s independent. Mr.
Chalmers "asserts - tl: the subject was had in
contemplation many years before the Revolu
tion, and even so far Lack as the first settle
ment of the colonies: but, while the lecturer
would not call in question the honesty of Mr.
Chalmers as a historian, he considered that Mr.
C.'s prejudices, and his opposition to the inter
ests of the colonies, unfitted him to be an im
partial judge. Mr Sparks' cited conversations
and letters of Pr. Franklin and James Otis,
while in England, in which ihcy stated distinct
ly that the colonies had no intention of severing
their connexion with the mother country, and
indignantly repcl'cd the accusation that such
wastheir ultimate object. It is impossible lo
show, (said Mr. S.) from any document or con
versation whatever, that the idea "of indepen
dence was ever contemplated before the pas
sage of the Stamp Act. After that period the
acts of the British Government were of such a
nature as led the colonics to think that they
miht at length be driven to take this course.
Bui down to the. la-t hour, the leaders in the
movements which were making in the colonies
did cot hold out the idea of ultimate indepen
dence to the people. Even so late as 1775, no
letter or document can be found which declar
ed independences be expedient or proper. A
redress of grievances was all that was demand
ed, and to this alone they seemed to bend their
efforts. Whatever might have been the secret
4 feeling of the leading spirits of the day on this
subject, it was obviously wie policy to abstain
from a.sy avowal of intention to dissolve the
connexion of the colonies with Great Britain;
and underhe circumstances in which they were
placed, and the many wrongs they suffered,- it
is a sinTjlar fact that if such was their inten
sion they kept it so long confined to their own
bosoms. We seek in vain, from the date of the
Stamp Act to the battle of Lexington, for any
thing which indicated final independence to be
In 1774 a pamphlet appeared in England,
written bv John Carter, in which he strongly
urcd Parliament todeclare the American colo
nics free and independent; as, he argued, it was
impossible to retain them in allegiance to the
British Crown. In fact, such was the conclu
sion of many shrewd men in the mother coun
try. Dr. Tucker also published a pamphlet, in
which he proposed a line of action to the colo
nies, but being a man of much warmth of tern,
per, and becoming irritated on finding that the
colonies differed from him in the view he took
of the subject, he at length proposed to Parlia
l.ient to cutoff the colonies from their connex
ion, and force them to be independent, as they
were unworthy to be subjects of the Crown.
Jbsiah Quincy, w ho was in London in 1774t
writes that in conversations he had with D.f
Franklin at that time, he found Franklin warm
ly in favor of independence, and strongly desi
rous that the colonies should take decisive meas
ures for that object. "
At the first Continental Congress the subject
- was not touched or alluded to. About this time
a British officer wrote to Washington, complain
ing that the people were beginning to turn their
minds to such a purpose. Washington replied
hat no such design was contemplated; but still
the people would not consent to give up their va
'ued rights, or submit to oppressive acts of the
Prit:sh0ministry, let the consequences be what
ibftf YtM!:d. 1
Air. Jav, John Adam?, Jefferson and Mad-
ison, all declared that the colonies did not
desire independence. Some there were,
doubtless, who , looked to a final appeal to
a.-n?; but generally the desire was to bring
about a redress of grievances, to obtsin sat
isfaction for the many wrongs they had stif
T.red, and to produce a change in the poli
cy of the Diitiih ministry; and this they
hoped to 'accomplish without a resort to
measures which should biing the two coun
tries into actual collision, and result in a dis
memberment of their connexion. Eut sub
sequent events the rejection of their peti
tion?, and the scornful and haughty manner
in which all their overtures were treated, at
iennh openet! their e) es. They became con
vinced that but one alternative was left them,
unless they could consent to give up all for
which the v were contending, and quietly
ub'nit themselves as humDie assets oi me
King, under a bondage which their rehell--nvould
render ten fold more !hng than
" wisely abstained from taking the
'ter,al!owing the people them-
fit st action upon the sub
'e, a proud name in
a bold and decisive
-trongly urged the
Ives "free and in-
7 ion by the reo-Mdenburgeoun-2
battle of Lex
in this county
together to dis
ROBKUT JOSSKl.YN, Edit.
cuss the condition of pub'.fc affairs; and at
ones of their meetings at the court house a
series of resolutions were drawn up and
signed by twenty-five, declaring that these
colonies are, and t.i r'ght ought lobe, free
ana independent.. These resolution, how.
ever, were pn?.sfd from public notice, and
when, a year afterward., they were men
tioned to Jefferon, lie professed never to
have heard of them, and stiongly censured
their spirit and object This caused consid
erable feeling among the people of North
Carolina, and a committee of the Legislature
was appointed to inquire into the conduct
of Mr. Jefferson in the matter.
