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Published every Wednesday, by JOSSELYN & .LEWIS At PER A.NMT.M IN ADVANCE. CAdvcrtJements Inserted at One Dollar per Square for the first insertion and Fifty Cent for each continuance. AGRICULTURAL. Whitewash. There is nothing which sa much improves the appearance of a house, and the premises, as painting or whitewash in the tenements and fences. The folio w- lng receipts for whitewashing have been found, by experience, to answer the same : purpose for wood, brick, and stone, as oil ; paint and are mucn cneaper. i ne nrst is tne j receipt used for the President's House at ! Washington, improved by iurtner experi ments. The second is a similar and cheap er one, which the wiiter has known to suc ceed in a variety of cases, lasting as long and looking as well as white oil paint. Recife. Take half a bushel of unslaked lime, and slack it with boiling water, cover ing it during the process. Strain it and add a peck of salt dissolved in warm water; 3 rounds of trround rics, boiled to a thin paste, put in boiling hot; half a pound of powder ed Spanish whiting; and a pound of clear glue dissolved ia warm water. iUix. and Jet it stand several days. Then keep it in a Aettle on a portable furnace, arxi put it on as hot as possible, with a painter's or white wash brush. Another. Make whitewash in the usual way, except that the water used should have twodoublc handful of salt dissolved in each painful of the hot water used. Then stir in a double handful of fine sand, to make it thick like cream. This is bet'er to be put on hot. Coloring matter can be added to both, making a light stone color, or a light buff, which are most suitable for buildings. To wash Woollen Yarn. Wash in hot wa ter, putting a teacup full of lye to half a pail of water, and no soap. Rinse till the water comes olT clear. To wash Hack woosted or woollen Hose. If new, soak all night; then wash in hot suds with beef's gall, a tablespoonful to half a pail full of water. Rinse till no color comes out. Then stretch on stocking frames, or iron them when damp on the wrong side. To wash painted Jlluslins. Wash in one or two portions of lukewarm suds, made with white soap. Rinse twice in cold wa ter, putting in the last ringfngAvater a tea spoonful! of oil of vitrol or p igneous a cid. Stiffen with rice water, made by boil ing a point and a half of rice one hour in a gallon anfl a half of soft water, and strained. Stretch and dry in the shade, wrong side out. Then sprinkle and roll one hour before ironing. To cleanse Gentlemen's CLth Coats and Pantaloons.-Tke writer has tried and seen thers try, the following method with re markable success, on all sorts of broadcloth articles of dress. Take one beef's gall, half a pound of sahratu?, and four gallons of warm water. With a clothes brush dipped in thii mixture, scour iiie 'artieleTTdj :igTc ' on the table for the purpose. The collar of the coat and the grease spots (previously marked by a stitch or two of white thread) must be brushed with this mixture repeated ly. After this, take the article and rinse it up and down in the mixture. Then rinse it up and down in the same way in soft cold wattr. Then without any ringing or press ing, hang it tip to drain and dry. When dry, dampen with a sponge, and iron on the wrong side, or else spread something be tween the cloth and iron, ironing tiil perfect ly dry. It is best to rip out pockets and lin ings, if the article is worth the trouble. Also brush the article before washing. It is often test to iron no part but the skirt, and press the lappets and cuih Another mode of washing broadcloaths. ' Shake and brush the article. Rip out pock- els and linings. Wash in two portions of alrong suds, putting a teacupful oflve in the frst. Do not wring but roll them tight and press the water all out. When entirely dry, sprinkle them, and let them lie all night. Iron on the wrong side, or with an interve ning cloth, till perfectly dry. For light wool lens, white soup must be used. Iron on the right side with an intervening cloth. To wash Marinoes, Bombazines and Ghal Ufs. Takeout all gathers and plaits. Free the article from dust. Make a suds of warm (not hot) water and white soap, adding a spoonful of ox gall. Then wash in a weak er suds, adding for dark things a handful of salt, and for light things a teaspoonful of oil of vitrol. Do not wring, but fold and press the water out on a tabled catching it in a tub beneath. When nearly dry , roll in a damp towel and let it -lie an hour. Iron on the wrong-side. Do not let them remain damp very long. For black bombazines, put in lie instead of ox-gall. Miss Beecher. Dpep Ploughing. A correspondent of the Farmers' Visiter, bears the following tes timony in favor of deep ploughing: 'Sir: My experience in favor of deep ploughing is such, I feel it a duty to give it to you. I have in taking up my land for planting ploughed very deep full one foot. My practice nas ben so for some time. When 1 adopted this mode, my first crop was rather against this practice; but my after crops were in favor of it. And in a dry season like the last, it was much