In 1T7G, Thomas Paine published his Jl
says entitled Common Sense, which had a
jxreat circulation, and exercised .an important
influence upon the minds ot the People.
i lie clearness, simplicity, and powcrtu! rct
soning of lhee Ess,is rendered them verv
popular. He urged the expediency and ne
cessity of a drt". r ;l ion of independence,
and (said the ' . .cr,) the author of Com
mon Sense, is ; :.j -red to have rendered im
portant sef vice to this country in impressing
the necessity of the measure so powerfully
and successfully upon the minds of the peo
ple. ' " .
The first legislative movement was on the
7th of April, 177G, in the Legislature of
iorth Carolina, when that body recommen
ded the consideration of the subject of.inde
oendence to fheir delegates in Congress.
About a month after, the Legislature of Vir
ginia iuslrzicted their delegates to vote for a
declaration of the independence of the colo
nies. To Virginia therefore, may be given
the honor of having taken the first decisive
step; for while the Mecklenburg resolutions
were in fact a declaration of independence,
and the resolutions of the North Carolina
Legislature recommended a consideration of
the subject, the Virginia delegates were in
structed distinctly to vote for such a measure
as the legally recognised representatives of
No order was taken on the Virginia res
olutrbns in Congress until June, when R.
Henry Lee moved that Congres do declare
the colonies free and independent. The mo
tion was discussed, but action upon it post
poned to await instructions from the differ
ent colonies. In the mean time a commit
tee was appointed to draft a declaration, of
which Jefferson was chairman. On the Sth
an dlOth June the suujeet was again discuss
ed: The arguments brought up against the
measure were wholly on the ground of ex
pediency at that time. They all agreed that
such a step must eventually betaken, hut
some were of opinion that the whole People
were not yet prepared for it that some of
the colonies might disagree with it, and that
to press it at once would result in division
and disaster. : The friends of-immediate ac
tion argued that a declarafiafi'only stated a
fact that, in itself considered, it wa? but a
mere form that it was in vain to look "for
entire unanimity of opinion or feeling .upon
the subjects and that no foreign nation on
friendly terms with England would render
the colonies any assistance where they were
in the attitude of rebellion against that coun
try, or until they had formally absolved tlseir
allegiance lo her. The discussion was not
at all upon the merits of the case, but mere
ly as to the expediency of a declaration at
On hte 2Sth of June, Mr. Jefferson re
ported his draught, and on the 1st of July
the Virginia resolutions were passed. Abeut
a quarter part of the "original- draughty was
stricken, and amended, as it walTpassedJjy a
unanimous vote, with one exception, Mr.
John Dickinson, of Pennsylvania. Singularly
enough, while Mr. Dickinson had contribu
ted as much as any other man to the decla
ration, he declined voting for, it, thcugh he
was ever afterwards a warm and efficient ad
vecate. of the interests of his country. On
the 4th of July, 1776, tlie colonies were so
lemnity declared free and .independent. The
New York delegation did not vote at that
time, they being without instruction,, as the
Legislature was not in session. They sign
ed the declaration on the 15th of July. A
portion of the Pennsylvania delegation de
clined voting, probably because of the course
taken by Mr. Dickinson. The names of Mr
Clinton and Mr. Livingston, of the New
York delegation, do not appear on the dec
laration, although the latter was on the com
mittee which draughted it. This arose from
the fact of their absence at the time 'Mr.
Clinton being an officer of the army, and Mr.
Livingston was called home by business at
the courts. ."
Among the paragraphs stricken out from
the original draught, was one censuring the
importation of slaves, and reflecting upon
the course of the British Government in that
particular. This paragraph was understood
to be left out mainly through the influence of
the delegates irom South Carolina anJCeor.
gia. - ' f . ,
After the Declaration. was.signed, a copy
was sent to each of the colonies, to be read
publicly to the people. The reading was
generally accompanied with the ringing of
bells and the firing oi cannon, ine uonti
nental Army was then in New York, and
Washington ordered the Declaration lo be
read on parade, where it was received with
marked demonstrations oi approbation.
On, the 2d oT August the Declaration was
engrossed on parchment and signed, which is
ihe copy in the Department ot btate, and
from which the common fac similes are ta
ken. . - '
In conciudingT this lecture, ot which we
have above, given a brief outline of the prom
inent points, Mr. Sparks said that it seemed
to be specially ordered by Providence that
the Declaration should be made in just the
right time. A few days .alter, the british
Commissioners arrived with offers of recon
ciliation, and, had the measure been del aye
is impossible tu tell what. might have been
the rtsult. When we consid- ,--ih sc
ries of disasters which foi a lo.. .me-clouded
our prospects, the thousanJ obstacles
which presented themselves on every side,
and the natural feeling? which arose at be
ing rlaced in d-ad!y conflict with their once
beloved father land, it will be readily seen
how important was the -fact that, by the act
of declaring their independence, the States
had gone too far lo retract, if they had been
so disposed to do. The Declaration had al
so nn important influence by inducing the
States to fill up their quotas of the arny
and in healing the jealousies and division.,
which iiad crept in among them.
Mr. Sparks concluded wilh a few brief re
marks upon the applause with
Declaration was received by the philanthro
pists anrV patriots of Europe-
l-'ri'iu Kiii'aUs F.siwisitt.r.
Of Xf mush of the Authors life r$ embraces his
private relations icit- tin Ihn. Ilcnry Clay
and his family. ,
On the 7th day of February, .1814, the fam
ily of Deacon Zebedee Kendall, of Dunstable,
Massachusetts, were all collected together under
the paternal roof, for the first and. the last time.
It consisted of the Father and Mother, then en
tering upon a green old age, six sons and one
daughter, the survivors of twelve children, the
oldest of whom had left home before the youn
gest was born. Three of the sons had wives
wilh them and a fourth his affiuncod bride. We
dined together, my Father asked a b'essing
from above before meat, and returning thanks
afterwards, as was his custom. .dfter dinner
he addressed us in reference to this our first gen
eral meeting, which he anticipated would be our
last, and in broken accents endeavored to. im
press more deeply on our minds, those moral
and religious principles and precepts, which, ai
ded by the best of mothers, he had inculcated
upon us from our earliest infancy. Our mother
attempted to speak, but emotion choked her ut
terance. Our father resumed, and addressing
himself to me, said they would jyrobably see me
no more in this world; and as his last injunction,
charged me to be honest in my profession, deal
justly in all my transactions with my fellow
men, and having done my best in this world to
rely for happiness hereafter on faith in the mer
its of a Saviour. There were' no dry eyes in
thatcompany. Some, remarks of a similar char
acter were made by one of my brothers, when
there was silence interrupted only b sobs. Mv
own heart was too full to utter a word. After
a pause long enough to produce composure, we
sung together an appropriate hymn; for we had
all been taught in family worship to praise our
MakeK. Our father then addressed the Ruler of
the Universe in a fervent prayer, which reach
ed the Eternal Throne, if ever the sincere and
heartfelt aspirations of a mortal did.
With all practicable expedition, I closed ud
my affairs at Grofon, Massachusetts, where 1
had been studying law about two and a half
years, and on the 19th February took the stage
tor Boston. There; J bid farewell to a lady
whom my affections and my judgment had ap
proved as a partner for life, the only obstacle to
an engagement being my determination to seek
my fortune abroad, and her prudence in decli
ning one with a young man under such circum
stances. Jn the 'Jlst I left ios'.on with a heavy
leart, but a determined spirit.
On the 24th I reached New Yorkl where 1
was shown the ship John Adam?, then laying
below, waiting for a fair wind, with Henry Clay
and the other Commissioners on board.4 who
were going out to negotiate a treaty of peace
with Great Uritain. '
On the 26th resumed my iourney in thestarres.
and after much fatigue, arrived in Washington
city on the first of March. Here I took lodgings
at a boarding house with Wm. M. liichardson.
ate chief justice of New Hampshire, then mem
ber of Congress from the Middlesex District.