so; for in the commencement of the drought, my corn did roll, as we term it; but when the roots had left their horizontal course and taken the perpendicular, as thev do and will if you give them a deep soil (and deep ploughing will dit,)I saw but little effects of the drought afterwards. I have grown as good corn as usual this season, and I have friven the cre dit to deep ploughing. My land would still improve, I have no doubt, if I should plough still deeper; as others have with subsoil P'ough, and have had a corresponding bene tw American Farmer. m Cheese Made from Potatoes. Cheese it is said, of nn TirBmolv finft nualitv is man uiactured from potatoes in Thuringia, and pari oi fcaxonv, in the following manner: After having collected a quantify of potatoes mMm . t III LJ r ir ir gBERT JOSSELYN, Editor. of a good quality, giving the preference to the largewhite kind, they are boiled in a couldion, and becoming cool, they are peeled and reduced to pulp, either by means of a grater or morter To five pounds of this i mui u, iul.ii vjuyiit iu ue us euuTii as aactea one pound of sour milk, and the necessary quantity of salt. The whole is kneaded to- gether, and the allowed to rem mixture covered up' and remain ior three or four davs according to the season. At the end of this time, it is kneaded again and the cheese placed in little baskets, where the superfluous mois ture is allowed to escape. They are thn allowed to dry in the shade and placed in layers in large pots or vessels, where they must remain for fifteen days. The older these cheese ijte, the more their quality improves. Twofdnds of them are made. The first whichJvTie most common, is made accor ding ToThe proportions above indicated; the second, with four parts of potatoes, and four parts ot ewe or cow milk. Ihase cheese have this advantage over every other kind, that they do not engender worms, and keep fresh for a great number of years provided they are placed in a dry situation, and in wei'l closed vessels. Doncaster Chronicle. Close of the Week! It is but a short time indeed; but its events are a host; its changes many. To whom has the week just about to close brought joy? to whom sor row? to whom riches? to whom poverty? to vApm friends? to whom enemies? to whqf Move? to whom hatred? to whom freaJff-to whom misery? to whom hap piness to whom sickness? to whom health? to whom life? or, to whom Death? W hat! all these changes in a week! Yes, and a host, more numerous than the sands of the sea. Many who saw the dawning of the present week, will be in another world ere it closes; many upon whom fortune smil ed .but a week ago, are now groaning be neath the withering frowns of poverty; ma ny who were floating gently on the bark of life, o'er the unruffled sea of happiness, a week ago, are now wrecks of ruin on the shores of affliction; many upon whom the sun of last Sabbath shone propitiously, have ere this time, met with seme misfortune, and are turned upon the world the children of poverty; and many whose expectations and hopes wett beaming forth bright and prosperous ntl fo dawn of the week, find themselves at Jf e close the sad and misera ble beinjr-' "liyappointment. A 1 r ctTfiela t e of man! It is subject to changes ina week, a day, nay, even an hour. The world is still in commotion re volution succeeds revolution; TIME whirl ing in its rapid progress, leaving behind its trace oj"r destruction. And even in a small community, urany mrMl aniJ"t cfrfnci ri cumstances might be summed up and recer- .... 1 r . eacu week. From the Nashville Union April 13. ALABAMA MONEY. We have heard no good reason why Ala bama Money should change hands at the ru inous discount now quoted at this and other placc-wamaians complain, and it wouM sefl?fnTiey have a right to do so. The Tuscumfaf aper says "the faith, the honor, tho resources of Alabama are all bound for the redemption ofiier money and shall it be said that she will prove recreant to her plight ed faith?Xo, never! We have the most abid ing confidence, (savs that authority)that however faithless others mav prove. A a- bama will meet all her ezaements in rood faith. In confirmation of this opinion we give the following facts from the New York Expi" of the 23d ult. AN J IQXEST STATE GOVERNMENT. ---Covkin (now in this citv) President of the Iranch of the State Bmk of Alabama at 3JJie, and special Agent of Alabama for the payment of that portion of the State Debt falling duo this year and the year IS 11, has promptly met these Bonds payable at this time and will also pay with exactness those others as they mature. Notwithstanding ail the hints circulated to injure the credit of the southern states, Ala bama is one that has always paid her interest promptl', and now also her principal. The entire amount of her present indebtedness is onlv ten millions, two thirds of which is not payable in less than twenty years. That the State is now in possession ot spe cie to the amount of $2,000,000, besides as sets to the amount of 20,000,000,more. That the few bills of jhe State Bank of Ala. now in this city should be at a discount of 20 per cent, must bo owing to some stjch secret manafjeraent of brokers as when the specie paying country oanKs oi our own State were at 10 per cent discount in Wall street merely becausethe River was frozen, and the roads too bad for the rapid travelling of broker's agents and letter communication. rjCrA bill to abolish capital punishment, has passed the Assembly of New York, by a vote ot -4b to 4t. Honesty. The democratic Legislature of New Ycfi have passed a law laying a direct tax, the proceeds to be applied to the payment of theSf'-bt and interest. The amount estirflo be derived from the tax is about 600,000. The policy of the democrats 13 lo pay, while that of their opponents is to borrow. The Memphis Enquirer of the 1st inst.says: "On Tuesday last many of our citizens, a great portion of whom never saw tne iifce before, witnessed the departure of cars, pro .,ua stpam. from the depot of the La- Rail Road. About 60 persons took an excursion of 4J miles irom the city ana pack. hppn abundant in our mar ket all week. Nashville Banner, April 12. ' 1 1 m HOLLY SPRINGS, GENERAL APPROPRIATION BILL. The committee resumed the consideration of the bill making appropriations for the civil 1 and diplomatic expenses of Government for the year 1S42. The pending question being on the mo tion of Mr. Proffit to add the sum of $7, 015 to the amount of the following item: "No 151. For compensation and mileage of the members of the Legislative Council, (of Florida,) pay of officers, statienary, fuel, printing, rent, furniture and all other inci dental and contingent objects, $27,19.3." Mr. Proffit withdrew the amendment. Item No. 153 being under consideration, in the words followiug. For- the salaries of eight Associate Judges, at $1,500, $33,000. Mr. CROSS moved an amendment pro vidincr for tho withholding $500 from the salary of each and every one of the said judges who fails to hold the regular circuit court in any district of his circuit, unless the same be occasioned by sickness or una voidable accident. Mr. Roosevelt called attention to that clause of the Constitution which provides that the judges 'Shall hold their offices during good behaviour, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office." Mt. PorE said he would be very happy to co-operate with the gentleman from Arkan sas Mr Cross in providing any remedy for this case within the powers of Congress. He believed it was impossible for this gentle man to attend that Court and attend the Su preme Court. If the law lequired his atten dance at both at the same time, and if he attended at Washington, it was not a dere liction of duty. Mr. McKinley was a man of as much industry as any man in the Uni ted States. He (Mr. P.) had known him long. A proposition had been made by a new arrangement of the judges to equalize the duties among them. He would suggest to the gentleman from Arkansas that the reme dy he proposed was one which was not authorized by the Constitution of the United States, but was inadmissible altogether. If Judge McKinley was guilty of criminal neg ligence he was for his impeachment; but the reduction of the salary was incompatible with the Constitution. Before they should act on a judge as a public officer, would it not be fair that an investigation should be made by a committee why he had not atten ded his courts? Before the subject was in vestigated, and befcic the gentleman had had an opportunity cf making known why this neglect Occurred,-he vcu oppcsoX la sc.. ting on this case. But anotherand an insu perable difficulty was from the Constitution. They could not undertake, under the Consti tution, to dock the salaries of judges; and the principle was an important one a radical one, which was intended to secure that De partment against all the powers of the Gov ernment and of public opinion; it was one of the sacred principles of the Constitution. Mr Thompson of Mississippi was glad that the gentleman from Arkansas had brought this subject to the notice cf the House. His motion raised a grave and serious question, and it was this how far anjf in what way this House, reflecting the popular feeling of this country could affect or control the con duct of those who held lifetime estates in public offices? Are they so high that our short arms are insufficient to reach them, except by the slow and uncertoin remedy of impeachment? Is a public officer, whose compensation cannot be diminished during his continuance in office, and whose term of service has no period but that of his natu ral life, to fail and refuse to perform his du ties at pleasure, and have we no remedy? If the remedy proposed of withholding the purse, be the true one, he thought it was high time to exert that power, lhe conduct ol Judge McKinley deserved to be noticed in some way by Congress. But the gentleman from Kentuckey Mr. Pope was mistaken in the proposition under consideration, it he supposed it was intended to bear upon the past neglect of thi3 honorable judge. It was prospective in its opinion altogether it was a provision lor mal-conduct, or non-ieasance that was to follow. In the year 1836, he believed, Judge Mc Kinley was first appointed to the Supreme