Massachusetts, with whom I had been studying
I came to Washington with some expectation
of a business' connection with the late Felix
Grundy,' then a member of Congrt ss from the
Nashville District, Tennessee. In the event of
his leaving Congress, he wanted a voung partner
m the practice of the law, and I had been re
commended to him by Mr. Richardson. Find
ing him undecided as to hi own future course, 1
declined hi? orler to go out and live in his family
until ne stioula make up his mind, and determin
ed .to visit Kentucky, the patriotism and bravery
of whose people in the war then racincr. made
me desire to be one lof them. Having formed
anacquaintance witn the Hon. Jesse Bledsoe,
then a Senator from that State, a conditional ar
rangement was made between us that in the
event nothing better offering. I should live in his
family and assist in the education of his children,
receiving my board, the use of his books, such
instructions as he could givo me, and a moder
ate rate of compensation in money for such un
defined time as I might remain with him. On
theOth.March I left Washington in the stage
r Pittsburg, and found among my travelling
companions Uen. Uass, now our Minister , in
trance, and Maj. Trimble of Ohio, then olicers
in the army. On the 19th I arrived ia Pitts
burg. There I spent some da vs. beinrr treated
a w- a 0 - o
in the most polite and fiiendly manner by Judge
Wilkin, nnn nf our Intn !Minlcrro n T?ii.2cmo n
' " ' il.UO.3H, U
whom I had a letter. There 1 casually met with
Major Barry, my predecessor in the Post Office
Department, who, with his family, was prepar
ing to descend the Ohio to Maysville, ?u a flat
boat. On my iourney out, 1 had fallen in wilh
the present Dr. J. G. Ffugel, IL d." Consul at
Leipsic in Germany, and having beconc attach
ed to each other, we had made prepatations to
descend the river tn a skiti. Upon Major Bar
ry'a proposal, we united cur stores with his,
tcoi passage in his boat and tied our skiff along
side A voyaga of about eight d ivs took us to
Maysville, Kentucky, on the night 'or the 2d
April. Parting with Maj. Barry there, Mr.
Flugel and myself descended to ' Cincinnati in
our skiff, where, having been somewhat detain
ed by bad weather, we arrived ort the 5th. Here
we gave our skiff to a Spanish exile, who said he
was without means and wished to descend the
river to find a place to live with his family, and
parting with Mr. Flugel on the 9th pril,- I set
out for Lexington alone aad on foot, not a stage
being then run in Kentucky or elsewhere west
of Pittsburg., On the 12th I reached Lexington
and took lodgings at PorUcthwailc's, then
sidcrcd the best Hotel in the place.
I had been under tho
.J k T M. f t t S,tST . . . .. - - .... I 4.
;-.,, asm, 5 rui.. JAKUAKY 12. 1842 '
oieuw meo trj Lexington, anl expend to f nJ ioy. 2. mails me n proposal. It was
him at h me; b;it learnt that his family -rcflded to vest in b.in.w five or ix thousand dollars,
many rmies dtt.nt, and that he had not return- of which I .-ho ild tike the care and receivcone
ed fiom Washington. It was the 18th of the hiri of t'w pr fit; or sho i!d that fall'short of
month before I met wish him, and then hnco-s -6"0; .er annum, ho .would insuru mo that
versation an. 1 carriage towards me, were so sin- Utira."
ul.r, attributable as 1 was afterwards satisfied,;
I resolved to have nothing to do with him.
vv.in,nj ui ma iiiaiiRiKr.-iiku
I he i manner in which I finally came to lw lo-Yankee emigrant lawyers. anJ we made otir-j Georgetown, tfce. .
cated in Mr. Clay's family will bo most saisi'ac- selves merry with brand v and our ill prospects', i Thus fur mt; Journal; Mr. CJnv was still
torily shown by extracts from a Journal kept by proposed my rase and asked their opinion. I in Europe. I had man v friend.", some mon
me at the time, viz: ; They were unanimous t'r at I shonld accent Mr. lev. and al! the credit I needed. I mid mv
yli-KiL -i. 1 owanls night I walked out to-
warnn me t.arraciis, and coming near a cluster
" ","'U5"",:' wcm iieiuimanui went to tin-in.
They invited me to drink, and ono wl,W name
1 know not, walked roe aside and asked my pa mo.
He then introduced nit; to tho other sct'iSlcmnn.
among whom were som.r citizen j of the fi rsi
1 farmhVs.' , With one Ly the name of Walk-ins i
oecamt! oonsiuerah.y acouamted. Mc L a hall
brother of Mr. Clay, and invited ma to call on
htm at Mrs. Harts " (."firs. Hart was the wid
ow of one of Mrs. Clay's brothers.)