Bench, and the southwestern circuit was as signed him, composed of the southern dis trict of Alabama, the eastern district of Lou isiana, the southern district of Mississippi and the district of Arkansas. So far as the State of Mississippi was concerned, he knew of no complaint till the year 1839, when an affair came off m the city oi Jackson, bet ween his honor, and an obseure man in that city, who was a crier to the court, or deputy marshal. The judge gave the first insult, which afterwards led to the commission of a high indignity upon his person. Cries of "in what way:" This deputy it is said, met l.im in the streets and wrung his nose. A laugh.l This was wrong very unjustifiable. He condemned and deprecated it as much as any gentleman could do. But while the judge's wrath was up he swore that he would neverreturn to Jackson again. Ut course, our citizens supposed that he spoke in anger and that when his passions subsided he would return to the discharge of his duties. But not sothus far he has obstinately staid away from that place and has thrown all the oner our duties of that court uporT the district judge. It so happened, however, that the State of .Mississippi has a very able, indefat igable and efficient district judjre; and his absence therefore has not been so mnch felt Eut how have vou treated this district iude? He receives a salary of $2,000, when our State circuit judges receive $3,000, and ML. APRIL 27. rSi2. when Judge McKinley has receiced 4,500; yet he has performed more actual service, decided more cases, and done more work, as he verily believed, than the associate jus tice himself. Yet you refuse to increase his salary, and the associate justice receives his $4,500 whether he works or not. This is not right, nor is it justice. Last winter, said Mr, T. the Legislature of the Slate of Mississippi forwarded resolu tions to. him as one of the Representatives of that State in Congress, instructing him to prefer an impeachment against this hon orable judge. But they came to hand at so late a period of the session, that he and his colleague then were unable to institute any I proceedings. Since then, he had examined ' the question, and he was rather inclined to tho opinion that it would be of no avail to attempt an impeachment. The Constitution provides that impeachments shall.e only for "treason,; bribery, or other higdj crimes and misdemeanors." In this case, the talents and the learning of Judge McKinley are ad mitted. His integrity and honor as a man and as a judge are not at all questioned. But he has not shown a willingness to dis charge the duties assigned him. His only sin now charged was a non-user of office, a non-feasance of duty. But to him, Mr. T. said this was not the most offensive part of his conduct, h is rumored, and he believed the rumor, that last fall, before the sitting of the court at Jackson, his honor wrote to the marshal of the southern district of Mississip pi, in substance, that he would come and hold the court at Jackson if he felt secure in his person; b it though he did not doubt the courage and the willingness of the mar shal to defend him, vet he doubted his abili ty, and therefore could not come. Now, this piece of insolence towards the people of Mississippi should not pass unrebuked by him. From what motive does such conduct spring? On what principle can such a course be justified in a high public functionary? Is Congress to fatten such men with high sala ries to play off such tricks before an unoffen ding people that fed them? One or two things is inevitable. Choose which horn of the dilemma you please; this conduct convinces, on the part of the Jude, cowardice, a want of moral firmness, or else an unblushing effrontery and bare faced im pudence. Shall such things be . tolerated? Were there no means left to force anfficer of this description to perform his duty? If this provision was not sufficient, he Doped gentlemen would go with him in applying another remedy. Would gentlemen go with him in the impeachment of this officer? Cries of "Yes, yes," If they would, he promised that next session he would pro pose this remedy, if this honorable judge did not move on in, the perform auce of his duty. Mr. Adams said, irom tne tacts stated uv the gentlemen from Arkansas and Mississip pi, Messrs. Cross and lhompson.J fie had no doubt whatever that it was the duty of this House, their solemn duty, to take this subject into their consideration; but he be lieved with the gentleman from Kentucky Mr. Pope that the mode proposed by the gentleman from Arkansas wa3 not consis tent with the Constitution of the U. States. It was furthermore objectionable because It would not remove the evil, If a indce ofhe courts of the United States had been so ex tremeJv remiss in the performance of his duty, he ought to be noticed by this House in a diilerent manner irom suspending any part of his salary, if he should continue in this failure ol duty. It was perlectly well known that the non-user on an office was as capable of impeachment as the mal-user of it. There could be no possible doubt that on the facl stated by the gentlemen from Arkansas