April 29. Ci lied on young Watkins and
borrowed of him Powell on Contracts, with
which and the Spectator I amused myself."
May 1. Mr.Wm Prentiss entered into con
versation with me, and on my observing lhat I
would under If ke a school, said that his brother
and others wished an instructor, and he had no
doubt I might find employment. He promised
to mention me to his brother and let me know the
result on Tuesday next. On my mentioning
the same thing to Mr. Watkins. he expressed the
samo confidence of my success, and said he
would assist me ali in his powe r."
May 2. "This afternoon Mr. IFa kins asked
me to go and take tea with him, at Mrs. Hart's.
I went and was introduced to Mrs. Hart and two
other ladies. She said there were a number of
families that were suffering for a teacher; that !
might have a school of from 20 to; 30; that she
would give me my board and pay meas much for
instructing her children as any other; that they
would leave the price to myself, aud should wish
soon to know my determination."
May 4. "Determined to know on what. I
might depend, I called this morning omMr.
James Prentiss, He disapproved of Mrs. Hart's
plan, and preferred that I should go around to
the differrent houses and instruct ihe childrenl
He thought I ougiit to be content with 8300 a
year and my board, and offered me $150 for his
children. I told him I thought it too little, but
that I would think of if. Tho inducements for
accepting it are, that I should probably make
friends of the first families in the place, by which
means I may here get into business. I then
called on Mrs. Hart, who seemed to be piqued at
Mr. Prentiss' objection, although I did not tell
her the principal one, , She said his offer
was too small; that 1 ought to have nearly that
for six months; and thought $12 a quarter a
reasonable tuition. In fine, she seemed deter
mined to get up a school, and bid me call and
take tea with her."
"I called at Mrs. Hart's. She said
she was sorry she had not been so successful as
sue hoped; that Mrs. Clay, living three quarters
of a' mile from town, thought it too fur to send
her children; but that she (Mrs. Clay) said if" I
would come and 1 ve in her family she would
give me my board, $ 100 in money, the use of
Mr. Clay's Library, and assure me of his friend
ship and assistance when he should return. She
wishes to see me between 10 and 11 o'clock to-
morrow at Mrs. Hart's and I shall call.
1 shall accept the offer."
May S. "I have seen Mrs. Clay and engaged
to live in her family on the offer which she has
made me. I have ecgaged to ttay a year, or if
I leave in six months, to find some person to
supply my place equally well qualified with my
self." ' d . .
May 10. "Procured a man to carry out: my
baggage, and myself walked out to Mrs. Clay's
in the-afternoon. 1 was received with the ut
most politeness . and found Mrs. Clay a very
May 11. ' Mr, Clay has seven children, five of
whom will be under my charge. . ,
Thus at last I am again at home, and in a
place where I think 1 ought to feel more than
s-V.isfied. When I left the tavern I had still re
maining $17 76 of the 8216 with which I start
ed from home.
May 13, "Commenced teaching."
May 25. "In conversation this evening, Mrs.
Clay bade me ask her, if I wanted money. - I
told her I would, and paid I had short of $20,
when s'jo said she would give me $100 to-morrow.
I was affected by her generosity, but beg
ged to be excused from taking it, as I was in no
need at present. . The true reason is, 1 cannot
think of -making myself so dependant-"
Jirne 1J. "Airs. Clay this day once more of
fered me $50, but I. declined accepting it."
Oct. I 0. Obtained from the County Court a
certificate of moral characier, preparatory to an
examination for the practice of law. I have de
termined to go to r raiiKfort day afier to-morrow
and apply for license to the Court of Appeals,
I. !... "l" t - i l-.i r. -
tue mgucsi judicial triDunai in mediate.
Oct. 12. Having ,waited m town from past
seven to nine for , on whom I relied to m-
troduce me to the judges at Fr.apkfortJ'l set out
for lhat place alone. ' , It ,vds about two
o clock, and had not arrived. I dined.
wandered over the town and banks of the river
cntd about four, when learn;ng lhat bo had not
yet arrived, I began to think of some other meth
od of being introduced. Understanding that
Mr. a lawyer of Lexington to whom. I
had been introduced, was in town, I sought fjr
him but in vain. 1 then adopted the only re
maining alternative, inquired tho names of the
judges and introduced myself. 4
Uct. 13. "I called on , and told
him the judges seemed desirous of seeing some
poison wno was acquainica wun me. tie pro-
misea lo call. At :en o clock 1 went into court;
-was there; I asked him if he had seen the
judges? 'no -but he would at dinner..