and Mississippi, this House was perfectly competent to initiate measures for the impeachment of this judge. It was very possible, too, that the mere fact of commenJ cincr the operation would remedy the evi and secure the future performance by this officer of his duty. To stop the salary of this officer not only would not remedy the evil, but would suffer it to pass with impu nity. If a judge of the United States had systematically, and for corrupt 'purposes, neglected his duty, this House ought to do something more than to say he should be punished by reducing his salary. Mr Thompson said he had not intended to convey the idea that lie had neglected his duty from corrupt purposes. Mr. Adams. The gentleman had said it was in consequence of his having suffered an indignity; and the gentleman charged him w ith cowardice. Cowardice m a judge was as much corruption as bribeiy. He hoped the gentleman from Arkansas would withdraw his motion and introduce a resolution into this House in the usual form of incipient impeachment, making inquiry whether the judge had so conducted himself as to require the application of tho consti tutional provision. That would call the judge himself to account to this House the grand inquest , of the peop!e-6f the United Slates. Perhaps he might offer reasons which would justify his conduct. It might not be necessaiy to prosecute the proceeding any fuitherto secure the performance of his duty. Mr. Gwin said before the gentleman from Arkansas withdrew his motion, he wished to say something in defence of Judge Mc Kinley. He was cognizant of the fact3 charged against the Judge, and he thought the charges were unjust, and had no proper foundation, for he knew of his own knowl edge that this judge had discharged more duty than any iudsre on the Supreme Bench of the United States. It was impossible for him to attend the court in Arkansas; he had not time. He knew'that an indignity had been offered to the Judge at Jackson, Missis sippi, and on that account he had refused to attend some of the terms of that court, but VOLUME I. NUMBER 15. it was his intention to hold that court at .its nexi term. The judge of the distj;ct court of Mississippi is an able and competent officer, and had pnesided in the southern distiict in the absence of Judge McKinley.and the peo ple of that district! ad not suffered from the absence of the judge he knew that a great in dignity had been offered to him, from which he did not defend himself; he was a witness to it. Notwithstanding Judge McKinley was unpopular among his (MG's.) constituents, he would do him justice. He asked that a memorial Irom him b read, which would show tha-t he did more work than anv Jud-e on tne supreme Uenciu " The memorial of Judge Mclvin'ev was then read by the Clerk, staling that the busi ness of his circuit was beyond the physical capacity of any man to perform, and show ing that two thirds of tiie causes in the Uni ted States courts were in Ills circuit; that lie had to travel annually upwards often thou sand miles, and that lie performed services equal to four or five judges; and appealing to Congress for their interposition lor a more equable arrangement, by an equalization of labor among the several judges, &:. Mr. G. said that if the gentleman f rom Ar kansas, and his (Mr. G's) colleague mt Thompson wished to remedy the evil of which they complain, let them bring in a bill to appoint another judge, or reoreanize the Supreme court circuits, and equalize the labor of the judges, and he would willingly join in either of these measures; but he would not join in denunciations of Judge McKinley for not doing what it was physically impos sible for him to do. Notwithstanding the complaints against him. he peCi more labor than any of the judges on- thejench. The remedy for the evils complained of should be cured by the legislation of Con gress, and not by requiring an impossibility of the judges of the Supreme Court. Another charge was brought against Judge McKinley, that he has removed from his cir cuit. This is not the fact. He was legisla ted out of the circuit by Congress, and his present residence is infinitely more conveni ent to the citizens of the ninth circuit than his former one. In fact it is the most conveni ent he can occupy, without removing to the sickly regions of the South, bv whih he would not only endanger his own life but that of his family. Judge McKinley. has been most cruelly treated and unjustly 'as sailed, and he would defend him if, in his o pinion, he deserved it, regardless of the con sequences to himself personally. Mr. Filmore rose for the purpose of saying mat it must be apparent to the committee that this evil if evil it wa, could not be corrected in this way. It this was a criminal neglect of duty, the remedy was impeachment. If it was an omission to perform a dutjr bccauic tho du ties were more than a man could perform, the remedy laid in re-arranging the judges cr cp poiritinganother, or putting some of the business on the district court. He therefore appealed to the gentleman from -Arkansas to withdraw his motion. Mr. Samson Mason expressed his sincere hope that the Committee on the Judiciary (to which this petition of Judge McKinley has been re ferred) would take an early occasion to report a bill to cor rec the flagrant injustice perpetra. ted on Judge McKinley. Ho considered that tlus judge had been maltreated most flagrantly, tfa had duties to perform, according to statistics collected by the Secretary of Sta,Shearly equal to two-thirds of the business performed by all the judges. In one of his districts he had been maltreated, and he had been charged with cowardice. Mr. Thompson inquired if the gentleman meant to say that he (Mr. T) had made such a charge? Mr. Masom said he meant to say what he had slid. This judge had a very hard task to per form; he had been insulted and repudiated in one portion of his circuit, and had a mass of busi ness to attend to which no man possessed the a- bility to do. lie didhope that the committee would see that justice was done in the premises. There ought to be something like an equaliza tion of labor of the judges. 3r. Barnaed obtained the floor. Mr. Cros3 offered to withdraw his amendment. Mr. Barnard said he was very glad to hear the gentleman ijfrom Arkansas offer to with draw his proposition, for many reasons. He could not say that he was sorry he had intro duced it. because it had given the gentleman and others an opportunity to bring before the notice of this house the conduct of one of the Supreme Judges of the United States. This was a very irregular mode of proceeding. He had risen for the purpose of entering his solemn protest against this mode of reaching the subject of the conduct of a public officer, whether a judge or other offi cer, and 'particularly a judge, when the Con stitution of the United States had thrown around these officers its broad shield of deferce against precisely such attacks. He should not ente"r at all either into the accusation or defenc"3f Judge McKinley. The gentleman from uiio Mr. Mason had said that this memorial of Judge McKinley was some time since referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and he Mr. B. took occasion to say that the Committee on the Judi ciary intended to do their duty on this subject, (:.ir. MAson- I d not doubt it at all,) and espe cially after the gentle lecture-tho committee had received in regard to it. This admoniiion the gentleman had given the Committee on the Judiciary reminded him of the gentle admoni tions this House was constantly receiving from various quarters of the country from friend and foe- alt which implied a neglect of duty. They were constantly told that this House was delaying aDd neglecting its duty, and he begged leave to say, in a parenthesis, that this House had t'one more labor and accompliahed more services for the public during the present ses sion than had been accomplished during the same length of time by any of its predecessors in any portion of the history of this country. (A laugh. " (Mr. Ahnoi d. Except the called session.) Yes, (continued Mr. B.) possible except the called session; but if there was any particular credit for the labor at the called session, he took it for granted that they should come in for a - --' II m- portion of it. This subject wis before the Committee on tho Judiciary, and they did not mean to neglect their duty. He had, far reasons abundantly satisfactory to him, neglected to call it up. They had not yet entered on their duty, and, consid ering what was performing in the other end of the Capitol, it would be m-rely labor thrown away. He desired once more lo protest auinst thi mode of interfering this Iincr the third time it had been resorted to on this bill on the part of the House in an unconstitutional and improper mode, with the proper duties belonging too:her departments, ft was the duty of the House, if a case was presented, to proceed to inquirj into the cenfuct of any officer in the manner pointed out by the Constitution, and he denied that it was competent for this House, while ap propriating for any office, to entertain the ques tion of the merit?' or demerits of any person who at the time might happen to be an incumbent. It was a great and dangerous irregularity, and he hoped its example would not bo followed. Mr. Cross said, in illustration of lhe necessi ty of adopting the amendment he had proposed, he had introduced the case of the ninth circuit. He held that he had a rightl to question h? con duct of any officer. This judge had never held a court in thisSiate;he mhjht have a just reason for it; he (Mr. C.) hoped he would have. Mr. Gwin inquired whether Judge McKinley had not time and aaln brought this subject before Congress, statinfr that he conlJ not perform tho duties required tor a judge in las circuit; and he wishfd to call the attention of the House to one fict, that Judflfe McKinley did not accent the office he now holds knowing the duties required of him. and now asked to be relieved from tha performance of them. He was the first judge cf the Supreme Court that ever presided in tha t cir cuit, which was created in the spring of 1837, and he could Form no conception of the enor mous amount of business he found ia the