After dinner I called aad was told by tho Chief
Justice they had concluded to give mo a license,
but I must procure the form, i attributed much
m tins" decision to but what was my sur
prise when, soon after, . j passing by. a&ked
if the judges were in their room, saying that he
would now call and see them. Thus 1 learnt
that my licence was procured without a word
from any mortal who had been before acquaint
ed with me. Although I could not h;lp severely
blaming him for negligence on a subject where
1 was so deeply interested, I was heartily glad
he had not calicd: there is something so pleasant
in owing every fhmj: to ourselvei."3 '
VOI.UMK I. XinrBEU" I.
"! feirn?d to the tavern, waikml out in Mr.
- Tit:t ii n nt'iu a social Hour, and nrtiri!
returned to the tivcni, where were fo;:r of us
s oiler. .My., own inclination is to tho
j same npimori, aJlhougfj, I am not perfectly- pleis-
eti wiui mo arrangement. S.TmUl r ila it. I ".
quit my phec and go immediately into practice:
but I cannot but have hopes tfiat'by delaying 1
shall derive advantage f rom the friendship of Mr
Nov. I -J. IT he (a substitute) can come in
little more than a week I shall be on my way
to Indiana. '
Nov. 15. Mentioned my probable jour
ney to Mrs. Clay. She will accept my sub
stitute, and even tells me lo go if he should
not come, should I find it lo my advantage.
Cut 1 am not resolved on that.
Dec' 12. -Te-diy further news was re
ceived from our Commissioners at Ghent, by
which it appears there are still some hopes of
peace. But such delays were interposed by
the British, that the business will not be con
cluded in time to allow he commissioners to
return before Spring. Thus 1 shall probably
be disappointed in all the advantages which
I had hoped from an acquaintance with Mr.
1S15. March 21. Went into court (at
Lexington) and on motion of Mr.
the oath icquired by law fur practice as an
April 25. This day arrived Mr. from
Cincinnati. I am very much pleased with
his appearance, and shall next week resign
my sceptre. My first step will be, to ride
around to a number of the counties and learn
if possible which promises most.
April 29. Resigned my sceptre to -Mr.
Their (Mr. Clay's children) attention
to study, and their good hearts and uniform
ly, respectful conduct towards mc, have at
tached me to them, and I cannot leave them
without regret. Yet, I cannot but fee fa
glow of joy that my pedagogical labors arc
closed, and ardently hope I shall never be
under the necessity of renewing them.
May 4. Visited Georgetown, in Scott
county, I took a letter to Mr.
, a tra
der, who was very polite, said he would do
any thing for me he could, and offered to
board me until I could suit mvself better, if I
would come to lhat'place. The representa
tions which I deiived from him. and others
induced me to believe lhat county ihe most
favorable in the neighborhood.
May 8. Pun based what books were ab
solutely necessary for practice, and made
31a. y 10. It was almost II o'clock when
I started. . I arrived in Georgetown
abcut two o'clock, despatched a boy who
came with me back with the horses, and took
up my abode in the fami'y of Mr. .
77mt far rnj Journal: Without the least
knowledge of Mr. Clay's family or the least
idea of living with them, I went to Kentucky
by the merest accident I became acquainted
wilh some of the connexions; Mrs. Clay
made me an offer before she. ever saw met and ;
though other projects were in view promis-:
ing a greater present income, I determined
to accept it before lever saw her, in the hope
.of profiting by Mr. Clay's friendship and ad
vice. 1 served near a year, when, impatient
of delay, the time of Mr. Clay's return being
still uncertain, I put an acceptable substitute
in my place, purchased my law books, and
commenced the practice of law in George
town, Ky., twelve miles from Lexington.