circnit. In fact, since the creation of the circuit, the busi ness in it had increased four-fold. Mr. SrniGo addresseda question to Mr. Cross, which was not heard by the Reporter. , Mr. Lr.oss said he desired to brin this matter in some way or other before the House of Repre sentatives. At the suggestion of the gentle man from Massachusetts, he would wKhJraw his amendment, and should hold the gentleman from .Mississippi to his promise to submit the matter to this House in a tangible shape if the evil was not corrected by the othcer himself. Thus the amendment having been withdrawn,, the Clerk prodeededin the reading of a number of sections wi'hont interruptions. POLITICAL. We publish to-day from the N. Y. New Era, a vindication of the State Rigts party of South Carolina, in the tariff controversy of 1832 and 1833, arising from the late controversy between Mr. Botts and Mr Upshur. Our readers arc a ware that we did not, in that contest, approve tho course of South Carolina; but the attempt, late ly made in certain q jarters, to identify their op position to theflagitouj and oppressive tariff rol icy, with that of Hartford C onventionists during the last war, is a gross injustice, which no one but a violent tariff partisan, or bitter federalist, would be capable of committing. Soulh Caro lina did not seek a combination with other States, much less a foreign State. She did not movo in a time of national distress and war, whilst our bays were beleaguered with foreign arma ments, and our frontiers were stroamicg with blood. She did not support, by her course, tho aggressions and insults of a foieign nation, up on the agression" of. American citizens and A merican independence and honor. Above all. she raised her head against unquestionable, and, as she believed, unconstitutional oppression, and if she erred, she erred on the side of liberty. Globe. From the New York New Era. JOHN C. CALHOUN. The Cincinnati Enquirer does injustice to one of the most distinguished of American states men a man who has been more unjustly viUi fied and abused than any other in the nation, oc cupying the elevated position he has during a long and eventful public life. The fameof Mr Calhoun, says that paper, has been frequently assailed by the whig press, for the purpose of disparaging his patriotism and devotion to the Union. His unsullied private character, and transcendent a bility, have compelled his enemies to look about with diligence for topics of reproach; and all they havo been able to effoct, in the way of im putation on character, is a suspicion that, in ad vocating nullification, he was desirous of effect ing a dissolution of the Union. The controversy between Messrs. Botts and Upshur ha3, among other things, caused a grea ter development of the objects of the nullifiers, and a more complete elucidation of the motives of Mr. Calhoun . The letter of Waddy Thomp son, jr. the new Minister to Mexico, contains the following passage: "With the admitted head of that party (nul lification,) Mr. Calhoun, my relations, personal and political, were of the most intimate charac ter. Those relations are now totally changed; and whilst I trust I could not be induced to re peat anything to his disadvantage, which I had heard from him during the existence of those re lations, I take pleasure in saying, that in tho fullest and freest conversations with him, for hours and days at a time, I never had cause even to suspect that he desired Ja dissolution of the Union. On the contrary, I well know that he has always regarded such an event as a great calamity one of the greatest. I knotv no man more deeply impressed with the value of the Union, and no one whoso opinions are so strong and settled that it never will bedissolved. . -4 This is the spontaneous testimony of a polit ical enemyj and one who is not a political friend. It will be remembered that when Mr. Calhoun announced his belief in nullification, he was, next to Gen. Jackson, the favorite of the Dem ocratic party and he was Vice President of the United States by the vote of both parties having, in consequence of his splendid abilities and irreproachable life, been supported for the second oifice in the country by both Adams and Jackson men. He was elected by the largest majority that ever was received by any man for that office. But tlus unbounded popularity, and his glittering prospects, were sacrificed at once by Mr. Calhoun, when his own Stato call ed on him to assist in the redress of her wrongs. And it would be hard to find in the whole range of American history, or of anv history, an in stance of mored sinterested sacrifice of self for country. For Mr. Calhoun saw that cuihiica tion was unpopular. Uut the enemies 'of JWr. Calhoun resolved not only that his power and his prospects shonld be destroyed, but that his good name thould be blasted. And for this pur posed, they raised tho cry that nullification was disunion and was treason. And by loud accu sation, and frequent repetition, much of the im pression thu3 croated against Mr Calhoun, has remained to this day. W'e have now full devel. opmcnt of th plans of the nullifiers, f.nd r tit.