But, many will ask with wonder, ic.'utt of
your sickness and destitution, of Mr. Clay's
finding you in want and misery, taking yon
t72, like a good cximaritan, feeding and cloth
ing you, and making you respected and res
pectable among your fellow men? IT IS
rUllt: FICTION. Nothing like it ever
happened. But I will show the reader out
of what materials the story is made up.
ihe preceding extracts Irom mv tournal
leave me located in Georgetown, Ky., on
the 10th May, 1S15, with the view of prac
tising Jaw in Scott county. We will again
look into this authentic record made at the
June 11, 1S15. Rode to Lexington, (to
the Circuit Court) attended the Episcopalian
church dined at Mr. Clay's attended
church in the afternoon, and commenced
boarding at Mr. Allen's, (a boaiding house
June 12. Attended court to-daj, but ve
ry little was done. In the evening called at
Mrs. Hart's. On my return I became ex
tremely warm, and had a sick head-ache.
On drinking warm water and vomiting, 1
gained v. partial relief.
July 15. This day I returned to George
town, after a violent sickness, (billious fever,)
which has to this time detained me in 'Lex
inTton. I have no recollection of many things
that passed during the first two weeks; but so
far as I do recollect. I will proceed to minute
them. N - - -: . . -"
'"-. June E?v I ate a little breakfast this mor
ning; but soon found myself getting sick, and
sent for Dr. Pjr.deU. He gave me au.emetic
and some physic &c.' , , t V -June
2-1. Mr. Clay ha3 invited me to
her houseand thiiday sent in her' carriage
for-me. , ' . v
July 1, I gained strength very slow, and
this dav' was able t o it up "verv little. Soon
alter 1 inmc here 1 sent tn town bv the car
riage driver for some wine; but Mrs- Chiv
finding it out from, hi my forbade lain to buy
o'u protKii.iv - take-, my place at Mr. :kWs. NoWthe story of Mr. Clav dio me
Would to ( Mr. Clay was at home;, fo I !is m.ide up thus: He is brought home from
Suou!d probably ae -.Jed by his opmion. i:urope aUnil the tie he w.-; out; m v sick-
an t orderr l
Ind wjuie -ei.-! i:r!i in th?
me, Mvrng ui.n 'ie
hou'e to whh'h I was quite w'-!i--n e.
July 4. Th'Te were "ecfebYaiinn of tlie
day in Lexington; but I wai unable to sit up
more than a few minutes at"; lime. M rsv
('lay has her, carriage brrA'ght o-ut fiV roe to
ride everv faird ty. v,
July 15. I have thouzht myself ahle lor
two. or three days to n le to Georgetown,
hut was prevented by-rain.' ' I ii fitd
ding adieu to Mrs. Clay, avnse o" i,e 0tM
galion under -which f have he5ita'by hcrf
so affected me that 1 could nottiPS tho.?
acknowledgements which I intended. ' tihe
has done every thing for ne in her power
and l4ellrt on it with gratitude.
! 1 was received with great cordialitv
I was received with irreat cordialitv at
own bills at the.h'Vardin house and mv
tm's bill, and would have bought
UvmolfMn f!i-,i. t
ness is thrown bacK some th:t I n or umrteea
months before it happened, and I am, by ihe
tancy of political '.writer, robbed of my mon
ey, stripped of my clothing, and plunged in- "
to a condition of want and suffering which,,
thanks to a merciful -Creator,, il w as never
my -411 fortune to encounter. -
Air. Clay relumed liome after my :ckne-.s .
in IS15,hut I did not see him until the 29th
day t f May, I SI fi, when, for the first time. I
visited him at his house.
These are all the fact:? staled" "in. the sim
plest manner, by the wilful distortion of :
which, many honest men have been made t
believe mean ingrate and a viper. "Never
to my knowledge, did Mr. Clay perform att
act intended to advance mv interest orgtat
ify mv ambition beyond subscribing for my
newspaper, except that years -afterward, in
made me a loan oa ample security, of V?l,5i)i
in BankNbtes worth fifty cents in. the dollar,
out of an estate cf which he .was Executor, -the
payment of which wilh interest, in a cui
rency approaching to par, was one of the
means by which I was subsequently strippe I
of the little property I possessed. "For tius,
however. I did not blame Mr. Ci.sv; It was
the effect of my own contract. 1
This is the whole story of my personal ob
ligations to Mr. Clay; ' It might not" be unin
teresting to follow up the Narrative, and give
a history- of the origin and progress of that
political warfare, the incidents of which gave
occasion to tho?e monstrous fabrications af
fecting my Jionor which have overspread tho
land; but it is not necessary to my present
purpose. Suffice it to say, that my opposi
tion to Mr. Clay, though fouuded in as hon
est motives as ever actuated the human heart,'
was the bitterest cup I have had lo drink in
connection with my political Iiftf. Its .bitter
ness arose, not from any consciousness of ob-,
ligation to Mr. Clay, but simply fr-m the
fact that I ha I bt-en o?in of his family, nnd
that Mrs. Chty had been kind to me, as loctt
during viy re.side7u e.in the family as in my
subsequent scknrss. But it was forced upoi
me by my convictions cl right; bv my posi
I a a - -
fon, whicii I was unal'Ie to cn.inge; lv sell-
defence, lhat first law of nature: by the. fero
cious persecution of Mr. Chiy's friends; and
by what I could not but consider the fieart-
lessnessand ingratitude of Mr. Clay himself.
Now when all feelmir. and. interest vn . the
subject have passed away, I find nothing to
disapprove in mat opposition, nothing I coui.l
wiih undone, unless it be in relation to some
collateral incidents. j
. From (lie Spirit of the Age. -j
There is not a more foolish notion afloat in the
world, than the one that it is the rtccupttticui'that
gives character to the man. One occupation, as- "
the means of "petting n livhig," a the phrase- -goes,
is precisely as high and crettitable as an
other, provided that it he honourable and in accord
ance with the law of God and man. The man
who holds his plough, hammers his iron, or drive ,
his peg to support his ftmily wilh the necessoriqs
and comforts cf life, is nt. a whit below the ono- "
who measures tape bcuind tha counter', mvstifie
the law at the b tr, or presides at the councils of
the nation, luere is a vulgar and most perni- :
cious 1 cp. i ng a broad in the community on this
suhject. Fathers liiust educate their sons for one
of what is termed "the learned urofessions."
Diti'ghters must marry a lawyer, a 3octr, a cler
gyman, or a merchant. Horror! the- good lady, -
wontd as soon th:ax .f marrying her daughter to-
a Wiwebt go, as to an industrious and honourable
mechanic. Why, the family would be disgrace J,
the name dishonoured:! lol no! The business of .
a carpenter, a blacksmith, or a farmer,' is not wo
respectable as that of shaving notes, drawing soli
dity from the desk, peddling rotten wood or pills,
or selling snuff and tobacco. And yet, th duties -of
all the learned professions, a well as tho!e or
a mercantile character, are performed fur the same
re-ifon that a shoemaker waxes his thread, and
the farmer plant his potatoes, to- wiir to obtain a
living! Still a set of miserable upstart fools w!h
arc almost universally low bred people them
selves people who have begun life ia the ditch
endeavor to establish in society artifbi-tl distinc
tions which they hope will elevate taem above th
common mass from which they wero taken, anrl
pvetotheinaniinportsr.ee, while innate "worth,
and honesty could not command it. Labor is la
bor honest labor ,is honest labor. Honest and ?
honourable labor i the same whether perfirmd
by the king or the beggar, and ia just as honor
able in the tineas the other. It i true that all
men by haeit and by ta?teare not Sued to pursue
the same vocations and fl-ere are natural diris
ions, not distinctions, as the vord is commonly
used, created by haruioiy and taste. .This., is as
it should be; and fits us fir a di--ch&rsre of-all the
peculiar duties lhat devolve upoa us as members
of society.. Ihit to say that because a man per
forms any given duty, however humble, that
necessarily degrades him or renders hiat'les
mf-ritorious than Lis neighhor, who performs au-
other duty, vet nut more faithfully, is Usay that
j we still atlhei,e to the hicuarchia! princip!e-$of thf
T. '.J ., ., i . . -. '
old worl J.
Let the father educate his son to sjrne honora--
ble caUia. and if he-, has predikt tins for any
particular husiness asis ofien thcas, let .iu .
follow it, il tt be possible- - t is the mart enno!:?- .
t.ie bivsiaess, and not the business that ennu , :
the man; and. not spend a thought upon the
tiaciioas ia ocjrnpaiioas, nonouraUe aim y
jhat fels have artcmpted to buud up. Iy"
'drcn be tanght to he honef-t, honorable and t
to 4t a proper value uvm the riches ut
which is at best cut a LutLle, blown into
to-Jiy to but ta-n.orrovv, and launde
tl.e calv true and rcal uUtinctiotrs h
th of irtunnJ vice, p rJ that t!
'am) mdarivT riches are an intellect'
i i j
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